Collection Number: 00324

Collection Title: Hayes Collection, 1694-1928

This collection has access restrictions. For details, please see the restrictions.

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the Duplication Policy section for more information.


This collection was processed with support from the sponsorship of a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities, Office of Preservation, Washington, D.C., 1990-1993.

This collection was microfilmed with support from the National Endowment for the Humanities and the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.

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Size 32.0 feet of linear shelf space (approximately 20,000 items)
Abstract The Hayes Collection documents three generations of the Johnston family and two generations of the Wood family who owned and managed Hayes in Chowan County, Caledonia in Halifax County, and Poplar Plains in Pasquotank County, as well as the people enslaved by these families who provided the labor at these plantations. The collection consists of correspondence, diaries, financial materials (bills of sale for enslaved people and other receipts, contracts for the hiring out of enslaved people, lists of enslaved people, account books, bonds), legal materials (wills, agreements, indentures, deeds of property and land, petitions, judgments, and suits), and photographs. Topics include politics, particularly of the colonial era, the American Revolution, and the early United States; the development and management of several plantations, as well as several fisheries, of which Greenfield in Chowan County was most prominent; the slave labor system, including the sale, purchase, and hiring out of enslaved people, and the use of enslaved people as overseers; self-emancipation and other acts of resistance by enslaved people; merchants and mercantilism; banking and finance; trade and shipping; the homefront during the Civil War; the fishing industry during the Civil War; Reconstruction and the transition to a tenant labor and sharecropping system; contemporary family life and social customs; men's education, including higher education at the College of New Jersey (now Princeton University), the University of Virginia and the University of North Carolina; women's education; health, mental illness, and medical treatments; travel; the economy; and the law, particularly estate administration. Pictures include photographs of portraits of Johnston and Wood family members and others, and images of the Hayes plantation house.
Creator Johnston family.



Wood family.
Curatorial Unit University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Southern Historical Collection.
Language English
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Restrictions to Access
This collection contains additional materials that are not available for immediate or same day access. Please contact Research and Instructional Service staff at wilsonlibrary@unc.edu to discuss options for consulting these materials.
Restrictions to Use
No usage restrictions.
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the Hayes Collection #324, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Alternate Form of Material
Part of this collection is available on microfilm (filmed September 1977).
Alternate Form of Material
Some digitized portions of this collection may be transcribed and are available through From the Page: Hayes Collection.
Acquisitions Information
Received on deposit from John Gilliam Wood in 1977 (Acc. 77094, 81027); as gift from John Gilliam Wood, John Gilliam Wood Jr., Edward Wood, and Heide Wood in 1983 and from James P. Dees of Statesville, N.C., in May 1988 (Acc. 88064).
Additional Descriptive Resources
Original description of microfilm edition of the Hayes Collection and index of personal names and subjects as pdf files. The index cards used to create the attached index can be found in boxes 78 and 79.
Sensitive Materials Statement
Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, the North Carolina Public Records Act (N.C.G.S. § 132 1 et seq.), and Article 7 of the North Carolina State Personnel Act (Privacy of State Employee Personnel Records, N.C.G.S. § 126-22 et seq.). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill assumes no responsibility.
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The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.

Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.

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Gabriel Johnston (1699-1752) was born in Scotland, but moved to North Carolina in 1734 following his appointment as royal governor to the colony. He married Penelope Golland, step-daughter of Governor Charles Eden and widow of William Maule, John Lovick, and George Phenney. They had one daughter, Penelope, who in 1758 married John Dawson, son of the president of William and Mary College. Gabriel Johnston also had children named Polly, Caroline, Isabel, and Henry, although their mother's identity is unclear. Following his wife Penelope's death, Gabriel Johnston married Frances Button, who after Gabriel's death would later marry John Rutherford. During his political career Gabriel Johnston worked to improve the collection of quitrents and negotiated a partial settlement of the boundary dispute between North and South Carolina. He also accumulated over a thousand acres of land, including the Possum Quarter and Fishing Creek plantations in Granville County, N.C.; Conahoe in Tyrell County, N.C.; and Mount Gallant in Northampton County, N.C. He lived at Eden House on the Chowan River in Bertie County, N.C., where he died in 1752.

Gabriel Johnston's brother, Samuel Johnston (1702-1757), moved to North Carolina in 1735 after having been appointed surveyor-general of the colony. At his death, he owned over 10,000 acres of land in Craven County, N.C., and Onslow County, N.C. He grew corn and indigo and made tar. Prior to leaving Scotland, Samuel Johnston married Helen Scrymsoure and with her had several children: Jean, who married George Blair, an Edenton merchant; Hannah, who married James Iredell, Edenton lawyer and later United States Supreme Court justice; and Isabella, who was engaged to Joseph Hewes, a signer of the Declaration of Independence, but died before the marriage took place.

Samuel and Helen's son, Samuel Johnston (1733-1816), a lawyer, politician, plantation owner, and enslaver, was born in Dundee, Scotland, on 15 December 1733 and came with his parents to North Carolina when he was two years old. He left the colony in 1750 to study in New Haven, Conn., and was later admitted to the law school at Yale College in 1751. He returned to Edenton in the fall of 1753 to read law under Thomas Barker. In May 1755, Johnston was appointed clerk of the Court of Oyer and Terminer and General Gaol Delivery for the Edenton district, and, on 16 October 1756, he was admitted to the bar. He was elected to the Colonial Assembly in 1759 and purchased the post of deputy naval officer of the colony in 1770. He served in both positions until 1775. During the Revolutionary War, Samuel Johnston served in a number of political capacities. He was a member of the First and Second Provincial Congresses, served as president for the Third and Fourth Provincial Congresses, and acted as treasurer of the Northern District between 1775 and 1777. Johnston was consulted in the drafting of the state constitution and served as paymaster of troops for the Edenton district. In 1779, he served as state senator for Chowan County, but left the position in 1780 to serve as one of North Carolina's delegates to the Continental Congress in Philadelphia, Pa. In 1782, Johnston returned to his law practice, which he had closed prior to the war, and again served as state senator for Chowan County from 1783 to 1784. He was elected governor of North Carolina in 1787, and served in that capacity until 1789. As president of North Carolina's constitutional conventions of 1788 and 1789, he assisted in the ratification of the United States Constitution. In 1790, he moved to Philadelphia, Pa., where he served in Congress for three years. Between 1800 and 1803, he was a judge on the North Carolina Superior Court of Law and Equity. Johnston had extensive landholdings, most significant were his three plantations that were dependent on enslaved labor: Hayes in Chowan County, Caledonia in Halifax County, and Hermitage in Martin County. He also owned acreage in Pasquotank, Currituck, Tyrell, and Bertie counties. He married Frances Cathcart, daughter of Dr. William Cathcart, in May 1770. He and his wife had nine children, only four of whom survived to adulthood: Penelope, who married John Swann; Frances; Helen; and James Cathcart.

James Cathcart Johnston (1782-1865), plantation owner, enslaver, and businessman, was born 25 June 1782, in Edenton, N.C. He studied at the College of New Jersey (later Princeton University), from which he graduated in 1799. He returned to North Carolina to read law under his father's direction, and received a license to practice on 11 April 1804. Politics and law, however, did not interest him as it did his father, and Johnston elected to forge his livelihood in agriculture and trade, becoming one of the wealthiest North Carolina plantation owners, enslaving people and cultivating familial lands at Hayes, Caledonia, and Poplar Plains, as well as others that he purchased over the years. His main cash crop was corn, but he also grew wheat and cotton. The first plantation that Johnston managed was Poplar Plains, his father's Pasquotank County plantation on the Pasquotank River four miles below Elizabeth City. In 1804, he began extended visits to the plantation to oversee its development, including construction of a two-story house, a kitchen, a smokehouse, and three barns. In all, he farmed 2740 acres at Poplar Plains and at adjoining Pasquotank plantations called Body and Salem, the latter purchased from Joseph Blount in 1819. The largest of Johnston's plantations was Caledonia, located in Halifax County along the Roanoke River and inherited from his father. By 1860, he had increased its size to 7834 acres, with 271 enslaved people providing the labor. The plantation was managed by a succession of overseers, among them William B. Hathaway and Henry J. Futrell, as well as Peter and Aaron, enslaved people who served as foreman at Poplar Plains and Hayes respectively.

James Cathcart Johnston received Hayes Plantation by deed of gift dated 29 December 1814 from his father, who in his will instructed James to build a residence there for himself and his sisters. Johnston commissioned William Nichols, an English architect living in Edenton, to design the plantation house. Construction began in the fall of 1815, with enslaved and free artisans and laborers working alongside white craftsmen and workers to build Johnston's fashionable house. The Johnstons were living in it two years later. In 1860, James C. Johnston owned 1374 acres of land at Hayes and enslaved 103 people. Johnston lived at Hayes, but spent much of his time traveling to Caledonia and Poplar Plains to oversee personally their operation. His largest money crop was corn, and he also grew cotton and wheat. He raised some livestock, mostly hogs, sheep, and cattle. The plantation products to be sold were floated downriver on his own boats to storage firms at Plymouth, Elizabeth City, or Edenton. Then they were shipped, often by James's own schooners or canal boats to markets in New York, Baltimore, Norfolk, Charleston, or Savannah. Commission merchants in these cities handled James' profits, buying supplies for the plantations or investing the money in bank stocks and treasury notes for him. Johnston was keenly interested in agricultural reform and experimented with many inventions in agricultural machinery. At Hayes, he constructed a windmill that he later dismantled and replaced with steam engine-powered saw, grist, and flour mills. These proved to be worthwhile investments, producing lumber, flour, and corn meal. He experimented with the Cornell machine that made barrel staves, bought cotton gins and steam-powered threshing machines, and used fertilizers. He supported construction of canals as inland waterways over which to ship his products to market. He also had a vested interest in the shipping and ship building industries, owning many of the boats and schooners used to move his product to market. In addition to the profits made from his plantations, he invested heavily in bank stocks and treasury notes. Johnston never married but did have four daughters, Mary Virginia (1815-1840), Caroline, Louisa, and Annie Edith (1831-1879), with Edith ("Edy") Wood (1795-1846), an enslaved woman he had purchased in the late 1820s and then manumitted along with their children in 1832.* Johnston's nephew of the same name, James Cathcart Johnston, and his nephew's wife lived with him at Hayes for some time, and he financially supported a number of other relatives. Johnston doubted that any of his relatives could adequately run the plantations, and therefore bequeathed his properties to three friends: Christopher W. Hollowell, Henry J. Futrell, and Edward Wood.

Edward Wood (1820-1872), a plantation owner, enslaver, and businessman, ran several steam mills and fisheries prior to inheriting Hayes Plantation. In 1843, he opened a sawmill in Gatesville, N.C., where he made barrel headings and staves in addition to shingles. In 1844, he established Montpelier, a fishery on the Albemarle Sound. A year later, he had accumulated enough capital to purchase several town lots in Gatesville, 800 acres of land belonging to his father-in-law's estate, and several enslaved people. During the 1840s, Wood moved to Greenfield Plantation in Chowan County where he grew wheat, corn, and oats, and raised cattle, hogs, and sheep. In 1850, he acquired partial ownership in a steam mill at Hertford. In 1856, he bought town lots in Edenton and became a co-partner in the mercantile firm of J. M. Cox and Company of Hertford. Wood also was president of the Albemarle Sound Navigation Company, which owned steamboats and schooners that carried freight and passengers. During the Civil War, Wood was arrested and held hostage pending the release of a Confederate prisoner. It was during this time that he met James Cathcart Johnston, who participated in negotiations to free him. Shortly thereafter, Johnston selected Wood to be one of his heirs and co-executor of his estate. Following James Cathcart Johnston's death on 9 May 1865, Wood obtained the Hayes Plantation, including its plantation house and furnishings; Johnston's stock; and all the money Johnston had at his death. Towards the end of his life, Wood managed over 5000 acres at Hayes, Belvedere, Mulberry Hill, Atholl, Greenfield, Somerset, Ashland, Winslow, and Spruill farms, and had major crops in cotton, corn, wheat, orchard fruits, and vegetables. He also owned successful fisheries at Skinner Point, Greenfield, Montpelier, Frying Pan, and Drummond Point. Wood married Caroline Moore Gilliam (1824-1886) and with her had ten children: Mary Francis (born and died in 1845), Sarah Elizabeth (1846-1876), who married Octavius Coke, a North Carolina secretary of state, in 1906; Mary Moore (1848-1893); Edward (1851-1898); John Gilliam (1853-1920); James (1856-1876); Francis (1858-1926); Annie Augusta (b. 1861); Julian Gilliam (b. 1863); and Henry Gilliam (b. 1868). He also reportedly fathered a daughter, Mariah, by an enslaved woman.

At Wood's death in 1872, his wife Caroline and his brother William C. Wood took over the management of his properties. Caroline was active in running the Hayes Farm and had extensive correspondence with the wholesalers in the northern markets. Following the death of William C. Wood, Caroline was assisted by her sons, Edward and John Gilliam, who were educated at the University of Virginia, and Frank, who attended the University of North Carolina. Edward and Frank were instrumental in running the fisheries, while John Gilliam spent most of his time administering to the farms. Upon the decline of the fishing industry in the Albemarle Sound region, John Gilliam and Frank enlarged the farms to grow cotton, peanuts, and fruits. They were involved in the establishment of the Edenton Peanut Company, the Chowan Cotton Oil and Fertilizer Company, and the Edenton Cotton Mill Company, of which Frank became the president. He also served on the Chowan County Board of Commissioners and on the North Carolina Board of Agriculture. He and John Gilliam were directors of the Bank of Edenton, founded in 1894 by their brother Julian Gilliam.

The enslaved community at the Johnston and Wood family plantations numbered in the hundreds, if not more than 1000 people, over the period of 1735-1865. As of 1860, the U.S. federal census slave schedule indicates that James Cathcart Johnston enslaved 271 individuals, and Edward Wood enslaved 46 individuals. Lists of enslaved people and bills of sale for enslaved people may help to create a census of the individuals and families enslaved by the Johnstons and Wood. Many of the enslaved individuals at Hayes were engaged in planting and harvesting cotton and food crops, fishing, raising livestock, felling and milling trees for lumber, and running the house and kitchen. Enslaved people also grew their own crops and livestock, ennabling them to trade with merchants on credit brokered through Johnston's accounts. Corrrespondence and hiring out contracts may provide insights into the occupations and health of individuals.

*Biographical information about James Cathcart Johnston was updated in July 2022 to include information about Edith Wood and her children with Johnston based on research by Mary Maillard published in ""Faithfully Drawn from Real Life": Autobiographical Elements in Frank J. Webb's The Garies and Their Friends," The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography Vol. 137, No. 3 (July 2013), pp. 261-300.

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The Hayes Collection documents three generations of the Johnston family and two generations of the Wood family who owned and managed Hayes in Chowan County, Caledonia in Halifax County, and Poplar Plains in Pasquotank County, as well as the people enslaved by these families and who provided the labor for the plantations. The collection consists of correspondence, diaries, financial materials (bills of sale for enslaved people and other receipts, contracts for the hiring out of enslaved people, lists of enslaved people, account books, bonds), legal materials (wills, agreements, indentures, deeds of property and land, petitions, judgments, and suits), and photographs. Topics include politics, particularly of the colonial era, the American Revolution, and the early United States; the development and management of several plantations, as well as several fisheries, of which Greenfield in Chowan County was most prominent; the slave labor system, including the sale, purchase, and hiring out of enslaved people, and the use of enslaved people as overseers; self-emancipation and other acts of resistance by enslaved people; merchants and mercantilism; banking and finance; trade and shipping; the homefront during the Civil War; the fishing industry during the Civil War; Reconstruction and the transition to a tenant labor and sharecropping system; contemporary family life and social customs; men's education, including higher education at the College of New Jersey (now Princeton University), the University of Virginia and the University of North Carolina; women's education; health, mental illness, and medical treatments; travel; the economy; and the law, particularly estate administration. Pictures include photographs of portraits of Johnston and Wood family members and others, and images of the Hayes plantation house.

Parts of the collection were microfilmed in the 1980s, at which time the collection was divided into two subgroups identified as microfilmed or unmicrofilmed materials. Each subgroup is divided into Johnston or Wood family series. Materials donated after the microfilming of the collection can be found in the unmicrofilmed series.

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Contents list

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series Quick Links

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subgroup 1. Microfilmed materials.

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 1. Johnston Family, 1694-1865 and undated.

About 11,450 items.

Arrangement: chronological.

Correspondence and financial and legal materials documenting three generations of the Johnston family of North Carolina and others, including the people enslaved by them. Of note are materials relating to Gabriel Johnston (1699-1752), royal governor of the colony of North Carolina; and his brother, Samuel Johnston (1702-1757), plantation owner, enslaver, and surveyor-general of the colony of North Carolina; Samuel Johnston's son, Samuel Johnston (1733-1816), lawyer, governor, United States senator, judge, plantation owner, and enslaver; and Samuel Johnston's (1733-1816) son, James Cathcart Johnston (1782-1865), plantation owner, enslaver, and businessman. Enslaved people are documented in tax lists, bills of sale, hiring out contracts, and in correspondence. There are some letters written by enslaved people, but the majority of letters that report on the lives of enslaved people are written from the perspective of white people. These letters often provide the names of enslaved people and describe the work they performed, their acts of resistance, and health concerns.

Materials provide insight into North Carolina and United States history from the colonial period through the Civil War. Researchers will find the series rich in information on government and politics at both a state and national level; antebellum plantation management, including crop production and agricultural reform, sales and trade, overseers' roles, and the slave labor system; contemporary family life and social customs; education and school life; health, mental illness, and medical treatment; law, particularly estate administration; merchants and mercantilism; and banking and finance.

This series has been divided into two subseries based on material type. The first subseries contains loose papers while the second contains bound volumes, both of which have been arranged chronologically.

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 1.1. Johnston Family Papers 1694-1865.

About 11,350 items.

Arrangement: chronological.

Personal, business, and political correspondence, and financial and legal materials documenting the lives of three generations of the Johnston family of Edenton, N.C., the people enslaved by them, and early North Carolina and United States history. Researchers will find the series rich in information on government and politics at both a state and national level during the Colonial period, the Revolutionary War, and the early United States; antebellum plantation management including crop production and agricultural reform, shipping and trade, overseers' roles, and the slave labor system; contemporary family life and social customs; education and school life; health, mental illness, and medical treatment; law, particularly estate administration; merchants and mercantilism; and banking and finance. Legal and financial materials include indentures, deeds, surveys, wills, judgments and suits, bills of lading, receipts, bills of sale for enslaved people, account sheets and ledgers, and inventories.

Enslaved people are documented in tax lists, bills of sale, hiring out contracts, and in correspondence. There are some letters written by enslaved people, but the majority of letters that report on the lives of enslaved people are written from the perspective of white people. These letters often provide the names of enslaved people and describe the work they performed, their acts of resistance, and health concerns.

The series has been divided into three descriptive sections based on significant shifts that signal a change in the cast of characters and/or the subjects treated during a specific time span.

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 1.1.1. Johnston Family Papers, 1694-1759.

About 150 items.

Arrangement: chronological.

Financial papers and legal documents include agreements and indentures, deeds of land, legal suits, and wills that relate to Gabriel Johnston and his wife Penelope, step-daughter of Governor Charles Eden and the widow of William Maule, John Lovick, and George Phenney. The bulk of the materials relate to estate settlements for all of Penelope's previous husbands. However, there are a few land surveys that may have been prepared by Samuel Johnston (1705-1757). Materials relating to Gabriel Johnston's political career are few, although there are papers relating to the collection of quitrents, the dispute over the North and South Carolina border, and a 1748 address to the House of Burgesses. Some land grants date from the 1850s.

Materials documenting enslaved people include a list of enslaved people and a deed.

Folder 1

1694 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.1. Johnston Family Papers, 1694-1759." Folder 1

Folder 2

1709 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.1. Johnston Family Papers, 1694-1759." Folder 2

Folder 3

1712 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.1. Johnston Family Papers, 1694-1759." Folder 3

Folder 4

1713 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.1. Johnston Family Papers, 1694-1759." Folder 4

Folder 5

1714 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.1. Johnston Family Papers, 1694-1759." Folder 5

Folder 6

1715 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.1. Johnston Family Papers, 1694-1759." Folder 6

Folder 7

1716 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.1. Johnston Family Papers, 1694-1759." Folder 7

Folder 8

1717 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.1. Johnston Family Papers, 1694-1759." Folder 8

Folder 9

1718 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.1. Johnston Family Papers, 1694-1759." Folder 9

Folder 10

1720 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.1. Johnston Family Papers, 1694-1759." Folder 10

Folder 11

1721 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.1. Johnston Family Papers, 1694-1759." Folder 11

Folder 12

1722 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.1. Johnston Family Papers, 1694-1759." Folder 12

Folder 13

1723 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.1. Johnston Family Papers, 1694-1759." Folder 13

Folder 14

1725-1726 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.1. Johnston Family Papers, 1694-1759." Folder 14

Folder 15

1727 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.1. Johnston Family Papers, 1694-1759." Folder 15

Folder 16

1729 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.1. Johnston Family Papers, 1694-1759." Folder 16

Folder 17

1730 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.1. Johnston Family Papers, 1694-1759." Folder 17

Folder 18

1735 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.1. Johnston Family Papers, 1694-1759." Folder 18

Folder 19

1736 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.1. Johnston Family Papers, 1694-1759." Folder 19

June 23: List of enslaved people.

Folder 20

1737 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.1. Johnston Family Papers, 1694-1759." Folder 20

Folder 21

1738 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.1. Johnston Family Papers, 1694-1759." Folder 21

Folder 22

1739 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.1. Johnston Family Papers, 1694-1759." Folder 22

Folder 23

1740 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.1. Johnston Family Papers, 1694-1759." Folder 23

November 18: Deed, in which Dinah, an enslaved girl, was transferred as property from Stephen Williams of Currituck County, N.C., to Thomas Williams.

Folder 24

1741 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.1. Johnston Family Papers, 1694-1759." Folder 24

Folder 25

1742 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.1. Johnston Family Papers, 1694-1759." Folder 25

Folder 26

1743 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.1. Johnston Family Papers, 1694-1759." Folder 26

Folder 27

1744 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.1. Johnston Family Papers, 1694-1759." Folder 27

Folder 28

1745 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.1. Johnston Family Papers, 1694-1759." Folder 28

Folder 29

1746 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.1. Johnston Family Papers, 1694-1759." Folder 29

Folder 30

1747 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.1. Johnston Family Papers, 1694-1759." Folder 30

Folder 31

1748 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.1. Johnston Family Papers, 1694-1759." Folder 31

Folder 32

1749 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.1. Johnston Family Papers, 1694-1759." Folder 32

Oversize Paper Folder OPF-324/1

Land grants, 1721-1759 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.1. Johnston Family Papers, 1694-1759." OPF-324/1

Extra Oversize Paper Folder XOPF-324/1

Miscellaneous papers #00324, Subseries: "1.1.1. Johnston Family Papers, 1694-1759." XOPF-324/1

Includes land grants, 18th century; plats; a diploma; printed advertisements; and other materials.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810.

About 2,950 items.

Arrangement: chronological.

Papers relating chiefly to Samuel Johnston (1733-1816) including personal, business, and political correspondence; financial papers, including account sheets, bills and receipts, inventories, and merchandise ledgers; and legal documents, such as judgments and suits, agreements and indentures, deeds of land and property, and wills. Papers highlight a broad spectrum of subjects, including early North Carolina and United States politics and government; social, economic, and military developments during wartime; law, especially estate administration; family life and social customs; health; education and school life; plantation administration, including slavery; and mercantilism.

From 1750 to 1757, letters from Samuel Johnston (1702-1757) to his son, deal with the younger Johnston's financial situation, his law education, and his procurement of a superior court clerkship. A 1757 letter concerns the death of the older Johnston's wife in child birth.

Following Governor Gabriel Johnston's death in 1752, there is extensive correspondence, legal notes and petitions, receipts, and land surveys and deeds pertaining to the settlement of his estate. Starting in 1756, there was a long series of court disputes over the settlement of the estate. In the first one, his executors brought Gabriel's widow Frances Rutherford to court for having failed to release Gabriel's land and personal effects to his daughter and Frances' stepdaughter Penelope. Penelope lived with her stepmother until 1854, when Frances married John Rutherford. Shortly thereafter, Penelope was removed from the guardianship of the Rutherfords and sent to live with Dr. William Cathcart. Later she lived with Governor Robert Dinwiddie in Williamsburg, Va., where she met John Dawson, whom she married in 1758. These events are well documented in the correspondence of this series.

The remainder of the settlement disputes involve the distribution of money that Gabriel left to his relatives. Henry Laurens was extensively involved in obtaining the money for the executors, and his letters reveal the difficulties in fulfilling the stipulations of Gabriel's will. Other individuals involved in the settlement were Gabriel Johnston's other daughter, Isabel Johnston, and members of the Ferrier (sometimes spelled Ferriar) family in Largo, Scotland.

Correspondence with the Ferrier family, chiefly Elizabeth "Eliza" Ferrier, Gabriel Johnston's sister, her husband John Ferrier, and their sons James Ferrier and Robert Ferrier, begins in 1757. Although many of the letters refer to developments in the Gabriel Johnston estate settlement, a broad range of topics also are discussed, including Ferrier/Ferriar and Johnston family genealogy, local politics and social attitudes towards government, economic concerns, business and trade, and health issues, including a letter describing the death of Gabriel Johnston's son Henry from the "bloody flux" in Edinburgh on 6 December 1771.

Correspondence with Penelope Johnston Dawson, Samuel Johnston's (1733-1816) cousin, begins in the late 1750s and continues throughout this subseries. Her letters detail family and social life, social customs such as marriage and courtship, education of children, and health concerns, particularly the ague fever and an outbreak of small pox at Hayes in 1773. Following the death of her husband, Penelope also sought Johnston's advice in regards to plantation business, such as the selling of tar and livestock and the purchase of sundry goods. In 1772, she wrote several letters criticizing an overseer's treatment of enslaved people and asked Johnston to intercede.

Correspondence with business partners and friends also discuss plantation management. Letters provide insight into the functioning of Samuel Johnston's three major plantations--Hayes in Chowan County, Caledonia in Halifax County, and Hermitage in Martin County--and mention selling, purchasing, and hiring-out of enslaved people; overseer recommendations; and general concerns regarding livestock and planting. Samuel Johnston's personal financial materials, including account sheets, receipts, inventories, and surveys for his various plantations, are also a rich source of information on plantation management. Beginning in the early 1780s there are annual statements of taxable property for Johnston's land holdings, which often include lists of enslaved people. Other materials documenting enslaved people include bills of sale and receipts for medical treatment.

Political and military developments of the 18th century are frequently discussed within the correspondence. Several letters mention events surrounding the French and Indian War. Also included are a description of a bill for the protection of the colonies against the French (October 1755) and Henry Johnston's recount of Major James Grant's battle at Fort Duquesne, Pa. (20 September 1758).

Later correspondence documents events leading up to the American Revolution and include a letter regarding the repeal of the Stamp Act (1765) and a 10 June 1771 account of an engagement during the War of the Regulation (possibly the Battle of Alamance). Additionally, correspondence, particularly that with Thomas Barker, Samuel Johnston's agent in England during the 1760s and 1770s, discuss the escalating tension between Great Britain and the colonies and provide insight into how the general population, both in America and Great Britain, viewed the declining relations.

During the Revolutionary War period, letters document the establishment and training of militia troops, particularly the Independent Company of Edenton and the activities of Colonel Andrew Knox; the procurement of gun powder, turpentine, tar, arms and other supplies, particularly drums and fifes and a flag with the words "Liberty or Death" (29 June 1775); and covert intelligence activities. Letters also describe events in North Carolina, such as resistance from the Regulators and others living in the western part of the state, defense of the coast and port closures, and public backlash against individuals who were not friendly to the American cause, including several instances of tar and feathering.

Political developments of this era are documented, including the election of officials to the Provincial Congress and the General Congress in Philadelphia, Pa., and the drafting of the Constitution. Following the war, correspondence provides insight into Johnston's activities while acting as the governor, and later, senator of North Carolina.

Following his term in the senate Johnston returned to Hermitage Plantation in Martin County, N.C. He continued to correspond with Joseph Anthony and John Maybin, his business contacts in Philadelphia, and their letters give accounts of the plantation products sold for Johnston; of commodities, foodstuffs, and bank stock bought for him; and of political and economic developments throughout the nation. Similar letters also were received from the merchant and investor Robert Lenox and his philanthropist son, John Lenox, both of New York City. Materials related to George Blair and Hindley and Needham, a large mercantile firm, reveal much about merchants and trade at that time.

After the war, Johnston's correspondence with relatives and business agents in Great Britain, particularly Alexander Elmsley and Peter Elmsley of England, discuss foreign market news, the growing conflict between England and France, the French Revolution, and American anxiety over the Louisiana Territory (14 August 1802).

Also of note are estate and bankruptcy settlements handled by Johnston. Of particular interest are those materials related to Sir Nathaniel Duckenfield and his mother Margaret Pearson, for whom Samuel tried to recover land confiscated during the Revolutionary War.

Materials of James Cathcart Johnston (1782-1865) begin around 1793 and consist of letters written to his father while attending the College of New Jersey. Between 1799 and 1805, correspondence between James Cathcart Johnston and his classmates touches on such topics as business, courtship, dueling, and suicide.

Folder 33

1750 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 33

Folder 34

1751 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 34

Folder 35

1752 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 35

Folder 36

1753 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 36

Folder 37

1754 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 37

Folder 38

1755 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 38

Folder 39

1756 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 39

February 20: List of enslaved people.

November 30: List of enslaved people.

Folder 40

January-June 1757 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 40

Folder 41

July-December 1757 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 41

December (undated): List of enslaved people.

Folder 42

January-June 1758 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 42

March 28: Letter from Caroline Johnson in Roanoke to Samuel Johnston, discussing Titus, an enslaved man, and the conditions required for him to be hired out.

Folder 43

July-December 1758 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 43

Folder 44

1759 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 44

October 24: List of enslaved people.

Folder 45

1760 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 45

Folder 46

1761 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 46

Folder 47

January-August 1762 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 47

Folder 48

September-December 1762 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 48

September (undated): List of enslaved people.

Oversize Paper Folder OPF-324/2

Financial and legal papers, 1762-1781 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." OPF-324/2

Includes lists of enslaved people; land grants; and miscellaneous other legal documents.

Folder 49

1763 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 49

April 25: Record of sale and purchase of enslaved people.

September (undated): List of enslaved people.

Folder 50

1764 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 50

October 31: Record of sale and purchase of enslaved people.

Folder 51

1765 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 51

Folder 52

1766 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 52

August 15: Record of sale and purchase of enslaved people.

December 3: Record of sale and purchase of enslaved people.

Folder 53

January-June 1767 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 53

Folder 54

July-December 1767 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 54

Folder 55

January-June 1768 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 55

Folder 56

August-December 1768 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 56

Folder 57

January-April 1769 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 57

March 6: List of enslaved people.

Folder 58

May-August 1769 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 58

Folder 59

September-December 1769 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 59

November 6: Record of sale and purchase of enslaved people.

November 21: Legal opinion on slavery and the leasehold estate.

Folder 60

January-April 1770 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 60

Folder 61

May-August 1770 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 61

May 28: Record of sale of Kate and Dinah by N. Buchanan. Thomas Gilchrist was the administrator of the sale. Kate and Dinah had been transported up the James River.

June 28: Record related to emancipation (?).

July 6: Letter from Will Cathcart to Samuel Johnston, acknowledging Peggy, an enslaved person, as the carrier of the letter.

Folder 62

September-December 1770 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 62

December 24: List of enslaved people.

Folder 63

January-February 1771 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 63

January 21: List of enslaved people.

Folder 64

March-April 1771 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 64

April 24: List of enslaved people.

April 29: List of enslaved people.

April 30: List of enslaved people.

Folder 65

May-June 1771 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 65

May 31: Record of sale and purchase of enslaved people.

Folder 66

July-August 1771 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 66

July 19: Record documenting diseases and medical treatement of enslaved people.

Folder 67

September-October 1771 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 67

Folder 68

November-December 1771 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 68

Folder 69

January-February 1772 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 69

January 9: Record of sale and purchase of enslaved people.

Undated: List of enslaved people.

Folder 70

March-April 1772 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 70

March 18: Record of sale and purchase of enslaved people.

April 24: Letter from Will Cathcart to Samuel Johnston, acknowledging Homer, an enslaved person, as the carrier of the letter. The letter also reports that Rose, an enslaved woman, had eloped toward Edenton, N.C.

Folder 71

May-June 1772 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 71

June 10: List of enslaved people.

Folder 72

July-August 1772 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 72

July 17: Letter from Penelope Dawson to Samuel Johnston, reporting that Jack and an unnamed younger person, both of whom were enslaved, had reported harsh treatment by the overseer to her.

Folder 73

September-October 1772 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 73

Folder 74

November-December 1772 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 74

Folder 75

January-April 1773 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 75

January 8: Record of sale and purchase of enslaved people.

April 2: Record of sale and purchase of enslaved people.

Folder 76

May-August 1773 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 76

May 27: Record of sale and purchase of enslaved people.

Folder 77

September-December 1773 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 77

September 11: Record of sale and purchase of enslaved people.

Folder 78

January-April 1774 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 78

Undated: List of enslaved people.

Folder 79

May-August 1774 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 79

Folder 80

September-December 1774 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 80

October 31: Record of sale and purchase of enslaved people.

November 28: Correspondence in which the controversy over slavery is discussed..

December 17: Records of hiring out of enslaved people.

Folder 81

January-February 1775 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 81

Undated: List of enslaved people.

January 29: Letter to S. Dickinson in which Nathaniel Dukenfield expressed a preference against the sale of enslaved people to pay debts.

Folder 82

March-April 1775 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 82

Folder 83

May-June 1775 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 83

May 23: Letter from Robert Smith in Edenton to Joseph Hewes, reporting that enslaved people were rumored to be planning rebellion.

Folder 84

July-August 1775 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 84

Folder 85

September-October 1775 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 85

September 26: Record of sale and purchase of enslaved people.

October undated: Letter (unsigned) from a financial agent to Elizabeth Tunstall, reporting that 100 or more people were known to be enslaved by her father.

Folder 86

November-December 1775 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 86

Folder 87

January-February 1776 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 87

Folder 88

March-April 1776 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 88

April 17: Correspondence describing insurrection by enslaved people.

Folder 89

May-June 1776 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 89

June 16: Record of sale and purchase of enslaved people.

Folder 90

July-August 1776 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 90

Folder 91

September-December 1776 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 91

Folder 92

1777 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 92

August 10: Record of sale and purchase of enslaved people.

Folder 93

1778 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 93

Folder 94

1779 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 94

Folder 95

1780 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 95

Undated: List of enslaved people.

Folder 96

1781 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 96

Folder 97

1782 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 97

Folder 98

January-July 1783 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 98

February 1: List of enslaved people.

Folder 99

August-December 1783 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 99

Folder 100

January-April 1784 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 100

Folder 101

May-August 1784 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 101

June (undated): List of enslaved people.

Folder 102

September-December 1784 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 102

Folder 103

January-March 1785 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 103

January (undated): List of enslaved people.

Folder 104

April-June 1785 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 104

Folder 105

July-September 1785 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 105

Folder 106

October-December 1785 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 106

October 14: Record of sale and purchase of enslaved people.

November 2: Record of sale and purchase of enslaved people.

November 29: Record of sale and purchase of enslaved people.

Oversize Paper Folder OPF-324/3

Financial and legal papers, 1785-1820 and undated #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." OPF-324/3

Includes wills; lists of land prices; a diploma; and miscellaneous other materials.

Folder 107

January-June 1786 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 107

January 12: Record of sale and purchase of enslaved people.

Undated: Samuel Johnston's Taxable Property, including 46 enslaved people between 12 and 50 years of age; additionally, Johnston reported 13 enslaved people between the ages of 13 and 50 who were the property of Margaret Pearson (deceased).

Folder 108

July-December 1786 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 108

October 16: List of enslaved people.

December 13: Letter from Nathaniel Duckenfield to Samuel Johnston, mentioning Duckenfield's distress at the sale of Johnston's enslaved people. Suckey, an enslaved woman at the plantation that had been sold to Ryan, attempted suicide but was being treated by a physician.

Folder 109

January-June 1787 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 109

Folder 110

July-December 1787 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 110

Folder 111

January-June 1788 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 111

Folder 112

July-December 1788 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 112

Folder 113

January-May 1789 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 113

Undated: List of enslaved people.

January 29: List of enslaved people.

Folder 114

June-December 1789 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 114

June 30: Letter from Nathaniel Duckenfield to Samuel Johnston, discussing Duckenfield's purchase of London, Bet, and Suckey. Toney is also mentioned. William Dawson purchased Mers (?) and his wife and children.

Folder 115

January-May 1790 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 115

Folder 116

June-December 1790 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 116

Folder 117

January-March 1791 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 117

Folder 118

April-December 1791 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 118

July 16: Census of the people, including a category for enslaved people, living in Edenton, New Bern, Wilmington, Fayette, Halifax, Hillsborough, Salisbury, and Morgan.

Folder 119

January-April 1792 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 119

Folder 120

May-August 1792 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 120

Folder 121

September-December 1792 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 121

Folder 122

January-June 1793 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 122

Undated: List of enslaved people.

March 23: Record documenting diseases and medical treatement of enslaved people.

May 16: Record of clothing and household furnishings for enslaved people.

June 11: Record of sale and purchase of enslaved people.

Folder 123

July-December 1793 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 123

December 20: Record documenting diseases and medical treatement of enslaved people.

Folder 124

January-April 1794 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 124

Undated: List of enslaved people.

Folder 125

May-August 1794 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 125

August 23: Records of hiring out of enslaved people.

Folder 126

September-December 1794 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 126

Folder 127

January-April 1795 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 127

April 15: Records of hiring out of enslaved people.

Folder 128

May-July 1795 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 128

Folder 129

September-December 1795 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 129

Folder 130

James C. Johnston's essays written at Woodbury School, 1793-1796 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 130

Folder 131

January-April 1796 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 131

Undated: List of enslaved people.

February 21: Letter from Nathaniel Duckenfield at Williamston to "Madam," discussing disposition of the W. Pollock's estate, which included enslaved people.

Folder 132

May-December 1796 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 132

October 29: Records of hiring out of enslaved people.

Folder 133

January-June 1797 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 133

Folder 134

July-December 1797 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 134

Folder 135

January-April 1798 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 135

Undated: Record documenting diseases and medical treatement of enslaved people.

Folder 136

May-August 1798 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 136

May 14: Legal document certifying that Anthony Darlet, at his death in 1798, enslaved 8 people, 1 of whom had been sold by Darlet in his lifetime but there had been no bill of sale until after his death.

Folder 137

September-December 1798 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 137

Folder 138

James C. Johnston's essays written at Princeton College, 1796-1799 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 138

Folder 139

James C. Johnston's essays written at Princeton College, 1796-1799 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 139

Folder 140

January-February 1799 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 140

Undated: List of enslaved people.

Folder 141

March-April 1799 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 141

Folder 142

May-June 1799 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 142

Folder 143

July-August 1799 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 143

August 17: List of enslaved people.

Folder 144

September-October 1799 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 144

Folder 145

November-December 1799 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 145

Folder 146

January-February 1800 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 146

Undated: List of enslaved people.

Folder 147

March-April 1800 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 147

Folder 148

May-June 1800 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 148

Folder 149

July-August 1800 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 149

Folder 150

September-October 1800 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 150

Folder 151

November-December 1800 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 151

Folder 152

January-March 1801 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 152

Undated: List of enslaved people.

Folder 153

April-June 1801 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 153

Folder 154

July-September 1801 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 154

Folder 155

October-December 1801 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 155

December 1: Record documenting diseases and medical treatement of enslaved people.

Folder 156

January-March 1802 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 156

March 2: Record of sale and purchase of enslaved people.

Folder 157

April-June 1802 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 157

June 10: Correspondence describing insurrection by enslaved people.

Folder 158

July-September 1802 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 158

Folder 159

October-December 1802 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 159

November 2: Records of hiring out of enslaved people.

Folder 160

January-March 1803 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 160

January 25: Record of sale and purchase of enslaved people.

Folder 161

April-June 1803 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 161

Folder 162

July-September 1803 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 162

Folder 163

October-December 1803 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 163

Folder 164

January-March 1804 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 164

Undated: List of enslaved people.

January 3: Records of hiring out of enslaved people.

January 7: Record of sale and purchase of enslaved people.

January 24: Records of hiring out of enslaved people.

February 1: Records of hiring out of enslaved people.

February 14: Records of hiring out of enslaved people.

Folder 165

April-June 1804 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 165

Folder 166

July-September 1804 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 166

Folder 167

October-December 1804 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 167

Folder 168

January-February 1805 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 168

Folder 169

March-April 1805 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 169

Folder 170

May-June 1805 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 170

Folder 171

July 1805 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 171

Folder 172

September-October 1805 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 172

Folder 173

November-December 1805 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 173

Folder 174

January-March 1806 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 174

Folder 175

April-June 1806 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 175

Folder 176

July-September 1806 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 176

Folder 177

October-December 1806 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 177

October 15: Record of sale and purchase of enslaved people.

Folder 178

January-March 1807 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 178

Undated: List of enslaved people.

Folder 179

April-June 1807 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 179

Folder 180

July-September 1807 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 180

Folder 181

October-December 1807 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 181

October (undated): List of articles purchased for James Cathcart Johnston in New York, including blankets for enslaved people.

October 3: Receipt indicating that William M. Clark had received 100 dollars of John Butler, a free Black man, through William McKenzie.

Folder 182

January-April 1808 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 182

February 3: Correspondence in which the controversy over slavery is discussed.

Folder 183

May-August 1808 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 183

Folder 184

September-December 1808 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 184

Folder 185

January-April 1809 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 185

Folder 186

May-August 1809 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 186

August 11: Record documenting diseases and medical treatement of enslaved people.

August 22: Records of hiring out of enslaved people.

Folder 187

September-December 1809 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 187

November 7: Record of sale and purchase of enslaved people.

December 9: Record of sale and purchase of enslaved people.

December 26: Record related to emancipation.

December 27: Record of sale and purchase of enslaved people.

Folder 188

January-March 1810 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 188

Undated: List of enslaved people.

January 2: Record related to emancipation.

Folder 189

April-June 1810 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 189

Folder 190

July-September 1810 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 190

Folder 191

October-December 1810 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.2. Johnston Family Papers, 1750-1810." Folder 191

December 6: List of enslaved people.

December 10: Record of sale and purchase of enslaved people.

December 14: Record of sale and purchase of enslaved people.

December 15: Record of sale and purchase of enslaved people.

December 17: Record of sale and purchase of enslaved people.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865.

About 8,250 items.

Arrangement: chronological.

Chiefly business and personal correspondence and financial and legal papers concerning the operation of James Cathcart Johnston's plantations and his involvement in the shipping industry. Financial materials include account sheets; inventories; bills of sale for enslaved people; bills of lading; receipts for overseers wages and medical treatments for both Johnston's family and the people he enslaved; hiring out contracts for enslaved people; and tax information, including tax lists that documented enslaved people. Legal documents include land surveys and deeds, agreements and indentures, judgment and suits, and wills.

Letters of overseers, shippers, and merchants to Johnston reveal many details of plantation administration, such as farming procedures, planting and harvesting of crops, the volume of production each season, delivery of crops to various local storage firms, payments of accounts, and the supplies needed to run the plantation. Materials also document individual enslaved people and give some insights into the lived experience of enslaved people at Johnston's plantations, although chiefly from the perspective of white people. Enslaved people, for example, were permitted to raise and sell crops from their own garden plots, and often were supervised by an enslaved foreman while Johnston vacationed or took trips to his other plantations. Records also document the provision of shoes, hats, blankets, and medical care. There are also some letters and bills that indicate that enslaved people engaged in acts of resistance, including theft and self-emancipation, that sometimes ended in jail time or acts of violence against them. There are some letters written by the enslaved people who were working as foremen for Johnston. Correspondence between Johnston and overseers and foreman frequently include the names of enslaved people.

Johnston's letters also discuss the successes and failures of many of his agricultural and machinery experiments. Construction projects, such as buildings at Poplar Plains (1811-1815), a new residence at Hayes, and a windmill at Hayes that was later dismantled and replaced with steam engine-powered saw, grist and flour mills, are also well documented.

Letters document the hiring of trading vessels and shipping contracts, insurance and compensation for damaged goods, interruptions in trade, market conditions and prices, and investment of profits. Other financial concerns include Johnston's investments in bank stock and treasury notes, the decline of banks and currency during the 1820s and 1830s, and the success of Johnston's lumber mill and the sale of timber.

Notable business correspondents include the following people and firms: John Wilkes, Zachariah Howell, William B. Hathaway, Henry J. Futrell, James Palmer, John Spears, and C. W. Hollowell, all overseers or managers on the plantations; Aaron and Peter, who were enslaved by Johnston and who acted as foremen/overseer's assistants; Angelo Garibaldo, Johnston's private river captain and shipper; Clark, Carnal and Co., John Popelston, John C. Ehringhaus, Clark, Cox and Co., James Gordon and Jacob N. Gordon, Bryan & Clark Co., J. and O. Fearing, Samuel Kissam, Bryan & Maitland Co., all wholesale houses in Plymouth, Elizabeth City and Edenton, N.C., that stored and shipped products to market; Hardy Brothers, Maitland, Kennedy and Co., commission merchants in Norfolk, Va.; Whedbee & Dickinson, commission merchants in Baltimore, M; Robert Lenox  & Son, Blount & Jackson Co., Bryan  & Maitland Co., Sawyer & Whedbee Co., Hicks and Smith Co., Brown and DeRosset Co., Williams, Bee and Co., John S. Bryan and Co., J. G. Hicks Co., commission merchants in New York City.

Johnston's family life is most evident in letters relating to the financial support and education provided for various relatives. Johnston paid for the education of many relatives and friends, particularly the Iredell grandchildren of his aunt Hannah Iredell and the Alston and Johnston grandchildren of his uncle John Johnston. Letters from Thomas Johnston detail the life of a student at the University of North Carolina between 1819 and 1821 and his apprenticeship to study medicine in Hillsborough. In 1820, Wooton Wright Hawkes wrote about his education and his impression of the people in Paris. Annie Iredell wrote several letters in 1831 describing her courses of study while in Philadelphia, Pa.

Beginning in 1838 correspondence focuses on Joseph Blount, who suffered from mental illness. Letters provide insight into the medical treatment of and social attitudes towards mental illness during this period. Charles Evans of the Friends Asylum in Philadelphia, Pa., details Blount's mental health and treatments, and provides recommendations for his future well-being. Blount wrote many letters concerning his health and daily activities, and Johnston received reports from family members and friends that express concern regarding Blount's outward behavior.

Other notable personal correspondents include members of the Alston and John T. Johnston families, who migrated to Tennessee and Mississippi in the 1830s and wrote of their experiences; Ebenezer Pettigrew and William S. Pettigrew, who often wrote of their opinions on local politics, plantation management, and slavery; and James Johnston Pettigrew, who gave detailed accounts of his European tour and his opinions on antebellum Charleston society.

During his leisure hours, Johnston traveled a great deal. He frequently journeyed to New York City and Saratoga Springs to visit friends. In 1845, he leased a cabin at White Sulphur Springs in Greenbrier County, Va., and thereafter became a regular summer and fall visitor to this and other fashionable mountain resorts in Virginia. In 1859, he bought a farm at Cedar Creek in Bath County, Va., built a house and log cabins, and began planting crops. However, the outbreak of the Civil War curtailed his plans to create a mountain retreat.

Beginning in 1860, correspondence documents the social unrest caused by political tensions between the North and the South. As early as June, James Johnston Pettigrew wrote of his fear that this discord would eventually erupt in war. Letters from correspondents in New York and Baltimore reflect the state of politics and the disruptions in trade as early as November. Johnston's letters to friends and business partners are highly critical of the Secession Movement of 1860-1861.

In 1861, letters concern banks and banking, stocks and bonds, and the fluctuations in the value of currency. Frequent letters from Captain Angelo Gariboldo document the state of trade and shipping during the early years of the war.

Letters from overseers continue to document the management of Johnston's various plantations throughout the war, with references to acts of resistance by enslaved people, including self-emancipation and work reductions. Later correspondence mentions the drafting of enslaved people to fight in the Confederate States Army. Johnston's correspondence with Henry Futrell and C. W. Hollowell share opinions on the war and slavery.

There are very few letters from soldiers, but letters from business associates and family members describe military engagements and reflect on the effects of the war on society. Letters from William Hardy of Norfolk, Va., document the burning of the Naval yard, blockade of the harbor, and arrival of troops in 1861. Letters from women, particularly of the Iredell family, often relay news received from sons on the battlefield.

Throughout the Civil War, James C. Johnston lived at Hayes with his cousin, James Cathcart Johnston Jr., and his wife, who helped with the management of the plantation. Edenton, like many other southern towns, suffered from pillaging by "buffaloes," Union soldiers, and Confederate guerrillas, and fear of these attacks lead James Cathcart Johnston Jr. and his wife to flee the plantation on three separate occasions. In 1863, following the third such incident, Johnston hired a man to help him manage his mills, farmed with the help of friends, and bought small lots of land to get rid of his worthless paper securities. He also wrote his will, in which he gave his real and personal property to three friends and made them co-executors of his estate. Edward Wood, an Edenton businessman, received his Chowan County property, including Hayes. Christopher W. Hollowell, a resident of Pasquotank County who had managed Johnston's farms in that area was given Poplar Plains and the other Pasquotank properties. Caledonia's manager, Henry J. Futrell, inherited the property in Halifax and Northampton counties.

In th summer of 1864, Union forces raided Hayes. Johnston subsequently demanded protection and the military government issued him a safeguard. It stated that Johnston was a "loyal and well disposed citizen" and that the Union forces were to respect his person and property. At the end of the war, most of Johnston's properties emerged relatively unscathed.

Johnston died in 1865. His cousins challenged the legitimacy of his will and its accompanying letters of instruction written to the executors, claiming that Johnston had been mentally unstable when he had written the will and the letters. The will was finally established as legal in 1867, but the estate was not settled until 1871 because additional suits were brought against its executors. For more information on the settling of the Johnston estate see the Wood family papers (Series 2.1.1).

Folder 192

January 1811 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 192

January 5: Record of sale and purchase of enslaved people.

Undated: List of enslaved people amounts of credit next to names.

Folder 193

February 1811 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 193

Folder 194

March 1811 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 194

March 2: Record documenting diseases and medical treatement of enslaved people.

Folder 195

April 1811 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 195

Folder 196

May 1811 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 196

Folder 197

June 1811 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 197

June 16: Record of clothing and household furnishings for enslaved people.

June 29: List of enslaved people.

Folder 198

July 1811 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 198

Folder 199

August 1811 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 199

August 7: Record of clothing and household furnishings for enslaved people.

Folder 200

September 1811 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 200

September 9: Receipt for labor of Pompy and bricks that James Cathcart Johnston bought from James Cunningham, a free Black businessman in Edenton.

Folder 201

October 1811 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 201

Folder 202

November 1811 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 202

November 20: List of enslaved people.

Folder 203

December 1811 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 203

Folder 204

January 1812 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 204

Undated: List of enslaved people.

Folder 205

February 1812 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 205

Undated: List of enslaved people.

February 13: Record of sale and purchase of enslaved people.

February 23: Record related to emancipation.

February 24: Record of sale and purchase of enslaved people.

February 28: Record of sale and purchase of enslaved people.

Folder 206

March 1812 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 206

Folder 207

April 1812 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 207

Folder 208

May 1812 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 208

May 9: Record related to emancipation.

May 23: List of enslaved people.

Folder 209

June 1812 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 209

Folder 210

July 1812 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 210

Folder 211

August 1812 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 211

Folder 212

September 1812 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 212

September 8: Record of clothing and household furnishings for enslaved people.

Folder 213

November 1812 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 213

Folder 214

December 1812 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 214

December 28: Record documenting diseases and medical treatement of enslaved people.

Folder 215

January-March 1813 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 215

January 25: Correspondence in which the controversy over slavery is discussed.

January 27: Records of hiring out of enslaved people.

Folder 216

April-June 1813 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 216

April 19: Letter signed Geo in Edenton to James Cathcart Johnston, describing work done at the plantation. George and Sam, who were enslaved by Johnston are mentioned.

April 20: Letter from George Blair in Edenton to James Cathcart Johnston, asking for further communication, and mentioning an enclosed memorandum from Sam, who was enslaved by Johnston.

April 26: Record documenting diseases and medical treatement of enslaved people.

Folder 217

July-September 1813 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 217

July 8: Letter from Sam to his enslaver James Cathcart Johnston in Williamston, discussing communications with the bricklayer who would work on the chimney and the poor condition of the crops due to drought.

July 15:

September 22: Record of sale and purchase of enslaved people.

Folder 218

October-December 1813 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 218

october 9: Records of hiring out of enslaved people.

Folder 219

January-March 1814 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 219

February 16: List of enslaved people.

March (undated): List of enslaved people.

Folder 220

April-June 1814 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 220

Folder 221

July-September 1814 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 221

July 1: Record of sale and purchase of enslaved people.

Folder 222

October-December 1814 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 222

November 4: Record documenting diseases and medical treatement of enslaved people.

Folder 223

January-March 1815 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 223

Folder 224

April-June 1815 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 224

May (undated): List of enslaved people.

May 4: List of enslaved people.

Folder 225

July-September 1815 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 225

Folder 226

October-December 1815 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 226

Folder 227

January-April 1816 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 227

Undated: John Parker's receipt for payment for protection of people enslaved by James Cathcart Johnston.

Undated: 3 lists of enslaved people and amount of corn harvested by each.

Folder 228

May-August 1816 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 228

Folder 229

September-December 1816 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 229

November (undated): List of enslaved people.

Folder 230

January-February 1817 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 230

January 7: Records of hiring out of enslaved people.

Folder 231

March-April 1817 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 231

March 19: Record documenting diseases and medical treatement of enslaved people.

April 7: Record documenting diseases and medical treatement of enslaved people.

Folder 232

May-June 1817 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 232

June 5: Record documenting diseases and medical treatement of enslaved people.

Folder 233

July-August 1817 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 233

Folder 234

September-October 1817 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 234

October 27: Record of sale and purchase of enslaved people.

Folder 235

November-December 1817 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 235

November 11: Record of sale and purchase of enslaved people.

Folder 236

January 1818 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 236

January 1: Records of hiring out of enslaved people.

January 29: Record of sale and purchase of enslaved people.

Undated: Letter (fragment), that mentions that the will, possibly that of Samuel Johnston (1733-1816), intended for the plantations and enslaved people to be kept together.

Undated: Receipt for the hiring out of Harry, who was enslaved by James Cathcart Johnston, to Edmond Hoskins in 1818.

Undated: List of enslaved people and corn made and delivered by each.

Folder 237

February 1818 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 237

Folder 238

March 1818 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 238

Folder 239

April 1818 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 239

Folder 240

May 1818 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 240

Folder 241

June 1818 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 241

Folder 242

July 1818 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 242

July 22: Record documenting diseases and medical treatement of enslaved people.

Folder 243

August 1818 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 243

Folder 244

September 1818 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 244

Folder 245

October 1818 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 245

October 6: Record of sale and purchase of enslaved people.

Folder 246

November 1818 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 246

November 21: Frank, who was enslaved by James C. Johnston, and Isaac, who may have been enslaved by Charlton Yellowby, had self-emancipated but had been captured and returned to Northampton County, N.C. Frank was found at Connoconary Swamp. At the time of this letter, two enslaved women who also had self-emancipated remained at liberty.

Folder 247

December 1818 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 247

Folder 248

January 1819 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 248

Folder 249

February 1819 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 249

February 16: a receipt for prison charges for a woman enslaved by James C. Johnston. The fee was paid to Joshua Daffin by Charlton Yellowby.

Folder 250

March 1819 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 250

Folder 251

April 1819 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 251

Folder 252

May 1819 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 252

Folder 253

June 1819 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 253

Folder 254

July 1819 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 254

Folder 255

August 1819 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 255

Folder 256

September 1819 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 256

Folder 257

October 1819 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 257

October 10: Record of clothing and household furnishings for enslaved people.

October 15: Bill for medical care provided by Dr. Griffith to Stephen, who was enslaved by James Cathcart Johnson, while Stephen was jailed at Norfolk County, N.C.

October 15: Bill from William Barnard of Norfolk County for expenses relating to advertising, apprehension, and jailing of Stephen, who was enslaved by James Cathcart Johnstson.

Folder 258

November 1819 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 258

Folder 259

December 1819 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 259

December 4: Records of hiring out of enslaved people.

December 26: Records of hiring out of enslaved people.

December 26: Record of clothing and household furnishings for enslaved people.

Folder 260

January 1820 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 260

Folder 261

February 1820 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 261

Folder 262

March 1820 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 262

March 18: Record of sale and purchase of enslaved people.

Folder 263

April 1820 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 263

April 24: Receipt for expenses related to ferriage of an enslaved boy to Plymouth, N.C.

Folder 264

May 1820 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 264

May 4: Bill for supporting Poll and her three children, who were enslaved to the orphaned heirs of Samuel W. Johnston.

May 27: Letter from John Johnston at Plymouth to James Cathcart Johnston at Hayes, discussing hiring terms for a person enslaved to his father's estate who suffered from a cancer on his foot. The enslaved person had been hired out to Benjamin T. Slade.

Folder 265

June 1820 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 265

June 17: Stephen, who was enslaved by James C. Johnston, had self-emancipated but had been captured and jailed at Norfolk. The letter from Joseph Blount explains the terms of gaining Stephen's release from the jail.

Folder 266

July 1820 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 266

Folder 267

August 1820 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 267

August (undated): List of enslaved people.

Folder 268

September 1820 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 268

Folder 269

October 1820 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 269

October 30: Sam, who was enslaved by James C. Johnston at Poplar Plains, apparently had engaged in acts of resistance and was thought to be on his way to Juniper Swamp until John Hallowell had him jailed.

Folder 270

November 1820 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 270

Folder 271

December 1820 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 271

December 25: List of enslaved people; record of clothing and household furnishings for enslaved people.

Folder 272

Jannuary 1821 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 272

Folder 273

February 1821 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 273

February 27: Jack, an enslaved person at Salem, reportedly self-emancipated on February 10, possibly to Edenton to see Lucy, who may already have been in a romantic relationship with Abraham.

Folder 274

March 1821 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 274

Folder 275

April 1821 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 275

Folder 276

May 1821 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 276

May 3: Record documenting diseases and medical treatement of enslaved people.

Folder 277

June 1821 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 277

June 22: Record documenting diseases and medical treatement of enslaved people.

Folder 278

July 1821 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 278

Folder 279

August 1821 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 279

Folder 280

September 1821 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 280

Folder 281

October 1821 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 281

Folder 282

November 1821 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 282

Folder 283

December 1821 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 283

Folder 284

1-15 January 1822 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 284

January 5: Records of hiring out of enslaved people.

Folder 285

16-31 January 1822 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 285

Folder 286

February 1822 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 286

Folder 287

March 1822 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 287

March 11: Record of clothing and household furnishings for enslaved people.

Folder 288

April 1822 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 288

Folder 289

May 1822 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 289

Folder 290

June 1822 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 290

Folder 291

July 1822 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 291

Folder 292

August 1822 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 292

Folder 293

September 1822 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 293

Folder 294

October 1822 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 294

Folder 295

November 1822 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 295

Folder 296

December 1822 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 296

Folder 297

January-February 1823 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 297

Folder 298

March-April 1823 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 298

March 20: Letter from John C. Ehringhaus to James Cathcart Johnston, describing a trial that occurred as a result of an encounter between Barnes Jackson, the son of Malachi Jackson, and four enslaved people, including Jim who was enslaved to James Cathcart Johnston, on a road between the Hollowell's house and the slave quarters at Poplar Plains. Jim allegedly fought Barnes Jackson when he attempted to take the enslaved woman into his custody and then stole the saddle from Jackson's horse. Includes discussion of legal considerations of jailing and bail for an enslaved person.

March 24: Jim, who was bought from William McKinzie by the father of Lemuel Long, sued for his freedom in the high court of chancery in Richmond district.

March 25: further discussion about the case, or lack thereof, against Jim.

April 7: Record documenting diseases and medical treatement of enslaved people.

Folder 299

May-June 1823 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 299

Folder 300

July-August 1823 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 300

July 16: List of enslaved people.

Folder 301

September-October 1823 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 301

Folder 302

November-December 1823 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 302

Folder 303

1-15 January 1824 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 303

Folder 304

16-31 January 1824 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 304

Folder 305

February 1824 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 305

Folder 306

March 1824 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 306

Folder 307

April 1824 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 307

Folder 308

May 1824 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 308

Folder 309

1-15 June 1824 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 309

Folder 310

16-30 June 1824 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 310

Folder 311

July 1824 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 311

Folder 312

August 1824 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 312

Folder 313

September 1824 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 313

Folder 314

October 1824 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 314

Folder 315

November 1824 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 315

Folder 316

December 1824 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 316

Folder 317

January 1825 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 317

Undated: List of enslaved people.

January 13: Record of sale and purchase of enslaved people.

Folder 318

1-15 February 1825 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 318

Folder 319

16-28 February 1825 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 319

Folder 320

March 1825 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 320

Folder 321

April 1825 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 321

April 14: Record of sale and purchase of enslaved people.

Folder 322

May 1825 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 322

Folder 323

June 1825 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 323

Folder 324

July 1825 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 324

Folder 325

August 1825 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 325

Folder 326

September 1825 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 326

Folder 327

October 1825 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 327

Folder 328

November 1825 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 328

Folder 329

December 1825 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 329

Folder 330

January-February 1826 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 330

January 23: Letter from James Cathcart Johnston to John Branch, defending the institution of slavery and decrying the corrupting influence of manufacturing.

Folder 331

March-April 1826 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 331

Folder 332

May-June 1826 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 332

June 2: Record documenting diseases and medical treatement of enslaved people.

Folder 333

July-August 1826 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 333

Folder 334

September-October 1826 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 334

October 22: Record of sale and purchase of enslaved people.

Folder 335

November-December 1826 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 335

Folder 336

January 1827 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 336

Folder 337

February 1827 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 337

Folder 338

March 1827 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 338

Folder 339

April 1827 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 339

Folder 340

May 1827 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 340

Folder 341

June 1827 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 341

Folder 342

July 1827 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 342

Folder 343

August 1827 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 343

Folder 344

September 1827 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 344

Folder 345

October 1827 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 345

Folder 346

November 1827 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 346

Folder 347

December 1827 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 347

December 15: Letter to James Cathcart Johnston from Samuel Hyman concerning expenses for Dinah, who had been hired out by Johnston to Hyman in Williamston. The letter mentiones that Dinah's husband was a recently freed Black person.

December 18: David Perry, a Black man who captained a ferry, received payment for transporting pine timber near Plymouth, N.C.

December 20: An account sheet of James Cathcart Johnston with John S. Bryan that includes names of enslaved people and amounts paid to them in merchandise.

Folder 348

January 1828 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 348

Folder 349

February 1828 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 349

February 10: Copies of letters from James Cathcart Johnston to Ebenezar Pettigrew and James Iredell regarding purchase of enslaved people from Tredwell through Iredell. James Cathcart Johnston offered to advance the cash for the purchase.

Folder 350

March 1828 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 350

Folder 351

April 1828 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 351

Folder 352

May 1828 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 352

Folder 353

June 1828 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 353

Folder 354

July 1828 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 354

July 21: Letter from James Cathacart Johnston to Robert Lenox in which he defended slavery against the ills of manufacturing.

Folder 355

August 1828 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 355

Folder 356

September 1828 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 356

Folder 357

October 1828 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 357

Folder 358

November 1828 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 358

Folder 359

December 1828 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 359

Folder 360

1-15 January 1829 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 360

Undated: List of enslaved people.

Folder 361

16-31 January 1829 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 361

Folder 362

February 1829 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 362

Folder 363

March 1829 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 363

Folder 364

April 1829 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 364

Folder 365

May 1829 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 365

Folder 366

June 1829 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 366

Folder 367

July 1829 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 367

Folder 368

August 1829 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 368

August 4: letter to James Cathcart Johnston in Halifax County, N.C., from James Iredell in Raleigh, N.C., discussing sale of some of the enslaved people from the Treadwell family to Johnston and the possibility of selling other enslaved people to a speculator.

August 12: Letter from James Cathcart Johnston at Caledonia to James Iredell confirming that he would purchase the enslaved people who had been from the Treadwell family and settle them near Edenton. He also mentioned that Peggy, who was enslaved by him, had two sons that she wanted to learn a trade. Johnston discussed training them as house carpenters and millwrights, and doing the same for the sons of Mariam, another woman enslaved by him.

August 18: Letter from James Simmons to James Cathcart Johnston, documenting that Allen, Rose, Hailey, and Henry, all enslaved children, were purchased for Johnston and sent to Long's by Simmons.

Folder 369

September 1829 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 369

September 21: Bill of sale for Maryann, Tom, and Allen, who were enslaved to James Iredell from Chowan County, N.C., and sold to James Cathcart Johnston.

Folder 370

October 1829 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 370

Folder 371

November 1829 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 371

Folder 372

December 1829 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 372

Folder 373

January-February 1830 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 373

January 14: Record of sale and purchase of enslaved people.

Undated: List of enslaved people.

Folder 374

March-April 1830 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 374

April 25: bill of sale documenting that Abraham and Sam, who were enslaved by Samuel Long(?), were sold at the court in Halifax County by James Simmons to James Cathcart Johnston.

Folder 375

May-June 1830 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 375

Folder 376

July-August 1830 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 376

July 3: Bill of sale in which Cromwell, an enslaved person, was bought by James Cathcart Johnston from John Cox in Chowan County.

July 4: Letter from James Cathcart Johnston at Hayes to Robert Lenox, complaining about slavery.

Folder 377

September-October 1830 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 377

Folder 378

November-December 1830 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 378

January 4: Record of sale and purchase of enslaved people.

December 13: Letter from James Cathcart Johnston at Hayes to Robert Lenox, complaining about northern firebrands who would instigate rebellion among enslaved people. Johnston mentioned the "Salem murder," a reference to the murder of Captain Joseph White, who had been involved in the slave trade.

Folder 379

January-February 1831 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 379

February 26: Letter from Thomas Haughton to James Cathcart Johnston, indicating that he had purchased Sarah, an enslaved woman who was the mother of Lucy, a girl who was enslaved to James Cathcart Johnston and the carrier of the letter.

Folder 380

March-April 1831 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 380

April 14: bill from George Sam, a jailor, for fees for the jailing of a person enslaved by James Cathcart Johnston.

Folder 381

May-June 1831 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 381

Folder 382

July-August 1831 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 382

Folder 383

September-October 1831 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 383

Folder 384

November-December 1831 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 384

Folder 385

January-February 1832 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 385

Folder 386

March-April 1832 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 386

Folder 387

May-June 1832 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 387

Folder 388

July-August 1832 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 388

Folder 389

September-October 1832 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 389

Folder 390

November-December 1832 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 390

Folder 391

January-February 1833 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 391

February 11: Receipt, indicating that Jack, who was enslaved to James Cathcart Johnston, had been jailed. John Gatlin, F. E. White, and Miles Elliot are mentioned on the receipt.

Folder 392

March-April 1833 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 392

Folder 393

May-June 1833 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 393

June 22: Correspondence in which the controversy over slavery is discussed.

Folder 394

July-August 1833 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 394

July 5: Correspondence in which the controversy over slavery is discussed.

July 8: Record of clothing and household furnishings for enslaved people.

July 14: Sam, who was enslaved to James Cathcart Johnson, appeared in court for being at liberty without a permit.

July 15: A letter, probably from James Cathcart Johnston, at Hayes, mentions dismissing white overseers and relying on Black overseers to save on expenses.

July 22: Letter from Ebenezer Pettigrew at Lake Phelps to James Cathcart Johnston at Hayes, explaining his reticence to increasing the number of enslaved people on his land.

Folder 395

September-October 1833 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 395

October 7: Records of hiring out of enslaved people.

Folder 396

November-December 1833 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 396

December 16: Letter from James Cathcart Johnston at Hayes to Robert Lenox, acknowledging that most of his land and some of the people enslaved by him had been inherited from his grandfather William Cathcart.

Folder 397

January-March 1834 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 397

Folder 398

April-June 1834 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 398

May 9: Record documenting diseases and medical treatement of enslaved people.

Folder 399

July-September 1834 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 399

Folder 400

October-December 1834 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 400

October 27: Receipt for payment of fees associated with jailing of Lidia, who was enslaved to James Cathcart Johnston. Payment was made for food, blankets, and release from jail to William D. Roscoe, sheriff, in Edenton.

November 7: Correspondence in which the controversy over slavery is discussed.

Folder 401

January 1835 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 401

Folder 402

February 1835 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 402

Folder 403

March 1835 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 403

Folder 404

April 1835 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 404

April 1: Record documenting diseases and medical treatement of enslaved people.

Folder 405

May 1835 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 405

Folder 406

June 1835 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 406

Folder 407

July 1835 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 407

Folder 408

August 1835 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 408

August 8: Letter from John T. Johnston in Hillsborough, N.C., to James Cathcart Johnston at Hayes, commenting on the insurrection by enslaved people in Mississippi.

August 31: Receipt for payment of fees associated with jailing of Harvey, who was enslaved by James Cathcart Johnston. Payment was received by James Pruden.

Folder 409

September 1835 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 409

Folder 410

October 1835 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 410

Folder 411

November 1835 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 411

Folder 412

December 1835 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 412

December 29: Record of sale and purchase of enslaved people.

Folder 413

January 1836 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 413

Folder 414

February 1836 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 414

Folder 415

March 1836 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 415

Folder 416

1-15 April 1836 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 416

Folder 417

16-30 April 1836 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 417

April 24: Correspondence in which the controversy over slavery is discussed.

Folder 418

1-15 May 1836 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 418

Folder 419

16-31 May 1836 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 419

Folder 420

June 1836 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 420

Folder 421

July 1836 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 421

July 16: List of names of enslaved people is written on a letter from Bryan Marlton in Plymouth to James Cathcart Johnston in Edenton.

Folder 422

August 1836 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 422

Folder 423

September 1836 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 423

September 8: Record of clothing and household furnishings for enslaved people.

Folder 424

October 1836 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 424

Folder 425

November 1836 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 425

Folder 426

December 1836 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 426

Folder 427

January 1837 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 427

Folder 428

February 1837 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 428

Folder 429

March 1837 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 429

March 28: Record of sale and purchase of enslaved people.

Folder 430

April 1837 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 430

Folder 431

May 1837 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 431

May 22: Record documenting diseases and medical treatement of enslaved people.

Folder 432

June 1837 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 432

Folder 433

July 1837 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 433

Folder 434

1-15 August 1837 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 434

August 3: Letter from Michael Ferrall at Halifax to James Cathcart Johnston at Hayes, reporting that Mr. Garris and people enslaved by Johnston had been in town making purchases for the summer. Ferrall reported on what he observed of the enslaved people and what he heard from Garris, including that Peggy, an enslaved woman, had absented herself from work, but turned herself in to Ferrall, who had returned her to Caledonia.

August 8: Record documenting diseases and medical treatement of enslaved people.

Folder 435

16-31 August 1837 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 435

Folder 436

September 1837 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 436

Folder 437

October 1837 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 437

Folder 438

November 1837 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 438

Folder 439

December 1837 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 439

Folder 440

January 1838 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 440

Folder 441

February 1838 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 441

Folder 442

March 1838 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 442

Folder 443

April 1838 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 443

Folder 444

May 1838 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 444

Folder 445

June 1838 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 445

Folder 446

July 1838 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 446

July 16: slavery and religion.

Folder 447

August 1838 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 447

August 23: Record documenting diseases and medical treatement of enslaved people.

Folder 448

September 1838 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 448

Folder 449

October 1838 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 449

Folder 450

November 1838 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 450

November 21: Record of sale and purchase of enslaved people.

Folder 451

December 1838 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 451

Folder 452

January-February 1839 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 452

Folder 453

March-April 1839 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 453

Folder 454

May-June 1839 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 454

Folder 455

July-August 1839 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 455

August 6: slavery and religion.

Folder 456

September-October 1839 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 456

Folder 457

November-December 1839 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 457

Folder 458

January-March 1840 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 458

Folder 459

April-June 1840 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 459

May 9: Record documenting diseases and medical treatement of enslaved people.

Folder 460

July-September 1840 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 460

Folder 461

October-December 1840 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 461

Folder 462

January-March 1841 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 462

Folder 463

April-June 1841 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 463

Folder 464

July-September 1841 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 464

Folder 465

October-December 1841 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 465

Folder 466

January-February 1842 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 466

Folder 467

March-April 1842 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 467

Folder 468

May-June 1842 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 468

Folder 469

July-August 1842 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 469

Folder 470

September-October 1842 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 470

Folder 471

November-December 1842 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 471

Folder 472

January-March 1843 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 472

January 25: Letter from Charles Evans in Philadelphia to James Cathcart Johnston in Edenton, discussing resettlement conditions for free Black people in Liberia, Trinidad, and Jamaica. Fred Hinton, a free Black man, is mentioned as leading an agency discontinued for lack of interest in emigration among the Black population of the city. Other resettlement communities mentioned include Wilberforce, Canada; Mercer County, Ohio; Grand River, Michigan; and a settlement near to Cincinnati, Ohio.

Folder 473

April-June 1843 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 473

Folder 474

July-September 1843 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 474

Folder 475

October-December 1843 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 475

November 3: Record documenting diseases and medical treatement of enslaved people.

Folder 476

January-February 1844 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 476

January 5: List of enslaved people, with amount of credit available to them to purchase goods from J. and O. Fearing in Elizabeth City.

January 22: Letter from Charles Evans in Philadelphia to James Cathcart Johnston in Edenton, discussing resettlement conditions for Black people in Cape Palmas, Liberia.

Folder 477

March-April 1844 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 477

Folder 478

May-June 1844 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 478

May 20: slavery and religion.

Folder 479

July-August 1844 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 479

July 12: List of enslaved people with itemized purchases from Barney Tisdale in Elizabeth City.

Folder 480

September-October 1844 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 480

Folder 481

November-December 1844 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 481

Folder 482

January 1845 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 482

January 11: Record of sale and purchase of enslaved people.

Folder 483

February 1845 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 483

Folder 484

March 1845 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 484

Folder 485

April 1845 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 485

Folder 486

May 1845 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 486

Folder 487

June 1845 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 487

Folder 488

July 1845 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 488

Folder 489

August 1845 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 489

Folder 490

September 1845 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 490

September 11: Record of clothing and household furnishings for enslaved people.

Folder 491

October 1845 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 491

Folder 492

November 1845 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 492

Folder 493

December 1845 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 493

December 31: Letter from William S. Pettigrew at Belgradia to James Cathcart Johnston at Hayes, mentioning Peter, who was enslaved by Johnston and worked as a foreman at Poplar Plains in Pasquotank County.

Folder 494

January-February 1846 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 494

Folder 495

March-April 1846 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 495

Folder 496

May-June 1846 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 496

May 21: Letter from William S. Pettigrew at Belgradia to James Cathcart Johnston at Hayes, commenting on community of enslaved people at Pasquotank.

Folder 497

July-August 1846 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 497

July 25: Record of clothing and household furnishings for enslaved people.

Folder 498

September-October 1846 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 498

Folder 499

November-December 1846 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 499

Folder 500

January 1847 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 500

January 24: Letter from W. J. Hardy in Norfolk to James Cathcart Johnston, mentioning Peter, who was enslaved by Johnston and worked as a foreman at Poplar Plains in Pasquotank County.

Folder 501

February 1847 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 501

Folder 502

March 1847 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 502

Folder 503

April 1847 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 503

Folder 504

May 1847 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 504

Folder 505

June 1847 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 505

Folder 506

July 1847 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 506

July 5: Letter from W. J. Hardy in Norfolk to James Cathcart Johnston, mentioning Peter, who was enslaved by Johnston and worked as a foreman at Poplar Plains in Pasquotank.

July 24: Accounting sheet for James Cathcart Johnston with names of enslaved people and the goods acquired on Johnston's credit at Howell & Son.

Folder 507

August 1847 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 507

Folder 508

September 1847 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 508

Folder 509

October 1847 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 509

Folder 510

November 1847 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 510

Folder 511

December 1847 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 511

Folder 512

January-February 1848 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 512

Folder 513

March-April 1848 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 513

Folder 514

May-June 1848 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 514

June 18: Letter from Peter to his enslaver, James Cathcart Johnston. Peter worked as a foreman at Poplar Plains in Pasquotank County. His letter reports on work at the plantation and mentions Osborne, Nixon, Bithy(?), and Hannah, who also were enslaved by Johnston.

Folder 515

July-August 1848 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 515

Folder 516

September-October 1848 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 516

September 21: Letter from William S. Pettigrew at Magnolia to James Cathcart Johnston at Norfolk explaining his intention of becoming better acquainted with the community of enslaved people after his father had died. Pettigrew also reported on the terms of his father's estate.

Folder 517

November-December 1848 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 517

December 7: Letter from William S. Pettigrew at Belgrade to James Cathcart Johnston at Hayes, mentioning Henry, an enslaved overseer at Magnolia, and Moses, an enslaved overseer at Belgrade. Pettigrew also explained his preference for not hiring white overseers.

Folder 518

January 1849 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 518

January 2: Account sheet for Jack Johnson, a free Black person, with Dr. James Norcom.

January 6: Account sheet for Jack Johnston, a free Black person, with R. Howell & Son.

January 6: List of enslaved people with credit at R. Howell & Son.

January 8: Record of medical treatement by William C. Warren of people enslaved by James Cathcart Johnston.

Folder 519

February 1849 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 519

Folder 520

March 1849 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 520

Folder 521

April 1849 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 521

April 7: Letter from Peter to his enslaver James Cathcart Johnston. Peter worked as a foreman at Poplar Plains in Pasquotank County. His letter reports on work at the plantation and mentions Prince, Daniel, and Nixon, who were also enslaved by Johnston.

April 16: Letter from James Johnston Pettigrew at Charleston to James Cathcart Johnston, mentioning slavery meetings and disunion speeches, wine, armed guards to protect against a Black-led resistance, repercussions for Black people caught out without a pass.

Folder 522

May 1849 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 522

May 13: Letter from W. B. Hathaway to James Cathcart Johnston at Edenton, mentioning Duke and his son Tom, and Betsy, who were enslaved.

Folder 523

June 1849 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 523

Folder 524

July 1849 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 524

July 30: Accounting sheet for James Cathcart Johnston with names of enslaved people and the goods acquired on Johnston's credit at Howell & Son.

July 29: Correspondence in which the controversy over slavery is discussed.

Folder 525

August 1849 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 525

Folder 526

September 1849 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 526

September 1: Letter from William S. Pettigrew at Magnolia to James Cathcart Johnston at Hayes in which Jim, who was enslaved by William S. Pettigrew, is identified as a carpenter. Pettigrew reported on cholera and plans to build more housing for enslaved people, and commented on the impact of climate on plantation management.

Folder 527

October 1849 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 527

October 10: Record documenting diseases and medical treatement of enslaved people.

October 27: Letter from Peter to his enslaver, James Cathcart Johnston. Peter worked as a foreman at Poplar Plains in Pasquotank County. His letter describes work on the plantation and also mentions Ben, who was enslaved by Johnston.

Folder 528

November 1849 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 528

November 6: slavery patrols and patrollers.

Folder 529

December 1849 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 529

Folder 530

January 1850 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 530

Folder 531

February 1850 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 531

Folder 532

March 1850 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 532

March 7: Correspondence in which the controversy over slavery is discussed.

Folder 533

April 1850 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 533

April 5: Letter from an enslaved person.

Folder 534

May 1850 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 534

Folder 535

June 1850 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 535

June 1: Letter from Peter to his enslaver, James Cathcart Johnston. Peter worked as a foreman at Poplar Plains in Pasquotank County. His letter reports on conditions at the plantation and also mentions Dianah, who was enslaved to Johnston.

June 15: Letter from an enslaved person.

June 22: Letter from an enslaved person.

June 29: Letter from an enslaved person.

June 29: Letter from William S. Pettigrew at Magnolia to James Cathcart Johnston at Edenton describing work on his plantation by enslaved people.

Folder 536

1-15 July 1850 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 536

July 13: Letter from Peter to his enslaver, James Cathcart Johnston. Peter worked as a foreman at Poplar Plains in Pasquotank County. His letter reports on conditions at the plantation.

July 13: Letter from James Sawyer at Poplar Plains to James Cathcart Johnston at White Sulphur Springs, Greenbriar County, in which many enslaved people are identified and the work they performed July 6-12 is described.

July 15: a letter from S. J. Johnston in Edenton to James Cathcart Johnston at White Sulphur Springs in Green Brier County, Va., reporting that Joe and Betty, who were enslaved to W. Bockover, had been accused of stealing 12,000 dollars from their enslaver. George Lowther, who was enslaved to W. Lowther, was accused of being an accomplice.

Folder 537

16-31 July 1850 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 537

July 23: Letter from an enslaved person.

July 27: Letter from an enslaved person.

July 28: Letter from an enslaved person.

Folder 538

August 1850 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 538

August 3: Letter from an enslaved person.

August 8: Correspondence in which the controversy over slavery is discussed.

August 11: Letter from Peter to his enslaver, James Cathcart Johnston. Peter worked as foreman at Poplar Plains in Pasquotank County. His letter describes labor, crops, and conditions at the plantation.

August 18: Letter from Peter to his enslaver, James Cathcart Johnston. Peter worked as a foreman at Poplar Plains in Pasquotank County. His letter describes labor, crops, and conditions at the plantation.

August 18: Letter from John C. Ehringhaus to James Cathcart Johnston at Bath, mentioning Peter.

August 18: Letter from James Sawyer to James Cathcart Johnston at Bath, Va., in which many enslaved people are identified and the work they performed at Poplar Plains is described.

August 25: Letter from an enslaved person.

August 28: Letter from an enslaved person.

Folder 539

1-15 September 1850 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 539

September 1: Letter from Peter to his enslaver, James Cathcart Johnston. Peter worked as the foreman at Poplar Plains in Pasquotank County. His letter describes labor, crops, and conditions at the plantation.

September 14: Plantation journal entry in which enslaved people (and possibly free Black people) are identified and the work they performed, probably at Poplar Plains. The entry was written by James Sawyer.

September 15: Letter from Sam I. Johnston in Edenton to James Cathcart Johnston. Osborne, Aaron, and Maria, who were enslaved by James Cathcart Johnston, are mentioned as providing nursing care to Sam I. Johnston while he was sick.

September 15: Letter from Peter to his enslaver, James Cathcart Johnston. Peter worked as the foreman at Poplar Plains in Pasquotank County. His letter describes the work, crops, and conditions at Poplar Plains plantation. He also reported that Miles, an enslaved person, had been jailed and punished with physical violence for fighting with his wife and another man who was enslaved to Mr. Lee.

Folder 540

16-30 September 1850 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 540

September 16: Letter from Aaron at Hayes to his enslaver, James Cathcart Johnston. Aaron worked as a foreman at Hayes. His letter described the work, crops, and conditions at the plantation.

September 22: Letter and plantation journal entry from James Sawyer at Poplar Plains to James Cathcart Johnston in New York, in which enslaved people are identified and the work they perfomed at the plantation is described.

September 25: Letter from Peter to his enslaver, James Cathcart Johnston. Peter worked as the foreman at Poplar Plains in Pasquotank County. His letter describes the work, crops, and conditions at the plantation and mentions Handsome, Anthony, and Aaron, who also were enslaved to Johnston.

September 28: Letter from Aaron at Hayes, to his enslaver, James Cathcart Johnston. Aaron worked as a foreman at Hayes. His letter describes the work, crops, and conditions at the plantation.

September 29: Letter from James Sawyer at Poplar Plains to James Cathcart Johnston in New York, in which enslaved people are identified and the work they perfomed at the plantation is described.

September 29: Letter from Peter to his enslaver, James Cathcart Johnston. Peter worked as the foreman at Poplar Plains in Pasquotank County. His letter describes the work, crops, and conditions at the plantation.

Folder 541

1-10 October 1850 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 541

October 1: Letter from Margaret Johnston to her enslaver, James Cathcart Johnston, in Baltimore. Margaret wrote about conditions and mentioned Peter, Osborne, and Aaron.

October 4: Letter from Eliza Johnston, who was enslaved to James Cathcart Johnston, reporting on the health of the enslaved people at Hayes.

October 5: Letter from an enslaved person.

October 6: Letter from Aaron at Hayes, to his enslaver, James Cathcart Johnston. Aaron worked as a foreman at Hayes. His letter describes the work, crops, and conditions at the plantation.

October 6: Letter from Peter to his enslaver, James Cathcart Johnston. Peter worked as a foreman at Poplar Plains in Pasquotank County. His letter describes the work, crops, and conditions at the plantation and mentions Josiah and Mathias, who were also enslaved to Johnston.

Folder 542

11-31 October 1850 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 542

October 11: Letter from Peter to his enslaver James Cathcart Johnston. Peter worked as a foreman at Poplar Plains in Pasquotank County. His letter describes the work, crops, and conditions at the plantation.

October 11: Letter from W. B. Hathaway to James Cathcart Johnston at Baltimore, reporting on sickness and death in the enslaved community at the plantation.

October 13: Letter from James Sawyer at Poplar Plains to James Cathcart Johnston at Baltimore. The letter identifies enslaved people and the work they performed at the plantation.

October 14: Letter from Aaron at Hayes to his enslaver, James Cathcart Johnston, in Baltimore. Aaron worked as a foreman at Hayes. His letter reports on work performed at the plantation.

October 15: Record documenting diseases and medical treatement of enslaved people.

October 23: Record documenting diseases and medical treatement of enslaved people.

October 24: Record of clothing and household furnishings for enslaved people.

Folder 543

November 1850 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 543

Folder 544

December 1850 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 544

December 12: Correspondence in which the controversy over slavery is discussed.

Folder 545

January 1851 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 545

January 4: Letter from an enslaved person.

Folder 546

February 1851 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 546

February 27: Correspondence in which the controversy over slavery is discussed..

Folder 547

March 1851 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 547

Folder 548

April 1851 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 548

Folder 549

May 1851 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 549

May 3: Receipt indicating that James Cathcart Johnston had paid 1000 dollars for the resettlement of Betty Johnson, the widow of Jack Johnson, and their five children, in Ohio.

Folder 550

June 1851 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 550

Folder 551

July 1851 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 551

July 4: Letter from an enslaved person.

Folder 552

August 1851 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 552

August 4: Record of sale and purchase of enslaved people.

Folder 553

September 1851 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 553

Folder 554

October 1851 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 554

October 12: Letter from an enslaved person.

Folder 555

November 1851 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 555

Folder 556

December 1851 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 556

Undated: List of enslaved people with amounts credited for pork and fodder.

December 3: Shipping and Commercial list with handwritten list of enslaved people and credits on verso.

December 13: Letter from Peter to his enslaver James Cathcart Johnston. Peter worked as a foreman at Poplar Plains in Pasquotank County. His letter mentions Ben and Mathias, who were enslaved to Johnston.

December 22: List of enslaved people with weight of hogs.

Folder 557

January 1852 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 557

January 18: Letter from Betty Johnston in Columbus, Ohio, to her former enslaver, James Cathcart Johnston in Chowan County, N.C. Betty wrote about her traveling expenses and purchasing a house and lot. She mentioned Martha as a dressmaker, Mary as a tailor, and that Noah had been hired to dray wood.

January 19: List of expenses related to Betty Johnston's travel from Edenton, N.C., to Columbus, Ohio.

January 31: Letter from an enslaved person.

Folder 558

February 1852 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 558

Folder 559

March 1852 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 559

Folder 560

April 1852 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 560

Folder 561

May 1852 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 561

Folder 562

June 1852 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 562

June 16: Accounting sheet for James Cathcart Johnston with names of enslaved people and the goods acquired on Johnston's credit with Cleveland Sawyer.

Folder 563

July 1852 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 563

July 27: Letter from an enslaved person.

Folder 564

August 1852 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 564

Folder 565

September 1852 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 565

Folder 566

October 1852 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 566

Folder 567

November 1852 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 567

November 12: Accounting sheet for James Cathcart Johnston with names of enslaved people and the goods acquired on Johnston's credit with Cleveland Sawyer.

Folder 568

December 1852 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 568

December 23: Letter from William S. Pettigrew at Belgrade to James Cathcart Johnston, describing a rumored insurrection by enslaved people against their enslavers, Williams S. and Charles Pettigrew, and public acts of rebellion in Plymouth by people enslaved by Josiah Collins. Jim, who was enslaved by William S. Pettigrew, is mentioned as someone who should be regarded as capable of acts of rebellion against white people.

Folder 569

January 1853 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 569

Undated: Accounting sheet for James Cathcart Johnston with names of enslaved people and goods by order.

January 27: Letter from William S. Pettigrew to James Cathcart Johnston, denying the rumor that people enslaved by him had killed his father, Ebenezer Pettigrew, by poison. There is some discussion of the enslaved community at Magnolia and Belgrade from the perspective of the white enslaver. The motivations of the overseer, "Mr. C.," are also discussed.

Jim, who was enslaved to William S. Pettigrew, is mentioned as someone who should be regarded as capable of acts of rebellion against white people.

Folder 570

February 1853 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 570

Folder 571

March 1853 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 571

March 10: Accounting sheet for James Cathcart Johnston with names of enslaved people and the goods acquired on Johnston's credit with Cleveland Sawyer.

Folder 572

April 1853 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 572

Folder 573

May 1853 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 573

Folder 574

June 1853 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 574

Folder 575

July 1853 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 575

Folder 576

August 1853 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 576

Folder 577

September 1853 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 577

Folder 578

October 1853 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 578

October 27: Letter from William S. Pettigrew at Magnolia to James Cathcart Johnston at Hayes, in which Pettigrew described a foot injury and dog bite that made him very sick.

October 27: Letter from James Johnston Pettigrew in Charleston, S.C., in which he commented on a captain of his acquaintance who trafficked in the slave trade on the Coast of Africa. Pettigrew noted the captain's perspective on the middle passage, which was at odds with the prevailing understanding of it. He also mentioned attending a dramatization of Uncle Tom's Cabin in Philadelphia.

Folder 579

November 1853 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 579

Folder 580

December 1853 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 580

Folder 581

January-April 1854 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 581

Folder 582

May-August 1854 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 582

June 1: List of people enslaved as of 28 December 1853.

June 1: Accounting sheet for James Cathcart Johnston with names of enslaved people and the goods acquired on Johnston's credit with Cleveland Sawyer.

June 3: Receipt for jail fees paid to Joseph Godphry for Wiley, who was enslaed by James Cathcart Johnston.

June 10: Letter from William S. Pettigrew at Magnolia to James Cathcart Johnston at Elizabeth City, N.C., in which Pettigrew mentioned purchasing five enslaved women to be wives for men already enslaved by him, in an attempt to keep them from finding wives away from his plantations.

August 12: Letter from William S. Pettigrew at Belgrade to James Cathcart Johnston, describing the circumstances in which Wilson, who worked in the house and was enslaved to Pettigrew at Magnolia, allegedly stole money from him.

Folder 583

September-December 1854 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 583

September 2: Letter from William S. Pettigrew at Belgrade to James Cathcart Johnston, discussing further the robbery allegedly committed by Wilson, who was enslaved to Pettigrew at Magnolia.

October 3: Letter from Hardy Rioche in Norfolk, Va., to James Cathcart Johnston in Baltimore, mentioning Peter, who was enslaved to Johnston, in his role as foreman.

October 30: Accounting sheet for Aaron Johnston, who was enslaved to James Cathcart Johnston, with the goods acquired on credit with Cleveland Sawyer.

December (undated): Accounting sheet with names of people enslaved at Hayes and amount of orders for trade for cash, pork, fodder.

Folder 584

January-February 1855 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 584

January 1: Correspondence in which the controversy over slavery is discussed..

January 1: Accounting sheet for James Cathcart Johnston with names of enslaved people and the goods acquired on Johnston's credit with Cleveland Sawyer.

Folder 585

March-April 1855 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 585

Folder 586

May-June 1855 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 586

Folder 587

July-August 1855 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 587

August 11: Letter from William S. Pettigrew at Belgrade to James Cathcart Johnston at Hayes, commenting on behavior of enslaved people and expectations of enslavers.

Folder 588

September-October 1855 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 588

Folder 589

November-December 1855 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 589

November 7: Letter from Joseph G. Godfrey in Edenton, N.C., to James Cathcart Johnston, seeking payment for jailing London, who was enslaved to Johnston. London reportedly had engaged in conflict with his wife at Mr. Howell's. Godfrey also charged Johnston for policing people enslaved by him in town, except for when they were permitted to attend church on Sunday.

Folder 590

January 1856 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 590

January 5: Record of sale and purchase of enslaved people.

Folder 591

February 1856 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 591

Folder 592

March 1856 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 592

March 14: Letter from James Johnston Pettigrew in Charleston, S.C., to James Johnston Pettigrew, discussing the controversy over slavery.

Folder 593

April 1856 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 593

Folder 594

May 1856 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 594

May 11: Letter from William S. Pettigrew at Belgrade to James Cathcart Johnston, describing the conduct of the people he enslaved at Magnolia and Belgrade. Moses, an enslaved man working as the overseer, is mentioned.

Folder 595

June 1856 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 595

Folder 596

July 1856 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 596

July 4: Letter from James C. Johnston Jr. at Hayes to his uncle James Cathcart Johnston, who was visiting the Pettigrews, mentioning Nixon and Osborne, who were enslaved to the elder Johnston, and the work they performed.

Folder 597

August 1856 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 597

Folder 598

September 1856 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 598

Folder 599

October 1856 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 599

Folder 600

November 1856 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 600

November 12: Record of sale and purchase of enslaved people.

Folder 601

December 1856 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 601

Folder 602

January 1857 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 602

January 1: Record documenting diseases and medical treatement of enslaved people.

January 1: Accounting sheet for James Cathcart Johnston with names of enslaved people and the goods acquired on Johnston's credit with Cleveland Sawyer.

January 1: Accounting sheet for Nixon Johnston, who was enslaved to James Cathcart Johnston, with Cleveland Sawyer and Bro.

January 1: Accounting sheet of James Cathcart Johnston with W. C. Warren and Son, with entries for medical care provided to enslaved people who are listed by name. Some enslaved family relationships are noted.

Folder 603

February 1857 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 603

Folder 604

March 1857 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 604

Folder 605

April 1857 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 605

Folder 606

May 1857 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 606

May 30: Letter from an enslaved person.

Folder 607

June 1857 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 607

June 2: Letter from an enslaved person.

Folder 608

July 1857 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 608

Folder 609

August 1857 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 609

Folder 610

September 1857 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 610

Folder 611

October 1857 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 611

Folder 612

November 1857 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 612

Folder 613

December 1857 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 613

December 26: Letter from James Cathcart Johnston at Caledonia to William Hollowell, in which he reported on setting up a loom, carding machine, and spinning jenny so that enslaved people could make their own clothing at the plantation; the exhaustion of the enslaved community from all of the work on the plantation; and a meeting house for enslaved people to use for worship. Peter, an enslaved man who worked as a foreman for James Cathcart Johnston, is also mentioned.

Folder 614

January 1858 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 614

Folder 615

February 1858 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 615

Folder 616

March 1858 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 616

March 27: Account sheet for James Cathcart Johnston with Sawyer Bro. & Co., with orders on credit for enslaved people.

Folder 617

April 1858 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 617

Folder 618

May 1858 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 618

Folder 619

June 1858 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 619

June (undated): Letter from Richard McMorine (previously known as Richard Blount) in Buchanan City, Palm Grove Station, Bassa County, Liberia, to James Cathcart Johnston, discussing difficult conditions for people who had resettled to this place. McMorine wrote about acquiring land, farming, missionary work, and the need for financial assistance to build a house.

Folder 620

July 1858 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 620

Folder 621

August 1858 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 621

August 25: Account sheet for James Cathcart Johnston with Sawyer Bro. & Co., with orders on credit for enslaved people.

Folder 622

September 1858 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 622

Folder 623

October 1858 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 623

Folder 624

November 1858 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 624

Folder 625

December 1858 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 625

Folder 626

January 1859 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 626

Folder 627

February 1859 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 627

Folder 628

1-15 March 1859 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 628

March 5: Letter from an enslaved person.

Folder 629

16-31 March 1859 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 629

Folder 630

April 1859 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 630

April 9: Letter from an enslaved person.

Folder 631

May 1859 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 631

Folder 632

June 1859 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 632

June 26: Letter from an enslaved person.

Folder 633

July 1859 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 633

July 17: Letter from an enslaved person.

Folder 634

August 1859 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 634

Folder 635

September 1859 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 635

Folder 636

October 1859 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 636

Folder 637

November 1859 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 637

Folder 638

December 1859 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 638

December 6: Record of sale and purchase of enslaved people.

Folder 639

1-15 January 1860 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 639

Undated: Letter from G. J. Cherry to James Cathcart Johnston, reporting that a canoe was missing, as well as "Old" America, Mariah, George, and Nelly, enslaved people who probably had gone to Plymouth.

Undated: List of enslaved people and their ages for the census. Some family relationships are noted.

January 2: Record documenting diseases and medical treatement of enslaved people.

Folder 640

16-31 January 1860 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 640

Folder 641

February 1860 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 641

Folder 642

1-15 March 1860 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 642

Folder 643

16-31 March 1860 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 643

Folder 644

April 1860 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 644

April 10: Record of sale and purchase of enslaved people.

Folder 645

May 1860 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 645

Folder 646

June 1860 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 646

June 10: Letter from an enslaved person.

June 11: Letter from C. W. Hollowell at Bay Side to James Cathcart Johnston, reporting that he had a tax list of the 178 people enslaved by Johnston, under the care of Peter and Ben, both of whom were enslaved and working as foreman.

June 17: Letter from an enslaved person.

June 24: Letter from an enslaved person.

Folder 647

July 1860 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 647

July 7: Letter from an enslaved person.

July 8: Letter from Sam to his enslaver, James Cathcart Johnston, regarding communications with Joe Welcome, a brick mason enslaved by Josiah Collins, about the amount of brick required to build Hayes.

July 15: Letter from an enslaved person.

July 22: Letter from an enslaved person.

Folder 648

August 1860 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 648

Folder 649

September 1860 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 649

September 9: Letter from an enslaved person.

September 16: Letter from an enslaved person.

September 30: Letter from an enslaved person.

Folder 650

October 1860 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 650

October 21: Letter from an enslaved person.

October 25: Letter from William S. Pettigrew at Magnolia to James Cathcart Johnston, describing an insurrection planned for Plymouth by people enslaved by Baker of Norfolk, and the slave patrols initiated in response to white fears of violence against them.

Folder 651

November 1860 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 651

Folder 652

December 1860 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 652

December 10: Letter from James Cathcart Johnston at Caledonia to C. W. Hollowell, requesting the usual 6 month allowances be given to people enslaved by Johnston, and according discretion to Peter and Ben, who were enslaved by Johnston and worked as his foreman, to alter the amounts.

December 27: Letter from William S. Pettigrew at Magnolia to James Cathcart Johnston, giving a character recommendation for Richard Barfield, a free Black man who worked as a painter. Barfield sought to marry one of the daughters of Peter, who was enslaved to Johnston and worked as a foreman at Pasquotank.

Folder 653

1-15 January 1861 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 653

Undated: List of enslaved people.

January 1: List of enslaved people.

Folder 654

16-31 January 1861 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 654

Folder 655

February 1861 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 655

Folder 656

March 1861 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 656

Folder 657

1-15 April 1861 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 657

April 5: Letter from Henry J. Futrell at Caledonia to James Cathcart Johnston describing the circumstances that led up to the self-emancipation by Harry, who was enslaved to James Cathcart Johnston at Caledonia. Mack, who was enslaved by Johnston, is mentioned as someone who led groups of enslaved laborers.

April 10: Letter from Henry J. Futrell to James Cathcart Johnston providing further news about Harry's escape; Milly, who was enslaved to James Cathcart Johnston at Caledonia, was reported as being sick. Mack is mentioned as someone who led groups of enslaved laborers.

April 15: Letter from Henry J. Futrell to James Cathcart Johnston providing further news of Harry's escape and other acts he may have committed against the overseer. Mack is mentioned as someone who led groups of enslaved laborers.

Folder 658

16-30 April 1861 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 658

Folder 659

May 1861 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 659

May 5: Letter from Henry J. Furtrell at Caledonia to James Cathcart Johnston regarding policing of enslaved people to make sure they did not rebel. Futrell also described work on the plantation, including that of Nat, who was enslaved by Johnston.

May 13: Letter from H. J. Futrell at Caledonia to James Cathcart Johnston regarding policing of enslaved people. Futrell described violence used against Charity, an enslaved girl, to force her to identify who she had been with and seen while out. Jack, Godfrey, and Gunness(?), were implicated. Futrell also reported on work performed by Mack, Mat and Andrew.

May 27: Letter from Henry J. Futrell to James Cathcart Johnston describing the labor assigned to Mat, Luke, and Andrew, who were enslaved by Johnston. He also mentioned not paying for medical care for the enslaved people.

May 31: Letter from Henry J. Futrell at Caledonia to James Cathcart Johnston reporting that Luke, who was enslaved to James Cathcart Johnston at Caledonia, allegedly had stolen money from him and distributed it among other enslaved people. Futrell also reported on labor performed by Milly, Andrew, Godfrey, Mack, Baccus, and Anthony, all of whom were enslaved at Caledonia.

Folder 660

June 1861 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 660

June 12: Letter from Henry J. Futrell at Caledonia to James Cathcart Johnston, reporting that Luke, a young adult who was a field worker enslaved to Johnston, had been caught stealing a chest of money and was at risk of being sold away as punishment. Harry was also mentioned, as he remained at liberty without a permit. Luke's labor, as well as that of Rodger, Godfrey, Mat, and Andrew is also described.

Folder 661

July 1861 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 661

Folder 662

August 1861 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 662

August 19: Record documenting diseases and medical treatement of enslaved people.

Folder 663

September 1861 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 663

Folder 664

October 1861 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 664

Folder 665

November 1861 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 665

November 8: Letter from Henry J. Futrell at Caledonia to James Cathcart Johnston, describing work done on the plantation. Mack and Ben, who were enslaved by Johnston, are mentioned.

November 11: Letter from Henry J. Futrell at Caledonia to James Cathcart Johnston, describing work done on the plantation. Nat, Mack, and Charity, who were enslaved by Johnston, are mentioned.

November 18: Letter from Henry J. Futrell at Caledonia to James Cathcart Johnston, describing work done on the plantation. Nat and Jacob, who were enslaved by Johnston, are mentioned.

Folder 666

December 1861 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 666

December 7: Letter from an enslaved person.

December 23: Letter from H. J. Futrell at Caledonia to James Cathcart Johnston reporting that enslaved people had been to town to trade the previous week. Tom, Nelly, and Old Nancy, a nurse, are mentioned.

December 23: List of enslaved people with amount of credit available for trade with Mr. Sawyer.

Folder 667

January-February 1862 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 667

Folder 668

March-April 1862 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 668

Folder 669

May-June 1862 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 669

Folder 670

July-August 1862 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 670

July 22: Letter from James Cathcart Johnston at Hayes to C. W. Hollowell at Bay Side, responding to reports on Peter, who was enslaved by Johnston. Johnston asked for assistance in getting Peter and his family to the Union Army in Norfolk in order to be rid of him. Ben is also mentioned and there is a list of names of enslaved people.

August 7: Letter from James Cathcart Johnston Jr. at Hayes to Colonel Howard, concerning Alfred Manning, an enslaved person who had self-emancipated, been given a pass by Howard, and then allegedly plundered Johnston's plantation. Another self-emancipated woman is also mentioned as being on board Captain Gerard's steamer.

August 21: Letter from W. I. Hardy in Norfolk to James Cathcart Johnston at Hayes, reporting that Peter and his family had made it to freedom in Columbus, Ohio, by way of Baltimore. Hardy also mentioned that several enslaved people had self-emancipated from Hayes.

Folder 671

September-October 1862 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 671

September 15: Record of sale and purchase of enslaved people.

Folder 672

November-December 1862 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 672

November 17: Record of sale and purchase of enslaved people.

Folder 673

January 1863 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 673

January 2: Record related to emancipation.

January 20: Letter from the military governor to James C. Johnston, reporting that General Foster had ordered the arrest of Matthew, who was previously enslaved by James Cathcart Johnston but was freed by the January 1, 1863 Emancipation Proclamation, for undescribed crimes committed against the property of James Cathcart Johnston.

Folder 674

February 1863 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 674

February 8: Letter from C. W. Hollowell at Bay Side to James Cathcart Johnston, reporting on deteriorating control over the local enslaved population. Bill, Julio, and Ben are mentioned.

February 12: Record of free Black person.

Folder 675

March 1863 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 675

March 1: Letter from James Cathcart Johnston at Hayes to C. W. Hollowell at Bay Side near Elizabeth City, N.C., expressing relief that things stolen by enslaved people and "Buffaloes" had been recovered. Johnston wrote that he believed the enslaved people at Poplar Plains were demoralized. He mentioned putting Major into Peter's old house and in charge of things; having Old Lawrence's widow, who was Major's mother-in-law, move in with Major if he would take care of her; giving Josiah a piece of land to grow corn, some of which he could keep for himself; moving enslaved people to Roanoke Island if they wanted work because otherwise they might starve if they stayed at Poplar Plains.

March 13: Record of free Black person.

March 13: Letter from James Cathcart Johnston at Hayes to W. Futrell mentioning an incident in which guerrillas killed two enslaved people and took 10 prisoner. Johnston mentioned Matthias and Jeff, who were enslaved by him.

March 18: Record related to emancipation.

March 21: Receipt indicating that Myles, an enslaved man, was purchased by James Cathcart Johnston from Francis I. Iredell, Helen B. Iredell, and Margaret T. Iredell, in Raleigh, N.C.

Folder 676

April 1863 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 676

April 11: Account sheet for James Cathcart Johnston with C & L Sawyer, with orders on credit for enslaved people.

April 12: Letter from James Cathcart Johnston at Hayes to Henry I. Futrell, letting him know that he had included him in his will and his directives regarding the people enslaved by him. He mentioned Frank, Tom, and Solomon, who worked with Angelo Garibaldi, and Nat, Mack, and Dolly.

April 17: Record of free Black person.

Folder 677

May 1863 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 677

May 5: Letter from James Cathcart Johnston at Hayes to W. Futrell commenting on his relationship with the enslaved people. Johnston also described a solitary confinement that he imposed on a young enslaved woman whom he thought was faking illness.

May 6: Letter from James Cathcart Johnston at Hayes to C. W. Hollowell at Bay Side mentioning Jeff, who apparently engaged with the "Buffaloes" and Union soldiers as acts of resistance, and "Old Ben," a carriage driver. Johnston commented on the condition of the plantation and the challenges he had with getting enslaved people to work as efficiently as they had in the past.

May 11: Letter from Thomas D. Warren to James Carthcart Johnston regarding a mortgage held on America, who was enslaved by Johnston. Warren mentioned that America had a wife.

May 25: List of enslaved people, with names and ages.

May 27: Letter from Henry J. Futrell reported from Hayes plantation that Mack, John, America and his wife Maria, George and his wife Nelly, and Jerry had all left the plantation for Edenton or Plymouth. Patricia is also mentioned, but she may have stayed at the plantation.

Folder 678

June 1863 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 678

Folder 679

July 1863 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 679

July 13: Letter from James Cathcart Johnston at Hayes to C. W. Hallowell at Bayside near Elizabeth City, N.C., in which he mentioned Prince, who blew a horn at 3:30 every morning to call the enslaved people to work.

July 20: Record of free Black person.

July 20: Letter from James Cathcart Johnston at Hayes to C. W. Hollowell, describing conditons at the plantation. He mentioned Prince, as his assistant ("factotum").

July 31: Letter from an enslaved person.

Folder 680

August 1863 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 680

Folder 681

September 1863 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 681

September 22: Letter from James Cathcart Johnston at Hayes to C. W. Hollowell, describing conditons at the plantation. He also reported that Bill had self-emancipated and mentioned work done by London.

Folder 682

October 1863 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 682

October 9: Letter from Richard Barfield, a free Black person, seeking a letter attesting to his freedom from James Cathcart Johnston so that he might travel to meet his wife in Columbus, Ohio.

October 11: Letter from James Cathcart Johnston to C. W. Hollowell, commenting on the departure of enslaved people from plantations.

October 21: Letter from James Cathcart Johnston at Hayes to W. Futrell, reporting that many of the people he had enslaved had left. Aaron remained.

Folder 683

November 1863 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 683

November 5: Record related to emancipation.

Folder 684

December 1863 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 684

Folder 685

January-April 1864 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 685

March 9: Letter from James Cathcart Johnston at Hayes to C. W. Hollowell, describing conditons at the plantation. "Old" Ben and Jim are mentioned.

March 16: Record of free Black person.

April 7: Letter from an enslaved person.

Folder 686

May-August 1864 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 686

July 27: List of enslaved people with names and ages.

August 9: Letter from William S. Pettigrew near Tarboro to James Cathcart Johnson, reporting on damages by Union soldiers and "Buffaloes" and that Henry and his wife Polly, who were enslaved, had gone to the Yankees at Plymouth in August 1863, and the rest of the people enslaved by him in January 1864. Pettigrew also reported that several old women who were enslaved had died, including a nurse who had been married to Virgil, who was enslaved at Belgrade; and the expectation of both Henry and Virgil that they would be murdered by hostile white people in the neighborhood.

Folder 687

September-December 1864 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 687

Folder 688

January-February 1865 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 688

January 25: Record related to emancipation.

February 9: Legal document indicating that Maggy, "Old Sam" and his wife Flora, Sam the son of Juda, Jack and Diner who were the children of Sam and Flora, were purchased by James Cathcart Johnston in December 1863 from John H. Leary.

February 26: Letter from Henry J. Futrell at Caledonia to James Cathcart Johnston in which he described work done by Nat, Godfrey, Andrew, and Rodger. Futrell mentioned that Frank had gone to see his wife and had not returned, possibly having taken up with other enslaved people who participated in acts of resistance against their enslavers while the Union Army occupied the area. Futrell also reported on a conversation he had with Mack and other members of the enslaved community about rumors of enslaved people being pressed into military service and what the enslaved people would do if that happened.

Folder 689

March-May 1865 #00324, Subseries: "1.1.3. Johnston Family Papers, 1811-1865." Folder 689

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated.

83 items.

Arrangement: chronological.

Volumes include Gabriel Johnston's estate and plantation account; Samuel Johnston's (1702-1757) account books and ledgers containing personal and family finances, as well as some public accounts from when he served as public treasurer (1745-1751); an anonymous surveyor's journal, which is attributed to Samuel Johnston (1702-1757); Samuel Johnston's (1733-1816) legal fees and personal expense memoranda; merchandise ledgers and accounts for George Blair, Samuel Johnston's (1733-1816) brother-in-law, and Hindley and Needham, for whom Samuel Johnston (1733-1816) worked as an attorney; expense accounts related to Samuel Johnston's (1733-1816) public service during the American Revolution, including accounts for Andrew Knox & Co.; James Cathcart Johnston's personal and plantation accounts; and several catalogs for the library at Hayes Plantation. The instituion of slavery is documented throughout the plantation ledgers; individual enslaved people can be found in lists and accounting ledgers.

Reel M-324/17

Volume 1 (J): Samuel Johnston (1702-1757), 1732-1734 and 1752-1757 #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." Reel M-324/17

Merchandise daybook; North Carolina treasury, personal, and family accounts. Microfilm only.

Oversize Volume SV-324/2j

Volume 2 (J): Samuel Johnston (1702-1757), 1732 and 1735-1753 #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." SV-324/2j

Merchant ledger and public treasurer's accounts.

Folder 692

Volume 3 (J): Anonymous, 1735-1740 #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." Folder 692

Surveyor's journal: description of trip to survey 60,000 acres of land around the northern branches of the Neuse and Cape Fear rivers, which might have been conducted by Samuel Johnston when he was surveyor-general of North Carolina. (Includes transcription and copy of a published article.)

Folder 693

Volume 4 (J): Gabriel Johnston, 1752-1756 #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." Folder 693

Ledger containing accounts of Gabriel Johnston's estate and plantation accounts for Eden House, Mount Gallant, Fishing Creek, etc. Expenses related to slavery are included, as well as the number of enslaved people employed by Mr. Rutherford, and at Eden House.

Folder 694

Volume 5 (J): Samuel Johnston (1733-1816), 1755-1761 #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." Folder 694

Ledger recording his legal fees and personal expenses of Johnston family members.

Folder 695

Volume 6 (J): Samuel Johnston (1733-1816), 1757-1758 #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." Folder 695

Legal fee and personal expense memorandum.

Folder 696

Volume 7 (J): Samuel Johnston (1733-1816), 1758-1761 #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." Folder 696

Legal fee and personal expense memorandum.

Oversize Volume SV-324/8j

Volume 8 (J): Samuel Johnston (1733-1816), 1758-1778 #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." SV-324/8j

Ledger: inside cover includes a list of enslaved people with names, birth month and year, and mother's name; record of legal fees and personal expenses of Johnston family members.

Folder 698

Volume 9 (J): Samuel Johnston (1733-1816), 1759-1763 #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." Folder 698

Legal fee memorandum.

Folder 699

Volume 10 (J): Samuel Johnston (1733-1816), 1761 #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." Folder 699

Legal fee and personal expense memorandum.

Folder 700

Volume 11 (J): Samuel Johnston (1733-1816), 1761-1762 #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." Folder 700

Legal fee and personal expense memorandum.

Folder 701

Volume 12 (J): Samuel Johnston (1733-1816), 1761 and 1767 #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." Folder 701

Legal fee and personal expense memorandum.

Folder 702

Volume 13 (J): Samuel Johnston (1733-1816), 1762-1763 #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." Folder 702

Legal fee memorandum.

Folder 703

Volume 14 (J): George Blair, 1762-1767 #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." Folder 703

Merchandise ledger.

Folder 704

Volume 15 (J): Samuel Johnston (1733-1816), 1764 #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." Folder 704

Legal fee memorandum.

Folder 705

Volume 16 (J): Samuel Johnston (1733-1816), 1764-1765 #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." Folder 705

Legal fee and personal expense memorandum.

Folder 706

Volume 17 (J): Samuel Johnston (1733-1816), 1765-1767 #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." Folder 706

Legal fee memorandum.

Oversize Volume SV-324/18j

Volume 18 (J): Hindley and Needham, 1765-1770 #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." SV-324/18j

Merchandise accounts.

Folder 708

Volume 19 (J): Samuel Johnston (1733-1816), 1766 #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." Folder 708

Legal fee memorandum.

Folder 709

Volume 20 (J): Samuel Johnston (1733-1816), 1768-1772 #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." Folder 709

Legal fee and personal expense memorandum.

Oversize Volume SV-324/21j

Volume 21 (J): George Blair, 1769-1773 #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." SV-324/21j

Merchandise ledger.

Oversize Volume SV-324/22j

Volume 22 (J): George Blair, 1770 and 1773 #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." SV-324/22j

Fragment of merchandise ledger.

Oversize Volume SV-324/23j

Volume 23 (J): George Blair, 1770 #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." SV-324/23j

Fragment of merchandise ledger.

Folder 713

Volume 24 (J): Hindley and Needham, 1770-1772 #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." Folder 713

Ledger of shipping accounts with Thomas Taylor & Son.

Folder 714

Volume 25 (J): Samuel Johnston (1733-1816), 1771 and 1773-1774 #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." Folder 714

Legal fee and personal expense memorandum, including charges for provisions, such as cutting cloth for enslaved people (p.5). Peggy, an enslaved person, is mentioned.

Folder 715

Volume 26 (J): Samuel Johnston (1733-1816), 1772-1773 #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." Folder 715

Legal fee and personal expense memorandum.

Folder 716

Volume 27 (J): Samuel Johnston (1733-1816), 1772-1774 #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." Folder 716

Legal fee and personal expense memorandum.

Folder 717a

Volume 28 (J): Andrew Knox & Co., 1772-1774 (pp. 1-58) #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." Folder 717a

Merchandise ledger, including accounts with Harry, Tom, and Henry, who were identified as people of color.

Folder 717b

Volume 28 (J): Andrew Knox & Co., 1772-1774 (pp. 58-118) #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." Folder 717b

Merchandise ledger.

Page 69: Record of a free Black person.

Folder 717c

Volume 28 (J): Andrew Knox & Co., 1772-1774 (pp. 118-178) #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." Folder 717c

Merchandise ledger.

Folder 717d

Volume 28 (J): Andrew Knox & Co., 1772-1774 (pp. 178-238) #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." Folder 717d

Merchandise ledger.

Folder 717e

Volume 28 (J): Andrew Knox & Co., 1772-1774 (pp. 238-281) #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." Folder 717e

Merchandise ledger.

Folder 718

Volume 29 (J): Andrew Knox & Co., 1774-1775 #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." Folder 718

Merchandise ledger.

Folder 719

Volume 30 (J): Samuel Johnston (1733-1816), 1774-1777 #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." Folder 719

"Publick of North Carolina" expense account

Oversize Volume SV-324/31j

Volume 31 (J): Samuel Johnston (1733-1816), 1774-1777 #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." SV-324/31j

Ledger of accounts related to a public office.

Folder 721

Volume 32 (J): Samuel Johnston (1733-1816), 1775 #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." Folder 721

Legal fee and personal expense memorandum.

Oversize Volume SV-324/33j

Volume 33 (J): Andrew Knox & Co., 1775-1776 #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." SV-324/33j

Merchandise ledger.

Folder 723

Volume 34 (J): Gray and McKenzie, 1775-1780 #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." Folder 723

Merchandise ledger.

Reel M-324/19

Volume 35 (J): Samuel Johnston (1733-1816), 1778-1802 #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." Reel M-324/19

Account book of personal and family expenses and of the expenses of the "Publick of North Carolina"; account of James C. Johnston (1782-1865) with William McKenzie.

Folder 725

Volume 36 (J): Samuel Johnston (1733-1816), 1776 #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." Folder 725

Personal expense memorandum.

Folder 726

Volume 37 (J): Samuel Johnston (1733-1816), 1776-1777 #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." Folder 726

Personal expense memorandum.

Folder 727

Volume 38 (J): Samuel Johnston (1733-1816), 1777-1778 #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." Folder 727

Personal expense memorandum.

Folder 728

Volume 39 (J): Samuel Johnston (1733-1816), 1778-1780 #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." Folder 728

Personal expense memorandum.

Oversize Volume SV-324/40j

Volume 40 (J): Samuel Johnston (1733-1816) and James C. Johnston, 1778-1817 #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." SV-324/40j

Merchandise ledger including accounts for Caledonia and Poplar Plains. (Separate index enclosed.)

Folder 730

Volume 41 (J): Gray and McKenzie, 1780-1783 #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." Folder 730

Merchandise daybook recording daily transactions to be transferred into ledger.

Folder 731

Volume 42 (J): Gray and McKenzie, 1780-1783 #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." Folder 731

Merchandise daybook.

Folder 732

Volume 43 (J): Gray and McKenzie, 1780-1783 #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." Folder 732

Merchandise ledger.

Folder 733

Volume 44 (J): Samuel Johnston (1733-1816), 1781-1783 #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." Folder 733

Legal fee and personal expense memorandum.

Folder 734

Volume 45 (J): Samuel Johnston (1733-1816), 1781-1784 #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." Folder 734

Caledonia plantation account book recording account with William McKenzie.

Folder 735

Volume 46 (J): Samuel Johnston (1733-1816), 1783 #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." Folder 735

Legal fee and personal expense memorandum.

Folder 736

Volume 47 (J): Samuel Johnston (1733-1816), 1783-1785 #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." Folder 736

Legal fee and personal expense memorandum.

Folder 737

Volume 48 (J): Margaret McKenzie, 1784-1817 #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." Folder 737

Personal account book, includes early legal notes of Samuel Johnston (1733-1816).

Folder 738

Volume 49 (J): Samuel Johnston (1733-1816), 1785 #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." Folder 738

Legal fee and personal expense memorandum.

Folder 739

Volume 50 (J): Samuel Johnston (1733-1816), 1785-1786 #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." Folder 739

Legal fee and personal expense memorandum.

Folder 740

Volume 51 (J): Samuel Johnston (1733-1816), 1786 #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." Folder 740

Legal fee and personal expense memorandum.

Folder 741

Volume 52 (J): Samuel Johnston (1733-1816), 1786-1787 #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." Folder 741

Legal fee and personal expense memorandum.

Folder 742

Volume 53 (J): Samuel Johnston (1733-1816), 1787-1790 #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." Folder 742

Legal fee and personal expense memorandum.

Folder 743

Volume 54 (J): Samuel Johnston (1733-1816), 1790-1791 #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." Folder 743

Bank account book with Bank of North America.

Folder 744

Volume 55 (J): Samuel Johnston (1733-1816), 1790-1791 #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." Folder 744

Personal expense memorandum.

Folder 745

Volume 56 (J): Samuel Johnston (1733-1816), 1790-1795 #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." Folder 745

Memorandum of traveling expenses and personal accounts with James Iredell, Robert Lennox, and William McKenzie.

Folder 746

Volume 57 (J): Samuel Johnston (1733-1816) and James C. Johnston, 1790-1821 #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." Folder 746

"Account of Transactions in Philadelphia": personal expense accounts and bank accounts including records of stocks and certificates.

Folder 747

Volume 58 (J): Samuel Johnston (1733-1816), 1791-1792 #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." Folder 747

Legal fee and personal expense memorandum.

Folder 748

Volume 59 (J): Samuel Johnston (1733-1816), 1792-1793 #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." Folder 748

Travel account and personal expense memorandum.

Folder 749

Volume 60 (J): Samuel Johnston (1733-1816), 1794, 1796, and 1798 #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." Folder 749

Travel account, personal and household expense memorandum.

Folder 750

Volume 61 (J): Samuel Johnston (1733-1816), 1794-1800 #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." Folder 750

Personal expense memorandum.

Folder 751

Volume 62 (J): Samuel Johnston (1733-1816), 1797-1806 #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." Folder 751

Memorandum with Caledonia plantation accounts; legal notes.

Folder 752

Volume 63 (J): James C. Johnston, 1799-1800 #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." Folder 752

Personal expense memorandum.

Folder 753

Volume 64 (J): Samuel Johnston (1733-1816), 1800-1804 #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." Folder 753

Legal fee and personal expense memorandum, including some legal notes.

Folder 754

Volume 65 (J): James C. Johnston, 1803-1806 #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." Folder 754

Personal and plantation expense memorandum.

Folder 755

Volume 66 (J): James C. Johnston, 1803-1813 #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." Folder 755

Personal and plantation account book consisting primarily of accounts for Poplar Plains and Hermitage.

Folder 756

Volume 67 (J): Samuel Johnston (1733-1816), 1804-1809 #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." Folder 756

Legal fee, personal expense, and plantation account memorandum.

Folder 757

Volume 68 (J): Samuel Johnston (1733-1816), 1804-1811 #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." Folder 757

Legal fee and personal and plantation expense memorandum.

Folder 758

Volume 69 (J): James C. Johnston, 1806-1808 #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." Folder 758

Personal and plantation expense memorandum. Includes names of people who ran errands and were likely enslaved by James Cathcart Johnston.

Folder 759

Volume 70 (J): James C. Johnston, 1806-1840 #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." Folder 759

Plantation account book with accounts for Caledonia, Hermitage, and Hayes, chiefly dealing with corn and hogs.

Folder 760

Volume 71 (J): James C. Johnston, 1809-1810 #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." Folder 760

Personal and plantation expense memorandum.

Reel M-324/21

Volume 72 (J): James C. Johnston, 1810-1813 #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." Reel M-324/21

Ledger including William McKenzie estate settlement, Poplar Plains account, and list of enslaved people.

Folder 762

Volume 73 (J): Samuel Johnston (1733-1816), 1811-1813 #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." Folder 762

Legal notes and personal and plantation expense memorandum.

Folder 763

Volume 74 (J): James C. Johnston, 1813-1816 #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." Folder 763

Personal and plantation expense memorandum for Hermitage.

Folder 764

Volume 75 (J): James C. Johnston, 1816-1818 #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." Folder 764

Personal and plantation expense memorandum; family obituaries on the first page.

Folder 765

Volume 76 (J): James C. Johnston, 1818-1821 #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." Folder 765

Personal and plantation expense memorandum.

Folder 766

Volume 77 (J): Joseph Blount, 1823-1827 #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." Folder 766

Account of Joseph Blount's estate with Gavin Hogg.

Reel M-324/21

Volume 78 (J): James C. Johnston, 1827-1841 #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." Reel M-324/21

Account book of Joseph Blount estate settlement and of guardianship of Blount's son, Joseph Blount.

Volume 79 (J): James C. Johnston, 1827-1843 #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." Reel M-324/21

Account book of Joseph Blount estate settlement and of guardianship of Blount's son, Joseph Blount.

Folder 769

Volume 80 (J): Philip W. Alston, 1830 #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." Folder 769

"Catalogue of Books Contained in the Library at Hayes Exclusive of Law-Books" (alphabetically arranged).

Folder 770

Volume 81 (J): James C. Johnston, 1855 #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." Folder 770

Brief plantation account memorandum.

Folder 771

Volume 82 (J): James C. Johnston, 1859 #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." Folder 771

Memorandum of expenses in building a house and cabins at Cedar Creek, Va.

Folder 772

Volume 83 (J): Benjamin H. Alston, undated #00324, Subseries: "1.2. Johnston Family Volumes, 1732-1859, and undated." Folder 772

Catalogue of books at Hayes (arranged by subject).

Back to Top

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 2. Wood family, 1810-1928.

About 8,000 items.

Arrangement: chronological.

Personal and business correspondence and financial and legal materials documenting two generations of the Wood family and others, including Edward Wood, (1820-1872), plantation owner, enslaver, and businessman; his wife Caroline Moore Gilliam Wood; and their sons Edward Wood and John Gilliam Wood.

Materials provide insight into antebellum and postbellum North Carolina and southern history, especially plantation administration, agriculture, the transition from an economy based on enslaved labor to tenant farming after the Civil War, trade and shipping, the settlement of the estate of James Cathcart Johnston, contemporary family and social life, education and school life, and health and medical treatment, including mental health.

This series has been divided into two subseries based on material type. The first subseries contains loose papers while the second contains bound volumes, both of which have been arranged chronologically.

Processing note: folders were renumbered in April 2022.

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 2.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1922.

About 8,000 items.

Arrangement: chronological.

Personal and business correspondence and financial and legal materials, documenting two generations of the Wood family, as well as people enslaved by them. Wood family members included Edward Wood, (1820-1872), plantation owner, enslaver, and businessman; his wife Caroline Moore Gilliam Wood; and their sons Edward Wood and John Gilliam Wood. Materials provide insight into antebellum and postbellum North Carolina history, especially plantation administration, agriculture, the transition from an economy based on enslaved labor to tenant farming after the Civil War, trade and shipping, settlement of the estate of James Cathcart Johnston, contemporary family and social life, education and school life, and health and medical treatment, including mental illness. Financial and legal materials include indentures, deeds, surveys, wills, judgments and suits, bills of lading, receipts, bills of sale for enslaved people, account sheets and ledgers, and inventories.

The series has been divided into two descriptive subseries based on significant shifts that signal a change in the cast of characters and/or the subjects treated during a specific time span.

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872.

About 4,475 items.

Arrangement: chronological.

Chiefly business and financial papers of Edward Wood (1820-1872), plantation owner, enslaver, and businessman, that document his farming and fishery businesses, as well as enslaved people and freed people. Materials include letters from commission merchants, business agents, and land and fishery managers; legal documents such as land surveys, indentures, wills, deeds, and insurance contracts; and financial materials such as receipts, bills of sale for enslaved people, hiring out contracts for enslaved people, bills of lading, account sheets, inventories, and stock, bond, and other investment materials. These materials provide insight into the economy of the South during Reconstruction and document political tensions between North and South. Other materials pertain to the Albemarle Steam Navigation Co., for which Wood served as president, and the Seaboard and Roanoke Railroad Co. and Albemarle and Chesapeake Canal Co., firms in which he had a vital interest because he used their services to ship his fish and crops to market. These materials relate chiefly to company stock information, business administration, and ship repairs and building. Materials of a more personal nature document the education of Wood's children, family life, social conditions and customs, travel, health, and the settling of lawsuits. Materials prior to 1860 consist chiefly of financial and legal documents; the bulk of the correspondence begins in 1860.

At the outbreak of the Civil War, Wood was invested in the building of a steamer ship known as the Virginia Dare. Materials for 1861 are chiefly concerned with this endeavor. Included are correspondence regarding the design of the vessel, blueprints, and receipts for Virginia Dare stock.

There is relatively little information about Civil War soldiers and battles. In the later part of 1862, Julian Wood wrote several letters from Camp French describing camp life and fortifications. Letters from Julian's relatives to Wood describe information received from Julian in his letters and relay news of his death in 1863.

The majority of letters from the Civil War period document southern sentiments regarding the Confederate cause and the failing economy. An "Appeal to the North," dated 8 December 1862, discusses the economy of free labor, defends the institution of slavery, and calls for an end to the war. Letters from prominent landholders discuss the interruption of agriculture and trade. Materials also document activities of enslaved people during this period and include a 22 April 1862 order to intercept and capture a group of enslaved people who had self-emancipated and a 23 April 1862 letter warning Wood to "watch his boats" since other boats in the area had been used to assist enslaved people to escape.

Wood's business routines were interrupted with the occupation of North Carolina by Federal forces. Fearing that fishermen would cross Federal lines in the Albemarle Sound to trade with Confederate supporters, the military government forbade fishing. In 1863, Wood petitioned Federal forces, particularly Captain Flusser, for the right to fish for the benefit of the poor. He was granted permission to fish on a limited scale, but was soon after taken prisoner and held hostage pending the release of a prisoner held by Confederate forces. James Cathcart Johnston (1782-1865) was a supporter of Wood and worked to procure his release. It was at this time that Johnston began to express his desire that his "relations not have anything to do with [his] affairs" and he made Wood and two others the executors and heirs of his estate.

Immediately following the war, materials document the legal dispute to pardon Wood for his alleged Confederate involvement. Another major legal matter was the settlement of James Cathcart Johnston's estate following his death on 9 May 1865. Johnston's cousins challenged the legitimacy of Johnston's will, stating that he had been mentally unstable at the time the will and accompanying letters of instruction were written. The will was established as legal in 1867, upholding Wood and the other executors as rightful heirs with the responsibility of carrying out its terms. However, new suits were brought against Wood, as executor, and the estate was not completely settled until 1871.

Letters often provide insight into legal preparations for the Johnston estate case, including hiring attorneys, appointing judges, and assessing attitudes of citizens in jurisdictions where the case could be tried. Letters from C. W. Hollowell, another executor, describe his experiences during the court proceedings and provide insight into the difficulties of reaching a settlement. Other related materials include account sheets, appeals for loans from members of the Johnston family, legal notes, subpoenas, and court rulings.

At the conclusion of the Civil War, Wood resumed his farming and fishing businesses. Correspondence describes the economy and industry during Reconstruction. Letters received from northern commission merchants discuss the consignment of fish and crops, market and economic conditions, hire of trading vessels and shipping contracts, assessment of goods, investment of profits, and the purchase of goods such as barrels and kegs, cork, ice, salt, whiskey, molasses, and netting for the fishing trade. Merchants with whom Wood did the majority of his business include James Bond and Whedbee & Dickinson in Baltimore; C. W. Grandy Co. & Sons in Norfolk; John N. Shriver in Philadelphia; and C. E. Morrison and Co. in Boston.

Letters from William Stowe, of the American Net & Twine Co. in Boston, detail developments in the net and twine industry. In the years immediately following the Civil War, Stowe expressed views on the economy of free labor in the South, Reconstruction, suffrage, and politics. Stowe also advised Wood to abandon his cotton crops since they would not be profitable.

Other materials reflect the changing economic structures and racial interactions in the South during Reconstruction. In 1865, Wood worked with agents to procure indentured laborers from England, Germany, and Sweden to work as household servants and farm hands. Materials include letters from John Williams of the American Emigration Co. in New York, receipts for passage from Europe, and a contract of indenture dated December 1865.

Beginning in the late 1860s, Wood received letters from individuals offering their skills as coopers, fishing hands, farmers, and land managers. They often stated wage expectations and mentioned wage offers from other landowners. Other individuals sought employment on Wood's various ships as clerks and captains.

Despite these appeals from interested laborers, letters from Daniel Valentine, who appears to have worked as a recruiter for Wood's fisheries, often document the lack of labor in certain areas or the competitive nature of wage labor following the war. Letters between land owners often lamented the fact that they could not find enough hired labor to work their land.

Sharecropping materials include advertisements, in the form of broadsides and newspaper articles; rental contracts; and letters from land managers that often complain of the poor profits attained in such work. Springs Brady and Davy M. Lee, who worked at Greenfield in the years following the war, were two of the tenants.

Wood's brother, William C. Wood, wrote many letters in 1867 that detail the management of Wood's fisheries. Letters from Caroline Moore Gilliam Wood to Edward Wood often provide updates on the activities of the farm, business issues, and family.

There are various materials pertaining to Wood's involvement with the Albemarle Steam Navigation Co, the Blackwater Steam Boat Co., and the Seaboard and Roanoke Railroad Co. Letters from the cessation of the war through the early 1870s refer to the purchase and repairs of ships, requests for free passage, scheduling of routes, and business contracts. Of interest are the letters from R. J. Powell in regards to the North Carolina Mail Service.

Following the war, Wood was involved in many charitable acts, and he received letters from friends, family, and community groups for financial assistance. Margaret Johnston, widow of Samuel Iredell Johnston (d. 1865), wrote letters beginning in 1866, requesting funds to provide for her children. Throughout the years, James Cathcart Johnston Jr. sought advances on his monetary allowances from the Johnston estate. Letters often recount his failed business endeavors, and an 1870 letter from his wife to Wood describes their destitution. In late 1869, Sarah Elliot wrote to attain a loan for the cost of publishing her book, Mrs. Elliot's Housewife: containing practical receipts in cookery.

The education of Edward Wood's children is well documented in letters, tuition receipts, and report cards. Beginning in 1862, Mary Wood was educated at the Patapsco Female School in Raleigh, N.C. Wood received reports on her progress from the director of the school. Letters from Edward Wood (1851-1898) begin in 1868 while he attended J. H. Horner's school in Oxford and relay his feelings about school, his education, requests for money, information about the family, and his expulsion from school in 1869. It appears that he witnessed a fight between a white shop keeper and a Black customer, and that he would be summoned as a witness in court. Such a summons proved that he was out past curfew, an infraction that lead to expulsion. His 13 May 1871 letter to his mother suggests that he also was later expelled from the University of Virginia.

Letters from business and personal correspondents throughout the series speak to Wood's poor health. It appears that he suffered from dyspepsia, and he considered many remedies, including eating oysters and maintaining a food and whiskey diet, over the years. His health apparently began to decline rapidly in 1871, when he began traveling to Asheville in the hopes of making a recovery. In 1872, he seemed to be preparing for death, and he began arranging his financial papers and drew up a will.

Folder 773

1810 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 773

Folder 774

1829 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 774

Folder 775

1830 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 775

Folder 776

1833 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 776

Folder 777

1838 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 777

Folder 778

1839 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 778

Folder 779

1841 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 779

Folder 780

1843 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 780

Folder 781

1844 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 781

Folder 782

1845 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 782

September 10: Record of sale and purchase of enslaved people.

Folder 783

1846 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 783

May 7: Records of hiring out of enslaved people.

May 21: Records of hiring out of enslaved people.

Folder 784

1847 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 784

April 29: Records of hiring out of enslaved people.

Folder 785

1849 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 785

Folder 786

1850 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 786

June 26: Record of sale and purchase of enslaved people.

Folder 787

1852 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 787

November 1: Record of sale and purchase of enslaved people.

November 13: Record of sale and purchase of enslaved people.

December 1: Record of sale and purchase of enslaved people.

Folder 788

1853 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 788

Folder 789

1854 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 789

Undated: Bill of sale for Fany, who was purchased from James D. Wynn by Edward Wood. John Cox and G. C. Moore signed as trustees.

July 25: Bill of sale for Washington (about 25 years), who was purchased from Trotman H. Ward by Edward Wood.

August 25: Bill of sale for James, who was purchased by Edward Wood in Richmond.

August 25: Bill of sale for William Plummer, who was purchased from Benjamin Davis by Edward Wood in Richmond.

August 25: Bill of sale for Sally and her child William, who were purchased from Benjamin Davis by Edward Wood in Richmond.

Folder 790

1856 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 790

January 5: Record of sale and purchase of enslaved people.

December 8: Record of sale and purchase of enslaved people.

December 29: Record of sale and purchase of enslaved people.

Folder 791

1857 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 791

November 12: Record of sale and purchase of enslaved people.

Folder 792

1858 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 792

January 1: Record of sale and purchase of enslaved people.

January 25: Record of sale and purchase of enslaved people.

Folder 793

1859 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 793

January 8: Record of sale and purchase of enslaved people.

Folder 794

January-March 1860 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 794

January 3: Records of hiring out of enslaved people.

Folder 795

April-June 1860 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 795

Folder 796

July-September 1860 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 796

Folder 797

October-December 1860 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 797

Folder 798

January 1861 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 798

January 1: Records of hiring out of enslaved people.

Folder 799

February 1861 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 799

Folder 800

March 1861 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 800

Folder 801

1-15 April 1861 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 801

Folder 802

16-30 April 1861 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 802

Folder 803

May 1861 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 803

Folder 804

June 1861 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 804

Folder 805

July 1861 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 805

Folder 806

August 1861 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 806

Folder 807

September 1861 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 807

Folder 808

October 1861 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 808

Folder 809

November 1861 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 809

Folder 810

December 1861 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 810

Folder 811

1862 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 811

January 1: Records of hiring out of enslaved people.

February 6: Correspondence in which the controversy over slavery is discussed..

April 23: Letter from W. C. Wood to Ned at Edenton, reporting that enslaved people had fled from Thompson, Heath, Henry Bond, and John Bond. Arnold, who was enslaved by Henry Bond, was one of the people who had self-emancipated. There may also have been an enslaved person named Miles who escaped from an enslaver named Foxwell.

November 17: Letter from H. Gilliam at Warrenton to Captain J. Gilliam, counseling his brother to move enslaved people to a safer location so that they do not try to self-emancipate on their own. Jim, who was enslaved by H. Gilliam, is also mentioned.

November 20: Letter from J. Gilliam counseling another Gilliam brother to remove the people enslaved by him to an area more safe from the war. Jim and Godfrey are mentioned as message carriers. Henry, a young person enslaved to J. Gilliam, is mentioned as having escaped from slavery with his father.

December 8: Correspondence in which the controversy over slavery is discussed..

Folder 812

1863 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 812

Undated: letter to Ned Gilliam (?) recommending that people enslaved by him be moved to a safer location.

Undated: Hiring contract for Hester and four children, who were enslaved by Elizabeth Jackson and hired by Charles G. Britt.

Folder 813

1864 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 813

February 10: Letter from Benjamin Batten of the 18th Army Corps, Department of Virginia and North Carolina, with answers to questions from citizens, including how enslaved people who had left the area but sought to return would be treated.

Folder 814

January 1865 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 814

Folder 815

February 1865 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 815

Folder 816

March 1865 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 816

Folder 817

April 1865 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 817

Folder 818

May 1865 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 818

Folder 819

June 1865 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 819

Folder 820

July 1865 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 820

July 9: Reconstruction era record.

Folder 821

August 1865 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 821

Folder 822

September 1865 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 822

September 4: Reconstruction era record.

September 8: Reconstruction era record.

September 19: Reconstruction era record.

Folder 823

October 1865 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 823

Folder 824

November 1865 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 824

November 10: Reconstruction era record.

November 17: Reconstruction era record.

Folder 825

December 1865 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 825

December 26: Reconstruction era record.

December 27: Reconstruction era record.

Folder 826

1-15 January 1866 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 826

Undated: Reconstruction era record.

January 3: Reconstruction era record.

Folder 827

16-31 January 1866 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 827

Folder 828

1-15 February 1866 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 828

Folder 829

16-28 February 1866 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 829

Folder 830

1-10 March 1866 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 830

Folder 831

11-20 March 1866 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 831

March 15: Reconstruction era record.

Folder 832

21-31 March 1866 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 832

Folder 833

1-15 April 1866 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 833

April 10: Reconstruction era record.

Folder 834

16-30 April 1866 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 834

Folder 835

1-5 May 1866 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 835

Folder 836

6-10 May 1866 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 836

Folder 837

11-15 May 1866 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 837

May 15: Reconstruction era record.

Folder 838

16-20 May 1866 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 838

Folder 839

21-25 May 1866 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 839

Folder 840

26-31 May 1866 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 840

Folder 841

1-10 June 1866 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 841

June 1: Reconstruction era record.

Folder 842

11-20 June 1866 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 842

Folder 843

21-30 June 1866 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 843

Folder 844

July 1866 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 844

July 4: Reconstruction era record.

Folder 845

1-15 August 1866 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 845

August 3: Reconstruction era record.

Folder 846

16-31 August 1866 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 846

Folder 847

September 1866 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 847

September 15: Reconstruction era record.

Folder 848

1-15 October 1866 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 848

Folder 849

16-31 October 1866 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 849

October 22: Reconstruction era record.

Folder 850

November 1866 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 850

Folder 851

1-15 December 1866 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 851

Folder 852

16-31 December 1866 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 852

Folder 853

1-15 January 1867 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 853

Folder 854

16-31 January 1867 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 854

January 29: Reconstruction era record.

Folder 855

Legal notes related to James Cathcart Johnson estate case, February 1867 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 855

Folder 856

February 1867 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 856

Folder 857

1-15 March 1867 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 857

Folder 858

16-31 March 1867 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 858

Folder 859

1-10 April 1867 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 859

Folder 860

11-20 April 1867 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 860

Folder 861

21-30 April 1867 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 861

Folder 862

1-10 May 1867 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 862

Folder 863

11-20 May 1867 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 863

Folder 864

21-31 May 1867 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 864

Folder 865

1-15 June 1867 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 865

Folder 866

16-30 June 1867 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 866

Folder 867

1-15 July 1867 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 867

Folder 868

16-31 July 1867 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 868

July 22: Reconstruction era record.

July 29: Reconstruction era record.

Folder 869

1-15 August 1867 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 869

Undated: Reconstruction era record.

Folder 870

16-31 August 1867 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 870

Folder 871

1-15 September 1867 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 871

Folder 872

16-30 September 1867 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 872

Folder 873

1-15 October 1867 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 873

Folder 874

16-31 October 1867 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 874

Folder 875

1-15 November 1867 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 875

November 11: Reconstruction era record.

Folder 876

16-30 November 1867 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 876

November 27: Reconstruction era record.

Folder 877

1-15 December 1867 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 877

December 1: Reconstruction era record.

Folder 878

16-31 December 1867 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 878

Folder 879

1-10 January 1868 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 879

January 1: Reconstruction era record.

Folder 880

11-20 January 1868 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 880

Folder 881

21-30 January 1868 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 881

Folder 882

1-15 February 1868 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 882

Folder 883

16-28 February 1868 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 883

Folder 884

1-10 March 1868 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 884

Folder 885

11-20 March 1868 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 885

Folder 886

21-31 March 1868 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 886

Folder 887

1-10 April 1868 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 887

Folder 888

11-20 April 1868 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 888

Folder 889

21-30 April 1868 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 889

Folder 890

1-10 May 1868 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 890

Folder 891

11-20 May 1868 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 891

Folder 892

21-31 May 1868 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 892

Folder 893

1-15 June 1868 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 893

Folder 894

16-30 June 1868 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 894

Folder 895

1-15 July 1868 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 895

Folder 896

16-31 July 1868 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 896

Folder 897

August 1868 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 897

Folder 898

September 1868 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 898

Folder 899

1-15 October 1868 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 899

Folder 900

16-31 October 1868 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 900

October 25: Reconstruction era record.

October 30: Reconstruction era record.

Folder 901

1-15 November 1868 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 901

Folder 902

16-30 November 1868 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 902

Folder 903

1-10 December 1868 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 903

Folder 904

11-20 December 1868 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 904

Folder 905

21-31 December 1868 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 905

Oversize Paper Folder OPF-324/4

Miscellaneous papers, 1868, 1892, and undated #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." OPF-324/4

Advertisement for "Winter Seed Wheat," 1868; land grant, 1892; a musical score titled "Hercules Waltz," undated; and an advertisement for mill equipment, undated.

Folder 906

1-10 January 1869 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 906

January 4: Reconstruction era record.

Folder 907

11-20 January 1869 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 907

Folder 908

21-31 January 1869 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 908

Folder 909

1-15 February 1869 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 909

Folder 910

16-28 February 1869 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 910

Folder 911

1-15 March 1869 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 911

Folder 912

16-31 March 1869 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 912

Folder 913

1-10 April 1869 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 913

Folder 914

11-20 April 1869 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 914

April 19: Reconstruction era record.

Folder 915

21-30 April 1869 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 915

Folder 916

1-15 May 1869 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 916

Folder 917

16-31 May 1869 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 917

Folder 918

1-15 June 1869 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 918

Folder 919

16-30 June 1869 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 919

Folder 920

1-15 July 1869 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 920

Folder 921

16-31 July 1869 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 921

Folder 922

August 1869 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 922

Folder 923

September 1869 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 923

Folder 924

1-10 October 1869 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 924

Folder 925

11-20 October 1869 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 925

Folder 926

21-31 October 1869 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 926

Folder 927

1-15 November 1869 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 927

Folder 928

16-31 November 1869 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 928

Folder 929

1-10 December 1869 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 929

Folder 930

11-20 December 1869 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 930

December 11: Reconstruction era record.

Folder 931

21-31 December 1869 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 931

Folder 932

1-5 January 1870 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 932

Folder 933

6-10 January 1870 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 933

Folder 934

11-15 January 1870 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 934

Folder 935

16-20 January 1870 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 935

Folder 936

21-25 January 1870 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 936

Folder 937

26-31 January 1870 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 937

Folder 938

1-10 February 1870 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 938

Folder 939

11-20 February 1870 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 939

Folder 940

21-28 February 1870 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 940

Folder 941

1-10 March 1870 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 941

Folder 942

11-20 March 1870 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 942

Folder 943

21-31 March 1870 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 943

Folder 944

1-10 April 1870 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 944

Folder 945

11-20 April 1870 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 945

Folder 946

21-31 April 1870 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 946

Folder 947

1-10 May 1870 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 947

Folder 948

11-20 May 1870 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 948

Folder 949

21-31 May 1870 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 949

Folder 950

1-15 June 1870 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 950

Folder 951

16-30 June 1870 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 951

Folder 952

1-15 July 1870 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 952

Folder 953

16-31 July 1870 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 953

Folder 954

August 1870 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 954

August 12: Reconstruction era record.

Folder 955

September 1870 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 955

Folder 956

1-10 October 1870 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 956

Folder 957

11-20 October 1870 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 957

Folder 958

21-31 October 1870 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 958

Folder 959

1-15 November 1870 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 959

Folder 960

16-30 November 1870 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 960

Folder 961

1-15 December 1870 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 961

December 7: Reconstruction era record.

Folder 962

16-31 December 1870 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 962

Folder 963

1-10 January 1871 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 963

Folder 964

11-20 January 1871 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 964

Folder 965

21-31 January 1871 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 965

January 30: Reconstruction era record.

Folder 966

1-15 February 1871 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 966

Folder 967

16-28 February 1871 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 967

Folder 968

1-10 March 1871 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 968

Folder 969

11-20 March 1871 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 969

Folder 970

21-31 March 1871 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 970

Folder 971

1-10 April 1871 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 971

Folder 972

11-20 April 1871 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 972

Folder 973

21-30 April 1871 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 973

Folder 974

1-10 May 1871 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 974

Folder 975

11-20 May 1871 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 975

Folder 976

21-31 May 1871 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 976

Folder 977

June 1871 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 977

Folder 978

July 1871 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 978

Folder 979

August 1871 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 979

August 9: Reconstruction era record.

Folder 980

September 1871 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 980

Folder 981

October 1871 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 981

Folder 982

November 1871 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 982

Folder 983

December 1871 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 983

Folder 984

1-15 January 1872 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 984

Folder 985

16-31 January 1872 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 985

Folder 986

February 1872 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 986

Folder 987

March 1872 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 987

Folder 988

1-15 April 1872 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 988

Folder 989

16-30 April 1872 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 989

Folder 990

1-10 May 1872 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 990

Folder 991

11-20 May 1872 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 991

Folder 992

21-31 May 1872 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 992

Folder 993

1-15 June 1872 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 993

Folder 994

16-30 June 1872 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 994

June 17: Reconstruction era record.

Folder 995

1-15 July 1872 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 995

Folder 996

16-31 July 1872 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 996

Folder 997

August 1872 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 997

Folder 998

September 1872 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 998

Folder 999

1-15 October 1872 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 999

Folder 1000

16-31 October 1872 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 1000

Folder 1001

November 1872 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 1001

Folder 1002

December 1872 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.1. Wood Family Papers, 1810-1872." Folder 1002

Back to Top

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921.

About 3,525 items.

Arrangement: chronological.

Chiefly correspondence and financial materials relating to the administration of the Wood family farms and fisheries. Following Edward Wood's death in 1872, Caroline Moore Gilliam Wood (1851-1898) began to manage the family's business affairs with the help of her brother-in-law, William C. Wood, and, after his death in 1876, with her sons, Edward Wood (851-1898), John Wood, and Frank Wood. Correspondence details the administration of the fisheries and comments on the industry and market changes from season to season, including the decline in profits from the fishing and cotton trades beginning in 1878. Caroline's letters in March and April of 1877 to her son, Frank, who was studying at the University of North Carolina, often express her disappointment in Edward's management of the fisheries. Major business correspondents include C. W. Skinner, Whedbee & Dickinson in Baltimore, and C. W. Grandy Co. & Sons in Norfolk. Other financial materials include receipts, invoices, bills of lading, labor inventories, and account sheets.

This subseries also provides comprehensive insight into the personal lives of the Wood family members. Letters between Caroline and her children increase in frequency after 1874 and detail family life; health concerns; social life and customs; college life, particularly at the University of Virginia and at the University of North Carolina; travel; politics; and business. Caroline's extensive letters to her children describe the success of various business endeavors, recount financial information, and often advise frugality with allowances, especially after 1877. Caroline comments on the activities of members of the community, providing background information on social life and interactions within North Carolina. Letters also relay information received in correspondence with her other children; report on the health of family members, particularly Bettie, who suffered from a lengthy illness; and encourage diligence in all academic pursuits. Her letters to son James Wood express concern over his physical health and foreshadow his untimely death in October 1876. The Wood siblings also corresponded with each other. In a 27 February 1876 letter to his brother, James Wood described the student festivities following the passing of a bill by the Virginia State Legislature to appropriate $30,000 a year to the University of Virginia.

In addition to letters from family members, John Wood received notes from friends while studying bookkeeping at the Eastman Business School in Poughkeepsie, N.Y., in 1874. Letters concern a variety of topics including politics and elections, student life, and social events. A 17 October 1874 letter from a classmate at the University of Virginia describes several fraternities and the activities of many of their mutual friends.

Annie wrote several letters while attending Salem Female Institute, and later, Saint Mary's in Raleigh (circa 1876), in which she discussed her courses of study and social activities. Her later letters are a rich source of information on social life and customs of the people of eastern North Carolina.

In 1878, John traveled to Europe from whence he wrote two lengthy letters describing the cities and people that he visited, having particularly strong opinions on England, Switzerland, and Italy. In October of 1883, Annie wrote to her brother Julian about her northern tour. She described her trip to the Exposition and expressed her pride in the North Carolina exhibit. She also gave her impressions of Boston, Cambridge, and Washington D.C.

Following Caroline's death, personal correspondence among Wood family members is infrequent. Julian's 1889 letters, addressed to John and written while he was studying law at the University of North Carolina, discuss college life and inquire about the family crops. Mary Hall also wrote regarding crops and farming profits and gave information about family health and activities. A 28 September 1901 letter informs John of his brother Hal's diagnosis with tuberculosis.

Between 1905 and 1910 materials document negotiations between John and the Norfolk & Southern Railway Co. to purchase part of the Hayes farm for railway development.

John received letters from Charles De F. Burnes, a well-known collector of autograph letters, with regard to family correspondence dating to the American Revolutionary War period. Additionally, there are materials pertaining to the assessment and preservation of select materials from the Wood library.

Folder 1003

1-15 January 1873 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1003

Folder 1004

16-31 January 1873 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1004

Folder 1005

1-15 February 1873 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1005

Folder 1006

16-28 February 1873 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1006

Folder 1007

1-10 March 1873 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1007

Folder 1008

11-20 March 1873 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1008

Folder 1009

21-31 March 1873 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1009

Folder 1010

1-15 April 1873 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1010

Folder 1011

16-30 April 1873 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1011

Folder 1012

1-15 May 1873 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1012

Folder 1013

16-31 May 1873 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1013

Folder 1014

1-15 June 1873 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1014

Folder 1015

16-30 June 1873 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1015

Folder 1016

1-15 July 1873 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1016

Folder 1017

16-31 July 1873 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1017

Folder 1018

August 1873 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1018

Folder 1019

September 1873 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1019

Folder 1020

October 1873 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1020

Folder 1021

1-15 November 1873 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1021

Folder 1022

16-30 November 1873 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1022

Folder 1023

December 1873 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1023

Folder 1024

1-10 January 1874 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1024

Folder 1025

11-20 January 1874 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1025

Folder 1026

21-31 January 1874 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1026

Folder 1027

1-15 February 1874 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1027

Folder 1028

16-28 February 1874 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1028

Folder 1029

1-10 March 1874 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1029

Folder 1030

11-20 March 1874 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1030

Folder 1031

21-31 March 1874 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1031

Folder 1032

1-5 April 1874 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1032

Folder 1033

6-10 April 1874 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1033

Folder 1034

11-15 April 1874 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1034

Folder 1035

16-20 April 1874 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1035

Folder 1036

21-25 April 1874 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1036

Folder 1037

26-30 April 1874 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1037

Folder 1038

1-5 May 1874 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1038

Folder 1039

6-8 May 1874 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1039

Folder 1040

9 May 1874 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1040

Folder 1041

11-15 May 1874 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1041

Folder 1042

16-20 May 1874 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1042

Folder 1043

21-25 May 1874 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1043

Folder 1044

26-31 May 1874 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1044

Folder 1045

June 1874 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1045

Folder 1046

1-15 July 1874 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1046

Folder 1047

16-31 July 1874 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1047

Folder 1048

August 1874 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1048

Folder 1049

September 1874 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1049

Folder 1050

October 1874 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1050

Folder 1051

November 1874 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1051

Folder 1052

December 1874 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1052

Folder 1053

1-15 January 1875 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1053

Folder 1054

16-31 January 1875 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1054

Folder 1055

February 1875 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1055

Folder 1056

1-10 March 1875 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1056

Folder 1057

11-20 March 1875 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1057

Folder 1058

21-31 March 1875 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1058

Folder 1059

1-10 April 1875 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1059

Folder 1060

11-20 April 1875 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1060

Folder 1061

21-30 April 1875 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1061

Folder 1062

1-10 May 1875 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1062

Folder 1063

11-20 May 1875 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1063

Folder 1064

21-31 May 1875 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1064

Folder 1065

June 1875 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1065

Folder 1066

July 1875 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1066

Folder 1067

August 1875 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1067

Folder 1068

September 1875 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1068

Folder 1069

October 1875 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1069

October 20: Reconstruction era record.

October 22: Reconstruction era record.

Folder 1070

November 1875 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1070

November 3: Reconstruction era record.

Folder 1071

December 1875 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1071

Folder 1072

January 1876 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1072

Folder 1073

February 1876 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1073

Folder 1074

March 1876 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1074

Folder 1075

1-10 April 1876 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1075

Folder 1076

11-20 April 1876 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1076

Folder 1077

21-30 April 1876 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1077

Folder 1078

1-10 May 1876 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1078

Folder 1079

11-20 May 1876 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1079

Folder 1080

21-31 May 1876 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1080

Folder 1081

1-15 June 1876 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1081

Folder 1082

16-30 June 1876 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1082

Folder 1083

1-15 July 1876 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1083

Folder 1084

16-31 July 1876 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1084

Folder 1085

August 1876 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1085

Folder 1086

September 1876 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1086

Folder 1087

October 1876 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1087

Folder 1088

November 1876 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1088

Folder 1089

December 1876 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1089

Folder 1090

1-15 January 1877 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1090

Folder 1091

16-31 January 1877 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1091

Folder 1092

1-15 February 1877 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1092

Folder 1093

16-28 February 1877 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1093

Folder 1094

1-10 March 1877 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1094

Folder 1095

11-20 March 1877 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1095

Folder 1096

21-31 March 1877 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1096

Folder 1097

1-15 April 1877 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1097

Folder 1098

16-30 April 1877 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1098

Folder 1099

1-15 May 1877 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1099

Folder 1100

16-31 May 1877 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1100

Folder 1101

June 1877 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1101

Folder 1102

July 1877 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1102

Folder 1103

August 1877 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1103

Folder 1104

September 1877 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1104

Folder 1105

October 1877 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1105

Folder 1106

November 1877 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1106

Folder 1107

December 1877 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1107

Folder 1108

January 1878 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1108

Folder 1109

February 1878 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1109

Folder 1110

March 1878 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1110

Folder 1111

April 1878 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1111

Folder 1112

1-15 May 1878 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1112

Folder 1113

16-31 May 1878 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1113

Folder 1114

June 1878 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1114

Folder 1115

July 1878 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1115

Folder 1116

August 1878 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1116

Folder 1117

September 1878 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1117

Folder 1118

October 1878 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1118

Folder 1119

November 1878 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1119

Folder 1120

December 1878 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1120

Folder 1121

Janunary 1879 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1121

Folder 1122

February 1879 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1122

Folder 1123

March 1879 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1123

Folder 1124

April 1879 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1124

Folder 1125

May 1879 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1125

Folder 1126

June 1879 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1126

Folder 1127

July 1879 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1127

Folder 1128

August 1879 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1128

Folder 1129

September 1879 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1129

Folder 1130

October 1879 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1130

Folder 1131

November 1879 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1131

Folder 1132

December 1879 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1132

Folder 1133

January 1880 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1133

Folder 1134

February-June 1880 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1134

Folder 1135

July-December 1880 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1135

Folder 1136

January-February 1881 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1136

Folder 1137

March-May 1881 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1137

Folder 1138

June 1881 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1138

Folder 1139

July 1881 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1139

Folder 1140

August-October 1881 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1140

Folder 1141

November-December 1881 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1141

Folder 1142

January 1882 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1142

Folder 1143

February 1882 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1143

Folder 1144

March 1882 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1144

Folder 1145

April 1882 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1145

Folder 1146

May-June 1882 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1146

Folder 1147

July-August 1882 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1147

Folder 1148

September-December 1882 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1148

Folder 1149

January 1883 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1149

Folder 1150

February 1883 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1150

Folder 1151

March 1883 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1151

Folder 1152

April 1883 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1152

Folder 1153

May 1883 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1153

Folder 1154

June 1883 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1154

Folder 1155

July 1883 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1155

Folder 1156

August-September 1883 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1156

Folder 1157

October-December 1883 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1157

Folder 1158

January 1884 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1158

Folder 1159

February-April 1884 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1159

Folder 1160

May 1884 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1160

Folder 1161

June 1884 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1161

Folder 1162

July 1884 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1162

Folder 1163

August-November 1884 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1163

Folder 1164

December 1884 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1164

Folder 1165

January 1885 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1165

Folder 1166

February-March 1885 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1166

Folder 1167

April 1885 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1167

Folder 1168

May 1885 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1168

Folder 1169

June-July 1885 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1169

Folder 1170

August-October 1885 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1170

Folder 1171

November-December 1885 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1171

Folder 1172

January-April 1886 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1172

Folder 1173

May 1886 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1173

Folder 1174

June-July 1886 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1174

Folder 1175

October-December #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1175

Folder 1176

January-March 1887 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1176

Folder 1177

April-June 1887 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1177

Folder 1178

July-August 1887 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1178

Folder 1179

October-December 1887 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1179

Folder 1180

January-March 1888 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1180

Folder 1181

April-June 1888 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1181

Folder 1182

July-December 1888 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1182

Folder 1183

January-April 1889 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1183

Folder 1184

May-August 1889 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1184

Folder 1185

September-December 1889 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1185

Folder 1186

January-April 1890 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1186

Folder 1187

May-December 1890 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1187

Folder 1188

January-June 1891 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1188

Folder 1189

July-December 1891 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1189

Folder 1190

January-April 1892 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1190

Folder 1191

May-June 1892 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1191

Folder 1192

July-December 1892 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1192

Folder 1193

January-May 1893 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1193

Folder 1194

June-December 1893 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1194

Folder 1195

1894 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1195

Folder 1196

1895 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1196

Folder 1197

January-May 1896 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1197

Folder 1198

June-December 1896 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1198

Folder 1199

1897 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1199

Folder 1200

1898 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1200

Folder 1201

January-April 1899 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1201

Folder 1202

May-December 1899 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1202

Folder 1203

January-April 1900 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1203

Folder 1204

May-December 1900 #00324, Subseries: "2.1.2. Wood Family Papers, 1873-1921." Folder 1204