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|Size||1.5 feet of linear shelf space (approximately 590 items)|
|Abstract||Correspondence and financial and legal papers, chiefly 1850-1865, documenting the daily lives and plantation and business interests of members of the Joyner family of Franklin County, N.C. Included are Civil War letters from soldiers serving in the 7th, 15th, 32nd, and 47th North Carolina regiments in eastern North Carolina and Virginia, referring to experiences in the Peninsula Campaign of 1862; the battles of Antietam, Chancellorsville, and Gettysburg; the Wilderness Campaign; and the siege of Petersburg; and letters from a soldier in prison at Johnson's Island in Ohio. Also included are account books, deeds, wills, records of hiring and selling slaves, and other family business records, including records from the Civil War years, when Julia Joyner managed the plantation.|
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Members of the Joyner family were planters and professionals from Franklin County, North Carolina. In 1835, William H. Joyner (1814-1863) married Julia Henderson Timberlake (1817-1874). At least seven of their children reached maturity. (See the chart below.) Sue W. S. Parker (Mrs. Allen J. Parker), donor of these papers, is a descendant of William H. and Julia Timberlake Joyner.
While William Joyner worked at the Department of the Treasury in Washington, D.C., during the late 1850s, his wife and family remained on the plantation in Franklin County. With the outbreak of the Civil War, Joyner left his position in Washington and joined the CSA Commissary Department in Goldsboro, North Carolina. In addition to William Joyner, nine members of the Joyner family actively supported the Confederate cause. Joyner's sons, Joseph (1842-1864) and Julius (1842-1891) enlisted in the 7th Regt. N. C. Troops, and his brothers, Algernon (1839-1864) and Julius (1839-1894), in the 32nd and 47th Regts. N. C. Troops, respectively. Julius Joyner, captured at Gettysburg, was imprisoned for twenty-two months on Johnson's Island near Sandusky, Ohio. While the men were in uniform, Julia Joyner directed affairs on the plantation.
The war affected the Joyner family profoundly. Julia Joyner lost her husband, two sons and two brothers-in-law. Nevertheless, the family stayed in Franklin County and the surviving children raised families of their own.
For more detailed information on the family history see folders 44-47.Back to Top
Approximately 250 items in this collection are letters sent or received by members of the Joyner family of Franklin County, North Carolina. About a dozen letters refer to Washington, D.C., social and political events just before the Civil War. The bulk of the correspondence is from members of the Joyner family serving in the Confederate army.
There are over thirty letters from members of the family working or stationed with military units in eastern North Carolina. Additionally, the collection includes about forty letters from Joyners who served in the Army of Northern Virginia, referring to experiences in the Peninsula Campaign of 1862; the battles of Antietam, Chancellorsville, and Gettysburg; the Wilderness Campaign; and the Siege of Petersburg. Twenty-one letters are from a Confederate prisoner at Johnson's Island, Sandusky, Ohio, who described day-to-day life there.
The financial and legal papers consist of about 230 business notes, three daybooks, and an account book. These items document family business transactions from 1817 to 1881. The majority of these papers cover the period from 1855 to 1865 while the family lived in Franklin County. Especially noteworthy are the family plantation records from the war years when Julia Joyner managed the family estate. There are also records of hiring and selling slaves, as well as deeds, wills, and bank transactions.Back to Top
Mainly correspondence among members of the Joyner family while living in Franklin County, North Carolina, and enlisted in Confederate service.
The series includes an exchange of letters, 1858-1860, between William H. Joyner and his wife, Julia Joyner. William Joyner lived in Washington, D. C., and worked at the Department of the Treasury. The letters between the Joyners discuss temperance, religion, family matters, medical problems, U. S. Congressman Lawrence O'Bryan Branch, Washington society, and national politics.
With the coming of the Civil War, a number of the Joyners joined the Confederate cause. They served in the 7th, 15th, 32nd and 47th Regts. N. C. Troops as well as in the Commissary Department. William Joyner corresponded regularly with his wife during his tenure with the Commissary Department in Raleigh and Goldsboro. The younger members of the family enlisted in the army. The Joyners participated in the major campaigns of the Army of Northern Virginia such as Antietam, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, the Wilderness and the Siege of Petersburg.
During the Gettysburg campaign, Captain Julius S. Joyner was captured and sent to Johnson's Island near Sandusky, Ohio. Captain Joyner remained in Ohio until the close of the war, writing to his family of his needs and his surroundings in the prison.
Noteworthy items from the postwar era include letters from Lucy Timberlake, niece of Julia Joyner, mentioning life in Arkansas, and a few letters from a student discussing day-to-day affairs at Warrenton Female College, Warrenton, North Carolina.
Financial and legal papers of the Joyner family in Franklin County, North Carolina. The business items include ledger sheets, accounts for hiring and selling slaves, bank transactions, and receipts. The legal material, including land survey maps, deeds, and contracts from the war years, indicates that Julia T. Joyner grew wheat, oats, and corn, and raised hogs on the Joyner plantation while her husband was away.
Arrangement: see below.
Miscellaneous items such as temperance material, broadsides, business cards, currency, and a photograph. In addition, the papers include photocopies of Joyner family genealogical data, 1552-1982, and correspondence with the National Archives concerning family members in the Confederate Army.
Miscellaneous items including photograph of W. H. Joyner, Jr., Confederate (NC) and antebellum currency, business cards, a broadside advertising merchandise of C. C. Blacknall, Franklinton, N.C., religious tracts, and notes, 1841-1870. (13 items) #04428, Series: "3. Other Papers, 1841-1879; 1967-1982." Folder 43
Planter's account book, circa 1843-1862, of William H. Joyner of Franklin County, North Carolina, 54 pp, covering the hiring and sale of slaves (1855) and other actions taken as administrator of the estate of Thomas Y. Richards. Notations such as expenses, receipts, credits, and other sales are also included. #04428, Series: "4. Volumes, circa 1843-1865." 1
Smith and Cook (Baltimore, Maryland) Catalogue and daybook, circa 1857-1858, probably of Julia H. Joyner, of Franklin County, North Carolina, 27 total pp. The catalogue contains a listing of fashion accessories and trimmings, without prices. The blank pages in the back of the catalogue were used as a daybook and include expenses for personal and household items. #04428, Series: "4. Volumes, circa 1843-1865." 2
Processed by: Benjamin H. Trask, December 1985
Encoded by: ByteManagers Inc., 2008Back to Top