Collection Number: 00613

Collection Title: Prudhomme Family Papers 1765-1997

This collection has access restrictions. For details, please see the restrictions.

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the Duplication Policy section for more information.

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Size 41.0 feet of linear shelf space (approximately 16,375 items)
Abstract The Prudhomme family of Natchitoches Parish, La., were the French Creole owners of a plantation based on a workforce of enslaved people and later tenant farmers, sharecroppers, and day laborers, with interests in cotton, corn, hay, lumber, livestock, and a general store. Six generations of Prudhommes and enslaved people and their descendents, spanning the 19th and 20th centuries, lived at Bermuda plantation (later called Oakland). The collection documents life and labor on the plantation from the perspective of the plantation owning family members. Topics include courtship and marriage; sickness; social activities; travel; agricultural and general store operations at Bermuda/Oakland plantation, including accounts with sharecroppers, tenants, and hired laborers, many of whom were freedmen; relationships with other Cane River plantation owners and businesses across the country; the succession of plantation ownership; accounting records of the plantation physician, James A. Leveque; genealogy and historic preservation; and school, religious, military, political, and club activities. Other families represented in the collection are the Cloutiers, Lecomtes, and Metoyers of Natchitoches area, and the Keator family of Webster Groves, Mo. Other plantations represented in the collection are Magnolia, Shallow Lake, Vienna, Gente Place Coco Point, Homeplace, and Cognac in Natchitoches Parish and nighboring parishes. Collection materials include correspondence, writings, scrapbooks, photographic materials, financial records, genealogical and family history materials, maps and plats, and audiovisual materials. Many 18th- and 19th-century materials are in French.
Creator Prudhomme (Family : Natchitoches Parish, La.)
Curatorial Unit University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Southern Historical Collection.
Language English. French.
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Restrictions to Access
Use of audio and film materials may require production of listening or viewing copies.
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the Prudhomme Family Papers #613, Southern Historical Collection, Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Received from Edward C. Prudhomme of Bermuda, La., in 1938; from Mrs. Edward Prudhomme, also of Bermuda, in 1948; from the Prudhomme family in 1999-2001 (Acc. 98382, 98494, 98744, 99147), in memory of J. Alphonse and Lucile Keator Prudhomme; and from Elizabeth Brown Nettleton of Shreveport, La., in 2001 (Acc. 99119).
Sensitive Materials Statement
Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, the North Carolina Public Records Act (N.C.G.S. § 132 1 et seq.), and Article 7 of the North Carolina State Personnel Act (Privacy of State Employee Personnel Records, N.C.G.S. § 126-22 et seq.). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill assumes no responsibility.
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Processed by: Nancy Kaiser, April 2001

Encoded by: Nancy Kaiser, April 2001

Revisions: Kathryn Michaelis, 2010; Nancy Kaiser, March 2020 and January 2021.

Conscious Editing Work by: Nancy Kaiser, March 2020. Updated abstract and scope and content notes.

This inventory incorporates parts of the inventory to the Phanor Prudhomme Papers, which was compiled in the 1960s and reprocessed in the 1980s. The 1938 and 1948 deposits have been integrated with the 1999-2001 donations to form the Prudhomme Family Papers.

Since August 2017, we have added ethnic and racial identities for individuals and families represented in collections. To determine identity, we rely on self-identification; other information supplied to the repository by collection creators or sources; public records, press accounts, and secondary sources; and contextual information in the collection materials. Omissions of ethnic and racial identities in finding aids created or updated after August 2017 are an indication of insufficient information to make an educated guess or an individual's preference for identity information to be excluded from description. When we have misidentified, please let us know at

Diacritics and other special characters have been omitted from this finding aid to facilitate keyword searching in web browsers.

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The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.

Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Biographical Information

The nearly 200 year history of the Prudhomme family as plantation owners began with Jean Pierre Emanuel Prudhomme (1762-1845), the son of Jean Baptiste Prudhomme (1736-1786), a physician, captain in the militia, and planter, and the grandson of Jean Pierre Philippe Prudhomme (circa 1673-1739), a merchant and trader who settled in the Natchitoches area in 1716. Emanuel married Marie Catherine Lambre (1763-1848) in 1782, and around 1792 he purchased land that straddled the Red River thirteen miles south of Natchitoches. He planted indigo and tobacco crops, and in 1795 introduced cotton to the region. He was the first planter to grow cotton on a large scale west of the Mississippi River in the Louisiana Purchase territory. In 1818 he began building a plantation house and in 1821 the family moved in. The house and plantation were called Bermuda until 1873, when it was partitioned by the family. The house and the land on the right bank of the Red River thereafter became known as Oakland.

Emanuel's son, P. Phanor Prudhomme I (1807-1865), appears to have taken over the family plantation in the 1840s. Phanor I was married to Suzanne Lize Metoyer (d. 1855) in 1835. The Metoyer family also seems to have owned considerable acreage in Natchitoches Parish, and may also have been active in commercial endeavors, such as cotton factorages and stores. The Prudhommes had five children: Adeline (1836-1878); J. Alphonse I (1838-1919); Emma (d. 1854); Henriette, (1848-1922); and Emanuel (1844-1934).

Besides the main plantation, materials in this collection suggest that Phanor Prudhomme I had other business ventures, including a sawmill that was widely used by his neighbors. Prudhomme's stature in the community can be surmised from an 1855 letter in which he declined the offer of a Democratic Party nomination to Congress. Near the end of his life, Phanor I's property was listed for war tax purposes. This 1862 assessment shows Phanor in possession of the following: 900 acres in cultivation; 1200 woodland acres; 100 acres directly fronting the Red River; 1000 acres of pine woods; and a lot and townhouse at Natchitoches. In addition, he enslaved 146 people and owned several gold watches, considerable silver and gold plate, a piano, and miscellaneous farm and pleasure conveyances, both animal and vehicular. His children were well educated, with his daughters attending the Ladies of the Sacred Heart School in Natchitoches (mid 1850s), and his sons the University of North Carolina (J. Alphonse, 1858-1860) and Georgetown College, Washington, D.C. (Emanuel, 1861).

Upon Phanor Prudhomme I's death in 1865, J. Alphonse I took control of Bermuda plantation and other family interests. It is not clear how the other children shared in the inheritance. J. Alphonse I married Eliza Elizabeth Lecomte (1840-1923) in 1864. The Lecomte family, like the Prudhommes and the Metoyers, owned considerable acreage, across Natchitoches and in surrounding parishes. Magnolia, Shallow Lake, and Vienna plantations were among their holdings at that time.

J. Alphonse I and Eliza had eight children: P. Phanor II (1865-1948); Jules Lecomte (1867-1916); Edward Carrington (1869-1941); Marie Cora (1871-1952); Marie Attala (1875-1958); Marie Julia (1878-1933); Marie Maie (1880-1964); and Marie Noelie (1883-1978). J. Alphonse I proved to be a highly successful cotton planter. In 1904 he received a gold medal at the St. Louis World's Fair for growing the highest grade of cotton in the South.

After the Civil War, the Prudhommes transitioned from enslaved labor to a tenant economy. Many freedmen became sharecroppers and hired laborers on the plantation. Cotton planting, ginning, and pressing remained the chief operations on the plantation, but it appears that livestock, hay, and timber also were important agricultural activities, especially during the 1880s.

Phanor II assumed plantation responsibilities probably during the 1910s, but certainly by 1919 when J. Alphonse I died. Before that, Phanor II attended Notre Dame (1886-1888). In 1891 he married Marie Laure Cloutier (1871-1941). The Cloutier family owned land in Natchitoches parish, although it is not clear how much. Materials in the collection indicate that after the Civil War and into the 1870s the Cloutiers contracted with freedmen to work the family land.

Phanor II and Laure had nine children: J. Alphonse II (1896-1991); Louise Vivian (1898-1904); Elisa Elizabeth (1900-1953); Marie Adele (1903-1974); Marie Leanore (born and died 1904); P. Phanor (born and died 1908); P. "Pete" Phanor III (1909-1978); Marie Lucile (1911-1976); and Louis Donald (1913-1993).

During Phanor II's tenure as patriarch of Oakland, cotton and the general store were the chief operations. Phanor II retired and sold the family business to his son, J. Alphonse II ("Phonsie"), in 1942. Materials in the collection suggest that cotton and the store remained the primary focus of Prudhomme business interests after the 1940s. Cotton farming can be tracked until around 1960, and the store records extend to 1982.

Phonsie married Rosalie Lucile Keator (sometimes called "Lu" or "LuLu") in 1924. Lucile grew up in Webster Groves, Mo., with her parents Mabel and Mayo Sands Keator, an engineer. She also had Keator relations living in Bermuda, La., including her grandfather, Dr. James E. Keator, and her uncle, Dr. James T. Keator. In 1920 Lucile attended St. Mary's Academy in Natchitoches, La., where she befriended classmate Adele Prudhomme and her older brother. Phonsie and Lucile had four children: James Alphonse III (1927-1988); Kenneth Andrew (b. 1929); Mayo Keator (b. 1932); and Rose Vivian (b. 1934). The children of Phonsie and Lucile were the sixth and last generation of Prudhommes to live at Oakland. All four children married and moved from Oakland.

Lucile Keator Prudhomme was an active advocate for Prudhomme and Oakland plantation history. She conducted much of the historic preservation and genealogical research activity at Oakland. Her family research interest dates to the 1920s when she joined as a charter member of the St. Denis chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution. Lucile would go on to join several more genealogical societies and remain active in them until the 1980s. Her concern for the preservation of Oakland began in 1940 when a museum of the plantation's artifacts was arranged in a couple of rooms in the house. Her devotion to the preservation of Oakland culminated in it being placed on the National Register of Historical Places in 1979. In 1997 Oakland was purchased by the National Park Service to become part of the Cane River Creole National Historical Park.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Scope and Content

The collection documents the Prudhomme family of Natchitoches Parish, La., the French Creole owners of a plantation based on a workforce of enslaved people and later tenant farmers, sharecroppers, and day laborers. Six generations of Prudhommes and enslaved people and their descendents, spanning the 19th and 20th centuries, lived at Bermuda plantation (later called Oakland). The collection documents life and labor on the plantation from the perspective of the plantation owning family members. Collection materials include correspondence, writings, financial materials, genealogical and family history materials, maps and plats, photographic materials, and audiovisual materials. Many 18th- and 19th-century materials are in French.

Correspondence, 1828-1993, documents life at Bermuda plantation (later called Oakland), from the perspective of the plantation owners. Topics include courtship and marriage, school life, social activities, sports, weather, travel, and general news of the Prudhomme, Keator, Cloutier, Lecomte, Metoyer, and other related families. Writings, 1850-1991, include diaries, commonplace books, school composition and lesson notebooks, poetry, and sheet music. The materials in these two series chiefly illustrate the education, interests, and concerns of white women, especially young white women, in the late 19th through mid 20th century. There are few materials relating to the Civil War. Among them are three letters that describe the effects of the war and an 1864 diary with entries describing military life.

Financial materials include ledgers and a variety of volumes, receipts, and loose papers, documenting the everyday financial operations of a plantation with interests in cotton, corn, hay, lumber, livestock, and a general store. In addition to Bermuda plantation (later called Oakland), there is some scattered information about other nearby plantations, including Gente Place, Magnolia, Shallow Lake, Coco Point, Homeplace, Cognac, Vienna, and others. The collection also documents relationships with other plantation owners and businesses; the plantation physician, James A. Leveque; and miscellaneous personal financial records of various Prudhomme family members and several persons related through marriage to the family, but otherwise financially distinct from the plantation economy records. As a group, the financial materials largely document the perspective of the plantation owners; however, there is demographic, social, and economic information, such as names, birth and death dates, health status, work areas and production, consumer purchases, and financial precarity of the enslaved and later free people who performed the labor.

Legal papers, 1810-1971, are comprised of agreements and indentures, deeds of property and land, judgments and suits, marriage contracts, mortgages, and wills and successions. These materials chiefly concern interactions of the plantation owners with the legal system, but there is some evidence of their intersection with the lives of the people who performed the labor on the plantation as well, and typically in regard to the terms of the labor.

Genealogical materials, 1842-1993, document Lucile Keator Prudhomme's interest in family history throughout her adult life. Included are her extensive genealogical correspondence; research notes on the Prudhomme, Keator, and other related families; lineage scrapbooks created by family researchers; family mementos; records of genealogical societies in which she was active; and a small sampling of the published materials used by Lucile in her genealogical research.

Maps and plats are chiefly of the Cane River plantations and Natchitoches Parish, La.

Photographic materials include color and black-and-white photographs, slides, and albums of multiple generations of family members, travels, social activities, and Oakland plantation. There are some 19th-century portraits, but the bulk of the photographic materials document the 20th-century (1910s-1980s). Nearly all of the materials are annotated.

Also included are two audio cassettes, two 16 mm home movies, and 3 reels of microfilm of the original Phanor Prudhomme collection at the Southern Historical Collection.

Other materials, 1811-1995, relate to the social life and non-business interests of the Prudhomme and Keator families. Materials document interest and active participation in education, religion, military service, politics, historic preservation, literary pursuits, domestic arts, sports, and travel.

Many of the 18th- and 19th-century materials are in French.

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Contents list

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series Quick Links

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 1. Correspondence, 1837-1993.

About 3500 items.

Arrangement: Chronological.

Correspondence documents everyday personal and family life and social activities of six generations of the Prudhomme family in Natchitoches Parish, La. These materials were chiefly written and exchanged by the women of the family. The surname of correspondents is uncertain in many cases, though the genealogical volume compiled by Lucile Keator Prudhomme in Series 5.2 may provide some clarifications.

The 19th-century materials were written chiefly by young white women and men in their teens and twenties. Repeated themes include sickness; feelings of isolation when apart from sisters, cousins, and peers; school life; courtship and marriage; diversions such as balls, riding, and sewing; and the effect of weather on plantation work and life. The few letters written by males concern school and work interests, the local baseball teams, and occasionally plantation operations. The Civil War is mentioned in two letters, giving the general effects of the war in Louisiana and the prevailing pessimism. Correspondence from the 1890s is comprised chiefly of letters written to Laure Cloutier Prudhomme. Some items in French.

The 20th-century materials introduce correspondence written by Lucile Keator Prudhomme and the Keator family. Life in St. Louis and Webster Groves, Mo., and Baltimore, Md., are documented, in addition to happenings in Natchitoches Parish, La. Repeating themes include courtship, sickness, loss of loved ones, and aging parents. The dissolution of multi-generational plantation life as family members left Natchitoches to settle elsewhere in the state and country is also reflected in these materials.

The heaviest correspondence is exchanged between J. Alphonse Prudhomme II and Lucile Keator during their 1923-1924 courtship. Also of note are postcards sent by Laure Cloutier Prudhomme to her son, J. Alphonse Prudhomme II, while he served in the U.S. Army during and after World War I, and his postwar correspondence with a French mother and daughter he befriended during his stay in Paris. Other war-related correspondence includes letters from Randall R.D. Keator to his aunt and uncle, Mabel Keator and Mayo S. Keator, and from J. Alphonse Prudhomme III to his father, J. Alphonse Prudhomme II. Also of note is Lucile Keator Prudhomme's extensive correspondence with non-family members, including tourists who had visited Oakland.

Box 1

Folder 1-20

Folder 1

Folder 2

Folder 3

Folder 4

Folder 5

Folder 6

Folder 7

Folder 8

Folder 9

Folder 10

Folder 11

Folder 12

Folder 13

Folder 14

Folder 15

Folder 16

Folder 17

Folder 18

Folder 19

Folder 20

Correspondence, 1837-1896

Box 2

Folder 21-36

Folder 21

Folder 22

Folder 23

Folder 24

Folder 25

Folder 26

Folder 27

Folder 28

Folder 29

Folder 30

Folder 31

Folder 32

Folder 33

Folder 34

Folder 35

Folder 36

Correspondence, 1897-1919, and undated

Box 3

Folder 37-48

Folder 37

Folder 38

Folder 39

Folder 40

Folder 41

Folder 42

Folder 43

Folder 44

Folder 45

Folder 46

Folder 47

Folder 48

Correspondence, 1920-1934

Box 4

Folder 49-64

Folder 49

Folder 50

Folder 51

Folder 52

Folder 53

Folder 54

Folder 55

Folder 56

Folder 57

Folder 58

Folder 59

Folder 60

Folder 61

Folder 62

Folder 63

Folder 64

Correspondence, 1935-1964

Box 5

Folder 65-75

Folder 65

Folder 66

Folder 67

Folder 68

Folder 69

Folder 70

Folder 71

Folder 72

Folder 73

Folder 74

Folder 75

Correspondence, 1965-1993

Box 6

Folder 76-86

Folder 76

Folder 77

Folder 78

Folder 79

Folder 80

Folder 81

Folder 82

Folder 83

Folder 84

Folder 85

Folder 86

Greeting cards, 1880-1993

Includes miniature calling, gift, and decorative cards.

Box 7

Folder 87-95

Folder 87

Folder 88

Folder 89

Folder 90

Folder 91

Folder 92

Folder 93

Folder 94

Folder 95

Greeting cards, 1880-1993

Includes miniature calling, gift, and decorative cards.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 1A. Correspondence, 1828-1917 (Additions of 2001).

12 items.

Acquisitions Information: Accessions 99119, 99147

Materials chiefly relating to the Lecomte and Hertzog families. Included are one letter describing feelings about the Civil War, anniversary and birthday greetings, and a few letters with news of home. Several items are in French.

Box 72

Folder 887-888

Folder 887

Folder 888

1828-1914, 1917

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse 2. Writings, 1850-1991.

About 100 items.

Arrangement: Alphabetical by last name.

Includes diaries, commonplace books, school composition and lesson notebooks, original and handwritten copies of poetry, and sheet music. Of note are Fulbert Cloutier's Civil War diary describing military life, and the commonplace books and diaries created by teenage girls such as Eulalie Buard and Lucile Keator Prudhomme. Some items in French.

Box 8

Folder 96-115

Folder 96

Folder 97

Folder 98

Folder 99

Folder 100

Folder 101

Folder 102

Folder 103

Folder 104

Folder 105

Folder 106

Folder 107

Folder 108

Folder 109

Folder 110

Folder 111

Folder 112

Folder 113

Folder 114

Folder 115

Writings, 1852-1948

Authors include Pauline Amelie Bossier, Coralie Buard, Eulalie Buard, Amelie Cloutier, Fulbert Cloutier, Laure Cloutier, James E. Keator, Kate Agnes Keator, Mayo S. Keator, Marie Julia Buard Lecomte, Lise Lecomte, Lise Metoyer, Adele Prudhomme, Angella Prudhomme, J. Lawrence Prudhomme, and J. Alphonse Prudhomme.

Items of note:

Folder 102: Fulbert Cloutier diary with description of military life near Alexandria, La., during Civil War, September-October 1864.

Folder 104: Lucile Cloutier diary of a teenage girl, 1894

Folder 105b: James E. Keator valedictory address for New Orleans School of Medicine, 1858.

Folder 108: Mayo S. Keator journal with an account of World's Fair, 1904.

Some items are in French.

Oversize Paper OP-613/2

Sheet music for "Charley's Dream of the Fair," by Charles D. Keator, 1904

Box 9

Folder 116-140

Folder 116

Folder 117

Folder 118

Folder 119

Folder 120

Folder 121

Folder 122

Folder 123

Folder 124

Folder 125

Folder 126

Folder 127

Folder 128

Folder 129

Folder 130

Folder 131

Folder 132

Folder 133

Folder 134

Folder 135

Folder 136

Folder 137

Folder 138

Folder 139

Folder 140

Writings, 1830-1991

Authors include J. Alphonse Prudhomme, J. Alphonse Prudhomme II, Lucile Keator Prudhomme, Mayo Keator Prudhomme, Nina Prudhomme, P. Phanor Prudhomme I, P. Phanor Prudhomme II,

Topics include chemistry, anatomy, grammar, arithmatic, rhetoric, astronomy, French lessons, World War I, teenage girls, and a 50th wedding anniversary.

Items of note:

Folder 121: Lucile Keator Prudhomme notebook with descriptions of classmates at Saint Mary's Academy; accounts of conversations and handwritten copies of poetry by Adele Prudhomme and others.

Folder 133: P. Phanor Prudhomme II diary written while a student at the University of Notre Dame, concerning visits with sister Cora Prudhomme and possibly Fanny Bossier at Saint Mary's Academy in South Bend, Ind..

Oversize Paper OP-613/1

Handwritten, unattributed poem, undated

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 2A. Writings, 1855-1864 (Additions of 2001).

10 items.

Acquisitions Information: Accessions 99119, 99147

Included are an autograph book, commonplace book, two diaries, and a religous composition.

Box 72

Folder 889-895

Folder 889

Folder 890

Folder 891

Folder 892

Folder 893

Folder 894

Folder 895


Folder 892-893: Diary includes lists of letters written and expenses while J. Alphonse Prudhomme was a student at the University of North Carolina, 1855-1858.

Folder: 894: Diary of J. Alphonse Prudhomme written while working on Mississippi and Pacific Railroad.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 3. Financial Materials, 1788-1989.

About 5500 items.

Financial materials document the everyday financial operations of a plantation based on a workforce of enslaved people and later tenant farmers, sharecroppers, and day laborers, with interests in cotton, corn, hay, lumber, livestock, and a general store. In addition to Bermuda plantation (later called Oakland), there is some scattered information about other nearby plantations, including Gente Place, Magnolia, Shallow Lake, Coco Point, Homeplace, Cognac, Vienna, and others. These materials document the perspective of the plantation owners; however, some financial records also provide insight into the lived experiences of the plantation workforce. There is demographic, social, and economic information, such as names, birth and death dates, health status, work areas and production, consumer purchases, and financial precarity of the people who performed the labor.

Material has been divided into three subseries. Subseries 3.1 contains overview materials that relate to the plantation business as a whole, organization and planning, long term accounting, and the plantation store. Accordingly, correspondence, account ledgers, plantation journals, daybooks, cash account books, receipts, and tax materials are located in this subseries. Subseries 3.2 contains financial materials that describe the specific details of various plantation operations. Accordingly, cotton records, gin, press, corn, and hay books, inventory and order books, and other like materials that pertain to specific crops or day to day functions of the plantation, general store accounting excluded, are collected here. There are also time books, which concern the work of day laborers. Also, this subseries contains materials pertaining to the personal finances of Prudhomme family members, including pocket notebooks, a stock book, and succession records. Subseries 3.3 contains financial materials created by individuals related to and/or living near the Prudhommes at Bermuda/Oakland, but do not pertain directly to the organization and running of the Prudhomme properties. The medical and financial materials of the plantation doctor, for example, are collected in this subseries.

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 3.1. General Plantation Materials, 1788-1989.

About 4600 items.

Arrangement: By format.

General plantation materials relate to the plantation organization and planning, long term accounting, or the plantation store. Materials include correspondence, account ledgers, plantation journals, daybooks, cash account books, receipts, and tax assessments.

Nineteenth-century correspondence pertains chiefly to land sales and mortgages, and includes an 1862 overseer report, a mortgage on enslaved people and land, and a letter requesting that enslaved people be sent to work for the Road Commissary. Several items with 1890s dates discuss sale of swamp lands for timber. Many items are in French.

Twentieth-century materials pertain chiefly to orders, notice of receipt of goods, and inquiries and advertising sent to and from merchandise and service vendors, including Standard Oil, in business with the Oakland plantation store. Other notable items include the mercantile reports filed with Louisiana Tax Commission, gin equipment instructions, and materials related to the food stamp program during the 1930s.

There are also account ledgers of laborers, tenants, sharecroppers, and other plantation owners in business with Prudhomme family. Some of the documentation about enslaved people can be found here. The names of freedmen fill the account books after the Civil War as the plantation made the transition to tenant, sharecropper, and a day labor work force.

Cash account books record extensions of credit granted until the customer could pay, probably when able to bring cotton for ginning at Prudhomme gin.

Day books provide a daily record of cash and credit sales at the plantation store and are listed by date and then name with items purchased. There are no daybooks for years 1886-1919 and 1972-1973.

Plantation journals and records provide a daily record of farm work completed, information about enslaved people, reports of weather and how it affected plantation work. The records about enslaved people often include names, ages, births, deaths, the monetary value assigned to them, and information about their health and work. Other information includes poison schedules, rent records, equipment lists, hay and cotton sales, cotton picked and ginned, tenant accounts, football bowl game results, cattle counts and tagging, and bills. Miscellaneous records include information about bales of cotton hauled, measurements of uncultivated land, cabin residents of Oakland, Cognac, and Gangre Place, acres in cultivation, list of gin laborers, chickens sold, corn hauled, rainfall, household inventories, and weather summaries.

Plantation and store ledgers record sales and purchases at the Prudhomme plantation store. The daily sales to individuals were recorded first in the daybooks and cash account books and then copied by customer name to these ledgers. At various times plantation expenses, day worker accounts, merchandise reports (in some cases by item, e.g. pecans), credit and cash sales reports, vendor accounts, crop records, and taxes paid to FICA social security tax and the Internal Revenue Service also were recorded in these ledgers. Occasionally temperature, rainfall, and brief weather descriptions were recorded on inside covers. There are no ledgers for 1895-1915, 1918-1919, or 1924.

Receipts are chiefly 19th-century promissory notes, orders, account summaries, bank receipts, bills of lading, and transfers of credit that document crops, brands, merchandise, and services bought and sold. In addition, there are some miscellaneous succession receipts and tax receipts, a record of enslaved people lent to work on fortifications during the Civil War and purchases made by the Confederate Army, and some 20th-century handwritten merchandise orders from local customers. Volumes contain a representative sample of 20th-century receipts that document merchandise purchased to stock the store. Many 19th-century items in French.

Recapitulations and tax returns detail plantation assets, income, and expenses.

Box 10

Folder 141-156

Folder 141

Folder 142

Folder 143

Folder 144

Folder 145

Folder 146

Folder 147

Folder 148

Folder 149

Folder 150

Folder 151

Folder 152

Folder 153

Folder 154

Folder 155

Folder 156

Correspondence, 1802-1931

Box 11

Folder 157-166

Folder 157

Folder 158

Folder 159

Folder 160

Folder 161

Folder 162

Folder 163

Folder 164

Folder 165

Folder 166

Correspondence, 1932-1989, and miscellaneous accounts

Items of note:

Folder 163: Phanor Prudhomme I accounts, 1836-1852

Folder 164: Account book, 1845-1860, with entries relating to Prudhomme and Lecomte family properties, includes the Magnolia, Shallow Lake, and Vienna plantations with lists of enslaved people with age, gender, and monetary value assigned.

Folder 165: Account book, 1858-1865, of Phanor Prudhomme I with various individuals, including sawmill accounts and records of Confederate States of America bonds purchased.

Folder 166: Miscellaneous accounts, 1866-1878, including freedmen accounts with days worked, money earned, and school tax, records relating to the estate of Phanor Prudhomme I, and other records.

Box 12

Folder 167-171

Folder 167

Folder 168

Folder 169

Folder 170

Folder 171

Account books, 1878-1893

By customer name with debits and credits by date.

Items of note:

Folder 170-171: Account book, 1911-1913, with record of day laborer store credits and debits, store rent revenue, ginning and seed expenditures, stock information.

Box 13

Folder 172-184

Folder 172

Folder 173

Folder 174

Folder 175

Folder 176

Folder 177

Folder 178

Folder 179

Folder 180

Folder 181

Folder 182

Folder 183

Folder 184

Cash books, 1894-1944

Box 13

Folder 183-184

Folder 183

Folder 184

Day book, 22 March 1876-11 July 1877

Box 14

Folder 185-192

Folder 185

Folder 186

Folder 187

Folder 188

Folder 189

Folder 190

Folder 191

Folder 192

Day books, 1877-1884

Oversize Volume SV-613/1

Day book, 13 August 1878-11 December 1878

Box 15

Folder 193-206

Folder 193

Folder 194

Folder 195

Folder 196

Folder 197

Folder 198

Folder 199

Folder 200

Folder 201

Folder 202

Folder 203

Folder 204

Folder 205

Folder 206

Day books, 1884-1926

Box 16

Folder 207-221

Folder 207

Folder 208

Folder 209

Folder 210

Folder 211

Folder 212

Folder 213

Folder 214

Folder 215

Folder 216

Folder 217

Folder 218

Folder 219

Folder 220

Folder 221

Day books, 1927-1934

Box 17

Folder 222-234

Folder 222

Folder 223

Folder 224

Folder 225

Folder 226

Folder 227

Folder 228

Folder 229

Folder 230

Folder 231

Folder 232

Folder 233

Folder 234

Day books, 1934-1942

Box 18

Folder 235-247

Folder 235

Folder 236

Folder 237

Folder 238

Folder 239

Folder 240

Folder 241

Folder 242

Folder 243

Folder 244

Folder 245

Folder 246

Folder 247

Day books, 1942-1951

Box 19

Folder 248-260

Folder 248

Folder 249

Folder 250

Folder 251

Folder 252

Folder 253

Folder 254

Folder 255

Folder 256

Folder 257

Folder 258

Folder 259

Folder 260

Day books, 1951-1962

Box 20

Folder 261-266

Folder 261

Folder 262

Folder 263

Folder 264

Folder 265

Folder 266

Day books, 1962-1975

Box 20

Folder 267

Enslaved work record, 1836

Includes daily picking records.

Box 20

Folder 268

Plantation journal, 1837-1839

Includes lists of enslaved people and scattered accounts.

Box 20

Folder 269

Plantation journal, 1839-1842

Contains scattered journal entries, accounts, lists of enslaved people, and notes.

Box 20

Folder 270

Ambrose Lecomte, 1852

Ledger with inventory, supplies purchased, births and deaths of enslaved people, age of and monetary value assigned to enslaved people on Vienna Plantation. Records were kept in printed books called The Cotton Plantation Record and Account Book by Thomas Affleck. Printed in New Orleans, these books offered the opportunity to make entries under titles such as "Daily Record of Passing Events,""Daily Record of Cotton Picked," and "Planter's Annual Record of His Negroes."

Box 20

Folder 271

P. Phanor Prudhomme I, 1852, 1854, 1866-1867 (bulk, 1852, 1866)

Affleck ledger with daily record of events includes description of work completed on plantation; weather; cotton picked by each enslaved person; bale weights; births, deaths, ages of, and monetary value assigned to enslaved people; and rations issued.

Box 20

Folder 272

P. Phanor Prudhomme I, 1857

Affleck ledger with record of weather and labor performed on plantation, remarks on various crops, cotton picked by each enslaved person, births and deaths of enslaved people, physician visits with explanation as to purpose, and livestock increases.

Box 20

Folder 273

Plantation journal, 1856-1863

Contains farm work records, accounts, lists of enslaved people, and other records.

Box 20

Folder 274


Affleck ledger with daily record of activities on Prudhomme properties, weather reports, information about enslaved people, livestock.

Box 21

Folder 275-277

Folder 275

Folder 276

Folder 277


Affleck ledger with daily record of activities on Prudhomme properties, weather reports, information about enslaved people, livestock.

Box 21

Folder 278

P. Phanor Prudhomme I, 1864-1866

Daily weather and labor account, how much corn given and to whom, lists of enslaved people with an accounting for death and desertion "to the Yankees."

Box 21

Folder 279

J. Alphonse Prudhomme I, 1867

Affleck ledger with plantation records. The format is similar to those used in 1860-1864 but the forms were modified to reflect the end of slavery.

Box 21

Folder 280

P. Phanor Prudhomme II, 1942-1961

Record of when and where crops were planted and by whom, poisons applied.

Box 21

Folder 281-282

Folder 281

Folder 282


Daily record of activities on plantation.

Box 22

Folder 283-290

Folder 283

Folder 284

Folder 285

Folder 286

Folder 287

Folder 288

Folder 289

Folder 290


Daily record of activities on plantation.

Item of note:

Folder 286: Includes account of James Alphonse Prudhomme III's cancer.

Box 22

Folder 287-288

Folder 287

Folder 288

Miscellaneous records, 1839-1982

Box 22

Folder 289-290

Folder 289

Folder 290

Ledger, 1873

Includes inventory of barterable goods and list of plantation laborers in account with J. Alphonse Prudhomme I.

Box 23

Folder 291-295

Folder 291

Folder 292

Folder 293

Folder 294

Folder 295

Ledgers, 1877-1882

Includes some invoice tracking, cash reporting, summarizes accounts in balance in biweekly reports.

Box 24

Folder 296-300

Folder 296

Folder 297

Folder 298

Folder 299

Folder 300

Ledgers, 1882-1886

Oversize Volume SV-613/2

Ledger, 1883-1884

Box 25

Folder 301-304

Folder 301

Folder 302

Folder 303

Folder 304

Ledger, 1887-1892

Box 26

Folder 305a-307b

Ledgers, 1892-1894, 1916

Items of note:

Folder 306a-306b: Includes accounting for succession of A. L. Prudhomme.

Box 27

Folder 308-314

Folder 308

Folder 309

Folder 310

Folder 311

Folder 312

Folder 313

Folder 314

Ledgers, 1917-1926

Box 28

Folder 315-320

Folder 315

Folder 316

Folder 317

Folder 318

Folder 319

Folder 320

Ledgers, 1927-1932

Box 29

Folder 321-325

Folder 321

Folder 322

Folder 323

Folder 324

Folder 325

Ledgers, 1933-1937

Box 30

Folder 326-330

Folder 326

Folder 327

Folder 328

Folder 329

Folder 330

Ledgers, 1938-1943

Box 31

Folder 331-335

Folder 331

Folder 332

Folder 333

Folder 334

Folder 335

Ledgers, 1944-1948

Box 32

Folder 336-340

Folder 336

Folder 337

Folder 338

Folder 339

Folder 340

Ledgers, 1949-1953

Box 33

Folder 341-347

Folder 341

Folder 342

Folder 343

Folder 344

Folder 345

Folder 346

Folder 347

Ledgers, 1954-1958

Box 34

Folder 348-352

Folder 348

Folder 349

Folder 350

Folder 351

Folder 352

Ledgers, 1959-1963

Box 35

Folder 353-358

Folder 353

Folder 354

Folder 355

Folder 356

Folder 357

Folder 358

Ledger, 1964-1971

Box 36

Folder 359-360

Folder 359

Folder 360

Ledgers, 1972-1974, 1977-1982

Box 36

Folder 361-371

Folder 361

Folder 362

Folder 363

Folder 364

Folder 365

Folder 366

Folder 367

Folder 368

Folder 369

Folder 370

Folder 371

Receipts, 1788-1858

Box 37

Folder 372-387

Folder 372

Folder 373

Folder 374

Folder 375

Folder 376

Folder 377

Folder 378

Folder 379

Folder 380

Folder 381

Folder 382

Folder 383

Folder 384

Folder 385

Folder 386

Folder 387

Receipts, 1859

Some receipts arranged by name: H. Gillie, Emma Lambre, P. A. Prudhomme, P. Placide Prudhomme, J. Reginald Prudhomme.

Oversize Volume SV-613/3-7






Receipts, 1895-1918

Box 37

Folder 388-391

Folder 388

Folder 389

Folder 390

Folder 391

Tax statements and assessments, 1851-1916

Oversize Paper OP-613/8

The Democratic Review Supplement: State Tax Sales on Movable Property, 1849

Oversize Paper OP-613/9

Assessment list of Mrs. F. A. Prudhomme, 1916

Oversize Paper OP-613/10

Certificate of purchase for public land by Daniel Sparks, 1849

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 3.2. Plantation Operations and Personal Financial Materials, 1837-1977.

About 725 items.

Arrangement: Alphabetical by subject, then chronological.

Plantation operations and personal financial materials constitute a microeconomic approach to the Prudhomme plantation and store records. These materials demonstrate the various operations on Prudhomme properties in minute, day-to-day detail. Included are cotton crop, gin, and press records, time books and store accounts for laborers, corn books, hay books, store inventory books, customer order books, ice, lumber, and seed books, market reports, personal expense notebooks, and succession records.

Articles-needed books are a record of grocery, hardware, dry goods, and drug merchandise to be added to the store inventory.

Corn books are a record of store accounts to be paid in corn by customers.

Cotton records include notebooks, a ledger, receipts and correspondence. Cotton books document store accounts paid for with cotton and sometimes include notes on cotton bale tag numbers and crop yields for tenants and sharecroppers at Oakland and Coco Point plantations. Some items also contain information about corn, hay, and lumber crops. The cotteon ledger is an account book of cotton grown at nearby plantations. Receipts and correspondence consist chiefly of bills of sale and lading, account summaries, Cotton Producers Association contracts, Louisiana Farm Bureau Cotton Growers Cooperative Association materials, sales agreements, and bank deposits.

Gin records concern cotton ginned for tenants and sharecroppers on the Prudhomme's plantation, and for other cotton growers on nearby plantations. Materials include gin books, a ledger, receipts and reports. Volumes and receipts record ginning expenses and profits. Reports, which record the bale weight and tag numbers for cotton ginned at the Prudhomme gin, were required by the Agricultural Adjustment Act to demonstrate compliance with the cotton quota. See also the plantation and store ledgers in Subseries 3.1. for ginning between 1912 and 1920.

Hay books are a record of work performed by day laborers and store charges against their earnings. Laborers earned 75 cents per day, which generally was credited to a store account, but appears to have been paid out in cash on occasion. Some books contain records of sale and purchase of hay bales, amounts brought up, amounts pressed, the weight of the bales, number of bales sold and where distributed or stored.

Inventory books are lists of the groceries, drugs, dry goods, hardware, gasoline and oil, and notions in stock in the store, usually inventoried the first of the year.

Livestock records chiefly concern horse breeding, with some entries for cattle breeding and mules loaned to be gentled. The poultry book records weight and sale of turkeys and hens.

Lumber and sawmill books record the sale of lumber, including size and price.

Order books are a record of merchandise ordered for the house and store and for individual customers. Several books document accounts with J. B. Planche in New Orleans.

Press books are a record of bags and ties received and issued, seeds pressed, and reports to government.

Store notebooks are a record of merchandise and cash advances purchased at store on credit by day laborers and farmers, then repaid in labor, crops, or cash.

Time books are a record of work performed by day laborers and store charges against their earnings.

Other materials include tax assessments, records documenting succession accounting for family members, personal notebooks, an ice book, seed book, stock investment book, and Post Office records. J. Alphonse Prudhomme I became the second postmaster of Bermuda, La., in 1903. J. Alphonse Prudhomme II succeeded him as the third postmaster, and J. Alphonse Prudhomme III served as the fourth, from 1962-1966.

Box 38

Folder 392

Articles-needed books, 1884-1887

Box 38

Folder 393-397

Folder 393

Folder 394

Folder 395

Folder 396

Folder 397

Corn books, 1882-1890

Box 38

Folder 398-406

Folder 398

Folder 399

Folder 400

Folder 401

Folder 402

Folder 403

Folder 404

Folder 405

Folder 406

Cotton books, 1877-1878, 1888-1889, 1910-1912, 1933-1941

Oversize Volume SV-613/8

Cotton ledger, 1882-1902

Record of cotton purchased from tenants and sharecroppers at Oakland, Gente Place, and Shallow Lake Plantations, and from land of Lucie Ayres, James A. Leveque, Cora Lambre, and P. Felix Prudhomme.

Box 38

Folder 407-413

Folder 407

Folder 408

Folder 409

Folder 410

Folder 411

Folder 412

Folder 413

Cotton receipts and correspondence, 1831-1897, 1923-1977

Box 39

Folder 414

Gin book, 1893

Folder 415a-415b

Gin ledger, 1894-1900

Includes expenses for ginning, taxes, rent, building repair and renovation charges, insurance; accounting information for succession of August Lambre Prudhomme. James Alphonse Prudhomme I acted as executor of the succession and accountant for August Lambre Prudhomme's widow, Lucie Prudhomme, and then the remarried Mrs. Lucie Ayres (who was guardian to daughter June Prudhomme by August Lambre Prudhomme).

Box 39

Folder 416-423

Folder 416

Folder 417

Folder 418

Folder 419

Folder 420

Folder 421

Folder 422

Folder 423

Gin books, 1899-1910

Box 40

Folder 424-432b

Gin books, 1911-1938

Box 41

Folder 433a-433b

Gin book, 1934

Box 41

Folder 434

Gin reports, 1938

Box 41

Folder 435a-435b

Gin book, 1939-1940

Box 41

Folder 436-441

Folder 436

Folder 437

Folder 438

Folder 439

Folder 440

Folder 441

Gin receipts, 1950-1961

Box 41

Folder 442-445

Folder 442

Folder 443

Folder 444

Folder 445

Hay books, 1876-1882

Box 42

Folder 446-453

Folder 446

Folder 447

Folder 448

Folder 449

Folder 450

Folder 451

Folder 452

Folder 453

Hay books, 1883-1888

Box 42

Folder 454

Ice book, 1926-1931

Record of sale of ice at store.

Box 42

Folder 455-460

Folder 455

Folder 456

Folder 457

Folder 458

Folder 459

Folder 460

Inventory book, 1920-1928, 1949-1970

Box 42

Folder 461

Licenses and memberships, 1873-1962

Includes permits to sell alcohol, tobacco, soft drinks, and retail goods; memberships in various organizations, including Louisiana Farm Bureau Federation, Louisiana Cotton Ginners Association.

Box 42

Folder 462-464

Folder 462

Folder 463

Folder 464

Stud book, 1847-1857, 1882-1911

Box 43

Folder 465-466

Folder 465

Folder 466

Stud book, 1912-1919

Box 43

Folder 467

Poultry book, 1956-1959

Records of weight and sale of turkeys and hens.

Box 43

Folder 468-469

Folder 468

Folder 469

Lumber and sawmill book, 1860-1862

Box 43

Folder 470

Market reports, 1859-1894

Printed reports on cotton, tobacco, and other crops for St. Louis and New Orleans markets.

Box 43

Folder 471-476

Folder 471

Folder 472

Folder 473

Folder 474

Folder 475

Folder 476

Order books, 1842-1881

Box 43

Folder 477-483

Folder 477

Folder 478

Folder 479

Folder 480

Folder 481

Folder 482

Folder 483

Pocket notebooks: P. Phanor Prudhomme I,1841-1925

P. Phanor Prudhomme I, P. L. Prudhomme.

Items of note:

Folder 479: P. Phanor Prudhomme I xxpenses during a visit to Mammoth Cave In French.

Folder 482: P. L. Prudhomme notes on car fare, gambling loss at the horse races, remedies, job advertisements.

Box 43

Folder 484

Post Office cash book, 1923-1924

Box 44

Folder 485

Post Office money order register, 1908-1944

Box 44

Folder 486-496

Folder 486

Folder 487

Folder 488

Folder 489

Folder 490

Folder 491

Folder 492

Folder 493

Folder 494

Folder 495

Folder 496

Press books, 1917-1928

Box 45

Folder 497-504

Folder 497

Folder 498

Folder 499

Folder 500

Folder 501

Folder 502

Folder 503

Folder 504

Press books, 1929-1940

Box 45

Folder 505

1916, 1950-1961

Record of seed bought from or by sharecroppers. Includes a 1950 journal of weather, personal activities, clock and jewelry repair by P. Phanor "Pete" Prudhomme III for 1950-1951 and 1955-1961.

Box 45

Folder 506

Stock investment book, 1924-1934

P. Phanor Prudhomme II's record of shares purchased and dividends for Peoples Bank, Natchitoches Sanitorium, and John Henry Oil and Gas, Inc. Also, record of money borrowed from Dr. E. G. Lawton, the husband of his sister Cora Prudhomme Lawton, to make payment on equipment for gin press and to pay succession, land leased, and royalties.

Box 45

Folder 507-508

Folder 507

Folder 508

Store notebooks, 1878-1880

Box 46

Folder 509-511

Folder 509

Folder 510

Folder 511

Store notebooks, 1880-1881, 1892-1893

Folder 511: Chiefly accounting for W. W. Breazeale, Jr., but other accounts included, viz. Metoyer and Hertzog.

Box 46

Folder 512

Division of Jean Pierre Emmanuel Prudhomme and Catherine Lambre Prudhomme estate, 1845-1860

Includes entries for notes collected and paid out, interest collected, assets, and notes of auction; additional entries record Phanor Prudhomme I's administration of the successions of N. C. Levoy and Achille Lebreton, and the accounts of Phanor's children (1853-1860); accounting for a saw mill and a dairy in Texas. Chiefly in French.

Box 46

Folder 513


Succession and personal accounts of the children of Achille Prudhomme and Estelle Prudhomme; J. Alphonse Prudhomme I served as executor.

Box 46

Folder 514-518

Folder 514

Folder 515

Folder 516

Folder 517

Folder 518

Time books, 1880s

Includes record by month of time worked and lost by laborers.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 3.3. Other Financial Materials, 1836-1918.

About 100 items.

Other Financial Materials were created by individuals related to and/or living near the Prudhommes at Bermuda/Oakland plantation, but do not pertain directly to the organization and running of the Prudhomme properties. Materials in this subseries have been divided into James A. Leveque materials and miscellaneous materials. James A. Leveque served as doctor for Oakland community and the surrounding community. Around 1879, the doctor began recording the sale of merchandise, perhaps at that time beginning a store partnership of some sort with the Prudhommes. Materials include the following: account summaries of customers in debt to Leveque; daybooks with daily records of medical services provided and merchandise sold, and some documentation of livestock breeding; ledgers with accounting information for medical services, expenses, and contracts, which were paid in cash, draft from someone else, labor, liens, and merchandise; notebooks with medical and store accounting records; a succession book; and miscellaneous items pertaining to professional and personal finances, including promissory notes, receipts, a drug price list, requests for house calls, and court judgments against non-paying clients.

Miscellaneous materials consist of a few other notebooks belonging to Alexis Cloutier, Emile Cloutier, Achille Lebreton, James E. Keator, A. Lecomte, and one of unknown authorship, but possibly belonging to a member of the Keator family. These financial materials were created by individuals related to and/or living near the Prudhommes at Bermuda/Oakland, but do not pertain directly to the organization and running of the Prudhomme properties

Box 46

Folder 519

Account summaries, circa 1880-1893

Box 46

Folder 520-521

Folder 520

Folder 521

Day books, 1873-1888

Item of note:

Folder 521: Includes notes on medical treatment of diptheria cases in August 1885.

Box 47

Folder 522

Day book, 1888-1893

Box 47

Folder 523-527

Folder 523

Folder 524

Folder 525

Folder 526

Folder 527

Ledgers, 1867-1876

Item of note:

Folder 523: Includes record of workers hired for 1868; notes on feed expenditures for horses.

Box 48

Folder 528

Ledger, 1876-1879

Box 48

Folder 529

Folder number not used

Oversize Volume SV-613/9

Ledger, 1879-1884

Oversize Volume SV-613/10

Ledger, 1885-1886

Oversize Volume SV-613/11

Ledger, 1885-1892

Box 48

Folder 530-533

Folder 530

Folder 531

Folder 532

Folder 533

Notebooks, 1872-1891

Items of note:

Folder 530: Includes notes on tree grafting experiments, livestock breeding, medical notes on a miscarriage, vaccinations, treatment for pneumonia, typhoid fever.

Folder 531: Includes notes on tree harvesting in swamp.

Folder 533: Includes recipes (chiefly in French), fence law for livestock, horsebreeding records, house dimensions for floors, roof, hay workers accounting, and a hunting report.

Box 48

Folder 534a-534b

Succession Book, 1893-1900

Record of notes, judgments, rights on credits, cash payments, livestock and furniture inventories, and a continuing account with Leveque's widow; includes inventory of medical supplies, household furniture, and tools; succession administered circa 1894 by J. Alphonse Prudhomme I.

Box 49

Folder 535-536

Folder 535

Folder 536

Miscellaneous, 1876-1899

Box 49

Folder 537

Alexis Cloutier, 1836-1839

Succession book documenting account with City Bank of New Orleans.

Box 49

Folder 538

Emile Cloutier and Fulbert Cloutier, 1868-1869

Account notebook tracking cotton and corn yields and sales, store expenses, medical bills, equipment and livestock rental, and poll taxes credited or charged to freedmen and other sharecroppers.

Folder 539

Emile Cloutier and Fulbert Cloutier, 1870-1876

Account notebook tracking cotton and corn yields and sales, store expenses, medical bills, equipment and livestock rental, and poll taxes credited or charged to freedmen and other sharecroppers.

Box 49

Folder 540

Emile Cloutier and Fulbert Cloutier, 1882-1886

Account notebook tracking cotton and corn yields and sales, store expenses, medical bills, equipment and livestock rental, and poll taxes credited or charged to freedmen and other sharecroppers.

Box 49

Folder 541

James E. Keator, 1877-1879

Medical ledger with ailment and treatment descriptions accompanying bookkeeping in some cases; broken bones, neuralgias, abortions, and various infections are documented.

Box 49

Folder 542

James T. Keator, 1896-1918

Horse breeding book tracks lineage and offspring of horses.

Box 49

Folder 543

Achille Lebreton, 1854

Succession book; in French.

Box 50

Folder 544a

A. Lecomte, 1838-1849

Bank book.

Box 50

Folder 544b


List of expenses, gifts for family members, and miscellaneous jottings; author unknown, but possibly belonging to a Keator.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 3A. Financial Materials, 1765-1895 (Additions of 2001).

About 775 items.

Acquisitions Information: Accessions 99119, 99147

Materials include correspondence, chiefly from overseers and factors; a store account book; promissory notes; receipts and accounting for store purchases, school tuition, music lessons, taxes paid, and other financial transactions; and miscellaneous plantation records, including undated lists of enslaved people, household and personal inventories, and land valuations. Included are some records documenting the sale, rental, manumission, and medical expenses of enslaved people. Many of these materials relate to Ambrose Lecomte's Magnolia, Shallow Lake, and Vienna plantations. Also of interest are a permit allowing an enslaved person to go to Coin-Coin, a free woman, for four days, and the receipts documenting the expenses of Eliza Lecomte, a young white woman in the 1840s and 1850s. Many items are in French.

Box 72

Folder 896

Correspondence, 1783-1828

Includes a description of an enslaved person who was punished for going to Cloutierville for a drink. Many items are in French.

Box 72

Folder 897

Correspondence, 1930s

Box 72

Folder 898-904

Folder 898

Folder 899

Folder 900

Folder 901

Folder 902

Folder 903

Folder 904

Correspondence, 1840s-1880s

Box 73

Folder 905

Account book, 1895

Store account book belonging to May Prudhomme.

Box 73

Folder 906

Plantation records, undated

Materials include undated lists of enslaved people, household and personal inventories, land valuations, and other plantation records. Items of note include an 1841 inventory of effects belonging to Dominique, who was enslaved by Ambrose Lecomte.

Box 73

Folder 907-908

Folder 907

Folder 908

Receipts, 1765-1816

Box 73

Folder 909

Receipts, 1830s

Box 73

Folder 910

Receipts, 1830s

Box 73

Folder 911

Receipts, 1830s

Box 73

Folder 912-916

Folder 912

Folder 913

Folder 914

Folder 915

Folder 916

Receipts, 1840s

Box 73

Folder 917

Receipts, 1840s

Oversize Paper OP-613/4

Account sheet for Ambrose Lecomte, 1847

Extra Oversize Paper XOP-613/5

Account sheet for Ambrose Lecomte, 1841

Oversize Paper OP-613/6

Account sheet, undated

Box 73

Folder 918-919

Folder 918

Folder 919

Plantation records, 1850s

Box 74

Folder 920-929

Folder 920

Folder 921

Folder 922

Folder 923

Folder 924

Folder 925

Folder 926

Folder 927

Folder 928

Folder 929

Plantation records, 1850s-1870s

Box 74

Folder 930

Cotton records, 1820s-1850s

Chiefly receipts of cotton sales and shipments. Also included are a few issues of New Orleans Prices Current, Commercial Intelligencer and Merchants' Transcript.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse 4. Legal Papers, 1810-1971.

About 75 items.

Arrangement: Alphabetical by subject, then chronological.

Legal papers include agreements and indentures, deeds of property and land, judgments and suits, marriage contracts, mortgages, wills and successions. These materials chiefly concern interactions of the plantation owners with the legal system, but there is some evidence of their intersection with the lives of the people who performed the labor on the plantation as well, and typically in regard to the terms of the labor.

Box 50

Folder 545

Correspondence, 1840-1973

Chiefly concerning a land dispute, denial of patent, power of attorney, and a legal challenge to the arrest of a local doctor.

Folder 546


Worker agreements, planting agreements, tenant liens.

Box 50

Folder 547-548

Folder 547

Folder 548

Deeds, 1810-1859, 1871-

Land and property, includes the sale of enslaved people by a free Black person.

Box 50

Folder 549

Judgments and suits, 1809-1878

Includes documentation of a divorce.

Box 50

Folder 550

Leases, 1937-1971

Includes agreement with Standard Oil for drilling on property.

Box 50

Folder 551

Marriage contracts, 1855, 1875

Handwritten copies.

Box 50

Folder 552

Mortgage, 1933

P. Phanor Prudhomme II's copy of loan documents from Federal Land Bank of New Orleans covering primary and secondary mortgages on Oakland plantation.

Box 50

Folder 553

Wills and successions, 1848-1871

Box 50

Folder 554

Wills and successions, 1919-1924

J. Alphonse Prudhomme I, Eliza Prudhomme.

Box 50

Folder 555

Wills and successions, 1933-1948

Julia Prudhomme, Phanor Prudhomme II, and a list of people who attended S. Hyams's estate sale and purchases made.

Extra Oversize Paper XOP-613/47

"Tableau of Distribution Amongst the Heirs of Remy Lambre," undated

Oversize Paper OP-613/58

Passport of Achille Lebreton, 17 February 1837

In French.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 4A. Legal Materials, 1809-1868.

About 20 items.

Acquisitions Information: Accessions 99119, 99147

Box 74

Folder 931

Legal materials, 1809-1868

Materials include deeds, lawsuits, succession papers, a marriage contract, and work contracts with freedmen. Some items are in French.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 5. Genealogical Materials, 1842-1993.

About 2000 items.

Arrangement: By format.

The materials in this series document Lucile Keator Prudhomme's interest in genealogy throughout her adult life.

Correspondence is chiefly exchanges of genealogical information between Lucile Keator Prudhomme and family members, various archives in the eastern United States and in England and France, members of various genealogical societies, and other genealogists. Notebooks contain copies of Lucile's outgoing letters and include some unrelated letters and genealogical notes.

Research notes are chiefly jottings of genealogical information collected by Lucile Keator Prudhomme through correspondence and during research visits to archives and cemeteries. Lucile kept track of information in notebooks by subject, on miscellaneous scraps of paper, and on lineage charts. She also collected photocopies of 18th- and 19th-century court documents regarding the families associated with Oakland and other Cane River area properties. This subseries also contains three scrapbooks in which genealogical information has been gathered into a coherent narrative or chart form.

Family mementos include published and unpublished materials recording births, deaths, religious ceremonies, marriages, and various family celebrations. These materials reflect the family's multi-generational interest in historical record keeping.

Genealogical society materials document Lucile Keator Prudhomme's research on both her birth family and her husband's to prove lineage in order to join various genealogical societies. Included are membership materials, notebooks recording the minutes of two societies in which Lucile was active, and miscellaneous records pertaining to society history and activities.

There is also a sampling of archival publications, genealogical newsletters, photocopies of book chapters, newspaper articles, and other published materials used by Lucile Keator Prudhomme in her genealogical research. Included is a copy of her Natchitoches Cemeteries (1977).

Box 50

Folder 556-559

Folder 556

Folder 557

Folder 558

Folder 559

Genealogical correspondence, 1911, 1939-1969, and undated

Box 51

Folder 560-567

Folder 560

Folder 561

Folder 562

Folder 563

Folder 564

Folder 565

Folder 566

Folder 567

Genealogical correspondence, 1971-1992

Box 51

Folder 568-577

Folder 568

Folder 569

Folder 570

Folder 571

Folder 572

Folder 573

Folder 574

Folder 575

Folder 576

Folder 577

Genealogical notebooks, 1967-1988

Box 52

Folder 578-579

Folder 578

Folder 579

Baptismal records notebooks, 1940s, 1969

Box 52

Folder 580

Birthdays notebook, circa 1991

Box 52

Folder 581-583

Folder 581

Folder 582

Folder 583

Cemetery records notebook, 1960s-1972

Box 52

Folder 584

Church records notebook, 1950s

Includes Cloutier family in Canada

Box 52

Folder 585

Court house records (marriages) notebook, 1960s

Box 52

Folder 586-587

Folder 586

Folder 587

Daughters of the American Revolution notebook, 1957, 1977

Box 53

Folder 588

Research notebook, circa 1970

Excerpts from diaries of William S. Tourney and Adolphe Prudhomme, various genealogical publications, cemetery notes, and biographical histories of Northwest Louisiana.

Box 53

Folder 589-592

Folder 589

Folder 590

Folder 591

Folder 592

Marriage records notebooks, 1953, 1970s

Folder 590: Includes list of Natchitoches enslavers in 1862, and an essay on first gas well discovery by enslaved people in 1823.

Box 53

Folder 593

Family name research notebook: Cloutier family records, 1950s-1970s

Box 53

Folder 594

Family name research notebook: Hyams family records, 1950s-1970s

Box 53

Folder 595a

Family name research notebook: Keator and Bass family records, 1950s-1970s

Includes a guest list for fiftieth wedding anniversary party of J. Alphonse Prudhomme II and Lucile Keator Prudhomme

Box 53

Folder 595b

Family name research notebook: Keator and Blake family records, 1950s-1970s

Box 53

Folder 596

Family name research notebook: Prudhomme family records, 1950s-1970s

Box 53

Folder 597-600

Folder 597

Folder 598

Folder 599

Folder 600

Family name research notebook: Miscellaneous family records, 1950s-1970s

Box 54

Folder 601-613

Folder 601

Folder 602

Folder 603

Folder 604

Folder 605

Folder 606

Folder 607

Folder 608

Folder 609

Folder 610

Folder 611

Folder 612

Folder 613

Unbound research notes

Box 55

Folder 614-617

Folder 614

Folder 615

Folder 616

Folder 617

Unbound research notes

Box 55

Folder 618-619

Folder 618

Folder 619


Box 55

Folder 620

Agreements, 1772-1897 (photocopies)

Box 55

Folder 621

Birth, death, and baptism certificates, 1905-1974 (photocopies; arranged alphabetically)

Box 55

Folder 622-624

Folder 622

Folder 623

Folder 624

Deeds, 1786-1942 (photocopies)

Box 55

Folder 625

Judgments and suits, 1826-1906, and undated (photocopies)

Box 55

Folder 626-627

Folder 626

Folder 627

Marriage contracts, 1758-1831, 1845-1883, 1905, 1907, 1924

Box 55

Folder 628-629

Folder 628

Folder 629

Mortgages, 1888-1923 (photocopies)

Box 56

Folder 630

Wills and successions, 1814-1893, 1902 (photocopies)

Box 56

Folder 631

Miscellaneous, 1903-1980, and undated (photocopies)

Box 56

Folder 632

Lambre family lineage, 1842-1944

Brief narrative written by Emma Breazeale Lambre.

Box 56

Folder 633-634

Folder 633

Folder 634

Prudhomme-Keator genealogical scrapbook, 1955-1975

Traces both family trees across many generations; includes pictures, postcards, newspaper clippings and other miscellaneous bits of information that have been glued to pages; compiled by Lucile Keator Prudhomme.

Box 56

Folder 635

Solomon Williams family lineage, 1984

Research compiled by Carol Lee Thomas on the family tree of Solomon Williams, an enslaved person who worked as a blacksmith on the Phanor Prudhomme I plantation. Compiler documents sources used; disassembled album.

Oversize Paper OP-613/53

John Lanier family lineage

Box 56

Folder 636-639

Folder 636

Folder 637

Folder 638

Folder 639

Birth announcements

Cards, clippings.

Box 56

Folder 640

Marriage records

See also subseries 7.7 Invitations.

Box 56

Folder 641

P. Phanor Prudhomme II, 50th wedding anniversary guest book, 1941

Box 56

Folder 642

Samuel M. Hyams and Marie Emma Cloutier Hyams, 50th wedding anniversary guest book, 1957

Box 57

Folder 643-647

Folder 643

Folder 644

Folder 645

Folder 646

Folder 647

Death announcements, programs, obituaries

Box 57

Folder 648-649

Folder 648

Folder 649

Mass cards, 1964, 1968

Samuel M. Hyams, J. Alphonse Prudhomme III.

Box 57

Folder 650

Memorial book for J. Alphonse Prudhomme III, 1988

Box 57

Folder 651-653

Folder 651

Folder 652

Folder 653

Miscellaneous records and clippings

Includes certificates for honorary offices, selective service, Knights of Columbus.

Oversize Paper OP-613/11a-19

Family communion and confirmation certificates, 1909-1945

Box 57

Folder 653

Membership applications, 1931-1985

Various societies

Box 57

Folder 654

Membership cards, circa 1920-1960

Daughters of the American Revolution

Box 58

Folder 655-657

Folder 655

Folder 656

Folder 657

Colonial Dames XVII Century, Louisiana Society and Daughters of the American Revolution activities, 1978-1982

Box 58

Folder 658-665

Folder 658

Folder 659

Folder 660

Folder 661

Folder 662

Folder 663

Folder 664

Folder 665

Yearbook for Daughters of the American Revolution, St. Denis Chapter, 1935-1964

Box 58

Folder 666-669

Folder 666

Folder 667

Folder 668

Folder 669

Miscellaneous, 1939-1993

Box 58

Folder 670

Cloutier Collection, 1966

Box 58

Folder 671

Huit Premieres Generations de la Genealogie Descendante de Denis Cloutier, 1984

Box 59

Folder 672

Denison, miscellaneous

Box 59

Folder 673

Keator Family in America, 1961

Box 59

Folder 674

Natchitoches Cemeteries, 1977, by Lucile Keator Prudhomme

Box 59

Folder 675

Papers of the Fifth Grand Reunion of the Descendants of the Founders of Natchitoches, 1984; Papers of the Sixth Grand Reunion of the Descendants of the Founders of Natchitoches, 1985; Selected Papers of the Seventh Grand Reunion of the Descendants of the Founders of Natchitoches , 1986

Box 59

Folder 676

Reflections, June 1984-April 1992, newsletter of the founders of Natchitoches

Box 59

Folder 677

World Book of Prudhommes, 1991

Box 59

Folder 678

Miscellaneous pamphlets, articles, and clippings

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 5A. Genealogical Materials, 1846-1923.

About 15 items.

Acquisitions Information: Accessions 99119, 99147

Research notes, background material, and family mementos relating to Prudhomme family genealogy.

Box 74

Folder 932

Research notes, undated

Box 74

Folder 933

Family mementos, 1846-1923

Box 74

Folder 934

Folder number not used

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 6. Maps and Plats, 1816-1977.

About 25 items.

Arrangement: Chronological.

Chiefly copies of mid-1800s plats of the Cane River plantations, probably issued for administration of successions. Included are an undated survey with measurement points for crop boundaries; also, a 1977 aerial map of Oakland plantation, an undated oil and gas map of Natchitoches Parish, La., and an undated annotated map of plats in part of Natchitoches Parish.

Folder 679


Box 59

Folder 680


Includes survey of crop boundaries.

Extra Oversize Paper XOP-613/21

Aerial image of land along Red River, 1977

Extra Oversize Paper XOP-613/22

Blossom Oil and Gas Company, Lake Flemmins derrick sites, Campti, La.,

Extra Oversize Paper XOP-613/23

Plat, circa 1830

Extra Oversize Paper XOP-613/24

Plat, circa 1830

Extra Oversize Paper XOP-613/25

Plat of land ownership, 1837

Extra Oversize Paper XOP-613/27

Plat of Deblieuse, 1854

Oversize Paper OP-613/28

Survey of land on the Red River near Natchitoches, 1857

Oversize Paper OP-613/29

Survey of land on the Red River near Natchitoches, 1863

Oversize Paper OP-613/30

Survey of land

Extra Oversize Paper XOP-613/31

Plat of Natchitoches Parish,

Oversize Paper OP-613/54

Plat of land ownership, undated

Oversize Paper OP-613/55

Plat of land ownership, circa 1840

Oversize Paper OP-613/56

Plat of land ownership, circa 1840

Oversize Paper OP-613/57

Plat of land ownership, circa 1850

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 6A. Maps and Plats, 1768.

1 item.

Acquisitions Information: Accessions 99119, 99147

Plat of land between Bermuda, La. and Natchitoches, La..

Extra Oversize Paper XOP-613/20


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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 7. Photographic Materials, circa 1880-1993.

About 5000 items.

Arrangement: By format.

Documents Prudhomme family and neighbors, including the Keator and Hyam families, the big house and renovations, World War I, travel, quilting, anniversary celebrations. There are some 19th-century materials, but materials date chiefly from the 20th century (1910s-1980s).

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 7.1. Photographs, circa 1880-1993.

About 2500 items.

Arrangement: Alphabetical by family name, then subject.

Extended Prudhomme and Keator families are documented. Chiefly portraits of individuals and families and images of their gatherings, such as for holidays, birthdays, weddings, recreation, and travel. Nineteenth-century portraits have cardboard backing. Architectural images include interior and exterior views of Oakland and its 19th-century tools. Renovations of 1953 and 1964 are documented. Other architectural images document various Keator homes. Genealogical society activities also are documented. Miscellaneous images include pets, World War I, and construction scenes. Nearly all photographs are annotated with names and dates. Some negatives are available.

Special Format Image SF-P-613/1

Walter Stuart Blake, daguerreotype

Special Format Image SF-P-613/2

Walter Stuart Blake, tintype

Special Format Image SF-P-613/3

Elisha Breazeale and Mary Keator Breazeale, with others seated in a car, tintype

Special Format Image SF-P-613/4

Mary Keator Breazeale and Kate Keator[?] in car, tintype

Special Format Image SF-P-613/5

Mary Keator Breazeale and Kate Keator[?] in car, tintype

Special Format Image SF-P-613/6

Unidentified man with hand on crossed leg, tintype

Special Format Image SF-P-613/7

Unidentified man with hands on lapels, tintype

Special Format Image SF-P-613/8

Unidentified man with hat, tintype

Special Format Image SF-P-613/9

Unidentified man, ambrotype

Special Format Image SF-P-613/10

Unidentified man with cane in left hand, tintype

Special Format Image SF-P-613/11

Unidentified man, tintype

Special Format Image SF-P-613/12

Unidentified baby with cat, glass covered photograph

Special Format Image SF-P-613/13

Headshots of 20 unidentified men, daguerreotype

Special Format Image SF-P-613/14a

Unidentified couple, tintype

Special Format Image SF-P-613/14b

Unidentified couple, tintype

Special Format Image SF-P-613/14c

Unidentified couple, tintype

Oversize Image Folder OP-P-613/1

Photographs of a 1949 youth group, a 1949 religious group meeting, and a 1974 genealogical society meeting; collage of Oakland plantation scenes, undated

Image Folder PF-613/1

Elisha Breazeale and Mary Keator Breazeale, undated

Image Folder PF-613/2

Harriet Prudhomme Breazeale, 1910-circa 1920, and undated

Image Folder PF-613/3

Other Breazeale family, circa 1900

Image Folder PF-613/4

Blanche Capaville, circa 1900

Image Folder PF-613/5a

Cloutier family, circa 1880-1983

Image Folder PF-613/5b

Cloutier family, circa 1880-1983

Image Folder PF-613/5c

Cloutier family, circa 1880-1983

Image Folder PF-613/5d

Cloutier family, circa 1880-1983

Image Folder PF-613/5e

Cloutier family, circa 1880-1983

Image Folder PF-613/6

Cunningham family, circa 1910-1950

Image Folder PF-613/7

Seessel Breazeale Durand, undated

Image Folder PF-613/8

Frampton family, circa 1890-1900

Image Folder PF-613/9

Hyams family, circa 1920-1940

Image Folder PF-613/10

Charles D. Keator, circa 1900-1910

Image Folder PF-613/11

Charles D. Keator and family, circa 1914-1971

Image Folder PF-613/12

Charles E. Keator, circa 1911

Image Folder PF-613/13

James E. Keator, circa 1900

Image Folder PF-613/14

James T. Keator and family, circa 1890

Image Folder PF-613/15

Kate "Kitten" Keator (individual), undated

Image Folder PF-613/16

Kate "Kitten" Keator (group), circa 1890-1940

Image Folder PF-613/17

Kate "Kitten" Keator and Mary Keator Breazeale, 1892-circa 1960

Image Folder PF-613/18

Mabel Keator, circa 1910-1940

Image Folder PF-613/19

Mayo S. Keator, undated

Image Folder PF-613/20

Keator family (group), circa 1900-1960

Image Folder PF-613/21

Extended Keator family, 1905-1944, and undated

Image Folder PF-613/22

Lambre family, 1889-1909, and undated

Image Folder PF-613/23

Legrand family, 1966-1986

Image Folder PF-613/24

Metoyer family, undated

Image Folder PF-613/25

Murray-Masters family, circa 1880-1952

Image Folder PF-613/26

J. Alphonse Prudhomme II, 1918-1991

Image Folder PF-613/27

J. Alphonse Prudhomme III and family, 1944-circa 1990

Image Folder PF-613/28

Kenneth Prudhomme and family, 1943-1991

Image Folder PF-613/29

Lucile Keator Prudhomme (individual), circa 1910-1992

Image Folder PF-613/30

Lucile Keator Prudhomme (group), circa 1908-1990

Image Folder PF-613/31

Lucile Keator Prudhomme and J. Alphonse Prudhomme II, 1949-1989

Image Folder PF-613/32

Mayo Prudhomme and family, 1945-1978

Image Folder PF-613/33

Vivian Prudhomme Flores and family, circa 1940-1990

Image Folder PF-613/34

Prudhomme family, 3rd and 4th generations

Image Folder PF-613/35a

Prudhomme family, 5th generation, circa 1890-1940

Image Folder PF-613/36

Prudhomme family, 6th generation, 1930-1951

Image Folder PF-613/37-38



Extended Prudhomme family

Image Folder PF-613/39

Tremble family, 1906-1917

Image Folder PF-613/40

Adele Prudhomme Brett and family, 1961-1986

Image Folder PF-613/41

Voiers family, 1890-1920

Image Folder PF-613/42

Miscellaneous people: A-E

Image Folder PF-613/43

Miscellaneous people: H-L

Image Folder PF-613/44

Miscellaneous people: M-R

Image Folder PF-613/45

Miscellaneous people: S-W

Image Folder PF-613/46-47



Miscellaneous people: Unidentified

Image Folder PF-613/48

Events: Valentine dance, February 1951

Image Folder PF-613/49

Events: Lucile Keator Prudhomme's 80th birthday, 1986

Image Folder PF-613/50

Events: J. Alphonse Prudhomme II's 91st birthday, 1987

Image Folder PF-613/51

Events: Special mass for Lucile Keator Prudhomme and J. Alphonse Prudhomme II, 1988

Image Folder PF-613/52

Events: Wedding anniversaries, 1984, 1989

Image Folder PF-613/53

Events: Miscellaneous gatherings (identified), 1978-1981

Image Folder PF-613/54

Genealogical societies, 1970s

Image Folder PF-613/55

Genealogical societies, 1980s

Image Folder PF-613/56-57



Keator family homes: Bermuda, La., 1916

Image Folder PF-613/58

Keator family homes: New York, 1906-circa 1915

Image Folder PF-613/59

Keator family homes: Webster Groves, Mo., 1906-1944, and undated

Image Folder PF-613/60

Oakland plantation: Buildings, 1901-1968

Image Folder PF-613/61

Oakland plantation: Fishing camp scenes, 1933-1934

Image Folder PF-613/62

Oakland plantation: Interior, 1968-1986

Image Folder PF-613/63

Oakland plantation: Portraits

Image Folder PF-613/64

Oakland plantation: Renovations, 1953

Image Folder PF-613/65

Oakland plantation: Renovations, 1964

Image Folder PF-613/66

Oakland plantation: tools from 19th century

Image Folder PF-613/67

Oakland plantation: Tour, 1963, 1971-1972

Image Folder PF-613/68-69



Oakland plantation: Miscellaneous outdoor views

Image Folder PF-613/70

Travel, 1913-1916

Image Folder PF-613/71

Travel, 1941-1968

Image Folder PF-613/72

Travel, 1973-1983

Image Folder PF-613/73-75




World War I

Image Folder PF-613/76

Miscellaneous: baseball, circa 1890

Image Folder PF-613/77

Miscellaneous: Bermuda Bridge

Image Folder PF-613/78

Miscellaneous: Construction scenes, circa 1900-1940

Image Folder PF-613/79

Miscellaneous: Louisiana and Missouri homes, circa 1900-1941

Image Folder PF-613/80

Miscellaneous: Inventions by Mayo S. Keator

Image Folder PF-613/81

Miscellaneous: Pets

Image Folder PF-613/82

Miscellaneous: Railroad

Image Folder PF-613/83

Miscellaneous: Scenes (identified), including outdoor church service and various sites in St. Louis, Mo.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 7.2. Slides, 1904-1980.

About 500 items.

Arrangement: Chronological (family images and historic Oakland plantation images are separated).

Chiefly images of family gatherings for weddings, holidays, and other events, and travel. Oakland plantation images include 19th-century tools, miscellaneous outdoor views. Images are in black-and-white and color.

Image Folder PF-613/84

World's Fair[?] in St. Louis, Mo., 1904

Image Folder PF-613/85

Keator family[?], May 1941-October 1945

Image Folder PF-613/86

Keator family, Oakland plantation, October 1945-1955

Image Folder PF-613/87

Christmas, Easter, Kenneth Prudhomme and Sally Prudhomme's wedding, Vivian Prudhomme Flores's classroom, Mother's day, 7th generation of Prudhommes, 1957-1958

Image Folder PF-613/88

7th generation Prudhommes, February 1960 snow, Christmas, Vivian Prudhomme Flores's wedding rehearsal supper, 1959-1960

Image Folder PF-613/89

Travel[?], circa 1960

Image Folder PF-613/90

7th generation Prudhommes, Kisatchie National Forest, air shows, Vivian Prudhomme Flores's home, Hodges' Gardens, 1961-1962

Image Folder PF-613/91

Travel to western United States and British Columbia, 1963

Image Folder PF-613/92

Oakland plantation museum, well tools, and antiques

Image Folder PF-613/93

Oakland plantation "Project Discovery", circa 1980

Image Folder PF-613/94

Miscellaneous, circa 1955-1985

35mm color negatives

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 7.3. Photograph Albums, 1906-1980s.

10 items.

Albums chiefly document the extended family and friends of the Prudhommes and Keators and their holiday and social gatherings from the 1920s to the 1980s. Photographs of recreation activities, family weddings, and travel are numerous. Also included are childhood and young adult photographs of Lucile Keator Prudhomme, her children, who represent the 6th generation of Prudhommes, and her grandchildren, the 7th generation. Many photographs were annotated by Lucile Keator Prudhomme. Some albums have been disassembled for preservation. Negatives are available for some photographs.

Photograph Album PA-613/23


Includes photographs of Lucile Keator Prudhomme as a child; sixth generation Prudhommes as children; J. Alphonse Prudhomme III's wedding; World War II training camp; Oakland plantation renovations; miscellaneous Keators and Prudhommes.

Photograph Album PA-613/24


Prudhomme and Keator family and friends.

Photograph Album PA-613/25


Lucile Keator Prudhomme at school, with friends and relatives in Bermuda, La., and Webster Groves, Mo.

Photograph Album PA-613/26

Circa 1920

Chiefly Keator family photos, including some swimming scenes.

Image Folder PF-613/95-97




Circa 1940-1969

Prudhomme family and friends, travel, and weddings (disassembled album).

Image Folder PF-613/98-100





Oakland plantation scenes with various Prudhomme and Keator friends and relatives (disassembled album).

Image Folder PF-613/101-103





Oakland plantation in the snow; 7th generation Prudhommes; genealogical society events; Mayo S. Keator's inventions; filming of Horse Soldiers (disassembled album).

Image Folder PF-613/104

"Grandma's Gallery,"1961-1966

Vivian Prudhomme Flores's children (disassembled album).

Image Folder PF-613/105-109






1969-circa 1985

Travel; family gatherings, including weddings; Oakland plantation; genealogical society events (disassembled album).

Image Folder PF-613/110

"Our Golden Wedding Anniversary", 9 August 1974

Lucile Keator Prudhomme and J. Alphonse Prudhomme II's 50th wedding anniversary mass and reception (disassembled album).

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 7A. Photographic Materials, circa 1900.

2 items.

Acquisitions Information: Accessions 99119, 99147

Photographs of Eliza Lecomte, Julia Prudhomme, and Noelie Prudhomme of the fifth generation of Prudhomme family.

Image Folder PF-613/35b

Prudhomme family, 5th generation

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 8. Audio Materials, 1986-1989.

2 items.

Audio recordings of Prudhomme family.

Audiocassette C-00613/1

Appreciation Mass for Papa and Lu Lu, 1986


Recording of Catholic mass said in honor of J. Alphonse Prudhomme and Lucile Keator Prudhomme.

Audiocassette C-00613/2

"Battle of Bermuda Bridge,"9 December 1989


Recording of Paul Harvey describing battle in which three children, J. Alphonse Prudhomme III, Kenneth Prudhomme, and Mayo Prudhomme, defeated the U.S. Army under George S. Patton in "war games" training near Oakland plantation in September 1941; interview with Kenneth Prudhomme and Mayo Prudhomme recorded November 1994.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 9. Film Materials, 1963.

2 items.
Film F-00613/1

Oakland plantation, August 1963

Includes roof work and seventh generation Prudhommes.

Film F-00613/2

Home movie of road trip to western United States and British Columbia, September-October 1963

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 10. Other Materials, 1811-1995.

About 1000 items.

Primarily materials that relate to the social life and non-business interests of the Prudhomme and Keator families. Address books, day planners and calendars, club records, and invitations evidence the breadth and depth of social contacts and activities engaged in on a regular basis. The political papers, Oakland and other historic Natchitoches materials, scrapbooks, recipes, remedies, and instructions, advertising materials, and the miscellaneous materials document a wide range of interests, from political leadership in the community to historic preservation and domestic arts to sporting activities and travel. School, military, and religious materials suggest three important undercurrents valued by every generation of the Prudhomme and Keator families: education, service to country, and the Catholic faith. Finally, blueprints and designs and field books illustrate Mayo S. Keator's engineering work with railroads and his interest in architecture.

There are scrapbooks with announcements and clippings about the family, the plantation, Bermuda and Natchitoches history and social life, war, religion, and genealogical society activities. Many of the scrapbooks include poetry, greeting cards, postal cards, and other mementos. The earliest scrapbooks are illustrative of the interests of white girls and women, particularly in the 1880s and 1890s. Postal card scrapbooks have been disassembled for preservation and to provide access to verso annotations. Postal cards are stored in original order.

Box 59

Folder 681-688

Folder 681

Folder 682

Folder 683

Folder 684

Folder 685

Folder 686

Folder 687

Folder 688

Address books, 1926-1946

Mayo S. Keator, Lucile Keator Prudhomme, J. Alphonse Prudhomme, Peter L. Prudhomme.

Box 59

Folder 689-690

Folder 689

Folder 690

Advertising materials, 1875-1960

Decorative cards, calendars, bookmarks, business cards, and broadsides advertising products and services.

Oversize Paper OP-613/3

Broadside advertisement for Avery Bee-Line Bursters

Box 60

Folder 691-693

Folder 691

Folder 692

Folder 693

Blueprints and design specifications, 1873, 1916, 1963, and undated

Includes specification for a Lecomte store in Natchitoches, a volume of Mayo S. Keator's notes on house in Webster Groves, Mo., and an unidentified house in Natchitoches, possibly owned by Antoine Prudhomme.

Oversize Paper OP-613/48

Blueprint for a bridge, undated

Extra Oversize Paper XOP-613/49-52





Blueprints for a gin press, undated

Box 60

Folder 694-697

Folder 694

Folder 695

Folder 696

Folder 697

Club materials, 1896-1949

Materials include membership cards, activity programs, minutes, meeting notices for various groups, including Knights of Columbus, Order of the Eastern Star, American Legion Auxiliary, Catholic Cemetery Association, Social Tennis Club, Harmony Literary Club of St. Louis, St. Louis Tercentenary Shakespeare Society, Webster Groves Garden Club.

Box 60

Folder 698-705

Folder 698

Folder 699

Folder 700

Folder 701

Folder 702

Folder 703

Folder 704

Folder 705

Day books and calendars, 1897-1991

Day planners and calendars are brief records of daily social and work activities, birthday and death dates, comings and goings of family members, weather, addresses, and other miscellaneous information, such as children's layettes.

Box 61

Folder 706-708

Folder 706

Folder 707

Folder 708

Day books and calendars, 1897-1991

Day planners and calendars are brief records of daily social and work activities, birthday and death dates, comings and goings of family members, weather, addresses, and other miscellaneous information, such as children's layettes.

Box 61

Folder 709-717

Folder 709

Folder 710

Folder 711

Folder 712

Folder 713

Folder 714

Folder 715

Folder 716

Folder 717

Field books, 1912-1918

Mayo S Keator's notes on work he supervised as a civil engineer for Terminal Railroad Association; contacts with contractors, expenses, and payments.

Box 61

Folder 718-719

Folder 718

Folder 719

Invitations, 1839-1992

Chiefly wedding showers, baby showers, dances, and "at home" invitations. See also Scrapbooks Subseries 10.14 for more invitations.

Box 62

Folder 720-725

Folder 720

Folder 721

Folder 722

Folder 723

Folder 724

Folder 725

Military materials, 1828-1957

At least four Prudhommes across three generations served in the military between the Civil War and the 1950s. World War I materials include souvenir programs that document J. Alphonse Prudhomme II's social life in postwar Paris, materials produced by the U.S. Army to provide information about uniforms, military discipline and etiquette, life insurance, reacculturation, and social events for soldiers, paperwork assigning him to Motor Transport Corps, leave passes, letter of commendation, pay record book, and some issues of the "Kroonland Daily Wireless" from September 1919. World War II-related materials include a selective service card for Donald L. Prudhomme and a guide to the armed forces. The Newton Voiers and Warren Voiers folder relates to the military service of these Prudhomme neighbors and relatives through marriage. Included are identification cards, photographs, and memoranda from the Veterans Administration upon death of Warren Voiers in 1957. See also war time correspondence in Subseries 1.1, Fulbert Cloutier's Civil War diary in Series 2, and World War I-related photographs in Series 7.

Oversize Paper OP-613/32

Appointment of Ambrose Lecomte as Second Lieutenant in the Natchitoches Artillery, 18th Regiment, 1828

Oversize Paper OP-613/33

J. Alphonse Prudhomme appointment as adjutant in the Confederate Army, 1862

Oversize Paper OP-613/34

Roster, Advance MTC Supply Depot 702, Paris, France, undated

Box 62

Folder 726-730

Folder 726

Folder 727

Folder 728

Folder 729

Folder 730

Oakland and Other Historic Natchitoches Materials, 1941-1997

Documents the Prudhommes' long interest and active participation in historic preservation activities and reenactment events in Natchitoches. Included are correspondence and drawings related to preservation of Oakland plantation and its listing on the National Registry of Historic Places, and miscellaneous notes, printed material, and clippings describing historic tour programs and Oakland's importance to Natchitoches, La.

Oversize Paper OP-613/35

Holiday card featuring Oakland, 1988

Oversize Paper OP-613/36

Oakland drawing, 1959

Oversize Paper OP-613/37

Map of historic Natchitoches, 1967

Box 62

Folder 731-740

Folder 731

Folder 732

Folder 733

Folder 734

Folder 735

Folder 736

Folder 737

Folder 738

Folder 739

Folder 740

Guestbooks, 1901-1995

Box 63

Folder 741-746

Folder 741

Folder 742

Folder 743

Folder 744

Folder 745

Folder 746

Guestbooks, 1901-1995

Box 63

Folder 747

Undated notes

Includes descriptions of the plantation, its buildings and furnishing, probably written by Lucile Keator Prudhomme for historic tour presentations.

Box 63

Folder 748-749

Folder 748

Folder 749

Clippings (unarranged)

Box 63

Folder 750-752

Folder 750

Folder 751

Folder 752

Printed material, 1950-1989 and undated

Box 64

Folder 753

Printed material, 1950-1989 and undated

Box 64

Folder 754-761b

Political papers, 1811

Political papers include voter registrations, code of local law for Natchitoches, an 1833 list of parish voters, an 1860 census, and election results submitted by the parish judge to the secretary of state of Louisiana for local, state, and national offices, and adoption of the 1845 state constitution. Also of note are the minutes of the Taxpayer Association/Conservative Democrat Party. The Taxpayer Association formed in opposition to the "Radical Party" in 1874 to reform the tax schedule. Within a short time the group reorganized as the People's Party, a political party with the intention of electing delegates to the state nominating convention. In 1876, the group reorganized again and renamed itself the Conservative Democrat Party. Some items in French.

Items of note:

Folder 758: Census ledger tracks name, sex, age, skin color, profession, value of personal and real estate, place of birth, at school, disabilities (deaf, mute, and blindness), and literacy for approximately 350 families, probably in Natchitoches Parish, La.

Oversize Paper OP-613/38

List of members of House of Representatives in Louisiana, undated

Oversize Paper OP-613/39

Justice of the peace form

Box 64

Folder 762-763

Folder 762

Folder 763

Crochet and knitting instruction book, 1896

Chiefly newsprint pasted over an old stock account ledger.

Box 64

Folder 764-767

Folder 764

Folder 765

Folder 766

Folder 767

Recipe books, undated

Mable B. Keator's handwritten and newsprint recipes pasted over Latin lessons notebook.

Box 64

Folder 768

Remedies, 1939, and undated

Chiefly in French.

Folder 769-771

Folder 769

Folder 770

Folder 771

Religious materials, 1850-1986

Religious materials demonstrate an intense affiliation of nearly 200 years with the Catholic Church. Included are handwritten copies of prayers; prayer cards depicting saints and religious scenes, which were given to and by recipients of the sacraments; and a small sampling of miscellaneous programs and printed materials for religious events and sites of importance to family members. Some items in French. See also Subseries 10.14 Scrapbooks for additional collections of religious materials.

Box 65

Folder 772-774

Folder 772

Folder 773

Folder 774

School materials, 1853-1992

Commencement announcements, diplomas, tuition bills and receipts, and report cards.

Oversize Paper OP-613/40

Peter P. Prudhomme telegraphy certificate from Notre Dame, undated

Oversize Paper OP-613/41

"Testimonial of Satisfaction" to Peter P. Prudhomme's good behavior at Notre Dame, undated

Oversize Paper OP-613/42

E. W. Breazeale medical license, 1903

Extra Oversize Paper XOP-613/43

Pauline Bossier diploma from Nazareth Female Academy, 30 June 1853

Extra Oversize Paper XOP-613/44

Peter P. Prudhomme diploma from University of Notre Dame, 20 June 1888

Photograph Album PA-613/1

Scrapbook: Fanny Bossier Prudhomme, 1860

Poetry and cut out pictures, correspondence.

Photograph Album PA-613/2

Scrapbook: Angela Lambre, 1881

A gift from Cecilia Dauphin, with poetry, cut-out figures, calling cards.

Photograph Album PA-613/3

Scrapbook: Marie Coralie Cloutier, 1890

Photograph Album PA-613/4

Scrapbook: P. Phanor Prudhomme II, 1885-1887; 1896

Clippings of cartoons, advice, and etiquette, writings, political party tickets; previously an expenses ledger from the 1880s.

Photograph Album PA-613/5

Scrapbook: Women's invitations, ribbons, advertising, circa 1900

Enclosures include postcards, correspondence, calling cards, greeting cards, gift cards for 30 April 1907 wedding of Emma Hyams and Samuel M. Hyams.

Photograph Album PA-613/6

Scrapbook: Elma Lambre, 1896-1906

Postcards, cut out pictures, correspondence.

Photograph Album PA-613/7

Scrapbook: Lucile Keator Prudhomme, circa 1924

Wedding gift cards, dance cards, invitations, greeting cards, napkins.

Photograph Album PA-613/8

Scrapbook: Historical images, 1920s

Photograph Album PA-613/9

Scrapbook: Religious-themed cut out figures and scenes, 1910-circa 1930

Photograph Album PA-613/10

Scrapbook: Lucile Keator Prudhomme, 1930-1950

Anniversary, birthday, and holiday greeting cards.

Photograph Album PA-613/11

Scrapbook: Greeting cards sent to Mabel Keator, circa 1930

Photograph Album PA-613/12

Scrapbook: Lucie Prudhomme, 1933

A gift from her mother, Laure Cloutier Prudhomme, with greeting cards and quilt and crochet patterns clipped from newspapers.

Photograph Album PA-613/13

Scrapbook: Daughters of the American Revolution family and place histories, 1935

Photograph Album PA-613/14

Scrapbook: Daughters of the American Revolution meetings and social activities, 1935-1942

Includes a short history of Oakland.

Photograph Album PA-613/15

Scrapbook: Mayo K. Prudhomme, circa 1940

Child's scrapbook of cut out pictures.

Photograph Album PA-613/16

Scrapbook, 1900-1950

Clippings of war, religious images, women's enfranchisement in England, relations with England, political cartoons.

Photograph Album PA-613/17

Scrapbook, 1930-1940

Religious and historical images; many pages have been laid out but not glued in.

Photograph Album PA-613/18

Scrapbook: P. Phanor Prudhomme II, circa 1940-1960

Clippings of social record, obituaries, calling cards, get well, sympathy, birthday, and anniversary greeting cards.

Photograph Album PA-613/19-20



Scrapbook: Road trip from Bermuda, La., to western United States, 1963

Includes Arizona, California, Oregon, Washington, and Idaho, and British Columbia; includes postcards, placemats, photographs, receipts, brochures, maps, matchbooks (matches have been removed), and drink stirrers, all with annotations; enclosures include a small notebook with notes on expenses, itinerary, and mileage.

Photograph Album PA-613/21

Scrapbook: Colonial Dames XVII Century, 1971-1973, 1979

Events, meetings, and correspondence (Lucile Keator Prudhomme was president of the local chapter, 1971-1973); annual historic tour of Oakland and Natchitoches, La.

Photograph Album PA-613/22

Scrapbook: Colonial Dames XVII Century, 1977-1978

State conference, clippings, certificates, pages from other Louisiana chapters (Lucile K. Prudhomme was state president, 1977-1978).

Box 65

Folder 775

Scrapbook: "Bermuda Gleanings,"1890

Newspaper clippings with social news of social comings and goings of Bermuda's residents; some business news.

Box 65

Folder 776

Scrapbook, December 1918

Adele Prudhomme and Eliza Elizabeth Prudhomme compiled jokes printed in newspaper and then pasted into a notebook for J. Alphonse Prudhomme II.

Box 65

Folder 777

Scrapbook, circa 1890-1920

Program from band concert, French fashion, photocopy of prisoner of war release, deed for sale of land, poetry, school programs.

Box 65

Folder 778-779

Folder 778

Folder 779

Invitations, printed cards for marriages and birthdays, religious materials, death notices, valentines

Box 65

Folder 780-783

Folder 780

Folder 781

Folder 782

Folder 783

Clippings, including genealogical information

Box 65

Folder 784-787

Folder 784

Folder 785

Folder 786

Folder 787

Emma Cloutier: postcards, circa 1905-1910

Box 66

Folder 788-794

Folder 788

Folder 789

Folder 790

Folder 791

Folder 792

Folder 793

Folder 794

J. Alphonse Prudhomme II, from his grandmother, circa 1908-1926

Scenic vistas, advertisements, holidays, historic sites; includes Lucile Keator Prudhomme's postcards.

Box 66

Folder 795-799

Folder 795

Folder 796

Folder 797

Folder 798

Folder 799

Adele Prudhomme and Lise Prudhomme, 1910-1926

Approximately 350 postcards.

Box 66

Folder 800-803

Folder 800

Folder 801

Folder 802

Folder 803

Adele Prudhomme, 1926

Summer in St. Louis, Mo.

Box 67

Folder 804-814

Folder 804

Folder 805

Folder 806

Folder 807

Folder 808

Folder 809

Folder 810

Folder 811

Folder 812

Folder 813

Folder 814

Adele Prudhomme, 1926

Summer in St. Louis, Mo.

Box 67

Folder 815-818

Folder 815

Folder 816

Folder 817

Folder 818

Postcards, circa 1900-1920

Box 68

Folder 819-835

Folder 819

Folder 820

Folder 821

Folder 822

Folder 823

Folder 824

Folder 825

Folder 826

Folder 827

Folder 828

Folder 829

Folder 830

Folder 831

Folder 832

Folder 833

Folder 834

Folder 835

Postcards, circa 1900-1920

Box 69

Folder 836-852

Folder 836

Folder 837

Folder 838

Folder 839

Folder 840

Folder 841

Folder 842

Folder 843

Folder 844

Folder 845

Folder 846

Folder 847

Folder 848

Folder 849

Folder 850

Folder 851

Folder 852

Postcards, circa 1900-1930

Box 69

Folder 853

Essay on historic homes of Louisiana with postcard illustrations, by Catherine Hooker or Flora Hooker, 1947

Box 70

Folder 854-867

Folder 854

Folder 855

Folder 856

Folder 857

Folder 858

Folder 859

Folder 860

Folder 861

Folder 862

Folder 863

Folder 864

Folder 865

Folder 866

Folder 867

Postcards, circa 1950-1970

Box 70

Folder 868

Collection of typed transcriptions of letters, legal documents, and an article about Hot Springs National Park

Probably assembled as a scrapbook of genealogical research.

Box 70

Folder 869

Amusements, 1946 and undated

Box 70

Folder 870

Appointments, 1845, 1867, 1925

Includes notices of appointment to police jury, postmaster, and New Orleans Police Department. See also Subseries 10.8 Military Materials.

Oversize Paper OP-613/45

Appointment of James A. Prudhomme to Postmaster at Bermuda, La., 1924

Box 70

Folder 871

Baseball, 1899

Includes scorecards and clippings.

Box 70

Folder 872

Booklists, 1930s

Handwritten list of books with antebellum imprints in Prudhomme library.

Box 70

Folder 873a

Garden notebook, circa 1908

Location and name of rosebushes and other flowers in garden.

Box 70

Folder 873b

Horse racing materials, 1848-1860 and undated

Jockey subscription list, pedigree advertisement, clippings, correspondence, and race announcement.

Oversize Paper OP-613/46

Horseracing notice, undated

Box 70

Folder 874

Inventions and patents, 1892-1942

Correspondence related to Mayo S. Keator's warfare inventions, and Doctors Leveque and Lawton's patent application for "Dr. L.M. Leveque's Night Pill".

Box 71

Folder 875

Postcards: Natchitoches and other Louisiana locations

Box 71

Folder 876-885

Folder 876

Folder 877

Folder 878

Folder 879

Folder 880

Folder 881

Folder 882

Folder 883

Folder 884

Folder 885


World War I, Paris, a road trip to western United States and British Columbia.

Box 71

Folder 886

Travel itineraries, 1981 and undated

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 10A. Other Materials, 1838-1872.

About 45 items.

Acquisitions Information: Accessions 99119, 99147

Chiefly undated materials relating to military service; historic Oakland plantation; Louisiana politics; recipes, remedies, and instructions; horse racing; and other miscellaneous interests of the Prudhomme family.

Box 74

Folder 935

Military materials, 1863 and undated

Materials include permission to proceed to Texas with exemption from impressment of property, and an application to United Confederate Veterans.

Box 74

Folder 936

Oakland Plantation history, undated

Box 74

Folder 937

Political papers, 1838-1872

Chiefly election results and voter registrations; includes an address to Central Democratic Committee of Natchitoches, La.

Box 74

Folder 938

Recipes, remedies, and instructions, undated

Box 74

Folder 939


Scrapbook of of 18th- and 19th-century personal and financial correspondence and receipts. Chiefly in French.

Box 74

Folder 940

Horse racing materials, 1851-1860, and undated

Chiefly materials pertaining to horse racing, including pedigrees, meeting minutes, rules and regulations, and newspaper accounts of races at Metairie Jockey Club in New Orleans, La.

Box 74

Folder 941

Miscellaneous, undated

Oversize Paper OP-613/7

Timeline of American history from 1764-1841, 1855

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 11. Microfilm, 1990.

3 items.
Reel R-613/1-3




1990 microfilm of original Phanor Prudhomme Papers collection, 1804-1940

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Items Separated

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