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This collection was rehoused under the sponsorship of a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities, Office of Preservation, Washington, D.C., 1990-1992.
|Abstract||Robert A. Jones was a resident of Halifax County, N.C. The collection includes personal accounts of Jones of Halifax County, N.C.; accounts for his ward; and accounts he kept as treasurer for the county poor wardens, 1820-1822.|
|Creator||Jones, Robert A., fl. 1817-1828.|
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Robert A. Jones (fl. 1817-1829) was a cotton planter and large landholder in Halifax County, N.C., where he served as treasurer of the Wardens of the Poor and treasurer of the Roanoke Navigation Company. Jones owned property and slaves elsewhere in North Carolina as well, including Bertie and Wake counties. Plantations he either owned or helped manage included the Grove, Occaneeche, New Hope, and Indian Woods. He appears also to have operated a paper mill outside Raleigh, N.C., and a blacksmith shop in Halifax. Between 1817 and 1826, Jones served as guardian for Willie W. Jones, who was possibly his nephew. Willie was the son of Mrs. Mary Montfort Jones, for whom Robert Jones acted as estate administrator after her death in 1825. In 1823, Jones was also appointed estate administrator for James Johnston (d. 1821), former postmaster of Halifax County, who died intestate.Back to Top
Robert Jones's account book, 1817-1829, provides extensive information on his personal and household expenses and his management of several plantations in Halifax, Bertie, and Wake counties, N.C. In addition to his own properties, he managed those of his ward, Willie W. Jones, of Bertie County, between 1817-1826; those of Willie's mother, Mary Montfort Jones, whose estate he administered after her death in 1825; and those of James Johnston of Halifax, whose estate he was appointed by a commission to administer in 1823. Accounts are mostly with merchants, artisans, doctors and midwives, overseers, and laborers. Only limited information appears on Jones's other business activities, which included operating a paper mill and blacksmith shop and acting as treasurer of the Roanoke Navigation Company. The account book is an especially rich source on slaves and free black laborers, providing lists of slaves by owner, notes on the hiring out of slaves, and accounts for wages paid, monies lent, and goods sold free workers. It also records charitable amounts Jones gave to free blacks and slaves. His entries usually indicate racial distinctions, such as mulatto and Indian, and age groups, giving some indication of the makeup of the local population of Halifax.
The account book is also useful for reconstructing Jones's daily amusements and private charity in Halifax. He faithfully recorded his gambling activities, reading materials he purchased, and expenditures he made for entertainments ranging from subscription balls, to the circus, to Punch and Judy shows. As treasurer, he also kept the accounts, 1820-1823, for the Wardens of the Poor for Halifax County.
Other entries include property inventories and personal notes and observations. Plantations documented include Occaneeche, the Grove, Indian Woods, and New Hope. The precise locations of these plantations is not clear.
Account book, 1817-1829, containing 432 pages of entries documenting the personal, household, plantation, and business finances of Robert A. Jones, as well as his guardianship of Willie W. Jones, his administration of the estates of Mary Montfort Jones and James Johnston, and the finances of the Wardens of the Poor of Halifax County. A number of slave lists and property inventories appear in the volume.
Jones kept personal and household accounts with grocers and dry goods merchants, hatters, weavers, tailors, shoemakers, barbers, and doctors. Personal accounts also appear for electioneering and travel expenses, literary and newspaper subscriptions, monies lent, and individual charitable contributions. Jones often recorded the recipients of his personal charity by race. Of note in his personal accounts are expenditures for many popular entertainments of the day, including gambling (cards, cockfighting, horse racing, and lotteries), the circus, subscriptions to balls and the Jockey Club, and admission to Punch and the Devil shows. Other personal expenditures he made were for subscriptions to the Bible Society and for the preaching of a Reverend Wright.
Jones's plantation and business accounts are mostly with commission and hardware merchants, overseers, hired hands, and other planters for the hire of their slaves. Accounts with Richard Carter, overseer at New Hope Plantation in 1822 and 1825, appear on pages 341 and 387-388. Accounts with Solomon Griffin, overseer at Indian Woods Plantation in 1818 and 1824, and Jonathan Skiles, overseer at an unknown location in 1818, appear on pages 129-130 and 385-386. Accounts with Micajah Griffin, overseer in 1821, appear on pages 309-310. Listed between pages 329-334 are accounts with "Mulatto Labourers." Many accounts also appear with slave midwives; veterinarians; artisans, such as blacksmiths, cabinetmakers, and waggoners; and independent businessmen, such as well diggers, auctioneers, and surveyors. Jones also recorded monies spent for taxes and for the purchase of slaves, livestock, cotton seed, cotton for resale, and coal, which was used in his blacksmithing concern. Other business accounts are for deposits to the Newbern Bank and for stocks held in the Roanoke Navigation Company (p. 165 and 397) and the Halifax Bridge Company (p. 398). Of note is an undated inventory (p. 183-184) of land, slaves, town properties, and stocks Jones owned.
Business accounts Jones maintained for his ward, Willie W. Jones, appear mostly on pages 105-106, 207-209, 343-352, 389-396, and 401-412. Covering the years 1817 to 1826, these accounts record expenditures made on Willie's behalf and arrangements for the hire of slaves owned by Willie in Bertie County. Included are several slave lists giving ages and number of children. Jones often made copious notes on his decisions about hiring out slaves, as well as on his other financial actions.
Entries Jones made in his account book as administrator for the estates of Mary Montfort Jones and James Johnston include slave lists, inventories of property, accounts, and copies of memoranda and other legal papers. Entries for Mary Jones appear between pages 413-430. Entries for Johnston appear on pages 373-376 and 417-418.
Accounts Jones kept as treasurer of the Wardens of the Poor for Halifax County appear between 1820 and 1823. Pages 189-197, 361-362, and 369-370 list names and amounts contributed either by or to individuals.
Scattered notes to himself in the volume concern bookkeeping techniques, his thoughts on his spending habits, the purposes of his personal charity (e.g., he gave $10 to E. Wade "to start him in the World"), and comments on the character of individuals with whom he dealt. Two enclosures are one receipt from Richard Carter, dated 27 January 1826, for timber sawed and one undated page of miscellaneous calculations.Back to Top
Processed by: Jill Snider, May 1992
Encoded by: ByteManagers Inc., 2008
This collection was rehoused under the sponsorship of a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities, Office of Preservation, Washington, D.C., 1990-1992.Back to Top