Collection Number: 00360

Collection Title: Hubard Family Papers, 1741-1907.

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the Duplication Policy section for more information.

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Size 18.5 feet of linear shelf space (approximately 19000 items)
Abstract The collection includes business and personal papers that concern several generations of the white Hubard family, their extended families, and the people they enslaved at various plantations and smaller farms in Virginia, Washington, D.C., North Carolina, Tennessee, and Florida, during the eighteenth- and nineteenth-centuries. Materials created and collected by the white family members include correspondence, diaries, lists of enslaved people, account books, plantation accounts, contracts with freedmen, notebooks, and physicians' daybooks. Papers document the labor of enslaved people, the cultivation of tobacco, cotton, and wheat, as well as other aspects of plantation life; the legal, political, and medical professions; slavery, emancipation, banking, and taxation as political issues; railroads; colleges, home schools, and teachers; churches; welfare organizations; agricultural societies; a woman writer and journalist; and political and social life in North Carolina and Virginia. Other topics include the French and Indian War, the American Revolutionary War, the Civil War, and offices and affairs of the Virginia militia. Families mentioned in the papers include Bolling, Eppes, Jefferson, Jones (Willie), Littlejohn, Mosely, Page, Randolph, Thurston, Thweatt, Wilcox, and Williamson. Plantations mentioned include Saratoga, Quitzni, Buffaloe, Rosny (Rosney), Chellow (Chellowe), Grove Farm, Wyche Farm, and Mill Brook (Millbrook).
Creator Hubard (Family : Hubard, Edmund W.)
Language English
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Restrictions to Access
No restrictions. Open for research.
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the Hubard Family Papers #360, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Alternate Form of Material
All or part of this collection is available on microfilm from University Publications of America as part of the Records of ante-bellum southern plantations from the Revolution through the Civil War, Series J, and as part of Southern women and their families in the 19th century, Series A.
Acquisitions Information
Purchased through W. L. Long and Walter Green, at an auction sale of the Hubard home, Saratoga, and household effects, Buckingham County, Va., August 1930.
Sensitive Materials Statement
Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, the North Carolina Public Records Act (N.C.G.S. § 132 1 et seq.), and Article 7 of the North Carolina State Personnel Act (Privacy of State Employee Personnel Records, N.C.G.S. § 126-22 et seq.). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill assumes no responsibility.
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The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.

Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Biographical Information

The bulk of these papers concern members of the Hubard family who, at one time or another, resided at Saratoga, a plantation in Buckingham County, Va. Letters to the Hubards were often addressed to them at Saratoga and nearby locations, such as Buckingham Court House, Curdsville, May Brook, Mill Brook (also Millbrook), and Ca Ira (also Caira), which was a milling and shipping point on the Willis River, a tributary of the James River. Hubard family members included Edmund Wilcox Hubard (1806-1878), Robert Thruston Hubard (1808-1871), and Louisiana Hubard (d. 1832?). Related Eppes family members resided in Halifax County, N.C. They owned at least two homesteads or plantations, referred to (with variations in spelling) as the Grove Farm and the Wyche Farm. The genealogical charts below give further information on Hubard family members and their relatives.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Scope and Content

This large collection of personal and business papers centers about several generations of the white Hubard family, their extended families, and the people they enslaved at various plantations and smaller farms in Virginia, Washington, D.C., North Carolina, Tennessee, and Florida, during the eighteenth- and nineteenth-centuries. Individuals of note include Edmund Wilcox Hubard (1806-1878) of Saratoga Plantation, Buckingham County, Va., planter, state legislator, militia officer, and member of Congress, 1841-1847, and his daughter Susan W. Hubard, a journalist and writer. Localities important in these papers are Albemarle, Amherst, Gloucester, Middlesex, Nelson, and other counties in Virginia, as well as Richmond and Washington, D.C.; Halifax County and other places in North Carolina; and various places in Tennessee and Florida.

Topics include the cultivation of tobacco, cotton and wheat, expenses and difficulties associated with the institution of slavery, as well as other aspects of plantation life. There is extensive documentation of enslaved people and freedmen, including lists of enslaved people, correspondence regarding the sale of enslaved people or their place within an estate settlement, and labor contracts with freedmen. There is also documentation relating to the political, legal, and medical professions. There are many references to social life in Virginia and North Carolina.

The few military papers relate the Revolutionary War, to the Civil War, and to offices and affairs of the Virginia militia.

Throughout the collection, there are references to politics, local, state, and national, many of the persons involved in the papers having either taken part in campaigns, conventions, elections or actually held office. There are also many papers dealing with money transactions: bills and receipts, personal notes, deeds and mortgages, land sales, wills, and settlements of estates and related lawsuits.

In addition to Hubard family papers, there are also scattered papers of a number of related families, including Bolling, Hubard, Jefferson, Jones, Littlejohn, Eppes, Moseley, Page, Randolph, Thruston, Thweatt, Wilcox, and Williamson. Plantations mentioned include Saratoga, Quitzni, Buffaloe, Rosny (Rosney), Chellow (Chellowe), Grove Farm, Wyche Farm, and Mill Brook (Millbrook).

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Contents list

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series Quick Links

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 1. Correspondence, Financial/Legal Material, and Other Loose Papers.

Undated materials have been grouped, as far as possible, by family member to which they relate.


The earliest of the papers deal with land transactions in Goochland and Albemarle Counties, Va., and the names appearing therein also appear occasionally in later family papers.

The first important family is that of John Wilcox, mariner, of Urbanna, Middlesex County, Va., who was captured by the French in 1756 and imprisoned at Bayonne Castle. Richard Eppes also appears in the early papers, as do William Hubard and John Thruston, both of Gloucester County, William East, Sr., of Charlotte County, and Robert Bolling, all of whom were progenitors or closely connected to members of the Hubard family.

Box 1

Folder 1-6

Folder 1

Folder 2

Folder 3

Folder 4

Folder 5

Folder 6

1741-1770 #00360, Series: "1741-1770." Box 1, Folder 1-6

Among the items in this period are:

1741-1755: Patents to Charles Lewis, William Cabell, and Charles Lavender, signed by James Blair and William Gooch; also money transactions between John Wilcox and Robert Rose.

1756-1760: Papers and letters dealing with the capture of John Wilcox, correspondence with his shippers, Sydenham & Hodgson, London, about his imprisonment, business affairs, release, and return to Virginia, where he died, 3 March 1760. His son, Edmund Wilcox, then took up the correspondence with the London firm, apparently arranging to have a ship that was brought over by his father returned to England, filled chiefly with tobacco. There are also papers about the estate of John Wilcox.

1765: The appointment of Edmund Wilcox, first mentioned as being of King and Queen County, Va., as clerk of the county of Amherst, followed, through some twenty years, with papers referring to his duties in that office, including accounts with William Loving and Zachariah Taliaferro, deputy and sheriff of Amherst County.

1765: Dated December, the will of John Thruston (d. 1766), of Gloucester County.

1766: The will of William East, Sr., of Charlotte County. Bills of medicines to Dr. Edmund Wilcox, followed, for a number of years, with letters, bills, and notes which referred to his practice of medicine.

1769: November and December, correspondence of Fielding Lewis with Edmund Wilcox, with reference to some sort of tobacco engine.

1770: 5 March, indenture of James Crawford, eight-year-old orphan, to a shoemaker, by the church wardens of Amherst. There is a paper, dated 24 April 1770, signed by Marianna Stampes, in which she agreed to bind herself in payment for ship passage from Scotland to Virginia; there is also a letter from her, dated October 1771, in which she asked for Edmund Wilcox's help in getting her freed; there is also another letter from her to him, undated, in which she asked to be taken into his household.

Other correspondents and persons mentioned in this period are: James Blair, Robert Bolling (1738-1775), Thomas Carter, Francis Christian, Richard Corbin, George Gilmer, William Loving, Thomas Nelson, Philip Rootes, and George Seaton.

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In this period there appear, in larger numbers, the papers of William Hubard (d. 1805), first at Gloucester County, where some members of his family remained, then at Charlotte County, Va. These papers include a number concerning business transactions with John Thruston, also at Gloucester County, whose daughter, Frances Thruston Hubard (1752-1781) married William Hubard in 1768. William Hubard served in the state militia, attaining the position of major (circa 1778).

Papers for this period also include, beginning 1778, accounts and other papers of Susannah Watson, who first married Robert Bolling, at Chellow (also spelled "Chellowe"), Buckingham County, Va., and, second, Edmund Wilcox.

There are also papers in this period relating to the Nelsons, Cabells, Thrustons, Bollings, Rootes, Braxtons, and Penns.

Box 1

Folder 7-10

Folder 7

Folder 8

Folder 9

Folder 10

1771-1773 #00360, Series: "1771-1784." Box 1, Folder 7-10

Box 2

Folder 11-20

Folder 11

Folder 12

Folder 13

Folder 14

Folder 15

Folder 16

Folder 17

Folder 18

Folder 19

Folder 20

1774-1784 #00360, Series: "1771-1784." Box 2, Folder 11-20

There are a few papers dealing with the Revolutionary War, military and miscellaneous affairs, among which are the following:

1776: The will, dated 22 March 1776, of Joseph Montford of Halifax, N.C. There is a letter, dated 6 April 1776, from William Cabell to Edmund Wilcox to the effect that he, Wilcox, had attended Colonel Corbin on board Lord Dunmore's ship, with permission of the Committee of Safety; also referring to ministerial troops at Boston and to General Washington.

1777: A certificate, dated August 1777, from William Cabell saying that Edmund Wilcox had taken the oath of allegiance, according to an act passed by the state of Virginia, for "free males above a certain age."

1778: A note, dated 26 June 1778, giving William Hubard's decision that he had "long since determined not to practice Physics again on any consideration."

1779: There are general orders, dated 8 January 1779, at headquarters, Purysburg (S.C.?), about a court martial; also directions for the officer of the day. Dated 10 February 1779, there is a paper from John Jordan, a second lieutenant in the 2nd Virginia Regiment, in which he stated that he had been wounded at Fredericksburg, Va., and asked for payment for Dr. Edmund Wilcox for curing his wound. There is a letter, dated 27 February 1779, from Edmund Wilcox to Zachariah Taliaferro, about a possible duel with Colonel Cabell; Wilcox asked Taliaferro to advise him, and to accompany him, if necessary. There are miscellaneous reports and soldier lists; mention of clothing boats in the James River; and procurement, on the quiet, of articles for Dr. Wilcox.

1780: There is a receipt, dated 24 August 1780, for furnishing a substitute soldier.

1781: There is an order, dated 27 August 1781, from Brigadier General Peter Muhlenberg, allowing Edmund Wilcox to move the people enslaved by Governor Nelson and his effects, and those of Wilcox's sister, Mrs. Rootes, without impressment of horses and wagons. There are also notes about recruiting soldiers and similar matters.

1782: There is a letter, dated 9 November 1782, from Thomas Nelson to Edmund Wilcox, about selling people enslaved by Nelson and to Colonel Rootes's family.

1784: There is the will, dated 27 April 1784, of James Hubard.

Separated Folder SEP-360/1

Thomas Jefferson, Governor of Virginia, 20 July 1780 #00360, Series: "1771-1784." SEP-360/1

Land grant to Edmund Wilcox for a 20-acre parcel in Amherst.

Restriction to Access: The original item is not available for immediate or same day access. Please contact staff at to discuss options.

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The last signature of Edmund Wilcox, found in these papers, was on a paper dated May 1785; shortly thereafter are papers dealing with his estate with Susannah Watson Bolling Wilcox as executrix. More Hubard papers are found in this period, particularly those of James Thruston Hubard, son of William Hubard, who married Susannah Wilcox, daughter of Edmund Wilcox and Susannah Watson Bolling Wilcox, circa 1805. (For more Edmund Wilcox papers, see undated subseries 1.14.1.)

James Thruston Hubard carried on correspondence about his plans for studying medicine and his life at the Pennsylvania Medical School at Philadelphia in 1796 and 1797, under doctors Benjamin Rush, James Woodhouse, Benjamin Barton Smith, and others. There are a number of papers dealing with his practice of medicine at Petersburg, Va., 1799-1806. After he had purchased a house in Richmond, James Thruston Hubard apparently returned to Buckingham County to practice medicine, living at Saratoga Plantation.

Box 2

Folder 21-23

Folder 21

Folder 22

Folder 23

1785-1795 #00360, Series: "1785-1807." Box 2, Folder 21-23

Among many other papers in this period are:

1787: The appointment, dated 28 June 1787 and signed by Beverly Randolph, of William Hubard as county lieutenant of Charlotte County; papers of estate of Samuel Pryor; papers dealing with Susannah Watson Bolling Wilcox's affairs and Edmund Wilcox's estate. Also around this time is a claim made by William Hubard against the executor of John Thruston's estate, at Gloucester County, Va., for property bequeathed to Hubard's wife, Frances Thruston Hubard, who had married William Hubard in 1768.

1790: There is the settlement of a 1784 account of Francis Davenport to William Hubard for "boarding and schooling" his daughters Margaret (Peggie) and Sallie, the latter afterwards married to William M. Burwell of Gloucester County. Later in this period there are letters from these sisters to their brother, James Thruston Hubard.

1790: There is a letter, dated 16 November 1790, from Edmund Ruffin at Coggin's Point, to Francis Eppes, at Bermuda Hundred, Va., about selling 20 enslaved people to take care of a debt.

1793: There is a letter, dated 16 January 1793, from Thomas Jefferson at Philadelphia to Francis Eppes, about prospects for foreign demand for wheat.

1799: James Thruston Hubard, practicing medicine in Petersburg, Va., wrote on 25 January 1799 to his father William Hubard about his life in Petersburg. There is also an appointment, dated August 1799, of Dr. Hubard as the health officer of his ward.

Box 3

Folder 24-29

Folder 24

Folder 25

Folder 26

Folder 27

Folder 28

Folder 29

1796-1807 #00360, Series: "1785-1807." Box 3, Folder 24-29

Among many other papers in this period are:

1799: James Thruston Hubard, practicing medicine in Petersburg, Va., wrote on 25 January 1799 to his father William Hubard about his life in Petersburg. There is also an appointment, dated August 1799, of Dr. Hubard as the health officer of his ward.

1800: There is a table of charges, dated 29 April 1800, adopted by physicians at Petersburg.

1801: There is the will of John Hurt, dated 25 September 1801. There is a printed Christmas poem, dated 25 December 1801, sent as greeting from the newsboys of the Petersburg Intelligencer.

1805: There is the marriage settlement of Susannah Wilcox and James Thruston Hubard, with Susannah Watson Bolling Wilcox and trustees Thomas West and Samuel Allen. Following this, there are papers dealing with the settlement of Edmund Wilcox's estate. There is also correspondence between James Thruston Hubard, Susannah Watson Bolling Wilcox, and Lenaeus Bolling of Whispering. Dr. Hubard had instituted a suit to take over his wife's inheritance. There was mention, about this time, a John Miller, apparently living at Chellow, whom some members of the younger generation referred to as "Uncle."

Separated Folder SEP-360/2

Letter, 16 January 1793, from Thomas Jefferson at Philadelphia to Francis Eppes, about prospects for foreign demand for wheat #00360, Series: "1785-1807." SEP-360/2

Restriction to Access: The original item is not available for immediate or same day access. Please contact staff at to discuss options.

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Dr. James Thruston Hubard figures prominently in the papers of this period, there being bills, duns, personal letters, material concerning his farm affairs and practice of medicine, and a number of items dealing with the law suit against his mother-in-law Susannah Watson Bolling Wilcox about his wife's inheritance, which suit, apparently, was finally decided against him. There are several letters to him from his sister Margaret Hubard, who also wrote to his wife Susannah Wilcox Hubard. James Thruston Hubard died in 1812, and there are papers relating to the settlement of his estate and his family. Susannah Watson Bolling Wilcox also died about 1812.

After the death of Dr. Hubard, the papers show that his family, owing to his debts and the failure of his wife to inherit, were in dire straights and in danger of being put out of their home. There was much correspondence between Susannah Wilcox Hubard and her half brother, Lenaeus Bolling, showing his efforts to help her. As things turned out, she apparently was able to continue living at Saratoga and to send her children to school.

Papers relating to the Eppes family include those about the settlement of the estate of Francis Eppes of Eppington, whose son, John Wayles Eppes (1773-1823), U.S. representative and senator, married first, Maria Jefferson, daughter of Thomas Jefferson, and, second, Martha Burke Jones, daughter of Willie Jones, of Halifax County, N.C. John Wayles Eppes and his family lived at Mill Brook, Buckingham County, Va. There are also letters written by the wife and daughters of Francis Eppes, Louisa Eppes Thweatt, Sally Eppes Lane, Lucy Eppes Thweatt, Matilda Eppes Field Spooner, and of Jerman Baker, who married another daughter, Martha Bolling Eppes Baker. Richard Thweatt eventually purchased Eppington.

There are papers referring to Caira Mills, a grist mill. Caira (or Ca Ira) apparently was a shipping point used by the Hubard family.

Box 3

Folder 30-32

Folder 30

Folder 31

Folder 32

1808-1810 #00360, Series: "1808-1817." Box 3, Folder 30-32

Box 4

Folder 33-38

Folder 33

Folder 34

Folder 35

Folder 36

Folder 37

Folder 38

1811-1817 #00360, Series: "1808-1817." Box 4, Folder 33-38

Among other papers of the period are:

1811: There is a letter, dated 6 September 1811, from Thomas Jefferson at Monticello, to his grandson, Francis Eppes, at Mill Brook, Va. There is a personal note, dated 31 December 1811, from Margaret Hubard to her brother, James Thruston Hubard, about a fire in a Richmond theatre.

1812: There are accounts in settlement of the estates of James Thruston Hubard and Sussanah Watson Bolling Wilcox. There are letters from Lenaeus Bolling to his sister Susannah Wilcox Hubard, in which he tried to help with her financial difficulties.

1813: There are letters to Susannah Wilcox Hubard, from Nathan Wells, apparently the overseer, about farm affairs. He mentioned having hemp spun and woven, and bills for weaving. There are additional papers concerning James Thruston Hubard's estate.

1815: There are letters, dated 21 March 1815, to Susannah Wilcox Hubard, one from her niece Mary and another from Pocahontas Bolling Cabell at Mt. Athos, mentioning her brother's being called to the army, a Methodist conference, her father, and home in Kentucky. There is another letter, dated 9 October 1815, in which Pocahontas described her journey home from Saratoga, rats attacking her in a tavern, stage horses attempting a runaway, and family news. In a letter, dated 23 December 1815, Pocahontas at Lynchburg, Va., described that place and some of the women there. She also mentioned a visit by General Andrew Jackson, accompanied by Thomas Jefferson.

1816: There is a letter, dated 28 July 1816, from Francis Eppes at New London, Va., apparently at school, to his stepmother, Martha Burke Jones Eppes, at Mill Brook, Va., about personal and family matters.

1817: There are licenses, dated September and October 1817, to William Acres, Buckingham County, to operate a still.

Separated Folder SEP-360/3

Letter, 6 September 1811, from Thomas Jefferson at Monticello to his grandson Francis Eppes #00360, Series: "1808-1817." SEP-360/3

Restriction to Access: The original item is not available for immediate or same day access. Please contact staff at to discuss options.

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Around 1818, Susan Wilcox Hubard married John W. Maury, and, by means of an indenture dated 29 October, placed property in the hands of Lenaeus Bolling and William M. Thornton, to be handled for the benefit of her three children, Edmund Wilcox Hubard, Robert Thruston Hubard, and Louisiana Hubard. There are a number of letters and other papers concerning this transaction and management of the trust, including those from Charles C. Patteson, "agent for the trustees for James Thruston Hubard's children." The property in question apparently consisted of the Saratoga and Buffaloe plantations, land in Nelson County, Va., and a number of enslaved people and property. From 1824 to 1826, Edmund Wilcox Hubard, away at college, and his brother, Robert Thruston Hubard, at home at Saratoga, had correspondence about the debts of their step-father, John W. Maury, apparently then living in Nelson County, his wife being back at home at Saratoga. Also, dated 1826, there are letters and papers about the question of the rights of Maury and his family to property involved in the marriage settlement. There are also papers of Charles C. Patteson showing dealings with John W. Maury about the latter's debts, and about land.

There are also many letters between members of the Eppes family, the sisters and their husbands, and Martha Burke Jones Eppes, wife of John Wayles Eppes (d. 1823). These letters refer to personal and family affairs, settlement of the estates of their parents, and related matters. Archibald Thweatt purchased Eppington, the home of Francis Eppes in Chesterfield County, Va. In one letter, he also referred to holding Bermuda Hundred, Va.

Edmund Wilcox Hubard began attendance at Hampden-Sydney College in 1824; in 1825, he entered the University of Virginia. There are a number of letters, chiefly to his brother Robert Thruston Hubard, describing both places in detail. There are also letters to the brothers from their sister Louisiana Hubard, but very few from their mother, Susannah Wilcox Hubard Maury, although she is often referred to in her children's letters.

Philip Bolling, son of Lenaeus Bolling, attended Hampden-Sydney College and the University of Virginia with Edmund Wilcox Hubard, and he figured prominently in the correspondence connected with those colleges.

There is some correspondence from the Grove, Halifax County, N.C., with Martha Burke Jones Eppes, about the enslaved people there, mentioning the other enslavers, and some letters, 1826, about the death of her mother, Mary Montford Jones. There is also a good deal of correspondence between Archibald Thweatt and Jerman Baker, husbands of two of the Eppes sisters, about property belonging to the sisters. The affairs were apparently settled out of court, but there is correspondence about the involvement of Martha Burke Jones Eppes in a settlement.

In this period, there are letters, chiefly to Martha Burke Jones Eppes from John C. Page, evidently a close family friend, about the management of her affairs, including a discussion of financial arrangements between them, and his doubts about being able to continue in such service. There was evidently close contact between the two families, and, in 1824, Page wrote Susannah Wilcox Hubard Maury, asking for payment of her share in a teacher apparently employed jointly for the Hubard and Eppes (and perhaps other) children.

In 1827, Robert Thruston Hubard went off to attend Hampden-Sydney College, referring to the "new college," and wrote letters home to his mother, and to his brother, Edmund Wilcox Hubard, apparently at that time a captain in the state militia. Willie J. Eppes, son of John Wayles Eppes and Martha Burke Jones Eppes, attended college with Robert Thruston Hubard and is often mentioned in the latter's letters.

Box 4

Folder 39-41

Folder 39

Folder 40

Folder 41

1818-June 1825 #00360, Series: "1818-1827." Box 4, Folder 39-41

Among other papers in this period are:

1823: The will of John Wayles Eppes, proved 13 October 1823, designating Martha Burke Jones Eppes executrix.

1824: A letter, dated 13 December 1824, from Robert Thruston Hubard to his brother, Edmund Wilcox Hubard, at Hampden-Sydney, telling of death of "Aunt [Mary Markham] Bolling."

Box 5

Folder 42-46

Folder 42

Folder 43

Folder 44

Folder 45

Folder 46

July 1825-1827 #00360, Series: "1818-1827." Box 5, Folder 42-46

Among other papers in this period are:

1825: There is a letter, dated 4 August 1825, from Louisiana Hubard at Saratoga, to her brother, Edmund Wilcox Hubard, at the University of Virginia, in which she mentioned neighborhood news, including plans for a large Methodist camp meeting, and the fact that M. Eppes would be there. There is a letter, dated 11 August 1825, that Joseph B. Littlejohn, husband of Ann Maria Jones Littlejohn, at Rocky Mount, N.C., wrote to his sister-in-law, Martha Burke Jones Eppes at Mill Brook, about the death of her mother. In a letter, dated 19 August 1825, Robert Thruston Hubard described Salt and Sweet Springs, Va.

1826: There is a letter, dated 14 May 1826, from H. G. Montfort, at the Grove, Halifax County, N.C., to Martha Burke Jones Eppes, with an enclosed valuation of enslaved people in North Carolina, divided in lots among the following persons: Willie W. Jones, Hutchins G. Burton, Joseph B. Littlejohn, Robert A. Jones, and Martha Burke Jones Eppes. Letters from Edmund Wilcox Hubard, at the University of Virginia, describe life there; he mentioned building construction at the University, a circus attended by Thomas Jefferson "with enjoyment," and Hubard's proposed visit to a cave about 30 miles away.

1827: There are letters from Robert Thruston Hubard, at Hampden-Sydney College, then rooming with Willie J. Eppes, in which he gave details of the life there. He mentioned his brother Edmund Wilcox Hubard being a captain in the militia. In a letter dated 10 December 1827, M. B. Robertson, a cousin of Susannah Wilcox Hubard Maury, at Richmond, wrote about schools there for Louisiana Hubard.

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Louisiana Hubard went to Richmond in 1828 to attend school, and there are a number of letters that were exchanged between her and her brothers, Edmund Wilcox Hubard at Saratoga, where he assumed, as agent, the management of his mother's, Susan Wilcox Hubard Maury's affairs, and Robert Thruston Hubard, at Hampden-Sydney College, later at the University of Virginia, from which he wrote detailed letters about the colleges and their students. In a letter, dated 15 March 1828, he wrote of an injury received by Professor Cushing at Hampden-Sydney, while demonstrating the workings of a battery. Louisiana Hubard apparently boarded in Richmond with the family of G. Baker, leaving there after Baker's suicide in April 1828.

There are a number of letters to and from the young Hubards and their friends, during this period, that are filled with neighborhood news and gossip from various places, including accounts of parties and love affairs. The May and Moseley families, among many others, are mentioned.

Susan Wilcox Hubard Maury died around 31 October 1829, and there follow letters and papers about the settlement of her estate. Concern for Louisiana (Lou) Hubard is evidenced in the letters of her brothers, following their mother's death. In October 1832, Edmund Wilcox Hubard took her to Sweet Springs, Va., where Robert Thruston Hubard joined them after Lou became very ill. After a short time, she died and was buried there. There are letters of condolences, among them one from Martha Burke Jones Eppes.

During this period there was correspondence between Martha Burke Jones Eppes and Samuel Branch, an attorney, about her business affairs; and more correspondence with John C. Page, who, though he wanted to give up management of Martha Burke Jones Eppes's affairs because of his ill health, apparently did not do so.

Box 5

Folder 47-51

Folder 47

Folder 48

Folder 49

Folder 50

Folder 51

1828-April 1830 #00360, Series: "1828-1833." Box 5, Folder 47-51

Among other papers in this period are:

1828: In several letters dated 1828, Robert Thruston Hubard, while at the University of Virginia, wrote in detail of studies, social life, and manners and dress of the students and professors. He mentioned among the visitors James Madison and James Monroe.

Box 6

Folder 52-61

Folder 52

Folder 53

Folder 54

Folder 55

Folder 56

Folder 57

Folder 58

Folder 59

Folder 60

Folder 61

May 1830-July 1833 #00360, Series: "1828-1833." Box 6, Folder 52-61

Among other papers in this period are:

1830: There is a letter, dated 14 October 1830, to Willie J. Eppes, from Thomas Johnson at the University of Virginia, about Eppes's high grades in anatomy and mentioning Eppes's going on for further study at Philadelphia. There are several letters from other persons addressed to the Hubards, offering to buy or sell an enslaved person, in order that married couples would not be separated.

1831: There is a letter, dated 16 January 1831, from R. A. Burton at West Point, N.Y., to his uncle Robert A. Jones at Halifax, N.C., telling of his cadet's life at the U.S. Military Academy.

1832: In a letter, dated February 1832, J. T. Brown at Richmond wrote to Robert Thruston Hubard, chiefly about emancipation. Phillip Bolling, at Richmond (apparently in legislature) wrote to Robert Thruston Hubard about social affairs, bills in the legislature, including one for sending free blacks out of the country. There is a letter, dated 29 February 1832, from Edmund Wilcox Hubard, apparently at Richmond, to Robert Thruston Hubard, chiefly about the Jackson-Van Buren-Barbour presidential campaign. In a letter, dated 4 March 1832, J. W. Flood at Buckingham County gave his views on slavery and other issues. In a letter, dated 15 May 1832, Robert Thruston Hubard wrote to Edmund Wilcox Hubard at Washington, D.C., advising him of Edmund's appointment to the Baltimore convention, and making comments on the presidential campaign.

1832-33: There is correspondence about Edmund Wilcox Hubard's failed campaign to be made brigadier general in the Virginia militia.

1833: In a letter to Edmund Wilcox Hubard, dated 24 May 1833, Philip A. Bolling in Philadelphia, at the deathbed of John Randolph, described the scene and stated his determination to try to win Randolph's place in Congress. There are miscellaneous letters about Richmond society and politics. There are letters to Robert Thruston Hubard from Edmund Wilcox Hubard at Richmond, telling of his courtship of and refusal by Elizabeth Cabell.

Box 7

Folder 62-63

Folder 62

Folder 63

August 1833-December 1833 #00360, Series: "1828-1833." Box 7, Folder 62-63

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Willie J. Eppes of Mill Brook, was married in 1835, to Ann Cox of Edenton, N.C., according to letters to her, 9 February 1835, from a friend in Petersburg; and one, 8 August, from M. L. M., Edenton, the latter letter giving much news of that town and its residents.

Letters also intimate that Robert Thruston Hubard married sometime before 1836, Susan Bolling, daughter of Lenaeus Bolling and sister of Philip A. Bolling, and lived at Rosny. He practiced law at Farmville and surrounding country, leaving Edmund Wilcox Hubard alone at Saratoga. In 1838, Robert Thruston Hubard went to Richmond, as member of the Virginia House of Representatives.

There are papers during this period concerning moving St. Peter's Episcopal Church to Curdsville, Va., near Saratoga; a good deal of material about this church follows through the years, the Hubard family taking an active part in its affairs.

In 1839 letters, there is mention of Edmund Wilcox Hubard running for Congress, followed by a great deal of correspondence concerning his successful campaign. He served in Congress from 4 March 1841 to 3 March 1847. (For more Edmund Wilcox Hubard papers, see undated subseries 1.14.2.) In 1841 letters, there is mention of his attentions to Sarah A. Eppes, daughter of John Wayles and Martha Burke Jones Eppes of Mill Brook, whose other daughter, Mary Eppes Bolling, had married Edmund Hubard's cousin, Philip A. Bolling.

Prior to this time, the Hubards had dealings with Rives & Harris, factors of Richmond. A letter from Anthony Thornton telling of his partnership in the firm of Carrington, Gibson & Thornton, apparently made them decide to change over to this firm. Later, in 1847, Edmund Wilcox Hubard dealt with Deane & Brown.

A large number of letters were sent to Edmund Wilcox Hubard in Congress from constituents, friends, relatives, asking favors, and addressing such issues as the proposed National Bank and the question of slavery.

There are a number of letters from Robert Thruston Hubard at Rosny, to his brother, Edmund Wilcox Hubard in Congress, about crops, home, family, and neighborhood news, and politics. In 1841-1842, there was apparently a pressure for money, and there was a great deal written about efforts to collect debts and fear of bankruptcy, particularly in the case of Philip A. Bolling, whose financial situation seemed to grow steadily worse. The possibility of the old family place Chellow being sold was discussed at length, and it was finally bought by Robert Thruston Hubard around 23 August 1842.

J. W. Flood continued to write long letters, chiefly about politics, to Edmund Wilcox Hubard, and there are a number of letters to him from Thomas Ritchie of the Richmond Enquirer and from a number of his fellow Congressmen.

Box 7

Folder 64-73

Folder 64

Folder 65

Folder 66

Folder 67

Folder 68

Folder 69

Folder 70

Folder 71

Folder 72

Folder 73

1834-1838 #00360, Series: "1834-1842." Box 7, Folder 64-73

Among other papers in this period are:

1834: A letter dated 13 February 1834, to Robert Thruston Hubard, from Thomas M. Bondurant about the death of Thomas T. Bouldin (1781-1834) in the Hall of Congress.

1835: There is a letter, dated 15 August 1835, to Edmund Wilcox Hubard, apparently from Philip A. Bolling, describing White Sulphur Springs, Va.

1836: There is a letter, dated 14 March 1836, from Edmund Ruffin to Edmund Wilcox Hubard(?) about a sale of books.

1837: In a letter, dated 24 February, to Edmund Wilcox Hubard, Philip A. Bolling at Tallahassee, Fla., described social conditions, cotton, tobacco, cigars, and enslaved people.

1838: In a letter, dated 6 February 1838, to Martha Burke Jones Eppes, Ben McCulloch of Nashville, Tenn., mentioned her property in Tennessee and said that the place had great opportunities for education and religion. In a letter, dated 27 June 1838, Anthony Thornton at Richmond, described President Martin Van Buren and his party at an entertainment. In a letter, dated 5 August 1838, Robert Thruston Hubard, at White Sulphur Springs, also described Van Buren and his party there, his carriages, etc. There are papers dealing with business affairs of the Eppes family, Martha Burke Jones Eppes and the Thweatts, and the Jones and Burton families.

Box 8

Folder 74-83

Folder 74

Folder 75

Folder 76

Folder 77

Folder 78

Folder 79

Folder 80

Folder 81

Folder 82

Folder 83

1839-1841 #00360, Series: "1834-1842." Box 8, Folder 74-83

Digitized materials in Folder 77 range in date from May 1840 to September 1840. Among other papers in this period are:

1839: In a letter to Edmund Wilcox Hubard, dated 15 July 1839, Anthony Thornton at Richmond wrote about his approaching marriage. In a letter, dated 2 September 1839, to Edmund Wilcox Hubard, from F. L. Swann(?) at Brandon, Miss., Swann mentioned being employed by the Bank of Mississippi, the Alabama Rail Road Co., his enthusiasm about Mississippi, its physical advantages, business opportunities, and other delights.

1840: In a letter, dated 31 July 1840, Joel R. Poinsett, secretary of war, at Washington, D.C., wrote in answer to criticism of the War Department and its conduct of the Second Seminole War.

1841: There is a letter, dated 16 January 1841, to Edmund Wilcox Hubard, from Archibald Gibbs, asking him, as one of the overseers of the poor, about binding out an orphan boy. There are letters about President Tyler's veto of the National Bank bill and other political matters.

Among other persons corresponding with Edmund Wilcox Hubard were: Linn Banks (1784-1842), congressman, 2 January 1841. Walter Coles (1790-1857), congressman, 11 January 1841; 17 May 1840. Joel R. Poinsett (1779-1851), congressman, secretary of war, 31 July 1840. William H. Roane (1787-1845), congressman and senator, 11 January 1841.

Box 9

Folder 84-94

Folder 84

Folder 85

Folder 86

Folder 87

Folder 88

Folder 89

Folder 90

Folder 91

Folder 92

Folder 93

Folder 94

1842 #00360, Series: "1834-1842." Box 9, Folder 84-94

Among other papers in this period are:

1842: There is a letter, dated 14 June 1842, about temperance meetings. There are letters, dated 11 August and 16 September 1842, to Edmund Wilcox Hubard, from William P. Duval, member of Congresss and governor of Florida, about his voyage to Florida, St. Augustine, affairs in Washington and Florida; his personal claim against the government, personal affairs and his family, and expressing his desire to buy land and move to Kentucky.

Among other persons corresponding with Edmund Wilcox Hubard were: Thomas Walker Gilmer (1802-1844), governor of Virginia, congressman, secretary of the Navy, 10 December 1842. John Thomson Macon (1815-1873), congressman, 21 November 1842.

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Joseph B. Littlejohn, brother-in-law to Martha Burke Jones Eppes, moved to Tennessee, and, about this time, there appears the beginning of a prolonged correspondence between the families there and in Virginia. Littlejohn's son-in-law, Lewis Williamson, corresponded with descendants of Mrs. Eppes. There was also correspondence with Mrs. Eppes about her property in North Carolina, particularly the plantation Quitzni, situated in Bertie County, and apparently handled for her, with other property in North Carolina by her brother-in-law, Andrew Joyner.

In late November or early December 1846, Edmund Wilcox Hubard married Sarah A. Eppes, daughter of John Wayles and Martha Burke Jones Eppes of Mill Brook, and, in 1847, Hubard apparently was retired from public life and was living again at Saratoga.

Susan Bolling Hubard, wife of Robert Thruston Hubard, died in October or November 1849, after which time Robert Thruston Hubard wrote letters to his brother Edmund Wilcox Hubard about his loneliness. He spoke of several older women who served as housekeepers and helped with his children. The health of Robert Thruston Hubard, according to his letters, was increasingly poor.

Beginning around 1852, Edmund Wilcox Hubard received letters from sons of Robert Thruston Hubard, his nephews, James Lenaeus Hubard and Robert Thruston Hubard, Jr., at the Virginia Military Institute, later farming at different places, or attending the University of Virginia.

In 1853, Robert Thruston Hubard moved to Chellow, the family home, bought some years previous from Philip A. Bolling. Robert Thruston Hubard apparently purchased also Whispering, the home of his uncle, Lenaeus Bolling, who was his father-in-law as well, and, at one time, mentioned keeping Rosny, where he had lived when first married, as it had belonged to his wife, Susan Bolling Hubard.

In 1853, there is mention of Edmund Wilcox Hubard's being made president of the Farmville and Buckingham Plank Company, and there follows much correspondence about stock, construction, tolls, maintenance, and similar matters.

During this period, the two Hubard families, as well as many others, often visited various springs in Virginia, including Alleghany, Red Sulphur, White, and Salt Springs; they also wrote in detail about them in many of their letters.

Other correspondents not mentioned in the box list below include Augustus A. Chapman (1803-1876), congressman.

Box 9

Folder 95

January 1843-March 1843 #00360, Series: "1843-1853." Box 9, Folder 95

Among many other letters and papers in this period are:

1843: A letter, dated 1 January 1843, from Robert Thruston Hubard, at Richmond, to Edmund Wilcox Hubard, concerning a congressional district. (For more Edmund Wilcox Hubard papers, see undated subseries 1.14.2.) There is a letter, dated 23 January 1843, from Joseph B. Littlejohn at Fayette County, Tenn., to Martha Burke Jones Eppes, in which he mentioned his second marriage, to Ann M. Sneed, widow of Stephen K. Sneed, his children's marriages, and other family news.

Box 10

Folder 96-107

Folder 96

Folder 97

Folder 98

Folder 99

Folder 100

Folder 101

Folder 102

Folder 103

Folder 104

Folder 105

Folder 106

Folder 107

April 1843-April 1846 #00360, Series: "1843-1853." Box 10, Folder 96-107

Among many other letters and papers in this period are:

There is a letter, dated 4 June 1843, to Edmund Wilcox Hubard, from John R. Edmunds at Halifax Court House, Va., concerning solicitation of aid for the Lynchburg Republican, and B. M. DeWitt, editor, for political reasons.

1844: There is a copy of a letter apparently from Edmund Wilcox Hubard, to E. Smith & Co., commission merchants at New Orleans, about investing in Texas bonds.

1844: There is a letter, dated 24 July 1844, to Martha Burke Jones Eppes, from Joseph B. Littlejohn, in Tennessee, telling of family affairs, hard financial times, and the necessity of selling the people enslaved by the family. He mentioned James C. Johnston, of Edenton, N.C., being expected there soon to "renew his acquaintance with Mrs. Govan." In a letter to Edmund Wilcox Hubard from James A. Seddon at Richmond, dated 6 October 1844, Seddon invited him to attend a political meeting. There is a letter, dated 30 November 1844, from Bennett M. DeWitt, about the election of James K. Polk as president. There is a fragment of a letter from Robert Thruston Hubard to Edmund Wilcox Hubard concerning the annexation of Texas and abolitionists.

1845: In a letter dated 16 January 1845, Thomas Jefferson Randolph wrote to Edmund Wilcox Hubard about his collections of papers of distinguished men of the Revolutionary War, specifically a large collection of Jefferson papers that he wanted to sell, as he had to pay off some of Jefferson's debts. There is a letter, dated 24 May 1845, from Isaac Edward Morse (1809-1866), congressional representative from Louisiana, at St. Martinville, La., to Edmund Wilcox Hubard, about persons in the political spotlight at Washington and affairs there. There is a letter, dated 15 December 1845, from William H. Stiles (1808-1865), charge d'affairs of the Legation of the U.S. and congressional representative from Georgia, at Vienna, Austria, to Edmund Wilcox Hubard about efforts to restore the mission to the court of Vienna.

Among other correspondents: William P. Duvall (1784-1854), congressman and governor of the territory Florida, from St. Augustine, 27 May 1843. Bennett M. DeWitt, Lynchburg, about the election of James K. Polk, 30 November 1844. Thomas Walker Gilmer (1802-1844), congressman and secretary of the Navy, about a dinner, given in Gilmer's honor at Amherst Court House, Va., 1 August 1843. William McKendree Gwin (1805-1885), congressman and senator, at Vicksburg, Miss., concerning Hubard's reelection to Congress, 23 June 1843. George W. Hopkins (1804-1861), congressman, written from Abingdon, Va., concerning politics and about certificate of election to Congress, 9 and 14 May 1843; also 26 May, asking Edmund Wilcox Hubard to his wedding on 30 May 1843. Thomas Ritchie, Richmond, 7 May 1844. John Canfield Spencer (1788-1855), congressman and secretary of the Treasury, about tariff and customs collections, 6 April 1844. Abel P. Upshur, secretary of state, concerning detention of someone by Chippewa Native Americans, 2 September 1843.

Box 11

Folder 108-119

Folder 108

Folder 109

Folder 110

Folder 111

Folder 112

Folder 113

Folder 114

Folder 115

Folder 116

Folder 117

Folder 118

Folder 119

May 1846-September 1849 #00360, Series: "1843-1853." Box 11, Folder 108-119

Among many other letters and papers in this period are:

1846: There is an inventory of property on Edmund Wilcox Hubard's plantation, dated December 1846.

1847: There is a letter from Martha Burke Jones Eppes to her daughter, Sarah A. Eppes Hubard, about the former's visit to North Carolina, and information about the Longs, the Alstons, George Edmund Badger, and others.

1848: There is a letter to Edmund Wilcox Hubard from John C. Page, dated April 1848, about organizing a farmers' society, the "Hole and Corner Club."

Among other correspondents: Daniel Moreau Barringer (1806-1873), congressman and minister to Spain, about attending or not attending Edward Wilcox Hubard's wedding. Henry Bedinger (1812-1858), congressman and minister to Denmark, concerning Bedinger's approaching second marriage, and political situation, 20 May 1847, 23 October 1847, and 21 May 1848. Thomas Stanhope Bocock (1815-1891), congressman, mostly about politics in Buckingham County, Va., 16 April 1847. William F. Giles (1807-1879), congressman and judge, Baltimore, 10 November 1846. Robert Mercer Taliaferro Hunter (1809-1887), congressman and senator, February 1848. David Settle Reid (1813-1891), congressman, senator, and governor of North Carolina, 19 November 1846.

Box 12

Folder 120-132

Folder 120

Folder 121

Folder 122

Folder 123

Folder 124

Folder 125

Folder 126

Folder 127

Folder 128

Folder 129

Folder 130

Folder 131

Folder 132

October 1849-1852 #00360, Series: "1843-1853." Box 12, Folder 120-132

Among many other letters and papers in this period are:

1850: In a letter, dated 12 January 1850, Edmund Wilcox Hubard wrote to his wife, Sarah (Sallie) A. Eppes Hubard at Mill Brook, mainly about the prevalence of small pox, noting a vaccine virus. In another letter, dated 13 January 1850, he mentioned establishing a hospital at Buckingham Court House, Va., and employing a physician to attend to it. In a letter, dated 28 March 1850, to Dr. Willie J. Eppes, from Andrew Joyner at Weldon, N.C., the sale of Quitzni, Bertie County, N.C., belonging to Martha Burke Jones Eppes, is mentioned.

In a letter, dated 30 March 1850, Roderick M. Robert at Charlottesville, wrote to Edmund Wilcox Hubard with comments on Hubard's articles published in agricultural papers, with suggestions on the formation of agricultural societies. There is a letter, dated 7 June, with a detailed description of Sarah A. Eppes Hubard's health, and directions for treatment, signed S. Jackson, Philadelphia, physician.

1851: In a letter, dated 12 March 1851, Robert Thomas Hubard wrote to R. E. Hubard about children attending a circus at Curdsville, Va. In a letter, dated 10 October 1851, James Lenaeus Hubard wrote to Edmund Wilcox Hubard describing cadet life at the Virginia Military Institute, including a camping expedition to Rockbridge and Warm Springs. In another letter, dated February 1852, he made additional comments about cadet life.

1852: In a letter, dated 11 July 1852, Robert Thruston Hubard wrote to Edmund Wilcox Hubard, asking him to get money, and warning against accepting "shinplasters." There is a letter, dated 1 December 1852, from John F. Hix and others at Bent Creek, Va., to Edmund Wilcox Hubard, in which they asked for his help in alleviating excessive tolls on the canal bridge. There are letters exchanged between William. M. Thornton, Robert Thruston Hubard, and John C. Page about the Willis's company, possibly with regard to the canal toll bridge.

Among other correspondents: Thomas Stanhope Bocock (1815-1891), congressman, mostly about politics in Buckingham County, Va., 6 August 1850, and 3 March 1851. Cary C. Cocke, Lower Bremo, to Edmund Wilcox Hubard, about buying wheat, 8 October 1849. Orlando Bell Ficklin (1808-1886), congressman, about presidential candidates and similar matters, 26 January 1852. Robert Mercer Taliaferro Hunter (1809-1887), congressman and senator, August 1850; 12 March 1851. William L. Ritchie (son of Thomas Ritchie), about the presidential election, 11 April 1852.

Box 13

Folder 133-135

Folder 133

Folder 134

Folder 135

1853 #00360, Series: "1843-1853." Box 13, Folder 133-135

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In June 1854, Edmund Wilcox Hubard was elected vice president for his county of the Union Agricultural Society of Virginia and North Carolina, Petersburg, Va. In November 1855, S. Bassett French wrote to him about a petition to the legislature from that organization, and about similar matters in November 1857.

During this period, Robert Thruston Hubard, in his letters to his brother, mentioned cultivation at Whispering, the former home of Lenaeus Bolling. There was considerable correspondence about the Farmville and Buckingham Plank Road and much about presidential candidates, the banking system in Virginia, and other political matters, including disunion, and emancipation of enslaved people.

On 16 October 1856, Edmund Wilcox Hubard received a letter from John T. Watkins of Cumberland County, in which the latter wrote of his pending migration to another part of the country and leaving in Hubard's hands his plan for helping in the moral and religious uplift of enslaved people. There are also a few other papers pertaining to Watkins's organization, the Cumberland African Society for the Amelioration of the Moral and Religious Condition of the Colored People of the County, including its constitution, a letter to newspaper, and related items.

There is correspondence, beginning 21 March 1856, regarding aid to Thomas Jefferson Eppes of Florida, who was asking for appointment to the consulate at Cuba. In September 1857, after Edmund Wilcox Hubard had written to President James Buchanan on Eppes's behalf, Hubard received letters from Eppes thanking him for his trouble. One, dated 4 September 1857, described the persons in Washington with whom he had come in contact.

Edmund Wilcox Hubard had correspondence in this period concerning the Farmville and Buckingham Plank Road, selling Buffaloe in Nelson County, Va., and with prospective teachers for his children at Saratoga. A letter from J. W. A. Saunders, apparently living in the neighborhood, written 15 June 1859, requests that two of his boys be allowed to attend classes under a teacher procured by Hubard with Saunders paying tuition for them. This is apparently the beginning of the Saratoga Home School, which continued for some years, and about which there is a good deal of correspondence.

Edmund Wilcox Hubard received letters periodically from the sons of his brother Robert Thruston Hubard, particularly James Lenaeus Hubard, concerning the latter's marriage in November 1860 to Isaetta Randolph of Albemarle Co. There are also letters form Robert Thruston Hubard, Jr., who was studying law at the University of Virginia, from where he wrote, on 3 December 1860, of additions and improvements at the University, his fellow students, and the general milieu of the place. Robert Thruston Hubard, Jr., also described his brother James's wedding, parties, and related matters.

There was a barbecue in Buckingham County, Va., on 4 July 1860, for the purpose of stirring up interest in a proposed "S.S." (Straight Shoot) railroad, that was to be constructed through the neighborhood, and for promoting the sale of stock. There is correspondence concerning this, individuals being asked to contribute meat and other provisions, and also a great deal of correspondence, over several years, about the proposed railroad, and its route.

In 1860, Edmund Wilcox Hubard had correspondence with James Woodhouse & Co. of Richmond about the publication of music he had written.

Other correspondents not mentioned in the box list below include James Wood Bouldin (1792-1854), congressman, acknowledging receipt of papers; and John Randolph Tucker (1823-1897), congressman, about his being a candidate for office.

Box 13

Folder 136-144

Folder 136

Folder 137

Folder 138

Folder 139

Folder 140

Folder 141

Folder 142

Folder 143

Folder 144

1854-February 1856 #00360, Series: "1854-1860." Box 13, Folder 136-144

Among the papers for this period are:

1855: In a letter dated 30 September 1855, Robert Thruston Hubard mentioned to Edmund Wilcox Hubard a wedding his boys attended at Frank Cabell's, where, out of respect for General Cocke, nothing alcoholic was served. There is a letter, dated 1 December 1855, from Alex Moseley to Edmund Wilcox Hubard, giving advice about selling land and enslaved people.

Among other correspondents: William Osborne Goode (1798-1859), congressman, concerning politics, 3 March 1855; 20 January 1856. Robert Mercer Taliaferro Hunter, mentioning receipt of some papers, 18 June 1854. Paulus Powell (1809-1874), congressman, concerning politics, 4 March and 10 April 1855. Henry A. Wise (1806-1876), congressman, minister to Brazil, and governor of Virginia, about appointments and politics, 3 January 1855 and 13 January 1856.

Box 14

Folder 145-157

Folder 145

Folder 146

Folder 147

Folder 148

Folder 149

Folder 150

Folder 151

Folder 152

Folder 153

Folder 154

Folder 155

Folder 156

Folder 157

March 1856-June 1858 #00360, Series: "1854-1860." Box 14, Folder 145-157

Among the papers for this period are:

1857: There is a letter, dated 23 February 1857, to Edmund Wilcox Hubard, from his cousin, William M. Burwell, at Shiloh Marengo, Ala., about family news, conditions generally. There is a letter, dated 28 February 1857, to Edmund Wilcox Hubard from William Massie at Pharsalia, Nelson County, Va., chiefly about raising mules. There is a letter, dated April 1857, from James Lenaeus Hubard at the University of Virginia, telling about his life there. There are letters, dated June, 2 July and 10 August 1857, from Henry Flood at Lynchburg, Va., concerning politics. In a letter, dated 13 July 1857, Edmund Wilcox Hubard requested information from C. D. Yale & Co. about a furnace heated with wood, including pipes and registers. There is the report, dated 1 October 1857, of the president of the Farmville and Buckingham Plank Road.

Among other correspondents: Roger A. Pryor (1828-1919), congressman, minister to Greece, judge, and justice, New York Supreme Court, concerning publishing a newspaper called The South, 28 February 1857. Henry A. Wise (1806-1876), congressman, minister to Brazil, and governor of Virginia, 7 February 1857, concerning appointment of Thomas Jefferson Randolph to the board of visitors of the University of Virginia.

Box 15

Folder 158-172

Folder 158

Folder 159

Folder 160

Folder 161

Folder 162

Folder 163

Folder 164

Folder 165

Folder 166

Folder 167

Folder 168

Folder 169

Folder 170

Folder 171

Folder 172

July 1858-July 1860 #00360, Series: "1854-1860." Box 15, Folder 158-172

Among the papers for this period are:

1859: There is a letter, dated 9 January 1859, from Edmund Wilcox Hubard, about having grain ground at a mill, giving details, measures, and related information. In a letter, dated 5 November 1859, Edmund Wilcox Hubard wrote to Robert Thruston Hubard a short resume of his life and gave plans for running for the office of major general in the state militia.

1860: In a letter, dated 23 April 1860, Sarah A. Eppes Hubard wrote to Edmund Wilcox Hubard, at a convention in Charleston, S.C., telling him the names of her relatives there, and news from home. There is an official notification to Edmund Wilcox Hubard of his election to the board of visitors of Farmville Female College at Farmville, Va., dated 28 May 1860. There is a printed plat of the town of Rappahannock, from which lots were apparently drawn. There is a letter, dated 21 February 1860, about Robert Mercer Taliaferro Hunter's candidacy for President. There are numerous letters that were exchanged between Edmund Wilcox Hubard and Robert Thruston Hubard, chiefly concerning the following subjects: the banking system in Virginia, presidential candidates, difficulties connected with enslaving people, Salt Sulphur Springs, Va., and other springs, the danger of disunion and civil war, crops, the Democratic conventions, dissension in the Republican party, and secession.

Among other correspondents: Shelton F. Leake (1812-1884), congressman, concerning Leake's candidacy for Congress and politics in general, 23 December 1858.

Box 16

Folder 173-175

Folder 173

Folder 174

Folder 175

August 1860-December 1860 #00360, Series: "1854-1860." Box 16, Folder 173-175

Among the papers for this period are:

1860: There are proceedings of a meeting, dated 2 October 1860, concerning completion of a canal, from the office of James River & Kanawha Co., sent to Edmund Wilcox Hubard.

Among other correspondents: Henry A. Wise (1806-1876), congressman, minister to Brazil, and governor of Virginia, 15 December 1860, thanking Edmund Wilcox Hubard for cane cut at Monticello, and expressing regard for Hubard.

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The material for the Civil War period covers a wide variety of subjects, including disunion, secession, emancipation, and the formation and maintenance of the Confederacy. Beginning in January 1861, letters are filled with questions as to organization of the state militia, arming soldiers, and providing ammunition, and buying supplies for farms and enslaved people (such as lead, powder, salt, leather and shoes), while it was still possible to do so. There are also warnings to individuals to prepare against invasion by the enemy, and against Northern spies.

In 1861, Edmund Wilcox Hubard was defeated in his bid to serve as representative from Buckingham County, Va., to the convention to be held in Richmond in February, and there is correspondence concerning the ineligibility of the successful candidate, Forbes, who already held a political position as sheriff of the county. Beginning in May 1861, there are letters about trains of soldiers, equipment for companies, supplies, drilling, the reaction of women to the situation, destitute soldiers of families and relief for them, and similar matters.

There is also correspondence about procurement of teachers for the Hubards at the Saratoga Home School, and concerning children coming to board and attend school there. On 14 March 1863, Sue Hubard, daughter of Edmund Wilcox Hubard, wrote a long letter to a cousin describing school life, teachers, and pupils.

In 1863, there was mention of the possibility of nominating Edmund Wilcox Hubard for governor of Virginia, but nothing, apparently, came of it. In that year, he was appointed as appraiser for Virginia under the recent impressment act of Congress.

Martha Burke Jones Eppes, widow of John Wayles Eppes, died at Millbrook, Buckingham County, on 6 December 1863; her will had been completed on 6 June 1861. There is an account of her death and description of her character, and, for some time, there are papers referring to the settlement of her estate, sale of enslaved people, and efforts to collect money owed to her.

There are letters from members of the family in the Confederate service and at home, some of them noting their suffering from the effects of war. In 1865, there are papers dealing with the Freedmen's Bureau and arrangements for hiring freedmen. There are also pardons, oaths of allegiance, and similar items.

Box 16

Folder 176-187

Folder 176

Folder 177

Folder 178

Folder 179

Folder 180

Folder 181

Folder 182

Folder 183

Folder 184

Folder 185

Folder 186

Folder 187

1861-1863 #00360, Series: "1861-1865." Box 16, Folder 176-187

Among other papers from this period are:

1861: A letter, dated 6 April 1861, from Robert Thruston Hubard to Edmund Wilcox Hubard, includes genealogical notes on the Hubards and Thrustons, and discusses provision for their descendents. There are two letters to Edmund Wilcox Hubard, from J. A. Cowardin at Richmond, dated April 1861, concerning a concoction made from prickly ash bark, apparently believed to have a great curative value. (See letter dated 18 August 1871 for information on scheme for preparing this potion for sale.) In a letter, dated 28 August 1861, Robert Thruston Hubard wrote to Edmund Wilcox Hubard, telling of the whereabouts and situations of the former's children. There are letters, dated November 1861, from Robert Thruston Hubard to Edmund Wilcox Hubard concerning the danger of southerners wanting the Confederate government to buy their produce because of the lack of sales due to blockade of ports, which would result in higher taxes and inflation of currency. This letter also mentions the standards by which taxes on land and enslaved people could be returned to the government. In a letter, dated 1 December 1861, Robert Thruston Hubard warned Edmund Wilcox Hubard against investing too heavily in Confederate bonds.

1862: There is a letter, dated 13 February 1862, from William M. Burwell at Clarke County, Ala., telling of hard times and poor crops. There is a letter, dated 21 February 1862, to Edmund Wilcox Hubard from his nephew, James Lenaeus Hubard, officer in the 44th Virginia Regiment, stationed in the mountains near Staunton, telling of his life there, complaining of bad management in putting generals in terrains different from what they were used to, describing people in the region, and commenting on the war in general. There is a letter, dated 17 September, from R. T. Lacy at New Kent, Va., describing the desolation left by fighting near Williamsburg earlier that year. In a letter, dated 29 December 1862, James A. Seddon, Confederate secretary of war, wrote to Edmund Wilcox Hubard that he was enclosing printed suggestions for manufacture of nitre.

1863: There is correspondence between Edmund Wilcox Hubard and his wife and children, when he was in Richmond serving on a commission to regulate the value of the Confederate dollar and appraise property for taxation by written standards. He received letters from E. Mosely and others about his work. There are letters, dated 3 and 6 August 1863, from Henry D. Flood at Lynchburg, about impressment of his horses into Confederate service.

Among other correspondents: John Randolph Tucker, attorney general of Virginia, about eligibility to attend the state convention, 12 February 1861. R. A. Coghill of Richmond, also on the state convention, 15 February 1861, and on reorganization of militia and election of generals, 4 March 1861. Alexander Moseley of Gravel Hill, Va., asking Edmund Wilcox Hubard's aid in procuring a county loan for volunteer companies and their families, 29 June 1861. Robert Mercer Taliaferro Hunter at Richmond, about personal matters and the possibility of cessation of hostilities, 25 March 1862.

Box 17

Folder 188-194

Folder 188

Folder 189

Folder 190

Folder 191

Folder 192

Folder 193

Folder 194

1864-1865 #00360, Series: "1861-1865." Box 17, Folder 188-194

Among other papers from this period are:

1864: There are letters, dated 4 and 21 March 1864, from Francis Eppes at Tallahassee, Fla., telling of his return to Florida from North Carolina, with the people he enslaved (probably through inheritance at the death of his stepmother, Martha Burke Jones Eppes of Mill Brook). He wrote also of the Battle of "Oluska" (Olustee), Fla., and about news of members of his family in the army and at home. There is a letter, dated 24 March 1864, from Nicholas W. Eppes, son of Francis Eppes, at a camp near Dalton, Ga., to his aunt, Eliza Eppes, about camp life and the high morale of soldiers of the Army of Tennessee after the replacement of General Braxton Bragg by Joseph E. Johnston. He also mentioned snow and snowball battles. There are Confederate tax returns, dated 18 July 1864, and an item, dated 19 July 1864, mentioning standards for taxes. There are resolutions from an 1864 meeting at Pulaski, Va., about commissioners increasing prices and taking breadstuffs. In a letter dated 4 November 1864, Robert Thruston Hubard, voiced objections to enslaved people being put into the Confederate army. There is a list of taxes in kinds, dated 21 December 1864.

1865: There is an unsigned letter, apparently from Eliza Eppes to one of her brothers, dated 20 March 1865, about the settlement of their inheritance from their mother. There are notices and letters from Robert Thruston Hubard, dated 1 September 1865, to creditors, urging payments on notes, and explaining the necessity for payment because of the loss, through emancipation of enslaved people, of "upwards of two thousand millions of dollars, to the South". There are receipts, dated 8 September 1865, for surplus horses for the U.S. Army, bought by Edmund Wilcox Hubard. There are contracts and other items relating to the work of freedmen. There is an extract of a letter, dated December 1865, from Nicholas W. Eppes, mentioning his army experiences, fighting in both battles of Manassas, at Missionary Ridge, and at Gettysburg. In a March 1865 letter, Eliza Eppes wrote to "Nannie" of harsh treatment by Northern soldiers.

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Much of the correspondence immediately following the Civil War dealt with hard times, plans for making a living, and contracts with freedmen to work on the plantations and as house servants. Edmund Wilcox Hubard had hides cured by other persons on shares, kept up the Saratoga Home School at his house, and, in 1866, took Sarah A. Eppes Hubard's aunt, Matilda Eppes Spooner, to board. His financial condition, however, like those of many others, grew steadily worse, threatening him with bankruptcy, as was the case with Phillip A. Bolling also. Edmund Wilcox Hubard corresponded with a number of persons, relative to borrowing money and selling his lands in Nelson and Buckingham counties, Va. Sarah A. Eppes Hubard made ketchup and vinegar for sale and her husband sold a number of his books. Their daughter, Susan (Sue) W. Hubard, made efforts towards getting employment, becoming more and more interested in writing for newspapers and magazines.

Edmund Wilcox Hubard corresponded extensively with John D. Imboden, a former Confederate general, who was engaged in the real estate business at Richmond, Va., chiefly about the sale of Hubard's properties. Edmund Wilcox Hubard had correspondence with his brother, Robert Thruston Hubard, about financial affairs. This correspondence was carried on after Robert Thruston Hubard's death in 1871, with Robert Thruston Hubard, Jr., attorney at Farmville, Va.

There are scattered references to searches made for natural resources--particularly oil, copper, and black lead--on Edmund Wilcox Hubard's lands.

Edmund Wilcox Hubard continued in his efforts to build a railroad through his community, and there are a large number of letters and other papers relating to this venture. The proposed railroad line was referred to as being between Lynchburg and Richmond in April 1867; as the Buckingham and Farmville Railroad Company, with Edmund Wilcox Hubard elected president, in August 1869; and, in November 1869, as the Farmville, Cumberland, and Buckingham Railroad. Starting in 1871, there are many references to its being narrow gauge.

There are many papers concerning the settlement of the estate of Martha Burke Jones Eppes, which consisted of property in Virginia, North Carolina, and Tennessee. Lawsuits connected with the inheritance continued, apparently, for a number of years.

There are scattered letters from the family of Francis Eppes, half brother of Sarah A. Eppes Hubard, in Florida, telling of family affairs, hard times, and hopes of future success with their citrus fruit trees and bananas.

There are also papers dealing with the Saratoga Home School, including correspondence of the pupils and parents, bills, and similar items. Two letters from Launcelot M. Blackford, 4 April 1866 and 11 July 1870, were written on the subject of the school, and there is an annual report of the school, dated 14 July 1870.

There are several letters that were exchanged between Pocahontas Meredith and her father, W. C. Meredith, mentioning money for Poca's tuition at the Saratoga Home School, and there are later letters from her at Winchester, Va., at home and at school. Apparently W. C. Meredith married a daughter of Philip A. Bolling and Mary Eppes Bolling who had died sometime before this period. In June 1868, Poca wrote from Winchester of the marriage of her father and also of her older sister.

Mill Brook, the home of the Eppes family, burned on 6 September 1866; there is a list of articles saved from the fire. Eliza Eppes, unmarried Eppes sister of Sarah A. Eppes Hubard, apparently lived for a time after Mill Brook burned at Saratoga with the Hubards. There are a number of letters and other items addressed to her. Mary Eppes Bolling died 22 October 1867, and there are letters concerning her death. Philip Bolling wrote, 30 June 1868, describing with enthusiasm his new home, Glebe, in Amherst County, Va., and August 1868, mentioning his second marriage, to Anna Tappan.

In August 1866, Edmund Wilcox Hubard was appointed delegate to the Union Party Convention in Philadelphia, Pa., which prompted him to petition Congress to lift restrictions imposed under the fourteenth amendment that barred him from holding office. He received a letter, dated 23 May 1872, stating that the Amnesty Bill had passed, and that restrictions on Hubard were lifted.

John E. Hubard, son of Edmund Wilcox Hubard, studied medicine at the University of Virginia beginning in 1870, and there are letters written by him telling of his life, studies, and social contacts. In a letter dated 5 January 1871, he mentioned making New Year's Day calls on his professors. In 1871, he relocated to Baltimore, Md., to finish his medical education. There are letters from him there mentioning his work. During this period, it appears that Edmund W. Hubard, Jr., was still at Saratoga, and that Willie J. Hubard, the youngest son, was still in school.

Susan W. Hubard, the only daughter, wrote long and descriptive letters of her visits to various places. On 27 April 1870, she wrote to her father from Richmond to tell him about the floor at the Court of Appeals at the Capitol falling, killing 53 and wounding many others. There are letters, one dated February 1872, from Susan W. Hubard, in which she described another visit to Richmond, and another dated 10 July 1872, describing a stay at White Sulphur Springs. Dated November 1872, there is a letter from Edmund W. Hubard, Jr., at Richmond, about a concert by violinist Ole Bull, and another written at Covington Academy, Covington, Va., where he was teaching school. There are a number of letters dating from this period addressed to and from the young Hubards and their friends, in which they wrote of trips, love affairs, visits here and there, social gatherings, neighborhood news, and gossip.

In May 1871, Edmund Wilcox Hubard received estimates for building a new courthouse for Buckingham County, Va., and there is correspondence on this topic for some time, including a letter, dated 4 August 1871, concerning the history of the courthouse.

Box 17

Folder 195-203

Folder 195

Folder 196

Folder 197

Folder 198

Folder 199

Folder 200

Folder 201

Folder 202

Folder 203

1866-July 1867 #00360, Series: "1866-1872." Box 17, Folder 195-203

Among papers from this period are:

1866:In a letter, dated 9 March 1866, from J. B. Littlejohn at Mansfield, La., he wrote to "my dear cousin" about his efforts to make a living after losing an arm. He considered a trade, then bootblacking, then tried farming in Texas on a rented place with freedmen, all unsuccessfully. At the time of writing, he had taken up the study of law. In an item, dated 26 May 1866, Robert Thruston Hubard wrote about registering enslaved people at the end of the Civil War, in case of future compensation by the U.S. government. There is a letter, dated 2 August 1866, to Edmund Wilcox Hubard from A. Thornton of New York, concerning business affairs and news of Thornton's family.

Box 18

Folder 204-216

Folder 204

Folder 205

Folder 206

Folder 207

Folder 208

Folder 209

Folder 210

Folder 211

Folder 212

Folder 213

Folder 214

Folder 215

Folder 216

August 1867-August 1869 #00360, Series: "1866-1872." Box 18, Folder 204-216

Among papers from this period are:

1869:There are letters, dated April 1869, from A. Moseley at Richmond, to Sue Hubard concerning some articles she had written for The Whig, and to Edmund Wilcox Hubard about political conditions.

Box 19

Folder 217-233

Folder 217

Folder 218

Folder 219

Folder 220

Folder 221

Folder 222

Folder 223

Folder 224

Folder 225

Folder 226

Folder 227

Folder 228

Folder 229

Folder 230

Folder 231

Folder 232

Folder 233

September 1869-June 1871 #00360, Series: "1866-1872." Box 19, Folder 217-233

Among papers from this period are:

1869: There are letters, dated September 1869, from William Mahone, president of the South Side Railroad, to Edmund Wilcox Hubard about the proposed railroad.

1871: In a letter, dated 4 April 1871, Congressman Richard Thomas Walker Duke (1822-1898) wrote about procuring public lands for Virginia; in another, dated 19 Feb. 1872, he discussed general financial conditions in the South. Edward M. Alfriend at Richmond and Sue Hubard corresponded at this time about a request for her to take the part of Julia in The Rivals, to be produced by the Dramatic Club of Richmond. There is a letter, dated 12 June 1871, to Edmund Wilcox Hubard, from Horace Greely (1811-1872) of New York, discussing the treatment of Black laborers.

Box 20

Folder 234-246

Folder 234

Folder 235

Folder 236

Folder 237

Folder 238

Folder 239

Folder 240

Folder 241

Folder 242

Folder 243

Folder 244

Folder 245

Folder 246

July 1871-1872 #00360, Series: "1866-1872." Box 20, Folder 234-246

Among papers from this period are:

1872: In a letter, dated 19 Feb. 1872, Congressman Richard Thomas Walker Duke (1822-1898) discussed general financial conditions in the South. There is a letter, dated 21 June 1872, from G. W. Bagby of Richmond, inquiring about the bust of Thomas Jefferson that was once at Mill Brook, the Eppes home, and which was wanted for the Virginia State Library. There is a letter, dated 13 September, from Henry A. Wise of Richmond, commenting on the times and the men in leadership positions. There is a letter, dated 20 November 1872, from Gilbert Carlton Walker (1833-1885), representative from Virginia and governor, relating to proposed immigration into Virginia. There is a map of Mecklenburg County, Va., printed and published by Endly and Boyd, Christiansville, Va., with farms of northern settlers inked in.

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In 1873, Edmund W. Hubard, Jr., wrote to his family from Alleghany County, Va., where he taught and served as principal of the Covington Academy. He included in his mail a pencil sketch of the Academy building. He told in detail of his life there, of social contacts, and of his tentative engagement to Miss McDonald, which was apparently called off. Later in 1873, he moved to Enniscartha, Va., and wrote describing his situation in the household of Tucker S. Coles at Green Mountain, Albemarle County, Va., as tutor to his three boys, giving details of the house and the family's manner of living. In 1876, Edmund Wilcox Hubard, Jr., studying law at the University of Virginia, wrote letters from Charlottesville before returning to Saratoga to practice law. There are a great many letters and papers concerning his law practice in the vicinity of Buckingham County, Va.

There are papers dating from this period that concern Edmund Wilcox Hubard's proposed railroad, mostly attempts to discourage him from proceeding with the project. Filed with December 1873 papers, there is a copy of an account, included apparently in Congressional House Documents, of the case of Col. A. B. Steinberger, who was apparently engaged to Sue Hubard and his difficulties in Samoa. Dating from January 1874, there are letters about Col. Steinberger being in the United States and expected at Saratoga, which apparently never happened. There are copies of letters written to him by Sue Hubard (see also undated material), and letters written to her by various persons concerning Steinberger and her engagement to him, and to government officials asking for information about him and his whereabouts. References to him are scattered through the papers until November 1878, when a letter from an unidentified writer, mentioned that Sue Hubard had broken off her engagement to Steinberger.

There are letters from A. Thornton in New York, giving family news; also from various members of the Eppes family, in Florida, chiefly addressed to Eliza Eppes, either at Saratoga or at Mill Brook, where she occasionally stayed. Willie J. Hubard apparently lived at home during this period, and was engaged in teaching school. Sue Hubard continued to pursue her career as a writer with some success, there being correspondence about copyrights and about her work, including a letter from Whitelaw Reid, of the New York Tribune, dated 3 December 1874, and one from Augustin Daly of New York, dated January 1875, concerning an article and play she had submitted.

Edmund Wilcox Hubard was appointed, in May 1874, as a delegate to the Atlanta State Tobacco Convention. In September, 1875, he was appointed to represent the Farmer's Council of Virginia at the National Agricultural Congress, Cincinnati, and, in November, 1875, he was sent by the governor to a national convention at St. Louis, Mo., for consideration of construction of a Pacific Railroad through the states and territories. Many of the papers for this period relate to these events. Sue Hubard and her brothers took up the investigation of heraldry about this time, and there is a letter, dated 17 March 1876, from E. Y. W. Custis of New Bern, N.C., with a sketch of a coat of arms taken from a silver tea kettle, supposedly from the Tryon Palace.

In 1876, Sue Hubard visited New York. There is a letter from her there, dated July of that year, in which she mentioned that she had borrowed money from Somerville, a commission merchant in Richmond, using her diamonds as collateral.

There are letters during these years from Pocahontas Bolling Meredith, mentioning her work teaching in schools and as a governess. There are also occasional letters from W. C. Meredith, chiefly about personal and family matters.

Edmund Wilcox Hubard died on 9 December 1878, and there are letters concerning his death, and papers about the settlement of his estate. In February 1879, Jane Eppes in Florida wrote to Eliza Eppes concerning his death and told of a spiritual visit from him to her father, Francis Eppes, and other similar experiences on her father's part.

In April, 1879, Sue Hubard wrote from Washington, D.C., of her family's poverty, suggesting taking summer boarders at Saratoga, of her brothers' attitudes towards this plan, and of efforts on her part to sell some family-owned violins. In letters, dated 23 May, 2 June, and 21 June 1879, visiting in Washington, she wrote about many persons she had met, including William Gates DeLuc (1823-1917, Union officer and U.S. commissioner of agriculture); senator Matthew Hale Carpenter (1824-1881); Martin L. Clardy (1844-1914, representative from Missouri); and senator Zebulon Baird Vance (1839-1894, representative and senator, governor of North Carolina), insinuating, as to the last that he was paying her marked attention.

There is a copy of a notice, dated 1880, sent around to the heirs of Matilda W. Eppes Spooner, stating that she had died in November of that year, leaving an estate which would be divided among her nieces and nephews, and recommending that the services of Edmund W. Hubard, Jr., be engaged. There was a great deal of correspondence concerning this matter for some years.

There are a number of letters addressed to members of the Hubard family from relatives or connections, apparently in close touch with those in Buckingham County, Va., but whose connections with them are unclear. There are papers related to lawsuits having been instituted regarding some of the property of Martha Burke Jones Eppes in Tennessee and being handled, apparently, by Tomlin and Tomlin, attorneys, of Jackson, Tenn.

In letters, dated January and February 1881, Sue Hubard at Baltimore, Md., discussed her approaching marriage to John T. Crow (1822-1881), managing editor of the Baltimore Sun, her trousseau, and similar matters. Following the wedding, she described their temporary quarters at Barnum's Hotel. John T. Crow died almost in March. There was considerable correspondence concerning his death, and, subsequently, concerning the settlement of his estate, and the languid state of Sue Hubard Crow, who returned to live with her family at Saratoga, Buckingham County, Va., and who died there around January 1882. (For more Sue Hubard Crow papers, see undated subseries 1.14.3.)

Box 20

Folder 247-251

Folder 247

Folder 248

Folder 249

Folder 250

Folder 251

January 1873-April 1873 #00360, Series: "1873-1882." Box 20, Folder 247-251

Among papers from this period are:

1873: Dated February 1873 and following, there are letters concerning a visit by Sue Hubard and her brother, John, with Kate Boylan at Raleigh, N.C., mentioning the people there. In a letter, dated 3 March 1873, to Sue Hubard, from her mother, Sarah Eppes Hubard, the latter provided notes on family genealogical relationships.

Box 21

Folder 252-272

Folder 252

Folder 253

Folder 254

Folder 255

Folder 256

Folder 257

Folder 258

Folder 259

Folder 260

Folder 261

Folder 262

Folder 263

Folder 264

Folder 265

Folder 266

Folder 267

Folder 268

Folder 269

Folder 270

Folder 271

Folder 272

May 1873-July 1875 #00360, Series: "1873-1882." Box 21, Folder 252-272

Among papers from this period are:

1873: In a letter, dated 17 July 1873, Philip A. Bolling of Litchfield County, Conn., wrote of the industrial development of New England and compared the economics there with the South and its past reliance on forced labor of enslaved people. In another letter, dated 24 July 1873, he predicted the future development of the South with industry and smaller plantations, instead of the larger ones of the prewar period.

1874: There is a letter, dated 19 January 1874, from Thomas Whitehead (1824-1901), congressman, Confederate officer, editor of the Lynchburg News and the Lynchburg Advance, concerning taxation of tobacco; and another, dated February 1874, about finding Col. Steinberger. There is a letter, dated 6 March 1874, from John Warfield Johnston (1818-1889), senator and state judge, concerning a report from the U.S. Patent Office. There are letters, dated May through June 1874, from F. F. Fredway, relating to the establishment of a Grange. There are letters, dated July through August 1874, addressed to and from Sue and Edmund Wilcox Hubard, Jr., at the Greenbrier, White Sulphur Springs, mostly about personal and family matters. In letters, dated 29 August and 9 September 1874, Robert Mercer Taliaferro Hunter, congressman and senator, discussed taxation of tobacco and the change of appointment of one Edmund Wilcox Hubard's sons to Annapolis or West Point. In another letter, dated 30 September 1876, he discussed Hubard's financial affairs.

1875: There is a letter, dated 21 February 1875, from Morton Craig Hunter (1825-1896), congressman and Union army officer, concerning banking. In a letter, dated 30 March 1875, Louisiana Hubard Randolph, daughter of Robert Thruston Hubard and wife of Dr. Randolph of Albemarle County, wrote of her four children and other family news. A note, dated 16 April 1875, states that Eleanor Gray Page, wife of John C. Page, died at Mill Brook, Va. In a letter, dated 20 July 1875, John Randolph Tucker (1823-1897) congressman, attorney, and college professor of Lexington, Va., wrote to Edmund Wilcox Hubard about Willie J. Hubard entering competitive examinations for West Point.

Box 22

Folder 273-283

Folder 273

Folder 274

Folder 275

Folder 276

Folder 277

Folder 278

Folder 279

Folder 280

Folder 281

Folder 282

Folder 283

September 1875-1880 #00360, Series: "1873-1882." Box 22, Folder 273-283

Among papers from this period are:

1875: In a letter, dated 6 September 1875, Philip A. Bolling wrote to Eliza Eppes at Mill Brook, Va., about the death of his wife Anna Tappan Bolling; he also mentioned the death of Willie J. Eppes daughter Nellie (Eleanor Gray Page).

1876: In a letter, dated 7 April 1876, John Randolph Tucker (1823-1897) congressman, attorney, and college professor of Lexington, Va., discussed copyrighting an article sold by Sue Hubard to Leslie's Magazine. In a letter, dated 22 May 1876, John D. Imboden wrote to Edmund Wilcox Hubard concerning the invention of a railway car and axle and discussed the fate of the narrow gauge railroad.

1877: There is a letter, dated 23 May 1877, from J. M. Blanton, master, State Grange of Virginia, concerning politics. James L. Kemper (1823-1895), Confederate general and governor of Virginia, wrote a letter of recommendation for Edmund Wilcox Hubard; it is dated 11 January 1877. In letters, dated 7 July and 15 and 24 September 1877, William Mahone (1826-1895), senator, Confederate general, and railroad president, thanked Hubard for his testimonial; he also discussed state politics and his gubernatorial campaign. There is a letter, dated 5 October 1877, from David Miller of Bristol, Va., concerning an independent ticket in Virginia.

1878: There is a letter, dated 31 January, from George C. Cabell (1836-1906), congressman and Confederate officer, to Edmund Wilcox Hubard, saying that chances were poor for Hubard, a Southern Democrat, getting an appointment to a federal job. There is a letter, dated 1 February 1878, to Edmund Wilcox Hubard from Fred W. M. Holliday, concerning a recommendation. There is a letter, dated 18 April 1878, from Beverly Tucker at Washington, D.C., concerning state and national politics. There are letters written by John Randolph Tucker (1823-1897), congressman and educator, about politics.

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1881-1907, 1930, 1953.

Many papers in this time period relate to political matters. Edmund Wilcox Hubard, Jr., ran successfully for the office of commonwealth attorney, and, in 1883, was elected to the state senate. There was criticism of his holding these two offices, and there is correspondence concerning that issue, as well as letters and papers dealing with both of those offices. Willie J. Hubard, youngest of the sons of Edmund Wilcox Hubard, apparently attended the University of Virginia, in company with his cousin Andrew J. Eppes, son of Willie J. Eppes. Willie Jones Hubard practiced law with his brother, Edmund Wilcox Hubard, Jr., in the firm of Hubard and Hubard, concerning which practice there are numbers of papers. In June 1885, E. W. Hubard, Jr., was appointed as a delegate to the Republican state convention; in July, 1894, he received a letter from James D. Brady, expressing regret that Hubard had gone back to the Democratic party. Beginning in 1896, there are letters addressed to Willie J. Hubard, House of Delegates at Richmond, Va.; in 1902, he wrote from the state treasurer's office at Richmond, where he apparently was serving as auditor.

Dating from this period are letters and papers concerning Lucy P. Moseley, daughter of A. F. Moseley, chiefly about schoolwork, and her training as a school teacher. There is also an invitation to her wedding, dated 16 June 1886, and addressed to Dr. John E. Hubard at the Presbyterian church, Maysville, Va. There is mention, in the papers dating from the following years, of Dr. Hubard's ill health, and there are letters, dated February 1892, to the Hubard family expressing sympathy on his death. There is a teacher's certificate, dated August 1892, that was issued to Lucy P. Moseley Hubard by the Buckingham Free Schools, and there are letters to and from her scattered through the remainder of the papers, particularly one, dated 18 November 1906, from her at Washington, D.C., to Edmund Wilcox Hubard, Jr., concerning her children and mentioning E. W. Hubard's son, Dabney Hubard.

References to Sarah A. Eppes Hubard, widow of Edmund Wilcox Hubard, are scarce and then practically disappear around 1896; it may be surmised that she died about that time. Eliza Eppes, her sister, died, apparently, in 1884. Andrew J. Eppes, son of Willie J. Eppes, was apparently the superintendent of schools in Buckingham County, beginning around 1884, and there is constant mention of him by members of the family at Saratoga, and letters indicating that he made his home there for some time. In December 1903, Willie J. Hubard wrote to his brother, Edmund Wilcox Hubard, Jr., about the former's approaching wedding at Richmond, 11 December 1903, to Miss Carrie.

There are a number of letters from various relatives and connections of the Hubard family dating from this period, some of the writers being unidentified. Among these letters are some written by:

Mamie (or Manie) J. Lemmon of Covington, Tenn., (17 March 1881) apparently a descendent of the Eppes family, and niece of Matilda Eppes Spooner; and from M. B. Savage, Memphis, Tenn., a cousin (10 March 1881). Both of these writers mentioned their own families and asked about the Spooner estate. W. Littlejohn of Albemarle, Va. (20 March 1884) gave much family news and many genealogical references. L. Conway at Richmond and Charlottesville, Va., (February through April 1885) wrote to Edmund Wilcox Hubard, Jr., and Tempe Osborne about family and personal matters. T. J. Shine of Orlando, Fla., (16 May 1886) wrote to Edmund Wilcox Hubard, Jr., about funds for Francis Eppes from the Spooner estate; also Jane Eppes at Madison, Fla., (15 June 1886); John W. Eppes at Madison, Fla., (6 August 1886); and other members of the Francis Eppes family in Florida, discussed mostly family and personal matters.

Pattie Farley and her mother, "Nannie" Farley, at Kanawha Falls, W.Va. (29 Aug. 1886; 21 November 1887; January 1890; January 1892; October 20, 1892; May, 1896) wrote mostly about family matters. Pattie Farley (26 August 1896) also told of her approaching marriage to J. M. Clark, civil and mining engineer, of New Jersey. Nannie Farley mentioned the death of her husband, Tom Farley, in a letter dated 31 July 1903. There are also letters written by children of Robert Thruston Hubard, including one from Louisiana Hubard Randolph, married to Dr. L. C. Randolph (5 March 1891), telling of her own children and some of the children of her brothers.

Box 22

Folder 284-287

Folder 284

Folder 285

Folder 286

Folder 287

1881-July 1882 #00360, Series: "1881-1907, 1930, 1953." Box 22, Folder 284-287

Box 23

Folder 288-308

Folder 288

Folder 289

Folder 290

Folder 291

Folder 292

Folder 293

Folder 294

Folder 295

Folder 296

Folder 297

Folder 298

Folder 299

Folder 300

Folder 301

Folder 302

Folder 303

Folder 304

Folder 305

Folder 306

Folder 307

Folder 308

August 1882-August 1887 #00360, Series: "1881-1907, 1930, 1953." Box 23, Folder 288-308

Among other correspondents and papers dating from this period:

1883: Dated 24 January 1883, there is the oath of John E. Hubard, M.D., at Richmond, Va., on becoming surgeon for the state penitentiary. Shortly afterwards, a letter to his family showed that Hubard did not like that situation and decided not to stay. There is a letter, dated 10 December 1883, from Thomas Conrad, president of the Virginia Agricultural & Manufacturing College, congratulating Edmund Wilcox Hubard, Jr., on his election as state senator. Other papers, dated 1883, are related to Hubard's election in Buckingham County.

1885: There is a broadside, dated April 1885, entitled "Sketch of John S. Wise, Republican Candidate for Governor of Virginia." There are letters, dated May 1885, from Paul M. Jones at New Store, Va., referring to the black vote. In a letter, dated 23 June 1885, J. X. Morton at Blacksburg, Va., invited Edmund Wilcox Hubard, Jr., to be his guest during a meeting of the Board of Visitors; in another letter, dated 7 April 1886, he wrote of the entire faculty of the Virginia Agricultural & Manufacturing College being removed and having to be reelected; a letter from J. E. Christian, dated 10 April 1885, deals with the same subject.

1887: Following correspondence concerning voting for a railroad, there is a letter, dated 30 July 1887, from Robert Thruston Hubard Jr., as president, F. & C. R.R, dealing with financial matters. There is a broadside, dated 30 August 1887, concerning William Mahone's gubernatorial campaign, signed by him, warning against the tactics of the Democrats. There are papers and letters to Edmund Wilcox Hubard, Jr., from William Mahone, concerning political matters, particularly letters dated 13 March and 17 August 1887.

Box 24

Folder 309-328

Folder 309

Folder 310

Folder 311

Folder 312

Folder 313

Folder 314

Folder 315

Folder 316

Folder 317

Folder 318

Folder 319

Folder 320

Folder 321

Folder 322

Folder 323

Folder 324

Folder 325

Folder 326

Folder 327

Folder 328

September 1887-March 1891 #00360, Series: "1881-1907, 1930, 1953." Box 24, Folder 309-328

Among other correspondents and papers dating from this period:

1888: There is a printed notice, dated August 1888, of a meeting of the James River Valley Immigration Society and Natural Bridge. In a letter, dated 11 August 1888, William Mahone, attempted to persuade Edmund Wilcox Hubard, Jr., to run for Congress on the Republican ticket. September letters to E. W. Hubard, Jr., from Congressman Jacob Yost (1853-1933) concern political affairs.

1889-1891: There are letters, dated 1889 to 1890, concerning arrangements for selling antiques from Saratoga. There are letters, dated 1890 to 1891, concerning the Rosny Iron and Land Company.

Box 25

Folder 329-349

Folder 329

Folder 330

Folder 331

Folder 332

Folder 333

Folder 334

Folder 335

Folder 336

Folder 337

Folder 338

Folder 339

Folder 340

Folder 341

Folder 342

Folder 343

Folder 344

Folder 345

Folder 346

Folder 347

Folder 348

Folder 349

April 1891-1897 #00360, Series: "1881-1907, 1930, 1953." Box 25, Folder 329-349

Among other correspondents and papers dating from this period:

1891: There are letters, dated 1890 to 1891, concerning the Rosny Iron and Land Company. There is a notice, dated 23 April 1891, concerning proceeds from the sale of the Buckingham Female Collegiate Institute.

1892: There is a letter, dated 15 May 1892, from Thomas Staples Martin (1847-1919) concerning his candidacy for the U.S. Senate.

1893: There is a letter, dated 10 April 1893, to Lucy P. Hubard, from J. L. Hubard at Tye Brook, Nelson County, Va., giving family news. A letter and circular, dated 21 November 1893, from Herbert Barbee at Luray, Va., solicits funds for a monument to Confederate soldiers. There is a letter, dated 3 November 1893, to Lucy P. Hubard at Bay View, Va., telling about selling ponies on "Ponypenning Day," from Chincoteague Island, Va.

1894: There are letters, dated August 1894, originally exchanged between members of the Saratoga family, concerning the death of Dr. Osborne. Apparently the Osborne family was closely connected with the Hubards.

1896: There is a letter, dated 2 March 1896, from senator Thomas Staples Martin at Washington, D.C., to Edmund Wilcox Hubard, Jr., at Buckingham Court House, Va., on various matters, including division of the Democratic Party on free silver. There is more about this question in letters from other persons. There is a letter, dated 29 September 1896, from T. S. Martin at Scottsville, Va., concerning H. D. Flood's political organization in Buckingham County. There is a letter, dated 11 November 1896, from Mrs. Osborne about her affairs, in which she asked about the status of her inheritance from John Wayles Eppes's estate.

Box 26

Folder 350-362

Folder 350

Folder 351

Folder 352

Folder 353

Folder 354

Folder 355

Folder 356

Folder 357

Folder 358

Folder 359

Folder 360

Folder 361

Folder 362

1898-1907, 1930, 1953 #00360, Series: "1881-1907, 1930, 1953." Box 26, Folder 350-362

Among other correspondents and papers dating from this period:

1898: There is a letter, dated 17 February 1898, from B. W. Blanton, of the Virginia House of Delegates, concerning politics. A letter, dated 27 August 1898, from congressman Julian Minor Quarles (1848-1929) concerning his candidacy for Congress.

1902: Congressman Henry de la Warr Flood (1862-1921), in letters dated 7 and 13 June, and 5 and 21 September 1902, wrote about personal and political matters, to Edmund Wilcox Hubard, Jr. There is a broadside, dated 18 August 1902, entitled "Resolutions adopted at a full meeting of the Democratic Committee of the tenth Congressional district, held at Clifton Forge, August 18, 1904."

1905: There is a letter, dated 3 January 1905, from Senator Thomas Staples Martin, concerning the contest between judges Hundley and Watkins, and political factions in the state generally. In a letter, dated 3 March 1905, Martin wrote about the appointment of Willie J. Eppes as clerk (apparently Clerk of Circuit Court, Buckingham, Va.), and Martin's need for political backing.

1906: There are letters, dated October 1906, relating to the erection of a toll bridge between Buckingham and Albemarle counties, Va.

1907: There is a letter, dated 31 May 1907, about procuring a portrait of Grand Master Joseph Montfort of Halifax, N.C.

1930: A clipping from a Richmond newspaper, dated 20 August 1930, tells of the sale of Saratoga to Mrs. N. M. Sutton, of Manteo, Va.

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Edmund Wilcox Papers, 1700s.

Chiefly papers relating to Edmund Wilcox's medical practice. Included are letters from patients, bills, receipts, and accounting sheets.

Box 26

Folder 363-364

Folder 363

Folder 364

Edmund Wilcox Papers #00360, Series: "Edmund Wilcox Papers, 1700s." Box 26, Folder 363-364

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Edmund Wilcox Hubard Papers, 1840s.

Correspondence, drafts of speeches, notes, and other materials chiefly relating to Edmund Wilcox Hubard during his tenure in Congress, 1841-1847.

Box 26

Folder 365-369

Folder 365

Folder 366

Folder 367

Folder 368

Folder 369

Edmund Wilcox Hubard Papers #00360, Series: "Edmund Wilcox Hubard Papers, 1840s." Box 26, Folder 365-369

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Sue Hubard Crow Papers, 1860s-1890s.

Correspondence and writings of Sue Hubard Crow. Most of the letters are post-bellum and relate to family matters. Writings include poems, essays, and stories, most of them about the change of seasons, love, and other general topics.

Box 27

Folder 370-377

Folder 370

Folder 371

Folder 372

Folder 373

Folder 374

Folder 375

Folder 376

Folder 377

Correspondence and Writings #00360, Series: "Sue Hubard Crow Papers, 1860s-1890s." Box 27, Folder 370-377

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Papers of Other Family Members, Before 1865.

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Miscellaneous Papers.

Letters and letter fragments, poems and other writings, notes, accounts, maps, recipes, and other items relating to various family members and others, many of whom are not identified.

Box 28

Folder 383-396

Folder 383

Folder 384

Folder 385

Folder 386

Folder 387

Folder 388

Folder 389

Folder 390

Folder 391

Folder 392

Folder 393

Folder 394

Folder 395

Folder 396

Miscellaneous Undated Papers #00360, Series: "Miscellaneous Papers." Box 28, Folder 383-396

Extra Oversize Paper Folder XOPF-360/1

Folder 383-396

Folder 383

Folder 384

Folder 385

Folder 386

Folder 387

Folder 388

Folder 389

Folder 390

Folder 391

Folder 392

Folder 393

Folder 394

Folder 395

Folder 396

Miscellaneous Undated Papers #00360, Series: "Miscellaneous Papers." Xopaperfolder XOPF-360/1, Folder 383-396

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 2. Volumes.


About 112 items.

Arrangement: chronological.

This subseries consists of account books, day books, journals, mathematics, chemistry, and medical note books, music score books, lists of enslaved people, and diaries related to the Hubard family plantation and miscellaneous agricultural work, professional work, private interests, and travel expenses. There is also a published world atlas, dated 1822.

Box 29

Folder 397

Volume 1: July 1752-June 1761 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." Box 29, Folder 397

Richard Eppes with William Bogle, John Craegie & Co. (13 p.). Account book.

Box 29

Folder 398

Volume 2: 1760 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." Box 29, Folder 398

Edmund Wilcox (30 p.). Account book of tobacco for the ship Suckey, Rappahannock River, including expenses and disbursements; expenses of "ye funeral," July 1760; expenses, "from my Father's death to this day." Accounts of people enslaved by Edmund Wilcox.

Box 29

Folder 399

Volume 3: 1761 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." Box 29, Folder 399

Edmund Wilcox (25 p.). Tobacco account book.

Box 29

Folder 400

Volume 4: 1761-1762 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." Box 29, Folder 400

Edmund Wilcox (43 p.). Plantation accounts and lists of enslaved people.

Box 29

Folder 401

Volume 5: 1761-1764 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." Box 29, Folder 401

Wilcox family members (52 p.). Small ledger, accounts; some medical fees; listing of estate of John Wilcox. Note in back of book, Edmund Wilcox Hubard, great-grandson.

Box 29

Folder 402

Volume 6: 1763 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." Box 29, Folder 402

William Hubard (60 p.). Mathematics book, bound in homespun.

Box 29

Folder 403

Volume 7: 1700s #00360, Series: "1752-1865." Box 29, Folder 403

(71 p.). Mathematics book, has some problems using year 1731, but appearance is of a later date.

Box 29

Folder 404a-404b

Volume 8 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." Box 29, Folder 404a-404b

No date (59 p., 8 enclosures). Medical and chemistry notes.

Oversize Volume SV-360/9

1764-1777 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." SV-360/9

Edmund Wilcox (423 p.). Personal accounts; appraisal of his father's estate; medical charges.

Box 29

Folder 406

Volume 10: 1768-1777 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." Box 29, Folder 406

(31 p.). Miscellaneous accounts; 7 Jan. 1775, "a list of sundry household goods, sold on estate of John Bulloch."

Box 30

Folder 407

Volume 11: 1771-1778 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." Box 30, Folder 407

Edmund Wilcox (62 p.). Petty cash book, chiefly farm affairs, money paid out.

Box 30

Folder 408

Volume 12: 1773 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." Box 30, Folder 408

(12 p.). General list of fees.

Box 30

Folder 409

Volume 13: 1776-1783 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." Box 30, Folder 409

Edmund Wilcox (477 p.). Journal, physician's day book.

Box 30

Folder 410a

Volume 14: 1776-1783 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." Box 30, Folder 410a

(301 p., 3 enclosures). Ledger for Volume 13.

Box 30

Folder 410b

Volume 14: 1776-1783 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." Box 30, Folder 410b

(301 p., 3 enclosures). Ledger for Volume 13.

Box 30

Folder 411

Volume 15: 1777-1782 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." Box 30, Folder 411

(32 p.). Small day book and memorandum, farm affairs, corn, fodder, William Hubard.

Box 30

Folder 412

Volume 16: 1777-1792 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." Box 30, Folder 412

William Hubard (56 p.). Miscellaneous day book and memorandum, cattle, horses, hides.

Box 30

Folder 413

Volume 17: 1778 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." Box 30, Folder 413

William Hubard (52 p.). Small ledger, accounts, tithes for property.

Box 30

Folder 414

Volume 18: 1779-1787 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." Box 30, Folder 414

Volume 18a: William Hubard (9 p.). Miscellaneous accounts of William Hubard, copy of letter, 1824, Robert Thruston Hubard, asking about opening of University of Virginia.

Volume 18b: William Hubard (40 p.). Daily accounts.

Box 30

Folder 415

Volume 19: 1784-1786 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." Box 30, Folder 415

William Hubard (32 p.). Accounts, as diary, including some travel accounts.

Box 30

Folder 416

Volume 20: 1790-1792, 1810, 1825 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." Box 30, Folder 416

(113 p.). Music score book (one song, "composed by Bolling, 1791"); farm accounts; Mrs. S. Maury, estate of Edmund Wilcox.

Box 30

Folder 417

Volume 21: circa 1790s #00360, Series: "1752-1865." Box 30, Folder 417

(55 p.). Music score book.

Box 31

Folder 418

Volume 22: 1796 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." Box 31, Folder 418

J. T. Hubard (61 p.). Medical note book, under Dr. Benjamin Rush, University of Pennsylvania.

Box 31

Folder 419

Volume 23: 1796 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." Box 31, Folder 419

J. T. Hubard (48 p.). Medical notebook on inflammatory diseases.

Box 31

Folder 420

Volume 24: 1796 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." Box 31, Folder 420

J.T. Hubard (53 p.). 4 Jan., medical notebook.

Box 31

Folder 421

Volume 25: 1796 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." Box 31, Folder 421

J.T. Hubard (147 p.). 12 Dec., medical notebook.

Box 31

Folder 422

Volume 26: 1796 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." Box 31, Folder 422

J.T. Hubard (62 p.). 22 Dec., medical notebook.

Box 31

Folder 423

Volume 27: 1796-1800 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." Box 31, Folder 423

William Hubard (23 items). Miscellaneous business accounts, including and farm expenditures.

Box 31

Folder 424

Volume 28: 1797 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." Box 31, Folder 424

January and February, J. T. Hubard (64 p.). Medical notebook.

Box 31

Folder 425

Volume 29: 10 February 1797, 1825 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." Box 31, Folder 425

J. T. Hubard, Susanna Maury (62 p.). Medical notes and a few pages of accounts of Susanna Maury.

Box 31

Folder 426

Volume 30: 1797 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." Box 31, Folder 426

September, J. T. Hubard (7 p.). Medical notes.

Box 31

Folder 427

Volume 31: 1798 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." Box 31, Folder 427

J. T. Hubard (161 p.). Medical notes.

Box 31

Folder 428

Volume 32: 1798-1800, 1805, 1826 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." Box 31, Folder 428

J. T. Hubard, Robert Thruston Hubard (54 p.). Notes, chemical lectures of J. Woodhouse; copy of letter in back of book, 15 June 1826, Robert Thruston Hubard, about affairs of his mother, who afterwards married, J. W. Maury, giving dates of her marriages: 1, J. T. Hubard, 1805; J. W. Maury 1798-1800. Also functioned as day book, J. T. Hubard, physician, Petersburg, Va.

Oversize Volume SV-00360/33

1798-1800 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." SV-00360/33

J. T. Hubard (109 p.). Physician's day book, Petersburg, Va.

Box 31

Folder 430

Volume 34: 1805 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." Box 31, Folder 430

(68 p.). Lists of moneys owed to writer (unknown) and some miscellaneous accounts.

Box 31

Folder 431

Volume 35: 1808-1825 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." Box 31, Folder 431

John W. Eppes (30 p.). Estate of Francis Eppes, accounts with John W. Eppes, executor.

Box 31

Folder 432

Volume 36: 1820-1821 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." Box 31, Folder 432

Clarksville, Va. (170 p.). Unidentified blacksmith accounts.

Box 31

Folder 433

Volume 37: 1822 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." Box 31, Folder 433

Edmund Wilcox Hubard (17 leaves, 4 p.). Atlas of the World, 1822, New Haven, Howe & Spaulding, with notes, addresses.

Box 32

Folder 434

Volume 38: 1756, 1824-1825 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." Box 32, Folder 434

Edmund Wilcox Hubard (152 p.). Copy of lecture, by Dr. [Benjamin?] Franklin, on Physical and Meteorological Observations, read before Royal Society, London, 3 June 1756; also college accounts, 1824-1825.

Box 32

Folder 435

Volume 39: circa 1825 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." Box 32, Folder 435

Edmund Wilcox Hubard (71 p.). Dr. John Clark's medical observations on fever.

Box 32

Folder 436

Volume 40: circa 1825 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." Box 32, Folder 436

(21 p.). Dr. Pringle: medical lecture.

Box 32

Folder 437

Volume 41: 1825 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." Box 32, Folder 437

Edmund Wilcox Hubard (32 p.). Moneys received and spent.

Box 32

Folder 438

Volume 42: 1826 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." Box 32, Folder 438

Edmund Wilcox Hubard (32 p.). Notes on Dr. Emmet's lectures on chemistry, University of Virginia.

Oversize Volume SV-360/43

1827-1830 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." SV-360/43

Edmund Wilcox Hubard (227 p.). Journal, plantation account, Susan Maury, kept by Edmund Wilcox Hubard, and, in 1830, estate of Mrs. S. Maury. Also a fragment of an unidentified mercantile ledger, 1784-1796.

Box 32

Folder 440

Volume 44: 1829-1830 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." Box 32, Folder 440

Edmund Wilcox Hubard (35 p.). Roster #1 for the year 1829-30, stock, utensils, crops, under superintendence of Stephen Jones.

Box 32

Folder 441

Volume 45: 1830 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." Box 32, Folder 441

Edmund Wilcox Hubard (37 p.). Travel expenses, Robert, Edmund, and Louisiana Hubard, and Mrs. M. Page, to springs, and other accounts.

Box 32

Folder 442

Volume 46: 1830-1836 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." Box 32, Folder 442

Edmund Wilcox Hubard (199 p.). Account book, estate of Susan Maury, Edmund Wilcox Hubard, administrator; journal of all money received by and from estate, Susan Maury, 1831-32, and other estate accounts.

Box 32

Folder 443

Volume 47: 1831-1832 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." Box 32, Folder 443

Edmund Wilcox Hubard (48 p.). Money received and paid out by Edmund Wilcox Hubard, including some to Louisiana Hubard, and travel expenses for both of them.

Box 32

Folder 444a-444b

Volume 48: 1831-1834 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." Box 32, Folder 444a-444b

Edmund Wilcox Hubard (301 p.). Journal of various articles sold from estate of S. Maury by Hubard, 1831-32, and other accounts, 1834.

Box 32

Folder 445

Volume 49: 1831; 1875 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." Box 32, Folder 445

Louisiana Hubard, Susan Wilcox Hubard (97 p.). Diary, Louisiana Hubard (d. Oct. 1832), telling of her religious experiences and thoughts. Notes, 1875, part of a play, and some few reminiscences of the Civil War of Susan Wilcox Hubard; a few legal notes of Edmund Wilcox Hubard about the family of William Harris, d. 1876.

Box 33

Folder 446

Volume 50: 1832 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." Box 33, Folder 446

Edmund Wilcox Hubard (31 p.). Money taken to springs, for Edmund and Louisiana Hubard; expenses of illness and death of "Lou" there.

Box 33

Folder 447

Volume 51: 1832 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." Box 33, Folder 447

Thomas Jefferson Baird (35 p.). Lists of cattle, farm implements, etc.

Box 33

Folder 448

Volume 52: 1833-1836 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." Box 33, Folder 448

Willie W. Jones (43 p.). General accounts, Halifax, N.C.; accounts and letters about the estate of his brother, Robert A. Jones.

Box 33

Folder 449

Volume 53: 1835-1843 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." Box 33, Folder 449

Edmund Wilcox Hubard (237 p.). Money paid and received.

Oversize Volume SV-360/54

1837-1854 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." SV-360/54

R. N. Proffitt (122 p.). Plantation accounts of R. N. Proffitt, Edmund Wilcox Hubard's overseer.

Box 33

Folder 451

Volume 55: 1838 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." Box 33, Folder 451

(30 p.). Inventory of estate, Willie W. Jones, deceased, taken 9 February 1838.

Box 33

Folder 452

Volume 56: 1838-1852, 1878 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." Box 33, Folder 452

Edmund Wilcox Hubard (48 p.). Orchard book.

Box 33

Folder 453

Volume 57: 1839 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." Box 33, Folder 453

(25 p.). Scrap book, unidentified.

Box 33

Folder 454

Volume 58: 1839-1843 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." Box 33, Folder 454

Edmund Wilcox Hubard (60 p.). Small account book, kept for Edmund Wilcox Hubard, probably by an overseer.

Box 33

Folder 455

Volume 59: 1841-1842 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." Box 33, Folder 455

Edmund Wilcox Hubard (30 p.). Debts assigned, by complex route, to estate of Susanna Wilcox, deceased; notes made by Robert Thruston Hubard.

Box 33

Folder 456

Volume 60: 1841-1844 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." Box 33, Folder 456

Edmund Wilcox Hubard (114 p.). Polls, 4th Congressional district.

Box 33

Folder 457

Volume 61: 1844-1853 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." Box 33, Folder 457

Edmund Wilcox Hubard (253 p.). Money received and paid.

Box 33

Folder 458

Volume 62: 1846-1847 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." Box 33, Folder 458

Aggy Jones (4 p.). Small account book, Halifax, N.C.

Box 33

Folder 459

Volume 63: 1846-1847 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." Box 33, Folder 459

Edmund Wilcox Hubard (17 p.). A few miscellaneous accounts.

Box 33

Folder 460

Volume 64: 1848 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." Box 33, Folder 460

Members of the Hubard family (8 p.). List of people enslaved at Saratoga, allowances, meals, work assigned.

Box 33

Folder 461

Volume 65: 1848 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." Box 33, Folder 461

April-October (64 p.). Diary of unidentified woman.

Box 33

Folder 462

Volume 66: 1848-1849 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." Box 33, Folder 462

Edmund Wilcox Hubard (20 p.). Spinning and weaving accounts, Saratoga.

Box 33

Folder 463

Volume 67: 1848 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." Box 33, Folder 463

Edmund Wilcox Hubard (17 p.). Tools and stock accounts, Saratoga.

Box 34

Folder 464

Volume 68: 1848-1850 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." Box 34, Folder 464

(28 p.), Labor accounts and allowances; corn and wheat field accounts of unidentified owner.

Box 34

Folder 465a

Volume 69a: 1841-1843, 1848-1853 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." Box 34, Folder 465a

Edmund Wilcox Hubard (53 p.). Plantation accounts, including accounts concerning enslaved people, allowances, hogs produced, and other accounts.

Box 34

Folder 465b

Volume 69b: 1841-1843 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." Box 34, Folder 465b

Edmund Wilcox Hubard (19 p.). Autograph book of members of Congress.

Box 34

Folder 466

Volume 70: 1848-1869 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." Box 34, Folder 466

Edmund Wilcox Hubard (20 p.). Lyons accounts; and accounts relating to Martha Burke Jones Eppes's estate in North Carolina.

Box 34

Folder 467

Volume 71: 1849 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." Box 34, Folder 467

(22 p.). Rules for playing chess.

Box 34

Folder 468

Volume 72: 1849 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." Box 34, Folder 468

(28 p.). Miscellaneous notes on planting.

Box 34

Folder 469

Volume 73: 1850 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." Box 34, Folder 469

(43 p.). Spinning records, apparently kept by an overseer.

Box 34

Folder 470

Volume 74: 1853 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." Box 34, Folder 470

Robert Thruston Hubard (32 p.). Miscellaneous notes and accounts; list of books; memoranda of Robert Thruston.

Oversize Volume SV-360/75

1853-1858 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." SV-360/75

(62 p.). Plantation accounts, Buffalo farm, kept, in part, by a semi-literate overseer.

Box 34

Folder 472

Volume 76: 1854 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." Box 34, Folder 472

Edmund Wilcox Hubard (15 p.). Memoranda on winter clothing for enslaved people, and other notes, Buckingham County, Va.

Box 34

Folder 473

Volume 77: 1854-1864 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." Box 34, Folder 473

Edmund Wilcox Hubard (147 p.). Money paid and received.

Box 34

Folder 474

Volume 78: 1854-1865 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." Box 34, Folder 474

Edmund Wilcox Hubard (28 p.). Contracts with overseers, accounts apparently with free blacks hired to work Miss E. W. Eppes's farm, and other accounts.

Box 34

Folder 475

Volume 79: 1857 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." Box 34, Folder 475

Edmund Wilcox Hubard (46 p.). Lists of lumber and other building items.

Box 34

Folder 476

Volume 80: 1857 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." Box 34, Folder 476

(55 p.). Docket for David L. Woodfin, April term, 1857.

Box 34

Folder 477

Volume 81: 1857-1861 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." Box 34, Folder 477

Edmund Wilcox Hubard (25 p.). Bank book, Farmers Bank of Farmville.

Box 34

Folder 478

Volume 82: 1859-1863 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." Box 34, Folder 478

(44 p.). Lists of enslaved people.

Box 34

Folder 479

Volume 83: 1859-1866 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." Box 34, Folder 479

(28 p.). Miscellaneous memoranda; lists of enslaved people and other laborers working at various farms.

Box 34

Folder 480

Volume 84: 1862-1863 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." Box 34, Folder 480

Edmund Wilcox Hubard (17 p.). Bank book, Farmer's Bank.

Box 34

Folder 481

Volume 85: 1864 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." Box 34, Folder 481

W. J. Eppes and Edmund Wilcox Hubard (10 p.). estate of Martha Burke Jones Eppes, January 1864.

Box 34

Folder 482

Volume 86: 1865-1866 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." Box 34, Folder 482

(4 p.). Time table of enslaved people at Saratoga.

Oversize Volume SV-360/87

1865-1874 #00360, Series: "1752-1865." SV-360/87

Edmund Wilcox Hubard (80 p.). Money received and paid out.

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About 21 items.

Arrangement: chronological.

This subseries consists of accountbooks, notebooks, and journals concerning Hubard family agricultural, educational, travel and political matters, and physician's and lawyer's fee books.

Box 34

Folder 484

Volume 88: 1866 #00360, Series: "1866-1894." Box 34, Folder 484

Edmund Wilcox Hubard (94 p.). Miscellaneous accounts.

Box 34

Folder 485

Volume 89: 1866-1867 #00360, Series: "1866-1894." Box 34, Folder 485

Edmund Wilcox Hubard (121 p.). Miscellaneous accounts.

Box 35

Folder 486

Volume 90: 1866-1868 #00360, Series: "1866-1894." Box 35, Folder 486

Edmund Wilcox Hubard and J. E. Hubard (121 p.). Farm journal.

Box 35

Folder 487

Volume 91: 1867-1869 #00360, Series: "1866-1894." Box 35, Folder 487

Edmund Wilcox Hubard (31 p.). Expenses of a trip to Halifax, Memphis, and Jackson, Tenn., and other places on business of estate of Martha Burke Jones Eppes; and other notes.

Box 35

Folder 488a-488b

Volume 92: 1868-1870 #00360, Series: "1866-1894." Box 35, Folder 488a-488b

Susan Wilcox Hubard (42 p., enclosures). Notebook with miscellaneous writings.

Box 35

Folder 489a-489b

Volume 93: 1868-1873 #00360, Series: "1866-1894." Box 35, Folder 489a-489b

Edmund Wilcox Hubard (208 p., enclosures). Farm accounts.

Box 35

Folder 490

Volume 94: 1870 #00360, Series: "1866-1894." Box 35, Folder 490

Andrew J. Eppes (44 p.). Latin and French exercises at Saratoga.

Box 35

Folder 491a-491b

Volume 95: 1878 #00360, Series: "1866-1894." Box 35, Folder 491a-491b

(50 p.). Inventory of household articles, taken March 1870, when Mary Gamble left Saratoga; other notes. Inventory, on departure of Eliza Washington, 4 April 1871; lists of laundry sent out.

Box 35

Folder 492

Volume 96: 1872-1878 #00360, Series: "1866-1894." Box 35, Folder 492

E. W. Hubard, Jr., and W. J. Hubard (45 p.). Notes on McCauley's History of England, 1 October 1872, Saratoga; accounts.

Box 35

Folder 493

Volume 97: 1874-1879 #00360, Series: "1866-1894." Box 35, Folder 493

J. E. Hubard (138 p.). Physician's register.

Box 35

Folder 494

Volume 98: 1876-1885 #00360, Series: "1866-1894." Box 35, Folder 494

(44 p.). Scrapbook, newspaper clippings, chiefly political.

Box 36

Folder 495

Volume 99: 1877-1878 #00360, Series: "1866-1894." Box 36, Folder 495

E. W. Hubard, Jr. (36 p.). Attorney's fee book.

Box 36

Folder 496

Volume 100: 1880-1894 #00360, Series: "1866-1894." Box 36, Folder 496

J. E. Hubard (226 p.). Physician's fee book.

Oversize Volume SV-360/101

Pre-1865 and 1881-1882 #00360, Series: "1866-1894." SV-360/101

(78 p.). Lists of enslaved people; farm accounts; law notes; accounts of Susan Maury, deceased.

Box 36

Folder 498a-498b

Volume 102: 1882-1883 #00360, Series: "1866-1894." Box 36, Folder 498a-498b

(30 p., enclosures). Farm notes, clippings pertaining to same pasted in.

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E. W. Hubard, Jr., Law Notes.

6 items.
Box 36

Folder 499

Volume 103: 1875-1876 #00360, Series: "E. W. Hubard, Jr., Law Notes." Box 36, Folder 499

E. W. Hubard, Jr. (pages marked 643-675). Lithographed law notes, University of Virginia.

Box 36

Folder 500

Volume 104: 1875-1876 #00360, Series: "E. W. Hubard, Jr., Law Notes." Box 36, Folder 500

E. W. Hubard, Jr. (pages marked 675-948). Lithographed law notes, University of Virginia.

Box 36

Folder 501

Volume 105: 1875-1876 #00360, Series: "E. W. Hubard, Jr., Law Notes." Box 36, Folder 501

E. W. Hubard, Jr. (pages marked 957-1197). Lithographed law notes, University of Virginia.

Box 36

Folder 502

Volume 106: 1892 #00360, Series: "E. W. Hubard, Jr., Law Notes." Box 36, Folder 502

(36 p.). Law notes.

Box 36

Folder 503

Volume 107: 1892 #00360, Series: "E. W. Hubard, Jr., Law Notes." Box 36, Folder 503

(97 p.). Law notes.

Box 36

Folder 504

Volume 108: 1892 #00360, Series: "E. W. Hubard, Jr., Law Notes." Box 36, Folder 504

(97 p.). Law notes.

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Undated Volumes.

4 items.

This subseries consists of undated volumes containing Latin notes, lists of enslaved people, gardening notes, and recipes. Volumes appear to pre-date the Civil War.

Box 37

Folder 505

Volume 109 #00360, Series: "Undated Volumes." Box 37, Folder 505

Latin notes, Lucy P. Moseley (83 p.).

Box 37

Folder 506

Volume 110 #00360, Series: "Undated Volumes." Box 37, Folder 506

Lists of enslaved people (12 p.).

Box 37

Folder 507

Volume 111 #00360, Series: "Undated Volumes." Box 37, Folder 507

Gardening notes, recipes, various periods and handwritings (150 p.).

Box 37

Folder 508

Volume 112 #00360, Series: "Undated Volumes." Box 37, Folder 508

Latin exercises (15 p.).

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 3. Pictures.

25 items.

This series consists of photographs, cartes-de-visite, a tintype, silhouettes, and sketches. There are portraits of members of the Hubard and Bolling families and unidentified people, and sketches apparently made to accompany poems.

Image P-00360/1-5






Black and white prints of portraits of Robert Thruston Hubard, James Thruston Hubard; Sussanah Wilcox Hubard, Linnaeus Bolling, and Susan Pocahontas Bolling. #00360, Series: "3. Pictures." P-00360/1-5

Image P-00360/6

Carte-de-visite of John E. Hubard. An inscription reads: "Miss E. W. Eppes from her affectionate nephew J. E. Hubard, July 10, 1869." Anderson, photographer, Richmond, Va. #00360, Series: "3. Pictures." P-00360/6

Image P-00360/7

Carte-de-visite of a group: N. L. Berkeley, S. Leigh, J. Leigh, and J. E. Hubard. C. H. Erambert, photographer, Farmville, Va. #00360, Series: "3. Pictures." P-00360/7

Image P-00360/8

Photograph of a young woman wearing 19th century dress and hat. Richard Walze, photographer, Monumental City Palace of Artistic Photography. #00360, Series: "3. Pictures." P-00360/8

Image P-00360/9

Tintype of an unidentified girl, Abbott's Art Gallery, Huntington, W.Va. #00360, Series: "3. Pictures." P-00360/9

Image P-00360/10

Three views of a very young, unidentified child. #00360, Series: "3. Pictures." P-00360/10

Image P-00360/11-12



Paper silhouettes of an unidientified man and woman. #00360, Series: "3. Pictures." P-00360/11-12

Image P-00360/13

Colored carte-de-visite of a house, possibly Saratoga, Buckingham County, Va. C. H. Erambert, photographer, Farmville, Va. #00360, Series: "3. Pictures." P-00360/13

Image P-00360/14-19b

Sketches of ruins and landscapes, mostly European. #00360, Series: "3. Pictures." P-00360/14-19b

Image P-00360/20-22




Sketches with accompanying verses, numbered 2-4, concerning three cardplayers, including Bill Nye and Chinese players. #00360, Series: "3. Pictures." P-00360/20-22

Image P-00360/23-25




Sketches with accompanying captions, numbered 2-4, concerning "Adolphe," a tall man with a long moustache and sideburns, possibly meant to illustrate a poem. #00360, Series: "3. Pictures." P-00360/23-25

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 4. Microfilm.

6 items.

Microfilm copy of the collection. Filmed by University Publications of America for Records of Ante-Bellum Southern Plantations from the Revolution through the Civil War, Series J, Selections from the Southern Historical Collection .

Reel M-360/1

Folders 1-14 #00360, Series: "4. Microfilm." Reel M-360/1

Reel M-360/2

Folders 15-27 #00360, Series: "4. Microfilm." Reel M-360/2

Reel M-360/3

Folders 28-35 #00360, Series: "4. Microfilm." Reel M-360/3

Reel M-360/4

Folders 36-46 #00360, Series: "4. Microfilm." Reel M-360/4

Reel M-360/5

Folders 47-56 #00360, Series: "4. Microfilm." Reel M-360/5

Reel M-360/6

Folders 57-66 #00360, Series: "4. Microfilm." Reel M-360/6

Reel M-360/7

Folders 67-75 #00360, Series: "4. Microfilm." Reel M-360/7

Reel M-360/8

Folders 76-83 #00360, Series: "4. Microfilm." Reel M-360/8

Reel M-360/9

Folders 84-94 #00360, Series: "4. Microfilm." Reel M-360/9

Reel M-360/10

Folders 95-104 #00360, Series: "4. Microfilm." Reel M-360/10

Reel M-360/11

Folders 105-113 #00360, Series: "4. Microfilm." Reel M-360/11

Reel M-360/12

Folders 114-120 #00360, Series: "4. Microfilm." Reel M-360/12

Reel M-360/13

Folders 121-128 #00360, Series: "4. Microfilm." Reel M-360/13

Reel M-360/14

Folders 129-137 #00360, Series: "4. Microfilm." Reel M-360/14

Reel M-360/15

Folders 138-146 #00360, Series: "4. Microfilm." Reel M-360/15

Reel M-360/16

Folders 147-157 #00360, Series: "4. Microfilm." Reel M-360/16

Reel M-360/17

Folders 158-169 #00360, Series: "4. Microfilm." Reel M-360/17

Reel M-360/18

Folders 170-180 #00360, Series: "4. Microfilm." Reel M-360/18

Reel M-360/19

Folders 181-194 #00360, Series: "4. Microfilm." Reel M-360/19

Reel M-360/20

Folders 363-369, 378-382 #00360, Series: "4. Microfilm." Reel M-360/20

Reel M-360/21

Folders 383-392 #00360, Series: "4. Microfilm." Reel M-360/21

Reel M-360/22

Folders 397-409 #00360, Series: "4. Microfilm." Reel M-360/22

Reel M-360/23

Folders 410a-421 #00360, Series: "4. Microfilm." Reel M-360/23

Reel M-360/24

Folders 422-441 #00360, Series: "4. Microfilm." Reel M-360/24

Reel M-360/25

Folders 442-456 #00360, Series: "4. Microfilm." Reel M-360/25

Reel M-360/26

Folders 457-483, 505-508, and P-360/1-25 #00360, Series: "4. Microfilm." Reel M-360/26

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Items Separated

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Processing Information

Processed by: Ellen R. Strong, 1964; Erik D. France with assistance from Mike Workman, April 1990; Dawne Howard Lucas, March 2020

Encoded by: ByteManagers Inc., 2008

Revised by: Dawne Lucas, March 2020 (box-level container information added and series arrangement simplified).

Conscious Editing Work by: Nancy Kaiser, May 2020. Updated abstract, subject headings, and scope and content note.

Updated by: Laura Hart, March 2021

Since August 2017, we have added ethnic and racial identities for individuals and families represented in collections. To determine identity, we rely on self-identification; other information supplied to the repository by collection creators or sources; public records, press accounts, and secondary sources; and contextual information in the collection materials. Omissions of ethnic and racial identities in finding aids created or updated after August 2017 are an indication of insufficient information to make an educated guess or an individual's preference for identity information to be excluded from description. When we have misidentified, please let us know at

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