This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the Duplication Policy section for more information.
|Size||2.0 feet of linear shelf space (approximately 800 items)|
|Abstract||Alfred M. Waddell Papers document the 1898 Wilmington massacre and coup, called "race riots" by its white supremacist supporters, that murdered Black citizens, overthrew elected government, drove opposition Black and white political leaders out of Wilmington, and destroyed Black-owned property and businesses. Waddell became mayor in the aftermath of the insurrection. Other topics include national and state Democratic party politics; the Cameron family and other white politically and socially influential families in North Carolina; Waddell's service in the Confederate Army during the American Civil War with the 41st North Carolina Infantry Regiment; Waddell's law office; recipes; genealogical research into the DeRosset, Waddell, Moore, and Myers families; Gabrielle (DeRosset) Waddell and her involvement in United Daughters of the Confederacy and Colonial Dames; and commentary on art, architecture, religion, literature, politics, and history. Also included are a few colonial and early 19th century papers of the related DeRosset, Moore, Nash, and Waddell families of Hillsborough, N.C., and Wilmington, N.C. Materials include correspondence, writings, speeches, deeds, wills, legal papers, scrapbooks, notebooks, manuscripts, and clippings.|
|Creator||Waddell, Alfred M. (Alfred Moore), 1834-1912.|
The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.
Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.
Alfred M. Waddell (1834-1912) was a white lawyer, Confederate Army officer, journalist, author, orator, United States Representative, 1871-1879, leader of the successful white supremacist insurrection against the elected municipal government in Wilmington in 1898, and mayor of Wilmington, N.C., 1898-1905. Born in Hillsborough, N.C., Waddell attended the Bingham School and the Caldwell Institute, and later graduated from the University of North Carolina in 1853. He practiced law in Wilmington, N.C., and served in the Confederate Army as lieutenant colonel of the 3rd Cavalry, 41st North Carolina Infantry during the Civil War. Waddell served four terms as a Democrat in the United States House of Representatives from 1871 to 1879. After his reelection campaign failed in 1878, Waddell resumed his law practice in Wilmington, N.C., and engaged in various literary and historical pursuits. He served a brief stint as editor of the Charlotte Journal-Observer, 1881-1882, and was a delegate to the Democratic National Conventions in 1880 and 1896. During the 1898 Wilmington massacre and coup, Waddell led the white citizens group that forced the Republican mayor and city council to resign. After the insurrection, Waddell was installed as mayor of Wilmington, a position he held until 1905. As mayor, Waddell helped reestablished white control of the city, which ultimately led to the resurgence of the Democratic Party in the state. He died on 17 March 1912 and was interred at Oakdale Cemetery in Wilmington, N.C.
Publications by Alfred M. Waddell include: A Colonial Officer and His Times, 1754-1773: A Biographical Sketch of General Hugh Waddell of North Carolina (1890), Some Memories of My Life (1908), and A History of New Hanover County and the Lower Cape Fear Region, 1723-1800 (1909).
Note adapted from the Dictionary of North Carolina Biography (1996), vol. 6, edited by William S. Powell.
|1834||Born in Hillsborough, Orange County, N.C., 16 September 1834.|
|1853||Graduated from the University of North Carolina.|
|1855||Admitted to the North Carolina Bar and began legal practice in Wilmington, N.C.|
|1856||Supported the American Party ticket.|
|1857||Married Julia Savage.|
|1860||Supported the Constitutional Union party ticket and attended the party's convention as a delegate from North Carolina.|
|1858-1861||Clerk of the court of equity of New Hanover County, N.C.|
|1860-1861||Owned and edited the Unionist newspaper, the Wilmington Herald.|
|1863-1864||Served as a lieutenant colonel in the 3rd Cavalry, 41st North Carolina Infantry Regiment, but resigned because of poor health.|
|1871-1879||Four terms as a Democrat in the United States House of Representatives. Waddell advocated the end of partisanship and sectionalism, and decried Radical Republican policies. In his final term, Waddell served as chair of the committee on post offices and roads.|
|1878||Married Ellen Savage after the death of his first wife Julia Savage. Julia and Ellen were sisters.|
|1879||Resumed law practice in Wilmington, N.C.|
|1880; 1886||Delegate to the Democratic National Convention.|
|1881-1882||Editor, Charlotte Journal-Observer.|
|1896||Married Gabrielle DeRosset of Wilmington, N.C.|
|1898-1905||Mayor of Wilmington, N.C. Waddell was the leader of the white citizens group during the 1898 Wilmington massacre and coup and was installed as mayor in the wake of the insurrection.|
|1912||Died, 17 March 1912, and interred in Oakdale Cemetery, Wilmington, N.C.|
Alfred M. Waddell Papers document the 1898 Wilmington massacre and coup, called "race riots" by its white supremacist supporters, that murdered Black citizens, overthrew elected government, drove opposition Black and white political leaders out of Wilmington, and destroyed Black-owned property and businesses. The bulk of the collection, 1875-1900, consists of correspondence with national and state Democratic Party leaders and members of the Cameron family and other white politically and socially influential North Carolina families; legal correspondence; manuscripts and clippings of writings and speeches of a religious, literary, political, or historical nature; genealogical research into the DeRosset, Waddell, Moore, and Myers families; and correspondence with other writers and historians. There are some papers related to Waddell's service in the Confederate Army during the Civil War with the 41st North Carolina Infantry Regiment. Volumes in the collection include a letterpress copybook, 1886-1894, of Waddell's law office; a recipe book, 1890; scrapbooks belonging to Gabrielle (DeRosset) Waddell related to her involvement in the United Daughters of the Confederacy and Colonial Dames; and two notebooks belonging to Hugh Waddell, one containing notes on legal subjects, 1820s, and another containing notes on art, architecture, and classical literature.Back to Top
Items include original, copies, and transcriptions of eighteenth-century Waddell family papers, official papers concerning Alfred M. Waddell's American Civil War service, several letters to Waddell, and poems, speeches, and other writings by Waddell. Items of interest include a letter from W. Burgwyn to Mrs. Waddell, 17 March 1768; will of Hugh Waddell of Bladen County, N.C., 10 November 1772; will of John Nash of Prince Edward County, Va., 8 March 1776; will of Mary Waddell of Bladen County, N.C., 20 April 1776; a letter from Francis Nash at Trenton, N.J., to his wife Sally (Moore), 25 July 1777; and a letter to a Mr. Drinkwater at Gloucestershire concerning Hugh Waddell's sons, 23 January 1783.
Official papers concerning Alfred M. Waddell's Civil War service include his commission as assistant deputy quartermaster for the 3rd Brigade, North Carolina Militia, 15 January 1859; his appointment as captain of the 4th North Carolina Infantry, 23 May 1861; a letter of resignation, 19 August 1861; his appointment as 1st lieutenant and later lieutenant colonel of the 41st North Carolina Regiment, 16 March and 4 August 1863; a letter of resignation, 10 August 1864; and a signed oath to renounce his support of the "so-called Confederate States of America," and to support the Constitution, 14 March 1865. Additional items
Addtional items include a letter, 1862, from Hugh Waddell Jr. to his mother, describing his shipwreck experience; a letter, 3 April 1867, from Wade Hampton to Waddell regarding Waddell's "Address to the Colored People" given at the Wilmington Theater on 26 July 26 1865; a letter from A. J. DeRosset to Waddell, 13 August 1870; clippings of a speech Waddell gave denouncing the Grant administration, 19 October 1872; a poem titled "My Southern Home," 1876; letters from Abram Hewitt, 1884; and letters from Anna Alexander Cameron and Rebecca Cameron of Hillsborough, N.C., regarding southern pride and the Lost Cause, 1887.
Copies of speeches delivered by Waddell including his "Defense of the Cause"; letters to Waddell from James Sprunt and others praising his speeches, including one given at the unveiling of a Confederate monument in Raleigh, N.C., in 1895; a petition from the Democratic citizens of Wilmington, N.C., urging Waddell to address them; and letters from Carrie Moffitt and Mary Stevens Beall. There is also lengthy correspondence between Waddell and Richard H. Lewis regarding Waddell's religious beliefs, specifically, his refutation of "everlasting misery" for sinners, and his decision to hold the church responsible for "misrepresentations of Truth" and "libel on our Father."
Materials chiefly concern Waddell's role in the 1898 Wilmington massacre and coup, called "race riots" by its white supremacist supporters, that murdered Black citizens, overthrew elected government, drove opposition Black and white political leaders out of Wilmington, and destroyed Black-owned property and businesses. Items include: a letter from the Committee of Colored Citizens of Wilmington, N.C., renouncing their support of newspaper editor A. L. Manly; a 9 November 1898 declaration issued by the white citizens of Wilmington, N.C., establishing an ultimatum for Manly to leave the city; a list of African-American citizens summoned by Waddell and other leaders of the white citizens group; and letters from Rebecca Cameron to Waddell, calling for violence to resestablish white control of Wilmington, and others, including J. M. Cameron and W. H. Tate, praising Waddell's role in the coup.
Correspondence between Waddell and Tulane University President Edwin A. Alderman regarding "southern character" and its contribution to American civilization; a resolution of the United Confederate Veterans honoring John B. Gordon; letters from Bennehan Cameron; and letters to Waddell in response to a speech he delivered at Newberry College, S.C.
Chiefly letters to Waddell from other historians and writers praising his memoir Memories of My Life and concerning other historical topics. Correspondents include W. Henry Hoyt, Newton Martin Curtis, Kemp Plummer Battle, R. D. W. Connor, and Samuel A. Ashe. There is also a list of books, speeches, lectures, and sketches published by Waddell between 1872 and 1906.
Letters, clippings, and other materials concerning the Waddell family and Alfred M. Waddell's death in 1912.
Writings by Waddell, including "The Bride of St. Philip: A Colonial Romance," and genealogical materials concerning the Waddell family and other early families of the Cape Fear area.
Papers of Gabrielle (DeRosset) Waddell #00743, Series: "Alfred M. Waddell Papers, 1768-1835." Folder 7
Architectural drawing of a memorial to Francis Nash and various essays on religious and other topics possibly authored by Gabrielle (DeRosset) Waddell.
Clippings and map of Wilmington, N.C. area #00743, Series: "Alfred M. Waddell Papers, 1768-1835." Folder 8
Various newspaper clippings probably compiled by Gabrielle (DeRosset) Waddell, and a hand drawn map of Wilmington, N.C., and Brunswick County, sketched circa 1890s-1900s, that appears to depict the area during the Revolutionary War era. The map includes the names of property holders in the area, and the location of sawmills, forts, and other landmarks.
Clippings concerning the 1898 Wilmington massacre and coup, called "race riots" by its white supremacist supporters, that murdered Black citizens, overthrew elected government, drove opposition Black and white political leaders out of Wilmington, and destroyed Black-owned property and businesses. Also included are essays and other writings of Gabrielle (DeRosset) Waddell related to her involvement in the Colonial Dames and the United Daughters of the Confederacy, and poems by Alfred M. Waddell.
Essay and clippings on religious topics #00743, Series: "Alfred M. Waddell Papers, 1768-1835." Folder 11
Newspaper clippings and a 21-page essay by Waddell concerning his religious beliefs, chiefly, his views on the afterlife and eternal punishment.
R. P. Ashe letters and other materials #00743, Series: "Alfred M. Waddell Papers, 1768-1835." Folder 12
Two undated letters, circa 1860s-1870s, from R. P. Ashe in San Francisco, Calif., to Waddell that describe mining and other activities in the Utah Territory and in California. Also included are clippings, essays, and other materials on political topics produced by Waddell or possibly by Gabrielle (DeRosset) Waddell.
Gabrielle (DeRosset) Waddell materials #00743, Series: "Alfred M. Waddell Papers, 1768-1835." Folder 13
Chiefly materials pertaining to Gabrielle (DeRosset) Waddell's activities in the United Daughters of the Confederacy.
Genealogy of the Waddell and related families.
Notebook containing mounted newspaper clippings of texts and extracts of speeches and writings of Alfred M. Waddell.
Sixteen-page manuscript copy of extracts from Karl Wilhelmi's Life of the Northmen in Iceland and Greenland (Heidelburg, 1842), translated from the German. There is also a five-page article on the subject by Alfred M. Waddell, 1874.
Volume 3: Notebook, 14 January 1878 #00743, Series: "Alfred M. Waddell Papers, 1768-1835." Folder 17
Notebook containing text, partly in manuscript and partly mounted clippings, of the address "Two Americans Morse and Maury," delivered at Masonic Temple, N.Y., and various other locations.
Volume 4: Letterpress Copy Book, 1886-1894 #00743, Series: "Alfred M. Waddell Papers, 1768-1835." Folder 18
Letterpress book recording outgoing correspondence of Waddell's law office in Wilmington, N.C.
Recipe book kept by Gabrielle DeRosset at Princeton, N.J., and Wilmington, N.C.
Scrapbook contains clippings about Alfred M. Waddell's speeches and activities, remembrances of the Civil War, events in Wilmington, N.C., state and national politics, and the 1880 National Democratic Convention in Cincinnati, Ohio.
Scrapbook contains clippings about Alfred M. Waddell; obituaries and clippings about the DeRosset, Waddell, and Myers families; material on the Colonial Dames, the United Daughters of the Confederacy, and Episcopal Church matters; and clippings concerning the death of Katherine DeRosset Meares in 1914.
Clippings, photographs, souvenirs, invitations, and other materials related to a visit by the Colonial Dames of America to Sulgrave Manor, England, the ancestral home of George Washington's family. Gabrielle DeRosset Waddell was regent of the North Carolina Colonial Dames.
Volume 9: Law Student Notebook of Hugh Waddell, 1820s. #00743, Series: "Alfred M. Waddell Papers, 1768-1835." Folder 23
Law notebook contains definitions, notes on legal concepts, and memoranda on acts of the Assembly. A note in the back of the book, written by Hugh Waddell in 1858, indicates that the notebook was made by him in the 1820s and had been useful in the years since.
Volume 10: Moore Family History, undated #00743, Series: "Alfred M. Waddell Papers, 1768-1835." Folder 24
Bound manuscript volume containing 13 pages of Moore family history in narrative form. It includes quotations from an address by George Davis at the University of North Carolina on 8 June 1855 and copied some time after the Civil War.
Volume 11: Hugh Waddell Notebook, circa 1850s-1860s #00743, Series: "Alfred M. Waddell Papers, 1768-1835." Folder 25
Hugh Waddell's notes on art, architecture, and classical literature (50 pages).
Processed by: SHC Staff
Encoded by: Noah Huffman, March 2008
Updated by: Kathryn Michaelis, January 2011
Conscious Editing Work by: Nancy Kaiser, August 2020. Updated abstract, subject headings, biographical note, scope content note, and container list.
Since August 2017, we have added ethnic and racial identities for individuals and families represented in collections. To determine identity, we rely on self-identification; other information supplied to the repository by collection creators or sources; public records, press accounts, and secondary sources; and contextual information in the collection materials. Omissions of ethnic and racial identities in finding aids created or updated after August 2017 are an indication of insufficient information to make an educated guess or an individual's preference for identity information to be excluded from description. When we have misidentified, please let us know at firstname.lastname@example.org.Back to Top