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This collection was rehoused and a summary created with support from the National Endowment for the Humanities; this finding aid was created with support from NC ECHO.
|Size||2.0 feet of linear shelf space (approximately 1000 items)|
|Abstract||Confidential files and correspondence of W. D. Robinson (1865-1945), legislative correspondent and roving reporter in Louisiana and Mississippi for New Orleans newspapers. The files contain memoranda in the 1920s and 1930s (chiefly 1930-1935) about the activities of Huey Pierce Long and his associates, mostly in regard to alleged malfeasance. A smaller number of items are concerned with the Ku Klux Klan in Louisiana and Mississippi in the early 1920s, in particular the "Mer Rouge Murders" in Morehouse Parish, La. Correspondence is with leading political figures in Louisiana and Mississippi, concerning opposition to Long and also other political issues. Among those represented are Huey P. Long, Julius T. Long, Pat Harrison, Theodore G. Bilbo, John M. Parker, Louis M. Howe, Stephen Early, John Y. Saunders, J. N. Sandlin, Mike Sennett Connor, Paul N. Cyr, and Hugh White. Also present are broadsides, pamphlets, newspapers, judicial proceedings, and other printed matter about Long or the Klan, and five scrapbooks of clippings about politics in the two states, 1916-1932.|
|Creator||Robinson, W. D., 1865-1945.|
|Curatorial Unit||University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Southern Historical Collection.|
The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.
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W. D. Robinson (1865-1945) was a native of Mississippi and a veteran newspaperman. After operating a paper of his own in Mississippi and serving as telegraph editor of the New Orleans Picayune, he was for a long time legislative correspondent and roving reporter covering major events in Mississippi and Louisiana for the New Orleans Times-Picayune and the New Orleans Daily States. In the latter capacity Robinson had a wide acquaintance with prominent men and events in both states.
After serving for a time as publicity director for Huey P. Long's campaign for Governor of Louisiana in 1928, Robinson turned against Long and began collecting information about the activities of Long and his associates. The information involved graft and corruption in office, coercion of opponents, use of influence, unconstitutional actions, and corruption in private life. Much of the information from his files Robinson transmitted to Federal Internal Revenue agents between 1931 and 1934. He also transmitted copies of the confidential reports to Louis M. Howe or Stephen Early, assistants to President F. D. Roosevelt. Much of the information collection by Robinson was submitted to the United States Senate in 1933 when ex-governor John M. Parker and other prominent Louisianans petitioned for the investigation and impeachment of Long, then Senator. Notheing had come of either of these investigations at the time Long was assassinated in 1935. Robinson continued to collect information, on a lesser scale, about the successors to Long's organization until about 1939.Back to Top
Confidential files and correspondence of W. D. Robinson. The files contain memoranda in the 1920s and 1930s (chiefly 1930-1935) about the activities of Huey Pierce Long and his associates, mostly in regard to alleged malfeasance. A smaller number of items are concerned with the Ku Klux Klan in Louisiana and Mississippi in the early 1920s, in particular the "Mer Rouge Murders" in Morehouse Parish, La. Correspondence is with leading political figures in Louisiana and Mississippi, concerning opposition to Long and also other political issues. Among those represented are Huey P. Long, Julius T. Long, Pat Harrison, Theodore G. Bilbo, John M. Parker, Louis M. Howe, Stephen Early, John Y. Saunders, J. N. Sandlin, Mike Sennett Connor, Paul N. Cyr, and Hugh White. Also present are broadsides, pamphlets, newspapers, judicial proceedings, and other printed matter about Long or the Klan, and five scrapbooks of clippings about politics in the two states, 1916-1932.Back to Top
Papers are chiefly W. D. Robinson's letters from and copies of his letters to his editors and prominent Louisianans about Huey P. Long. There is also correspondnece about the Ku Klux Klan, about other political matters in Mississippi and Louisiana, and miscellaneous papers of other sorts, including drafts of Robinson's newspaper reports. Among the prominent correspondents are Huey P. Long, Julius T. Long, Pat Harrison, Theodore G. Bilbo, John M. Parker, Louis M. Howe, Stephen Early, John Y. Sanders, J. N. Sandlin, Mike Sennett Connor, Paul N. Cyr, and Hugh White.
1920-1921 (original collection finding aid included) #01214, Series: "1. Correspondence and Dated Papers, 1920-1943 and undated." Folder 1
Photostatic copies of Ku Klux Klan reports of meetings in Louisiana and a few other papers of the Klan. Two letters exchanged by Robinson, campaign manager for John M. Parker for governor, and George Campbell, editor of the Hammond Vindicator, about Republicans supporting Parker. A letter from Theodore G. Bilbo about his intention to run for the U.S. Senate "if the race is left to Gov. Vardaman and myself."
Drafts of Robinson's newspaper stories about the Ku Klux Klan in Louisiana and Mississippi and about the political situation in Louisiana, as well as correspondence with his editors about these stories. Many of these stories, as well as other material, deal with the "Mer Rouge Murders" in Morehouse Parish.
Letters and other papers about the Klan. A few papers about the Governor's contest between Long and Hewitt Bouanchaud in 1923.
Robinson's correspondence with Long about Long's campaign in 1927-1928. Some papers about the anti-Long Louisiana Constitutional League.
A few letters from Paul N. Cyr, John M. Parker about Long politics, a few other papers about Long. A few letters from Mike Sennett Conner about his gubernatorial race in Mississippi.
Correspondence with Senator Pat Harrison of Mississippi about Long and the Democratic National Convention. Letters from anti-Long informants.
Letters about Huey P. Long sent by Robinson to Franklin D. Roosevelt and brief replies of Roosevelt's secretary Louis M. Howe. Extensive correspondence with Julius T. Long, brother of Huey who opposed him. A few letters about the investigation of the Louisiana senatorial race of 1932. Correspondence with prominent Louisianans discussing the petition to the United States Senate to investigate Long, and the lining up of witnesses for the proposed investigation. Some copies of Long's communications to constituents (mass-produced). Other letters about events in Louisiana.
Correspondence about anti-Long efforts in Louisiana and Washington.
Correspondence about Long with Louisiana Rep. John N. Sandlin, and to a lesser extent with the White House, Bilbo, and Louisianans. Letters to Governor Hugh White of Mississippi about Long's efforts in Mississippi politics.
Memoranda and news story drafts made by Robinson about graft in oil deals and other activities in Louisiana in 1939. Correspondence with Bilbo, Harrison, and Rep. W. M. Colmer of Mississippi about political matters.
Papers about Huey P. Long, John M. Parker, and the Constitutional League of Louisiana
This series contains two sets of papers: Robinson's personal file of memoranda and the carbon copies of the memoranda he sent to Federal Internal Revenue agents from 1931 to 1934. In many cases the memoranda were identical. Where two sheets with the same information differed in the least detail, a copy of each has been kept. The sheets headed "Confidential" are copies of those used in the Internal Revenue investigation. The memoranda, which consist usually of a page or less, concern Huey P. Long and his associates, and graft, corruption, intimidation, bribery, and other illegal acts in public office. This information Robinson dug up or received from informants. Most of the memoranda have a heading such as "Alice Lee Grosjean and Huey P. Long" and "Huey P. Long and the Standard Oil Trust." Very few of them are dated but most seem to have been made between 1930 and 1935, with only a few referring to earlier or later events. There is no particular arrangement within the seven folders except that Robinson's three-page statement, 27 April 1937, of his connection with the secret internal revenue investigation of Long is in the front of Folder 15. Papers touch upon such Long associates as Oscar K. Allen, Robert Maestri, Seymour Weiss, Richard Leche, John H. Overton, James A. Noe, Alice Lee Grosjean, Dudley J. LeBlanc, Gerald L. K. Smith, and others.
Memoranda and statements filed with the petition of Governor John M. Parker and other prominent Louisianans to the United States Senate to investigate and impeach Huey P. Long in 1933, and other papers pertaining to the petition. These papers duplicate some of the items in the Huey P. Long file, but neither series is completely identical to the other.
"Kidnapped by the Kingfish. By Sam Irby, the Victim. With Intimate Details of theis and Other Crimes of Huey P. Long." #01214, Series: "4. Miscellaneous Papers: Huey P. Long; Ku Klux Klan, undated" Folder 25
Mimeographed copy of the manuscript, 70 pages, 1930.
Judicial proceedings #01214, Series: "4. Miscellaneous Papers: Huey P. Long; Ku Klux Klan, undated" Folder 26
Copies of judicial proceedings relating to Huey P. Long (3 items).
Broadsides and leaflets #01214, Series: "4. Miscellaneous Papers: Huey P. Long; Ku Klux Klan, undated" Folder 27
Material is both pro- and anti-Long.
|Extra Oversize Paper Folder XOPF-1214/1|
Louisiana Guardian, Volume I, issues 1-7, May-June 1931 #01214, Series: "4. Miscellaneous Papers: Huey P. Long; Ku Klux Klan, undated" Folder 31
The Louisiana Guardian was an anti-Long newspaper.
Clippings relate to Huey Long, the Ku Klux Klan, and other investigations undertaken by Robinson.
Including "Kidnapped by the Kingfish. By Samy Irby, the Victim. With Intimate Details of this and Other Crimes of Huey P. Long," "Speech of Ex-United States Senator Leroy Percy Made at the Request of the Protestant Anti-Ku Klux Klan Committee of Washington County, Mississippi, Delivered on April 23, 1923, Peoples Theatre, Greenville, Mississippi," and "Is the Senate Afraid of Huey Long?," Women's Committee of Louisiana
Including Henry Gamble, "Address to the Legislature Convening May 8, 1932, The Strange Case of Louisiana and Huey P. Long," and John Rogers, "The Murders of Mer Rouge: The True Story of an Atrocity Unparalleled in the Annals of Crime.""
12 issues of 1933 and 1935 with articles by or about Huey P. Long.
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Processed by: SHC Staff
Encoded by: Noah Huffman, December 2007
Updated by: Kate Stratton and Jodi Berkowitz, August 2010
This collection was rehoused and a summary created with support from the National Endowment for the Humanities.
This finding aid was created with support from NC ECHO.Back to Top