This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the Duplication Policy section for more information.
This collection was rehoused under the sponsorship of a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities, Office of Preservation, Washington, D.C., 1990-1992.
|Size||24.0 feet of linear shelf space (approximately 10,000 items)|
|Abstract||The Haywood family of Raleigh, N.C., included such prominent members as John Haywood (1755-1827), state treasurer, 1787-1827, member of the Board of Trustees of the University of North Carolina, 1789-1827, and first mayor of Raleigh; his wife Eliza Williams Haywood (b. 1781), member of the Raleigh Female Tract Society; his son George Washington Haywood (1802-1890), state attorney for Wake County, N.C., and plantation owner in Greene County, Ala.; John's daughter Eliza Eagles Haywood (1798-1877); his son Edmund Burke Haywood (1825-1894), surgeon in the Confederate army; his grandson Ernest Haywood (1860-1946), lawyer in Raleigh; and his nephew by marriage Alfred Williams (fl. 1825-1860), partner in the drugstore firm of Williams & Haywood, Inc., and plantation owner in Marengo County, Ala. The collection includes correspondence, business papers, legal documents, medical records, account books, pictures, and other items documenting the lives of members of the Haywood family and their relatives, friends, and associates. Many items relate to the career of John Haywood as North Carolina state treasurer, including much material on banking in the state and on state and national politics, 1790s-1820s. Other items relate to Haywood's plantation in Edgecombe County, N.C. There are also letters concerning students and various affairs at the University of North Carolina, 1790s-1880s. Personal correspondence especially documents activities of Eliza Williams Haywood, her mother and sisters, and her children, circa 1800-1830. After 1830, many of the papers relate to the plantation and legal affairs of George Washington Haywood and the plantation affairs of his cousin Alfred Williams. A number of papers and volumes relate to Edmund Burke Haywood, including records he kept of Confederate hospitals that he supervised in the Raleigh area. Other volumes include household accounts, plantation journals and accounts, merchant account books, guest registers for the Yarborough House hotel in Raleigh, recipe books, school notebooks, a volume, 1820s, of reflections on the social role of women and related matters, and "The Religion of the Bible and K W County Compared," by James Reid, 1769.|
|Creator||Haywood, Ernest, 1860-1946.|
The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.
Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.
This collection documents the lives of three generations in the Haywood family of Raleigh, N.C., starting with John Haywood (1755-1827), state treasurer, 1787-1827, member of the Board of Trustees of the University of North Carolina, 1789-1827, and the first mayor of Raleigh. He was the son of William and Charity Hare Haywood of Edgecombe County, N.C., and cousin of John Haywood (1762-1826), the writer and jurist. Among his brothers were Sherwood, Stephen, and William Henry. His first wife was Sarah Leigh, who died in 1791. In 1798 he married Eliza Eagles Asaph Williams (b. 1781), daughter of John Pugh Williams and Jane Davis Williams. Their children were Eliza Eagles, John Steele, George Washington, Fabius Julius, Alfred Moore, Thomas Burgess, Rebecca Jane, William Davie, Benjamin Rush, Frances Ann, Sarah Wool, and Edmund Burke. Eliza Williams Haywood was active in the Raleigh Female Tract Society. John Haywood served as state treasurer for forty years. After his death, a committee examined his accounts and found that $68,906.80 was missing. His estate reimbursed the state for $47,601.37, but was not able to cover the entire amount. Haywood was a very popular figure at the time of his death, and many citizens of the state believed he was innocent of any wrongdoing.
Several of John Haywood's children are also prominent in this collection. His son George Washington Haywood (1802-1890) was state attorney for Wake County and owned a plantation in partnership with his brother, John Steele Haywood, in Greene County, Ala. His daughter Eliza Eagles Haywood (fl. 1818-1853) was a friend of Anna Hayes Johnson, daughter of William Johnson, United States Supreme Court justice from Charleston, S.C. Eliza apparently ran a school in the family home in the early 1840s. The youngest son, Edmund Burke Haywood (1825-1894), became a prominent surgeon in the Confederate army. He was a student at the University of North Carolina from 1843 through 1846, and received his M.D. from the University of Pennsylvania in 1849. He enlisted in the Raleigh Light Infantry in 1861 and was elected its surgeon. He established the first military hospital in the state, and on 16 May 1861 he was appointed surgeon of the North Carolina state troops. He continued to serve in medical posts and, in August 1862, was commissioned a surgeon in the Confederate army. Also in 1862, he became acting medical director of the Department of North Carolina and was placed in charge of the Raleigh military hospitals. His headquarters was at Pettigrew Hospital, located at New Bern Avenue and Tarboro Road. Edmund Burke Haywood served as president of the Board of Directors of the State Insane Asylum from 1875 to 1889, and as chairman of the State Board of Public Charities. He married Lucy A. Williams in 1850 and lived in Raleigh in the Haywood home built by his father in the 1790s.
A prominent figure in these papers who was a contemporary of the Haywood children was their cousin Alfred Williams (fl. 1825-1860). Williams operated a drugstore as part of the firm of Webb and Williams, which was later succeeded by the firm of Williams and Haywood, Inc. In 1833 this firm purchased land in Marengo County, Ala., and Alfred Williams moved there to operate the plantation. After his marriage in 1850, he spent much of each year in Raleigh and purchased 700 acres of land west of that city.
The third generation of Haywoods is represented in the collection chiefly by Ernest Haywood (1860-1946), son of Edmund Burke Haywood and Lucy Ann Williams Haywood. He graduated from the University of North Carolina in 1880 and was admitted to the bar in 1882. He practiced law in Raleigh and was one of the founders of the North Carolina Bar Association in 1885. He was interested in local history and published several articles in local newspapers.Back to Top
This collection consists chiefly of five series of chronologically arranged papers that include correspondence and related items. The first of these covers the period 1752 to 1803. These papers primarily relate to John Haywood and include materials about his work as state treasurer of North Carolina, personal financial papers, correspondence concerning affairs at the University of North Carolina, and family and personal correspondence. The papers in Series 2, covering the period 1804 to 1829, continue the documentation of John Haywood's career. The activities of his children, however, become increasingly prominent. The early personal papers in this series relate chiefly to the family of Eliza Eagles Asaph Williams, wife of John Haywood. The personal papers later in the series relate to members of John Haywood's immediate family, including letters from his sons when they were at school and from his oldest daughter, Eliza, when she was away from home visiting or traveling. In Series 3, which covers the years 1830 to 1860, the prominent figures are George Washington Haywood, son of John Haywood, and his cousin Alfred Williams. George Washington Haywood was the state attorney for Wake County, N.C., and many of his papers in this series are thus legal items, either legal documents or correspondence relating to cases. Some of the papers also relate to the plantation that he owned in partnership with his brother John Steele Haywood in Greene County, Ala. The papers of Alfred Williams primarily relate to his plantation in Alabama, which he purchased with his firm, Williams and Haywood, Inc., in 1833. Series 4, covering the years 1861 to 1946, includes many papers relating to Edmund Burke Haywood's activities as a surgeon in the Confederate army and his administration of several hospitals for troops in the Raleigh, N.C., area. After the Civil War, the loose papers consist mainly of accounts and business correspondence concerning the Williams and Haywood plantation in Alabama. Also included are many letters to E. Burke Haywood from his sons, Hubert Haywood and Ernest Haywood, attending various schools.
This collection also contains 118 volumes. The largest set consists of merchant account books. Included are account books for a number of business enterprises, including one for the firm of Williams & Haywood, Inc., which operated a drugstore. Another large group of volumes relates to the activities of Edmund Burke Haywood during the Civil War, when he was a surgeon for the Confederate forces and oversaw hospitals for troops in the Raleigh area. There are also a number of medical notebooks kept by him, in which he recorded some of his medical cases. Other volumes include household accounts, plantation journals and accounts (chiefly for the Alabama plantations), legal accounts, hotel guest registers for Yarborough House, bank books, account books for labor, recipe books, school notebooks of Ernest Haywood, two lettercopy books kept by Ernest Haywood, miscellaneous writings, and memoranda books. Other volumes concern James Newlon and members of the Yarborough family.
Also included in this collection are clippings, North Carolina lottery tickets, a pencil sketch of Pettigrew Hospital by S. A. Partridge, and photographs, including cartes-de-visite.Back to Top
Items relating primarily to John Haywood, early 1780s-1803, with a few earlier items of the Haywood family and Williams family. Included are correspondence and records pertaining to Haywood's work as state treasurer of North Carolina, personal financial papers, correspondence concerning affairs at the University of North Carolina, family and personal correspondence, and correspondence on state and national political affairs.
The treasury materials consist of records and correspondence with county, state, and national officials about a variety of affairs--administration of federal pensions, sale of public lands, collection of taxes, etc. Personal financial papers include bills for goods and services (including the renovation of Haywood's home beginning in 1798), bills of sale for slaves, and letters from persons attending to his plantation affairs in Edgecombe County, N.C., particularly John Davis (or Daves). Correspondence concerning University affairs includes letters from a number of persons including William R. Davie, David Ker, Richard Dobbs Spaight, John Gray Blount, A. D. Murphey, William E. Webb, Joseph Caldwell, Willie Jones, and Samuel McCorkle.
Personal and family correspondence consists of letters to and from Haywood's first wife, Sarah Leigh (Sally) Haywood, in 1790; members of the John Pugh Williams family (especially Eliza Eagles Williams ("Betsey"), whom Haywood married in 1798); members of the William Nelson family of Virginia; members of the Guion family of New Bern; members of the Chapman family of New Bern; and J. Leigh and his wife Poly of Tarborough. There are a few letters from other members of the Haywood family to John, and there is much personal material in the letters which relates primarily to state and national affairs.
Correspondents writing on North Carolina and national political affairs include governors, legislators, other state officials, North Carolina senators and representatives in Congress, and private citizens, among whom were Timothy Bloodworth, members of the Blount family (they wrote on Tennessee affairs also), Stephen Cabarrus, Josiah Collins, Jr., William R. Davie, William Barry Grove, James Hogg, John Hogg, Samuel Johnston, Willie Jones, Nathaniel Macon, Abner Nash, Thomas Person, Richard Dobbs Spaight, John Steele, Montfort Stokes, Absalom Tatom, and James Turner.
An index to correspondents and others represented in this series follows a chronological discussion of notable items. Folders 131B-131L contain many undated items that may date from the period covered by this series.
|1752-1773||A few indentures for sales of land in Johnston, Orange, and Wake counties, N.C., and legal papers covering transactions by the Earl of Granville, William Churton, John Smith, Sirack [?] Cater, Zachariah Cater, and Lewis Pool.|
|1782-1785||Miscellaneous papers relating to several persons: certificate of marriage of John Pugh Williams to Jane Davis of Brunswick County, N.C., 2 January 1781, and a list of the Williams's children with birth dates; a few records of the Entry Officer and Register of Washington and Greene counties; a land office military warrant in Virginia for Peter James; a personal letter from Thomas Blount to John Haywood; a legal document for the conveyance of land from Nathan Hooker of Tyrrell County, N. C., to Lewis Bailey of Edgecombe County; a bill for merchandise purchased by John Haywood; and Haywood's bond as a commissioner to purchase tobacco for the state of North Carolina at Tarborough.|
|1786-1789||Chiefly financial records and correspondence of John Haywood for his work as a commissioner in Tarborough to purchase tobacco for the state of North Carolina and as state treasurer of North Carolina. Also included are items relating to Haywood's personal financial affairs: bills for goods, services, and slaves. A few items pertain to John Pugh Williams: letters of 1787 from Williams Cutlar in regard to turpentine business and a bill of 1789 from a carpenter to Williams.|
|1790||Letters, 29 January, 2 February, and 8, 15, and 22 May from Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton and Secretary of War Henry Knox concerning pensions to be paid to veterans of the Revolution; letters, November and December, from Haywood to his wife Sally written while he was attending the legislature in Fayetteville, telling of activities for the next year and personal news of various individuals, including love affairs, etc.|
|1791||Letters to Haywood concerning the death of his wife Sally; letter, 30 June, from Alexander Hamilton on pensions for invalids; letters dealing with Haywood's business with the United States Treasury Department; letter, 5 December, from John Steele, concerning the activities of Congress in Philadelphia.|
|1792||Several official reports concerning Haywood's records as state treasurer, reports from county officials, and more items pertaining to dealings with the United States Treasury Dept.; copy of the deed, 5 April, made between Joel Lane and Alexander Martin, governor of North Carolina, for 1000 acres of land in Wake County for a state capital; letter, 30 August, from William Nelson to Robert Saunders, Williamsburg, Va., concerning legal cases and the sending of a key to a bookcase at Westover and mentioning Mr. Marshall, Mr. E. Randolph, Mr. William Munford, and Mr. C. Byrd, and Mr. Wythe; several letters from the Guion family in New Bern telling of the spread of smallpox there and the inoculation given for it.|
|1793||Letter from A. C. Thomas in Philadelphia including mention of the French war with England, Congress's action in relation to assumption of state debts, his living quarters in Philadelphia, accusations against him in relation to soldiers' claims which he had purchased, and suggestions to newly elected North Carolina Comptroller Craven for his dealings with the federal government on payments to revolutionary officers and soldiers.|
|1794||Letter, 24 April, from William Barry Grove, United States representative from North Carolina, discussing the depredations of England on the United States, Jay's Treaty with England, and Haywood's interest in buying an encyclopedia; correspondence, April-July, between Haywood and Daniel Anderson of Petersburg and M. [?] Witherspoon about the sale of certificates [for land ?] for ready cash; letter, 27 February, from David Ker, asking instructions relative to University of North Carolina affairs; letter, 29 December, from Isaac Lee Guion at school at Princeton College, telling of his work, school societies, and the library.|
|1795||Letter, 6 November, from William R. Davie discussing the plans for a new building at the University and the addition of teachers; continuation of letters form Isaac Lee Guion telling of his life at Princeton; letters, 7 and 20 March, from Hugh Williamson concerning his desire for copies of a letter from General Greene and some correspondence of Governor Caswell which were among the officials papers of North Carolina; correspondence, 14 and 20 June, between Haywood and John G. Blount concerning the possibility of the setting up of a mercantile establishment at UNC by Haywood's brother and a Mr. Hardin; letter, 15 September, from Willie Blount, Knoxville, Tenn., discussing relations between the Creek and Chickasaw Indians, immigration to Tennessee from the Atlantic states, and the building of roads; letter, 16 September, from Thomas Blount in Knoxville, concerning a merchant in Tennessee who was coming to Raleigh to set up a business; will, 6 March, of Eliza Kennon and of James Jordan, 21 December; letter, 29 December, from William R. Davie concerning publicizing trouble with the president of the University, and personal affairs.|
|1796||Continuation of letters from Isaac Lee Guion at Princeton; letters from Willis Alston, Rep. Absalom Tatom, William R. Davie, Rep. James Gillespie, and John Steele (comptroller of the National Treasury) about national political affairs and foreign affairs, particularly the treaties with Spain and England and the French war, the refusal of the House to adjourn so as to allow members to congratulate the president on his birthday (letter of 28 February), plans for building the new Federal City (letter of 28 February), disposal of the lands in the Northwest territory, and the presidential election; letters from Richard Dobbs Spaight and William R. Davie on affairs at UNC, including plans for a new building; letter, 13 June, from Samuel Hinton, a student at the University, about life there; letters, 12 February, 1 April, and 23 May from William Blount and Thomas Blount about Tennessee's new constitution and John Gray Blount's responsibility for a certain sum of money for entry of lands; letter, 21 March, from Hugh Williamson to Thomas Blount asking for a copy of a document relating to North Carolina in the Revolution.|
|1797||Letters from William R. Davie and Samuel Hopkins about University affairs; letters, 8 July and 10 December, commenting on the French war and other foreign policy matters.|
|1798||Letters to Haywood from friends concerning his marriage to Eliza Eagles Williams; letters from Haywood to his wife, including one of 13 June in which he tells of serving dinner to the governor and his council; letters, 27 November and 18 December, commenting on the French war and other foreign policy matters; letters to Eliza (Betsy) from her mother.|
|1799||Letters from various persons about affairs at the University, including the hiring of new teachers, provisions for the housing and feeding of students, constructing a new building, etc.; letters from Haywood to his wife, who was visiting her parents, discussing the renovation of their home, affairs on their plantation, and activities in Raleigh; letters, 6 January, 15 and 23 May, and September-November, from Richard Dobbs Spaight and John Steele about the activities of Congress; letter, 21 October, from William R. Davie about United States foreign affairs; appointment, 6 January, of Sherwood Haywood as Commissioner of Loans for North Carolina.|
|1800||Letters from David Stone, John Steele, W. H. Hill, Nathaniel Macon, Benjamin Williams, and Richard Dobbs Spaight about actions in Congress, relations with France, and the presidential elections; letter, 16 February, from William R. Davie concerning his mission to France; letters from David Stone, Hugh Williamson, Jos. Ross, Joseph Caldwell, P. Henderson, and Thos. [?] Rogers about University affairs--hiring a new president and new teachers, payment of board by students, arrangements for a new building, etc.; letter, 26 November, to Haywood from John Davis (or Daves) about digging up family coffins (possibly of Haywood's wife Sally, who died in 1791 and his son Lee, who died in 1795) and making better arrangements for them in keeping with Haywood's orders; documents, 16 and 26 June, relating to the ascertaining of the value of a slave who was accidentally killed while working on Haywood's house; letter, 1 December, from W N in medical school in Philadelphia to Miss S. Nelson, Yorkstown, Va.|
|11801||Letters concerning national political affairs, including the election of Jefferson as President, from David Stone, Richard Dobbs Spaight, James Turner, and John Steele; description, 17 April, of Masonic ceremonies in New Bern, N.C.; letters from William R. Davie, Henry Toole, and Isaac Guion about University affairs; correspondence, October-December, between Haywood and his wife while she was visiting her family in Wilmington, including letters from the former about the many people coming to Raleigh for the meeting of the legislature; letter, 2 January, from W. Nelson, Philadelphia, to Miss S. [?] Nelson.|
|1802||Correspondence and records, June-December, pertaining to the UNC lottery; printed copy, 15 December, of rules for the University sent to Haywood by William Polk, president of the Board of Trustees; letter, 24 December, from John Steele concerning his resignation as comptroller of the United States Treasury, with copies of his correspondence with Albert Gallatin and Thomas Jefferson attached; resolutions, 24 November, of the Committee of Finance of the North Carolina Senate relating to an inquiry into each branch of the revenue of this State; letters, 9 and 28 February and 17 May, from W. Nelson, Philadelphia, to Miss Susan Nelson, York Town, Va.; letters, 20 April and 18 November, from John Haywood and William Hall, pertaining to the latter's marriage to Ferebee Williams, sister of Mrs. John Haywood.|
|1803||Letters from Robert Williams, 20 June, and William R. Davie, 2 September, and a letter of 11 July with signature missing pertaining to state politics; letters from John Steele, 27 October 27 and 14 December, Thomas Wynns, 12 December, and David Stone, 8 December, on national affairs, including possible abolition of the Loan Offices, passage of the constitutional amendment pertaining to the election of president and vice president, and the purchase of the Louisiana Territory by the United States; letter, 7 October, from Gavin Alves to Haywood on matters pertaining to the steward at the University and his financial affairs; letter, 2 August, from Willie Blount, Knoxville, Tenn., concerning personal financial matters, the death of his sister and his care for her children, and other personal matters; several letters pertaining to the sale by Haywood of his lands in New Bern, particularly from Josiah Collins Jr., 30 July, and Samuel Simpson, 3 and 17 December, who were potential purchasers; several family letters, chiefly correspondence between Mrs. John Haywood (Betsy) and her mother (Mrs. Jane Williams) and sister Rebecca Christina Williams chiefly concerning family and personal affairs--birth of a son to Betsy, sending new clothes to her, the death of her father, etc.--including one long letter from Mrs. Haywood concerning the great amount of work involved in entertaining all of the members of the General Assembly whom her husband invited home for dinner.|
Note that folders 131b-131l contain undated items that may date from the period covered by this series.
Many of the early personal papers in this Series relate to the affairs of Mrs. Haywood's mother, Jane Davis Williams, and to Mrs. Haywood's sisters, Mrs. William Ferebee Williams Hall (Mrs. William Hall) and Rebecca Williams Moore (Mrs. Alfred Moore). Correspondence of Mrs. Williams, her daughters, and their husbands, makes up a large part of the personal papers. Mrs. Hall died in 1809 and Mrs. Moore in 1816; the death of Mrs. Williams is not recorded but probably occurred in 1817 or 1818. Her letters and those of her daughters are greatly concerned with the birth and care of children, illness and its treatment, clothing, and household activities. Scattered letters to her and to the Haywoods from William Hall and Alfred Moore continue after the death of their wives. The Halls and the Moores lived in Brunswick County, N.C.; the Moores spent summers at Moorefield near Hillsboro in Orange County, N.C. Mrs. Williams was generally at the home of one of her daughters.
After the death of Mrs. Williams there is less intimate family material except for correspondence among the members of John Haywood's immediate family, written when the boys were at school or the older daughter, Eliza (sometimes called Betsy) was away from home visiting or traveling. There are occasional references to Haywood's brothers and sisters and members of their families, but the correspondence about them and with them is scattered. The older Haywood boys studied at Chapel Hill, first at the preparatory school and later at the University, beginning in 1816. George Washington Haywood graduated in 1821, Fabius Julius Haywood in 1822, and Thomas Burgess Haywood in 1823. John Steele Haywood and Alfred Moore Haywood were students but did not graduate. Letters from John Haywood to his sons during this period give family news and news of Raleigh. Fabius studied medicine for about a year in Raleigh, and then entered the Medical School of the University of Pennsylvania. Correspondence between him and members of his family gives Raleigh news on one side, and on the other information on medical study and the life of a medical student in Philadelphia.
Haywood's position as state treasurer meant that he had a great deal of correspondence with bankers of the state and there is material in his papers on the North Carolina State Bank, the Bank of Cape Fear, and the Bank of New Bern, and also lesser information on the Branch Bank of the United States at Fayetteville.
Haywood's papers also relate to other aspects of his work as treasurer including sheriff's settlements, state-owned securities, land sales, and payment of salaries of public officials.
Although Haywood usually was not directly involved in political activity, his correspondents frequently were, and scattered through this series are comments on the political news and events of the state and nation.
Personal business papers of Haywood relate to his household bills, loans he made to individuals (whether from personal or state funds is not always clear), and his plantation in Edgecombe County, which was under the direct management of an overseer supervised by a friend in Tarboro who also marketed Haywood's crops. Jesse Holland, an overseer, wrote to Haywood in 1808; Joseph J. Sumner supervised the place for a time, and beginning about 1810 there are frequent letters from Theodore Parker about it.
Mrs. Haywood was active in the Raleigh Female Tract Society, and there are scattered references to affairs of Christ Church (Episcopal) in Raleigh.
In addition to letters to and from the Haywood boys at the University of North Carolina, there are other items relating to University affairs. Haywood was a prominent trustee, and at times was a member of the land committee and the committee on appointments. Scattered through this series are materials on the University, including many references to Tennessee lands.
Eliza Eagles Haywood (Betsy) was referred to as a child in the early papers, and about 1818 her correspondence becomes a significant factor in the papers. It is especially prominent in 1822, when she was visiting in Washington, D.C., and in the months which followed when she corresponded with Anna Hayes Johnson, daughter of William Johnson, United States Supreme Court justice, of Charleston, S.C., and with Sarah Moulton Wool (Mrs. John Ellis Wool). (Miss Johnson married Romulus M. Saunders in 1823.)
Soon after the death of John Haywood in November 1827, a shortage was discovered in the state treasury. Friends and members of the family made efforts to account for it in a manner favorable to Haywood, who had been one of the most popular men of the state, and the family tried to make up the deficit from his personal estate. There are references to this affair in the papers, but there is no detailed information.
The later papers include accounts and correspondence of the drug firm of Webb and Williams, which was succeeded about February 1828 by Williams and Haywood (a partnership of Alfred Williams and Fabius Haywood), and also papers pertaining to the legal business of George Washington Haywood.
The papers in this series are so extensive and so varied that a chronological analysis is impractical. Also see the volumes in Subseries 6.1, 6.2, 6.3.1, 6.10, 6.12, and 6.13, dating from the period covered by this Series.
Chiefly professional and business papers of George Washington Haywood, second son of John Haywood, and of Alfred Williams, John Haywood's nephew, with correspondence and other items concerning many other individuals and matters. George Washington Haywood (1802-1890) was state attorney for Wake County, N.C. Alfred Williams of Raleigh and Marengo County, Ala., was an attorney and planter. There are letters and other items of the following members of the Haywood family: Eliza Eagles (Betsy) Haywood, Alfred Moore Haywood, Fabius Julius Haywood, Edmund Burke Haywood, Rebecca Jane Haywood (Mrs. Albert G. Hall), John Steele Haywood, William Davie Haywood, Thomas Burgess Haywood, William Henry Haywood, Jr., and a number of cousins who did not bear the Haywood name.
See also Series 6, which includes many volumes dating from the period covered by this Series.
The papers of George Washington Haywood consist of letters to him from clients of Wake, Franklin, Chatham, and Johnston counties; legal documents--indentures, wills, deeds, bonds, court or trial dockets for Wake County Court and, beginning in 1835, letters to him from his brother John Steele Haywood who, with George, formed a partnership that owned a plantation in Greene County, Alabama. John lived on the Alabama plantation and apparently had a direct hand in the management of the farming operations, often acting as his own overseer. His letters to his brother George kept the latter informed about conditions on the plantation--crops, slaves, prices, etc. George Washington Haywood's letters from clients and legal documents often bear the names of Haywood cousins, friends, and neighbors in Wake and surrounding counties, such as Whitaker, Poole, Boylan, Yarborough, Holloman, Goodwin, and others. During these years, he appears to have had three or more law partners, including Thomas W. Johnston, David W. Stone, and a Mr. Miller.
The papers of Alfred Williams, cousin of the Haywood brothers, are merged with, but not related to, George Washington Haywood's papers. Williams' father and Haywood's mother were brother and sister. In partnership with Dr. Fabius Julius Haywood of Raleigh, a younger brother of George Washington, and his own brother John R. Williams, Alfred had for many years operated a drug firm and general merchandise store, Williams & Haywood, Inc. There are a number of business items of this firm and correspondence to the firm from the early 1830s from various physicians of eastern North Carolina, usually requesting drugs and medicines. About 1833, this partnership purchased land from a Houston family in Marengo County, Ala. From this point on, correspondence and business items of the merchant partnership no longer appear in the papers, although the firm continued for some years.
Alfred Williams moved to Alabama to operate the plantation. He prospered and ultimately owned ninety-one slaves and much land. His accounts, tax lists, bills and receipts, lists of slaves, correspondence with cotton commission merchants and overseers, and items on plantation business are present in the papers. Williams married about 1850 and returned to Raleigh to spend the greater part of each year, leaving the management of his plantation to a series of overseers with whom he corresponded. A deed, dated 4 January 1856, indicated that he bought more than 700 acres of land west of Raleigh.
There were a number of letters to Alfred Williams in Raleigh, N.C., and Linden, Alabama, in the early 1850s from his cousin, J. J. Williams. J. J. Williams (who was at Butler and Pushmataka in Choctaw County, Ala., in 1851 and 1852; at Prairie Plains and Anderson in Grimes County, Texas, in 1852 and 1853; and at Centerville in Leon County, Texas, in 1854) chiefly wrote about his financial difficulties and his efforts to sell land he owned in Texas to pay off his creditors, one of whom was Alfred Williams. While in Alabama, he also wrote about the progress of his crops and other plantation business. There are letters from several other individuals, including F. W. Harmes and Thomas Affleck in 1853, to Williams about the sale of the Texas property.
In addition to these two parallel but unrelated series of papers, there are letters of Alfred Moore Haywood, chiefly to his brother Edmund Burke Haywood, who was a physician in Raleigh after his graduation from the University of Pennsylvania, and also to his brother George Washington Haywood and his sister Betsy. These letters begin on 1 August 1856, in Galveston, Texas, and were written by Alfred Moore Haywood after he had killed a man named Smith during a fight in the city of Raleigh. There were witnesses to the fight and Haywood fled to Texas and thence to Mexico. His letters to his relatives describe his wanderings and sufferings. He finally settled in Matamoros, Mexico, leaving his Raleigh property and slaves to his brother's management. He was 52 years old at the time.
The papers also contain about fourteen letters between members of the Scott family of New Bern and Raleigh, N.C. These are chiefly letters from Guion Scott to his brother Lawrence W. Scott, who was attempting to establish a practice of some sort (presumably medicine) in Raleigh. The final letter of this group is one from Charles G. Scott to George W. Haywood dated 5 August 1857. Otherwise, the Scott letters are apparently unrelated to the Haywood papers.
Items that may be of particular interest are described below.
|1830||Many items are legal correspondence and papers of George Washington Haywood; similar items continue until 1860. February, William Henry Haywood, Jr., to his cousin Eliza Eagles Haywood (Betsy). 7 May, letter of introduction from John B. Muse of Washington, D.C., to Fabius Julius Haywood introducing Dr. Alexander Telfair. 23 May, Theo A. Snow to George W. Haywood, describing Terre Haute, Indiana, where he was visiting. 5 June, William H. Haywood, Jr., to his cousin Betsy with a statement and discussion of her indebtedness. 6 August, letter from E. Fondo, dressmaker for Miss E. Haywood. Indentures conveying a slave family from Jesse and Stephen Birdsall to John McLeran and Hugh McLaurin. A number of legal papers of the 1830s bear the name of Birdsall. 13 December, W. Latimer of Edenton to Thomas W. Johnston (partner of George W. Haywood), concerning a sale of property. 21 December, William H. Haywood to Betsy Haywood giving personal advice.|
|1831||1 January, valuation of slaves belonging to the heirs of the late John Williams. 18 January, Judge Henry Potter, of Fayetteville, N.C., to Dr. Hudson M. Cave, Chapel Hill, about collecting a debt. 16 February, Marshall T. Pole of Charlotte, N.C., to John B. Johns or G. W. Haywood, about a legal matter. 22 February, William H. Haywood, Jr., to his cousin Betsy with references to the scandal that involved both their families, the unfortunate state of his father's pecuniary affairs with the State Bank. Young Haywood was forced to buy some of this father's property. 19 April, Robert McKoy of Clinton, N.C., with an order for a Wedgewood mortar and pestle and smallpox vaccine from Williams & Haywood, Inc. 29 April, I. T.(?) Haywood of Smithfield, N.C., to his cousin George W. Haywood about the latter running for political office and his chances. 30 May, Dr. J. T. Gilliam of Fayetteville, to Williams & Haywood, Inc. about the fire that had destroyed a large section of the town on the preceding day. The drug supplies having been destroyed, Gilliam ordered supplies listing those most needed. August, advertisements sent out by Mrs. John Haywood to state legislators offering rooms to rent during their stay in Raleigh. 1 August, William H. Haywood, Jr., on the death of his nephew, son of his sister Mrs. Charity Manly. September-December, business letters of Williams & Haywood, Inc., from William Pickett of near Hillsboro, M. E. Manly of New Bern, John T. Johnston of Hillsboro, Henry T. Clark of Tarboro, and other items from northern business firms.|
|1832||Included are letters from I. T. Haywood and William Henry Haywood, Jr., and dry goods accounts of Eliza E. Haywood. Pension petition, Revolutionary War Service, of John Walker. Obituary of Mrs. Elizabeth Araph (Williams) Haywood, who died 21 July 1832, written by Thomas Burgess Haywood. Copy of the will of Dennis Grady of Wake County, 17 October 1832. 20 August, Charles Manly (governor of North Carolina 1849-1851) to Eliza E. Haywood on the execution of her mother's will. 19 December, D. W. Stone, Edenton, to Alfred Moore Haywood concerning the renting of land.|
|1833||Includes an inventory of drugs purchased from Dr. Rufus Haywood by Williams & Haywood, Inc. Part of an address (4 pages) by William Gaston. 10 June, Rebecca Jane Haywood to William B. Meares, Wilmington, attorney, about her Wilmington property recently inherited from her mother. 31 August, copy of the will of William Whitley of Wake County. 8 November, Dennis O'Bryan of Warren County to G. W. Haywood about renting the latter his plantation on Swift Creek. Scattered letters and papers from or relating to Joseph Small of Pittsboro run through the early 1830s, mainly relating to his debts. 18 December, Thomas Burgess Haywood, Raleigh, to Dear Sister visiting in Wilmington, mainly a facetious letter about social life in Raleigh.|
|1834||Eliza E. Haywood to her sister Rebecca Jane, who was visiting in Wilmington with the E. B. Dudley family, giving extensive advice on the conduct of a young lady and an account of Raleigh social news. Information in the letters of Rebecca Haywood indicates that on this Wilmington visit she met Albert G. Hall and married him the following November or December in Raleigh. Her letters from 1835 until her tragic death in 1842 written to her sister Eliza depict the unfortunate circumstances of her married life and her trials with her husband. 20 February, bond of several members of the Haywood family to purchase some of the property that had been taken from John Haywood, state treasurer, when the deficit was discovered at his death. 21 March, Thomas D. King, Tuscaloosa, Ala., to G. W. Haywood about business concerning their two families. 1 April, Carolina R. Moore, Wilmington, N.C., to My Dear Cousin (Rebecca Jane Haywood). 5 April, Randolph Webb, Raleigh, to Judge Henry Seawell, Raleigh, legal matter concerning the discharge of a bond. 11 and 26 April, William B. Meares, Wilmington attorney, to George W. Haywood, legal business. 26 October, copy of the will of James Speight of Wake County. 24 November, Albert G. Hall, Wilmington, to Eliza Haywood on his forthcoming marriage to her sister Rebecca Jane.|
|1835||Includes Eliza Haywood's accounts with general merchandise firm in Raleigh. Two land transactions of William Donaldson and Henry A. Donaldson of Wake County. Letters from Rebecca (Haywood) Hall to her sister Eliza giving an account of her life in Wilmington. 4 March, the first of about six letters of C. H. Dudley, attending an Episcopal boys school in Raleigh, to Albert Hall. In this year appear the first letters of John Steele Haywood to his brother George W. written from Greensboro, Greene County, Ala., where he had moved to make a new life. 30 May, Elizabeth Pearsall to her nephew Albert G. Hall.|
|1836||Legal correspondence of George W. Haywood with northern law firms. A marked increase in family letters, including the letters of A. G. Hall to his wife, Rebecca, staying with her family in Raleigh. Their first child was born in January 1836, a girl who was named Eliza Haywood Hall and thereafter called Betsy. 20 February, Fabius Haywood to Alfred Williams, Greensborough, Ala., with news of the families in both localities. Evidence in the letter indicates that the Alabama venture was a combined effort to repay debts and recover reputation. 22 January, Harry Clark, Cook County, Tenn., to his nephew Lewis Dupree of Raleigh. 8 March, copy of the will of Thomas Lambeth of Chatham County. 18 April, Theo A. Snow, Liberty Va., to George W. Haywood, friendly letter. 23 April and 20 May, Joseph Fowler of Wake County to G. W. Haywood describing a gang of hoodlums who attacked his family and slaves. 13 May, Joseph Gales Johnson, Choctaw, Columbus (Miss.?) on the influence of Santa Anna on the cotton market and advantages of emigrating to Texas as soon as the land opened up. A. G. Hall to Rebecca Haywood Hall. 26 September, H. Waddell, Pittsboro, to My dear cousin (Eliza Haywood) asking to room at her house. 6 November, (and March and April 1837) William Davie Haywood, Philadelphia, to his brother George on entering medical college. George W. was paying his tuition and expenses. Articles of agreement and correspondence with overseers. 2 November, Richard D. Speight, New Bern, legal business with W. Haywood.|
|1837||Includes legal papers and plantation correspondence and accounts as heretofore. 12 March, Rebecca Haywood Hall, Woodbine Retreat near South Washington, N.C., where she and her husband had made their home and engaged in farming, to her sister Eliza Haywood. Eliza Haywood's household accounts with the Raleigh firm of Haywood and Little. 3 July and 17 August, William Davie Haywood, Philadelphia, to his brother George on receiving his medical degree, which took him six months. 2 August, deed for Indiana land between William and Susan Williams and Alexander Lawrence. Correspondence with attorneys and other persons in Indiana over this property composes a minor segment of the Williams papers for the next 20-year period. Other letters from Rebecca Hall and one from Albert G. Hall of 17 December to Eliza Haywood telling of the arrival of his wife's second child, a daughter called Alice. 27 October, Will of Susan Parrish of Wake County.|
|1838||February 18, Richard Barum, friend and client of George W. Haywood, formerly of Wake County, withdrawing lawsuit against old Rodgers and the Williams family. March and October 24, J. W. Carroll, Chapel Hill attorney, urging G. W. Haywood to attend to certain legal matters. May 5, Abraham Rencher, Washington, D. C., to G. W. Haywood. May 25, M. I. Waddell, Pittsboro, to Charles Manly about a debt. June 19, William Roles to G. W. Haywood requesting legal advice on a suspected rape of a mute girl. July 13, August 16, and January 25, 1840, Robert Stamper, Hilliardston, Nash County, to G. W. Haywood about his suit against the Bank of the State of North Carolina October 25, March 11 and November 27, 1839, Moses Jewett, Columbus, Mo., to George W. Haywood about Dr. Joseph B. Hinton of Raleigh. November 7, Mrs. S. H. Waddell, Hillsboro, to Eliza Moorefields near Hillsborough. November 8, Alfred M. Haywood, Raleigh, to her brother George about desiring to keep the family home to purchase herself for a boarding school.|
|1839||January 3, letters from Eliza E. Haywood to her brothers Fabius and George thanking them for enabling her to keep the family home. Jan 4, Joseph I. Dillard, Hinds City, Miss., about a runaway slave and debts. Letters of this period from John S. Haywood to George W. tell of trouble with crops and slaves on the Alabama plantation. Papers indicate that a number of slaves were purchased in Raleigh and sent to him in Alabama. November 16, Joseph B. Hinton, Raleigh, to George W. Haywood. February 12, 1842, same to same. Scattered letters 1839-41 from Reverdy Johnson to George W. Haywood.|
|1840||Includes many business and legal papers and letters of George W. Haywood. Also in this year are a few letters and invitations to G. W. Haywood on Whig business or celebrations. Eliza Haywood's school tuition bills and receipts. March 5, Charles Fisher, Washington, D. C., about the debt we owe to the Literary Board. March 30, John H. Seawell, Spring Hill, Ala., to his brother Henry Seawell, Raleigh. May 20, B. Whitfield wrote to give Williams information on his land holdings and conditions in Alabama in general. July 10, Abraham Rencher, Pittsboro, to Charles Manly, Raleigh, about a Whig meeting and maneuvers. September 11, J. O. Watson of Raleigh writing from Montreal, Canada, to G. E. Haywood about his travels in that place. September 23, November 16, Rebecca Hall, South Washington, N.C., to her sister Eliza about the new baby daughter, her many problems, her husband's unkindness.|
|1841||Includes scattered letters during this period to Eliza Haywood from Mrs. Waddell of Hillsboro, and also from Rebecca Hall. January 8, H. I. Gorman, Concord, to Martha Gorman that was, Raleigh, about losing his money and property, going to Mississippi. Family letters about Eliza's plan to open a boarding school. March 29, W. Nichols, formerly of Raleigh, writing from prison (?) to George W. Haywood desiring his services as an attorney. An engineer, Nichols had gotten into serious trouble. July 17, Ezra McCall Tate, Asheville, N.C., to George W. Haywood. May 2, Rebecca Hall to Eliza on her little daughter Alice being burned to death and other tragic events in her family. December 25, and August 1, 1842, Spencer H. Alston, Bedford, N.C., to G. W. Haywood, personal and business matters.|
|1842||Includes letters from Merritt Dillard of Holy Springs, Ala., to Alfred Williams, Linden, Ala., about mutual property holdings, debts, etc. A number of family letters, accounts and other business items related to the family farming ventures in Alabama. Letters of Rebecca Hall to her sister Eliza and also of her husband urging payment to him of his wife's share of her mother's estate. August 20, Ann M. Jones, South Washington, to Eliza Haywood on the death of Rebecca Haywood Hall. November 28, Guion Scott, New Bern, to his brother Lawrence W. Scott, Raleigh. November 28, Thomas A. Williams, Hamilton, Ga., to his brother Alfred telling of their brother William's imminent departure for Mississippi and family business. See also July 7, 1843, Williams to Williams. December 31, Albert G. Hall to Eliza E. Haywood declining her offer to raise and educate Rebecca's two surviving daughters, Betsy and Ida.|
|1843||Includes business and legal papers as heretofore. January 7, Eliza E. Haywood to Alfred Hall on the care and education of Rebecca's two daughters, and March 1, Hall's reply to same. These are the last letters relating to the Hall family in the papers. Letters from John MacLeod, Buna Vista, Johnston County, N.C., to George W. Haywood about debts, legal matters, Whig business, at length. These letters are dated June 25, June 26 (to H. W. Husted of Raleigh), July 4, August 17, September 1, October 12, 21; and October 23, 1844. July 19, William Davie Haywood to his brother George about his poor circumstances, desiring to leave for Alabama to practice as a physician. Shortly after this letter was written he did leave for Alabama where he lived with his brother John on his plantation in Greene County. John's letter to George of November 29 describes William's conduct on the plantation. July 27, will of Eliza Powell of Chatham County. August 21, Eliza Haywood to her brother George about the education of their brother Edmund Burke, who was going to UNC October 25, will of Lucinda Lanier of Franklin County, N.C.|
|1844||Includes letters from E. Burke Haywood attending UNC at Chapel Hill. January 13, D. Sugg to George W. Haywood, legal business and emigrating to Mississippi. Indenture between William Powell and William Poole of Wake. February 10, Indenture between William N. Shanck, George W. Haywood, John Buffalow, Weston R. Gales, and John Smith for land. May 29, Joel King, Green Hill, Ala., to Alfred Williams. May, will of William Lashley of Wake County. July 29, copy of letter from George W. Haywood to David W. Stone, Raleigh attorney, in which Haywood demanded to know if Stone had made certain slanderous statements about him. Stone either was or had been a law partner of Haywood's. October 17, Eliza E. Haywood to her brother Burke at Chapel Hill with family and Raleigh news. November 24, John P. Manly, Smithfield, to George W. Haywood asking him to be his groomsman. November 29, Joel King, Green Hill, Ala., to Alfred Williams about business, debts, mutual friends. December 14, Guion Scott, New Bern, to his brother Dr. Lawrence W. Scott, Raleigh.|
|1845||Includes scattered letters between members of the Scott family. January 3, 13, deed and articles of agreement between John S. and George W. Haywood as to the ownership and operation of their Alabama land holdings. January 19, Reverdy Johnson, Annapolis, to George W. Haywood. January 30, Thomas Bragg, Warrenton, N.C., to G. W. Haywood. March 29, N. E. Rand, New Bern, Alabama, to John Hayes, attorney of Raleigh, telling about one D. B. Massey, alias Dempsey Blake, formerly of Wake County, who had deserted his North Carolina family and settled in Alabama. May 25 and later, letters from E. Burke Haywood at Chapel Hill to his brother George and sister Eliza. October 6, George Gray, Windsor, N.C., to his cousin David Stone. A few items of legal and business correspondence of David W. Stone. List of fifty slaves purchased from a Miss Hinton by George W. Haywood(?) for $14,275, and other items concerning purchase and sale of slaves. November 5, 19, W. H. Jones, Raleigh, to David W. Stone. Legal papers of the Powell and Fowler families of Wake County.|
|1846||Includes family letters, a number about William Davie Haywood in Greene County, Ala., and a few from him. April 1, May 1, J. P. Devereux to David W. Stone. Many business items related to the Marengo County, Ala., plantation of Williams & Haywood, Inc. August 29, E. Burke Haywood to his brother George about his decision to quit the study of Law and commence that of Physick. November 21, M. A. C. Gaines, Wake Forest, about giving security to G. W. Haywood.|
|1847||The 100 items for this year are almost entirely legal and business papers. January 9, Alfred Williams, Marengo County, Ala, to his brother John R. at Raleigh concerning their mutual affairs. February 17, power of attorney granted by T. Loving, Wake County, to Wm R. Pool, Wake County. Other legal papers relating to members of the Pool family in the 1840s. Pool was an active Whig and friend of George W. Haywood. March 27, will of John Shaw of Wake County. June 20, will of Frances Waddail of Franklin County.|
|1848||Legal correspondence and papers of George W. Haywood, and plantation business items and correspondence of Williams and Haywood, Inc.|
|1849||Chiefly papers similar to those previously described. Also included are papers relating to the family and descendants of James Furse who married Herodias Redding in 1766 in Savannah, Ga. (typed transcription). March 3, Mat. W. Alexander, Charlotte, to George W. Haywood. April 7, E. Burke Haywood's medical diploma from the University of Pennsylvania. May 18, will of William R. Pool of Wake County. August and September, a few legal papers relating to the Stith family of Raleigh. September 1, William S. Hadley, Chatham County, to the directors of the Bank of Cape Fear at Raleigh about debts of the late Allen Goodwin of Raleigh. December 6, Nathaniel J. Palmer, Milton, N.C., to Mrs. Sarah Ann Stone, widow of David W. Stone, and December 10, Palmer's bond to Mrs. Stone. Also October 6, 1850, Palmer to George W. Haywood.|
|1850||Primarily papers similar to those previously described. Also included are May 7, Samuel F. Phillips, Chapel Hill, to George W. Haywood about litigation between Henry Williams and a Mr. Page whose son married Williams's daughter. August 14, legal agreement between Edward Yarborough of Raleigh and Alfred Williams. Yarborough had married Hannah Haywood, widow of Dr. John Lee Haywood, and was the proprietor of Raleigh's Yarborough House. September 3, will of Josiah Jones of Wake County. September, 27, H. Waddell, Hillsboro, to George W. Haywood about being sued by the Bank of Cape Fear. Also two letters of February 21, 1851.|
|1851||Chiefly papers as previously described. February 5, will of Elizabeth Fort of Wake. Scattered letters during the year from J. R. Whitaker, Wilmington, to George W. Haywood. August 30, two lengthy letters from John S. Haywood, Greensborough, Ala., to George W. giving an account of the state of their operations in Alabama, extent of land holding, present and future prospects. December 8, John W. Wilson, overseer, to his employer Alfred Williams. Other Wilson letters occasionally during this decade. December 9, Samuel F. Phillips, Chapel Hill, to G. W. Haywood about an insolvent merchant, a Mr. Kirkland.|
|1852||Chiefly papers as previously described. February 1 and March 12, M. D. J. Slade, Tuscaloosa, Ala., to Alfred Williams. Slade was a native North Carolinian. November 1, Sidney Smith, Chapel Hill, to George W. Haywood about mutual business.|
|1853||Chiefly papers as previously described. January 9, John R. Williams, Raleigh, to his brother Alfred in Linden, Ala., about the Williams' business operations in Raleigh. June 15, John T. Williams, Harris County, Ga., to his uncle Alfred on the death of his father. Scattered correspondence of a legal nature from William Veitch of Philadelphia to George W. Haywood. October 2, Charles Manly to Eliza E. Haywood. November 9, John Goode, attorney of Brogden, Va., to George W. Haywood about defending Hardaman Irby accused of murdering a slave.|
|1854||Chiefly papers as previously described. May 30, Thomas Ruffin (not the chief justice) Washington, D. C., to G. W. Haywood on the question of the legal insanity of his sister. June 12, Merritt Dillard, Carroll County, Miss., to John Griffes, Raleigh, about his long life in Mississippi, debts, etc.|
|1855||Chiefly papers as previously described. September 10, William A. Graham, Hillsboro, to G. W. Haywood on legal business. November 18, Alfred Moore Haywood to his brother George about his problems.|
|1856||Chiefly papers as previously described. January4, deed for a large tract of land purchased by Alfred Williams west of Raleigh. August 1 is the date of the first letter written by Alfred Moore Haywood on his flight from Raleigh, accused of murdering a man named Smith. Haywood's letters to his brothers in Raleigh continue until after the Civil War.|
|1857||Chiefly correspondence and other papers as previously described. A number of family letters, including letters from Alfred M. Haywood staying temporarily with a Dr. Ruffin (formerly of North Carolina) in Lexington and Independence, Mo., Van Buren, Ark., and other locations on the frontier. Sometimes he signed his name Jacob Shepperd. November, E. Burke Haywood's account books for his patients, including Sion H. Rogers.|
|1858||Includes more letters from Alfred Haywood, some written from Matamoros, Mexico, where he finally decided to settle. A few items of Colonel Edward Yarborough, some relating to the Yarborough House at Raleigh. March 6, C. C. H., Columbia, Tennessee, to Dear Sister, (Fanny Jones) containing an obituary of Colonel Edward Jones of Pittsboro, Chatham County, which gives some biographical and genealogical information. April 9, Charles Manly to My dear Cousin, (Eliza Haywood). May 16, James T. Morehead, Greensboro, N.C., to George W. Haywood about the business of Jacob Hubbard.|
|1858||January, Alfred M. Haywood, Matamoros, Mexico, to Burke Haywood. This letter describes his two-month stay at Monterey. A number of other Alfred Haywood letters are present during the year. January 14, Alfred Williams, Marengo County, Ala., to his cousin Fabius Haywood giving a full account of and valuation of their mutually owned plantation and slaves. Williams desired to sell all of his Alabama interests and devote all his time to his Wake County, N.C., plantation and law practice. April 1 and May 9, William Cate, Jonesboro, Tenn., to Alfred Williams about business of the family of the late W. T. M. Outlaw and the Hartmus family. Some correspondence relating to the sale of Alfred Haywood's land by his brother Burke to a Mr. Henry. Henry died a few months after this and it is not clear whether the sale actually went through. December 2, John S. Haywood to George W. on the death of their brother William Davie Haywood of typhoid fever.|
|1860||Chiefly business, legal, and plantation papers as previously described, and letters from Alfred Moore Haywood in Mexico.|
Items from the Civil War period chiefly relate to Edmund Burke Haywood and his work with Confederate army hospitals in North Carolina. Included are accounts; invoices for medicines and other supplies, apparently listing all items issued to Burke Haywood as surgeon in charge of Pettigrew Hospital in Raleigh; reports of Confederate sick and wounded and of Union prisoners, listing names, regiments, and ailments; receipts from the Quartermaster's Department; notices from the Bureau of Conscription, recalling soldiers to duty from the hospital; and circulars from the surgeon general's office. Also included are a few medical case studies, 1864 and undated, giving descriptions of particular wounds and illnesses and precise accounts of the treatment followed in each case.
Note: See also Series 6, which includes many volumes from the period covered by this Series, especially Subseries 6.5, with records of E. Burke Haywood's Confederate medical practice.
Items from the period 1866 to 1875 chiefly concern the administration of the Williams and Haywood plantation in Marengo County, Ala. Included are bills and receipts, accounts, contracts with sharecroppers, reports on the cotton market, and many letters to Alfred Williams from various agents in Alabama, including Bryan Bennet, Charles Pence, F. A. Royal, and others. Also included in this period is a series of letters, 1865-1872, to Fabius Julius Haywood and E. Burke Haywood from "Jacob Shepperd," or Alfred Moore Haywood, residing in Matamoros, Tamaulipas, Mexico; most of these letters discuss the sorry state of his financial affairs and inquire after the administration of his remaining property in North Carolina.
Scattered accounts of the Alabama plantation continue until about 1882. However, after 1875 most items pertain to E. Burke Haywood or his family. Included are many bills, 1874-1880, of Burke Haywood as medical examiner for the North Carolina State Life Insurance Company; letters, 1876-1884, to Burke Haywood concerning the North Carolina State Insane Asylum; and miscellaneous bills, receipts, and correspondence of Burke Haywood. There are many letters, 1870-1884, from Burke Haywood's sons Alfred, Hubert, and Ernest Haywood, to their parents, their aunts Frances and Eliza, their sister Bettie, their younger brothers John and Edgar, and occasionally to each other; these letters were written from various schools and describe the students, classes and other activities. Alfred W. Haywood attended Oxford High School, Oxford, N.C., in 1870, Hubert Haywood attended the school from 1871 to 1874, and Ernest Haywood in 1873 and 1874; in 1874 J. H. Horner and R. M. Graves, principals of Oxford High School, started a school in Hillsborough, N.C., which was attended by Hubert Haywood in 1874 and by Ernest Haywood from 1874 to 1876. There are also a few letters, 1874-1876, from Hubert Haywood at the University of Virginia, and many letters from Ernest Haywood, 1877-1881, at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Also included are a typed transcription of the minutes, 1853-1887, of the Neuse Manufacturing Company, of which Fabius J. Haywood was a stockholder; a biographical sketch of E. Burke Haywood, 1877; a letter, 1 April 1885, to E. Burke Haywood from the University Gymnasium Association, which was founded "for the purpose of erecting a gymnasium and providing a ball-room" after the University Commencement Ball was banned from the campus at Chapel Hill; a few papers, 1898, regarding an inheritance from Philemon H. Haywood (d. 1852), midshipman, United States Navy, including an application for arrears of pay and other allowances filed by Philemon Haywood's sister Sally Haywood and a statement by Marshall DeLancey Haywood renouncing all claim to the legacy; bills, receipts and accounts, 1898-1910, of Dr. James McKee (1844-1912), superintendent of the North Carolina State Insane Asylum; advertisements for various income tax guides, 1919; a collection of articles, circa 1939, about duels and duelling, especially in North Carolina; and a membership bulletin, 1946, of the Raleigh Chamber of Commerce.
|Extra Oversize Paper Folder XOPF-1290/1|
Arrangement: by type.
Miscellaneous clippings on many different topics. Some of the clippings date from the Civil War. Also included is a bundle of North Carolina lottery tickets.
Arrangement: by type.
The volumes series was rearranged and renumbered in 1991. The former number for each volume is included in parentheses at the end of each description.
Account books showing purchases of food, clothing, and other household items chiefly kept by Elizabeth E. A. (Mrs. John) Haywood. Also included are account books for E. B.(Burke?) Haywood, and Miss F. A. (Frances Ann) Haywood recording their personal expenses and expenses at a specific store.
V-1290/1: 1812-1814 #01290, Subseries: "6.1. Household and Personal Accounts, 1812-1881." Folder 312
Account book showing receipts and expenditures for cloth and other household items.
V-1290/2: 1815-1819 #01290, Subseries: "6.1. Household and Personal Accounts, 1812-1881." Folder 313
Eliza E. A. Haywood's housekeeping memoranda book showing receipts and expenditures (formerly volume 3).
V-12/903: 1820-1821 #01290, Subseries: "6.1. Household and Personal Accounts, 1812-1881." Folder 314
Eliza E. A. Haywood's housekeeping memoranda book showing monies for family use (formerly volume 6).
V-1290/4: January 1831 #01290, Subseries: "6.1. Household and Personal Accounts, 1812-1881." Folder 315
Mrs. John Haywood's account with H & K Kyle (formerly volume 9).
Account book showing house expenses (formerly volume 10).
E. B. Haywood's "market book" including a list of purchases of meat and other commodities with prices (formerly volume 36).
V-1290/7: 1862-1863 #01290, Subseries: "6.1. Household and Personal Accounts, 1812-1881." Folder 318
Miss F. A. Haywood's personal account with Williams & Haywood (formerly volume 46).
E. B. Haywood in account with S. D. Harrison (formerly volume 67).
Miss F. A. Haywood in account with Williams & Haywood (formerly volume 71).
V-1290/10: 1877-1881 #01290, Subseries: "6.1. Household and Personal Accounts, 1812-1881." Folder 320
Household accounts (formerly volume 72).
Volumes containing miscellaneous notes, journal entries, and accounts for plantations. Two volumes specifically refer to Alabama plantations owned by Alfred Williams and his cousin William Haywood. The other eight volumes do not identify the plantations, but it is possible that they also relate to the Alabama properties. The final two volumes in this subseries appear to be records of time worked by freedmen after the Civil War and supplies that were given to them.
V-1290/11: 1833-1837 #01290, Subseries: "6.2. Plantation Journals and Accounts, 1833-1881." Folder 321
Alabama farm expenses for travel and goods (formerly volume 18).
|Oversize Volume SV-1290/12||
Record of labor and supplies #01290, Subseries: "6.2. Plantation Journals and Accounts, 1833-1881." SV-1290/12
Appears to be a record of labor and supplies for individuals working on a plantation who were not slaves (formerly volume S-17).
V-1290/13: 1836-1881 #01290, Subseries: "6.2. Plantation Journals and Accounts, 1833-1881." Folder 322
Dr. William Haywood in account with A. Williams Co. for his plantation in Alabama (formerly volume 19).
V-1290/14-17: 1837, 1838, 1839, 1840-1841 #01290, Subseries: "6.2. Plantation Journals and Accounts, 1833-1881." Folder 323
Plantation memorandum books, including lists of supplies purchased, lists of supplies given to slaves, and a few daily journal entries (formerly volumes 21, 22, 23, and 24).
V-1290/18: 1845-1854 #01290, Subseries: "6.2. Plantation Journals and Accounts, 1833-1881." Folder 324
Plantation account book (formerly volume 27).
V-1290/19: December 1865-January 1867 #01290, Subseries: "6.2. Plantation Journals and Accounts, 1833-1881." Folder 325
Supplies given to slaves or freedmen (formerly volume 58).
V-1290/20: 1867-1871 #01290, Subseries: "6.2. Plantation Journals and Accounts, 1833-1881." Folder 326
Account of time worked by freedmen and a list of supplies given to them (formerly volume 60).
Arrangement: by type.
Three account books recording sales and repairs of shoes. V-1290/21 is not identified as belonging to James Newlon, but it includes similar accounts.
Ledger of James Newlon of Raleigh, N.C. (formerly volume 11).
|Oversize Volume SV-1290/22||
Ledger listing shoes, boots, and repair jobs (formerly volume S 15).
|Oversize Volume SV-1290/23||
Accounts of James Newlon #01290, Subseries: "6.3.1. James Newlon Account Books, 1832-1837." SV-1290/23
Accounts of James Newlon for boots and shoes (formerly volume S 12).
V-1290/24: 1834-1837 #01290, Subseries: "6.3.2. Williams & Haywood Account Books, 1834-1837." Folder 328
Accounts for the drugstore owned by Williams & Haywood (formerly volume 118).
Four account books kept by members of the Yarborough family. Other volumes for the Yarborough family are included in Subseries 6.6.
Volumes 1290/25-26: 1851, 1851-1852 #01290, Subseries: "6.3.3. Yarborough Account Books, 1851-1862." Folder 329-330
Accounts of Ed Yarborough, agent for a stage coach company (formerly volumes 30 and 31).
Ledger for E. Yarborough, Jr., of Raleigh, N.C., who was apparently a blacksmith (formerly volume 34).
Account book for work by a blacksmith such as shoeing horses and making hoes. The owner is not identified (formerly volume 40).
Four account books kept by E. B. (Burke?) Haywood of Raleigh, N.C., for some type of sheep and calf skin business.
Volumes 1290/29-32: 1871, 1875, 1876, Undated #01290, Subseries: "6.3.4. E. B. Haywood Account Books, 1871-1876 and undated." Folder 333
Record of sales of lamb, sheep, and calf skins, and shearlings. Includes the number shipped and some addresses (formerly volumes 64, 65, 66, and 63).
Various account books recording sales of merchandise for which the owner is unidentified. The last eight account books were apparently kept by the same individual, possibly for a store in Watauga County, N.C.
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1834 #01290, Subseries: "6.3.5. Unidentified Merchant Account Books, 1834-1931 and undated." SV-1290/33
Ledger for general merchandise. Includes mostly dry goods, but also items such as sugar, tacks, brandy, linen, flannel, coffee, and candles (formerly volume S 16).
V-1290/34: 1834-1837 #01290, Subseries: "6.3.5. Unidentified Merchant Account Books, 1834-1931 and undated." Folder 334
Ledger for general merchandise (formerly volume 14).
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1834-1840 #01290, Subseries: "6.3.5. Unidentified Merchant Account Books, 1834-1931 and undated." SV-1290/35
Ledger for general merchandise. Also included is an inventory of effects at the sale of John G. Marshall in Raleigh, N.C., Marshall's name appears at intervals in the book (formerly volume S-115 or 14-B).
V-1290/36: 1857 #01290, Subseries: "6.3.5. Unidentified Merchant Account Books, 1834-1931 and undated." Folder 335
Account of butter sold (formerly volume 38).
V-1290/37: 1857-1859 #01290, Subseries: "6.3.5. Unidentified Merchant Account Books, 1834-1931 and undated." Folder 336
Scrapbook of bills and receipts for Forrest (or Forestville) Manufacturing Company (formerly volume 39). Contains approximately 800 items, mostly receipts for the purchase of rags and other materials for the making of paper from suppliers such as J. B. Sheffield and Co. of New York, from commission merchants such as Britton, Todd and Young of Petersburg, Va., and from a variety of other sources, including many private individuals. Also included are bills, some correspondence, and other business papers of the Forrest Manufacturing Company.
V-1290/38: 1911-1915 #01290, Subseries: "6.3.5. Unidentified Merchant Account Books, 1834-1931 and undated." Folder 337
Ledger for general store (formerly volume 90).
V-1290/39: 1914 #01290, Subseries: "6.3.5. Unidentified Merchant Account Books, 1834-1931 and undated." Folder 338
Ledger for general store (formerly volume 91).
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1923-1926 #01290, Subseries: "6.3.5. Unidentified Merchant Account Books, 1834-1931 and undated." SV-1290/43
Ledger for general store (formerly volume S-95).
V-1290/44: 1926-1928 #01290, Subseries: "6.3.5. Unidentified Merchant Account Books, 1834-1931 and undated." Folder 339
Ledger for general store (formerly volume 96).
V-1290/45: 1928-1931 #01290, Subseries: "6.3.5. Unidentified Merchant Account Books, 1834-1931 and undated." Folder 340
Ledger for general store (formerly volume 97).
V-1290/46: Undated #01290, Subseries: "6.3.5. Unidentified Merchant Account Books, 1834-1931 and undated." Folder 341
List of articles sold and names of purchasers (formerly volume 109).
Book listing names of individuals who were assigned warrants, certificates, and claims, and the amounts they owed (formerly volume 2).
The majority of these volumes relate to E. Burke Haywood, a physician in Raleigh, N.C. A number of the items date from the Civil War, when Haywood was a surgeon at several Confederate hospitals in the area. Also included are books with notes on his cases, possible remedies, and accounts for patients.
V-1290/48: 1847-1849 #01290, Subseries: "6.5. Medical Notebooks and Accounts, 1847-1883." Folder 343
Medical notes of E. Burke Haywood (formerly volume 28).
V-1290/49: 1848-1862 #01290, Subseries: "6.5. Medical Notebooks and Accounts, 1847-1883." Folder 344
Notes on patients and symptoms kept in a Marsh's New Diary (formerly volume 29).
V-1290/50: 1853-1858 #01290, Subseries: "6.5. Medical Notebooks and Accounts, 1847-1883." Folder 345
Order book for drugs for E. B. Haywood (formerly volume 32).
Physicians account book for visits to patients (formerly volume 33).
Book with recipes for cures for sickness (formerly volume 35).
Hospital record. Clippings are pasted over the first few pages (formerly volume 45).
V-1290/54: 1861-1862 #01290, Subseries: "6.5. Medical Notebooks and Accounts, 1847-1883." Folder 349
Prescription book and diet book for the North Carolina Hospital, William Litch?, Assistant Surgeon (formerly volume 52).
Physician's prescription and diet book (formerly volume 48).
V-1290/56: 25 January 1862 #01290, Subseries: "6.5. Medical Notebooks and Accounts, 1847-1883." Folder 351
Record of hospital admissions for soldiers (formerly volume 49).
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Account book for Baptist Grove Hospital (formerly volume S-50).
V-1290/58: 1862-1864 #01290, Subseries: "6.5. Medical Notebooks and Accounts, 1847-1883." Folder 352
Dr. Leach's? Register, General Hospital (formerly volume 51).
Physician's case book (formerly volume 54).
V-1290/60: 1864-1865 #01290, Subseries: "6.5. Medical Notebooks and Accounts, 1847-1883." Folder 354
Account book for the Pettigrew Hospital in Raleigh, N.C. (formerly volume 56).
V-1290/61: 1864-1866 #01290, Subseries: "6.5. Medical Notebooks and Accounts, 1847-1883." Folder 355
General Hospital orders and letters, Book #7. E. Burke Haywood, Surgeon (formerly volume 53).
Account book for the Pettigrew Hospital in Raleigh, N.C. E. Burke Haywood, Surgeon in charge (formerly volume 57).
Rough notes of surgical and medical cases made by E. Burke Haywood (formerly volume 62).
Physician's visiting list and record of accounts for E. Burke Haywood, M.D., of Raleigh, N.C. (formerly volume 68).
Physician's account book. Only a few pages have been used, chiefly for January and June. Lists names of accounts and number of visits (formerly volume 117 or 69-B).
Brief list of drugs and prices (formerly volume 87).
Three guest registers for Yarborough House in Raleigh, N.C.
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Yarborough House Registers (formerly volumes S-41, S-42, and S-43).
Bank books for several individuals in the Haywood family. Also included are bank books for Alfred Williams.
George W. Haywood in account with Bank of Cape Fear (formerly volume 25).
Alfred Williams in account with Merchants Bank (formerly volume 26).
McGee & Williams in account with Mechanics Bank of New York (formerly volume 59).
Book of check stubs (formerly volume 69).
Dr. E. Burke Haywood in account with Citizen's National Bank (formerly volume 70).
Alfred Williams in account with the State Bank of North Carolina. Also included are accounts for Webb & Williams and Williams & Haywood, and a list of medicines (formerly volume 105).
A. Williams with Banks of the State of North Carolina (formerly volume 106).
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Day book recording amounts paid for labor on road and quarry, including amounts spent for liquor, cash, and board. The name of Morris Freel, spelled various ways, figures prominently in the accounts. Apparently for Wake County, N.C. (formerly volume S-116).
Account book showing amounts paid for labor (formerly volume 37).
Recipe book, also includes accounts (formerly volume 47).
Recipes (formerly volume 61).
Volumes 1290/81-85: Undated #01290, Subseries: "6.9. Recipe Books, 1862-1872 and undated." Folder 372
Recipes (formerly volumes 101, 102, 103, 104, and 114).
Chiefly lecture notes taken by Ernest Haywood while he was at the University of North Carolina. Also included is a copy book for Eliza A. Dudley, and four small volumes containing what appear to be history notes.
Lectures on chemistry (formerly volume 5).
Eliza A. Dudley's copy book (formerly volume 13).
Volumes 1290/88-89: 1877, 1877-1880? #01290, Subseries: "6.10. School Notebooks, 1819-1880 and undated." Folder 375
Ernest Haywood, chemistry notebooks, University of North Carolina (formerly volumes 73 and 74).
Volumes 1290/90-91: 1871, 1877-1880? #01290, Subseries: "6.10. School Notebooks, 1819-1880 and undated." Folder 376
Ernest Haywood, Latin notebooks (formerly volumes 75 and 76).
Ernest Haywood, chemistry notebook (formerly volume 77).
Ernest Haywood, physics notebook (formerly volume 78).
Ernest Haywood, botany notebook (formerly volume 79).
Volumes 1290/95-96: 1878?, 1879 #01290, Subseries: "6.10. School Notebooks, 1819-1880 and undated." Folder 380
Ernest Haywood, notes on F. W. Simonds's geology lectures, Volumes I and II (formerly volumes 80 and 84).
Notes on biology, anatomy, and hygiene (formerly volume 81).
Notes on chemistry and political science (formerly volume 82).
Ernest Haywood, notes on political economy (formerly volume 83).
Ernest Haywood, notes on F. W. Simonds's zoology lectures (formerly volume 85).
Ernest Haywood, notes on hygiene, anatomy, and physiology (formerly volume 86).
French language notebook (formerly volume 107).
Volumes 1290/103-106: Undated #01290, Subseries: "6.10. School Notebooks, 1819-1880 and undated." Folder 387
Four volumes containing what appear to be history notes (formerly volumes 110, 111, 112, 113).
Two lettercopy books relating to Ernest Haywood.
Copies of letters on various business and industrial enterprises, including land, manufacturing, and mining (formerly volume 88).
(Formerly volume 89.)
V-1290/109: Circa 1821-1828 #01290, Subseries: "6.12. Miscellaneous Writings, 1769-1967." Folder 390
182 pages of moral meditations and reflections on transcriptions from readings, inscribed "E. E. W. Haywood." This volume presumably was composed by Eliza Eagles Williams Haywood during the 1820s. It includes reflections on intellectual and social roles of women and on women's treatment by men (formerly volume 8).
"The Religion of the Bible and K[ing] W[illiam] County Compared," by James Reid written in 1769. Presented to Thos. B. Haywood in February 1836 (formerly volume 20).
"Transactions of the American Philosophical Society," New Series, Vol. 57, Part 1 (1957), edited by Richard Beale Davis, containing a transcription of Volume 110 (formerly addition to volume 20).
Volumes belonging to the Haywood family containing miscellaneous notes and memoranda. Included is a list of books owned by E. Burke Haywood in 1863.
V-1290/112: 1816, 1831 #01290, Subseries: "6.13. Memorandum Books, 1816-1863 and undated." Folder 393
Notebook containing jottings and other memoranda, including definitions of such things as "discount," "interest," etc. (formerly volume 4).
Memorandum book of E. Burke Haywood in Charleston, S. C. (formerly volume 44).
List of books belonging to E. Burke Haywood (formerly volume 55).
V-1290/115-117: Undated #01290, Subseries: "6.13. Memorandum Books, 1816-1863 and undated." Folder 396
Notebooks listing and describing flowers (formerly volumes 98, 99, and 100).
Addresses of widely scattered firms and individuals (formerly volume 108).
This series includes a portrait of Edmund Burke Haywood by W. G. Randall [in 1993 hanging in the Di-Phi Chamber in the New West Building], a pencil sketch of Pettigrew Hospital, and forty pictures and cartes de visite. The cartes de visite picture Confederate generals, leaders, and other prominent figures. Also included are a picture of Ernest Haywood and an engraving of John Haywood.
Note: Photographs P-1290/1-20 were published by E. and H. T. Anthony, New York, N.Y.
Identified on verso as General Mosley, circa 1860-1865 #01290, Series: "7. Pictures, 1860-1930 and undated." P-1290/18
Cartes-de-visite. Photographer: Mathew Brady (or assistant), Washington, D.C. Published by E. and H. T. Anthony, New York, N.Y.
Carte-de-visite. Photographer: Mathew Brady (or assistant), Washington, D.C.
"Semmes" (probably Raphael Semmes), circa 1860-1865 #01290, Series: "7. Pictures, 1860-1930 and undated." P-1290/24
Carte-de-visite. Photographer: Mathew Brady (or assistant), Washington, D.C. Published by E. and H. T. Anthony, New York, N.Y.
Carte-de-visite. Photographer: Mathew Brady (or assistant), Washington, D.C. Published by E. and H. T. Anthony, New York, N.Y.
Carte-de-visite. Photographer: Mathew Brady (or assistant), Washington, D.C. Published by E. and H. T. Anthony, New York, N.Y.
Unidentified Confederate General, circa 1860-1865 #01290, Series: "7. Pictures, 1860-1930 and undated." P-1290/32
Carte-de-visite. Photographer: C. C. Giers, Nashville, Tenn.
"The Only Confederate Drum Corps in Existence" (three elderly gentlemen identified as Wiley T. Johnson, James J. Lewis, and William B. Royster), circa 1900. #01290, Series: "7. Pictures, 1860-1930 and undated." P-1290/33
Contemporary photograph of drawing of Pettigrew Hospital, Raleigh, N.C., 18--. #01290, Series: "7. Pictures, 1860-1930 and undated." P-1290/36
Photograph of architect's drawing of Memorial Hall, University of North Carolina, circa 1870. #01290, Series: "7. Pictures, 1860-1930 and undated." P-1290/37
Photographer: S. L. Alderman, Raleigh, N.C.
Information on verso: "The completed building was a little different."
Engraving from daguerreotype. Artist: V. Balch.
Engraving. Artist: J. C. Buttre. Engraved for biographical sketches of eminent Americans from a daguerreotype by Whitehurst.
Engraving. Artist: E. G. Williams and Bro., N.Y. Published by Chas. L. VanNappen.
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Pencil sketch, 35-1/2 by 17-1/2, of Pettigrew Hospital by S. A. Partridge. #01290, Series: "7. Pictures, 1860-1930 and undated." OP-P-1290/41
The sketch shows a wooden fence, a center building against the fence, with three windows, but no door showing, small buildings at the fence corners, and, behind these, rows of barrack like buildings. It was possibly the back of the hospital area. Another pencil sketch of the hospital is in the Division of Archives and History in Raleigh (number 51.69.1 and a negative photograph of it N.53.15.4980). It is also signed "S. A. Partridge."
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Portrait of Edmund Burke Haywood by W. G. Randall #01290, Series: "7. Pictures, 1860-1930 and undated." OP-P-1290/42
In 1993 the portrait was hanging in the Di-Phi Chamber in the New West Building.
See Alternate form of material section above for details.
Processed by: Jane Adkins, Shonra Newman, and Rebecca Hollingsworth with the assistance of Angela Dickerson, March 1993
Encoded by: Bari Helms, March 2005
This collection was rehoused under the sponsorship of a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities, Office of Preservation, Washington, D.C., 1990-1992.Back to Top