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|Size||6.0 feet of linear shelf space (approximately 10,700 items)|
|Abstract||Field notes and related items produced between 1945 and 1957 by researchers in a project sponsored by the Institute for Research in Social Science at the University of North Carolina. The notes were made during anthropological field work among residents of Avery County, N.C.; Brewton, Selma, and Camden, Ala.; and York County, S.C. Areas explored included technology, housing, food, labor, religion, community structure, and folklore.|
The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.
Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.
In 1946, the Institute for Research in Social Science at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, received a grant from the Rosenwald Fund to support a series of studies of the contemporary culture of the American South. This project was directed by John Gillin, professor of Anthropology at UNC. The following description of the project is based on Research in Service to Society: The First Fifty Years of the Institute for Research in Social Science at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill by Guy Benton Johnson and Guion Griffis Johnson (Chapel Hill: UNC Press, 1980), pages 153-154.
Five communities, representing five different subcultural areas, were chosen for study. One of these, a North Carolina coastal community on Core Sound, was to be studied by Gillin himself. Doctoral candidates were responsible for the field work in the other communities. Vladimir Hartman studied a North Carolina mountain community, Morton Rubin was responsible for the study of a Deep South plantation community in Alabama, while Charles Peavy dealt with a "piney woods" community in southern Alabama. The fifth area was a textile town in Piedmont South Carolina, to which three scholars were assigned. Kenneth Morland studied the mill community, Ralph C. Patrick, Jr., studied the town itself, and Hylan Lewis, a young black sociologist from Atlanta University, observed the ways of the black people of the town. In addition, Gillin planned to write a summary volume on the culture of the modern South.
Although the whole series was not published as planned, the project resulted in a number of excellent dissertations and in several significant publications. Morton Rubin's Plantation County was published in 1951, Hylan Lewis's Blackways of Kent in 1955, and Kenneth Morland's Millways of Kent in 1958. Hartman's work resulted in his 1957 doctoral dissertation, "A Cultural Study of a Mountain Community in Western North Carolina." Ralph Clinton Patrick's disseration, "A Cultural Approach to Social Stratification," (Harvard University, 1954) was also a result of this work. Gillin's heavy involvement in other researches, particularly his studies of Latin American culture, plus his departure for the University of Pittsburgh in 1959, prevented the completion of the projected summary volume on the culture of the South. A paper that he published in 1951 in collaboration with Emmett J. Murphy, entitled "Notes on Southern Culture Patterns," was indicative of what such a volume would have attempted to do. The article presented the results of the field workers' efforts to delineate the content of the southern subcultures. A checklist headed "Some Characteristic Traits in Areas of the South," covering over two hundred items under such categories as technology, housing, food, labor, stratification, and religion, was used to determine the presence or absence of a given trait in each of the five subcultures. The tentative conclusion was that "it is impossible to say what is distinctively Southern with any degree of finality."Back to Top
This collection consists almost entirely of notes based on interviews and observations made in the field by six of the seven Modern Culture of the South project researchers. Gillin's own planned field work was never conducted.
Most of the notes apparently were transcribed from recordings made by the researchers at the end of each day's field work. They refer primarily to conversations the researchers had with individuals in the communities being studied. The notes include much detail not included in the works based on them. The actual names of places, institutions, and individuals, for example, are used in the notes but not in the books.
The notes are on 4 x 6 sheets and constitute Series 1 of the collection. Series 2 consists of a travel notes by John Gillin and a few other miscellaneous project-related items. Series 3 consists of 33 photographs made by researchers in York, S.C., and in the area around Selma and Camden, Ala.Back to Top
Researchers divided this material into seven sets of 4 x 6 sheets. These sets have been maintained and are designated subseries 1.1.-1.7. Within each subseries, most sheets are arranged according to the following system of numbered subject categories. Descriptions are taken from a key filed at the beginning of subseries 1.1. Note that interpretation of these categories as well as use of subcategories varied from researcher to researcher.
Note that some slips probably are not in the proper category due to disordering before receipt at the Southern Historical Collection. Because the proper category is not clear in the case of some slips, their order was left largely unchanged during processing.
|Card File CF-4214/1||
Field Notes by Vladimir Hartman: Avery County, N.C. #04214, Series: "1. Research Notes, 1947-1949." CF-4214/1
Notes on "the Mountaineer South." The last 400 slips are uncategorized; most constitute a narrative of Hartman's activities and observations in Newland, county seat of Avery County, June-August 1947.
|Card File CF-4214/2||
Field Notes by Charles Peavey: Brewton, Ala. #04214, Series: "1. Research Notes, 1947-1949." CF-4214/2
Notes on "the Pineywoods South." At the end of the file, there is a 14-sheet speech by Peavey on conditions in the Brewton area.
|Card File CF-4214/3||
Field Notes by Morton Rubin: Camden and Selma, Ala. #04214, Series: "1. Research Notes, 1947-1949." CF-4214/3
Notes on "the Plantation Country South." The first 49 slips are "personality sketches" of selected citizens of Camden, black and white.
|Card File CF-4214/4||
Field Notes by John Kenneth Morland: York, S.C.(I) #04214, Series: "1. Research Notes, 1947-1949." CF-4214/4
Notes on mill workers in the community. At the back of this file, there is an alphabetical list of persons interviewed and slips that contain the results of Rorschach tests given to 55 individuals in 1949.
|Card File CF-4214/5||
Field Notes by John Kenneth Morland: York, S.C.(II) #04214, Series: "1. Research Notes, 1947-1949." CF-4214/5
More notes on mill workers, probably by John Kenneth Morland.
|Card File CF-4214/6||
Notes reference the work by Ralph Patrick on town people and by John Kenneth Morland on the mill community.
|Card File CF-4214/7||
Notes on town people.
Includes one folder containing other items relating to the project. There are also copies of the published versions of three books that derived from the field work of the Modern Culture project, and photographs taken in York, S.C., and Selma/Camden, Ala.
One folder, containing travel notes by John Gillin, a newspaper clipping, genealogical charts, church programs, a letter from Kenneth Morland to John Gillin, pencil sketches by Morton Rubin of Plantation Country, and other items relating to the project.
|Extra Oversize Paper Folder X-OP-4214/1|
Extra-oversize papers (X-OP-F/4214/1)Back to Top