Collection Number: D802.B4

Collection Title: Belgian Underground and Liberation Materials from World War II, 1943-1945

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the Duplication Policy section for more information.


expand/collapse Expand/collapse Collection Overview

Size 125 items
Abstract During World War II, Belgium was occupied for fifty-seven months by Nazi Germany. Allied troops liberated Belgian territory September 2, 1944. The documents in this collection, published largely by Belgian resistance groups, detail the months leading up to the liberation, the event itself, and the period immediately following. The bulk of the materials, which were collected by William Lanier Hunt during his military service in Belgium, concerns the liberation of Belgium by the Allies in September of 1944. The material includes mimeographed typescripts, handbills, posters, and periodicals. The majority of the material is in French but includes some Dutch language items. The best-represented organization is the Front de l'indepÉndance, but publications of a number of underground groups are present.
Creator Hunt, William Lanier.
Language French
Back to Top

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Information For Users

Restrictions to Access
No restrictions. Open for research.
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the Belgian Underground and Liberation Materials from World War II (folio-2 D802.B4), Rare Book Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Acquisitions Information
Received from William Lanier Hunt, December 17, 1945.
Sensitive Materials Statement
Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, the North Carolina Public Records Act (N.C.G.S. § 132 1 et seq.), and Article 7 of the North Carolina State Personnel Act (Privacy of State Employee Personnel Records, N.C.G.S. § 126-22 et seq.). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill assumes no responsibility.
Back to Top

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subject Headings

The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.

Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.

Back to Top

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Biographical Information

William Lanier Hunt (22 May 1906-19 October 1996) served in the United States Army in World War II as a liaison officer in the Allies' Strategic Bombing Survey. He was assigned to a map room under the command of General Montgomery in Belgium, where he became interested in collecting underground and liberation material. Hunt was born in Pomona, N.C., and attended the University of North Carolina, where his chief interest was horticulture. He pursued this interest until the outbreak of World War II. At the end of the War, he resumed his career in southern horticulture.

Back to Top

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Scope and Content

During World War II, Belgium was occupied for fifty-seven months by Nazi Germany. Allied troops liberated Belgian territory September 2, 1944. The documents in this collection, published largely by Belgian resistance groups, detail the months leading up to the liberation, the event itself, and the period immediately following. bulk of the materials, which were collected by William Lanier Hunt during his military service in Belgium, concerns the liberation of Belgium by the Allies in September of 1944. The material includes mimeographed typescripts, handbills, posters, and periodicals. The majority of the material is in French but includes some Dutch language items. The best-represented organization is the Front de l'indepÉndance, but publications of a number of underground groups are present.

Back to Top

Contents list

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series Quick Links

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 1. Publications of the Front de l'indÉpendance and related groups, 1944-1945.

73 items.

Arrangement: Within each folder, alphabetically by publication title, then chronologically under each publication title.

Folder 1

Rapport sur l'activite des milices patrotiques du Front de l'IndÉpendence. #D802.B4, Series: "1. Publications of the Front de l'indÉpendance and related groups, 1944-1945." Folder 1

Group of photocopied typescripts (49 pages) having to do with operations of the Front at or near the time of liberation.

Folder 2

Sixteen handbills and posters published by the Front de l'IndÉpendance, in French and Dutch. #D802.B4, Series: "1. Publications of the Front de l'indÉpendance and related groups, 1944-1945." Folder 2

Folder 3

Liberation: organe du Front de l'IndÉpendance #D802.B4, Series: "1. Publications of the Front de l'indÉpendance and related groups, 1944-1945." Folder 3

Four numbers, published between February 1944 and March 1945.

Folder 4

Publications of groups affiliated with the Front de l'IndÉpendance #D802.B4, Series: "1. Publications of the Front de l'indÉpendance and related groups, 1944-1945." Folder 4

L'elastique, editÉ par la section brabançonne du Front de l'IndÉpendance.

Enseignement, organ du ComitÉ d'Action du Personnel Enseignant affiliÉ au Front de l'IndÉpendance.

Le F.I. forestois.

Le hÉrisson.

Histoire de cinq ans.

Justice libre, organe judiciare du Front de l'IndÉpendance.

Medecine libre, affiliÉ au Front de l'IndÉpendance.

Le policier libre, organe du ComitÉ des luttes syndicales de la police bruxelloise, affiliÉ au Front de l'IndÉpendance (two numbers).

SolidartiÉ: Croix-rouge du Front de l'IndÉpendance (two numbers).

Sport libre: organe affiliÉ au Front de l'IndÉpendance.

La V 13 affiliÉe au Front de l'IndÉpendance.

Folder 5

Front: organe national du Front de l'IndÉpendance #D802.B4, Series: "1. Publications of the Front de l'indÉpendance and related groups, 1944-1945." Folder 5

Also subtitled: L'hebdomadaire belge de la RÉsistance. 23 numbers published between September 15, 1944 and June 24, 1945 (11 copies of number for September 21, 1944).

Back to Top

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 2. Publications of the ComitÉ regional de Bruxelles du Front de l'IndÉpendance, 1944-1945.

7 items.

Arrangement: Alphabetically by title, then chronologically under each title.

Folder 6

Bulletin interieur de la region bruxelloise #D802.B4, Series: "2. Publications of the ComitÉ regional de Bruxelles du Front de l'IndÉpendance, 1944-1945." Folder 6

Four numbers, mimeographied or carbon of typescript, undated-May 1944. Number 1 also exists in carbon copy of typescript.

Folder 7

Miscellaneous publications #D802.B4, Series: "2. Publications of the ComitÉ regional de Bruxelles du Front de l'IndÉpendance, 1944-1945." Folder 7

Avant-propos, concerning false documents

Ordre du jour du C. R., sÉance de juin [1944?] Carbon copy of typescript, 5 pages, signed at end: Bureau executif regional.

Back to Top

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 3. Publications of other liberation groups, 1943-1945.

46 items.

Arrangement: Within each folder, alphabetically by publication title, then chronologically under each pubication title.

Folder 8

Publications of L'Union des combattants de 40 et assimilÉs #D802.B4, Series: "3. Publications of other liberation groups, 1943-1945." Folder 8

Retrospective (4 p.) dated 21 juillet 1944. Mimeographed U.C.A. flier, dated in ms.: 1944.

Folder 9

Le messager de la libertÉ: le numero de la liberation (55 pages) #D802.B4, Series: "3. Publications of other liberation groups, 1943-1945." Folder 9

A publication of the Allies and Belgians in London. It was dropped in Belgium by the Royal Air Force.

Folder 10

Publications of the ComitÉs de lutte syndicale #D802.B4, Series: "3. Publications of other liberation groups, 1943-1945." Folder 10

Flier announcing meeting for October 22, 1944. Bulletin no. 1 du Syndicat unique des Agents communaux, October, 1944; UnitÉ syndicale, organe de FÉdÉration brabançonne des ComitÉs de lutte syndicale. Number 2, September, 1944.

Folder 11

Le peuple, organe central du Parti socialiste belge (P.S.B.) #D802.B4, Series: "3. Publications of other liberation groups, 1943-1945." Folder 11

Four issues dated February 1944-July 1945.

Folder 12

Le partisan: organe national de combat de l'ArmÉe belge des partisans #D802.B4, Series: "3. Publications of other liberation groups, 1943-1945." Folder 12

Number 27, September 1944.

Folder 13

L'echo belgique, organ of the FÉdÉration nationale des croix de guerre belge #D802.B4, Series: "3. Publications of other liberation groups, 1943-1945." Folder 13

Number 29, 23 September 1944

Folder 14

Bulletin de press, publiÉ par les "AmitiÉs belgo-sovietiques" #D802.B4, Series: "3. Publications of other liberation groups, 1943-1945." Folder 14

29 numbers, dated 10 September-18 October 1944. Sometimes headed: Radio-Moscou.

Folder 15

La belgique nouvelle, organ indÉpendant d'Union et d'action nationales #D802.B4, Series: "3. Publications of other liberation groups, 1943-1945." Folder 15

Number 47-48, August-September 1944.

Folder 16

La legion noire #D802.B4, Series: "3. Publications of other liberation groups, 1943-1945." Folder 16

December 1943 and January 1944.

Folder 17

Student publications #D802.B4, Series: "3. Publications of other liberation groups, 1943-1945." Folder 17

L'etudiant libÉral bruxellois: organe du Cercle des etudiants libÉraux de l'UniversitÉ libre de Bruxelles. Number 2, September 1944; Jeunesse nouvelle: organe national des jeunes gardes socialistes unifies. Number 3, September 30, 1944.

Back to Top

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 4. Unattributed material, 1944?

Back to Top

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 5. Oversized posters, 1944?

4 items.

Arrangement: Alphabetically by publication title.

Folder 20

Posters, chiefly bilingual, chiefly issued by the Front de l'indÉpendance. #D802.B4, Series: "5. Oversized posters, 1944?" Folder 20

A la population: L'offensive contre les profiteurs a commencÉ. Signed: Le ComitÉ rÉgional du F.I. de Bruxelles.

Front de l'indÉpendance, Section de Schaerbeer: Aux Schaerbeekois!

Front de l'IndÉpendence, Section locale d'Ixelles: ComitÉ d'Épuration.

MNB-FI: Chers concitoyens, La guerre s'eloigne ...

Back to Top

Processing Information

Processed by: Roberta Engleman, October 2006

Encoded by: Roberta Engleman, October 2006

Back to Top