Collection Number: 00345

Collection Title: William Alexander Hoke Papers, 1750-1925

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the Duplication Policy section for more information.


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Size 11.5 feet of linear shelf space (approximately 4200 items)
Abstract The collection includes letters, financial and legal papers, genealogical papers, and other materials pertaining to William Alexander Hoke, a white lawyer, legislator, and chief justice of the North Carolina Supreme Court, of Lincolnton, Lincoln County, N.C.; members of the related Alexander, Henderson, McBee, and Wilson families; and people enslaved by these families. Topics include the buying and selling of enslaved people; human trafficking, then called "hiring out"; abolitionism; reminiscences about Julia, a nurse formerly enslaved by the family; Reconstruction era terrorism, including references to activities of the Ku Klux Klan; and Black membership at St. Luke's Church in Lincolnton, N.C. Other topics include 19th-century North Carolina politics; an antebellum gold mining operation; John Franklin Hoke's involvement in the Mexican-American War; the American Civil War, including the homefront and service of family members and others in the Confederate army and navy and the North Carolina State Troops, Company B, 1st Regiment Artillery; the legal career of William Alexander Hoke; the brief theatrical career of Laura Alexander in the 1870s; and Sallie Badger Hoke's travels to Europe and Egypt in the 1880s. Also included are recipes and cures, North Carolina land records dating back to the 1750s, and legal documents and financial items relating to family members. Correspondents include North Carolina Governor David L. Swain; Frances Christine Fisher Tiernan, the novelist who wrote as Christian Reid; Zebulon Vance; and Josephus Daniels.
Creator Hoke, William Alexander, 1851-1925.
Language English
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Restrictions to Access
No restrictions. Open for research.
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the William Alexander Hoke Papers #345, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Acquisitions Information
Received from Mrs. M. J. Slaughter and Mary Deaton before 1940.
Sensitive Materials Statement
Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, the North Carolina Public Records Act (N.C.G.S. § 132 1 et seq.), and Article 7 of the North Carolina State Personnel Act (Privacy of State Employee Personnel Records, N.C.G.S. § 126-22 et seq.). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill assumes no responsibility.
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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subject Headings

The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.

Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Biographical Information

William Alexander Hoke, a white lawyer, legislator and chief justice of the North Carolina Supreme Court, was born 25 October 1851 in Lincolnton, N.C. His father, John Franklin Hoke (1821-1888), fought in the Mexican-American War, served as adjutant general of North Carolina by appointment of Governor John Ellis in 1861, and later, as a colonel, commanded the Thirteenth and, subsequently, Twenty-third North Carolina regiments of the Confederate Army. William Alexander Hoke's mother was Catherine Wilson Alexander Hoke (d. 1857), and he had two sisters, Nancy Childs Hoke (1856-1893) and Sallie Badger Hoke (d. 1914). Hoke married Mary (Mamie) McBee (d. 1920) of Lincolnton, and with her had one child Mary.

Hoke was educated at the Lincolnton Male Academy and later studied law under North Carolina Chief Justice Richmond M. Pearson. He practiced law for eight years in Shelby, N.C., then returned to Lincolnton and joined his father in a law partnership, which lasted until John Franklin Hoke's death in 1888. A lifelong Democrat, Alex Hoke, as he was known, represented Lincoln County in the state legislature in 1889 and was elected a state Superior Court judge the following year. He remained a trial judge until 1904 when he was elected an associate justice of the North Carolina Supreme Court. Reelected in 1912 and 1920, he was appointed chief justice on 2 June 1924, succeeding Walter Clark upon his death. Hoke was elected chief justice in November 1924, but resigned on 16 March 1925 because of poor health. He held the status of an emergency judge until his death on 13 September 1925.

The judicial opinions of Justice Hoke appear in 53 volumes of the Supreme Court Reports (#137-#189 inclusive) and deal with a wide range of subjects. In Hicks v. Manufacturing Co. (138 N.C), Hoke wrote the decision that settled questions of assumption of risk and contributory negligence as affected by the negligence of an employer. He also wrote significant decisions concerning other matters of civil law, such as contracts, wills, conveyances, notes, and various suits in equity.

(Adapted from the biographical note by Walser H. Allen Jr. in the Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, Volume III, 1988.)

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Scope and Content

The William Alexander Hoke Papers include letters, financial and legal papers, genealogical papers, and other materials pertaining to William Alexander Hoke, a white lawyer, legislator, and chief justice of the North Carolina Supreme Court, of Lincolnton, Lincoln County, N.C.; members of the related Alexander, Henderson, McBee, and Wilson families; and the people enslaved by these families. Topics include the buying and selling of enslaved people; human trafficking, then called "hiring out"; abolitionism; reminiscences about Julia, a nurse formerly enslaved by the family; Reconstruction era terrorism, including references to activities of the Ku Klux Klan; and Black membership at St. Luke's Church in Lincolnton, N.C. Other topics include 19th-century North Carolina politics; an antebellum gold mining operation; John Franklin Hoke's involvement in the Mexican-American War; the American Civil War, including the homefront and service of family members and others in the Confederate army and navy and the North Carolina State Troops, Company B, 1st Regiment Artillery; the legal career of William Alexander Hoke; the brief theatrical career of Laura Alexander in the 1870s; and Sallie Badger Hoke's travels to Europe and Egypt in the 1880s. Also included are recipes and cures, North Carolina land records dating back to the 1750s, and legal documents and financial items relating to family members. Correspondents include North Carolina Governor David L. Swain; Frances Christine Fisher Tiernan, the novelist who wrote as Christian Reid; Zebulon Vance; and Josephus Daniels.

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Contents list

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series Quick Links

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 1. Correspondence and Related Items, 1791-1925.

About 3100 items.

Arrangement: chronological.

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 1.1. Correspondence, 1791-1838.

32 items.

Chiefly family correspondence and some business letters. Most of the family letters are those of Elizabeth Henderson Alexander and her brothers, Leonard Henderson (North Carolina Supreme Court chief justice, 1829-1833) and Archibald Henderson (member of Congress, 1799-1803). Business correspondence mainly consists of letters between J. H. Bissell and Kemp P. Willis.

Folder 1

Correspondence, 1790s #00345, Subseries: "1.1. Correspondence, 1791-1838." Folder 1

Folder 2

Correspondence, 1800-1835 #00345, Subseries: "1.1. Correspondence, 1791-1838." Folder 2

Folder 3

Correspondence, 1836-1838 #00345, Subseries: "1.1. Correspondence, 1791-1838." Folder 3

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 1.2. Correspondence, 1840-1869.

About 250 items.

Topics include the forced removal of Cherokees from North Carolina, politics, the Mexican-American War, the American Civil War, and family matters. Correspondence primarily documents John Franklin Hoke and his activities, although there are also numerous items relating to the Alexander family, especially Elvira Catherine Wilson Alexander, Joseph Wilson Alexander, William Lee Alexander, Laura Alexander, and Mary Josephine (Coosa) Wilson. Correspondents who were not family members include Milledge Luke Bonham, Charles Fisher, Maxcy Gregg, Joseph Lane, Levi Silliman Ives, and Eleanor Swain, wife of North Carolina Governor David L. Swain.

Of note are John Franklin Hoke's efforts to obtain a federal contract to handle the forced removal of Cherokee from North Carolina (28 April, 4 May, 6 May, 19 May, 3 September, and 25 November 1857). Many letters relate to political matters of the period including banking issues (November 1840), President John Tyler's use of the veto (22 September 1841), local party politics (December 1841, 10 February 1842, 25 October 1852, 8 April and 6 July 1855), the southern convention movement (21 August and 25 September 1850, 7 March 1851), the Kansas-Nebraska Act (8 July 1854), the raid on Harper's Ferry (18 November 1859), and the visit of Hungarian nationalist Louis Kossuth to the United States (18 November 1852). Mexican-American War materials document John Franklin Hoke's military service (1847), including charges of cowardice; recruits in Lincolnton, N.C., and St. Louis, Mo.; a post war audit of provisions (e.g., 27 January and 23 February 1850, 17 January and 17 March 1851); and an army commission (25 February 1851). There are several letters relating to Levi Silliman Ives, North Carolina's antebellum Episcopal bishop whose conversion to Roman Catholicism stirred great controversy in the state (3 June 1850, 23 February 1852, 9 May 1854, and several undated items from the 1850s).

American Civil War materials document John Franklin F. Hoke's service as North Carolina adjutant general (1861), including communications with North Carolina Governor John Ellis (June 1861) and receipts for weapons. He later served as colonel in the 13th and 23rd North Carolina regiments. Most of the American Civil War material, however, concern Joseph Wilson Alexander and William Lee Alexander, both of whom served in the Confederate military. The letters of Joseph Wilson Alexander, a United States Navy officer circa 1857-1861, recount his early anticipation of the war (30 November 1860), his later experiences as a prisoner of war in New England (13 September 1863, December 1863, 7 August 1864, and file of undated 1861-1865), and his return to active duty following a prisoner exchange (9 November 1864). There is also a letter from C. W. Read to Alexander, trying to obtain a wagon so that he and a group of Confederates could evade General Sherman and the Union Army and make it to the Trans-Mississippi West (20 February 1865). Occasional letters throughout the war touch on William Lee Alexander's activities with the Confederate Army in Texas, where he had moved before the war to serve as president of the University of Nacogdoches (25 October and 20 December 1859, and 9 February 1860). Also included here is a notebook belonging to H. T. Guion with records of the North Carolina State Troops, Company B, 1st Regiment Artillery (V-345/2).

Folder 4

Correspondence, 1840-1846 #00345, Subseries: "1.2. Correspondence, 1840-1869." Folder 4

Topics include: banking issues, November 1840; President John Tyler's use of the veto, 22 September 1841; local party politics, December 1841, 10 February 1842.

Folder 5

Correspondence, 1847-1849 #00345, Subseries: "1.2. Correspondence, 1840-1869." Folder 5

In 1847, several items deal with John Franklin Hoke's military service during the Mexican-American War, including lists of recruits in Lincolnton, N.C., and St. Louis, Mo., as well as letters denying charges of cowardice against him.

Folder 6

Correspondence, 1850-1853 #00345, Subseries: "1.2. Correspondence, 1840-1869." Folder 6

Letters relating to the southern convention movement are dated 21 August and 25 September 1850, 7 March 1851.

After the war, John Franklin Hoke corresponded with United States Treasury Department auditors about army provisions for which he had been responsible as a military officer (27 January and 23 February 1850, 17 January and 17 March 1851). At the same time, Hoke also sought an army commission for which he was endorsed by M. L. Bonham, who had been Hoke's superior officer in Mexico and later represented South Carolina in Congress (25 February 1851).

Letters in this folder relating to Levi Silliman Ives, North Carolina's antebellum Episcopal bishop whose conversion to Roman Catholicism stirred great controversy in the state, are dated 3 June 1850 and 23 February 1852.

Catherine Wilson Alexander Hoke mentioned the visit of Hungarian nationalist Louis Kossuth to the United States and noted that her sister "talks of little else" (18 November 1852).

Folder 7

Correspondence, 1854-1859 #00345, Subseries: "1.2. Correspondence, 1840-1869." Folder 7

Includes correspondence related to the Kansas-Nebraska Act, 8 July 1854; and the raid on Harper's Ferry, 18 November 1859. Several letters in 1857 relate to the forced removal of Cherokees from North Carolina, specifically with John Franklin Hoke's efforts to obtain a federal contract to handle the removal. See 28 April, 4 May, 6 May, 19 May, 3 September, and 25 November 1857.

Other topics: local party politics, 25 October 1852, 8 April and 6 July 1855.

A letter in this folder relating to Levi Silliman Ives, North Carolina's antebellum Episcopal bishop whose conversion to Roman Catholicism stirred great controversy in the state, is dated 9 May 1854. There are also several related undated items from the 1850s.

Letters in this folder relating to William Lee Alexander presidency at the University of Nacogdoches are dated 25 October and 20 December 1859.

Folder 8

Correspondence, 1860 #00345, Subseries: "1.2. Correspondence, 1840-1869." Folder 8

Joseph Wilson Alexander predicted trouble when he heard of Lincoln's 1860 election while in port at Gibraltar and resigned his commission and joined the Confederate Navy. See 30 November 1860.

A letter in this folder relating to William Lee Alexander presidency at the University of Nacogdoches is dated 9 February 1860.

Oversize Volume SV-345/1

1857-1860 #00345, Subseries: "1.2. Correspondence, 1840-1869." SV-345/1

Volume is Joseph Wilson Alexander's account of his voyage on the U.S.S. Germantown from Norfolk, Va., to various Asian ports, 1857-1860.

Correspondence, 1861 #00345, Subseries: "1.2. Correspondence, 1840-1869." SV-345/1

John Franklin Hoke's service as North Carolina adjutant general is documented in 1861 items that include communications with North Carolina Governor John Ellis (especially in June) and receipts for weapons. He later served as colonel in the 13th and 23rd North Carolina regiments. Most of the Civil War material, however, concerns the Alexander family. Joseph Wilson Alexander, a United States Navy officer circa 1857-1861, and his brother, William Lee Alexander, both served in the Confederate military.

Folder 11

Correspondence, 1862-1863 #00345, Subseries: "1.2. Correspondence, 1840-1869." Folder 11

Letters recount Joseph Wilson Alexander's experiences as a prisoner of war in New England (13 September 1863, December 1863). See also file of undated 1861-1865.

Folder 12

Correspondence, 1864-1866 #00345, Subseries: "1.2. Correspondence, 1840-1869." Folder 12

Letters recount Joseph Wilson Alexander's experiences as a prisoner of war in New England (7 August 1864) and his return to active duty following a prisoner exchange (9 November 1864). See also file of undated 1861-1865.

As the war came to a close, C. W. Read tried to obtain a wagon from Joseph Wilson Alexander so that he and a group of Confederates could evade Sherman and make it to the Trans-Mississippi West (20 February 1865).

Folder 12a

Correspondence, 1861-1865 #00345, Subseries: "1.2. Correspondence, 1840-1869." Folder 12a

Some letters recount Joseph Wilson Alexander's experiences as a prisoner of war in New England.

Folder 12b

Notebook with records of the North Carolina State Troops, Company B, 1st Regiment Artillery, 1864-1865 (V-345/2) #00345, Subseries: "1.2. Correspondence, 1840-1869." Folder 12b

Notebook belonging to H. T. Guion. Includes lists of recruits, copies of orders, and notes on activities. The earliest entries in the notebook begin on page 16; pages 5-15, which cover July 1864-February 1865, are a continuation from the back of the notebook.

Folder 13

Correspondence, 1867-1869 #00345, Subseries: "1.2. Correspondence, 1840-1869." Folder 13

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 1.3. Correspondence, 1870-1925.

About 2500 items.

Topics include Reconstruction terrorism (23 January 1871; also see 17 October and 20 December 1870), the Ku Klux Klan (6 April 1872 and 18 June 1874), William Alexander Hoke's law practice, his campaign for judge (1890), his possible candidacy for the state Supreme Court and the United States Senate (1902), his election to the state's high court (1904), and his subsequent re-elections. During this period, A. G. Smith wrote to William Alexander Hoke from Alabama that "all our boys, nearly" had gone to Texas or Mexico to avoid "the d--n U.S. marshals" (14 April 1872). John Franklin Hoke's legal practice is also documented until his death in 1888. Correspondents not in William Alexander Hoke's immediate family include Charles Aycock, Victor C. Barringer, Locke Craig, Josephus Daniels, George Davis (Confederate attorney general), Robert F. Hoke, and Hoke Smith.

Other correspondence primarily relates to Hoke and Alexander family members. Many of the items are family letters to and from William Alexander Hoke, his wife, Mary McBee (Mamie) Hoke (d. 1920), and his two sisters, Sallie Badger Hoke (d. 1914) and Nancy Childs (Nannie) Hoke (d. 1893). Materials relating to Sallie Badger Hoke's trip to Europe and Egypt, 1888-1889, are also included. Much family correspondence comes from the period when Sallie Badger Hoke worked for a New Jersey judge, circa 1899-1913. Nancy Childs Hoke carried on a correspondence with Frances Christine Fisher Tiernan (January-April 1880), the novelist who wrote as Christian Reid, and with Florence and Zebulon Vance (20 October 1889, 7 and 17 June 1891, and 8 November 1892).

Laura Alexander's brief theatrical career in New York, which was cut short by her sudden death in 1874, is the subject of several letters in the early 1870s.

Folder 14

Correspondence, 1870-1871 #00345, Subseries: "1.3. Correspondence, 1870-1925." Folder 14

Includes letters regarding Reconstruction era abuse of individuals by "disloyal organizations" in Lincoln County, N.C. (23 January 1871; also see 17 October and 20 December 1870).

Folder 14a

Notebook, 1871 (V-345/3) #00345, Subseries: "1.3. Correspondence, 1870-1925." Folder 14a

Five-page notebook written in German and datelined "Nov. Dec. 2, 1871" in Catonsville, Md.

Folder 15

Correspondence, 1872-1873 #00345, Subseries: "1.3. Correspondence, 1870-1925." Folder 15

A letter dated 6 April 1872 discusses the activities of the Ku Klux Klan in North Carolina. During this period, A. G. Smith wrote to William Alexander Hoke from Alabama that "all our boys, nearly" had gone to Texas or Mexico to avoid "the d--n U.S. marshals" (14 April 1872).

Folder 16

Correspondence, 1874 #00345, Subseries: "1.3. Correspondence, 1870-1925." Folder 16

A letter dated 18 June 1874 discusses the activities of the Ku Klux Klan in North Carolina.

Folder 17

Correspondence, 1875 #00345, Subseries: "1.3. Correspondence, 1870-1925." Folder 17

Folder 18

Correspondence, 1876 #00345, Subseries: "1.3. Correspondence, 1870-1925." Folder 18

Folder 19

Correspondence, 1877 #00345, Subseries: "1.3. Correspondence, 1870-1925." Folder 19

Folder 20

Correspondence, 1878 #00345, Subseries: "1.3. Correspondence, 1870-1925." Folder 20

Folder 21

Correspondence, 1879 #00345, Subseries: "1.3. Correspondence, 1870-1925." Folder 21

Folder 21a

Notes on expenses, 1873-1879 (V-345/4) #00345, Subseries: "1.3. Correspondence, 1870-1925." Folder 21a

Folder 21b

Commodities with prices on 14 January and 24 April 1879 (V-345/5) #00345, Subseries: "1.3. Correspondence, 1870-1925." Folder 21b

Folder 22

Correspondence, 1870s undated #00345, Subseries: "1.3. Correspondence, 1870-1925." Folder 22

Folder 23-24

Folder 23

Folder 24

Correspondence, 1880 #00345, Subseries: "1.3. Correspondence, 1870-1925." Folder 23-24

Nancy Childs Hoke carried on a correspondence with Frances Christine Fisher Tiernan, the novelist who wrote as Christian Reid (e.g., January-April 1880).

Folder 25

Correspondence, 1881 #00345, Subseries: "1.3. Correspondence, 1870-1925." Folder 25

Folder 26-27

Folder 26

Folder 27

Correspondence, 1882 #00345, Subseries: "1.3. Correspondence, 1870-1925." Folder 26-27

Folder 28

Correspondence, 1883 #00345, Subseries: "1.3. Correspondence, 1870-1925." Folder 28

Folder 29

Correspondence, 1884 #00345, Subseries: "1.3. Correspondence, 1870-1925." Folder 29

Folder 30

Correspondence, 1885-1886 #00345, Subseries: "1.3. Correspondence, 1870-1925." Folder 30

Folder 31

Correspondence, 1887 #00345, Subseries: "1.3. Correspondence, 1870-1925." Folder 31

Folder 32-37

Folder 32

Folder 33

Folder 34

Folder 35

Folder 36

Folder 37

Correspondence, 1888 #00345, Subseries: "1.3. Correspondence, 1870-1925." Folder 32-37

Folder 38-40

Folder 38

Folder 39

Folder 40

Correspondence, 1889 #00345, Subseries: "1.3. Correspondence, 1870-1925." Folder 38-40

Nancy Childs Hoke carried on a correspondence with Florence and Zebulon Vance (20 October 1889).

Folder 40a

Notes on a speech about religion, 1889 (V-345/6) #00345, Subseries: "1.3. Correspondence, 1870-1925." Folder 40a

Apparently delivered by William Alexander Hoke while a member of the North Carolina legislature in 1889.

Folder 41

Correspondence, 1880s undated #00345, Subseries: "1.3. Correspondence, 1870-1925." Folder 41

Folder 42-43

Folder 42

Folder 43

Correspondence, 1890 #00345, Subseries: "1.3. Correspondence, 1870-1925." Folder 42-43

William Alexander Hoke's campaign for judge in 1890.

Folder 44

Correspondence, 1891-1892 #00345, Subseries: "1.3. Correspondence, 1870-1925." Folder 44

Nancy Childs Hoke carried on a correspondence with Florence and Zebulon Vance (7 and 17 June 1891, and 8 November 1892).

Folder 44a

"Narrative of the Battle of Cowan's Ford ... and Narrative of the Battle of Kings Mountain," 28 March 1891 (V-345/7) #00345, Subseries: "1.3. Correspondence, 1870-1925." Folder 44a

Copy of a pamphlet concerning two Revolutionary War battles. Zebulon Vance sent William Alexander Hoke this pamphlet.

Folder 45-48

Folder 45

Folder 46

Folder 47

Folder 48

Correspondence, 1893 #00345, Subseries: "1.3. Correspondence, 1870-1925." Folder 45-48

Folder 49

Correspondence, 1894-1896 #00345, Subseries: "1.3. Correspondence, 1870-1925." Folder 49

Folder 50-53

Folder 50

Folder 51

Folder 52

Folder 53

Correspondence, 1897 #00345, Subseries: "1.3. Correspondence, 1870-1925." Folder 50-53

Folder 54-58

Folder 54

Folder 55

Folder 56

Folder 57

Folder 58

Correspondence, 1898 #00345, Subseries: "1.3. Correspondence, 1870-1925." Folder 54-58

Folder 59-64

Folder 59

Folder 60

Folder 61

Folder 62

Folder 63

Folder 64

Correspondence, 1899 #00345, Subseries: "1.3. Correspondence, 1870-1925." Folder 59-64

Folder 65-69

Folder 65

Folder 66

Folder 67

Folder 68

Folder 69

Correspondence, 1900 #00345, Subseries: "1.3. Correspondence, 1870-1925." Folder 65-69

Folder 70-77

Folder 70

Folder 71

Folder 72

Folder 73

Folder 74

Folder 75

Folder 76

Folder 77

Correspondence, 1901 #00345, Subseries: "1.3. Correspondence, 1870-1925." Folder 70-77

Folder 78-84

Folder 78

Folder 79

Folder 80

Folder 81

Folder 82

Folder 83

Folder 84

Correspondence, 1902 #00345, Subseries: "1.3. Correspondence, 1870-1925." Folder 78-84

Topics include William Alexander Hoke's possible candidacy for the state Supreme Court and the United States Senate in 1902.

Folder 85-89

Folder 85

Folder 86

Folder 87

Folder 88

Folder 89

Correspondence, 1903 #00345, Subseries: "1.3. Correspondence, 1870-1925." Folder 85-89

Folder 90-99

Folder 90

Folder 91

Folder 92

Folder 93

Folder 94

Folder 95

Folder 96

Folder 97

Folder 98

Folder 99

Correspondence, 1904 #00345, Subseries: "1.3. Correspondence, 1870-1925." Folder 90-99

Topics include William Alexander Hoke's election to the North Carolina Supreme Court in 1904.

Folder 100-105

Folder 100

Folder 101

Folder 102

Folder 103

Folder 104

Folder 105

Correspondence, 1905 #00345, Subseries: "1.3. Correspondence, 1870-1925." Folder 100-105

Folder 106-108

Folder 106

Folder 107

Folder 108

Correspondence, 1906 #00345, Subseries: "1.3. Correspondence, 1870-1925." Folder 106-108

Folder 109-112

Folder 109

Folder 110

Folder 111

Folder 112

Correspondence, 1907 #00345, Subseries: "1.3. Correspondence, 1870-1925." Folder 109-112

Folder 113-116

Folder 113

Folder 114

Folder 115

Folder 116

Correspondence, 1908 #00345, Subseries: "1.3. Correspondence, 1870-1925." Folder 113-116

Folder 117-119

Folder 117

Folder 118

Folder 119

Correspondence, 1909 #00345, Subseries: "1.3. Correspondence, 1870-1925." Folder 117-119

Folder 120

Correspondence, 1900-1909 undated #00345, Subseries: "1.3. Correspondence, 1870-1925." Folder 120

Folder 121

Correspondence, 1910 #00345, Subseries: "1.3. Correspondence, 1870-1925." Folder 121

Folder 122-123

Folder 122

Folder 123

Correspondence, 1911 #00345, Subseries: "1.3. Correspondence, 1870-1925." Folder 122-123

Folder 124

Correspondence, 1912 #00345, Subseries: "1.3. Correspondence, 1870-1925." Folder 124

Folder 125

Correspondence, 1913 #00345, Subseries: "1.3. Correspondence, 1870-1925." Folder 125

Folder 126-132

Folder 126

Folder 127

Folder 128

Folder 129

Folder 130

Folder 131

Folder 132

Correspondence, 1914 #00345, Subseries: "1.3. Correspondence, 1870-1925." Folder 126-132

Folder 133

Correspondence, 1915-1919 #00345, Subseries: "1.3. Correspondence, 1870-1925." Folder 133

Folder 134

Correspondence, 1910s undated #00345, Subseries: "1.3. Correspondence, 1870-1925." Folder 134

Folder 135-144

Folder 135

Folder 136

Folder 137

Folder 138

Folder 139

Folder 140

Folder 141

Folder 142

Folder 143

Folder 144

Correspondence, 1920 #00345, Subseries: "1.3. Correspondence, 1870-1925." Folder 135-144

Folder 145

Correspondence, 1923-1924 #00345, Subseries: "1.3. Correspondence, 1870-1925." Folder 145

Folder 146-147

Folder 146

Folder 147

Correspondence, 1925 #00345, Subseries: "1.3. Correspondence, 1870-1925." Folder 146-147

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 1.4. Undated Correspondence and Related Materials, circa 1840-1915.

About 320 items.

Undated letters, arranged by correspondent. Most of the files are organized by recipient, though some are by the sender and are so designated.

Folder 148

Correspondence: Alexander, Elvira Catherine Wilson, undated #00345, Subseries: "1.4. Undated Correspondence and Related Materials, circa 1840-1915." Folder 148

Folder 149

Correspondence: Alexander, Elvira Catherine Wilson (sender), undated #00345, Subseries: "1.4. Undated Correspondence and Related Materials, circa 1840-1915." Folder 149

Folder 150

Correspondence: Alexander, Daisy, undated #00345, Subseries: "1.4. Undated Correspondence and Related Materials, circa 1840-1915." Folder 150

Folder 151

Correspondence: Alexander, Laura, undated #00345, Subseries: "1.4. Undated Correspondence and Related Materials, circa 1840-1915." Folder 151

Folder 152

Correspondence: Alexander, Laura (sender), undated #00345, Subseries: "1.4. Undated Correspondence and Related Materials, circa 1840-1915." Folder 152

Folder 153

Correspondence: Alexander, Joseph Wilson, undated #00345, Subseries: "1.4. Undated Correspondence and Related Materials, circa 1840-1915." Folder 153

Folder 154

Correspondence: Alexander, William Lee, undated #00345, Subseries: "1.4. Undated Correspondence and Related Materials, circa 1840-1915." Folder 154

Folder 155

Correspondence: Chase, Ellen, undated #00345, Subseries: "1.4. Undated Correspondence and Related Materials, circa 1840-1915." Folder 155

Folder 156

Correspondence: Hoke, Catherine Wilson Alexander (sender), undated #00345, Subseries: "1.4. Undated Correspondence and Related Materials, circa 1840-1915." Folder 156

Folder 157

Correspondence: Hoke, John Franklin, undated #00345, Subseries: "1.4. Undated Correspondence and Related Materials, circa 1840-1915." Folder 157

Folder 158

Correspondence: Hoke, John Franklin (sender), undated #00345, Subseries: "1.4. Undated Correspondence and Related Materials, circa 1840-1915." Folder 158

Folder 159

Correspondence: Hoke, Mary McBee, undated #00345, Subseries: "1.4. Undated Correspondence and Related Materials, circa 1840-1915." Folder 159

Folder 160

Correspondence: Hoke, Mary McBee (sender), undated #00345, Subseries: "1.4. Undated Correspondence and Related Materials, circa 1840-1915." Folder 160

Folder 161

Correspondence: Hoke, Nancy Childs, undated #00345, Subseries: "1.4. Undated Correspondence and Related Materials, circa 1840-1915." Folder 161

Folder 162

Correspondence: Hoke, Nancy Childs (sender), undated #00345, Subseries: "1.4. Undated Correspondence and Related Materials, circa 1840-1915." Folder 162

Folder 163-164

Folder 163

Folder 164

Correspondence: Hoke, Sallie Badger, undated #00345, Subseries: "1.4. Undated Correspondence and Related Materials, circa 1840-1915." Folder 163-164

Folder 165

Correspondence: Hoke, Sallie Badger (sender), undated #00345, Subseries: "1.4. Undated Correspondence and Related Materials, circa 1840-1915." Folder 165

Folder 166

Correspondence: Hoke, William Alexander, undated #00345, Subseries: "1.4. Undated Correspondence and Related Materials, circa 1840-1915." Folder 166

Folder 167

Correspondence: Hoke, William Alexander (sender), undated #00345, Subseries: "1.4. Undated Correspondence and Related Materials, circa 1840-1915." Folder 167

Folder 168

Correspondence: McBee, Mary Elizabeth Sumner, undated #00345, Subseries: "1.4. Undated Correspondence and Related Materials, circa 1840-1915." Folder 168

Folder 169

Correspondence: Tiernan, Frances Christine Fisher (sender), undated #00345, Subseries: "1.4. Undated Correspondence and Related Materials, circa 1840-1915." Folder 169

Folder 170

Correspondence: Wilson, Mary Josephine, undated #00345, Subseries: "1.4. Undated Correspondence and Related Materials, circa 1840-1915." Folder 170

Folder 171

Correspondence: Wilson, Mary Josephine (sender), undated #00345, Subseries: "1.4. Undated Correspondence and Related Materials, circa 1840-1915." Folder 171

Folder 172

Correspondence: Unknown recipient, undated #00345, Subseries: "1.4. Undated Correspondence and Related Materials, circa 1840-1915." Folder 172

Folder 173

Correspondence: Miscellaneous items, undated #00345, Subseries: "1.4. Undated Correspondence and Related Materials, circa 1840-1915." Folder 173

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 2. Financial and Legal Papers, 1802-1924.

About 750 items.

Arrangement: by type of material.

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 2.1. Bills of Sale for People Who Were Enslaved, Receipts, and Other Financial Papers, 1802-1915.

About 330 items.

Arrangement: chronological

Bills of sale for people who were enslaved (1820s-1850s), receipts, and other financial materials of William Alexander Hoke and other members of his family. There is also an agreement to traffic enslaved peoplel, then called "hiring out," for the first quarter of 1865; tax receipts for a few scattered years (1863, 1894, 1902); bank deposit slips (1899, 1900, 1904); and bills and receipts from various stores.

Folder 174

Financial papers, 1802, 1805 #00345, Subseries: "2.1. Bills of Sale for People Who Were Enslaved, Receipts, and Other Financial Papers, 1802-1915." Folder 174

Folder 175

Financial papers, 1823-1839 #00345, Subseries: "2.1. Bills of Sale for People Who Were Enslaved, Receipts, and Other Financial Papers, 1802-1915." Folder 175

Includes bills of sale for people who were enslaved.

Folder 176

Financial papers, 1840-1869 #00345, Subseries: "2.1. Bills of Sale for People Who Were Enslaved, Receipts, and Other Financial Papers, 1802-1915." Folder 176

Includes bills of sale and a human trafficking agreement, then called "hiring out," for people who were enslaved.

Folder 177

Financial papers, 1870-1875 #00345, Subseries: "2.1. Bills of Sale for People Who Were Enslaved, Receipts, and Other Financial Papers, 1802-1915." Folder 177

Folder 178

Financial papers, 1876-1879 #00345, Subseries: "2.1. Bills of Sale for People Who Were Enslaved, Receipts, and Other Financial Papers, 1802-1915." Folder 178

Folder 179

Financial papers, 1880-1889 #00345, Subseries: "2.1. Bills of Sale for People Who Were Enslaved, Receipts, and Other Financial Papers, 1802-1915." Folder 179

Folder 180

Financial papers, 1890-1899 #00345, Subseries: "2.1. Bills of Sale for People Who Were Enslaved, Receipts, and Other Financial Papers, 1802-1915." Folder 180

Folder 181

Financial papers, 1900-1904, 1915 #00345, Subseries: "2.1. Bills of Sale for People Who Were Enslaved, Receipts, and Other Financial Papers, 1802-1915." Folder 181

Folder 182

Financial papers, Undated #00345, Subseries: "2.1. Bills of Sale for People Who Were Enslaved, Receipts, and Other Financial Papers, 1802-1915." Folder 182

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 2.2. Legal Papers, 1802-1924.

About 250 items.

Arrangement: chronological

Notes, briefs, wills, subpoenas and other legal papers, most of which pertain to the legal career of John Franklin Hoke or, beginning in the 1870s, to that of William Alexander Hoke. Documents include John Franklin Hoke's bar admission signed by North Carolina Supreme Court members (16 June 1842), an affidavit of Mary Murphy Dickson in connection with a Revolutionary War pension (27 April 1846), and a copy of the will of Florence Vance (married to Zebulon Vance) (24 May 1891).

Oversize Paper Folder OPF-345/1

Indenture, 21 June 1766 #00345, Subseries: "2.2. Legal Papers, 1802-1924." OPF-345/1

Indenture, 12 January 1767 #00345, Subseries: "2.2. Legal Papers, 1802-1924." OPF-345/1

Folder 183

Legal papers, 1802-1808 #00345, Subseries: "2.2. Legal Papers, 1802-1924." Folder 183

Folder 184

Legal papers, 1827-1839 #00345, Subseries: "2.2. Legal Papers, 1802-1924." Folder 184

Folder 185

Legal papers, 1842-1859 #00345, Subseries: "2.2. Legal Papers, 1802-1924." Folder 185

Includes John Franklin Hoke's bar admission signed by North Carolina Supreme Court members (16 June 1842); an affidavit of Mary Murphy Dickson in connection with a Revolutionary War pension (27 April 1846).

Folder 186

Legal papers, 1860-1869 #00345, Subseries: "2.2. Legal Papers, 1802-1924." Folder 186

Folder 187

Legal papers, 1870-1874 #00345, Subseries: "2.2. Legal Papers, 1802-1924." Folder 187

Folder 188

Legal papers, 1875 #00345, Subseries: "2.2. Legal Papers, 1802-1924." Folder 188

Folder 189

Legal notebook, circa 1870s (V-345/8) #00345, Subseries: "2.2. Legal Papers, 1802-1924." Folder 189

Includes William Alexander Hoke's notes on the "County Court lectures of Chief Justice Pearson" (circa 1871) and information on business accounts and notes on judgments in various cases from Hoke's early law practice.

Folder 190

Legal papers, 1876-1879 #00345, Subseries: "2.2. Legal Papers, 1802-1924." Folder 190

Folder 191

Legal papers, 1880-1886 #00345, Subseries: "2.2. Legal Papers, 1802-1924." Folder 191

Folder 192

Legal papers, 1887-1889 #00345, Subseries: "2.2. Legal Papers, 1802-1924." Folder 192

Folder 193

Legal papers, 1890-1899 #00345, Subseries: "2.2. Legal Papers, 1802-1924." Folder 193

Includes a copy of the will of Florence Vance (married to Zebulon Vance) (24 May 1891).

Folder 194

Legal papers, 1901-1911 #00345, Subseries: "2.2. Legal Papers, 1802-1924." Folder 194

Folder 195

Legal briefs notebook, 1918-1921 (V-345/9) #00345, Subseries: "2.2. Legal Papers, 1802-1924." Folder 195

Hoke's brief notes on the judicial terms, Fall 1918-Spring 1921.

Folder 196

Legal briefs notebook, 1921-1924 (V-345/10) #00345, Subseries: "2.2. Legal Papers, 1802-1924." Folder 196

Hoke's brief notes on the judicial terms, Fall 1921-Fall 1924.

Folder 197

Legal papers, Undated #00345, Subseries: "2.2. Legal Papers, 1802-1924." Folder 197

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 2.3. Land Records, 1750-1911.

About 170 items.

Arrangement: chronological

Deeds, indentures, surveys, rent agreements, and other materials relating to landholdings and land transactions in North Carolina, mostly in Lincoln and surrounding counties. Included are an 1821 town plot of Lincolnton and an 1829 list of taxable property for John Hoke (presumably the father of John Franklin Hoke).

Folder 198

Land records, 1750-1778 #00345, Subseries: "2.3. Land Records, 1750-1911." Folder 198

Folder 199

Land records, 1781-1786 #00345, Subseries: "2.3. Land Records, 1750-1911." Folder 199

Oversize Paper Folder OPF-345/1

Land grant, 9 October 1783 #00345, Subseries: "2.3. Land Records, 1750-1911." OPF-345/1

Folder 200

Land records, 1790-1798 #00345, Subseries: "2.3. Land Records, 1750-1911." Folder 200

Folder 201

Land records, 1800-1809 #00345, Subseries: "2.3. Land Records, 1750-1911." Folder 201

Folder 202

Land records, 1811-1818 #00345, Subseries: "2.3. Land Records, 1750-1911." Folder 202

Folder 203

Land records, 1820-1839 #00345, Subseries: "2.3. Land Records, 1750-1911." Folder 203

Folder 204

Land records, 1840-1859 #00345, Subseries: "2.3. Land Records, 1750-1911." Folder 204

Folder 205

Land records, 1860-1869 #00345, Subseries: "2.3. Land Records, 1750-1911." Folder 205

Folder 206

Land records, 1872-1874 #00345, Subseries: "2.3. Land Records, 1750-1911." Folder 206

Folder 207

Land records, 1875-1887 #00345, Subseries: "2.3. Land Records, 1750-1911." Folder 207

Folder 208

Land records, 1888-1889 #00345, Subseries: "2.3. Land Records, 1750-1911." Folder 208

Folder 209

Land records, 1898-1911 #00345, Subseries: "2.3. Land Records, 1750-1911." Folder 209

Folder 210

Land records, Undated #00345, Subseries: "2.3. Land Records, 1750-1911." Folder 210

Also includes one small notebook with extremely brief notes on financial matters and legal cases, 1824-1830

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 3. Writings and Speeches, circa 1870-1920.

About 150 items.

Arrangement: by subject.

Speeches and writings of William Alexander Hoke and others on a variety of topics. Specific items of interest include notes on a lecture about the theories of Charles Darwin (folder 211), an eerie story set in Mexico after the United States victory there in the 1840s (folder 212), William Alexander Hoke's speech introducing William Howard Taft to a group in Raleigh sometime after Taft left the White House but before he assumed the chief justiceship, another Hoke speech introducing Franklin D. Roosevelt when he was assistant secretary of the Navy (folder 217), and Sallie Badger Hoke's arguments against women's suffrage (folder 222).

Folder 211

Agriculture and nature #00345, Series: "3. Writings and Speeches, circa 1870-1920." Folder 211

Includes notes on a lecture about the theories of Charles Darwin.

Folder 212

Art and literature #00345, Series: "3. Writings and Speeches, circa 1870-1920." Folder 212

Includes an eerie story set in Mexico after the United States victory there in the 1840s.

Folder 213

Civil War #00345, Series: "3. Writings and Speeches, circa 1870-1920." Folder 213

Folder 214

Colonial Dames #00345, Series: "3. Writings and Speeches, circa 1870-1920." Folder 214

Folder 215

Education #00345, Series: "3. Writings and Speeches, circa 1870-1920." Folder 215

Folder 216

History and philosophy #00345, Series: "3. Writings and Speeches, circa 1870-1920." Folder 216

Folder 217

Introductions of speakers by William Alexander Hoke #00345, Series: "3. Writings and Speeches, circa 1870-1920." Folder 217

Includes William Alexander Hoke's speech introducing William Howard Taft to a group in Raleigh sometime after Taft left the White House but before he assumed the chief justiceship, and another Hoke speech introducing Franklin D. Roosevelt when he was assistant secretary of the Navy.

Folder 218

Law and politics #00345, Series: "3. Writings and Speeches, circa 1870-1920." Folder 218

Folder 219

Memorial tributes by William Alexander Hoke #00345, Series: "3. Writings and Speeches, circa 1870-1920." Folder 219

Folder 220

Religion #00345, Series: "3. Writings and Speeches, circa 1870-1920." Folder 220

Folder 221

United Daughters of the Confederacy #00345, Series: "3. Writings and Speeches, circa 1870-1920." Folder 221

Folder 222

Women's suffrage #00345, Series: "3. Writings and Speeches, circa 1870-1920." Folder 222

Includes Sallie Badger Hoke's arguments against women's suffrage.

Folder 223

Miscellaneous speeches #00345, Series: "3. Writings and Speeches, circa 1870-1920." Folder 223

Folder 224

Miscellaneous writings #00345, Series: "3. Writings and Speeches, circa 1870-1920." Folder 224

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 4. Genealogical Materials, 1750-1911.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 5. Miscellaneous Volumes, circa 1753-1900.

About 75 items.

Volumes that are either undated or are dated but cover multiple topics over several years.

Folder 233

Notebook, circa 153-1754 (V-345/13) #00345, Series: "5. Miscellaneous Volumes, circa 1753-1900." Folder 233

42 pages. Small notebook written in German.

Folder 234

Home cures, recipes, and household hints, circa 1842-1851 (V-345/14) #00345, Series: "5. Miscellaneous Volumes, circa 1753-1900." Folder 234

72 pages. Arranged alphabetically, I-Y. For other recipes, see series 6.

Folder 235

Ledger for High Shoal Gold Mining Company and school notebook, 1848-1899 (V-345/15) #00345, Series: "5. Miscellaneous Volumes, circa 1753-1900." Folder 235

135 pages. Ledger used for a variety of purposes. Most of the ledger (pages 4-84 and pages 122-131) is devoted to the records of the High Shoal Gold Mining Company (circa 1848-1859). Also included are various school assignments, including math (pages 93 and 134-135), French (pages 85-92), Shakespeare (pages 94-114), and English history (pages 115-119).

Folder 236

Notebook,, circa 1861 (V-345/16) #00345, Series: "5. Miscellaneous Volumes, circa 1753-1900." Folder 236

29 pages. Notebook containing notes and essays on a variety of matters in no apparent order. Presumably it belonged to a member of the Alexander family. Topics include events of the American Revolution, the influence of abolitionists on a Miss Gould, and the secession movement.

Folder 237

Diary and notebook, circa 1862-1893 (V-345/17) #00345, Series: "5. Miscellaneous Volumes, circa 1753-1900." Folder 237

384 pages. Ledger book used for many purposes. Apparently it originally belonged to a crewman of the Fanny, a Union vessel captured by the Confederate steamer Raleigh on which Joseph Wilson Alexander served. In addition to the Union crewman's irregular entries of poetry and observations on the war, the book includes drafts of letters and speeches and other items. A significant part of the ledger is devoted to the diary of Nancy Childs Hoke, 4 March 1887-8 January 1893 (pages 215-277). Also apparently in Nancy Childs Hoke's hand are recollections of a conversation between "Cousin Rob" (Confederate General Robert F. Hoke) and her father (John F. Hoke) on 8 February 1885 about the last days of the American Civil War, the postwar political activities of General James Longstreet, the presidential pardon of General Robert F. Hoke, and related matters (pages 79-84).

Folder 238

Clippings and recipe scrapbook, circa 1860s-1890s (V-345/18) #00345, Series: "5. Miscellaneous Volumes, circa 1753-1900." Folder 238

159 pages. Scrapbook containing newspaper clippings and handwritten recipes. Many of the clippings date from the American Civil War though they are interspersed with ones from later. The clippings and recipes cover pages once used for recording financial information and practicing penmanship.

Oversize Volume SV-345/19

Scrapbook, 1891 #00345, Series: "5. Miscellaneous Volumes, circa 1753-1900." SV-345/19

8 pages. Scrapbook dated 13 March 1891 with newspaper clippings, some of which predate 1891 and most of which relate to politics.

Folder 240

"Register of the Colored Sunday School, St. Luke's Church, Lincolnton, N.C.," circa 1880-1900 (V-345/20) #00345, Series: "5. Miscellaneous Volumes, circa 1753-1900." Folder 240

54 pages.

Folder 241

Reminiscences about Julia, a nurse formerly enslaved by the Hoke family, circa 1890s (V-345/21) #00345, Series: "5. Miscellaneous Volumes, circa 1753-1900." Folder 241

23 pages. Apparently written by Sallie Badger Hoke. Also some lists of colonial officials (pages 17-20), and notes in shorthand (page 23).

Folder 242

Writings on law, philosophy, church history, and others topics, undated (V-345/22) #00345, Series: "5. Miscellaneous Volumes, circa 1753-1900." Folder 242

90 pages.

Folder 243

"From Bar-Room to Pulpit," undated (V-345/23) #00345, Series: "5. Miscellaneous Volumes, circa 1753-1900." Folder 243

29 pages. Printed speech on temperance in pamphlet form.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 6. Other Papers, 1863-1910.

About 65 items.
Folder 244

Clippings, 1863-1910 #00345, Series: "6. Other Papers, 1863-1910." Folder 244

Primarily from North Carolina newspapers, covering legal cases, politics, obituaries, weddings, history, poetry, a speech of United States Secretary of the Interior Hoke Smith (1894), and the electric rail system in Charlotte, N.C. (1910). Also included is one sheet from the Charlotte Daily Bulletin (20 March 1863).

Folder 245

Recipes for several dishes, undated #00345, Series: "6. Other Papers, 1863-1910." Folder 245

For other recipes, see Volume 14.

Folder 246

Business cards, 1870-1910 #00345, Series: "6. Other Papers, 1863-1910." Folder 246

Used by William Alexander Hoke, John Franklin Hoke, and others, as well as personal calling cards of Hoke family members and others.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 7. Photographs, 1890s-1920s.

About 20 items.
Image Folder PF-345/1-2

PF-345/1

PF-345/2

Photographs #00345, Series: "7. Photographs, 1890s-1920s." PF-345/1-2

Includes Albumen prints, tintypes, carte de visites: Bishop Guerry, of South Carolina, taken when chaplain at Sewanee; W.D. Newcome, D.T. Hoover, and M. Hoke in Bismark, N.D.; Herbert Sumner Hoke as an infant, taken by F.M. Winstead, Wilson, N.C., 15 August 1891. There is also a kodak picture of unidentified men, women and children.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Items Separated

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Processing Information

Processed by: Robert Tinkler, November 1994

Encoded by: Roslyn Holdzkom, October 2006

Conscious Editing Work by: Nancy Kaiser, September 2020. Updated abstract, subject headings, biographical note, scope and content notes, and container list.

Since August 2017, we have added ethnic and racial identities for individuals and families represented in collections. To determine identity, we rely on self-identification; other information supplied to the repository by collection creators or sources; public records, press accounts, and secondary sources; and contextual information in the collection materials. Omissions of ethnic and racial identities in finding aids created or updated after August 2017 are an indication of insufficient information to make an educated guess or an individual's preference for identity information to be excluded from description. When we have misidentified, please let us know at wilsonlibrary@unc.edu.

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