Collection Number: 00695-z

Collection Title: Samuel Hollingsworth Stout Papers, 1843-1911

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the Duplication Policy section for more information.

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Size 6 items.
Abstract Samuel Hollingsworth Stout was born in Tennessee and served as the organizer and medical director of the Hospital Department of the Confederate Army in Tennessee, Mississippi, Georgia, Alabama, and Louisiana. After the war, Stout worked as a physician in Georgia and Tennessee and, in the 1890s, as Texas Commissioner of Education. Official and personal correspondence, reports, receipts, certificates, and other materials relating to Samuel Hollingsworth Stout's work with the Hospital Department of the Confederate Army of Tennessee during the Civil War. There are also scattered items that pertain to Stout's postwar work as a doctor in Georgia and Tennessee and as Commissioner of Education in Texas in the 1890s.
Creator Stout, Samuel Hollingsworth, 1822-1903.
Curatorial Unit University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Southern Historical Collection.
Language English
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Restrictions to Access
No restrictions. Open for research.
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the Samuel Hollingsworth Stout Papers #695-z, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Alternate Form of Material
Microfilm copy available.
Acquisitions Information
Apparently lent for filming by John R. Peacock of High Point, North Carolina, in 1951, 1952, and 1955; at the time of the filming, the originals were owned by Thomas Spencer of Atlanta, Georgia.
Sensitive Materials Statement
Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, the North Carolina Public Records Act (N.C.G.S. § 132 1 et seq.), and Article 7 of the North Carolina State Personnel Act (Privacy of State Employee Personnel Records, N.C.G.S. § 126-22 et seq.). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill assumes no responsibility.
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The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.

Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.

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Samuel Hollingsworth Stout, the organizer and Medical Director of the Hospital Department of the Confederate Army in Tennessee, Mississippi, Georgia, Alabama, and Louisiana, was born in Nashville, Tennessee, in 1822, and died in Clarendon, Texas, in 1903.

He grew up and was educated in Nashville, graduating from the University of Nashville, and received his M. D. from the University of Pennsylvania in 1848. He qualified for the U. S. Navy as a surgeon, but resigned without actually serving because the end of the Mexican War came before he went in. He was a scholar and a teacher as well as a physician, teaching for a while in Giles County, Tennessee, and practicing at one time in Nashville. He was married to Martha M. Abernathy of Giles County, and had two daughters and a son. After the Civil War Dr. Stout went back to Giles County, then taught at Atlanta Medical College 1866-67, and lived in Georgia and in Tennessee until 1882, when he moved to Cisco, Texas. In 1893 he moved to Dallas, where he was connected with the organization of the medical college (now Baylor), as well as engaging in medical practice. Both in Atlanta and Cisco, Dr. Stout helped organize the local public schools and was always interested in education.

Dr. Stout was the surgeon in charge of Gordon hospital at Nashville, Tennessee, October 1861. In the spring of 1862 he was made post surgeon at Chattanooga, in charge of all Confederate hospitals at that post. When Braxton Bragg took command of A. S. Johnston's Army of Tennessee, he made Stout superintendent of all the general hospitals of the Army and Dept. of Tennessee. In 1863, Stout was Medical Director, reporting directly to the Surgeon General in Richmond, and was superintending medically all the hospitals in the District of Tennessee including Chattanooga, Rome, Atlanta, and all intermediate points. Dr. Stout himself was at Chattanooga through most of 1862 and 1863, but appears to have had his headquarters at Marietta, Georgia, beginning about September 1863. Early in 1864, he was working from headquarters at Atlanta and continued there more or less until July when he moved to Macon. In October 1864 he moved on to Columbus, Georgia, and apparently stayed there through April 1865. During the entire period, however, he was on the move a good deal in connection with inspections of hospitals, and arranging and organizing at different points within his district.

Dr. Stout himself preserved these records of medical and hospital matters of the Army of Tennessee, and apparently had hoped to organize and publish some of the material during his lifetime. He published his correspondence with General Bragg and perhaps some other of his papers in the Southern Practitioner, Nashville. Some notes and explanations of the papers have been added, apparently by Dr. Stout's daughter Katherine.

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The bulk of the collection consists of microfilm of the Civil War papers of Dr. S. H. Stout of Tennessee, surgeon, C.S.A., as post surgeon at Chattanooga and later Medical Director of Hospitals of the Army of Tennessee. These microfilmed papers include correspondence and reports, orders, circulars, receipts, requisitions, etc., relating to all phases of military medical and hospital administration, chiefly in the Tennessee, Georgia, Mississippi, and Alabama region of the Confederacy; personnel; general and medical supplies; shortages; procedure and organization; transportation and mass evacuation; statistics--general and medical; building and repair; convalescent care; work of the Ladies Aid Societies; reports, charges, denials and recommendations concerning unsatisfactory conditions. In addition to Dr. Stout's records and papers there are many related records and correspondence of other officers associated with Dr. Stout--his predecessors and co-workers.

In addition to the war papers, there are scattered pre-war and post-war papers of Dr. Stout, including biographical data, correspondence relating to his activities in Tennessee, Georgia, and Texas, and to honors conferred upon him, and a few miscellaneous clippings, and letters of condolence at the time of his death in 1903.

All of the aforementioned material is on four reels of microfilm. There are two other items, described on the following page as the Contents of Series 1.

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Contents list

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 1. Correspondence, 1862 and 1863.

2 items.

Typed transcriptions of letters to Stout, one of which is the same as the item on microfilm reel 3. The other, dated 7 October 1863, is from James Mercer Green, the surgeon in charge of the Macon, Georgia, General Hospital, offering the use of its facilities to the "sick and wounded of Gen'l. Bragg's Army."

Folder 1

Correspondence #00695-z, Series: "1. Correspondence, 1862 and 1863." Folder 1

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 2. Microfilm, 1843-1911 and undated.

4 reels.
Reel M-695/1

"Register of Surgeons, 1862-1865." A 300-page ledger, containing an alphabetical index of the names of Confederate Army surgeons in the Army of Tennessee, and a page for the record of each surgeon's appointments, assignments, leaves of absence, and other similar information. #00695-z, Series: "2. Microfilm, 1843-1911 and undated. " Reel M-695/1

Reel M-695/2

1847-1903, and undated. About 200 items. Correspondence, reports, receipts, and other items relating to Stout's work as a surgeon in the Army of Tennessee during the Civil War; scattered correspondence concerning his postwar activities in Tennessee and Texas; and printed materials. #00695-z, Series: "2. Microfilm, 1843-1911 and undated. " Reel M-695/2

Reel M-695/3

One letter, 6 January 1862, from Ambrose Powell Hill, colonel of the 13th Virginia Infantry, to Stout, giving personal and family news, and commenting on the military situation in Virginia and on the war in general; and a typed copy of that letter. #00695-z, Series: "2. Microfilm, 1843-1911 and undated. " Reel M-695/3

Reel M-695/4

1843-1911, and undated. 94 items. The first part of this reel contains materials, mostly correspondence, pertaining to Stout's medical work during the Civil War, and legal, financial, and genealogical materials. Following these items are fourteen letters relating to the Confederate States Military Prison Hospital at Andersonville, Georgia, October 1864 - April 1865. #00695-z, Series: "2. Microfilm, 1843-1911 and undated. " Reel M-695/4

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Processing Information

Processed by: Laura O'Keefe, April 1986, 1954-1955

Encoded by: ByteManagers Inc., 2008

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