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|Size||5.0 feet of linear shelf space (approximately 2000 items)|
|Abstract||Archibald Lee Manning Wiggins of Hartsville, S.C., was a businessman; banker and, in 1943, president of the American Bankers Association; undersecretary of the U.S. Treasury, 1947-1948; in the 1950s, chairman of the board of the Atlantic Coast Line Railroad and the Louisville and Nashville Railroad and director of the American Telephone and Telegraph Company; and an officer and active participant in many charitable and educational organizations. Correspondence, speeches and articles by Wiggins, and other materials relating to Wiggins's work with the Atlantic Coast Line and Louisville and Nashville railroads, 1948-1962; the American Telephone and Telegraph Company, 1948-1952; the American Bankers Association, 1938-1953; the National Society for Crippled Children, 1950s; the Horace Williams Philosophical Society, 1946-1947; and other organizations.|
|Creator||Wiggins, A. L. M. (Archibald Lee Manning), 1891-|
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Archibald Lee Manning Wiggins (1891-1981) was born in Durham, North Carolina, the son of Archie Lee and Margaret London Council Wiggins. In 1913, he graduated from the University of North Carolina. Two years later he married Pauline Lawton of Hartsville, South Carolina. The Wiggins family settled in Hartsville where Lee Wiggins began a business partnership with David R. Coker (1870-1933). Coker developed the Pedigreed Seed Company with the assistance of Wiggins (see The Encyclopedia of Southern History, 1979). By 1938, Wiggins had served as treasurer and business manager of the company, as well as general manager of J. L. Coker & Company, and organizer of Coker's Wholesale Company.
In addition to his ties with Coker, Wiggins held several positions with the Bank of Hartsville and purchased a publishing company that published The Hartsville Messenger. Wiggins also served as president of the Southern Retail Merchants Conference in Richmond. During the Depression, he was president of the South Carolina Independent Merchants Association, the South Carolina Bankers Association, and the South Carolina Federation of Commerce, Agriculture and Industry. He was also a member of the Federal Reserve Council and chairman of the Deposit Liquidation Committee for South Carolina.
In 1941, Wiggins started a seventeen-year tenure as a lecturer at the Graduate School of Banking at Rutgers University. Two years later, he was elected president of the American Bankers Association. From 1942 until 1960, Wiggins was a member of the A.B.A.'s committee on governmental borrowing. Shortly after World War II, Wiggins severed all business connections and resigned from his numerous positions to become undersecretary of the United States Treasury, an office he held from January 1947 until July 1948. Wiggins returned to private business as the chairman of the Board of Directors of the Atlantic Coast Line Railroad and Louisville and Nashville Railroad Companies, and director of the American Telephone and Telegraph Company. At the age of seventy, Wiggins retired from the railroad post but continued to fill various advisory roles.
Throughout his life, Wiggins dedicated much of his time, money, and financial expertise to a variety of charities and public service organizations, including the American Cancer Society, the American Red Cross, and state and national crippled children societies. He was greatly concerned with the quality of ducation in the South, donating money to his alma mater, serving as chairman of the Darlington County Board of Education from 1934 to 1942, chairing the South Carolina governor's task force on education, and holding membership in the Horace Williams Society.
For all of Wiggins's accomplishments and contributions he received a wealth of awards and honorary degrees. In 1940, he earned a certificate for distinguised service to agriculture from the Clemson Agricultural College (Clemson University). Coker College of South Carolina presented him with the Algernon Sydney Award. Additionally, he accepted honorary degrees from Campbell College, Duke University, and the Universities of North Carolina and South Carolina. Finally, in 1971, he was inducted into the Wisdom Hall of Fame.Back to Top
Over half of these papers are items received or generated by A. L. M. Wiggins, 1935-1960. This material includes letters, notes, reports, newspaper clippings, telegrams, and speeches concerning various business and governmental pursuits of Wiggins. Almost all the letters written by Wiggins are typed carbon copies. Along with his many corporate interests, this collection contains material on the development of the South Carolina educational system, crippled children societies, donations to the University of North Carolina, and membership in the Horace Williams Society.
This collection does not have any material related to Wiggin's early life in North Carolina, at the University of North Carolina, or as a young businessman in Hartsville, South Carolina. There are very few letters from family members, and no information concerning his involvement with the American Cancer Society or the American Red Cross. Also, the collection holds nothing covering his role as an educator at Rutgers University, and few items concerning his position as undersecretary of the Treasury.
Along with this group of materials housed at the Southern Historical Collection, other papers of A. L. M. Wiggins are held at the Hartsville, South Carolina Historical Society and the University of Louisville's collection of Louisville & Nashville Railroad Records. Further information on Wiggins may be found in his autobiography titled the Autobiography of A. Lee M. Wiggins (Columbia, S.C.: R. L. Bryan Co., circa 1969).
Materials relating to the Atlantic Coast Line Railroad and other ventures. Also personal correspondence.
Albemarle Papers Manufacturing Company, 1956
ALICO Land Development Corporation, 1962 (2 folders)
American Bankers Association, 1948-1954
American Telephone and Telegraph, 1954-1957 (5 folders)
Atlantic Coast Line Railroad
Hartsville Office, 1953-1955
New building, 1958-1960
Miscellaneous (2 folders)
Atlantic Land and Improvement Company, 1951-1958 (3 folders)
Carolina Power and Light Company, 1958
Kingsport, Tenn., 1951-1952
Lawton, Joe and Edgar, 1948-1957
Peninsula and Occidental Steamship Company, 1949-1958
Personal Correspondence, 1952-1953 (2 folders)
Public Relations, 1958 (2 folders)
South Carolina Governor's Tax Advisory Committee, 1951-1955 (8 folders)
South Carolina Reorganization Committee, 1948-1954
United States Chamber of Commerce, 1949-195Back to Top
See also addition of August 1992.
Chiefly correspondence between senior officials of the company in New York City and Wiggins in Hartsville, South Carolina, and minutes of the meetings of the Board of Directors. Discussion topics include confidential letters related to stockholders' meetings and employee management relations. Among the noteworthy persons writing to Wiggins are Carroll Owen Bickelhaupt (1888 1954), Cleo F. Craig, Hal Stephens Dumas (b. 1914), Arthur C. Flatto, and Sealand Whitney Landon (b. 1896).
Mostly correspondence generated by Wiggins and other top officials of the Louisville and Nashville Railroad and Atlantic Coast Line Railroad Companies. Other correspondence concerns the Transportation Association of America and the Standard and Poors Corporation's assessment of the railway industry. The bulk of this material discusses stock options, profits and losses, the outlook of railroad companies in America, arrangements for meetings, distribution of free transportation passes to business officials, reports on operations, and a dinner in honor of Wiggins.
Some of the noteworthy correspondencts are: Donald Deans Conn (1894-1954), Robert Vedden Fleming (1890-1967), James Spencer Love (1896-1962), Thomas J. Groom (1899-1963), Percival Huntington Whaley (1880-1963), John Ringling North (b. 1903), Henry O. Havemeyer (1876-1965), John E. Tilford, Buford Scott, William Hersey Kendall (b. 1910), Harold Holmes Helm (b. 1900), Albert Carleton, Jr. (1902-1963), and Robert Edward McNeill, Jr. (b. 1906).
Mainly correspondence of A. L. M. Wiggins during his tenure as president of the American Bankers Association and his continued participation in that organization. The activities discussed include campaign literature from candidates running for offices in the A.B.A., publication of banking articles, travel plans, and the political positions of the A.B.A. concerning Federal legislation. Prominent correspondents include Eugene Christian Zorn, Jr. (b. 1916), Everett D. Resse (b. 1898), and Harold Stonier (1890-1957).
Correspondence and reports concerning Wiggins's involvement in the South Carolina and National Crippled Children and Adults Societies. Other correspondence is from related organizations discussing international cooperation. This material covers fund raising, building construction, and meetings. Notable correspondents include Edgar Kobak (1895-1962), Lawrence J. Linck (b. 1908), William Thomas Sanger, George Bell Timmerman, Jr., and Dean Winn Roberts (b. 1914).
Chiefly correspondence between Wiggins and Otho B. Ross, Sr., Floyd Miller, and J. Maryon "Spike" Saunders, concerning the Horace William Society. These letters discuss arrangement of meetings, membership, and publication of articles on Horace Williams.
Chiefly correspondence and newspaper clippings concerning Wiggins's support for student aid in South Carolina, higher education, and the General Alumni Association and Business Foundation at UNC. The South Carolina items mention the Fiscal Survey Commission and its impact on education, the 1962 State Advisory Commission on Higher Education, North Greenville Junior College, and South Carolina Student Aid Funds, Inc. The UNC material concerns financial contributions, business-education relations, the Order of the Golden Fleece, and the UNC Class of 1913. Notables in this subseries include William Brantley Aycock, Preston H. Epps, Fenton Keyes (b. 1915), Robert B. House, and Thomas Best, Jr.
An assortment of letters touching on a variety of Wiggins's scholarly, financial, philanthropic, and religious interests. these items include material on a South Carolina task force to explore revenue problems, research foundations, and charities. The letters discussing the Harry S. Truman Scholarship Fund are from John Wesley Snyder (b. 1895), former U. S. Secretary of the Treasury.
Chiefly speeches presented by Wiggins in his capacities as a banker, head of the South Carolina and National ABA, advisor to the Federal Government, and undersecretary of the Treasury. In addition, there are a few related articles about or by Wiggins. These lectures and articles discuss banking during wartime, interest rates, the impact of new legislation, economic deterrents to growth, and the influence of the economy on the banking industry. Requests for copies of some of these speeches may be found in folder 119.
A variety of speeches and articles presented by Wiggins on issues in education, philosophy, religion, agriculture, charities, railroads, and politics. Many speeches relate particularly to the South, especially South Carolina and Hartsville. Requests for copies of some of these speeches may be found in folder 119.
An assortment of letters, interviews, newspaper clippings, carbon copies of correspondence, photographs, and reports covering politics, the Wisdom Hall of Fame, the U. S. Treasury, and personal matters. Many of the personal letters are requests for speeches. Political items discuss support for Franklin D. Roosevelt. Correspondents of the political papers include Sam Rayburn (1882-1961), and James Francis Byrnes (b. 1879).
Processed by: Benjamin H. Trask, July 1987 and subsequent additions
Encoded by: ByteManagers Inc., 2008Back to Top