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|Abstract||Samuel Hollingsworth Stout was born in Tennessee and served as the organizer and medical director of the Hospital Department of the Confederate Army in Tennessee, Mississippi, Georgia, Alabama, and Louisiana. After the war, Stout worked as a physician in Georgia and Tennessee and, in the 1890s, as Texas Commissioner of Education. Official and personal correspondence, reports, receipts, certificates, and other materials relating to Samuel Hollingsworth Stout's work with the Hospital Department of the Confederate Army of Tennessee during the Civil War. There are also scattered items that pertain to Stout's postwar work as a doctor in Georgia and Tennessee and as Commissioner of Education in Texas in the 1890s.|
|Creator||Stout, Samuel Hollingsworth, 1822-1903.|
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Samuel Hollingsworth Stout, the organizer and Medical Director of the Hospital Department of the Confederate Army in Tennessee, Mississippi, Georgia, Alabama, and Louisiana, was born in Nashville, Tennessee, in 1822, and died in Clarendon, Texas, in 1903.
He grew up and was educated in Nashville, graduating from the University of Nashville, and received his M. D. from the University of Pennsylvania in 1848. He qualified for the U. S. Navy as a surgeon, but resigned without actually serving because the end of the Mexican War came before he went in. He was a scholar and a teacher as well as a physician, teaching for a while in Giles County, Tennessee, and practicing at one time in Nashville. He was married to Martha M. Abernathy of Giles County, and had two daughters and a son. After the Civil War Dr. Stout went back to Giles County, then taught at Atlanta Medical College 1866-67, and lived in Georgia and in Tennessee until 1882, when he moved to Cisco, Texas. In 1893 he moved to Dallas, where he was connected with the organization of the medical college (now Baylor), as well as engaging in medical practice. Both in Atlanta and Cisco, Dr. Stout helped organize the local public schools and was always interested in education.
Dr. Stout was the surgeon in charge of Gordon hospital at Nashville, Tennessee, October 1861. In the spring of 1862 he was made post surgeon at Chattanooga, in charge of all Confederate hospitals at that post. When Braxton Bragg took command of A. S. Johnston's Army of Tennessee, he made Stout superintendent of all the general hospitals of the Army and Dept. of Tennessee. In 1863, Stout was Medical Director, reporting directly to the Surgeon General in Richmond, and was superintending medically all the hospitals in the District of Tennessee including Chattanooga, Rome, Atlanta, and all intermediate points. Dr. Stout himself was at Chattanooga through most of 1862 and 1863, but appears to have had his headquarters at Marietta, Georgia, beginning about September 1863. Early in 1864, he was working from headquarters at Atlanta and continued there more or less until July when he moved to Macon. In October 1864 he moved on to Columbus, Georgia, and apparently stayed there through April 1865. During the entire period, however, he was on the move a good deal in connection with inspections of hospitals, and arranging and organizing at different points within his district.
Dr. Stout himself preserved these records of medical and hospital matters of the Army of Tennessee, and apparently had hoped to organize and publish some of the material during his lifetime. He published his correspondence with General Bragg and perhaps some other of his papers in the Southern Practitioner, Nashville. Some notes and explanations of the papers have been added, apparently by Dr. Stout's daughter Katherine.Back to Top
The bulk of the collection consists of microfilm of the Civil War papers of Dr. S. H. Stout of Tennessee, surgeon, C.S.A., as post surgeon at Chattanooga and later Medical Director of Hospitals of the Army of Tennessee. These microfilmed papers include correspondence and reports, orders, circulars, receipts, requisitions, etc., relating to all phases of military medical and hospital administration, chiefly in the Tennessee, Georgia, Mississippi, and Alabama region of the Confederacy; personnel; general and medical supplies; shortages; procedure and organization; transportation and mass evacuation; statistics--general and medical; building and repair; convalescent care; work of the Ladies Aid Societies; reports, charges, denials and recommendations concerning unsatisfactory conditions. In addition to Dr. Stout's records and papers there are many related records and correspondence of other officers associated with Dr. Stout--his predecessors and co-workers.
In addition to the war papers, there are scattered pre-war and post-war papers of Dr. Stout, including biographical data, correspondence relating to his activities in Tennessee, Georgia, and Texas, and to honors conferred upon him, and a few miscellaneous clippings, and letters of condolence at the time of his death in 1903.
All of the aforementioned material is on four reels of microfilm. There are two other items, described on the following page as the Contents of Series 1.Back to Top
Typed transcriptions of letters to Stout, one of which is the same as the item on microfilm reel 3. The other, dated 7 October 1863, is from James Mercer Green, the surgeon in charge of the Macon, Georgia, General Hospital, offering the use of its facilities to the "sick and wounded of Gen'l. Bragg's Army."
Reel 1. "Register of Surgeons, 1862-1865." A 300-page ledger, containing an alphabetical index of the names of Confederate Army surgeons in the Army of Tennessee, and a page for the record of each surgeon's appointments, assignments, leaves of absence, and other similar information. #00695-z, Series: "2. Microfilm, 1843-1911 and undated. " Folder 1
Reel 2. 1847-1903, and undated. About 200 items. Correspondence, reports, receipts, and other items relating to Stout's work as a surgeon in the Army of Tennessee during the Civil War; scattered correspondence concerning his postwar activities in Tennessee and Texas; and printed materials. #00695-z, Series: "2. Microfilm, 1843-1911 and undated. " Folder 1
Reel 3. One letter, 6 January 1862, from Ambrose Powell Hill, colonel of the 13th Virginia Infantry, to Stout, giving personal and family news, and commenting on the military situation in Virginia and on the war in general; and a typed copy of that letter. #00695-z, Series: "2. Microfilm, 1843-1911 and undated. " Folder 1
Reel 4. 1843-1911, and undated. 94 items. The first part of this reel contains materials, mostly correspondence, pertaining to Stout's medical work during the Civil War, and legal, financial, and genealogical materials. Following these items are fourteen letters relating to the Confederate States Military Prison Hospital at Andersonville, Georgia, October 1864 - April 1865. #00695-z, Series: "2. Microfilm, 1843-1911 and undated. " Folder 1
Processed by: Laura O'Keefe, April 1986, 1954-1955
Encoded by: ByteManagers Inc., 2008Back to Top