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|Size||1.0 feet of linear shelf space (approximately 200 items)|
|Abstract||Francis Joseph Kron was a physician and horticulturist of Stanly County, N.C. The collection includes family letters, 1846-1847 and 1860-1876; school notebooks; an account book, 1848-1882; a diary, 1835; botanical drawings, circa 1870; materials realting to the settlement of an estate; family history materials; a genealogy of former Kron slaves; and other items relating to Francis Joseph Kron and members of his family, especially his daughters, Elizabeth (1831-1896) and Adele (1828-1910), who attended St. Mary's School in Raleigh, N.C., 1846-1847.|
|Creator||Kron, Francis Joseph, 1798-1883.|
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Francis Joseph Kron was born in Trier, Prussia, 14 November 1798. In June 1823, he married Mary Catherine Delamothe of Tours, France, and emigrated with her to Montgomery County, N.C., in the fall of that year. Although no evidence can be found in the records of the University of North Carolina, Kron recorded in his diary that he had taught French at the University, 1824-1826. During the winter of 1829-1830, he attended the University of Pennsylvania Medical School. In 1834, he moved his family, which now included two daughters, Adelaide (or Adele) (12 September 1828-4 February 1910), and Elizabeth (5 February 1831-14 February 1896) to Stanly County, N.C., where he lived out his life. His daughters, neither of whom married, attended St. Mary's School in Raleigh in 1846 and 1847. The date of death on Kron's tombstone appears to read "20 July 1883," although some have suggested that the actual year of death was 1888.
For further biographical information, see Volume 5.Back to Top
The collection includes family letters, 1846-1847 and 1860-1876; school notebooks; an account book, 1848-1882; a diary, 1835; botanical drawings, circa 1870; materials realting to the settlement of an estate; family history materials; and other items relating to Francis Joseph Kron and members of his the Kron family of Stanly County, N.C., especially his daughters, Elizabeth Kron (1831-1896) and Adele Kron (1828-1910), who attended St. Mary's School in Raleigh, N.C., 1846-1847.Back to Top
Fifteen letters from Kron and his wife to their daughters, Elizabeth and Adele (or Adelaide), who were at St. Mary's School in Raleigh, 1846-1847, and ten later letters concerning legal matters. The earlier letters are in French and are described individually below; a summary of the later letters follows these descriptions. See the final eleven pages of Volume 15 for what appear to be copies or drafts of other letters written by Francis Joseph Kron.
|28 April 1846||From Mary Catherine Kron, written two weeks after the departure of Adele and Elizabeth from Attaway Hill, about weather, strawberries, and flowers, exhorting the girls to write weekly. Addendum, from Francis Joseph Kron, under same seal, about learning and the unimportance of others' opinions, exhorting his daughters to write.|
|4 December 1846||From Francis Joseph Kron to Elizabeth Kron (and signed by Mary Catherine Kron), wishing her well in her studies, expressing hope that she has become accustomed to her new surroundings, telling of his adventures on a return trip from Raleigh to Albemarle, N.C. (a near disastrous coach accident in which winds overturned the carriage), and giving domestic news.|
|15 December 1846||From Francis Joseph Kron to Adele Kron at St. Mary's School, about good, spring like weather; domestic news; [Willis?] Morgan's leaving, offering land to Kron; plantation news; and advice against imprudent correspondence. Addendum, from Mary Catherine Kron, about fashion news.|
|10 January 1847||From Mary Catherine Kron to Elizabeth and Adele, about sadness at not accompanying her husband to visit the girls; social and weather news; clothing and a cake to be sent.|
|4 February 1847||From Mary Catherine Kron, promising to make a bouquet, not being able to send a cake; noting that both girls were sick; and discussing gossip of the neighborhood, news of the birth of a new lamb, and the weather.|
|4 February 1847||From Francis Joseph Kron, sending sixteenth birthday greetings to Elizabeth, and expressing sadness at separation for the birthday, reflecting on her birth just after their move to North Carolina; and about heavy storms after spring like weather; planting vines, strawberry plants, and flowers; the importance of studying the world and their own surroundings, and admiring and pursuing the ideal; and marriages in the neighborhood.|
|7 February 1847||From Mary Catherine Kron, about sickness in the area, how busy their father is (a doctor's job is too difficult in America), and offering motherly advice. 26 February 1847 (on the same sheet), from Francis Joseph Kron, referring to legal struggles.|
|19 February 1847||From Francis Joseph Kron, about news of patients, his large strawberries, and his hope of receiving a photograph of both of them.|
|21 January 1847||From Francis Joseph Kron in Raleigh, where he is tending to business at the Supreme Court, regretting not visiting them at St. Mary's; suggesting that the girls visit a Mr. Bryan, who is representing the Krons in court; advising his daughters to continue their friendship with Dr. Mason and on friendship generally and their studies; and noting that St. Mary's is good for learning the ways of the world, but little else (such institutions are in business to make money).|
|27 January 1847||From Francis Joseph Kron, with news of sickness and marriage in the area, describing the room from which he was writing, and mentioning his return from Raleigh, with a complaint that no railroad exists in the region. Addendum, from Mary Catherine Kron, noting how glad she is to hear that her daughters are well.|
|4 March 1847||From Mary Catherine Kron, complaining of a fever and cold March weather, noting that despite his own cold, her husband is visiting the sick, and that Superior Court is meeting to decide their case; and mentioning the beauty of their flower garden, the importance of polite society, and marriages in the area. 5 March 1847 (on the same sheet), from Francis Joseph Kron, including news of colds; noting that when not tending the sick he appears in Albemarle to reassure people that he is well, and to disappoint the young who hope to take over his practice; and mentioning court news, a trip to Fayetteville for supplies, and a possible trip to northern cities.|
|17 March 1847||From Francis Joseph Kron, noting cold weather, swelling rivers, and good supplies of fresh water fish; describing a marriage in Albemarle; mentioning local gossip; and pointing out the importance of writing in the improvement of reasoning, autonomous judgment, and observation. Addendum, from Mary Catherine Kron, discussing how the flowers are faring in the harsh weather, the work load of Francis Joseph Kron, and preparations for Easter and the advantages of Lenten denial.|
|1 April 1847||From Francis Joseph Kron in Fayetteville, explaining that he has had to pick up supplies ordered from Philadelphia (mentioned in letter of March 5); describing Fayetteville, which has been ravaged by fire so often that people are afraid to build anything flammable, and noting that the only reason to go there is to say you have been; and asking his daughters to be ready for his arrival around the 15th, not to plan to bring plants along, and to make a list of debts to repay before their departure.|
|8 April 1847||From Francis Joseph Kron, noting the beauty of our country as opposed to the city (the life of convention); mentioning the increase in the number of sick, especially the poor; asking that Mr. Smedes have his accounts ready so that their departure will not be delayed; indicating that they should fit all their possessions in their trunks; and noting that politeness demands that they visit the families who hosted the girls on Saturdays.|
|11 April 1847||From Mary Catherine Kron, expressing fear that overwork may exhaust her husband just as he is to pick up the girls (the next day); asking the girls to thank all those at St. Mary's for their benevolence and friendship; mentioning the need for needles and thread for sewing during the vacation; and requesting a few items of clothing from Raleigh.|
The remaining items are letters from and between Kron's lawyers, especially Thomas S. Ashe (1812-1887), concerning court cases, mostly in 1860, with a few items dated later. There are three letters from Ashe; two letters (that Ashe must have sent along to Kron) to Ashe from other attorneys; three letters to Kron from attorneys in Marion, Ala.; a letter to Kron from Ralph Potts Buxton (1826-1900) about grape cultivation; and a letter to him from the Congres International des Americanistes in Luxembourg.
Legal papers relating to the disputed estate of Henry Delamothe (d. 1839), uncle of Mary Catherine Kron, including a copy of his will and a prenuptual agreement between Delamothe's widow, Bethany, and Willis Morgan; a genealogy of a family of former Kron slaves, also named Kron (perhaps the family to whom Adele attempted to leave her estate); a copy of the oath of allegiance to the State of North Carolina of Mary C. Kron; and class tickets from the Academie de Paris, 1821 and 1823, and from the University of Pennsylvania Medical Department, 1829-1830.
Early pages missing and later pages blank, inside front and back covers carrying family data in French, presumably by Francis Joseph Kron. (V-408/1) (Microfilm available.)
In 9 sections, chiefly concerning Kron's horticultural activities. (V-408/2) (Microfilm available.)
Record book of house calls and medical fees, 1860-1882. 160 pages #00408, Series: "3. Volumes, 1823-1882 and undated." Folder 8
The bulk of the entries fall between 1860 and 1869. There is a newspaper clipping (1952), filed inside the front cover of the volume, concerning Kron. (V-408/3) (Microfilm available.)
Partially filled, chiefly containing chemical formula and lists of plants to be used in the process of dye making. (V-408/4) (Microfilm available.)
Dr. Francis J. Kron: A Report Prepared for the Division of State Parks, North Carolina Department of Conservation and Development by Robert O. Poplin Jr., 1958 #00408, Series: "3. Volumes, 1823-1882 and undated." Folder 10
Includes an account of Kron's life as well as research about the Kron homesite. The appendix contains a transcription of Kron's diary (Volume 15) and other documents relating to Kron and his family. (V-408/5)
Cover inscribed "E. Kron, 16 September 1843." Includes addresses of shops in New York and Paris and listing varieties of farm animals and fowl, roses, trees, bushes, flowers, herbs, fruit trees, and dye recipes. Pages numbered 1-80, with pages 9-20 missing and 56-70 blank. (V-408/6)
School notebook, 1946. About 17 pages #00408, Series: "3. Volumes, 1823-1882 and undated." Folder 11
Small school notebook inscribed "Elizabeth Kron, 2 December 1846, St. Mary's Hall." Contains student essays and letters with teachers' comments, especially criticisms of penmanship. (V-408/7)
Small school notebook, inscribed "Elizabeth Kron, St. Mary's, 1847." Contains poetry. (V-408/8)
Small school notebook, inscribed "Elizabeth Kron's Poetry Book, St. Mary's, March 11th 1847. (V-408/9)"
Small school notebook, inscribed "Miss Adelaide Kron." Contains geometry exercises. (V-408/10)
Small school notebook, inscribed "Miss Adele Kron." Contains list of authors and books by type or subject. (V-408/11)
Small school notebook. Contains lists of fruit and nut trees, fruit vines and bushes, and flowers. (V-408/12)
Chiefly contains Bible verse citations. (V-408/13)
Francis Joseph Kron diary, 14 November to 7 December 1835 #00408, Series: "3. Volumes, 1823-1882 and undated." Folder 14
Includes biographical information and discussions of Kron's patients and his neighbors, and of weather conditions. Kron described at some length the social, economic, intellectual, and medical conditions on the rough frontier where he made his home and found them all deplorable. The final eleven pages consist of what appear to be copies of letters sent by Kron to book dealers, medical equipment and horticulture suppliers, and other physicians. Volume 14 is a transcription, which researchers should use instead of the original diary (volume 15), which is fragile. (V-408/15)
|Image Folder PF-408/1|
|Special Format Image SF-P-408/2|
|Special Format Image SF-P-408/3|
|Special Format Image SF-P-408/4|
Album of botanical drawings by Elizabeth and Adele Kron. The drawings were removed from thealbum in which they were received, and slides were made from them. A complete list of drawings is filed in the box with the drawings.
|Photograph Album PA-408/1|
Image Folder PF-408/2-3
Processed by: Manuscripts Department Staff, 1982-1987
Encoded by: Roslyn Holdzkom, November 2006
Updated by: Kathryn Michaelis, November 2009; Nancy Kaiser, November 2020; Laura Hart, March 2021
Diacritics and other special characters have been omitted from this finding aid to facilitate keyword searching in web browsers.Back to Top