This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the Duplication Policy section for more information.
|Size||4.0 feet of linear shelf space (approximately 130 items)|
|Abstract||The Alamance Cotton Mill was established by Edwin Michael Holt and his brother-in-law, William A. Carrigan, in 1837, signalling the start of industrial development in Alamance County, N.C. The Alamance factory was located on Great Alamance Creek, site of Holt's father's grist mill. The plant was under Holt management for 89 years, during which time the Holt family controlled most of the county's cotton manufacture. The Alamance Cotton Mill operated under various names, including Holt and Carrigan, E.M. Holt and Company, E.M. Holt's Sons, and the L. Banks Holt Manufacturing Company. Business records and scattered business correspondence of the Alamance Cotton Mill include production, shipping, and time records; store accounts; letter books; and other materials relating to manufacture and sales. Papers are chiefly dated 1838-1884, with a gap from 1853 to 1868.|
|Creator||Alamance Cotton Mill (Alamance County, N.C.)|
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Alamance Factory was built in 1837 by Edwin Michael Holt on Great Alamance Creek, the site of his father's grist mill. Though there were already perhaps two small mills in operation in Alamance County, this date may be considered the beginning of the industrial development of the county. Holt and his heirs dominated the industrial life of the county for the next century.
Alamance Factory continued under Holt management for 89 years; and twenty-four of the county's twenty-nine cotton mills were controlled by members of the Holt family for periods ranging from fourteen to eighty-nine mills, during the period of development.Back to Top
Scattered business and miscellaneous papers, 1839-1926, and 34 volumes, 1844-1926, including 11 oversized volumes. The volumes include merchandise ledgers, store journals, shipping and production books, time books, letter books, invoice books, and other records relating to manufacture and sales.Back to Top
Scattered business papers, 1839-1926.
Merchandise ledgers, store journals, shipping and production books, time books, letter books, invoice books, and other records relating to manufacture and sales.
|Oversize Volume SV-4/2||
Volume 2. 1845-1853. E. M. Holt & Co., merchandise ledger. #00004, Series: "2. Volumes, 1844-1925." SV-4/2
Formerly folder 5.
|Oversize Volume SV-4/7||
Volume 7. 1887-1899. E. M. Holt's Sons, Alamance Factory, store journal. #00004, Series: "2. Volumes, 1844-1925." SV-4/7
Formerly Folder 11.
|Oversize Volume SV-4/9||
Volume 9. 1890-1899. E. M. Holt's Sons, miscellaneous ledger. #00004, Series: "2. Volumes, 1844-1925." SV-4/9
Formerly Folder 13.
|Oversize Volume SV-4/10||
Volume 10. January 1890-January 1900. Alamance Factory, production book. #00004, Series: "2. Volumes, 1844-1925." SV-4/10
Formerly Folder 14.
|Oversize Volume SV-4/11||
Volume 11. January 1890-June 1901. Alamance Cotton Mills, time book. #00004, Series: "2. Volumes, 1844-1925." SV-4/11
Formerly Folder 15.
|Oversize Volume SV-4/13||
Volume 13. February 1900-July 1908. Commercial National Bank account. 1910-1913. Inventory of Alamance Store. #00004, Series: "2. Volumes, 1844-1925." SV-4/13
Formerly Folder 17.
|Oversize Volume SV-4/15||
Volume 15. July 1900-October 1912. Alamance Cotton Mills, time book. #00004, Series: "2. Volumes, 1844-1925." SV-4/15
Formerly Folder 19.
|Oversize Volume SV-4/22||
Volume 22. September 1908-May 1920. Alamance Cotton Mills, rent book and mill accounts. #00004, Series: "2. Volumes, 1844-1925." SV-4/22
Formerly Folder 26.
|Oversize Volume SV-4/23||
Volume 23. September 1908-March 1926. Alamance Cotton Mills, cotton book. #00004, Series: "2. Volumes, 1844-1925." SV-4/23
Formerly Folder 27.
|Oversize Volume SV-4/28||
Volume 28. July 1912-May 1916. L. Banks Holt Mfg. Co., Alamance Cotton Mills, colored cotton register. #00004, Series: "2. Volumes, 1844-1925." SV-4/28
Formerly Folder 32.
|Oversize Volume SV-4/34||
Volume 34. 1867-1885. E. M. Holt's Sons, general merchandise ledger. #00004, Series: "2. Volumes, 1844-1925." SV-4/34
Formerly Folder 38
Processed by: SHC Staff, 1997
Encoded by: ByteManagers Inc., 2008
Updated by: Dawne Howard Lucas and Nancy Kaiser, September 2020Back to Top