This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the Duplication Policy section for more information.
|Size||6.0 feet of linear shelf space (approximately 500 items)|
|Abstract||Julian Shakespeare Carr (1845-1924) of Chapel Hill and Durham, N.C., was a manufacturer of tobacco products with interests in a wide range of other businesses, including banking and textiles. Carr was also active in the Methodist Church, the Democratic Party, and several Confederate veterans' organizations, including the North Carolina branch of the United Confederate Veterans, which he served as commander. He was also a strong supporter of various institutions of higher education in the state. The collection includes letters, telegrams, printed announcements, programs, and pamphlets, business and legal documents, maps, and newspaper clippings pertaining to Carr's business and personal affairs. The letters chiefly concern banking, farming, and family matters, but also reflect Carr's interests in the Civil War and the United Confederate Veterans and in the Methodist Church. Also included are printed and manuscript addresses and Sunday School lessons given by Carr. Of special note is a series of speeches discussing the race problem in North Carolina and throughout the South. One address, 2 June 1913, given at the dedication of the monument later known as "Silent Sam" on the University of North Carolina campus. Business topics are also represented. Included are seven volumes of Carr's diary containing brief entries, 1907-1917, and letter books, 1919-1922. These volumes chiefly document Carr's personal life, particularly his travels and family associations. Also included are a wedding album, 1895, of Carr's daughter Eliza, and a family history, 1991, by Joseph Julian Carr. Photographs are chiefly of Julian S. Carr.|
|Creator||Carr, Julian Shakespeare.|
The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.
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The third son of John Wesley and Eliza Bullock Carr, Julian Shakespeare Carr was born in Chapel Hill, N.C., on 12 October 1845. John Carr was a prosperous shopkeeper on Franklin Street, the main artery adjacent to the University of North Carolina. With a childhood spent near the University, among whose faculty his father was well-respected, it seemed natural that "Jule," as his father referred to him, should matriculate there in 1862.
In 1864, Julian Shakespeare Carr enlisted in the Confederate army, where he served with the Third North Carolina Cavalry. After witnessing the surrender at Appomattox, he returned to Chapel Hill, where he enrolled for the 1865-1866 term at UNC.
Carr spent 1868 to 1870 in Little Rock, Ark., where he had entered into business with an uncle. Returning to North Carolina, he received four thousand dollars from his father to purchase a one-third interest in the tobacco manufacturing firm of W. T. Blackwell and Company in Durham, N.C. Business boomed, primarily as a result of the pioneering advertising campaign that promoted the company's product under its trademark, Bull Durham, which soon became a household word. Carr bought out his partners, only to sell the business in 1898 to the American Tobacco Company. With this capital, Carr engaged in a wide range of business interests: banking, hosiery mills, the Durham-Roxboro Railroad, electric and telephone companies, and a Durham newspaper.
Successful in most of his endeavors, Carr was also said to have given away a fortune during his lifetime. To the Methodist church, the Confederate veterans, and the University of North Carolina, he was quite generous. A trustee of the University and of Greensboro College, he was also a benefactor of Davidson, Wake Forest, St. Mary's, Elon and Trinity colleges. As Commander of the United Confederate Veterans in North Carolina, Carr had the honorary rank of major general, and was often referred to as "General." An active Democrat, he supported the party financially and served as a delegate to its conventions, though he was never elected to office.
Carr married Nannie Graham Parrish in 1873. He died on 29 April 1924.
Letters and letterbooks, telegrams, diaries, printed and manuscript addresses, Sunday School lessons, notes, newspaper clippings and other printed material relating to the business and private affairs and interests of Julian S. Carr.Back to Top
Arrangement: chronological and by type.
Letters, telegrams, printed announcements, programs, and pamphlets, business and legal documents, maps, and newspaper clippings pertaining to Carr's business and personal affairs. The letters chiefly concern banking, farming, and family matters, but Carr's interests in the in the Civil War and the United Confederate Veterans and in the Methodist Church are also reflected.
|Extra Oversize Paper Folder XOPF-141/1||
Extra-oversize papers, 1900-1907 and undated #00141, Series: "1. General Papers, 1890-1923 and undated." XOPF-141/1
Two oversize maps and a poster for a Confederate Veterans' Fourth of July celebration at which Julian S. Carr is listed as a speaker.
Printed and manuscript addresses and Sunday School lessons given by Carr. The addresses primarily derive from his interest in the Civil War and in Confederate Veterans, and from his prominence in the Methodist Church. Of special note is a series of speeches discussing the race problem in North Carolina and throughout the South. Business topics are also represented.
One address, dated 2 June 1913 and titled "Unveiling of Confederate Monument at University," was given at the dedication of the monument later known as "Silent Sam" on the University of North Carolina campus. The address includes discussion of the motives and morale of Confederate soldiers; the devotion and sacrifices of women on the Confederate homefront; military service by students and North Carolinians; and the protection of the "Anglo Saxon race" during Reconstruction. Carr also describes whipping a "negro wench" in front of federal soldiers in Chapel Hill shortly after he returned from Appomattox because the woman had publicly insulted a "Southern lady."
Seven personal diaries and five letterbooks briefly documenting Carr's personal life, chiefly his travels and personal associations; Carr's daughter Eliza's wedding album, 1895; and a Carr family history by Joseph Julian Carr, 1991.
|Image Folder PF-141/1||
P-141/1: Julian Shakespeare Carr, circa 1875. Carte-de-visite. Photographer: W. Shelburn, Durham, N.C. Subject's cheeks have been hand-tinted. #00141, Series 4. Pictures, circa 1875-1917., Imagefolder PF-141/1
P-141/2: Julian Shakespeare Carr, circa 1890. Cabinet card. Photographer: Fredericks, New York, N.Y. #00141, Series 4. Pictures, circa 1875-1917., Imagefolder PF-141/1
P-141/3a-b: Julian Shakespeare Carr, circa 1910. #00141, Series 4. Pictures, circa 1875-1917., Imagefolder PF-141/1
P-141/4: F. R. Mitchell, December 1897. Cabinet card. Photographer: Jordan, New Bedford, Mass. #00141, Series 4. Pictures, circa 1875-1917., Imagefolder PF-141/1
P-141/5: Lois Kimsey Marshall and Ellen Axson Wilson, wives of vice-president Thomas Marshall and president Woodrow Wilson, circa 1912. #00141, Series 4. Pictures, circa 1875-1917., Imagefolder PF-141/1
P-141/6: Woman identified only as "Walton," 1917. #00141, Series 4. Pictures, circa 1875-1917., Imagefolder PF-141/1
P-141/7: Three unidentified little girls, circa 1912. #00141, Series 4. Pictures, circa 1875-1917., Imagefolder PF-141/1
P-141/8: Unidentified girl and baby, 1909. Photographer: Miss Reineke, Kansas City. #00141, Series 4. Pictures, circa 1875-1917., Imagefolder PF-141/1
Processed by: David Weber, January 1988
Encoded by: ByteManagers Inc., 2008
Updated by: Kathryn Michaelis, June 2010Back to Top