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|Size||7.0 feet of linear shelf space (approximately 3400 items)|
|Abstract||The Rootes family of Fredericksburg, Va., and the Cobb, Jackson, and Prince families of Athens, Macon, and other locations in Georgia belonged to the elite of the southern planter artistocracy. Henry Jackson(1778-1840) served as United States charge d'affaires in France (1812-1818) and taught at Franklin College in Athens, Ga. (1811-1813 and 1819-1828). His wife, Martha Jacquelin Rootes Cobb Jackson (1786-1853) operated her husband's Halscot Plantation outside Athens, Ga., and Cookshay Plantation in Chatham County, Ala., for over a decade after his death. Jackson's son, Henry Rootes Jackson, a brigadier general in the Confederate Army, also served as minister to Austria (1853-1858) and to Mexico (1885-1886). Oliver Hillhouse Prince (1823-1875), Jackson's son-in-law, was a Democratic Party newspaper editor deeply involved in Georgia politics in the 1840s, who became a large landholder and planter in Bibb and Baker counties. The papers consist of family, business, and political correspondence, financial and legal papers, and miscellaneous collected items. They include personal and plantation accounts; day books; slave records; deeds and indentures; diaries; scientific notes; and genealogical materials. The papers document the social and religious life of ante-bellum aristocratic women, including camp meetings and missionary activities, and offer insight into the economic and political life of Georgia. They also contain information on early American foreign affairs.|
The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.
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Henry Jackson, American educator, diplomat, and planter, was born in Moretonhampstead, Devonshire, England, in 1778, the youngest son of James and Mary Webber Jackson. He emigrated to America in 1790 and took up the study of medicine, graduating from the Medical College of Pennsylvania in 1802. Unhappy as a physician, he pursued an academic career and became professor of sciences and mathematics at Franklin College (later the University of Georgia) in 1811. In 1813 Jackson interrupted his teaching to accompany William H. Crawford to France as secretary to the American Legation. He remained in Paris as charge d'affaires until 1818, when he returned to Franklin College. In 1828 Jackson resigned his teaching post and moved to Halscot (also called Henry's Mount Farm), his plantation near Athens.
Henry Jackson's older brother James Jackson (1757-1806), a Revolutionary War general and political protege of William H. Crawford, served as a U.S. congressman from Georgia in the early 1790s, as governor of Georgia from 1798 to 1801, and as a U.S. senator from that state from 1801 until his death. Henry's older brother Abraham also lived in Georgia in the 1790s and served in the Georgia House of Representatives circa 1803.
In 1819 Henry Jackson married Martha Jacquelin Rootes Cobb, the widow of Captain Howell Cobb (1772-1818). Martha was born in Fredericksburg, Virginia, in 1776, the daughter of Thomas Reade and Sarah Ryng Battaile Rootes. Before she married in 1810, she lived with her family in Fredericksburg. She then moved with her husband first to Washington City, then in 1812 to his plantation outside Louisville, Georgia. One year after Cobb's death she married Henry Jackson and moved with him to Athens, then later to his Halscot Plantation, where she lived until around 1850 or 1851. She died in 1853.
Martha's sister, Sarah Robinson Rootes (1792-1867), married Howell Cobb's brother, John Addison Cobb, and Henry Jackson's nephew, William Henry Jackson, married Howell Cobb's sister, Mildred Lewis Cobb.
Henry and Martha Jackson had three children. Their son Henry Rootes Jackson (1820-1898) became active in politics, serving as judge and minister to Austria, 1853-1858, and to Mexico, 1885-1886. He also served as a Confederate general in the Civil War. One of their daughters, Martha, married Col. Hezekiah F. Erwin, and another, Sarah Maria Rootes Jackson, married Oliver Hillhouse Prince, Jr.
A Georgia planter and newspaper editor, Oliver Hillhouse Prince was born 16 March 1823 in Bibb County, the son of Oliver Hillhouse Prince (senior) and Mary Ross Norman Prince. The elder Prince, a founder of the city of Macon, died, along with his wife, in a shipwreck off the coast of North Carolina in 1837. Orphaned, the young Prince became a ward of his uncle, Washington Poe of Macon.
Prince received most of his education at Dr. Beaman's School in Milledgeville, Georgia, and at Yale College in Virginia. Around 1844 he began editing the Georgia Telegraph , an organ of the Democratic party. He left the paper in 1847 to serve as a lieutenant with the 13th U.S. Cavalry in the Mexican War.
Following the war Prince became a prominent planter, operating several large Georgia plantations. In 1852 he married Sarah Jackson. During the Civil War Prince served as a volunteer aide-de-camp, receiving a captain's commission and helping conscript soldiers in Baker County, Georgia. His wife and children (Basiline, Henry, Marie Jacqueline, and Oliver) resided in Bath, Georgia, during the war and for several years afterward while Prince stayed on his plantation in Baker County. Prince died in 1875.
(Much of the information for these sketches came from the genealogical material contained in Subseries 9.1 of Subcollection 2. Sketches of James Jackson and Henry Rootes Jackson can be found in the Dictionary of American Biography.)Back to Top
This collection consists mostly of family letters and plantation papers, but also contains business papers of Henry Jackson and Oliver Hillhouse Prince. Prince's papers offer substantial information on the politically turbulent decades leading up to the Civil War and on family genealogy, and they appear in a separate subcollection to facilitate their use. Note, however, that information on Georgia and national politics also appears in the Jackson subcollection.
The Jackson subcollection includes the papers of the widely connected Rootes, Cobb, and Jackson families, and the Prince subcollection contains the papers of Oliver Hillhouse Prince and other members of the Prince, Hillhouse, and related families. Within the subcollections, divisions appear between correspondence, financial and legal papers, diaries, pictures, and other papers.
About two-thirds of the Jackson subcollection consists of correspondence (Series 1). Most of it is with family, though a considerable portion, especially Henry Jackson's correspondence as charge d'affaires (1813-1818), is business related. Letters exchanged among the members (mostly women) of the Rootes, Cobb, and Jackson families offer a wealth of information on the family, religious, and educational life of the Virginia and Georgia aristocracies. Topics include camp meetings, missionary activities, church divisions, slave-master relations, courtship and marriage, the education and rearing of children, and financial worries (including those caused by the War of 1812 and falling cotton prices in the 1830s). Of particular interest are letters from Martha Rootes Cobb Jackson after the death of Henry Jackson in 1840, which document her management of their plantations in Georgia and Alabama for more than ten years. Correspondence between the American and English members of Henry Jackson's family provides insight into immigration to America and early Georgia and national politics.
Henry Jackson's business correspondence relates to his service as charge d'affaires in France, to his connections with Franklin College (later the University of Georgia), and to his operation of plantations in Georgia and Alabama (1828-1840). Jackson's correspondence as charge d'affaires is sketchy and illuminates little beyond his routine activities; however, it does touch on sensitive issues surrounding American shipping rights. His correspondence pertaining to Franklin College (where he taught from 1811 to 1813 and from 1818 to 1828) chiefly provides information on his role in procuring scientific supplies for the school, but it also discusses individual students. Later correspondence in the early 1830s, when Jackson served on the college's board of trustees, addresses early conflicts over the school's administration.
The financial and legal papers in Series 2 and 3 of the Jackson subcollection chiefly document the operation of the Jacksons' Halscot Plantation outside Athens, Ga., and their Cookshay Plantation in Chatham County, Ala. Some material also appears on the finances of the American Legation in Paris and on Henry's personal expenses while a medical student.
Series 4 contains diaries and loose diary entries of Henry Jackson and Martha Jacquelin (Rootes) Cobb Jackson and of their children Henry Rootes Jackson, Sarah Maria Rootes (Jackson) Prince, and Martha Rootes (Jackson) Erwin.
Of special interest among the subcollection's Other Papers (Series 5) are items documenting late eighteenth and early nineteeth-century scientific disciplines and a number of miscellaneous items providing insight into religious thought, daily plantation life, and Georgia politics.
Series 6 contains 13 unidentified pictures of individuals, probably family members, and one unidentified house.
Correspondence (Series 7) accounts for about one-half of the Prince subcollection. Oliver Prince's personal and business letters, chiefly 1839 to 1852, contain frequent commentary on local, state, and national politics. Topics include the contest between George M. Troup and John Clark in Georgia in 1825; the election of James K. Polk, and the annexation of Texas. Of interest in his later correspondence is discussion of developments during the Civil War in Baker County. Other correspondence belongs mostly to Prince's wife, Sarah (Jackson) Prince, his daughter, Basiline, and Basiline's cousin, Margaret P. Hillhouse. Sarah's correspondence deals mostly with religious and family life, and Basiline and Margaret's, which comprises the bulk of the subcollection after 1873, provides a rich source on the genealogy of the Rootes, Cobb, Jackson, Prince, Hillhouse, King, Cary, Jacquelin, Thomas, and other families.
The financial and legal papers of Oliver Prince (Series 8) mostly document his plantation activities. Only scattered information appears on personal expenses or on the finances of the Georgia Telegraph. Almost all of the material filed under Other Papers (Series 9) in the Prince subcollection is related to family genealogy. Miscellaneous items pertain to Georgia politics.
Note: To clarify the family relationships of women in the collection, maiden names are generally included where appropriate.Back to Top
Personal letters exchanged between members of the Rootes, Cobb, and Jackson families, or between members of these families and their friends, and business correspondence of Henry Jackson. A considerable amount of the correspondence belongs to the women of these families. A small portion (about 125 items) of the correspondence was received by the Southern Historical Collection already having suffered significant mold or physical damage or having deteriorated to fragments. These items have been interfiled chronologically whenever possible. Most appear in Subseries 1.1 through Subseries 1.4
Chiefly correspondence of Henry Jackson and Martha Jacquelin (Rootes) Cobb Jackson, with some correspondence of other members of their families.
Between 1784 and 1811 the collection contains mostly letters received by Martha Rootes from women in her family, including her aunt Lucy Thornton, who lived in Caroline County, Virginia, her cousin Martha M. J. Robinson of Winchester, Virginia, and her friends Mary Cooke and E. Marion. Of interest are references to courtship, friendship, religious devotion and missionary efforts, plantation life, the treatment of slaves, and the difficulties women encountered in operating a plantation.
Correspondence of Abraham Jackson (Henry's brother) is dated 1782 to 1805 and consists mostly of letters to or from his mother and brothers. These letters contain primarily family news, but have scattered references to Georgia and national politics. Of interest is a fragment, ca. 1789, from Abraham to his brother Samuel discussing the adoption of the U.S. Constitution. (For additional correspondence of Abraham and other Jackson family members, see Subsubseries 9.1.1.)
Henry Jackson's correspondence for this period is scattered. Of note is a series of letters from mid-1811 to early 1812 concerning the settlement of Joseph Webber's (his grandfather's) English estate. Correspondents include his brothers Joseph and Samuel and his sister Eliza.
Letters about equally divided between Martha's family correspondence and Henry Jackson's personal and business correspondence. Letters to Martha from Lucy Thornton note church happenings, including splits occurring in the Baptist church in Fredericksburg, Virginia. Letters from Martha's father mostly discuss the education and rearing of Martha's sisters, Laura and Sarah, who lived with Martha from 1814 to 1817 and possibly afterward while her parents resided on their White Marsh plantation in Gloucester County, Virginia. These letters are useful in illuminating the expected role of women in the church and family. Martha's father's letters also describe the difficulties he and other planters around White Marsh experienced during the War of 1812.
Jackson's correspondence from 1812 to 1818 is mostly correspondence with the members of his family in England and his correspondence as charge d'affaires. His most frequent correspondent was his nephew Jabez (in London and later the U.S.). They wrote about family, Jabez's career, and politics (including the War of 1812 and various U.S. political figures). The most useful of Jackson's charge d'affaires papers are copies of letters to the French government (contained in one letter copy book dated 1815-1816). These chiefly concern American shipping rights and difficulties encountered by American citizens in France. Other official correspondence includes letters of introduction, invitations, thank-you notes, financial correspondence, and pleas for help from American citizens.
Predominantly Henry Jackson's business correspondence, much of which relates to Franklin College. This correspondence concerns the acquisition of laboratory and other materials, students, and the governance of the college. Jackson's personal correspondence consists mostly of letters with his family, especially his nephews Joseph Webber Jackson and William Henry Jackson, and with old acquaintances in Paris. These letters frequently discuss politics. There is also correspondence relating to Jackson's land acquisitions.
Letters to Martha from her father, Lucy Thornton, and other family members concern family news and events, camp meetings and other church news, and her marriage to Henry Jackson. For a first-person account of an interracial camp meeting see the 12 August 1819 letter to Martha from Mrs. Sherwood. A series of letters Martha and Henry wrote each other during their courtship appears for 1819. Another series of letters they wrote each other in 1827 and 1828 while separated also appears. These letters contain detailed information on daily life at Halscot.
Chiefly personal correspondence of Henry and Martha Jackson and their chidren, Henry Rootes Jackson, Sarah Rootes Jackson, and Martha Rootes Jackson. Henry's letters discuss a broad range of topics, including Georgia politics, land acquisitions, Franklin College, financial difficulties, and the education of his son, Henry Rootes Jackson. Among his most frequent correspondents were his nephews Jabez and Joseph Webber Jackson. Martha expanded her correspondence to include an ever-widening network of relatives and friends, including her sister Serena (Rootes) Lea, wife of Henry C. Lea of Alabama; Elizabeth Schley, wife of Georgia governor William Schley; and a number of nieces and nephews. Of note among the childrens' correspondence are letters by Henry Rootes Jackson to his family while he was studying at Edgehill Seminary in New Jersey (1834-1835) and at Yale College in New Haven (1836-1839). They chiefly discuss his social life and campus events.
Letters that do not bear dates, but that can be placed in this period. They include few letters to and by Henry Jackson while in France, a large number of letters exchanged between Henry and Martha Jackson during separations (probably late 1820s and early 1830s), letters to Martha from Mary Ann Lamar, Sarah (Rootes) Cobb, Sarah (Jackson) Prince, and other family members. Jackson's French correspondence is mostly personal. Letters between Henry and Martha and correspondence with other family members provide information mostly on family matters and life at Halscot. Correspondence with Henry Smith, overseer at Cookshay, provides information on the operation of the plantation.
Mostly the correspondence of Martha (Rootes) Cobb Jackson and her children. Much of this correspondence documents Martha Jackson's operation of the Halscot Plantation outside Athens, Ga., and the Cookshay Plantation in Chatham County, Ala., for over a decade after her husband's death in 1840. A considerable number of letters with the overseers on the Cookshay plantation discuss its operation in detail. Numerous letters from Henry Rootes Jackson and from Henry Jackson's nephew Joseph Webber Jackson also concern plantation matters and finances. Martha's correspondence with her daughters and with other family members often discusses the status of her crops and livestock.
Letters exchanged among Henry Rootes Jackson, Sarah Rootes Jackson (later Prince), Martha Rootes Jackson (later Erwin), and their mother discuss mostly personal news. Sarah and Martha's letters with a number of cousins, including Mary Ann Lamar and Laura Battaile Cobb, discuss religion, including missions to Africa, family, and society news. Several letters in the 1840s pertain to Henry Rootes Jackson's service in the Mexican War.
Chiefly Civil War correspondence of Henry Rootes Jackson. Included are two letters by Jackson concerning the retreat from Sherman's army, one to Henry Rootes Jackson concerning his orders recalling the 1st Georgia Regiment to duty, and one to Jackson from 1st Lieutenant Samuel Dawson reporting an exchange of prisoners and other military matters. Miscellaneous items, dated 1861, 1868, 1879, and 1880 are addressed to Mary Ann Cobb and General and Mrs. Jackson and concern family matters
Financial papers of Henry and Martha (Rootes) Cobb Jackson and their children. The papers include personal accounts, records of Jackson's service as Charge d'Affaires to France (1812-1818), and plantation accounts.
Financial records of Henry Jackson while secretary to the American Legation and later Charge d'Affaires for the United States in France. Personal accounts consist mostly of bills and receipts for living expenses. American Legation accounts consist of bills, receipts, and records kept for postage, stationery, printing, salary, and miscellaneous expenses. Correspondence related to Jackson's financial affairs in Paris may be found in Subseries 1.2.
Mostly Henry Jackson's personal accounts while attending medical school in Philadelphia (one volume dated 1796-1797) and while working as a doctor (one volume dated 1809-1810 and five receipts for personal goods). There are also other miscellaneous receipts for 1817 through 1820. A personal account book belonging to Henry and Martha Jackson appears for 1819-1820. (There are plantation accounts for 1850-1851 contained in the back of this volume.) One undated item may relate to a commission received by Jackson to buy scientific supplies from France for the University of Georgia.
Plantation papers of Henry and Martha Jackson and of their son Henry Rootes Jackson. The earliest papers appear for the Louisville, Ga., plantation owned by Howell and Martha (Rootes) Cobb (later Jackson) and dated 1816-1818. Subsequent papers concern the Halscot Plantation of Henry and Martha Jackson, outside Athens (1818-1850s); the Cookshay Plantation (Chatham County, Ala.) owned by the Jacksons (1838?-1852), and a plantation (location unknown) owned by Henry Rootes Jackson.
Papers include household and plantation account books, livestock records, plantation day books, receipts, accounts with cotton factors, slave lists and value assessments, and tax records.
Plantation account book, 1816-1818 and 1817-1818 #00371, Subseries: "2.3. Plantation Accounts, 1816-1869 and undated." Folder 86
Martha (Rootes) Cobb's accounts for the Louisville, Ga., plantation
Plantation account book, 1819-1820 #00371, Subseries: "2.3. Plantation Accounts, 1816-1869 and undated." Folder 87
Henry and Martha Jackson's accounts, probably at Henry's Mount Farm (later called Halscot?) outside Athens
Plantation account book, 1823-1824 #00371, Subseries: "2.3. Plantation Accounts, 1816-1869 and undated." Folder 88
Henry and Martha Jackson's accounts at Henry's Mount Farm
Plantation accounts, 1824-1834 #00371, Subseries: "2.3. Plantation Accounts, 1816-1869 and undated." Folder 89
Memorandum Book, 1824-1826, recipes
Plantation account book, 1833-1834 #00371, Subseries: "2.3. Plantation Accounts, 1816-1869 and undated." Folder 90
Henry and Martha Jackson's accounts at Halscot, and day book, 1835-1837
Henry and Martha Jackson's accounts for Cookshay Plantation (Chatham County, Ala.)
Martha Jackson's accounts at Cookshay plantation
Martha Jackson's notes on daily operation of Halscot? Plantation and Day book, 1849, Martha Jackson's accounts and notes on operation of Halscot. See also accounts for 1850 and 1851 in the volume in folder 85.
Martha Jackson's accounts and notes on operation of Halscot
Account book, 1852-1869 and undated #00371, Subseries: "2.3. Plantation Accounts, 1816-1869 and undated." Folder 102
Martha Jackson's accounts at Halscot
Primarily papers of Dr. Henry Jackson, Martha Rootes Cobb Jackson, and Henry Rootes Jackson. Papers include land grants, deeds, indentures (loan and property), bills of sale for slaves, employment agreements with overseers, bonds, and other legal items related to the operation of the Jackson plantations. A considerable portion of the papers pertain to the settlement of Jackson's estate after his death in 1840.
Diaries kept by Jackson family members, mostly focusing on religion and daily life. There is one undated diary probably belonging to Martha's father, Thomas Reade Rootes. Entries for Martha Jacquelin (Rootes) Cobb Jackson provide insight into the religious life of an upper class Baptist woman. She commented extensively on sermons, the Bible, and her relationship to God. Childhood diaries by Henry Rootes, Martha, and Sarah Jackson describe the family's farm and social activities on their Halscot Plantation in the early 1830s. Henry Jackson's diaries contain ideas on scientific matters. Thomas Reade Rootes's diary offers opinions on a variety of social and ethical topics.
Henry Jackson discusses school life at the Medical College of Pennsylvania (Philadelphia), where Jackson studied medicine.
Diary and loose entries, 1806, Martha (Rootes) Cobb 16 pp. Diary, 5 pp. loose entries. #00371, Series: "4. Diaries, 1801-1854." Folder 106
Records religious meditations and thoughts.
Diary, 1 Sept. 1811 to 11 October 1811, Henry Jackson, 35 pp. #00371, Series: "4. Diaries, 1801-1854." Folder 106
Discusses scientific ideas and describes contemporary books and inventions.
Diary, 4 January 1813, Martha (Rootes) Cobb, 19 pp. #00371, Series: "4. Diaries, 1801-1854." Folder 106
Records religious thoughts.
Diary entry (loose), 24 October 1815, Martha (Rootes) Cobb, 4 pp. #00371, Series: "4. Diaries, 1801-1854." Folder 106
Records religious thoughts.
Diary, 13 October 1814 to 30 January 1817, Martha (Rootes) Cobb, 48 pp. #00371, Series: "4. Diaries, 1801-1854." Folder 106
Records religious meditations and thoughts.
Diary 14 May 1816 to 10 September 1816, Martha (Rootes) Cobb, 20 pp. #00371, Series: "4. Diaries, 1801-1854." Folder 106
Records religious thoughts.
"A Diary of Scripture Promises or The Soul's Every Day Feast," 1818, Author unknown, 38 pp. #00371, Series: "4. Diaries, 1801-1854." Folder 106
Lists scriptural passages for reflection by day.
Diary entry (loose), 22 February 1821, Martha (Rootes) Cobb Jackson, 3 pp. #00371, Series: "4. Diaries, 1801-1854." Folder 106
Records religious thoughts.
Diary, ? May 1830 to 29 March 1831, Henry Rootes Jackson, 41 pp. #00371, Series: "4. Diaries, 1801-1854." Folder 106, Folder 107
Discusses daily life at the Jacksons' Halscot Plantations, including comings and goings and farm and other activities of his parents and sisters.
Diary, 4 June 1833 to 4 September 1834, Martha Rootes Jackson, 76 pp. #00371, Series: "4. Diaries, 1801-1854." Folder 106
Discusses daily life at the Halscot Plantation, including household and farm chores and leisure activities.
Diary, 13 May 1834 to 28 October 1835, Sarah Maria Rootes Jackson, 87 pp. #00371, Series: "4. Diaries, 1801-1854." Folder 106
Discusses daily life at the Halscot Plantation, including household and farm chores and leisure activities.
Diary, March 1837, Henry Rootes Jackson, 157 pp. (Diary 2 January 1854 to 26 April 1854, Sarah Rootes(Jackson) Prince, 58 pp. contained in same volume.) #00371, Series: "4. Diaries, 1801-1854." Folder 108
Written while he was a student at Yale, Henry Rootes Jackson's diary records mostly personal feelings and school notes. Many of his early poems are included. Sarah (Jackson) Prince's diary discusses family, plantation activities, and her religious feelings.
Diary entries (loose), Martha (Rootes) Cobb Jackson, 9 March 1834 and undated. 2 pp. #00371, Series: "4. Diaries, 1801-1854." Folder 109
Comments on Bible chapters read.
Diary entries (loose), 12 February 1844 and 27 February 1844, probably belonging to Martha (Rootes) Cobb Jackson, 2 pp. #00371, Series: "4. Diaries, 1801-1854." Folder 109
Records religious thoughts.
Diary, 10 March 1844 to 26 May 1845, Martha (Rootes) Cobb Jackson, 7 pp. #00371, Series: "4. Diaries, 1801-1854." Folder 109
Comments on sermons heard.
Diary, 1846, Martha (Rootes) Cobb Jackson, 10 pp. #00371, Series: "4. Diaries, 1801-1854." Folder 109
Comments on sermons heard.
Diary, undated, Martha (Rootes) Cobb Jackson, 15 pp. #00371, Series: "4. Diaries, 1801-1854." Folder 109
Records religious thoughts.
Diary, undated, probably Thomas Reade Rootes, 51 pp. #00371, Series: "4. Diaries, 1801-1854." Folder 109
(Labeled Laura B. Rootes, Federal Hill, but has only 4 pp. of doodling and calculations by her.) Offers opinions on a variety of topics, including women wearing men's clothes and sensuous overindulgence.
Arrangement: alphabetical by type.
Scientific notes and miscellaneous items collected by the Jackson and Rootes families. Notes on lectures Henry Jackson attended in France in 1816 and 1817 and on medical school and other classes Henry and James Jackson and others attended (around 1787-1788 and 1793-1794) cover the fields of medicine, botany, optics, physics, mathematics, and economics. Other items of scientific interest are articles and prospecti for medical journals and schools, Henry Jackson's notes on homeopathic medical remedies, and lectures and examinations he used in his teaching at Franklin College.
A variety of miscellaneous items appear, including writings, addresses, school materials, and clippings. Among the literary materials are a number of poems, manuscript and printed, by Thomas Reade Rootes Cobb, Henry Rootes Jackson, Martha (Jackson) Erwin, and others; a copy of the sheet music for "The Red Old Hills of Georgia," with lyrics by Henry Rootes Jackson; and a sketch by an unknown author entitled "Sentimental Journey Through the Pine Woods in Carolina." Several public addresses appear. Of interest is a 4 July 1832 presentation made by T. H. Guenebault before the Phi Kappa Society of Athens, probably at Franklin College.
School and other educational materials include French exercise books for Henry Rootes Jackson (1832) and Martha J. Jackson (1836); Henry Jackson's undated translation of Corinne; and Martha (Rootes) Cobb Jackson's undated, handwritten copy of a Roman history. Other miscellaneous items include prints of the Lucy Cobb Institute; line drawings of family members; word derivations; an art school advertisement; a recipe; an 1842 school report for Lucy Lea (niece of Martha Jackson); an 1870 description of an invention; a ticket to a lecture on animal magnetism; and a card for Miss Jane E. Terry. Nine broadsides appear, and include announcements of concerts, business circulars, campaign posters for Henry Lea (1843), and a circular of the American Baptist Society for Evangelizing the Jews (1845).
A copy of La Patria Illustria (1885, Mexico) with a picture of Henry Jackson, Minister of the United States in Mexico, on the front (oversize) and an undated handwritten copy of the "Rules of Procedures in the Senate and House of Representatives of the U.S., Remarks" also appear.
Among documents illuminating religious life are the constitution of the Female Mite Society of Athens and Vicinity (ca. 1818, Ga.), the minutes of the Trail Creek Sunday School Society (1819, Ga.), and an account a split within the Baptist Church of Savannah (1846).
Clippings are all obituaries, except for an 1886 letter to the editor of an unidentified paper by Henry Rootes Jackson thanking the Americans in Mexico for a tribute they had paid him.
Thirteen photographs of unidentified family members and one unidentified photograph of a house.
|Special Format Image SF-P-371/12|
Personal and business correspondence of Oliver Hillhouse Prince, family correspondence of his wife Sarah Jackson Prince, and personal correspondence of his children, especially his daughter Basiline, and of Basiline's cousin Margaret P. Hillhouse.
Personal and business correspondence of Oliver Hillhouse Prince from his youth through his editorship of the Georgia Telegraph and his service in the Mexican War. Prince's primary correspondent between 1830 and 1843 was his uncle and guardian, Washington Poe. Letters exchanged while Prince was a student at Dr. Beaman's School (Milledgeville, Ga.) and Yale College (Va.) often concern his education, finances, and career plans. Prince also received scattered letters from friends.
Most of the correspondence for 1844 through early 1847 concerns state and national politics. As a newspaper editor, Prince received frequent reports regarding the issues of the day, including James K. Polk's defeat of Henry Clay, the annexation of Texas, and the onset of the Mexican War. Letters from friends and contacts often comment on the political climate of various regions, provide results of local elections, and give personal insights into local and national politics. Prince also received routine office and scattered personal correspondence during these years. John B. Lamar and Sam Ray were the friends who wrote most often. Of note for the year 1845 are two letters (5 May and 5 June) concerning Prince's hiring of a slave named Jefferson to work in his print shop.
No correspondence appears for 1846, and only five letters appear for the years 1847 to 1849. These concern family, Prince's role in the army, and politics. No letters appear for 1850 through 1851. Undated correspondence for this period includes discussion of Oliver's education, politics, and family news.
Almost all family correspondence with scattered business letters. Between 1852 and 1858 the bulk of the correspondence belongs to Sarah (Jackson) Prince. Frequent writers were her cousins Mary Ann Cobb and Laura Battaile Cobb, her mother Martha (Rootes) Cobb Jackson, and her nephew Joseph Jackson. Topics include Sarah's marriage, family news and events, religious happenings, and daily plantation life. The handful of letters received by Oliver Prince for this period concern politics, family news, and plantation affairs.
A gap appears in the correspondence for 1859 and for 1861 and 1862, followed by scattered letters for 1863 and 1864. These include correspondence between Prince and his wife and children, especially his daughter Basiline, while he worked conscripting soldiers in Baker County and his family resided in Bath (outside Augusta). The letters express Prince's anxiety about his family's safety and report developments of the war. Several business letters also appear.
For the late 1860s through the mid-1870s most of the letters are those exchanged between Oliver, Sarah, and Basiline, while Oliver lived on his plantation in Macon and his family resided in Bath, and later while Basiline and Marie Jacqueline lived in Atlanta. These letters often concern religion, farming, education, freedmen, and postwar fears and hardships. Of special note is a 24 September 1869 letter to Prince from W. H. Sparks concerning the circumstances surrounding the 1825 Georgia gubernatorial election.
Mostly the correspondence of Basiline Prince and her cousin Margaret P. Hillhouse. Both women exhibited a passion for genealogical research and wrote frequently to near and distant relatives of the Prince, Hillhouse, Cobb, Jackson, King, Green, Bulloch, Thomas, and other families concerning their lineage. Basiline also carried on personal correspondence with her family, including her father, her sister Marie Jacqueline, her brothers Oliver and Henry, her cousin Mildred Lewis Rutherford, and various other cousins. Almost all the correspondence between 1918 and 1926 belongs to Margaret Hillhouse and concerns family genealogy.
The financial and legal papers of Oliver H. Prince, including scattered legal papers of his father and of Washington Poe. The financial papers consist mostly of bills and receipts. They include Prince's personal accounts with clothiers, sundries merchants, and others for the periods 1841 through 1843, 1847 through 1849, and 1863 through 1871. (Those for 1847 through 1849 reflect Prince's participation in the Mexican War.) Also included are business accounts for the Georgia Telegraph, 1844-1847, and Prince's plantation accounts with merchants and cotton factors, 1850-1858. For additional information on Prince's plantation finances, see Subcollection 1, Series 2, which documents his dealings with Martha (Rootes) Cobb Jackson. Some documents belonging to Prince may have also been filed there since ownership was not clear.
Legal documents include deeds, legal agreements, loan papers, and other items pertaining primarily to Prince. Of note is a prenuptial property agreement made between Prince and his future wife Sarah Jackson in 1852. A few papers belong to Prince's father (also named Oliver H. Prince), and to Washington Poe, who served as executor of the elder Prince's will.
Genealogical notes and materials, clippings, magazines, pamphlets, and miscellaneous items collected by Prince family members.
Notes, clippings, and publications related to the genealogy of the Cobb, Jackson, Jacqueline, Prince, Hillhouse, King, Thornton, Thomas, Green, Rutherford, Barrington, Griswold, Cary, and other related Virginia and Georgia families.
Copious data and notes on family genealogy compiled principally by Basiline Prince and Margaret Hillhouse. Included are detailed genealogical charts, biographical information, and family anecdotes. Considerable additional genealogical information can be found in the correspondence of these two women in Subseries 7.4.
Of particular value is a notebook by Basiline Prince containing genealogical data and handwritten transcriptions of letters and legal documents dating from 1784 to 1814. The transcriptions include the will of Joseph Webber, Henry Jackson's maternal grandfather; correspondence of Henry Jackson with his family; and letters written to Henry's brother Abraham, mostly from family members. Topics of interest are Tom Paine in England, Indian wars in Georgia, an 1803 treaty with the Creek Indians, the issue of paper money, the War of 1812, and Georgia politics. A few of the transcriptions duplicate letters filed in the collection, which are in a rapid state of deterioration.
Clippings and historical and genealogical magazines and pamphlets. The bulk of the clippings cover the 1890s through the 1920s and chiefly concern members of the Prince, Thomas, Jackson, and Cobb families. Several clippings, taken primarily from the Daily Georgian, appear from the 1830s and 1840s. They include editorials, poems, and miscellaneous articles. A few clippings appearing after the 1920s pertain to Jordan S. Thomas of Charlotte, N.C. (husband of Marie Jacqueline Prince), and one clipping from 1947 relates to Henry Rootes Jackson.
Miscellaneous political and family items. Of interest is a scrapbook kept by Oliver H. Prince, which contains copies of letters, genealogical charts, original letters, clippings, pictures, and other miscellaneous items. In addition to the scrapbook, several items clipped from newspapers, most likely by Oliver Prince, appear concerning political issues. Of note is a series of 1845 clippings from the Daily Georgian about the slavery issue, and an 1862 clipping of a letter Prince sent to an unidentified newspaper concerning the 1825 Troup-Clark contest for governor. Other clippings pertain to politics in the Reconstruction period.
Additional items of political significance are election returns for the 8th district (Baker County, Ga.) probably from the year 1857; a U.S. Senate speech on the tariff issue (1844) delivered by Mr. McDuffie; and an undated handwritten editorial entitled "The State of Government," possibly for use in the Georgia Telegraph.
Other papers include the Prince childrens' school reports and Basiline's early compositions, cards (post, greeting, and calling), and travel maps, brochures, and souvenir ribbons Basiline collected on trips to Virginia (for the Jamestown Exposition of 1907), to Florida (for the Key West Over-the-Sea Railroad Celebration in 1912), to Moretonhampstead, England, and to Wales. Materials from the eulogy presented for Basiline Prince upon her death in 1924 also appear. Also included are Marie Jacqueline (Prince) Thomas's catechism book (1868) and marriage license (1884), and an undated typescript description by Jordan S. Thomas of two Glynn County plantations, Altama and Hopeton, being considered for development as a sportsman's retreat.
Image Folder 2-4
Processed by: Manuscripts Department Staff.
Encoded by: Jackie Dean, August 2007Back to Top