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|1.0 feet of linear shelf space (approximately 350 items)
|George Scarborough Barnsley of Woodlands Plantation, Cass County, Ga., and Sao Paulo, Brazil, was a Confederate soldier, hospital steward, medical student, and assistant surgeon in the 8th Georgia Regiment. He emigrated to Brazil after the Civil War. Members of Barnsley's family included his father, Godfrey Barnsley (1805-1873), his brother, Lucien Barnsley (1840-1892), and his sister, Julia Bernard Barnsley (b. 1836). The collection includes correspondence, reminiscences, scrapbooks, printed pamphlets, and other materials, chiefly 1846-1873, relating to George Barnsley's years at school and at Oglethorpe University, his service during the Civil War, and his emigration to Brazil. Included are letters from Godfrey and Lucien Barnsley and reflections on life in Brazil in the late nineteenth century.
|Barnsley, George Scarborough, 1837-1918.
|University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Southern Historical Collection.
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Updated by: Kathryn Michaelis, December 2009
Updated by: Laura Hart, July 2021Back to Top
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George Scarborough Barnsley (1837-1918) of Woodlands Plantation, Cass County, Georgia, and Sao Paulo, Brazil, was the son of Godfrey Barnsley (1805-1873), a cotton exporter of Savannah and New Orleans, and Julia Scarborough Barnsley (1810-1845). He was educated at Oglethorpe University at Midway, Georgia, from 1854 through 1857. During the Civil War he served as a private in the 8th Georgia Regiment, and later as a hospital steward, medical student, and assistant surgeon. In 1866 he emigrated with his brother, Lucien, to Brazil as part of a group under the leadership of Frank McMullen. Except for the period 1890-1896, when he returned to the United States, he remained in Brazil, where he practiced medicine, for the rest of his life. He married Mary Lamira Emerson in 1869.
George Barnsley had five brothers and sisters who survived infancy. Anna Goodwin Barnsley (b. 1829) married Thomas Corse Gilmour of the Isle of Man, England, in New Orleans in 1850. Gilmour died in England in 1865. The Gilmours had two children, Murray Barnsley (b. 1850) and Julia Eliza (b. 1852). Harold Barnsley (1832-1862) was an adventurer who died in Shanghai in 1862. Adelaide Barnsley (1834-1858) married John Kelso Reid of Ireland in New Orleans in 1857, and had one child, Godfrey Forrest Reid (b. 1858). Julia Bernard Barnsley (b. 1836) married James Peter Baltzell (d. 1868) in 1864. The Baltzells had one child, Adelaide (1864-1942). In 1872 Julia Barnsley married a second time, to Charles H. Von Schwartz (d. 1885). Lucien Barnsley (1840-1892) married Martha H. Grady in Brazil in 1871.
George Barnsley had five children, Mary Adelaide Barnsley (b. 1870), who married Manoel Guedes in 1885, Julia Henrietta (1872-1875), Godfrey Emerson (b. 1874), George Scarborough (b. 1877), and Harold, who died as an infant.Back to Top
This collection consists chiefly of correspondence, scrapbooks, journals, and printed pamphlets of George S. Barnsley. Some correspondence of Barnsley's father, Godfrey, and his brother, Lucien, is also included. His sister, Julia, is a prominent correspondent. The bulk of the correspondence falls between 1846 and 1873, covering Barnsley's years as a boy at school and at Oglethorpe University, his experiences in the Civil War, and the early years of his life in Brazil. Scrapbooks and journals document events in the Civil War and in Brazil. Numerous printed pamphlets concerning Oglethorpe University are included.Back to Top
Chiefly letters to Godfrey Barnsley from Julia Scarborough Barnsley, his wife, and John Connolly, his overseer at his plantation, Woodlands, in Cass County, Georgia. Letters from John Connolly begin in 1843. He referred to the financial troubles of a neighbor, the affairs of William Henry Stiles, another neighbor, plans for an elaborate garden, and plans for building a cottage for himself. In 1844 both Julia S. Barnsley and John Connolly corresponded from Woodlands with Godfrey Barnsley who was in Savannah. Julia described her health, family news, the Stiles family, Bishop Stephen Elliott, and schools for the children. Connolly referred to his plans to marry and a wish for the ceremony to be performed by a Catholic priest. Julia died in 1845, but Connolly continued to write during this year about the plantation, gardening, farming, family news, and the building of a new plantation house.
Also included during this period are letters from Julia Barnsley's sister, Lucy Scarborough, and her mother, Julia Scarborough. Lucy wrote in 1838 from New York giving news of their acquaintances there and clothes. Mrs. Julia Scarborough wrote in 1845 from Woodlands where she was staying, to Julia Barnsley in Savannah, giving news of the family, the plantation, and the children's tutor. In March Mrs. Scarborough wrote to Godfrey about the death of Julia Barnsley. Later in the year she wrote to him again about personal finances and family news.
Chiefly letters from Godfrey Barnsley and his daughter Julia B. Barnsley to his sons George S. and Lucien Barnsley who were attending a school run by Charles W. Greene, in East Greenwich, Rhode Island. Julia, with her sister Adelaide, also attended school at Montpelier Institute, in Monroe County, Georgia. Julia's letters contain information about the family and school life.
During this period Godfrey Barnsley moved his business from Savannah to New Orleans. He was a British subject who never became an American citizen and who had connections with British merchants. His family remained at Woodlands and he usually spent the summers there. In 1850, Anna, his oldest daughter, married Thomas R. Gilmour, an English business associate of Barnsley's, and lived in New Orleans. Harold, his oldest son, went to sea and returned home ill.
Sometime in 1852 or 1853, first Adelaide, and then Julia, left school, spending their winters in New Orleans and their summers at Woodlands. In the spring of 1854 George and Lucien returned home and George entered Oglethorpe University at Midway, Georgia. He spent the years 1854 to 1857 at Oglethorpe. His father Godfrey and his sister Julia continued to write to him about family news and plantation business. Also included during this period are letters from former teachers Charles W. Greene and Henry W. Brown. A letter from Brown, dated 25 July 1854, mentions George's plan to teach reading to the people who were enslaved at Woodlands. F.W. Green, a school friend of George's and nephew of Charles W. Green, wrote from Brooklyn, New York. Both he and Mrs. Charles W. Green wrote about the death of Charles W. Green. Also included are scattered letters from George's cousins Fanny Sistare, from New York, and Alice Sistare, from a girl's school near Boston.
In 1857 Adelaide married Mr. John Kelso Reid, another English business associate, had a son, Forrest, and died. Included are letters to George about the illness of Lucien, who first had yellow fever and then typhoid, and several more letters from F.W. Greene including an account of a tour of Canada and watching a tight rope walker cross Niagara Falls.
Chiefly letters from Godfrey and Julia, who remained primarily at Woodlands, to George and Lucien, who served in the Confederate Army. George and Lucien also exchanged letters. Both began their service in Company A (Rome Light Guard), 8th Georgia Regiment. In 1861 there are letters from Godfrey regarding financial, political, and military matters at the beginning of the Civil War. In November and December of 1861, there are several letters from Lucien, who was at a camp near Centerville, Georgia, to George. Also included is a letter to George, dated 17 December 1861, from W.S. Smith, who was near Savannah serving with the Savannah Volunteer Guards, describing Fort Screven.
In 1862 Lucien wrote George of his plans to go into the office of Dr. Gaillard, Medical Director of the 2nd Corps, Army of the Potomac, and for George to take Lucien's place as clerk to Dr. Miller, brigade surgeon, and begin the study of medicine. In a letter dated 6 June 1862, Godfrey referred to Captain Ike Dankle of the Rome Home Artillery Company which was making guns. Letters from Woodlands contain references to neighbors, particularly the Stiles, and also to the Duncans in Marietta, and to the difficulties in getting clothing and sending supplies to the soldiers.
In 1863 in a letter dated 19 May, Godfrey wrote of the death of his oldest son, Harold, in Shanghai. He also referred to General Gustavus W. Smith, president of the Etowah Iron Works, who spoke bitterly of President Davis. In May and June of this year, Lucien wrote several letters to George from Oglethorpe Barracks in Savannah, where he was stationed. Also included are letters to George from George W. Sites, a hospital steward from Lynchburg, and from Harry C. Morris, a hospital steward from Richmond. Letters from Woodlands continue throughout the year.
In 1864 there are letters to George from Lucien in Greensboro, Georgia, and letters regarding plans for Julia's wedding to Captain J.P. Baltzelle. In May Godfrey wrote to George of his plans to send Julia and Forrest away before the arrival of the approaching U.S. Army, and later letters from Julia and others describe her experiences as a refugee and the experiences of Godfrey and Mary Quinn who remained. A letter dated 17 September 1864 from Jane Howard describes the experiences of her family when Sherman's army overtook the area.
There are a few letters from 1865. Godfrey wrote from Woodlands in March about the shortage of food. After the end of the war a letter dated 31 July 1865 from an unknown individual discusses George's plans to emigrate. Also included is a letter from S.S. Keeling, former fellow medical student and then a physician in Virginia, giving news of other students.
Chiefly letters received by George and Lucien Barnsley after they emigrated to Brazil in 1866. These are primarily from Godfrey Barnsley through 14 April 1873. The letters after Godfrey's death are scattered and disconnected.
In 1866 letters referring to George's efforts to sell a cotton press while still in Georgia, an accident with the press in which he suffered a broken leg, and his disappointment in the event in which he was associated with his former school friend, F.W. Greene, are included. Also included during this year are letters from Mrs. C.V. Berrien about Confederate emigration to Mexico, conditions in Georgia, and about spiritualism. Godfrey wrote of business conditions, George's and Lucien's plans to go to Brazil, spiritualism, and George's conversion to Swedenborgianism.
From 1867 through 1873 the letters are chiefly from Godfrey Barnsley in New Orleans to George and Lucien in Cuba and in Brazil about their affairs, business conditions in New Orleans, politics in Georgia and Louisiana, the plantation, the family, and people who had been enslaved. During this time George obtained a diploma as a physician in Brazil and was successful there, while Lucien operated a drug store. George married Mary Lemira Emerson, daughter of William Emerson, formerly of Mississippi, in 1869, and Lucien married Martha Grady, sister of Emerson's second wife, in 1871.
Letters from after 1873 include a few from Adelaide Barnsley, daughter of George, who married Manoel Guedes. Also included are letters to George from Lucien during the time in the 1890s when George was back in Georgia living at Woodlands. Also included are letters during the 1890s between George and Isaac W. Avery who was editing sketches of Georgians for the National Cyclopedia of American Biography. Avery corresponded with George about William Scarborough. (See the sketch prepared for Avery's use in Volume 5 of this collection). There are a few, scattered letters from the early 1900s between family members. Apparently George's family had moved back to Brazil. Also included is a letter in 1914 from George to Munsey's Magazine with a draft of an article that he sent to the magazine about his Civil War experiences.
Chiefly tax receipts for state and county taxes in Savannah, and taxes for Woodlands between 1837 and 1861. Also included are a mortgage, dated 1861, on land in Cass County, where George Barnsley was indebted to A.C. Trimble, and miscellaneous receipts.
Labeled "Relics of Our Struggle for Independence," this volume contains a plantation journal kept by George S. Barnsley when he was managing Woodlands for his father, January 1859 through 19 April 1861, with his official Civil War papers pasted in the back. The plantation journal contains brief records of daily events at Woodlands, where the labor force included people enslaved by the family, people enslaved by others and leased to Barnsley, and paid workers. The Civil War Papers, 1861-1865, are orders, passes, oaths of allegiance, etc. 138 pages.
A scrapbook prepared by George S. Barnsley entitled, "Manassas and the Early Confederacy," including newspaper clippings on Manassas, the 8th Georgia Regiment, and Civil War miscellany, dated 1860 through 1864. 80 pages.
A notebook that belonged to George Barnsley containing transcriptions made in 1903-1904 of miscellaneous materials dated 1866-1878. Included is a letter published in the newspapers of Havana, Cuba, in 1867, about the wreck of the ship carrying emigrants from the South to Brazil and thanking the Cubans for aid. Also included is a letter written from Cuba to the New Orleans Times about the wreck and the aid given by Cubans, Spanish officials, and the Portuguese consul. There is also a letter written in Houston, Texas, dated 6 November 1866, for publication in the newspaper of Rome, Georgia, about the state of Texas, its soil, climate, rainfall, and crops, and advising that Georgians not move there. Also included in Volume 3 is a diary, dated 11 September - 21 October 1878, of an attempt made by George Barnsley to re-open his previously abandoned gold mine in Brazil, and his travels on leaving the mine after failure to succeed in financing the operation. 86 pages.
Entitled "Notes on Brazil During the Years of 1867 to 1880," by George S. Barnsley. Beginning on page 1 is an account of the McMullen colony, which left Galveston, Texas, on 24 January 1866, suffered a shipwreck at Cuba, went to New York, and sailed again from there for Rio de Janeiro. Also included on page 30 is "Recollections of Sao Paulo", a geographical and social description of the area. 113 pages.
Civil War diary with autobiographical data and memoranda of George Scarborough Barnsley, whose home at the time of this diary was at Woodlands, near Cassville, Ga. There is a letter, 6 July 1915, identifying this diary as a copy from Barnsley to his son, Godfrey, for his 44th birthday. Barnsley supplemented the original diary with reminiscences added into this manuscript version.
Items in this book are separately paged and without continuous pagination. This book contains, in addition to the diary, copies of newspaper clippings dealing with the steamer Savannah and with Barnsley's ancestor, William Scarborough (pp 1-10 and 1-6); a letter from Godfrey Barnsley to his son, George S. Barnsley, 1864, about the poem "The Fancy Ball," a copy of this poem written by Henry B. Anthony during a visit to Savannah in 1837 about a ball given in honor of Godfrey Barnsley, and an explanation of the circumstances and details of his father's life (pages 1-14); a brief biography of Godfrey Barnsley and notes on the Barnsley coat-of-arms (pages 1-6); "Charade Rhymes for Tableaux, Richmond, Va., 1864" (pages 1-4); and anecdotes of experiences in Petersburg during the Civil War (pages 4-5).
The first section of the diary is entitled "A Brief Account from Memory of my Experiences from 1860 to the begining [sic] of my Diary" (pages 1-33). Barnsley describes enlisting with his brother Lucien in Company A of the 8th Georgia Regiment, training at Rome, Ga., moving to Winchester, Va., participating in the First Battle of Manassas, and going home on furlough. On pages 23-33, there are "Random Recollections" of Winchester and Manassas.
"A True Copy of My Diary from 1862 to 1865 Just as written and the same order" (pages 1-97) begins with eight pages of quotations and excerpts from poems before the diary entries begin.
The diary begins 26 February 1862 when Barnsley returned to Virginia after a convalescence at home to serve as a clerk with Dr. Miller in the Confederate Medical Service. He travelled to Wilmington, N.C., where he met Captain (Commander Robert B.) Pegram and Paymaster Richard Taylor of the Nashville, C.S.N. He continued on to the camp of the 8th Georgia Regiment at Manassas where he began work as secretary to Miller. There is a description of Manassas Junction (pages 10-11) and quotations from books in Miller's office before the diary resumes on 8 March with a description of a retreat from Manassas, the destruction of stores there, and his comical, worn-out horse. He marched with the soldiers through Warrenton to Culpepper Court House. They left there 16 March, crossed the Rapidan, and camped near Orange Court House. Barnsley was appointed as clerk in the office of Dr. Thomas H. Williams, one of the Medical Directors, on 4 April. He went on a strenuous march with no baggage in bitter weather from 6-9 April and, on 10 April, began work with Williams at Gordonsville. He moved to Lynchburg, 22 April, and then Richmond, 2 June, with Williams who served as Medical Director and Inspector of Hospitals at Staunton, Charlottesville, Lynchburg, Petersburg, etc.
From 27 June to 8 July, 1862, Barnsley was with the troops at the Seven Days battles. Hearing of the fighting, he obtained leave from Dr. Williams to rejoin the 8th Georgia Regiment temporarily but was not able to find them at the battlefield so he ended up serving as clerk for Drs. Johnson and Guild. He includes descriptions of the battlefields and scattered information on medical service through this period. Connected with this but written later (pages 51-52) are his impressions of the battle, of the soldiers, and of Generals Magruder and Huger.
There is a gap from July, when Barnsley returned to Danville, and 16 September when he moved to Lynchburg and summarized life in Danville. The entry from 28 December summarizes meeting Belle Boyd in Richmond, social life in Lynchburg, visiting Mr. Jellis, Launcelot Blackford, and the Blackford family, and joining a literary club.
In January 1863 Barnsley moved to Richmond where he comments on life there and Generals J. E. B. Stuart and A. P. Hill and Surgeon General R. W. Gibbs (p. 61). On 19 April Barnsley describes visiting Petersburg and Danville. There is an account, 10 May, of joining a company of volunteers from the city during a period of threatened attack and going on a scouting party under Colonel Beverly Johnson. He describes the wounded from Fredericksburg being brought to Richmond (p. 70). On 21 June, Barnsley relates a visit to Drury's Bluff and social life in Richmond. There is an account on 13 September of another brief call to arms followed by a furlough spent at home. Barnsley left on 15 September on a sixty-day furlough to join the Army of Tennessee hoping for a temporary volunteer staff position with General Goode Bryan, which he did not get. He therefore did not remain with the army but he did describe his visit to the army as well as another visit later to Bragg's headquarters at Missionary Ridge. The entry from 21 February 1864 tells of his return to Richmond where he got a position in a hospital and attended lectures at the Medical College. Prior to this he had been studying medicine at night for some time. He comments further on social life in Richmond and Generals Stuart, Buckner, Morgan, and President and Mrs. Davis (pages 78-80).
Barnsley went home for his sister's wedding that summer and was assigned to the Surgeon General's office upon his return to Richmond, 19 June 1864. He was on active duty against Sheridan's army in May and was called out again in June but became ill and returned to Richmond. There are reminiscences about Barnsley's home (pages 86-87) discussing persons whose identities are not clear. He was on duty at Drury's Bluff building breastworks on 21-29 June, and was back in Richmond by 9 October. He returned to medical school by 31 December 1864 and was on duty at Chimborazo Hospital.
By 13 March 1865, Barnsley had taken his M.D. examinations and the army examinations for assistant surgeon. He summarizes events in May 1866. He was assigned to Chimborazo Hospital as assistant surgeon and remained there until the occupation of Richmond when he was taken prisoner (pages 92-93 and memoranda pages 13-18). He was soon allowed to go home by way of Norfolk, New Bern, and Raleigh. The last section of the diary describes efforts to get food for the family at Woodlands and varied efforts to earn a living.
Additional information in this volume includes memoranda written from memory in June 1915 with random notes on his war experiences, events at Woodlands after the war, and how he became a physician (pages 1-32); "My Poetical Effusions, 1864 and 5" (pages 1-9); "Reverend William Curtis Emerson, a brief biography," letter by J. H. Alexander of Kosciusko, Miss., in January 1902 to Emerson's son, J. G. Emerson, telling of the life of Emerson in Alabama and Mississippi prior to his emigration to Brazil after the Civil War; and one letter from Barnsley to his son Godfrey, 26 March 1918, discussing the books of Doctors Nott and Gliddon, probably Types of Mankind and Indigenous Races of the Earth by Josiah C. Nott and George R. Gliddon.
"Original of Reply to a Circular Asking for Information of the Ex-Confederate Emigrants, April 1915," by George S. Barnsley. This volume contains the following: pages 1-39, notes on individual emigrants including George and Lucien; pages 40-43, ancestry and family history; pages 43-67, George's impressions of Brazil; pages 68-76, changes in the country since his arrival; pages 76-84, notes about his return to the United States, his wish to return to Brazil, and reasons why he remained in Brazil after his return; and pages 85-94, random notes.
Pamphlets chiefly from Oglethorpe University which George Barnsley attended from 1854 to 1857. Copies of the Oglethorpe University Magazine from January through July, 1855, are included as well as commencement programs, addresses, and catalogues of officers, alumni, and students at Oglethorpe. Also included are three miscellaneous pamphlets titled, "Catalogue of the Medical College of Virginia, 1867-68", "History, Confederate Veteran's Association, 1890", and "Recollections of the Confederate Government" Also included are newspaper clippings dated 1861-1864 about the Civil War.
|Extra Oversize Paper Folder XOPF-1521/1
Miscellaneous items, both dated and undated, belonging to the Barnsley family. Included is a four-page document containing what appears to be part of a report by C.W. Howard on efforts to procure in England copies of manuscript records pertaining to the early history of Georgia. The report includes copies of Howard's correspondence with officials in England and with descendants of Charles Wesley and others, written in 1838. Also included are verses honoring John Day of Savannah, dated 1840.
This subseries also contains numerous compositions written by George Barnsley, and a grade report for him, between the years 1854 and 1857 when he was at Oglethorpe University. Other items include an account of a court martial for charges of disobedience brought against Captain R.G. Earle ("copy of rough draft"), dated April 1863, and a comment, dated 27 January 1916, made by George Barnsley on the publication of Indigenous Races of the Earth, by Josiah C. Nott and George R. Gliddon, and the aid extended to them by Godfrey Barnsley.
The undated items include a list of wine in storage which belonged to Godfrey Barnsley, six pages of notes on birds' characteristics, a summary of the career of Godfrey Barnsley, "My Poetical Effusions" by George S. Barnsley, and a copy of a photostat of the Barnsley Family Register compiled in 1890 by George Barnsley.