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|Abstract||James B. Bailey (1820-1864), his wife, Mary N. Bailey, and their children, including their son, C.O. Bailey, moved from Hickory Bend, a plantation near Montgomery, Ala., to Alachua County, Fla., near Gainesville, in 1852. There, Bailey became active in local politics as county treasurer (circa 1857), candidate for commissioner of roads, and member of the county's Central Committee, which coordinated mobilization for the Civil War. During the war, Bailey served as Superintendant of Labor for the Engineers Department of Eastern District Florida. C.O. Bailey attended West Military Institute in Nashville, Tenn. Chiefly personal and business correspondence, the collection also contains financial and legal papers, school reports, and other materials. Much of the personal correspondence is from friends and relatives in Alabama. Subjects include social and economic conditions, especially near Montgomery, Ala.; family news; slavery; and the Civil War, especially activity near Tullahoma, Tenn., reported by William H. Ogbourne in 1863, and in the letters of C.O. Bailey with the Army of Northern Virginia near Richmond in 1864.|
|Creator||Bailey, James B. (James Bledsoe), 1820-1864.|
|Curatorial Unit||University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Southern Historical Collection.|
Processed by: Lisa Tolbert, June 1990
Encoded by: ByteManagers Inc., 2008Back to Top
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James B. Bailey (1820-1864), his wife, Mary N. Bailey, and their children, including their son, C.O. Bailey, moved from Hickory Bend, a plantation near Montgomery, Ala., to Alachua County, Fla., near Gainesville, in 1852. There, Bailey became active in local politics as county treasurer (circa 1857), candidate for commissioner of roads, and member of the county's Central Committee, which coordinated mobilization for the Civil War. During the war, Bailey served as Superintendant of Labor for the Engineers Department of Eastern District Florida. C.O. Bailey attended West Military Institute in Nashville, Tenn.Back to Top
Correspondence is from four rather distinct periods.
1847-1851. Chiefly copies of James B. Bailey's outgoing business letters, written at Hickory Bend in Alabama, which offer detailed information about his financial situation. There are also two letters to William H. Ogbourne (his brother-in-law?) severing ties between the two families because of Ogbourne's attentions to Mrs. T. H. Bailey.
1853-1859. Chiefly letters to Mary N. Bailey in Florida from friends and relatives in Alabama. These letters describe the exodus of her former neighbors, moving to Florida, Arkansas, and Texas; planting conditions for corn, peas, potatoes, and especially cotton; yellow fever epidemics in Montgomery; and other news of family and friends. Several of these letters are from William H. Ogbourne in Montgomery to his sister. Scattered business letters of James B. Bailey continue. Letters from James to Mary in 1859 document his trip north to Washington, DC, New York, and Montreal.
1860-1864. Letters from C. O. Bailey attending the West Military Institute in Nashville, Tennessee on the eve of secession; and Civil War correspondence of James and his son. In 1860, C. O. Bailey wrote from school describing Union sentiment in Nashville conflicting with the widely secessionist views of students. James B. Bailey's correspondence for this period documents his activities as a member of the Central Committee of Alachua County, particularly their responsibility for supplying uniforms to newly organized regiments in the area. Bailey died in March 1864. Letters containing the most detailed information about life in the trenches are from William H. Ogbourne, camped near Tullahoma, Tennessee in 1863, and C. O. Bailey, with the Army of Northern Virginia near Richmond in 1864.
1872-1885. Correspondence of the descendants of James B. Bailey, possibly his grandchildren. These letters focus primarily on family matters and contain little information about postwar adjustment.
Undated correspondence documents James B. Bailey's candidacy for commissioner of roads and includes letters of his postwar descendants.
Financial and Legal papers include deeds to land near Gainesville, Florida (Bailey's connection to these documents is unclear); tax receipts; and miscellaneous accounts. Civil War materials document Bailey's activities as Superintendant of Labor for the Engineers Department of Eastern District Florida, including lists of slaves assigned to the department, showing their names, ages, and owners' names. A few papers relate to Bailey's estate.
Other papers include school reports of Maggie Bailey at East Florida Seminary (1871-1872), poetry, recipes, and an undated clothing list with names and measurements possibly of Civil War soldiers.Back to Top