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Collection Number: 05585

Collection Title: Eastern Kentucky African American Migration Project Collection, 1927-2014

This collection has access restrictions. For details, please see the restrictions.

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the Duplication Policy section for more information.


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Size .5 feet of linear shelf space (approximately 200 items)
Abstract The Eastern Kentucky African American Migration Project (EKAAMP) is a public humanities and archival collecting initiative directed by sociologist Karida Brown in partnership with the Southern Historical Collection (SHC) at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. In 2013, the SHC joined Brown in her efforts to document a multi generational African American community with familial ties to coal mining towns in Harlan County, Ky. The community which Brown studies has its origins in the coalfields of the Appalachian South and specifically the surrounding area of Lynch, Ky. Appalachia was a destination for thousands of African Americans, who left the rural deep South in the early twentieth century during the Great Migration. A company town, Lynch was established in 1917 by U.S. Coal and Coke Company, a subsidiary of U.S. Steel. The collection contains oral history interviews, photographs, copies of documents related to coal miners in the mid-twentieth century, and community histories of Lynch, Ky. Karida Brown conducted the oral history interviews with African Americans whose families migrated from the coal camps of the Appalachian South to cities and suburbs across the country. Photographs from circa 1948 depict street scenes, residential areas, and coal mining facilities in Lynch, Ky., and also African American residents of Lynch, both adults and children. Copied documents include floor plans for company housing and a discharge report for a fired coal miner. Community histories describe the founding of the coal camp, the buildings and businesses in the company town of Lynch, schools, entertainment venues, and leisure activities.
Creator Eastern Kentucky African American Migration Project
Language English
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Restrictions to Access
Series 1. Oral History Interviews is closed until 1 January 2019. Series 2 and 3 are open for research.
This collection contains additional materials that are not processed and are currently not available to researchers. For information about access to these materials, contact Research and Instructional Services staff. Please be advised that preparing unprocessed materials for access can be a lengthy process.
Restrictions to Use
No usage restrictions.
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the Eastern Kentucky African American Migration Project Collection #5585, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Acquisitions Information
Oral history interviews received from Karida Brown in 2013 and 2014 (Acc. 101923); photographs received from William Shaffer, Jr. in 2014 (Acc. 102104); and manuscripts lent by Michael O'Bradovich and Mary Jo O'Bradovich in 2014 and returned following digitization in 2015. (Acc. 102105).
Acquired for the Southern Historical Collection as a part of the Eastern Kentucky African American Migration Project (EKAAMP) directed by Karida Brown.
Sensitive Materials Statement
Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, the North Carolina Public Records Act (N.C.G.S. § 132 1 et seq.), and Article 7 of the North Carolina State Personnel Act (Privacy of State Employee Personnel Records, N.C.G.S. § 126-22 et seq.). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill assumes no responsibility.
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The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.

Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Historical Information

The Eastern Kentucky African American Migration Project (EKAAMP) is a public humanities initiative directed by sociologist Karida Brown in partnership with the Southern Historical Collection (SHC) at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. In 2013, the SHC joined Brown in her efforts to document a multi generational African American community with familial ties to coal mining towns in Harlan County, Ky. Brown has conducted oral history interviews with community members and helped the SHC collect manuscript materials from the community and its social organizations.

The community which Brown studies has its origins in the coalfields of the Appalachian South and specifically the surrounding area of Lynch, Ky. Appalachia was a destination for thousands of African Americans, who left the rural deep South in the early twentieth century during the Great Migration.

A company town, Lynch was established in 1917 by U.S. Coal and Coke Company, a subsidiary of U.S. Steel. The company supplied housing, health care, social services, commissary, churches, schools, and recreation for coal miners and their families. At its peak in the mid twentieth century Lynch's population reached 10,000 and included African Americans and whites with eastern European and British heritage. Although the mines were not strictly segregated, most areas of life, including schools, churches, commissary, and recreation, had separate facilities for blacks and whites until the mid 1960s.

Neighboring Benham, Ky. was also a coal mining camp and company town operated by Wisconsin Steel Company, a subsidiary of International Harvesters Company. The Benham mines closed in the 1970s.

U.S. Steel withdrew its operations in the mid 1960s, and the population of Lynch and the surrounding areas dwindled as families, who had spent only one or two generations in Appalachia, began to move across the country, settling in Ohio, Michigan, Illinois, Indiana, California, Missouri, and other states. Despite the long distances now separating this close knit community, individuals and families from the Harlan County coal towns Lynch, Benham, and Cumberland retained close ties with each other and nurtured what sociologist Karida Brown has called a "post-migration diasporic identity."

Eastern Kentucky Social Club

In 1969 a small group of African Americans living in Cleveland, Ohio who shared eastern Kentucky coal mining heritage established the Eastern Kentucky Social Club (EKSC). The primary mission of the Club was to "stay together." Membership and participation in this active social network nurture a collective identity and a community formed around remembrance of a time and place.

Cleveland was the site for the Club's first annual reunion in 1970, and by 2012 the founding chapter had been joined by 15 more chapters including ones in Lynch, Ky., Atlanta, Ga., Milwaukee, Wisc., New York, N.Y., and Washington, D.C. Chapters bid to host the annual Labor Day reunion. Attended by hundreds, the reunions include parties and other social activities, Christian worship services, featured guest speakers, and the Club's board meetings.

EKSC membership overlaps with membership in alumni associations associated with eastern Kentucky schools including Lynch Colored School, East Benham High School, and alumni of Rosenwald schools in Harlan County, Ky.

Karida Brown

Sociologist Karida Brown (1982-) was born in Uniondale, N.Y., to Arnita Davis Brown and Richard Brown. Karida Brown received a bachelor's degree in administration from Temple University in 2004, a master's degree in public administration in 2009 from the University of Pennsylvania, and a master's degree in sociology from Brown University in 2013. As of 2015, she is a PhD candidate in Brown University's sociology department, and her PhD dissertation titled Before They Were Diamonds: The Intergenerational Migration of Kentucky's Coal Camp Blacks is in progress.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Scope and Content

The Eastern Kentucky African American Migration Project (EKAAMP) is a public humanities initiative directed by sociologist Karida Brown, who studies and documents a multi generational African American community with familial ties to coal mining towns in Harlan County, Ky. during the mid twentieth century.

The collection contains oral history interviews conducted by Karida Brown with African Americans whose families migrated from the coal camps of the Appalachian South to cities and suburbs across the country. Brown asks interviewees about family life, community, race relations, segregation, schools, and migration out of Appalachia and poses the question, "where is home?".

Photographs from circa 1948 depict street scenes, coal mining structures in the company town of Lynch, Ky., founded and operated by U.S. Coal and Coke Company. Many images show African American residents of Lynch, both adults and children. All photographs have captions written by the donor, William Shaffer, Jr.

Other materials are community histories of Lynch, Ky., and copies of documents related to coal miners in eastern Kentucky. Copied documents include floor plans for company housing and a discharge report for a fired coal miner.

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Contents list

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series Quick Links

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014

145 items.

Oral History Interviews are closed until 1 January 2019.

Oral history interviews with African Americans conducted by sociologist Karida Brown for her dissertation Before They Were Diamonds: The Intergenerational Migration of Kentucky's Coal Camp Blacks for Brown University in Rhode Island. Interviews are chiefly digital audio recordings. Some interviews are transcribed, and five interviews are digital video recordings. Brown asks interviewees about family life; neighbors and neighborhoods; segregated and integrated schools; teachers at the segregated schools; race relations and encounters with whites; and coal mining in Lynch, Ky., Benham, Ky., and surrounding areas in Harlan County where U.S. Coal and Coke Company operated coal mining camps and built company towns during the mid twentieth century. Other topics discussed are leisure and recreation; children's games such as kick-the-can, marbles, jacks, and hide-and-seek; athletics especially baseball; family discipline including corporal punishment or "whuppings"; and the legend of Limehouse, a labor agent for U.S. Coal and Coke Company who recruited and transported African American sharecroppers and convict labor from rural Alabama to Appalachia to work in the coal mines.

Interview EKAAMP-0001

Gerald Wayne Jackson (b. 1950) interviewed by Karida Brown in Lynch, Ky., 31 May 2013 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0001

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0002

Rosalind A. Baker and Zella "Mother" Ferguson (b. 1925) interviewed by Karida Brown in Milwaukee, Wisc., 7 June 2013 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0002

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0003

Yvonne McCaskill (b. 1946), Rosie Touchstone (b. 1940), and Ervin Moore interviewed by Karida Brown in Milwaukee, Wisc., 8 June 2013 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0003

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

The following description of this interview's contents is intended to serve as a sample of the content for the oral histories in the collection.

Yvonne McCaskill, Rosie Touchstone, and Ervin Moore discuss their childhoods in the hometowns of McRoberts, Ky., and Fleming (now Fleming-Neon), Ky., home and family life, recreation and children's games, segregation, race and race relations, and intra-racial social class distinctions.

The interviewees remember many large families with ten or more children; mothers who were homemakers and fathers who were coal miners; homemade cakes, candies, and ice cream; anticipation of receiving the Montgomery Ward catalog; attending Pentecostal churches all day on Sundays; funeral practice of leaving the deceased in the home for visitation; baptisms in the creek; outdoor toilets; and baths in the kitchen with water fetched from an outdoor hydrant and heated on the coal stove. They attended dances, saw travelling entertainers including a young James Brown, caught "crawdads" in the creek, and brought lunch to their coal miner fathers. They define "hollers" and explain weekly pig killings in the African American community and the harvesting of all parts of the pig.

Interviewees describe their acceptance of segregation as normal because they did not "know different or better" and the lack of expressed animosity between the races. They do not recall signs indicating segregated seating in public spaces such as movie theaters and believe signs were unnecessary because as African Americans "we knew our place. People did not cross the line." They explain class distinctions and status in the African American community. Purchasing power, clothing, cars, favor held in the white community, entrepreneurship, cleanliness, and resourcefulness were determinants for middle class status in the African American community.

McCaskill, Touchstone, and Moore discuss leaving Kentucky and the cultural shock they experienced in the North where they went for jobs. They explain that family members followed their family's migration paths. Moore followed his cousins to Wisconsin and his brother later followed him. They describe urban living, including white flight after black moved in, demonstrations for fair housing, and their dismay of fearing young black men for the first time. The interviewees all identify Kentucky as home despite having lived outside the state for decades.

Interview EKAAMP-0004

Nathaniel Fielder (b. 1927) and Freda Fielder (b. 1931) interviewed by Karida Brown in Louisville, Ky., 12 June 2013 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0004

Audio

Transcription

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0005

Viola Brown (b. 1938) interviewed by Karida Brown in Danville, Va., 17 June 2013 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0005

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0006

Geraldine Kirkland (b. 1944) interviewed by Karida Brown in Danville, Va., 17 June 2013 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0006

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0007

Cynthia Barnes (b. 1954) interviewed by Karida Brown in Greensboro, N.C., 30 June 2013 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0007

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0008

Jeffrey Ratchford (b. 1956) interviewed by Karida Brown in Atlanta, Ga., 22 June 2013 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0008

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0009

Willie French (b. 1942) interviewed by Karida Brown in Lexington, Ky., 23 June 2013 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0009

Audio

Transcription

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0010

Odell Moss (b. 1932) interviewed by Karida Brown in Lexington, Ky., 25 June 2013 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0010

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0011

Chuck Rodgers interviewed by Karida Brown in Lexington, Ky., 25 June 2013 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0011

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0012

Lena Jones interviewed by Karida Brown in Louisville, Ky., 26 June 2013 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0012

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0013

Jerome Ratchford (b. 1943) interviewed by Karida Brown in Atlanta, Ga., 28 June 2013 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0013

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0014

Arnita Brown (b. 1953) interviewed by Karida Brown in Atlanta, Ga., 29 June 2013 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0014

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0016

George Massey (b. 1952) interviewed by Karida Brown in Lynch, Ky., 10 July 2013 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0016

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0017

Gene Austin (b. 1930) interviewed by Karida Brown in Lynch, Ky., 10 July 2013 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0017

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0018

Lorene Clark (b. 1931) interviewed by Karida Brown in Lynch, Ky., 11 July 2013 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0018

Audio

Transcription

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0019

Albert Lee Harris (b. 1950) interviewed by Karida Brown in Benham, Ky., 11 July 2013 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0019

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0020

Lacey Griffey (b. 1928) interviewed by Karida Brown in Benham, Ky., 11 July 2013 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0020

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0021

Linda Faye Brown (b. 1953) interviewed by Karida Brown in Lynch, Ky., 12 July 2013 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0021

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0022

Samuel Coleman (b. 1957) interviewed by Karida Brown in Lynch, Ky., 12 July 2013 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0022

Audio

Transcription

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0023

William Morrow (b. 1922) and Dwain Morrow interviewed by Karida Brown in Lynch, Ky., 13 July 2013 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0023

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0024

James Gist, III (b. 1975) interviewed by Karida Brown in Lynch, Ky., 13 July 2013 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0024

Audio

Transcription

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0025

Ravern Whitt interviewed by Karida Brown in Cumberland, Ky., 14 July 2013 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0025

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0026

Derrick Akal (b. 1966) interviewed by Karida Brown in Lynch, Ky., 15 July 2013 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0026

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0027

Ronnie R. Hampton (b. 1951) and Deborah Hampton (b. 1954) interviewed by Karida Brown in Lynch, Ky., 15 July 2013 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0027

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0028

Clara Clements (b. 1937) interviewed by Karida Brown in Lynch, Ky., 15 July 2013 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0028

Audio

Transcription

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0029

Carla Allen (b. 1960) interviewed by Karida Brown in Cumberland, Ky., 15 July 2013 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0029

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0030

Richard Brown (b. 1947) interviewed by Karida Brown in Atlanta, Ga., 20 July 2013 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0030

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0031

William Schaffer, Jr. (b. 1926 ) interviewed by Karida Brown in Chicago, Ill., 28 July 2013 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0031

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0032

Arthur Simmons (b. 1937) interviewed by Karida Brown in Chicago Ill., 29 July 2013 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0032

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0033

Victor Prinkleton (b. 1944) interviewed by Karida Brown in Lexington , Ky., 2 August 2013 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0033

Audio

Transcription

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0034

Lee Arthur Jackson (b. 1950) interviewed by Karida Brown in Lexington, Ky., 3 August 2013 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0034

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0035

Debora Oden-Williams (b. 1958) interviewed by Karida Brown in Lexington, Ky., 3 August 2013 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0035

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0036

Deloris Mason (b. 1943) interviewed by Karida Brown in Lexington, Ky., 27 June 2013 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0036

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0037

Sally Pettygrue Davis (b.1941) interviewed by Karida Brown in Covington, Ky., 4 August 2013 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0037

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0038

Clarence Davis (b. 1938) interviewed by Karida Brown in Covington, Ky., 4 August 2013 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0038

Audio

Transcription

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0039

Brenda Combs (b. 1954) interviewed by Karida Brown in Lexington, Ky., 5 August 2013 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0039

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0040

Cheryl Baskin Brack (b. 1947) interviewed by Karida Brown in Lexington , Ky., 5 August 2013 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0040

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0041

Porter G. Peeples (b. 1945) interviewed by Karida Brown in Lexington, Ky., 5 August 2013 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0041

Audio

Transcription

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0042

Sam Howard (b. 1942) interviewed by Karida Brown in Louisville, Ky., 6 August 2013 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0042

Audio

Transcription

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0043

Clara Atkinson (b. 1948) interviewed by Karida Brown in Lynch, Ky., 6 August 2013 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0043

Audio

Transcription

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0044

John Steward (b. 1942) interviewed by Karida Brown in Aliso Viejo, Calif., 11 August 2013 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0044

Audio

Transcription

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0045

William Jackson (b. 1944) interviewed by Karida Brown in Pasadena, Calif., 12 August 2013 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0045

Audio

Transcription

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0046

Beverly Morris (b. 1949) and Eddify Brown (b. 1925) interviewed by Karida Brown in Los Angeles, Calif., 12 August 2013 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0046

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0047

Lelia McBath (b. 1926) and Audrey McBath Wilson (b. 1954) interviewed by Karida Brown in Culver City, Calif., 12 August 2013 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0047

Audio

Transcription

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0048

Cynthia Ratchford (b. 1949) interviewed by Karida Brown in Milpitas, Calif., 15 August 2013 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0048

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0049

Jacquelyn Ratchford Garner (b. 1945) and Cynthia Ratchford (b. 1949) interviewed by Karida Brown in San Jose Calif., 15 August 2013 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0049

Audio

Transcription

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0050

Juanita Bassett (b. 1943) interviewed by Karida Brown in San Jose, Calif., 15 August 2013 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0050

Audio

Transcription

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0051

Charles Fikes (b. 1936) interviewed by Karida Brown in San Jose, Calif., 15 August 2013 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0051

Audio

Transcription

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0052

Margol Arletta Andrews Byrd (b. 1944) interviewed by Karida Brown in Detroit, Mich., 19 August 2013 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0052

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0053

Robert Jasper interviewed by Karida Brown in Detroit, Mich., 19 August 2013 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0053

Audio

Transcription

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0054

Clara Smith (b. 1942) interviewed by Karida Brown in Southfield, Mich., 19 August 2013 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0054

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0055

Herbert Smith (b. 1945) interviewed by Karida Brown in Detroit, Mich., 20 August 2013 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0055

Audio

Transcription

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0056

Jessie Willis (b. 1920) interviewed by Karida Brown in Detroit, Mich., 20 August 2013 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0056

Audio

Transcription

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0057

Donald Hudson (b. 1931) interviewed by Karida Brown in Detroit, Mich., 20 August 2013 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0057

Audio

Transcription

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0058

Eddie McDonald (b. 1928) interviewed by Karida Brown in Detroit, Mich., 20 August 2013 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0058

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0059

Lorene Knight (b. 1942) and Florene McMurtry (b. 1942) interviewed by Karida Brown in Detroit, Mich., 20 August 2013 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0059

Audio

Transcription

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0060

Roy Gray (b. 1944) interviewed by Karida Brown in Ypsilanti, Mich., 20 August 2013 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0060

Audio

Transcription

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0061

Harriet Callaway Hillie (b. 1941) interviewed by Karida Brown in Detroit, Mich., 20 August 2013 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0061

Audio

Transcription

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0062

James Huston (b. 1945) interviewed by Karida Brown in Oak Park, Mich., 21 August 2013 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0062

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0063

Lacey James Lee (b. 1943) interviewed by Karida Brown in Atlanta, Ga., 29 August 2013 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0063

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0064

Edgar James Moss (b. 1940) interviewed by Karida Brown in Newington, Conn., 26 October 2013 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0064

Audio

Transcription

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0065

Edgar James Moss (b. 1940) interviewed by Karida Brown in Newington, Conn., 18 March 2014 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0065

Audio

Transcription

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0066

Eastern Kentucky Social Club: Clarence Rodgers, Betty Rodgers (b. 1934), Willie Watts, Jr. (b. 1936), Della Martin Watts (b. 1941), and Armenia Ashby (b. 1935) interviewed by Karida Brown in Cleveland, Ohio, 8 June 2014 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0066

Audio

Transcription

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0067

Wanda Davis (b. 1957) interviewed by Karida Brown in Garfield Heights, Ohio, 9 June 2014 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0067

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0068

Patricia Liggins (b. 1944) interviewed by Karida Brown in Cleveland, Ohio, 9 June 2014 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0068

Audio

Transcription

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0069

Norman C. Thompson, Jr. (b. 1949) interviewed by Karida Brown in Cleveland, Ohio, 10 June 2014 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0069

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0070

Vyredia Williams (b. 1947) interviewed by Karida Brown in Cleveland, Ohio, 10 June 2014 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0070

Audio

Transcription

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0071

Bernard Bickerstaff (b. 1943) interviewed by Karida Brown in Independence, Ohio, 11 June 2014 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0071

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0072

Armenia Ashby (b. 1935) interviewed by Karida Brown in Cleveland, Ohio, 11 June 2014 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0072

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0073

George Smith (b. 1932) interviewed by Karida Brown in Cleveland, Ohio, 11 June 2014 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0073

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0074

Jack French (b. 1945) interviewed by Karida Brown in Cleveland, Ohio, 12 June 2014 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0074

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0075

Jimmy Williams (b. 1943) interviewed by Karida Brown in Cleveland Heights, Ohio, 12 June 2014 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0075

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0076

James Stevens (b. 1935) interviewed by Karida Brown in Cleveland, Ohio, 12 June 2014 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0076

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0077

Arlissa Davis (b. 1959) interviewed by Karida Brown in Cleveland, Ohio, 12 June 2014 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0077

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0078

Roland Motley (b. 1934) interviewed by Karida Brown in Chagrin Falls, Ohio, 12 June 2014 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0078

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0079

Jean Moss Mason (b. 1938) interviewed by Karida Brown in Bedford Heights, Ohio, 13 June 2014 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0079

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0080

Katie Reynolds Parks (b. 1948) interviewed by Karida Brown in Lorraine, Ohio, 15 June 2014 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0080

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0081

Joyce Bickerstaff (b. 1941) interviewed by Karida Brown in Cleveland, Ohio, 16 June 2014 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0081

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0082

Bennie Massey (b. 1949) interviewed by Karida Brown in Lynch, Ky., 23 June 2014 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0082

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0083

Roy Stevens (b. 1954) interviewed by Karida Brown in Lynch, Ky., 23 June 2014 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0083

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0084

Rutland Melton (b. 1948) interviewed by Karida Brown in Lynch, Ky., 23 June 2014 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0084

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0085

Theresa Massey Kyle (b. 1968) interviewed by Karida Brown in Lynch, Ky., 23 June 2014 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0085

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0086

Michael Austin (b. 1955) interviewed by Karida Brown in Lynch. Ky., 24 June 2014 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0086

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0087

Timothy Motley (b. 1961) interviewed by Karida Brown in Benham, Ky., 24 June 2014 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0087

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0088

Richard Chapman (b. 1955) interviewed by Karida Brown in Lynch, Ky., 24 June 2014 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0088

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0089

Tony Brown (b. 1958) interviewed by Karida Brown in Lynch. Ky., 24 June 2014 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0089

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0090

Helen Josephine Ledford (b. 1932) interviewed by Karida Brown in Cumberland, Ky., 24 June 2014 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0090

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0091

Belinda Napier (b. 1951) interviewed by Karida Brown in Cumberland, Ky., 24 June 2014 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0091

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0092

Ann Kyle Baskin (b. 1950) interviewed by Karida Brown in Benham, Ky., 25 June 2014 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0092

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0093

Ruthie Wilson (b. 1949) interviewed by Karida Brown in Benham, Ky., 25 June 2014 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0093

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0094

Mike O'Bradovich (b. 1947) and Mary Jo Hollingsworth O'Bradovich (b. 1949) interviewed by Karida Brown in Lynch, Ky., 25 June 2014 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0094

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0095

William Peeples (b. 1948) interviewed by Karida Brown in Springfield, Ohio, 14 July 2014 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0095

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0096

Vera Lee Peeples (b. 1948) interviewed by Karida Brown in Springfield, Ohio, 14 July 2014 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0096

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0097

Ruth Richardson (b. 1928) interviewed by Karida Brown in Xenia, Ohio, 14 July 2014 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0097

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0098

Sylvester Kendrick (b. 1949) interviewed by Karida Brown in Beavercreek, Ohio, 14 July 2014 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0098

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0099

James Williams (b. 1936) interviewed by Karida Brown in Lima, Ohio, 14 July 2014 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0099

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0100

Ronnie Peavy (b. 1947) interviewed by Karida Brown in Dayton, Ohio, 15 July 2014 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0100

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0101

Patricia Brown (b.1953) interviewed by Karida Brown in Dayton, Ohio, 16 July 2014 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0101

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0102

Virginia Ruth Taylor Ward (b. 1949) interviewed by Karida Brown in Trotwood, Ohio, 16 July 2014 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0102

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0103

Anthony Baskin (b. 1951) and Milton Baskin (b. 1952) interviewed by Karida Brown in Dayton, Ohio, 16 July 2014 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0103

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0104

Robert C. Freeman (b. 1944) interviewed by Karida Brown in Dayton, Ohio , 16 July 2014 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0104

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0105

Brenda Faye Wills Nolan (b. 1958) interviewed by Karida Brown in Dayton, Ohio, 16 July 2014, #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0105

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0106

Sanford Baskin, III (b. 1948) interviewed by Karida Brown in Benham, Ky., 25 June 2014 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0106

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0107

Deloris Mitchell Jackson (b. 1953) and Mary Lucinda Mitchell Williams (b. 1950) interviewed by Karida Brown in Lynch, Ky., 25 June 2014 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0107

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0108

Betty Powell (b. 1937) interviewed by Karida Brown in Dayton, Ohio, 17 July 2014 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0108

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0109

George Taylor, Jr. (1950) interviewed by Karida Brown in Trotwood, Ohio, 17 July 2014 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0109

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0110

Leslie Lee (b. 1948) interviewed by Karida Brown in Harlan County, Ky., 29 July 2014 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0110

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0111

Teresa Mimes (b. 1958) interviewed by Karida Brown in Lynch, Ky., 29 July 2014 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0111

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0112

Michael Ellington (b. 1958) interviewed by Karida Brown in Benham, Ky., 29 July 2014 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0112

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0113

Katina Akal (b. 1972) interviewed by Karida Brown in Lynch, Ky., 29 July 2014 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0113

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0114

Dwain Baskin (b. 1962) interviewed by Karida Brown in Indianapolis, Ind., 31 July 2014 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0114

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0117

Ernest Pettygrue (b. 1938) interviewed by Karida Brown in Indianapolis, Ind., 31 July 2014 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0117

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0118

Rosie Pettygrue (b. 1937) interviewed by Karida Brown in Indianapolis, Ind., 31 July 2014 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0118

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0119

Bettye Williams (b. 1944) interviewed by Karida Brown in Indianapolis, Ind., 1 August 2014 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0119

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0120

Ronald R. Thomas (b. 1949) interviewed by Karida Brown in Indianapolis, Ind., 1 August 2014 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0120

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0121

Barney Houser (b. 1956) interviewed by Karida Brown in Indianapolis, Ind., 1 August 2014 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0121

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0122

Joyce Brown Thrasher (b. 1946) interviewed by Karida Brown in Indianapolis, Ind., 2 August 2014 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0122

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0123

Vera Garner Robinson (b. 1937) interviewed by Karida Brown in Indianapolis, Ind., 2 August 2014 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0123

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0124

Janice Brown Wallace (b. 1953) interviewed by Karida Brown in Indianapolis, Ind., 2 August 2014 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0124

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0125

Mildred Turner (b. 1966) interviewed by Karida Brown in Indianapolis, Ind., 2 August 2014 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0125

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0126

Jeffrey Turner (b. 1959) interviewed by Karida Brown in Indianapolis, Ind., 3 August 2014 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0126

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0127

Vergie Mason (b. 1923) interviewed by Karida Brown in Columbus, Ohio, 3 August 2014 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0127

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0128

Michael Mason (b. 1952) interviewed by Karida Brown in Columbus, Ohio, 3 August 2014 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0128

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0129

Terri Mason Montgomery (b. 1958) interviewed by Karida Brown in Columbus, Ohio, 6 August 2014 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0129

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0130

Charles Clark (b. 1956) interviewed by Karida Brown in Etna, Ohio, 5 August 2014 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0130

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0131

Ryland Mullins (b. 1942), Vivian Mullins Moore (b. 1936) and Uvella Mullins Lauderdale (b. 1937) interviewed by Karida Brown in Columbus, Ohio, 6 August 2014 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0131

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0132

Sherrie Akal Sanders (b. 1973) interviewed by Karida Brown in Columbus, Ohio, 6 August 2014 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0132

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0133

William Ward, III (b. 1942) interviewed by Karida Brown in Chicago, Ill., 7 August 2014 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0133

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0134

Edwin Gist (b. 1942) interviewed by Karida Brown in Homewood, Ill., 7 August 2014 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0134

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0135

Curtis Mason (b. 1948) interviewed by Karida Brown in Berwyn, Ill., 7 August 2014 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0135

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0136

Robert Pollenitz (b. 1927) interviewed by Karida Brown in Chicago, Ill., 8 August 2014 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0136

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0137

Barbara Hood Haury (b. 1942) interviewed by Karida Brown in Galewood, Ill., 8 August 2014 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0137

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0138

Barbara Hood Haury (b. 1942) interviewed by Karida Brown in Galewood, Ill., 8 August 2014 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0138

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0139

Isaac Garner, Jr. (b. 1930) interviewed by Karida Brown in Chicago, Ill., 9 August 2014 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0139

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0140

Roosevelt Kirk (b. 1936) interviewed by Karida Brown in Detroit, Mich., 21 August 2013 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0140

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0141

Gene Austin (b. 1930) interviewed by Karida Brown in Lynch, Ky., 29 May 2013 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0141

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0142

Minnie Lee Pendleton (b. 1921) interviewed by Karida Brown in Mobile, Ala., 31 July 2013 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0142

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0144

Charles Edward Tinsley (b. 1954) interviewed by Karida Brown in Kentucky, 2014 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0144

Video

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0145

Willie Watts, Jr. (b. 1936) and Della Martin Watts (b. 1941) interviewed by Karida Brown in Cleveland, Ohio, 8 June 2014 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0145

Video

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0146

Edgar James Moss (b. 1940) interviewed by Karida Brown in Newington, Conn., 25 August 2014 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0146

Video

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0151

Rhonda Yvonne Callaway Parker (b. 1951) interviewed by Karida Brown in 24 August 2014 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0151

Video

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0152

Thomas Haury, Jr., (b. 1949) interviewed by Karida Brown in 11 September 2014 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0152

Video

Closed until 1 January 2019.

Interview EKAAMP-0153

Brenda J. Thornton (b. 1950) interviewed by Karida Brown in Los Angeles, Calif. , 31 August 2014 #05585, Series: "1. Oral History Interviews, 2013-2014" Interview EKAAMP-0153

Audio

Closed until 1 January 2019.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 2. Images, circa 1948

25 items.

Snapshots of streets, street scenes, neighborhoods, coal mine portal and coal tipple in Lynch, Ky. circa 1948. Some candid images show African American residents, both adults and children, of Lynch, which was a Harlan County, Ky. coal mining camp operated by U.S. Coal and Coke Company. A few images show coal miners outside the mine entrance. The photographs have handwritten captions on the versos that indicate the street names and building names. The donor, William Shaffer, Jr., provided the identifying captions.

Image P-05585/1

"Houses on Church St." #05585, Series: "2. Images, circa 1948" P-05585/1

Black-and-white print (3x4)

A woman and man also pictured.

Image P-05585/2

"Houses on Church St." #05585, Series: "2. Images, circa 1948" P-05585/2

Black-and-white print (3x4)

Image P-05585/3

"House on Church St." #05585, Series: "2. Images, circa 1948" P-05585/3

Black-and-white print (3x4)

William Shaffer, Jr.'s home in Lynch, Ky.

Image P-05585/4

"The house I lived in on Church St. in Camp #6" #05585, Series: "2. Images, circa 1948" P-05585/4

Black-and-white print (3x4)

William Shaffer, Jr.'s home in Lynch, Ky.

Image P-05585/5

"View from Church St." #05585, Series: "2. Images, circa 1948" P-05585/5

Black-and-white print (3x4)

Image P-05585/6

"Main Street" #05585, Series: "2. Images, circa 1948" P-05585/6

Black-and-white print (3x4)

Utility poles, cars, and buildings visible in image.

Image P-05585/7

"Church St. entering to Main St." #05585, Series: "2. Images, circa 1948" P-05585/7

Black-and-white print (3x4)

Image P-05585/8

"Church Street" #05585, Series: "2. Images, circa 1948" P-05585/8

Two women wearing hats pictured on the sidewalk.

Image P-05585/9

"Part of Church St." #05585, Series: "2. Images, circa 1948" P-05585/9

Black-and-white print (3x4)

Three children on the sidewalk and a woman seated on a porch railing are pictured.

Image P-05585/10

"Views from Liberty St. Hospital & Hotel" #05585, Series: "2. Images, circa 1948" P-05585/10

Black-and-white print (3x4)

Image P-05585/11

"Lynch Colored School on Main Street" #05585, Series: "2. Images, circa 1948" P-05585/11

Black-and-white print (3x4)

Three women seated on railing outside the building.

Image P-05585/12

"Lynch Hospital" #05585, Series: "2. Images, circa 1948" P-05585/12

Black-and-white print (3x4)

Two men walking toward the building.

Image P-05585/13

"Colored Metropolis Church" #05585, Series: "2. Images, circa 1948" P-05585/13

Black-and-white print (3x4)

Image P-05585/14

"Post Office and Bank Building" #05585, Series: "2. Images, circa 1948" P-05585/14

Black-and-white print (3x4)

Group of men and one woman are pictured outside of the building.

Image P-05585/15

"In the rear is a outhouse, coal house and storage bin" #05585, Series: "2. Images, circa 1948" P-05585/15

Black-and-white print (3x4)

Man pictured in front of the small structures.

Image P-05585/16

"Supply cars for Mine #31" #05585, Series: "2. Images, circa 1948" P-05585/16

Black-and-white print (3x4)

Image P-05585/17

"Supply cars for Mine #31" #05585, Series: "2. Images, circa 1948" P-05585/17

Black-and-white print (3x4)

Man pictured behind supply cars.

Image P-05585/18

"Coal Tipple" #05585, Series: "2. Images, circa 1948" P-05585/18

Black-and-white print (3x4)

Image P-05585/19

"Coal Tipple" #05585, Series: "2. Images, circa 1948" P-05585/19

Black-and-white print (3x4)

Image P-05585/20

"Part of the Landmark Coal Tipple" #05585, Series: "2. Images, circa 1948" P-05585/20

Black-and-white print (3x4)

Image P-05585/21

"Coal Cars and Supplies Train" #05585, Series: "2. Images, circa 1948" P-05585/21

Black-and-white print (3x4)

Men pictured in background.

Image P-05585/22

"Entrance to Mine No. 31 and the Main Office Building" #05585, Series: "2. Images, circa 1948" P-05585/22

Black-and-white print (3x4)

Men and cars pictured in front of the building.

Image P-05585/23

"Mine No. 31 Entrance and Shift Change" #05585, Series: "2. Images, circa 1948" P-05585/23

Black-and-white print (3x4)

Men pictured in background.

Image P-05585/24

"Main Street Passing Mine #31" #05585, Series: "2. Images, circa 1948" P-05585/24

Black-and-white print (3x4)

Image P-05585/25

"Entrance to Mine No. 31 which is a landmark now" #05585, Series: "2. Images, circa 1948" P-05585/25

Black-and-white print (3x4)

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 3. Historical Materials on Lynch, Ky., 1927-2014 and undated

Approximately 25 items.

Various printed items gathered or compiled by donor, Mike O'Bradovich. Community histories and articles describe the neighborhoods, social life, work, education, athletics, leisure activities, and medical services in the coal mining camp and company town, Lynch, Ky., operated by U.S. Coal and Coke during the mid twentieth century. Copies of documents dating from 1927 to 1956 include floor plans for company housing options, fliers for Labor Day celebrations, paycheck stubs and discharge papers for coal miners. Also includes brass tags worn by miners, an undated, printed map of Harlan County, Ky., and sets of historical trivia about Lynch, Ky.

Folder 1

Floor plans (copies) for employee housing, United States Coal and Coke Company #05585, Series: "3. Historical Materials on Lynch, Ky., 1927-2014 and undated" Folder 1

Drawings made by the company's engineer's office in 1927 and 1928.

Folder 2

Commencement exercises announcement and program for Lynch Colored High School (copies), 1928 #05585, Series: "3. Historical Materials on Lynch, Ky., 1927-2014 and undated" Folder 2

Folder 3

Report of discharge or suspension of an employee of United States Coal and Coke Company (copies), 1937 #05585, Series: "3. Historical Materials on Lynch, Ky., 1927-2014 and undated" Folder 3

Employee was fired for his inability to make the baseball team as promised to his manager.

Folder 4

Labor Day Celebration fliers (copies), 1939, 1940, 1942, and undated #05585, Series: "3. Historical Materials on Lynch, Ky., 1927-2014 and undated" Folder 4

Celebration was segregated. "Two dances. A Porch and Ballroom Dance for the White People of Lynch will be given at the Lynch Hotel, and a Street Dance for the Colored People will be given on Lynch Road in front of the Main Store."

Folder 5

Paychecks (copies), United States Steel Corporation, 1956 #05585, Series: "3. Historical Materials on Lynch, Ky., 1927-2014 and undated" Folder 5

Also included is an employee's weekly earnings statement.

Folder 6

"The Building of a Coal Mining Camp" (copies), 1988 #05585, Series: "3. Historical Materials on Lynch, Ky., 1927-2014 and undated" Folder 6

Six-page history of Lynch, Ky., from the weekend edition of The Harlan Daily Enterprise.

Folder 7

"Lynch Trivia" compiled by Ben [Powell?](copies), 2002 #05585, Series: "3. Historical Materials on Lynch, Ky., 1927-2014 and undated" Folder 7

Compilations of trivia about life in the coal camp and company town of Lynch, Ky. Trivia items name people in the community, including staff at the Big Store, the cobbler, garbage collector, undertaker, and milkman. Also identified are buildings and locales, including the barn for mine mules, swimming hole, and town dump. Other trivia items pinpoint first and lasts such as the year a resident purchased the first television set in Lynch, and explain local customs such as the grease pole.

Folder 8

"Kentucky's Portal 31 Exhibition Mine , 2003" (copies) #05585, Series: "3. Historical Materials on Lynch, Ky., 1927-2014 and undated" Folder 8

Society for Mining, Metallurgy & Exploration preprint for 2003 annual meeting.

Folder 9

"Community Story" (copies), circa 2007 #05585, Series: "3. Historical Materials on Lynch, Ky., 1927-2014 and undated" Folder 9

A brief historical description of the coal industry in Benham and Lynch, Ky. Article alludes to a contemporary concern with environmental protection of Black Mountain and community opposition to a proposed strip mine.

Folder 10

"No Regrets: First Union Grad Student Recalls Teaching career in a Pre-Integration Coal Camp." Rosie Ivery Pettygrue (copies), 2010 #05585, Series: "3. Historical Materials on Lynch, Ky., 1927-2014 and undated" Folder 10

Article in the Union Alumni Magazine of Union College in Barbourville, Ky.

Folder 11

"Lynch Dynasty Recreated in 'Bulldog Room'" (copies), 8 January 2014 #05585, Series: "3. Historical Materials on Lynch, Ky., 1927-2014 and undated" Folder 11

Article in the Tri-City News published for Cumberland, Benham, and Lynch, Ky.

Folder 12

"Brief History of the Lynch Medical Services and the Cumberland Valley Medical Group" (copies), undated #05585, Series: "3. Historical Materials on Lynch, Ky., 1927-2014 and undated" Folder 12

Three-page description of medical care, miners' health, and hospitals in Lynch, Ky., written by Beatrice E. Cope, a registered nurse and health insurance administrator.

Folder 13

"The Lynch Hospital" and "Dr. Leland Early Payton" (copies), undated #05585, Series: "3. Historical Materials on Lynch, Ky., 1927-2014 and undated" Folder 13

Brief descriptions of the hospital and health care providers in Lynch, Ky. Of interest is a reference to an outbreak of spinal meningitis in 1936 that led to quarantines and the establishment of a temporary hospital that kept the mortality rate low.

Folder 14

"The Lynch Employees' Country Club" and "The Lynch Hotel" (copies), undated #05585, Series: "3. Historical Materials on Lynch, Ky., 1927-2014 and undated" Folder 14

Brief descriptions of Lynch's hotel and country club buildings and accommodations. Slight information provided on activities supported and hosted, including golf tournaments on a seven-hole course, dances, and orchestras.

Folder 15

"Lynch's Amusements, ""The Lynch Big Store," and "Post Office and Bank Building" (copies), undated #05585, Series: "3. Historical Materials on Lynch, Ky., 1927-2014 and undated" Folder 15

Brief descriptions of entertainment venues in Lynch, Ky., including the baseball park, theater, lodge house for fraternal organizations, and bowling alley. Amusements such as carnivals, circuses, concert performers, and movies are mentioned. Also contains descriptions of the buildings that housed the company owned and operated store, post office, and bank in Lynch, Ky.

Folder 16

"History of Lynch District 1917-1957," by T. E. Johnson (copies), undated #05585, Series: "3. Historical Materials on Lynch, Ky., 1927-2014 and undated" Folder 16

Sections of the history are titled "Highlights on Lynch Plant, 1917-1957"; "The Town and the People"; and "The Mines, Coal Handling Facilities, Operating Procedure." The author, Johnson, is listed as a Special Representative, Coal Division, United States Steel Corporation.

Folder 17

"Brief History of Lynch Independent School District" (copies),undated #05585, Series: "3. Historical Materials on Lynch, Ky., 1927-2014 and undated" Folder 17

One-page description of the school buildings, athletic fields, the school newspaper, honor society, and commencement exercises. School principals and their years of service are also identified.

Folder 18

Pictures of brass miners' tags for Lynch's Portal 31, undated #05585, Series: "3. Historical Materials on Lynch, Ky., 1927-2014 and undated" Folder 18

Miners wore brass tags with assigned numbers into the mines. Employees took the tags off a board before entering the mine, a practice that allowed the company to know who and how many were in the mine at any given time. Miners then hung their tags on coal cars so that they received credit for coal they had mined.

Original brass tags returned to owner in 2015.

Folder 19

Printed map of Harlan County, Ky., (copies), undated #05585, Series: "3. Historical Materials on Lynch, Ky., 1927-2014 and undated" Folder 19

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Processing Information

Processed by: Laura Hart, April 2015

Encoded by: Laura Hart, April 2015

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