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This collection was processed with support from the Randleigh Foundation Trust.
|Abstract||Josiah Gorgas was a United States and later Confederate ordnance officer. The collection contains diaries, 1857-1864 and 1864-1878, of Josiah Gorgas, describing his life as a United States army ordnance officer stationed at Augusta, Me., Charleston, S.C., and Frankford Arsenal, Pa.; as Confederate Chief of Ordnance in Richmond, Va.; and after the war as a private citizen. The diaries describe home and family life, weather and antebellum social life in New England, the growing sectional political tensions, and, after joining the Confederate cause, economic, political, and social conditions in Richmond, Va., where he spent most of the war years. After the war, Gorgas managed the Brierfield Iron Works in Alabama and then was professor of engineering and president of the University of the South at Sewanee, Tenn., 1867-1877. Also included is a letter, 1863, from Colonel Hugh K. Aiken, C.S.A., concerning the sale of the Charleston and Savannah Railroad and the exchange of Confederate prisoners of war.|
|Creator||Gorgas, Josiah, 1818-1883.|
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Josiah Gorgas was born in Pennsylvania in 1818 and was graduated from West Point in 1841. He worked for the United States Army in the ordnance department from 1841 to 1861 and was stationed at Augusta, Me., from January 1857 until June 1858. He was transferred that June to Charleston Arsenal where he remained until July 1860, when he was moved to Frankford Arsenal near Philadelphia.
In 1861, Gorgas was stationed in Richmond, Va., as Chief of Confederate Ordnance. He was made brigadier-general in 1864. After the war, Gorgas managed the Brierfield Iron Works in Alabama until 1867. He worked at the University of the South at Sewanee, Tenn., from 1869 to 1877 as professor of engineering and vice-chancellor. He was president of the University of Alabama, 1877-1878. In 1878, he resigned due to poor health and moved to Tuscaloosa, Ala., where he died that year.Back to Top
Letter to Gorgas from Col. Aiken about the sale of the Charleston and Savannah Railroad and exchange of Confederate prisoners of war; journal with many interesting details of the last period of the Civil War, Gorgas's travels in search of employment, the disrupted conditions for both whites and African-Americans, political and social situations, with mention of many leaders in the Confederacy, and other aspects of Gorgas's life after the war; and microfilmed journal of Gorgas's life before the war in New England, life in Richmond during the war, and the progress of the war with summaries of major events.Back to Top
Microfilm (M-279/1)Back to Top
Processed by: Suzanne Ruffing, July 1996
Encoded by: ByteManagers Inc., 2008
Updated by: Nancy Kaiser, October 2020
This collection was processed with support from the Randleigh Foundation Trust.Back to Top