Collection Number: 00300

Collection Title: E. J. Hale Papers, 1815-1936

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the Duplication Policy section for more information.

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Size 2.0 feet of linear shelf space (approximately 550 items)
Abstract Edward Joseph Hale was editor of the Fayetteville (N.C.) Observer; Confederate officer; United States consul in Manchester, England, 1885-1889; and United States envoy to Costa Rica, 1913-1916. Papers include E. J. Hale's correspondence, letterbooks, and other items relating to his diplomatic posts; his interest in canal projects at the Isthmus (a small amount), in England, and in North Carolina; state and national politics; and family business matters. The collection includes official and personal correspondence with Woodrow Wilson and correspondence of Hale's sons, Thomas Hill Hale and Frederick Toomer Hale, in Fayetteville, N.C., and Santa Cruz, Calif., concerning family business and the Depression, 1928-1936.
Creator Hale, E. J. (Edward Joseph).
Curatorial Unit Southern Historical Collection
Language English
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Restrictions to Access
No restrictions. Open for research.
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the E. J. Hale #300, Southern Historical Collection, Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Acquisitions Information
Received from E. J. Hale of Fayetteville, N.C., in 1936; from Lucy Seawell Costen of Gatesville, N.C., in 1966; from Charles B. Overman of Falls Church, Va., in May 1968.
Sensitive Materials Statement
Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, the North Carolina Public Records Act (N.C.G.S. § 132 1 et seq.), and Article 7 of the North Carolina State Personnel Act (Privacy of State Employee Personnel Records, N.C.G.S. § 126-22 et seq.). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill assumes no responsibility.
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The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.

Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Biographical Information

Edward Joseph Hale, son of Edward Jones Hale and Sarah Jane Walker, was graduated from the University of North Carolina in 1860 as valedictorian. He worked briefly for his father, who was founding editor of the Fayetteville Observer, before enlisting in the Confederate Army. He achieved the rank of major in the Confederate army and remained in service until his surrender with Lane's Brigade at Appomattox. Because of the Observer's support of the Confederacy, Sherman had destroyed its printing presses, which put a temporary end to the enterprise. After the war, Hale entered a mercantile house in New York, where he eventually became a partner. He moved back to North Carolina in 1875 and, in 1882, reestablished the Fayetteville Observer.

Hale was a delegate to the National Democratic Convention in 1884 for which he drafted a tariff plank for its platform. The following year, he was appointed to the position of consul to Manchester, England, a key post because of extensive cotton trade between the South and the manufacturing interests in that city. After his consulship, Hale became the confidential financial agent of the North England Trust Company and was sent to India to investigate the indigo industry and make investments. From 1890 to 1891, he lived in New York as commissioner of the Manchester Ship Canal in North America.

Hale returned to North Carolina in 1892 and resumed the editorship of the Observer and his position in state politics. In 1894, he was again a member of the North Carolina Democratic Convention, drawing up the National part of the State Platform. He served again in 1896, 1900, 1904 and 1906.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Scope and Content

The collection includes correspondence and other papers of E. J. Hale and Hale family members. Included is official and personal correspondence with Woodrow Wilson and with Hale's sons, Thomas Hill Hale and Frederick Toomer Hale, concerning family business and the Depression, 1928-1936. Much of the correspondence while Hale was consul to England relates to immigration to the United States, the Manchester Ship Canal, the indigo industry of India, the 1916 coup d'etat in Mexico, and trade laws. Other papers include special passports and certificates from his consul position, recommendations and endorsements, speeches and articles from both abroad and in North Carolina, newspaper clippings, and some biographical information.

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Contents list

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 1. Correspondence, 1846-1936.

About 310 items.

Arrangement: chronological.

Correspondence in both letterbook form and loose letters, chiefly 1885-1915. After 1920, correspondence is with E. J. Hale's two sons, Frederick Toomer Hale and Thomas Hill Hale, on family business matters and the Great Depression. Also included is correspondence in 1922 on Hale's death and estate.

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 1.1. Letterbooks, 1877-1889.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 1.2. Loose Letters, 1847-1936.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 2. Consul Material, 1884-1916.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 3. Other Papers, 1880-1936.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 4. Pictures, undated.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Items Separated

Pictures (PF-300/1)

Oversize papers (XOPF-300/1)

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Processing Information

Processed by: Suzanne Ruffing, March 1996

Encoded by: Rachel Canada, May 2004

Updated by: Nancy Kaiser, November 2020

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