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|Abstract||John Durant Ashmore (1819-1871) was a planter of Sumter and Anderson districts, S.C.; member of S.C. House of Representatives, 1848-1852; comptroller-general, 1853-1857; and Democratic congressman, 1859-1860. Plantation journal, 1853-1859, of John Durant Ashmore, relating to plantations in the Sumter and Anderson districts, S.C. Entries, made on a daily basis, consist of short remarks on the planting of cotton, corn, potatoes, peaches, and other crops. At times, individual laborers, presumably slaves, are named, but most entries describe groups of workers in terms of "hands." Interspersed among the Sumter entries are remedies, recipes, and reports of agricultural experiments that were carried out at the plantation. Also included are tallies of "pork killed and baconed" and household property sold in 1854 and 1858, lists of letters mailed, and inventories of books (1475 volumes) and household property.|
|Creator||Ashmore, John D. (John Durant), 1819-1871.|
|Curatorial Unit||University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Southern Historical Collection.|
Processed by: Roslyn Holdzkom, July 1990
Encoded by: ByteManagers Inc., 2008Back to Top
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John Durant Ashmore was born 18 August 1819 in the Greenville District of South Carolina. He attended common schools and studied law. Ashmore was admitted to the South Carolina bar, but never practiced, preferring to engage in political and agricultural pursuits.
From 1848 to 1852, Ashmore was a member of the South Carolina House of Representatives; from 1853 to 1857, he served as comptroller-general of the state. Elected as a Democrat to the Thirty-sixth Congress, he served from 4 March 1859 until his resignation on 21 December 1860. During the Civil War, Ashmore was elected colonel of the Fourth South Carolina Regiment, but resigned before the regiment was called into service. After the war, he engaged in mercantile pursuits in Greenville, later moving to Sardis, Mississippi, where he died on 5 December 1871.
During the period covered by the plantation journal, Ashmore lived first in the Sumter District and then in the Anderson District, South Carolina. On plantations in these districts, he raised cotton, corn, potatoes, peaches, and other crops.Back to Top
The collection consists of the plantation journal, 1853-1859, of John Durant Ashmore, 223 pages long, and a typed transcription of the same, 286 pages long and produced at the Southern Historical Collection in the 1940s at the donor's request.
Plantation journal, 223 pp., of John Durant Ashmore, with entries beginning in January 1853 and ending in December 1857 and other materials dating though 1859. The journal includes records for two plantations, one in the Sumter District and one in the Anderson District of South Carolina. The entries relating to these plantations consist of short remarks on the planting of cotton, corn, potatoes, peaches, and other crops at the plantations. The entries were made on a daily basis, with those relating to the Sumter plantation beginning 1 January 1853 and ending 5 January 1855 and those relating to the Anderson plantation beginning 1 January 1855, with "Family, self, & hands all on Road from Sumter Dist., S.C., to Anderson [District], S.C.," and ending 31 December 1857. At times, individual laborers, presumably slaves, are mentioned by name, but most entries describe groups of workers in terms of "hands." Interspersed among the Sumter entries are remedies, recipes, and reports of agricultural experiments that were carried out at the plantation. Also included are tallies of "pork killed and baconed" and household property sold in 1854 and 1858, lists of letters mailed, and inventories of books (1475 volumes) and household property owned.
The contents of the journal are as follows (gaps in page numbering reflect blank pages):
Inside cover: Printed calendars and other reference materials, 1856-1857 and undated
Page 1: Pork killed and baconed, 1853-1854; litter hauled (manure), 1854
Pages 2-71: Sumter District plantation journal, 1853-1855, with interspersed recipes, remedies, and reports of agricultural experiments
Pages 76-148: Anderson District plantation journal, 1855-1857
Page 151-155: "Sales of Property of J. D. Ashmore, Saturday, 23 December 1854," including name of the purchaser and item bought
Page 158-180: Letters mailed at Anderson, 1855-19 October 1857
Page 181-189: "Schedule of Books Owned by J. D. Ashmore and family in May 1856"
Page 190-208: Letters mailed at Anderson, 20 October 1857-1858
Page 210-213: "Sales of Property of J. D. Ashmore at Guyton Plantation, Thursday, 23 December 1858"
Page 214: Printed calendar, 1859
Page 215-222: Letters mailed at Anderson, 1859
Page 223" Inventory of household property, undatedBack to Top