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|Size||16.5 feet of linear shelf space (approximately 5000 items)|
|Abstract||Joseph Blount Cheshire (1850-1932) was Episcopal bishop of North Carolina from 1893 until 1932. Correspondence, sermons, speeches and writings, reports, financial and legal material, clippings and volumes documenting the work of Joseph Blount Cheshire. Also included are minutes and account books of diocesan organizations, 1828-1884, before Cheshire became bishop. The addition of February 2000 contains family letters from Joseph Blount Cheshire (1814-1899), Episcopal priest in Edgecombe and Halifax counties, and letters of Theophilus Parker (1775-1849) and John Haywood Parker, as well as speeches and writings by Joseph Blount Cheshire (1850-1932) and account books of attorney Joseph Blount Cheshire (1882-1961) of Raleigh, N.C.|
|Creator||Cheshire, Joseph Blount, 1850-1932.|
The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.
Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.
Joseph Blount Cheshire, son of the Reverend Joseph Blount Cheshire (1814-1899) and Elizabeth Toole Parker Cheshire, was born in Tarboro, N.C., 27 March 1850. In 1869, he received a B.A. from Trinity College, in Hartford, Conn. After he graduated from college, Cheshire taught Greek and Latin at St. Clement's Hall in Ellicott City, Md.
In 1871, Cheshire moved back to North Carolina and began studying law under William Ruffin of Hillsborough and then under Judge George Howard of Tarboro. Cheshire was licensed to practice law in 1872. He began his work as a lawyer in Baltimore, Md., with his college friend George Hooper. Fifteen months later, Cheshire joined the the law firm of Colonel John L. Bridgers and his son in Tarboro, N.C.
In 1876, Cheshire began to consider becoming a candidate for holy orders and began studying theology under the direction of his father. In 1878, he was ordained a deacon in the Episcopal Church. Kemp Battle, president of the University of North Carolina, requested that Cheshire be assigned to Chapel of the Cross in Chapel Hill. While at Chapel of the Cross, Cheshire organized the mission of St. Phillip's in Durham.
Cheshire was ordained in 1880. In 1881, he became rector of St. Peter's Church in Charlotte; he was rector there for twelve years. During this time, Cheshire was deeply involved in mission work in Charlotte and the surrounding counties. In Charlotte, he organized St. Martin's Church and St. Michael and All Angels, a black mission. He also organized St. Mark's mission in Mecklenburg and St. Paul's mission in Monroe. He was actively involved in building two hospitals in the Charlotte area, St. Peter's and Good Samaritan. In addition, Cheshire, with the help of the Reverend E. A. Osborne, established the Thompson Orphanage in Charlotte.
In October 1893, Cheshire was elected Bishop Coadjuator to Bishop Thomas Lyman. After the death of Bishop Lyman in December 1893, Cheshire became the first native North Carolinian to be elected bishop of the Diocese of North Carolina.
Cheshire accomplished much during his tenure as Bishop and was prominent in the national church. He was very interested in the cause of mission and promoted the growth of the Episcopal Church in the mountains of western North Carolina. In 1895, his efforts led to the creation of a separate mission district in the western part of the state, which was later given its own bishop.
Cheshire was also noted for his contributions to education in the diocese. At his urging, St. Mary's School in Raleigh, now St. Mary's College, became a diocesan institution. (It had been a private girls' school run by an Episcopal clergyman and was failing.) Under Cheshire's leadership, its endowment grew and its success was insured. Cheshire also established St. Augustine's School in Raleigh, which was devoted to the education of African-Americans.
Cheshire's relationship with black Episcopalians in the Diocese was apparently very good. During his episcopacy, Henry B. Delany, a black clergyman, was elected Suffragan Bishop. Cheshire served on the General Convention's Joint Commission on a Racial Episcopate. He did not support separation of the races, but supported the idea of separate bishops for blacks after he was persuaded that blacks themselves preferred it.
Cheshire was a writer and a historian as well as a clergyman. He was elected president of the State Literary and Historical Association in 1930. His most famous historical work, The Church in the Confederate States, was published in 1912. Nonnulla, a book of reminiscences, Cheshire's most popular book, was published in 1930.
Cheshire married Annie Huske Webb of Hillsborough, N.C., in 1874. They had six children: Elizabeth Toole, Sarah, Joseph Blount, Jr., Annie, James Webb, and Godfrey. Cheshire's wife died in 1897, and two years later, he married again. His second wife was Elizabeth Lansdale Mitchell of Beltsville, Md. They had no children.
After 1922, Cheshire gradually began to turn over his episcopal duties to his Bishop Coadjutor, the Reverend Edwin Penick. Joseph Blount Cheshire died 27 December 1932.Back to Top
Most of the collection documents the professional life of Joseph Blount Cheshire. The professional material consists of correspondence, speeches and writings, and subject files documenting Cheshire's activities as a clergyman and bishop from 1878 to 1932.
Before the addition of February 2000, personal and family materials were scant. A memoir Cheshire wrote about his father is in Subseries 2.2. About thirty miscellaneous personal items are in Subseries 3.4. There are a few personal letters in Series 1. The addition of February 2000 contains many family letters, 1800-1856, mostly of Cheshire's grandfather, Theophilus Parker, and uncle, John Haywood Parker, and many letters to Cheshire from his father, 1866-1897.
Also included in the collection are minutes and account books pertaining to various diocesan organizations, dating from the period prior to Cheshire's election to the episcopacy. These materials are in Series 3.
The addition of February 2000 also contains many speeches and writings by Cheshire and account books of his son, Joseph Blount Cheshire, a lawyer in Raleigh, N.C.Back to Top
Correspondence between Cheshire and bishops, clergy, laity, and others relating to church activities in the Diocese of North Carolina, settlements of disputes, financial issues, doctrine, theology, race relations, the institution of marriage, the church during World War I, and many other topics.
Correspondence is divided into two sections: incoming letters, and handwritten copies of outgoing letters. Incoming material does include a few copies of outgoing letters, because Cheshire occasionally jotted responses on the backs of incoming letters. However, most of the outgoing letters in this collection are included in twenty-three letterpress books, which are filed separate from incoming letters.
Correspondents include Kemp P. Battle, Julian S. Carr, H. G. Connor, Locke Craig, Josephus Daniels, Henry B. Delany, W. C. Dewitt, W. H. Hardin, Archibald Henderson, John S. Henderson, W. A. Hoke, F. F. Johnson, W. W. Kitchin, A. S. Lloyd, Theodore Lyman, J. S. Manning, Hugh Morson, M. C. S. Noble, Edwin Penick, E. A. Osborne, Walter H. Page, A. M. Randolph, Frederick F. Reese, F. M. Simmons, Robert Strange, Francis P. Venable, and A. M. Waddell. Of particular interest are letters from individuals in Warren County relating to the lynching there in 1921 (folder 131).
For more information about the Diocese of North Carolina see Subseries 3.1 and for more information about Cheshire's involvement in the Episcopal Church see Subseries 3.2. For family correspondence, see the addition of February 2000.
[Note: this material was transferred to this collection after the rest of the material in the collection had been arranged. It is thus is filed at the end of the collection, Boxes 7 and 8.]
Sermons, sermon notes, and two small notebooks in which Cheshire kept a record of sermons he gave and where he gave them. Cheshire numbered his sermons from 1 to 369, dating from 1877 to 1932. A few are missing. They are followed by some unnumbered sermons and sermon notes. Cheshire's sermon notebooks provide a record of Cheshire's episcopal visitations to churches in the Diocese of North Carolina.
See additional sermons in the addition of February 2000.
Arrangement: alphabetical by title.
Handwritten and typed versions of speeches and writings by Cheshire, programs from events at which he spoke, publication material relating to his book The Church in the Confederate States, and a notebook of his private prayers (folder 227). Also included are a few writings by others (folder 233). The addition of February 2000 contains more speeches and writings.
Arrangement: alphabetical by subject.
Reports, account books, receipts, typed transcriptions and handwritten copies of wills and deeds, minutes, programs, pamphlets, programs, and clippings relating to various organizations of the Diocese of North Carolina. Most of the material dates from Cheshire's episcopacy. There are some items that predate his tenure as bishop and are indicated on the folder list by their dates.
See more Diocese of North Carolina files in the addition of February 2000.
Arrangement: alphabetical by subject.
Reports, minutes, manuscript drafts of position papers, and other material relating to Cheshire's involvement in the House of Bishops of the General Convention, the national organization of the Episcopal Church. Included are materials from several committees and commissions on which Cheshire served; materials from meetings of the Province of Sewannee, a regional division of the national church; and materials relating to the University of the South in Sewannee, Tennessee.
Receipts from The Church Messenger, a paper published in Rock Hill, S.C. Cheshire seems to have been involved with the paper while he was rector of St. Peter's Church in Charlotte, from 1878 to 1893.
Receipts, budgets, stock and tax certificates, indentures,Cheshire's son Godfrey's grade reports from the University of the South, and other personal materials.
See additional personal materials in the additions of February 2000 and October 2002.
Account books, 1911-1954, of Joseph Blount Cheshire (1882-1961), an attorney in Raleigh, N.C., and the son of Joseph Blount Cheshire (1850-1932). Also included are a power of attorney from Augustine Washington Tucker to Joseph Blount Cheshire, Jr., 1916; a plat of a subdivision owned by Joseph Blount Cheshire, Jr., and J.C. Webb in Edenton, N.C., 1923; and a lease for a store building in Raleigh, N.C., 1931.
Arrangement: by subject.
|Image Folder P-146/1||
Cheshire, Joseph Blount (1814-1899) and Calvary Church, Tarboro, N.C. One picture of Joseph Blount Cheshire (1814-1899) and Elizabeth Toole Parker Cheshire standing in the churchyard of Calvary Church in Tarboro, N.C., and several pictures of the church building. #00146, Series: "5. Pictures, circa circa 1875-1918." P-146/1
|Image Folder P-146/2|
|Image Folder P-146/3|
|Image Folder P-146/4||
Pictures. Pictures of five Episcopal bishops of North Carolina; a photograph of a woman, Charlotte, N.C.; pictures of the Communion silver of Christ Church, New Bern, and St. Paul's Church, Edenton; a picture, 1917, of St. John's Church, Williamsboro, built in 1767; a picture, 1918, of the seal of the Diocese of North Carolina; and a photographic print of a drawing showing the arrival of English ships in Virginia (North Carolina), 1584. #00146, Series: "5. Pictures, circa circa 1875-1918." P-146/4
Records of the baptisms, at St. Peter's Episcopal Church in Charlotte, N.C., of four of the children of Joseph Blount Cheshire (1850-1932), and other genealogical information about the Cheshire, Webb, and related families.
Processed by: Marion Presler, August 1987; Linda Sellars, March 2002
Encoded by: ByteManagers Inc., 2008
Items separated include pictures (P-146) and oversize papers (OP-146).Back to Top