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|Size||177.0 feet of linear shelf space (approximately 70000 items)|
|Abstract||Materials documenting the congressional career of Ike Franklin Andrews, a Democrat who represented North Carolina's Fourth Congressional District from 1972 to 1984. For all or part of this period, the Fourth District included Chatham, Franklin, Randolph, and Wake counties. These papers consist largely of constituent correspondence, office files, and campaign materials. Topics documented include relations between constituents and federal agencies, federal projects in Andrews's district, and public policy areas in which Andrews took a special interest, especially agriculture, education, health, veterans' affairs, and the aged. Files of constituent correspondence on such issues as abortion, the Watergate scandal, busing for school integration, and women's rights also are included.|
|Creator||Andrews, Ike Franklin, 1925-|
The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.
Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.
2 September 1925 Ike Franklin Andrews born in Bonlee, Chatham County, North Carolina, the son of Archie F. and Ina (Dunlap) Andrews
1943-1945 Served in the United States Army as a field artillery forward observer in the European theatre during World War II. Awarded the Bronze Star and the Purple Heart in 1944
1950 Received B.S. degree in Commerce from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
1952 Received LL.B. degree from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
1952-1972 Partner in law firm of Andrews and Stone in Siler City, North Carolina
1959-1961 Served in the North Carolina Senate
1961-1963, Served in the North Carolina House of
1967-1973 Representatives. From 1971 to 1973, Andrews was the majority leader and Speaker pro tempore
1973-1984 Served six consecutive terms as a Democrat in the United States House of Representatives from North Carolina's Fourth Congressional District. Served on Committee on Education and Labor; Subcommittee on Human Resources and served as Chairman, 1977-1984; Sub committee on Elementary, Secondary and Vocational Education; Subcommittee on Post-Secondary Education; Select Committee on Aging; and Subcommittee on Health and Long-Term Care
1985- Partner in the law firm of Jordan, Price, Wall, Gray, and JonesBack to Top
These papers consist of 118 boxes, containing approximately 70,600 items, documenting Andrews's role in Congress. The Fourth District, which Andrews represented, consisted of Chatham, Franklin, Randolph, and Wake counties, and, for the latter part of his congressional career, Orange County.
Of approximately 149 boxes of material received, one-fifth (31 boxes), consisting of printed material, duplicates, and routine materials, were discarded during processing. Other types of material were sampled (see individual series descriptions for details). These papers consist of two major divisions: the 1973-1980 material, found chiefly in Series 1-4 and 6-10 and filed by record type; and the 1980-1984 computer files, Series 5, in which all documents are arranged sequentially by accession or voucher number according to the order in which they were received. The majority of the papers consists of general correspondence, legislative files, and computer files.
The materials are arranged in ten series and nine subseries as listed below. The arrangement of material within each series/subseries largely follows ordering schemes established by Andrews's staff in Washington, D.C.Back to Top
Chiefly correspondence between Andrews and constituents about non-legislative matters. Also included is a small amount of correspondence between Andrews and other legislators and federal and state officials; correspondence from out-of-state; and reports, printed materials, and other enclosures to letters.
Arrangement, established by the Congressman's staff, is by congressional term, and, within each term, alphabetical by subject.
This series was sampled extensively during processing. Routine files were not retained. For a complete list of discarded files, consult the staff.
These letters concern topics such as agriculture, defense, education, energy, environment, foreign policy, health, labor, social security, and veterans' affairs. The majority of correspondents are citizens of the Fourth District, expressing their concerns about defense, health, education, labor, trade policies, and government agencies such as the departments of Health, Education, and Welfare; Housing and Urban Development; State; and the Veteran's Administration. Notable files pertain to agriculture, education, health, and veterans' affairs, which were major areas of interest of Andrews and his constituents. Of the 1979-1980 material, the "A-B" files and some "C" files are missing. These files were never received by the Southern Historical Collection.
For additional general correspondence, 1980-1984, see Series 5.
Primarily correspondence between Andrews and constituents pertaining to various legislative matters. There is additional correspondence with federal officials and other members of Congress; a small amount of correspondence from out-of-state residents; and some background material (mostly printed or committee materials used by the Andrews staff to prepare responses to letters).
Arrangement, established by the Congressman's staff, is by congressional term, and within each term by subject. The contents of each folder are usually in reverse chronological order. For additional details concerning arrangement, see the folder list that follows.
This subseries, which was sampled extensively during processing, consists largely of correspondence. This correspondence pertains to issues of national, regional, or local importance, and includes subjects in which Andrews had a particular interest. For a complete list of discarded files, consult the staff.
The majority of correspondents expressed support or opposition to particular pieces of legislation. Andrews usually responded by discussing the issue, explaining his position, and by thanking the correspondent for writing. Responses are usually attached to incoming letters. Topics most typically addressed are the economy, education, energy, environment, foreign policy, government, health, social security, and taxes. Other significant files relate to abortion (see also birth control), amnesty, busing, civil rights, congressional reform, equal rights, gun control, the Panama Canal Treaty (see Territories and Possessions of U.S.), prayer in schools (see Civil Rights: General, for early years), and veterans' affairs.
Files of particular interest include "Impeachment," "Immunity for Nixon," "Special Prosecutor," and "Vice-President Nomination and Confirmation." In addition, several files from 1975 through 1980 convey Andrews's concern about older Americans and his interest and commitment to legislation for improved education. For specific information, see "Health, Education, and Welfare," "Social Security," and files related to similar topics.
For additional legislative correspondence, 1980-1984, see Series 5.
Correspondence, printed material, newspaper clippings, and other material documenting Andrews's committee and subcommittee assignments.
Arrangement, imposed during processing and similar to the filing system used by Andrews's staff for the 1981 through 1984 files, is by name of committee and, under each, alphabetical by name of subcommittee. Committee and subcommittee materials precede that of task forces. For additional details concerning arrangement, see the folder list that follows.
The majority of these files pertain to Andrews's service on the Education and Labor Committee. Andrews also served as Chairman of the Subcommittee on Human Resources, 1977-1984. No files for this subcommittee exist here. See Series 5: Computer Files for possible material pertaining to this subcommittee. Other materials pertain to the Select Committee on Aging and the Ethics Committee.
Committee files include correspondence between members, agendas, statements of purpose, memos, bills, notes by Andrews and his staff, reports, committee testimony, transcriptions of hearings, printed materials, press releases, and correspondence from constituents and various interest groups.
For additional committee files, 1980-1984, see Series 5.
Bills and related materials for the 93rd-98th Congresses. These files consist chiefly of bills sponsored or co-sponsored by Andrews, bills discussed by committees on which he served, and other bills in which he or North Carolina constituents had an interest. Also included are files documenting Andrews's voting record in the House, 1973-1984.
Arrangement, imposed during processing for the 93rd and 94th Congresses, is by year of Congress, and within each Congress, by bill number. Subsequent bill files are arranged chronologically by year. However, the 98th Congress files include some bills filed by bill number. Bill files precede the voting records.
The majority of these files document Andrews's activities in the 93rd, 94th, and 98th Congresses. It is unclear whether the Congressman's staff discontinued the practice of retaining bill files or if the bill files for the 95th, 96th, and 97th congresses are incomplete.
Files include primarily copies of bills. In addition, there are amendments to bills suggested by various Congressmen; correspondence between members of Congress, especially "dear colleague" letters; some correspondence from lobbyists and other interested individuals; committee correspondence; "mark ups" of bills and testimony; press releases; and a few notes made by Andrews and his staff.
Bills of particular interest in the 93rd Congress are H Con Res 368, HR 670, and HJR 805, relating to Watergate and Richard M. Nixon's possible impeachment. Legislation of local interest includes HR 9611, concerning changing the name of New Hope Lake to Jordan Lake, and student loans. Legislation of the 94th, 95th, and 98th Congresses relates chiefly to issues concerning education and older Americans. Check folder lists under all Congresses for local issues such as dams and power plants.
For additional material relating to bills, see Series 5.
District office files consist of material pertaining to state, regional, and local concerns, college and university grants, and miscellaneous projects that were of special interest to Andrews's district. These files include constituent correspondence, correspondence between Andrews and federal and state officials, inter-office correspondence and memos, printed materials, and notes made by Andrews and his staff.
Arrangement, established during processing and similar to the filing system used by the staff for 1980-1984 materials, is chronological by Congressional terms and, within each term, filed by the following categories: state officers and institutions, counties and cities, colleges and universities, and projects. Items in each category are usually arranged alphabetically.
Project files worthy of note include the Falls Lake project, New Hope Dam, the Beltway (Interstate 40), Raleigh-Durham airport, and Research Triangle Park. For information concerning additional projects see folder list. Additional material relating to North Carolina projects can be found in Series 2 and Series 5.
Chiefly correspondence inviting Andrews to a variety of functions. Also included are appointment calendars and agendas. Material is arranged by year, and within each year, by type. Items in each folder are roughly in chronological order.
These files document appointments with constituents and interest groups; social occasions or meetings in the Fourth District, throughout North Carolina, and in Washington; legislative briefings and committee meetings; a variety of national and state Democratic Party functions; speaking engagements; and interviews with the media.
Invitations from 1983-1984 are not included in these files; this material was never received by the repository. Invitations declined were discarded during processing.
For additional materials concerning scheduling see listings under administrative subjects in Series 5.
RESTRICTED: SPECIAL PERMISSION IS REQUIRED TO USE THE MASTER FILE DIRECTORY AND COMPUTER TAPES IN THIS SERIES.
Correspondence, questionnaires, printed material, computer tapes, a master directory of computer documents for 1984, subject code lists, indexes, and other material.
The computer files consist of material filed by an automated correspondence management system. The staff filed each item by a document or voucher number and assigned each item other numbers according to subject, address of correspondent, and correspondent's occupation. These files are indexed by six broad subject areas, which are broken down into a detailed list of specific subjects. The broad categories are special codes (location of residence; special designations for case work, grants, etc.; and type of communication such as telephone call, visit, petition, etc.), occupation and group codes, general subject codes (corresponds to Series 1: General Correspondence Files, 1973-1980), North Carolina subjects (equivalent to series 3: District Office Files), administrative subjects, and legislative subject codes (equivalent to Series 2: Legislative Correspondence Files, 1973-1980).
Access to the computer files is possible by three indexes (indexes were created from the reel-to-reel computer tapes by UNC's Institute for Research in Social Sciences in conjunction with the SHC staff). There is a subject category index by document number and correspondent name, a second subject category index by correspondent name and document number, and, lastly, an index by document number. The indexes must be used in conjunction with the subject code list described above; this subject code indicates a number the Andrews staff assigned to a specific subject. For example, the subject of women's rights is assigned the numerical code 14800. To find all material in Series 5 related to women's rights, use the subject category index and look up 14800; the index lists the document numbers pertaining to this subject in the second column.
The master directory, compiled in 1984, is a directory of all documents indexed in the computer system. The Andrews staff received such a directory every two weeks; they used it as an alphabetical list to record who had written the Congressman, to make sure a given letter was answered, and to keep a record of the staff member who handled the reply. The system also allowed the staff to give the Congressman counts of mail on various subjects.
These files are incomplete; there are some consecutive documents missing. These documents were never received by the repository.
For further information about the use of the computer tapes, the master directory, or the indexes, consult the staff.
Subseries 6.1 and 6.2 consist of similar material. The series divisions reflect the original arrangement established by the Congressman's staff. The major distinction between the two is that Subseries 6.2 contains both general material pertaining to the Democratic party and some Andrews campaign material, while Subseries 6.1 contains only Andrews campaign material.
Additional campaign and political activities materials can be found in Series 5.
Correspondence, flyers, lists of contributors, lists of political contacts, Fund-raising material, material about campaign opponents, election returns, and newspaper clippings pertaining to Ike Andrews's United States House campaigns, 1972-1984.
Correspondence, press lists, and material concerning the national Democratic party, rural caucuses, Fund-raisers, national elections, and polls of the Democratic party in North Carolina.
Subject files of Joan Ewing, administrative assistant to Ike Andrews, circa 1980-1984. These files include correspondence, printed material, newspaper clippings, and other background material reflecting Ewing's responsibility for political affairs, office administration, and issues of major importance to Andrews.
Arrangement, imposed during processing, is alphabetical by subject. For information on specific subjects, see the folder list that follows.
Additional material of Ewing's can be found in Series 5.
Subject files of James P. Hughes, legislative aide to Congressman Andrews. Files, arranged alphabetically by subject during processing, pertain to legislative areas for which Hughes was responsible. These areas were agriculture, budget/tax issues, District public works projects, Research Triangle Park issues, International Monetary Fund/banks/banking, cable television, and political items in newspapers.
The files include correspondence, notes, printed materials, newspaper clippings, and other material. Hughes's files contain a wealth of background information on local projects in the 4th district such as the Falls Lake, Jordan Lake, and Randleman Dam projects. See folder list for specific projects.
Subject files of Melinda Underwood, legislative aide to Ike Andrews. These files include correspondence, printed material, notes, newspaper clippings, and other material pertaining chiefly to environmental issues. Arrangement, imposed during processing, is alphabetical by subject.
Miscellaneous subject files of the Andrews staff pertaining chiefly to legislative and administrative matters. The files include correspondence, lists, printed material, questionnaires, and other material. The "Sugg, Margaret" files include personal material of Margaret Sugg, administrative assistant to Ike Andrews, circa 1973-1979.
Chiefly news letters, news releases, and newspaper clippings concerning Andrews. Also included are magazine and journal articles about Andrews. Arrangement, established during processing, is by type, and within each category by year. News releases document Andrews's work on the Education and Labor Committee, with North Carolina grants and projects, and on other issues of local interest to North Carolinians. For some years, there is little material. Newsletters are chiefly congressional reports of Andrews's activities in Washington and updates on pending legislation.
Unrelated printed material and duplicates were discarded during processing. In addition, a large number of duplicate and routine newspaper clippings were not retained.
Arrangement: alphabetical by subject.
Personal correspondence, notes, and clippings of Ike Andrews, his wife, and various members of Andrews's staff. Included is correspondence dealing with Andrews's contributions to various organizations, his retirement, insurance, and celebration of Groundhog Day.
Arrangement: by category.
Pictures of Ike Andrews by himself, and with Presidents, political leaders, celebrities, staff, constituents, and family members, documenting Andrews's career as a member of the United States House of Representatives. Categories reflect the original arrangement. Images are filed in chronological order, followed by undated items in each category. Images include black and white photographs, color photographs, a contact sheet, and negatives. Some pictures are identified on verso.
Processed by: Connie Cartledge with processing assistance from Marion Presler and the SHC staff, June 1987
Encoded by: ByteManagers Inc., 2008Back to Top