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|Size||3.0 feet of linear shelf space (approximately 2400 items)|
|Abstract||J.F.H. Claiborne was a lawyer, U.S. Representative, editor, planter, and historian of Mississippi and Louisiana. The collection has relatively few items pertaining to Claiborne's personal activities but includes letters he wrote while a law student in Wytheville, Va.; records of the 1842-1843 commission on Choctaw Indian claims; a few papers of Governor John Anthony Quitman; diary of Willis Herbert Claiborne as a Confederate officer at Vicksburg in April-July 1863; J. L. Power's notes on the Mississippi secession convention; materials collected by Claiborne in preparation of his history of Mississippi, among them biographical and autobiographical material on prominent leaders; and writings of Claiborne and others on a wide variety of contemporary and historical subjects.|
|Creator||Claiborne, J. F. H. (John Francis Hamtramck), 1809-1884.|
The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.
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John Francis Hamtramck Claiborne, son of General Ferdinand Lee Claiborne and nephew of William C. C. Claiborne, was born near Natchez, Miss., on 24 April 1807. He studied law in Virginia, edited a pro-Jackson paper in Natchez, and served in Congress, 1835-1837. He moved back to Natchez to edit the Mississippi Free Trader, a Democratic paper. In 1842, Claiborne was appointed president of a commission to adjudicate the claims of the Choctaw Indians to several thousand acres of valuable land, which was also claimed by speculators. He moved to New Orleans in 1844 and edited the Jeffersonian in English and French, the Statesman in German and English, and the Louisiana Courier. In about 1853, Claiborne became a planter in Hancock County, Miss. He opposed secession and, after the war, while not an active politician, favored reconciliation and cooperation with the Republicans. He devoted the later part of his life to writing a history of Mississippi and published one volume. The manuscript of the second volume was burned shortly before his death on 17 May 1884. He also wrote Life and Times of Sam Dale and Life and Correspondence of John A. Quitman .
[For further information see the Dictionary of American Biography and Publications of the Mississippi Historical Society , V and VII.]Back to Top
The collection has relatively few items pertaining to J.F.H. Claiborne's personal activities but includes letters he wrote while a law student in Wytheville, Va.; records of the 1842-1843 commission on Choctaw Indian claims; a few papers of Governor John Anthony Quitman; diary of Willis Herbert Claiborne as a Confederate officer at Vicksburg in April-July 1863; J. L. Power's notes on the Mississippi secession convention; materials collected by Claiborne in preparation of his history of Mississippi, among them biographical and autobiographical material on prominent leaders; and writings of Claiborne and others on a wide variety of contemporary and historical subjects.Back to Top
Papers pertaining to Claiborne's own life and personal, business and political activity, including legal papers; papers collected by him in the course of his historical writing; and letters to him from a number of persons who were trying to help him gather information for his writings, especially for the history of Mississippi. These letters between Claiborne and friends discuss De Soto's expedition and conflicts with Indians, Indian relics, early battles, Confederate army officers, and several Mississippi counties, including Monroe and Adams counties, to be used in his history of Mississippi. There is also discussion of the poor credit the United States, and especially the southern states, had with Europe as a result of the mercantile revolution of 1837; political campaigns, 1838-1880; Mississippi law; the operation of Mississippi Manufacturing Co.; Civil War battles and campaigns; Jefferson Davis's trial for treason; the merits of President Grant; and a biography of Colonel Claiborne. Civil War items also relate to the right of secession; the 1st Mississippi Cavalry; the 24th Mississippi Regiment; the Sunflower guards; state sovereignty; slavery and secession; Brigadier General S. D. Lee's troops during the siege of Vicksburg; General Beauregard's family; and General Braxton's report of the Battle of Chickamauga.
Biographical information compiled by Claiborne pertaining primarily to figures important in Mississippi during the Civil War.
Wirt Adams: report on the action of his command of the Mississippi cavalry near Boonville, Miss., 1 July 1862 #00151, Series 2. Biographical Information, 1860-1876., Folder 15
James M. Arnold: address, 26 April 1868, on the occasion of decorating Confederate soldiers' graves in Columbus, Mo. #00151, Series 2. Biographical Information, 1860-1876., Folder 15
William Barksdale: an account of his Civil War service and activities of his brigade #00151, Series 2. Biographical Information, 1860-1876., Folder 16
John Brownrigg: account of the Battle of Egypt's Station, Monroe County, Miss., 28 December 1864 probably by Brownrigg #00151, Series 2. Biographical Information, 1860-1876., Folder 21
William F. Dowd: "Recollections of the Organization and History of the 24th Mississippi Regiment of the Confederate States Army" by Dowd who was colonel of the regiment and later a military judge #00151, Series 2. Biographical Information, 1860-1876., Folder 25
Winfield Scott Featherston: biographical sketch of the lawyer, Democratic congressman, colonel of the 17th Mississippi, and brigadier general, and letter from Featherston, 1878, on his Civil War career #00151, Series 2. Biographical Information, 1860-1876., Folder 26
Samuel Wragg Ferguson: sketch of his cavalry brigade by E. B. Fort #00151, Series 2. Biographical Information, 1860-1876., Folder 26
W. D. Gibbs: address on 4 July 1876 #00151, Series 2. Biographical Information, 1860-1876., Folder 28
H. S. Halbert: on Indian history and legend #00151, Series 2. Biographical Information, 1860-1876., Folder 30
Jeptha V. Harris: report of activity of Mississippi troops at Vicksburg #00151, Series 2. Biographical Information, 1860-1876., Folder 30
Issac F. Harrison: Civil War reminiscences of this major, lieutenant colonel, and colonel in Wirt Adams Mississippi Cavalry, in the trans-Mississippi area in the 15th Battalion Louisiana Cavalry, and the 3rd Louisiana Cavalry #00151, Series 2. Biographical Information, 1860-1876., Folder 30
Benjamin Grubb Humphreys: account of "The Sunflower Guards," 21st Mississippi, of which he was captain and later colonel #00151, Series 2. Biographical Information, 1860-1876., Folder 31
Stephen Dill Lee: autobiographical data and reminiscences, including "Data for Sketch of Life of Stephen D. Lee," "Fort Sumter," "Vicksburg to close of 2nd attack" (the battle of Chickasaw Bayou), "From the Battle of Chickasaw Bayou to Siege of Vicksburg," "Review of Fall of Vicksburg," and two reports of Lee on the siege of Vicksburg, 1863, and a campaign in Mississippi, 1864. #00151, Series: "2. Biographical Information, 1860-1876." Folder 32-33
Hugh J. Reid and 22nd Mississippi Regiment, captain and later lieutenant colonel with the regiment #00151, Series 2. Biographical Information, 1860-1876., Folder 36
John Marshall Stone and 2nd Mississippi Regiment: history on both #00151, Series 2. Biographical Information, 1860-1876., Folder 36
Writings by Claiborne, primarily on historical subjects. There are papers from the Commission on Choctaw Indian Claims, 1842-1843, established by Congress to examine and adjudicate the claims of the Choctaw Indians under the 14th article of the Treaty of Dancing Rabbit. Claiborne served as president of this board of commissioners. Folders 39-46 have been microfilmed. There are also two folders on the debts of the state of Mississippi due to bonds issued by the state for the Planters and Union Bank and sketches of M. G. P. Layman, Aaron Burr, William M. Gavin, Roger Barton, and Abraham Baldwin.
"Journal and Field Notes, Levin Wailes, 1809, Boundary Line Survey under Treaty of Mt. Dexter; Journals and Field Notes on the Boundary lines between the United States and the Choctaw Nation of Indians Surveyed (pursuant to a Treaty concluded at Mount Dexter on the 16th day of November 1805) by Levin Wailes Deputy Surveyor" #00151, Series: "3. Writings, 1799-1884." Folder 39
Newspaper clippings relating to Claiborne's writings and on political and other issues.
Besides his books, Claiborne also wrote a series of newspaper articles for Louisiana newspapers, 1848-1850, under the pseudonym "Nota Bene." These discussed current events, campaigns, public men, public questions, and politics such as the French Revolution and the Mexican War. The first folder of this series includes complete issues of the following newspapers, most of which have articles on Choctaw claims: The Signal (Gallatin, Miss.) 1843; Vicksburg Daily Sentinel 1843; Sentinel and Expositor (Vicksburg, Miss.) 1843; and The Daily Clarion(Meridian, Miss.) 1865.
Brief journal possibly of John Sevier or one of his sons, near Jonesboro, Tenn.
Journal of Ferdinand Leigh Claiborne while with the U.S. Army at Fort Wayne about events at the fort.
Notes on Blackstone's Commentaries kept by John F. H. Claiborne while studying law in Virginia with Alexander Smythe and notes on legal matters.
Copies of letters written by Claiborne in 1826 while in Virginia and clippings of editorial articles he wrote for the Natchez Statesman. The newspaper articles relate primarily to the Adams-Jackson presidential campaign.
Fragmentary accounts and notes and record of shipping cotton.
Miscellaneous notes on Claiborne's research.
Notes on John A. Quitman and other politicians, with historical extracts.
Samuel A. Cartwright's comments on John A. Quitman.
Volume 9: 1863, 85 pages (including 10 pages looseleaf) #00151, Series: "5. Volumes, 1794-1863 and undated." Folder 89
Journal of W. H. Claiborne, son of John F. H. Claiborne, kept while serving in the Confederate Army in and near Vicksburg.
Historical notes on Mississippi and Roman history.
Extracts from historical writings relating to the history of Mississippi, especially to Phineas Lyman and Aaron Burr.
Processed by: Suzanne Ruffing, July 1996
Encoded by: ByteManagers Inc., 2008
Finding aid updated for digitization by Kathryn Michaelis, August 2010
This collection was processed with support from the Randleigh Foundation Trust.Back to Top