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|Size||About 650 items (3.5 linear feet)|
|Abstract||The collection includes family correspondence, financial and legal papers, and other items of the extended family of Exum Lewis (d. circa 1839), a white planter, postmaster, and county court justice in Edgecombe County, N.C. Most of the papers relate to eastern North Carolina, but there are a number of letters from family members in Alabama and Mississippi. Topics discussed include health, births and deaths, clothing, agriculture, and other routine matters. There are a number of letters from family members and friends that discuss 19th-century student life at the University of North Carolina. Political matters are only mentioned occasionally, and Civil War letters dwell chiefly on concerns of the homefront. There are also records relating to land sales, purchases, and ownership; items relating to plantation business, including the condition of slaves; an 1857 travel diary, perhaps belonging to Ivey Foreman Lewis (1833-1884), describing a trip to Europe; and notes for lectures, 1883-1887, on physiology and hygiene by Richard Henry Lewis (1832-1917). There are also photograph albums and scrapbooks relating to Richard Henry Lewis's grandson McDaniel Lewis (1894-1978) and his first wife Lynnwood Cook Lewis (1896-1964), their daughters Margaret (b. 1920) and Mary Lynn (b. 1926), and their grandchildren.|
|Creator||Lewis (Family : Edgecombe County, N.C.)|
The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.
Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.
Lewis family members include Exum Lewis (d. ca. 1839), planter, postmaster, and county court justice of Mount Prospect Plantation, Edgecombe County, N.C. Prominent in the papers are Exum Lewis; his son Kenelm Harrison Lewis (1816-1866) and Kenelm's wife, Elizabeth Heritage Bryan Lewis (fl. 1842-1884), and her father, John Heritage Bryan (1798-1870); and Exum's other sons, Richard Henry Lewis (1806-1857), and William Figures Lewis (1819-1910). Included are materials of the related Bryan family. There are also papers of the Bradley family of Mount Prospect, whose relation to the other families is unknown.
These papers are of the Lewis, Battle, Bryan, and Bradley families of Edgecombe, Orange, and Wake counties, N.C. Note that it is often difficult to identify individuals because of the repetition of given names in succeeding generations and among contemporaries in different Lewis lines. There are, for example, at least four Exum Lewises and the same number of Richard Henry Lewises represented in this collection.
Exum Lewis (d. circa 1839), son of Col. Exum Lewis (d. 1796) of the Edgecombe militia, was postmaster and county court justice for Edgecombe County, N.C. He married Ann Harrison (fl. 1804-1819), with whom he had eight children, including John Wesley (1804-1842), Exum (fl. 1839-1875), Richard H. (1806-1857), Kenelm Harrison (1816-1866), William Figures (1819-1910), and Emma (fl. 1836-1895), later Emma Speight. Two other daughters, Mary, wife of Thomas Hunter of Halifax County, N.C., and Elizabeth (fl. 1839-1882), wife of Col. Spier Whitaker, are rarely mentioned in the collection. Exum's brother Figures (fl. 1796-1808) and his nephew Robert (fl. 1808-1813) also appear in the collection.
John Wesley Lewis (1804-1842), a physician, married Catherine Ann Battle (1809-1879), daughter of Joel and Mary Battle, around 1829. After John's death in 1842, Catherine moved the family to Chapel Hill, N.C., where she operated a boarding house. Their children included physician Joel Battle Lewis (1830-1870); physician and teacher, Richard Henry Lewis (1832-1917); civil engineer and Confederate veteran William Gaston Lewis (1835-1901); Exum Lewis (1837-1888); Christopher Columbus "Lum" Lewis (1840-1914); and Anna Harrison Lewis (1841-1920).
Exum Lewis (fl. 1835-1875), a physician, married Jane Cotton. Their daughter, Clio Cotton Lewis, married her cousin, John Francis Speight, Jr. (1841-1885).
Richard Henry Lewis (1806-1857), a planter, first married Mary E. Foreman (fl. 1833). Their children included the Alabama planter and Confederate veteran Ivey Foreman Lewis (1833-1884) and Mary Foreman Lewis (fl. 1850-1863), wife of Confederate General W. J. Hardee (1815-1873) (see Lewis Plantation Papers, #2528). Lewis next married Martha Elizabeth Hoskins Foreman, widow of John Foreman, Lewis's first wife's brother. Their son, Richard Henry Lewis (1850-1926), a physician, first married Cornelia Viola Battle (fl. 1877-1886) with whom he had four children. His second wife was Mary Long Gordon of Charlottesville, Va. Their only daughter was newswoman and feminist Nell (Cornelia) Battle Lewis (1893-1956).
Kenelm Harrison Lewis (1816-1866), a planter in Edgecombe County, N.C., married Elizabeth Heritage Bryan (fl. 1832-1858). They had at least two children, John Bryan Lewis (fl. 1858-1899) and Anna Lewis. Kenelm's father-in-law, John Heritage Bryan (1798-1870), was a prominent Whig congressman and Episcopal layman of New Bern and Raleigh, N.C. He and his wife, Mary Williams Shepard (1801-1881), had fourteen children, including Francis Theodore Bryan (b. 1823), Confederate Captain George Pettigrew Bryan (1841-1864), Frederick Richard Bryan (1846-1863), Mary Shepard (Bryan) Speight (1824-1894), and Elizabeth ("Bettie") Heritage Bryan (b. 1832).
Richard Henry Lewis (1832-1917) of Kinston, N.C., married Eleanor Mildred Betts (1844-1914) in 1863. Among their children was Elisha Betts Lewis (1867-1935), who married Dora McDaniel (1869-1919) in 1890. Elisha and Dora Lewis had five sons and one daughter, among whom was investment banker McDaniel Lewis (1894-1978), active both socially and politically in Greensboro, N.C. Lewis was a 1916 graduate of the University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill and worked as an English teacher before being commissioned into the United States Army at the end of World War I. He eventually served two years. In 1917 he married Lynnwood Adams Cook (1896-1964) of Danville, Va.; their children were Margaret Betts Lewis (b. 1920) and Mary Lynn Lewis (b. 1926). Margaret married Hugh Beard (b. 1919), and had two sons. Mary Lynn married Marshall Johnson (1923-1977) in 1947 and had one son and two daughters. After Johnson's divorce, Mary Lynn married Frederic Beil (1923-1987) in 1980. After Beil's death, Mary Lynn once again remarried, this time to Capt. Walter S. Delany Jr, USN (Ret.).
Planter William Figures Lewis (1819-1910) lived at the Mount Prospect Plantation in Edgecombe County. He married Annie Barlow Foxhall in 1872. Emma Lewis (fl. 1836-1895) married John Francis Speight (fl. 1804-1860), pastor and president of the North Carolina Conference of the Methodist Protestant Church in 1840 (see John Francis Speight Papers, #3914).
Stephan Bradley (fl. 1814-1842) lived at Mount Prospect in the early 19th century. He and his Tennessee relations were apparently farmers. The relationship of the Bradleys with the other families mentioned above is unclear.Back to Top
The collection includes family correspondence; financial and legal papers, including, bills, receipts, accounts, land records, inventories, wills, powers of attorney, and the presidential pardons of William F. Lewis and Kenelm H. Lewis; and other items of the extended family of Exum Lewis (d. 1839). Most of the papers relate to eastern North Carolina. There are, however, a number of letters from other southeastern states, particularly Alabama and Mississippi. Correspondence has been divided by family into Lewis, Bryan, and Bradley subseries. Topics discussed include health, births and deaths, clothing, agriculture, and other routine matters. There are a number of letters from family members and friends that discuss 19th-century student life at the University of North Carolina. Political matters are only mentioned occasionally (see Subseries 1.1 letters of 22 May 1833, 7 May 1837, 1854, and 7 July 1858; Subseries 2.1). Civil War letters dwell chiefly on concerns of the homefront: moving slaves into the interior of the state to prevent their escape to Union lines, hiring substitutes, and fears of invading armies. Although there were several physicians in the family, there are only occasional references to that profession or its practice.
Records relating to land sales, purchases, and ownership have been grouped together in land records. Lewis letters limited to business or legal matters are filed in financial and legal papers. Other papers include a list of revolutionary era militia officers for Edgecombe County; a 19th-century copy of the act incorporating Edgecombe County; 19th-century notes on the North Carolina military of 1764; a map of the lower Mississippi Territory, 1798-1812; sermon notes; the words to two folk songs; 19th-century college essays and notes; an 1840 "Catalogue of the Trustees, Faculty, and Students of the University of North Carolina," with an attached handwritten oration by W. F. Lewis; a European travel diary dated 1857; and notes for lectures, 1883-1887, on physiology and hygiene. There are also genealogical notes and biographies of various family members. Finally, there are eight photo albums and scrapbooks and a small collection of photographs, which relate to the lives of McDaniel Lewis, his wife Lynnwood Cook Lewis, their daughters Margaret Betts Lewis Beard and Mary Lynn Lewis Johnson (later Beil and DeLany), and their five grandchildren.Back to Top
Most of the early letters are to Exum Lewis (fl. 1796-1839) and concern family matters and news. In the 1830s, the correspondents are increasingly his children and their families. The majority of the letters relate to eastern North Carolina. There are, however, a number of letters from other southeastern states, particularly Alabama and Mississippi, where Figures Lewis (fl. 1796-1808) was a justice of the peace in 1803, and where Ivey Foreman Lewis (1833-1884) owned several plantations. Topics discussed include family health, births and deaths, religion, clothing, agriculture, and other routine matters. Political issues are only occasionally mentioned (see letters of 22 May 1833, 7 May 1837, 1854, and 7 July 1858). Civil War letters dwell chiefly on concerns of the homefront: moving slaves into the interior of the state to prevent their escape to Union lines, hiring substitutes, and fears of invading armies. Although there were several physicians in the family there are only occasional mentions of that profession or its practice.
There are a number of letters from family members and friends that discuss student life at the University of North Carolina during the 19th century. Family members who attended the University include Richard Henry Lewis, (1806-1857), A.B. 1827; Kenelm Harrison Lewis (1816-1866), A.B. 1838; William Figures Lewis (1819-1910), A.B. 1842; Richard Henry Lewis (1832-1927), A.B. 1852; Ivey Foreman Lewis (1833-1884), A.B. 1854; William Gaston Lewis (1835-1891), A.B. 1855; Christopher Columbus Lewis (1840-1914), attended 1855-1856; Exum Lewis (1837-1888), A.B. 1857; and Richard Henry Lewis (1850-1926), attended 1866-1868. Later items include two 1876 letters from William Figures Lewis to his nephew John Bryan Lewis, regarding his plans to write a history of the University of North Carolina.
In addition to members of the Lewis, Bryan, and Bradley families, correspondents include: Robert Donaldson (1809), George W. Ruffin (1842), Alexander H. Moore and Exum L. Whitaker (1843-1844), Richard T. Jones (1843), William Macnair (1854), D. R. McRae (1858), J. G. Fort (1860s), William S. Pettigrew (1863), B. F. Moore (1863), James S. Green and Henry R. Bryan (1864), R. H. Speight (1867), and Fred W. Jones (1867).
Also included are photocopies of a field message from General Stonewall Jackson to Col. Gaston Lewis and of a piece of the tail of Old Sorrel, General Jackson's war horse.
Early Bryan family correspondence consists of letters to John Heritage Bryan from associates regarding financial matters, the application of his son Francis Theodore Bryan to the United States Military Academy, Whig politics, and the National Bank. After 1848, correspondence is chiefly that of Elizabeth ("Bettie") Bryan, including several letters from her mother, Mary Williams Shepard Bryan, discussing family and neighborhood news, the conversion of Episcopal Bishop Levi Ives to Roman Catholicism and the community's negative reaction, and news of Lincoln's election. She also received letters from friends and other members of the Bryan family, mostly concerned with social events and everyday life, and a letter from her future husband, Kenelm Harrison Lewis, informing her of the death of his brother Richard H. Lewis. There are also letters between other members of the Bryan family, including one letter from Mary Shepard Bryan Speight in 1852, describing a voyage to Mobile, Ala., on a steamer, a spectacular murder case in that city, and social and family news, and several letters concerning the death of Captain George Pettigrew Bryan in battle in 1864.
There are few items after 1866. These include a letter dated 16 February 1868 to Bettie from her mother advising her to hire a "good white woman" to help her and giving her financial advice, an 1884 agreement between Bettie Bryan Lewis and several freedmen to rent her land, and two 1886 letters regarding Captain George Pettigrew Bryan's miliary career.
Undated items include Bryan family letters regarding family and social news, wedding and other social invitations, letters of condolence on the death of Fred Bryan, and a letter from Francis T. Bryan to his father John H. Bryan describing his work in Washington, D.C., and his army career in Mexico.
Chiefly correspondence of Stephan Bradley (fl. 1814-1842) of Mount Prospect in Edgecombe County, N.C., from his family in Gibson County, Tenn. The relationship of the Bradleys to the Lewises and the Bryans is unknown.
The majority of the deeds and land grants in this series are for property in northeastern North Carolina. In many cases, however, the relationship of the grantors and/or grantees or their significance to the Lewis family is unclear.
The earliest material belongs to Exum Lewis (fl. 1796-1839) and includes documents granting power of attorney to Lewis from various family members and resolutions of thanks adopted by the Edgecombe County court upon his resignation as presiding justice. Also included are scattered receipts for food, ale, cigars, clothing, books, and other household items; a receipt for papering two rooms; and doctor's bills for slaves. Several slight account books and account fragments are interfiled with the documents. Undated slave documents are located at the end of folder 22.
Included are: a list of revolutionary era militia officers for Edgecombe County; a 19th-century copy of the act incorporating Edgecombe County; 19th century notes on the North Carolina military of 1764; a brief description (largely illegible) of a trip from North Carolina to Tennessee (circa 1796-); a map of the lower Mississippi Territory (1798-1812); sermon notes; and the words to two folk songs, "O Brandy" and "Nelly." On the reverse of "O Brandy" is a crude map, possibly of Indian trading paths, including translations of several Indian phrases. Also included are 19th-century college essays and notes on subjects as diverse as "Life," "The U.S. Navy," and theories of heat; a cure for the dropsy; a dye recipe; an 1857 European travel diary; and a small notebook containing notes for lectures on physiology and hygiene.
The travel diary, covering 20 June 1857-August 1857, describes a trip to Europe including descriptions of leaving New York, arriving in Liverpool, major tourist sights in London, Paris, and Belgium, and a boat trip down the Rhine River. There are also descriptions of social life and sights of Baden Baden and descriptions of the prison associated with the castle there and the Roman baths. Also described are trips in Switzerland and back through France and England. The writer is unidentified, and the diary itself does not indicate whether the writer was a man or a woman, but it is known that Ivey Foreman Lewis (1833-1884) took his bride and his sister Mary on a European trip. It is probable that one of this group kept the diary.
The notes of lectures on physiology and hygiene belonged to Richard Henry Lewis (1832-1917), Kinston, N.C. Notations on the title page indicate that these lectures were given at the University Normal School in 1883 and 1884 and several other places in North Carolina, 1883-1887.
There are five late 19th-century photographs: an 1888 photograph of Spier Whitaker; two photographs, 1894 and 1897, of William Lewis Hunter; and two undated photographs, one of Mrs. E. Whitaker and the other of Lavator Brainard Lewis. Also included are two photographs [1998?], of "A map of North Carolina for Nature Lovers," published by the Garden Club of North Carolina in 1937.
|Image Folder PF-427/1|
Miscellaneous genealogical notes; a large genealogical chart compiled from available information as of Christmas 1953 by Meriwether Lewis and Marianna LaRoque Lewis, Kinston, N.C., updated May 1990 by Marianna LaRoque Lewis and Marjorie Lewis Bryan, charted by Mary Lynn Lewis Beil, with additional notations as late as 1996; "Genealogy of the Moore, Lowe, and Lewis families of North Carolina," compiled by Edward A. Claypool, circa 1905; and an autobiographical sketch of the life of Richard Henry Lewis (1832-1917), written around 1893 and transcribed by McDaniel Lewis in 1956. This volume includes the Kinston College annual commencement concert program for 1884. Also included is a photocopy of an undated article from the Kinston newspaper, "The old Lewis School," about the educational career of Richard Henry Lewis (1832-1917).
Contains one folder of photographs, eight photo albums and scrapbooks containing mainly photographs of the McDaniel Lewis family and friends, but also letters, telegrams, tickets, invitations, announcements, newspaper articles, birthday and greeting cards, certificates, and awards. The bulk of the materials focus on the 1910s, especially materials from McDaniel Lewis's stay at UNC and as an officer at the end of World War I.
Other Papers #00427, Series: "6. Papers, Scrapbooks, and Photographs (Addition of May 2007). " Folder 31
Contains three typed accounts--one by Mary Lynn Lewis DeLany about Carolina Football in her youth, a history of the etchings on North Carolina by Louis Orr by Robert Lee Humber, and biographical information on McDaniel Lewis from 1978.
|Image Folder PF-00427/2|
|Oversize Volume SV-00427/1||
Photograph Album, circa 1910s #00427, Series: "6. Papers, Scrapbooks, and Photographs (Addition of May 2007). " SV-00427/1
Photograph album created by McDaniel Lewis of family and friends.
|Oversize Volume SV-00427/2||
Photograph Album, 1911-1913 #00427, Series: "6. Papers, Scrapbooks, and Photographs (Addition of May 2007). " SV-00427/2
Photograph album created by McDaniel Lewis of family and friends.
|Oversize Volume SV-00427/3||
Photograph Album, 1911-1916 #00427, Series: "6. Papers, Scrapbooks, and Photographs (Addition of May 2007). " SV-00427/3
Photograph album created by McDaniel Lewis during his University of North Carolina career, containing several hundred photographs of campus, sports teams, especially the baseball team and intramural sports, family photos, photos of Lynnwood Cook, along with tickets, invitations, and announcements. Many of the photographs are labeled and dated.
|Oversize Volume SV-00427/4||
Photograph Album, 1914-1916 #00427, Series: "6. Papers, Scrapbooks, and Photographs (Addition of May 2007). " SV-00427/4
Photograph album collected by Lynnwood Cook Lewis, containing images of the University of North Carolina and Meredith College.
|Oversize Volume SV-00427/5||
Photograph Album, 1917-1919 #00427, Series: "6. Papers, Scrapbooks, and Photographs (Addition of May 2007). " SV-00427/5
Photograph album assembled by McDaniel Lewis containing photographs of Officers Training Camp at Chickamauga and photographs of Paris.
|Oversize Volume SV-00427/6||
Photograph Album, 1918-1979 #00427, Series: "6. Papers, Scrapbooks, and Photographs (Addition of May 2007). " SV-00427/6
Binder containing certificates, awards, and large photographs relating to the life of McDaniel Lewis.
|Oversize Volume SV-00427/7||
Photograph Album, 1896-1963 #00427, Series: "6. Papers, Scrapbooks, and Photographs (Addition of May 2007). " SV-00427/7
Red scrapbook assembled by Lynnwood Cook Lewis for her daughter, Mary Lynn Lewis Johnson, containing letters, photographs, telegrams, greeting cards, articles, and announcements relating to the lives of McDaniel Lewis, Lynnwood Lewis, Margaret and Hugh Beard and their children, and Mary Lynn Lewis and Marshall Johnson and their children.
|Oversize Volume SV-00427/8||
Photograph Album, 1912-1978 #00427, Series: "6. Papers, Scrapbooks, and Photographs (Addition of May 2007). " SV-00427/8
Brown binder assembled by McDaniel Lewis containing photographs, registration cards and report cards, and telegrams.
|Image Folder PF-00427/3|
|Oversize Volume SV-00427/9||
Ledger of Richard H. Lewis, 1882-1892 #00427, Series: "7. Family Papers and Photographs (Addition of March 2012). " SV-00427/9
Kirston College, 1882-1889 and Judson College, 1889-1892.
|Rolled Item R-00427/1|
Image folders: PF-00427/1-3
Oversize volumes: SV-00427/1-9
Rolled item: R-00427/1Back to Top
Processed by: Scott Philyaw with Elizabeth Pauk, March 1992
Encoded by: Linda Sellars, June 2002
Updated by: Amy Johnson, 2007; Nancy Kaiser, November 2020
The Mount Prospect Papers (#3211) have been merged with this collection.
This collection was rehoused under the sponsorhsip of a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities, Office of Preservation, Washington, D.C., 1990-1992.
Updated: April 2019Back to Top