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|Size||7 feet of linear shelf space (approximately 46 items)|
|Abstract||Samuel A. Agnew grew up and attended college and seminary in Due West, S.C. In 1852, he moved to Mississippi, and thereafter lived in the northeastern part of the state, chiefly in Tippah and Lee counties, where he was an Associate Reformed Presbyterian minister, teacher, farmer, and prominent local citizen. The collection contains a detailed diary of Agnew's thoughts, experiences, and activities; neighborhood news; public events, particularly as they affected the locality; relations with slaves and free blacks; the Civil War, during which he was in the area of operations of both armies; Reconstruction, which was tumultuous in his vicinity; the Ku Klux Klan; local and regional church affairs; farming and leadership in the local Grange; major natural events; frequent travels to Memphis and to other parts of Mississippi; and many other aspects of personal and public life that came within his view. There are occasional gaps in the diary before 1873 and after 1883.|
|Creator||Agnew, Samuel A., b. 1833.|
|Curatorial Unit||University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Southern Historical Collection.|
Processed by: SHC Staff
Encoded by: Noah Huffman, December 2007
Finding aid updated for digitization by Kathryn Michaelis, October 2010
Updated by: Laura Hart, June 2021Back to Top
The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.
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Agnew grew up and attended college and seminary in Due West, S.C. In 1852 he moved to Mississippi, and thereafter lived in the northeastern part of the state, chiefly in Tippah and Lee counties, where he was an Associate Reformed Presbyterian minister, teacher, farmer, and prominent local citizen.Back to Top
The collection contains a detailed diary of Agnew's thoughts, experiences, and activities; neighborhood news; public events, particularly as they affected the locality; relations with enslaved people and Black people who were free before the American Civil War and emancipation; the Civil War, during which he was in the area of operations of both armies; Reconstruction, which was tumultuous in his vicinity; domestic terrorism of the Ku Klux Klan; local and regional church affairs; farming and leadership in the local Grange; major natural events; frequent travels to Memphis and to other parts of Mississippi; and many other aspects of personal and public life that came within his view. There are occasional gaps in the diary before 1873 and after 1883.Back to Top
Includes a copy of the original finding aid; two maps showing places mentioned in the Agnew diaries; a photograph of Samuel Agnew's house in Union City, Miss.; typed excerpts from obituaries on Samuel Agnew; and some miscellaneous fragments.
Volume 1: 1 March-28 April 1851
Written while attending Erskine College, Due West, S.C. Also contains copy pages, stated to be the work of Calvin P. Agnew, and some genealogical notes. 1 March entry refers to his father as "Enoch Agnew," and a later entry mentions his father telling him to stay in the "store;" also a mention of his father's idea of perhaps moving to Maury Co., Tenn.
Volume 2: 21 October 1852-1 January 1853
Account of move from Due West Corner, S.C., through Georgia and Alabama, to Tippah County, Miss., mentions iron works in Cass County, Ga., and describes wooded condition of Tippah County, Miss. A note on 1 January mentions Agnew's graduation in the year past, the death of his brother, Calvin Pressly Agnew, and the family move to Mississippi. There is an account of a trip to Holly Springs, Miss., and lists of meetings of the Memphis Presbytery, 1853-1868, and the A. R. Synod of the South, 1833-1868. An entry on the last page indicates Agnew's starting to Troy, Obion County, Tenn., to place himself under the care of the Presbytery as a divinity student.
Volume 3: 17 April-3 October 1854
Description of a two-week trip from Tippah County, Miss., by stage, carriage, boat, and train to Due West, S.C. Also covers Agnew's stay at the Erskine Theological Seminary; a trip to Laurens, S.C.; his return trip to Mississippi; and another trip to Lafayette County, Miss.
Volume 4: October 1856-16 April 1857
Accounts of Agnew's move to take charge of a church at Madison County, Miss.; social life; travels to nearby places; and national politics. Also accounts of money spent and lists of meeting of Synods of Presbyterian Church.
Volume 5: 26 September 1860-1 March 1861
Volume 6: 28 October 1861-4 April 1862
Much talk of war and rumors of troop movements and battles, in Tippah County, Miss. Accounts of organizing companies in the neighborhood; sickness and death among the troops; Agnew's father making knives for volunteers; and other happenings within the family and neighborhood.
Volume 7a: 5 April 1862-23 September 1863
This volume is filled with rumors and bits of news collected by Agnew at his home in Tippah County, Miss., concerning the war activities in his neighborhood, as well as those in other parts of the country. There are reports of skirmishes here and there, stories told by passing soldiers or other travelers, gleaned from newspapers. These accounts reveal that many soldiers, both United States and Confederate, passed near Agnew's home. Enslaved people self emancipating and talk of moving them elsewhere are some of the things Agnew writes about in this volume.
Volume 7b: 27 September 1863-November[?] 1864
Volume 8: 12 September 1864-10 December 1865
This volume, as others, is filled with notes about news from the neighborhood, war rumors, farm and family activities, church services and other meetings.
Volume 9: 11 December 1865-31 December 1866
Volume 10: 1867
Volume 11: 1868
Volume 12: 1869
Volume 13: 1870
Volume 14: 1871
Volume 15: 1872
Volume 16: 1873
Volume 17: 1874
Volume 18: 1875
Volume 19: 1876
Volume 20: 1877
Volume 21: 1878
Volume 22: 1879
Volume 23: 1880
During this year, Agnew worked on compiling a history of his community, collecting narratives from the memories of various persons. He mentions a number of these collected narratives.
Volume 24: 1881
Volume 25: 1882
Volumes 26a-45: 1883-1902
Diary entries for these years are the same type as those made in previous volumes, and contain material on the following topics: church affairs--administration, organization, meetings of the Memphis Presbytery, sermons, baptisms, services, pastoral visits, references to Methodist church appointments and meetings (among the churches Agnew mentions serving in Lee County, Miss., and adjoining counties, are Bethany, Corders, Ebenezer, Guntown, and Hopewell); miscellaneous news items from various towns--illnesses, deaths, marriages, local crimes, social events, county and town politics, and civic improvements; personal items--illnesses of family, births, deaths, visits, and farming; brief notations of state politics, national and international events; and a few references to books. There's also an account of a college commencement at Starkville in 1887, and an 1853 land title.
Transcription Volume TV-923/1-9
Typed transcriptions of manuscript volumes 1-10, 19, and 29
Marriage data and transcriptions
Acquisition information: Additions of July 2012 (101624) and April 2013 (Acc. 101787)
Compiled list of marriages mentioned in the papers.
Four volumes of typed excerpts from the diaries of Samuel A. Agnew. The transcriber included the excerpts that they considered the most important, rather than the entire text of the diaries. Dates include 1861-1865, 1871-1875, 1876-1879, and 1880-1883.
Microfilm copy of collection materials, 1851-1898