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Collection Number: 03419

Collection Title: Arnold and Screven Family Papers, 1762-1903.

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the Duplication Policy section for more information.


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Size 5.5 feet of linear shelf space (approximately 2400 items)
Abstract Arnold family of Providence, R.I., and Bryan County, Ga., and Screven family of Savannah, Ga., as well as people enslaved by them at the familys' rice and other plantations. The Arnold plantations included White Hall, Cherry Hill, Silk Hope, Mulberry Hill, Sedgefield, and Orange Grove in Georgia. The Screven plantations included Nonchalance, Ceylon, and Brewton Hall, in Georgia; Proctor and Ferry in South Carolina; they also owned land on Tybee Island. Various members of the white families were also involved in medicine, law, railroad development, and politics. The collection includes business correspondence, financial and legal materials, and a farm journal of Richard James Arnold; and family and business correspondence, financial and legal materials, writings, farm journals, genealogical information, and other materials of members of the Screven and related families. Documentation about enslaved people, including names and birth and death information in some cases, as well as labor assignments and health conditions on plantations, is found in correspondence, estate disputes, medical receipts, deeds, and other papers in both subgroups.
Creator Arnold (Family : Providence, R.I.)

Screven (Family : Savannah, Ga.)
Curatorial Unit University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Southern Historical Collection.
Language English
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Restrictions to Access
No restrictions. Open for research.
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the Arnold and Screven Family Papers #3419, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Alternate Form of Material
All or part of this collection is available on microfilm from University Publications of America as part of the Records of ante-bellum southern plantations from the Revolution through the Civil War, Series J.
Acquisitions Information
Received from Arthur C. Nash (husband of Mary Screven Arnold Nash) of Washington, D.C., in March 1959. Additional papers received from Mrs. Edward E. Caldwell (daughter of Mary Screven Arnold Nash and Arthur C. Nash) of Baltimore, Maryland, in June 1963.
Sensitive Materials Statement
Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, the North Carolina Public Records Act (N.C.G.S. § 132 1 et seq.), and Article 7 of the North Carolina State Personnel Act (Privacy of State Employee Personnel Records, N.C.G.S. § 126-22 et seq.). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill assumes no responsibility.
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Processed by: Lisa C. Tolbert, May 1990

Encoded by: ByteManagers Inc., 2008

Updated by: Nancy Kaiser, January 2022

Conscious editing work by: Nancy Kaiser, January 2022. Updated abstract, subject headings, biographical note, scope and content note, and container list.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subject Headings

The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.

Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Biographical Information

Arnold Family

Richard James Arnold (1796-1873) of Rhode Island married Louisa Caroline Gindrat of South Carolina and Georgia in 1824. They alternated residence between Arnold's home in Providence, Rhode Island, and White Hall plantation in Bryan County, Georgia, which Louisa had inherited from her maternal great-grandfather, Captain James McKay. Arnold spent much of his time in the South accumulating land, and when the Civil War started he owned several plantations in Georgia and South Carolina, including Cherry Hill, Silk Hope, Mulberry Hill, and Sedgefield in Georgia. During the war, Richard James Arnold apparently returned to Providence while his sons remained in Georgia to manage the plantations.

The Arnolds had nine children. Seven lived to adulthood, including Thomas Clay Arnold, who married Elizabeth Woodbridge Screven in 1870. Prior to this marriage, the Arnold and Screven families had mutual business interests in the Savannah, Albany & Gulf Railway (later the Atlantic & Gulf Railway), a segment of which was constructed through Arnold land. For a more complete biography of Richard James Arnold, see Charles Hoffman, North by South: The Two Lives of Richard James Arnold (Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1988).

Screven Family

Three generations of the Screven family were politically prominent residents of Savannah, Georgia, and rice planters in the marshy lands surrounding the city: Major John Screven, his son James Proctor Screven, and his grandson John Screven. Although each generation was nurtured by productive and feisty women, three men in particular emerge as focal points of documentation of the family's history. John Screven (d. 1830) was the son of Elizabeth Pendarvis Bryan (widow of Josiah Bryan) and John Screven. He married Hannah Proctor and they had three children who lived to adulthood, including a son, James Proctor Screven (1799-1859). When Hannah died, John married her sister Sarah Proctor; most of their children did not survive infancy. Sarah and her widowed sister Martha Proctor Richardson together ran the Screven household in Savannah.

James Proctor Screven attended Jefferson Medical College in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, graduating in 1820. He continued his studies for several months in Europe, but had returned permanently to Savannah by 1823. His marriage to his cousin Hannah Georgia Bryan in 1826 reunited the Screven and Bryan clans. During the early years of their marriage, James Proctor and Georgia lived in Savannah, where he entered into a medical partnership with Dr. William C. Daniell in 1828. Early in the 1830s James Proctor gave up his medical practice and moved his wife and their two children, John (b. 1827) and Ada (b. 1831) to the Bryan estate, Nonchalance, on Wilmington Island near Savannah. There the Screvens grew rice, had two more children, Thomas Forman (b. 1834) and George Proctor (b. 1839), and began to enlarge the family's landholdings. In the 1840s James Proctor bought Ceylon and Brewton Hill plantations on the Georgia mainland, and by 1859 the Screven family also owned Ferry and Proctor plantations in South Carolina, as well as land on Tybee Island. In 1849, Screven's interests took yet another turn when he was elected an alderman of Savannah and the family returned to the city. In this same year, John Screven married Mary White Footman.

The 1850s were a decade of political and commercial successes for James Proctor Screven and his son John. James Proctor was elected on the Democratic ticket to the Georgia Senate, where he used his influence to inaugurate the Savannah, Albany & Gulf Railway in a scheme to connect the Atlantic seaboard at Savannah with the Gulf of Mexico at Mobile. James Proctor Screven was the president of this company until his death in 1859. Screven was also very active in Savannah commerce and politics as an investor in the new Savannah Hotel Company, superintendent of Savannah Water Works (1855), commander of the Savannah Volunteer Guard, and mayor of Savannah (elected in 1856). John Screven, a lawyer, assisted his father in many of his business ventures and managed the family's plantations.

John Screven followed in his father's footsteps as president of the railroad, commander of the Savannah Volunteer Guard during the Civil War, and mayor of Savannah during Reconstruction. His wife died during the war (circa 1863), leaving him with several young children. John married Mary Eleanor Nesbitt Brown shortly after the war and they had two daughters before her death in 1883. Screven's daughter Elizabeth ("Bessie") Woodbridge (b. 1852) was married to Thomas Clay Arnold from 1870 until his death in 1875. Screven's Arnold family grandchildren seem to have lived much of their lives away from Savannah.

For more detailed biographical information about the Screven and related families, see Series 1.1 which has been organized and described according to significant events in family history.

People enslaved at Arnold and Screven plantations

Individuals identified on an 1805 indenture related to the marriage of Joseph Bryan and Delia Forman include Hannibal, Doctor, Alexander, Cicero, Pompey, Francois, Helen, Betty, Nancy, Jenny, Martisette, Sylvia (commonly called Bahama Sylvia), Sue and her son Abraham, Jacob, Charlotte his wife, and their children Charles, Jacob, Sampson, Sam, Andrew, George, Peter and Fanny.

Individuals identified in the 1841 will of John Scriven include Cretia, Sarah, Hetty, Clarin, Peter, Flora, Jim, Dye, Tom, Juba, Stephen, Juno, Tyra, Maria, Caty, Pompey, Pender, Primus, Caffee, Moses, Sylvia, Bella, Molsy, Selina, Charlotte, Patience, Penny, William, and Isaac.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Scope and Content

This collection is composed of two distinct subgroups. Items in the first subgroup deal almost exclusively with the plantations of Richard James Arnold and contain little information about personal or family matters. In contrast, materials in the second and larger subgroup document both family and business concerns of three generations of the Screven family. Nevertheless Major John Screven, and his father John, remain shadowy figures at best; his son James Proctor Screven and grandson John Screven are the principal creators of these papers. Correspondence and financial and legal papers in subgroup 2 have been arranged chronologically with series and subseries determined by dates of events significant enough to signal a change in the cast of characters and/or subjects treated.

Documentation about enslaved people, including names and birth and death information in some cases, as well as labor assignments and health conditions on plantations, is found in correspondence, estate disputes, medical receipts, deeds, and other papers in both subgroups.

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Contents list

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series Quick Links

expand/collapse Expand/collapse 1. Richard James Arnold Papers.

Correspondence, financial and legal papers, and a farm journal document Arnold's acquisition and development of several plantations, located primarily in Bryan County, Georgia.

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 1.1 Correspondence, 1832-1861.

About 110 items

Arrangement: chronological.

The lives of enslaved people are documented in letters from Richard James Arnold to the overseers at his plantations, including White Hall, Cherry Hill, Silk Hope, Mulberry Hill, and Sedgefield in Bryan County, Ga. Labor assignments for the enslaved people working in the fields and in the households, as well as health conditions on the plantations, are described in Arnold's letters. Other topics include crop maintenance and building construction. Letters show that Arnold lived at White Hall, usually during spring and autumn months and in Providence, Rhode Island, at other times. Chief correspondents include Samuel A. Wales and Richard W. Habersham of Clarksville, Georgia, in Habersham County, both of whom acted as business agents in Arnold's land dealings.

From 1832 to 1839 letters document Arnold's activities regarding his two major plantations, White Hall and Cherry Hill. From 1840 to 1844, letters show Arnold acquired additional land in Georgia, including Silk Hope plantation. During this period he also investigated several technological improvements for his farming operation, such as a steam engine and equipment for an "eleven pestal" rice mill, which he ordered from companies in Providence. Two letters from L. Allen in December 1843 about the installation and operation of the steam engine provide the only glimpse of Arnold's Rhode Island community. Allen offered news from Providence, ruminated about the tariff, and complained about the demand for good machinists in Providence. From 1845 to 1853, Arnold acquired additional land, including Mulberry Hill and Sedgefield plantations; and became entangled in land disputes with George McAllister and William Way. There are no letters from 1854 to 1860, and none document Arnold family experiences in the Civil War. A few letters in 1861 represent the first contact between the Arnold and Screven families. Richard James Arnold and John Screven corresponded about problems in the construction of the Atlantic & Gulf (or Savannah, Albany, and Gulf) Railroad through Arnold's property. Letters from 1866 to 1868 continue to document Arnold family involvement in the Atlantic & Gulf Railway, and show Thomas Clay Arnold's responsibility for a variety of business matters.

Folder 1

Correspondence, 1832; 1834

Folder 2

Correspondence, 1835; 1837

Folder 3

Correspondence, 1838-1839

Folder 4

Correspondence, 1840-1841

Folder 5

Correspondence, 1842-1843

Folder 6

Correspondence, 1844

Folder 7

Correspondence, 1845

Folder 8

Correspondence, 1846-1849

Folder 9

Correspondence, 1850-1851

Folder 10

Correspondence, 1852-1853

Folder 11

Correspondence, 1861; 1866-1868

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 1.2 Financial and Legal Papers, 1811-1869.

About 100 items

Arrangement: chronological.

The lives of enslaved people are documented in the contracts of overseers and lists of enslaved people, which often included the ages of individuals, food allowances, and whether they worked in fields or in the house. Cash accounts for 1867 document the amount of wages and provisions paid to contract laborers, who likely were formerly enslaved by Arnold family members.

Other legal documents relating to Richard James Arnold's plantations in Georgia include indentures, deeds, bills of sale, and mortgages, and Arnold's own memoranda that together provide ownership histories for his many land holdings. Depositions and other papers document Arnold's property disputes, especially his disagreement with William Way over the boundary between Sedgefield and Silk Hope (1850-1853).

Documents show that in addition to White Hall and Cherry Hill, Arnold acquired the plantations Silk Hope in 1840, Sedgefield in 1848, Mulberry Hill in 1849, and Orange Grove in 1857, along with various other tracts of land before the Civil War. In 1861, he deeded all of these holdings to his son Thomas Clay Arnold (7 May 1861).

Also of note in this series are documents related to Richard James Arnold's position as trustee of the Neck River Church in Bryan County, Georgia (1838 and 1853); a proposal for a steam engine (1843); Thomas Clay Arnold's Federal pardon (1865); a deed for land sold in Providence, Rhode Island (1868); and a copy of Richard James Arnold's tax return (1869).

Although Arnold's major cash crop was rice, few crop lists show the variety of agricultural products or amount of income his plantations generated. Furthermore, there are no personal accounts documenting family or household expenses, and none showing direct participation in the Civil War.

Folder 12

Financial and legal papers, 1811; 1819-1829

Folder 13

Financial and legal papers, 1832-1839

Folder 14

Financial and legal papers, 1840-1845

Folder 15

Financial and legal papers, 1846-1849

Folder 16

Financial and legal papers, 1850-1851

Folder 17

Financial and legal papers, 1852

Folder 18

Financial and legal papers, 1853

Folder 19

Financial and legal papers, 1857

Folder 20

Financial and legal papers, 1861-1865

Folder 21

Financial and legal papers, 1866-1869

Folder 22

Financial and legal papers, undated

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 1.3 Other Materials, 1847-1903.

3 items.

Genealogical information, and a farm journal documenting Richard J. Arnold's management of his plantations while in Georgia. Entries follow a pattern revealing Arnold's residence in Georgia from January through April and October through December of the three years covered in the volume. Arnold commented particularly on farming activities at Cherry Hill, but also mentioned White Hall, Sedgefield, and Mulberry Hill. In addition, he recorded occasional family movements.

Folder 23

Journal, 1847-1849, 104 pages

Folder 24

Biographical sketch and genealogy

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse 2. Screven Family Papers.

Family and business correspondence, financial and legal papers, writings, journals, school reports, genealogical information, pictures, and other materials of the Screven and related families.

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 2.1 Correspondence, 1785-1901.

About 1400 items

Arrangement: chronological.

Business and family correspondence of the Screven and related families. Subseries divisions are based on dates of events significant enough to signal a change in the cast of characters and/or the subjects treated during a specific time span. This series also includes several letterpress copybooks (Subseries 2.1.9) of John Screven's outgoing correspondence. Undated correspondence (Subseries 2.1.10) is arranged by family.

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 2.1.1 Correspondence, 1785-1808.

About 40 items

Chiefly letters to Joseph Bryan (1773-1812), whose plantation on Wilmington Island, near Savannah, Georgia, was named Nonchalance. Frequent correspondents include his London factors, Simpson & Davison, who referred often to the market for Sea Island cotton; Robert Gregorie, Charleston merchant and friend who provided current Charleston gossip; and Obadiah Jones, an anti-federalist whose letters contain many observations about backcountry politics and the response to Bryan's candidacy for Congress. Bryan served as United States representative from 1803 to 1806. Also of note for this period are a few letters from Caesar A. Rodney, political colleague and friend who named his son for Bryan. Rodney wrote about his own congressional campaign and Bryan's prospects in his impending marriage to Delia Forman in 1805.

Because most letters for this period are from Bryan's business and political associates, this subseries offers only a limited view of the familial ties between the Bryans and the Screvens. Much of this information is contained in a few letters from John Screven, who wrote to William Bryan about his children's education and the Bryan estate.

Folder 25

Correspondence, 1785-1800

Folder 26

Correspondence, 1801-1802

Folder 27

Correspondence, 1803-1804

Folder 28

Correspondence, 1805-1808

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 2.1.2 Correspondence, 1811-1822.

About 70 items

Chiefly letters to James Proctor Screven from his aunt Martha Proctor Richardson and his stepmother Sarah Proctor Screven. During this period James Proctor Screven was away from Savannah, first at medical school in Philadelphia and later in Europe, continuing his medical studies and touring the continent. These letters reveal little of James Proctor's activities, but are rich in details of Savannah and Screven family news.

Martha Proctor Richardson was a widow living in Savannah with her sister Sarah Proctor Screven, second wife of Major John Screven. Martha wrote her nephew especially long letters containing information about a family dispute over her husband, George Richardson's estate; vivid details of urban social life, including a description of a theater curtain painted by Benjamin West and her opinion of a recent duel in town (19 December 1818); an account of a devastating fire in Savannah (18 January 1820); and many other subjects.

In April 1820 several letters of introduction to various European physicians signal James Proctor Screven's preparations to travel abroad. During 1821 and 1822, Screven visited Liverpool, London, Paris, Rome, and elsewhere in France and Italy. A rare letter from James Proctor (8 September 1822) reveals his plans to return to Savannah. Letters from Martha Richardson and Sarah Screven follow him throughout his European expedition. There are no letters to him from his father, Major John Screven.

Also during this period a few letters mark the beginning of an extended correspondence between Georgia Bryan at Nonchalance on Wilmington Island, Georgia, and her grandfather, Thomas Marsh Forman, at his Rose Hill plantation in Maryland. Several letters exchanged between Delia Forman Bryan (Georgia Bryan's mother) and Sarah Proctor Screven document the continuing relationship between Bryan and Screven families.

Folder 29

Correspondence, 1811; 1817

Folder 30

Correspondence, 1818

Folder 31

Correspondence, 1819

Folder 32

Correspondence, 1820

Folder 33

Correspondence, 1821

Folder 34

Correspondence, 1822 January-August

Folder 35

Correspondence, 1822 September-December

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 2.1.3 Correspondence, 1823-1831.

About 60 items

Primarily Bryan family correspondence, especially correspondence of Georgia Bryan, and some Screven family correspondence. With James Proctor Screven at home in Savannah, Bryan family correspondence supersedes Screven family correspondence for this period. Georgia Bryan, attending school at D. Greland's in Philadelphia, wrote her grandfather Thomas Marsh Forman and her mother Delia Forman Bryan about her problems and her progress. Delia Forman Bryan, a widow managing Nonchalance and her sons' education, wrote her daughter of the difficulties she encountered. After her death (circa 1826), Major John Screven and Thomas Marsh Forman communicated about the Bryan estate and the education of Jonathan Randolph Bryan and Joseph Bryan. Georgia Bryan went to live with the Screvens in Savannah.

Correspondence for this period indicates an interval of adjustment for James Proctor Screven, who had returned to Savannah to practice medicine by 1823. He received several letters written in French (1823-1825) from Adele and Adrienne Dobry in Paris, whom he had met during his European tour. But by November 1826, Screven was engaged to his cousin Georgia Bryan. They were married in December 1826 and had their first child, John, in 1827; and their second, Ada, by 1831. No correspondence documents the relationship between Georgia and James Proctor Screven. Although he served as the health officer of Savannah in 1825 and entered into partnership with Dr. William C. Daniell in 1828, details of Screven's medical practice are rare, and in December 1831, Georgia wrote her grandfather from Nonchalance that her husband had given up medicine and moved to the farm.

Folder 36

Correspondence, 1823 January-May

Folder 37

Correspondence, 1823 June-December

Folder 38

Correspondence, 1824

Folder 39

Correspondence, 1825-1826

Folder 40

Correspondence, 1827-1828

Folder 41

Correspondence, 1829-1831

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 2.1.4 Correspondence, 1832-1849.

About 170 items

Chiefly correspondence of James Proctor Screven and other Screven family members, and a small amount of Bryan family correspondence. James Proctor Screven's agricultural pursuits and political activities, the education of his son, John Screven, and family legal disputes and estate matters comprise the chief topics of correspondence for this period. Probably because James Proctor Screven spent most of his time at Nonchalance, there are few letters here from him to other family members; his activities are primarily revealed through the letters he received from relatives and business associates. These letters show that Dr. Screven was an unsuccessful states' rights candidate for Senate in 1834, and that he enlarged his land holdings in 1847 by buying Proctor plantation in South Carolina, through the legal services of Petigru and Lesesne of Charleston.

Considerable correspondence for this period deals with James Proctor Screven's involvement in the legal and financial difficulties of his brother-in-law, Samuel M. Bond. In 1833, Screven's sister Emily died in childbirth; thereafter, Samuel M. Bond often wrote James Proctor Screven of the family's repeated crop failures and their worsening financial situation. Matters were complicated by a dispute between Martha Richardson and her niece, Emily Bond, involving the lives of sixty enslaved people. James Proctor appears to have served as arbiter in these family disputes and benefactor of his sister's surviving children.

Correspondence between Georgia Bryan Screven and her grandfather, Thomas Marsh Forman ends during this period. Their last letters here document the trip Georgia and her children took in 1833 to visit the children's great-grandparents at Rose Hill in Maryland. No letters document the relationship between Georgia and James Proctor Screven. Georgia had two more children during this period, Thomas Forman Screven (b. 1834) and George Proctor (b. 1839).

In 1839, John Screven was sent to John S. Hart's Edgehill School in Princeton, New Jersey. Many letters for this period revolve around John's education, including several from John Screven to his parents; letters to him from his mother, Georgia, and sister, Ada; and periodic reports to James Proctor Screven from John S. Hart. In 1848, letters of introduction signal John's plans to travel to Europe, where he studied law and modern languages in London, Heidelberg, and elsewhere. Most of the letters from James Proctor Screven that survive for this period were written from Brewton Hill to his son in Europe. John had returned to Savannah by 1849, when he married Mary White Footman.

Also of interest for this period are several letters (1842-1843) from Francis Markoe to James Proctor about fossils, geological research, American science, and Screven's membership in the National Institution for the Promotion of Science. Limited Bryan family letters include several written by J. Bryan, Navy purser on the USS Potomac in Pensacola Bay, about trouble with his captain and requests for transfer (1846); and a few 1849 letters to John Screven from John Randolph Bryan discussing, among other things, Northern attitudes toward slavery.

Folder 42

Correspondence, 1832-1833

Folder 43

Correspondence, 1834-1835

Folder 44

Correspondence, 1839

Folder 45

Correspondence, 1840 January-April

Folder 46

Correspondence, 1840 May-December

Folder 47

Correspondence, 1841 January-May

Folder 48

Correspondence, 1841 June-December

Folder 49

Correspondence, 1842

Folder 50

Correspondence, 1843 January-April

Folder 51

Correspondence, 1843 May-December

Folder 52

Correspondence, 1844-1845

Folder 53

Correspondence, 1846-1847

Folder 54

Correspondence, 1848 February

Folder 55

Correspondence, 1848 March

Folder 56

Correspondence, 1848 April-May

Folder 57

Correspondence, 1848 June-July

Folder 58

Correspondence, 1849

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 2.1.5 Correspondence, 1850-1860.

About 130 items

Family and business correspondence, chiefly of John Screven, and some correspondence of James Proctor Screven. James Proctor Screven returned to live in Savannah and John Screven became his father's partner, diversifying the family's business interests during this period. Because of the extensive travel required of John and James Proctor by this expansion, this subseries contains the most substantial husband-wife exchange and plantation-related correspondence in the entire collection. Although James Proctor Screven became heavily involved in state and local politics as alderman of Savannah (elected 1849), state senator (1855), and mayor of Savannah (elected 1856), surviving letters provide only a limited view of these political activities. Instead, John Screven becomes the major correspondent in this subseries. (For an informative exception to this general pattern, see letter of 15 October 1856 for discussion of James Proctor's mayoral campaign, including activities of the Know-Nothing Party in Savannah.)

John Screven's business trips, especially in 1851 and 1859, provided the occasion for long, diary-like letters to his wife, Mary Footman Screven. In addition to accounts of his activities, Screven wrote detailed descriptions of the places he visited, including Richmond and Charlottesville, Virginia; Knoxville and Chattanooga, Tennessee; and several resort springs in Virginia, Tennessee, and Georgia.

In 1853, letters show that James Proctor and John Screven helped form the Savannah Hotel Company. Scattered correspondence throughout the decade documents political arrangements, construction plans, and business relationships necessary to build and operate the hotel. James Proctor Screven was president of the hotel company.

The most important business development during this period, however, was the creation of the Savannah, Albany & Gulf Railroad Company. As president, James Proctor hoped to build a railway network linking the South Atlantic seaboard at Savannah, Georgia with the Gulf of Mexico at Mobile, Alabama. This venture took him back to Europe in 1855 with his son, Thomas Forman Screven. James Proctor wrote John (13 July 1855) that their activities in Europe included "business, sightseeing, racing and excursions to which I may add dining out.."

In spite of these increasingly demanding business and political concerns, the family's fortunes continued to depend heavily on their plantations; and during this period the Screvens expanded their land holdings by purchasing part of Tybee Island, Georgia. James Proctor's extended absences from his plantations, often with his son Thomas Forman, left John Screven to manage the family's farming interests. John wrote many long letters to his father describing his agricultural activities and seeking advice about rice culture and plantation maintenance. This correspondence continues through 1859 when James Proctor, seriously ill at the Virginia Springs, dictated his last letters in this collection to Thomas Forman. During this time, John Screven took over his father's responsibilities as acting president of the Savannah, Albany & Gulf Railroad, and kept him informed with detailed letters about personal inspections of the line and the financial condition of the business. Thomas Forman informed John of James Proctor's death at the Virginia resort on 16 July 1859. Screven was not buried in Savannah until several months later.

Also of interest during this period are a series of letters (1856-1858) to James Proctor by and about an Irish immigrant who married James Proctor's ward, Elizabeth Richardson. William Gabbett, a civil engineer, left Ireland around 1857 and settled in Atlanta. Letters document his financial prospects.

Folder 59

Correspondence, 1850

Folder 60

Correspondence, 1851 January-July

Folder 61

Correspondence, 1851 August-September

Folder 62

Correspondence, 1852

Folder 63

Correspondence, 1853

Folder 64

Correspondence, 1854

Folder 65

Correspondence, 1855 June

Folder 66

Correspondence, 1855 July-December

Folder 67

Correspondence, 1856

Folder 68

Correspondence, 1857-1858

Folder 69

Correspondence, 1859 April-June

Folder 70

Correspondence, 1859 July

Folder 71

Correspondence, 1859 August-December

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 2.1.6 Correspondence, 1861-1865.

About 100 items

Chiefly Civil War correspondence of John Screven and the Woodbridge brothers, Robert W. and Henry H. ("Harry"), nephews of Mary Footman Screven. When the Civil War started, John Screven was captain of the Volunteer Guard in Savannah; he was soon promoted to major of Artillery (see also subseries 2.3.1). In 1861 his letters to Mary Footman Screven indicate that he was stationed at Green Island, Georgia. John's Civil War letters are informative. He wrote his wife about a variety of subjects including aid to indigent families of volunteers, defense preparations at Fort Screven, a description of General Lee and his inspection of the fort (21 November 1861); and his increasingly futile efforts to maintain the railroad in addition to his military duties. His continuing inspections of the railroad took him to a variety of places in Georgia during the war. In September 1862, John moved all of the people enslaved by the family from Ferry and Proctor plantations to Brewton Hill to stop the enslaved people from self-emancipating to behind Union lines. In 1863, pleading that his civilian role maintaining the railroad was more useful to the Confederacy than his office as major of artillery in the Savannah Volunteer Guard, John Screven was released from his military obligations.

Robert W. and Henry H. Woodbridge wrote letters from the front lines in the Sea Islands of Georgia and South Carolina. Some of these letters include detailed maps of battle positions; descriptions of skirmishes and evacuations; complaints of the expense of quartering in Charleston; and an eyewitness account (29 August 1863) of the sinking of a submarine-like "torpedo boat" drawn by the letter writer. By 1864, Henry was writing from the trenches at Chaffins Farm in Virginia about Confederate deserters, Black troops, conversing with Yankee soldiers, and trading tobacco across enemy lines for everything from newspapers and paper collars to whiskey.

Mary Footman Screven spent much of the war with her children, Georgia, Elizabeth Woodbridge ("Bessie"), and James Proctor, in Athens, Georgia, at the home of George Proctor Screven, her brother-in-law. There the children attended school and corresponded with John Screven about their education. Around 1863 Mary apparently left the children in Athens to return to Savannah, and they exchanged many letters before her death that same year.

Also of note for this period are a letter (19 June 1863) from a woman in Athens, Georgia describing war conditions in town including the use of homespun and shoes made from carpet for enslaved people; and a letter to Georgia Screven (May 1865) from E. Lamb in England declaring sympathy for the South from "almost all classes" in Great Britain.

John, Thomas Forman, and George Proctor Screven received Federal pardons in 1865. Several letters document John's attempts to secure this status for himself and his brothers.

Folder 72

Correspondence, 1860-1861

Folder 73

Correspondence, 1862

Folder 74

Correspondence, 1863 January-May

Folder 75

Correspondence, 1863 June-December

Folder 76

Correspondence, circa 1863

Folder 77

Correspondence, circa 1863

Folder 78

Correspondence, 1864

Folder 79

Correspondence, 1865

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 2.1.7 Correspondence, 1866-1883.

About 225 items

Primarily political and business correspondence of John Screven, and some family correspondence. Reconstruction politics and postwar business concerns are the major topics of correspondence in this subseries. Serving several terms as mayor of Savannah during the 1870s, John Screven's correspondence with other Southern mayors and Georgia politicians document state and local political adjustments in the aftermath of war. Many letters reveal the financial difficulties of the Atlantic & Gulf Railway (so named after the reorganization of the Savannah, Albany & Gulf Railway) which Screven served as president. Letters show some controversy among a group of stockholders who argued unsuccessfully that Screven should give up the mayor's office to devote full time to the struggling railroad. In 1880 financial considerations forced yet another reorganization of the railroad, then renamed the Savannah, Florida, & Western Railway. John Screven resigned active management of the company, but letters show he continued to take an interest in railroad business.

Thomas Clay Arnold married John's daughter Elizabeth (Bessie) Woodbridge Screven in 1870. Scattered letters to Arnold (1871-1873) discuss farm management at Cherry Hill and business and family news from Providence, Rhode Island. Thomas died in 1875, and John wrote a long letter to Bessie (January 1876) advising her about the Arnold estate and explaining why a woman should not run a rice plantation alone.

During this period, John Screven himself married Mary Eleanor Nesbitt Browne. There is much correspondence regarding an estate dispute in which his mother-in-law, Mrs. Martha Nesbitt Duncan, sought John's legal advice. She disagreed with her stepson Duncan about the disposition of the estate of her husband, William Duncan, (see subseries 2.2.4). Screven was also drawn into an estate dispute involving relatives of his first wife, the Woodbridges.

Scattered letters appear throughout this period from Screven children away at school, including James Proctor (who died in 1875); and Thomas, who attended Virginia Military Institute. John Screven's second wife died 30 June 1883.

Of special interest during this period are several 1877 letters to John about "dry culture" in Savannah, including a copy of a long letter from him relating the history of dry culture experiments in the area from 1854 to 1876; and a letter (14 October 1880) from an aging John Randolph Bryan in Fredericksburg, Virginia containing a lengthy Bryan family update. See also Subseries 2.1.9, Letterpress Copybooks.

Folder 80

Correspondence, 1866-1869

Folder 81

Correspondence, 1870 January-June

Folder 82

Correspondence, 1870 July-December

Folder 83

Correspondence, 1871

Folder 84

Correspondence, 1872

Folder 85

Correspondence, 1873

Folder 86

Correspondence, 1874-1875

Folder 87

Correspondence, 1876 January-June

Folder 88

Correspondence, 1876 July-December

Folder 89

Correspondence, 1877-1878

Folder 90

Correspondence, 1879 January-June

Folder 91

Correspondence, 1879 July-December

Folder 92

Correspondence, 1880

Folder 93

Correspondence, 1881

Folder 94

Correspondence, 1882-1883

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 2.1.8 Correspondence, 1884-1900.

About 500 items

Chiefly letters of Bessie Woodbridge Arnold and her two daughters, Louise and Mary S. Arnold ("Mamie"). Early in this period Louise wrote her mother and grandfather, John Screven, from St. Timothy's School in Catonsville, Maryland (later attended as well by Mary S. Arnold). Many letters appear in 1887 from Louise in Europe with Mrs. Samuel Green Arnold and other relatives. She visited Heidelberg, Frankfort, Berlin, Dresden, Munich, and Nuremberg, in Germany and Venice, Ravenna, and Florence in Italy, writing long letters to her family about her experiences in these and other European cities. In 1888, there is an extended correspondence between Mary S. Arnold and her mother, Bessie. By 1895 Louise Arnold was married to Frederick W. Jackson, and Bessie was living with them in Cleveland, Ohio.

Although occasional correspondence to John Screven continues to mention the political, estate, and railroad matters common to previous subseries, this period particularly documents Screven's interest in family and local history. Many letters (1888-1891) reflect his research of the Bryan family for a genealogy he was writing (see Subseries 2.3.3). Also during this period, Screven was elected president of both the Sons of the Revolution (Georgia chapter?) and the Georgia Historical Society.

His occasional references to farming conditions at Proctor's plantation in family correspondence indicate that John Screven was in semi-retirement from public life in Savannah (see subseries 2.2.4). Nevertheless, he never entirely abandoned his political interests. Scattered letters indicate his continuing interest in the rice tariff; his participation in a Savannah convention dedicated to improvement of South Atlantic harbors (1886); and his desire to be appointed a member of the Interstate Commerce Commission (1886). Toward the end of his life, letters show a return to a more active business and public life when Screven was appointed receiver of the City & Suburban Railway of Savannah in 1895 and oil inspector of Savannah from 1897 to 1899.

John Screven died in 1900.

Other family letters from this period include scattered correspondence from John Screven's children, as well as letters from their various spouses (Samuel C. Atkinson, husband of Lila Screven, and A. Campbell Wylly, husband of Martha ("Pattie") Screven). An 1887 letter from William S. Basinger describes the illness and death of Georgia Bryan Screven. John Punnet Peters, who married Screven's cousin Gabriella Forman, wrote (10 September 1888), on his way to conduct archaeological excavations in Babylon, for information to advise the people of Bulgaria about the effect of rice culture near cities. Some letters from John Screven's son Thomas document his participation with the Savannah Guards in Florida during the Spanish-American War (1897) and his activities as superintendent of police in Savannah (1899). See also Subseries 2.1.9 (Letterpress Copybooks).

Folder 95

Correspondence, 1884

Folder 96

Correspondence, 1885 January-June

Folder 97

Correspondence, 1885 July-December

Folder 98

Correspondence, 1886 January-April

Folder 99

Correspondence, 1886 May-December

Folder 100

Correspondence, 1887

Folder 101

Correspondence, 1888 January-June

Folder 102

Correspondence, 1888 July-December

Folder 103

Correspondence, 1889

Folder 104

Correspondence, 1890 January-February

Folder 105

Correspondence, 1890 March-December

Folder 106

Correspondence, 1891

Folder 107

Correspondence, 1892 January-June

Folder 108

Correspondence, 1892 July-October

Folder 109

Correspondence, 1892 November-December

Folder 110

Correspondence, 1893 January-March

Folder 111

Correspondence, 1893 April-May

Folder 112

Correspondence, 1893 June-December

Folder 113

Correspondence, 1894 January-September

Folder 114

Correspondence, 1894 October-December

Folder 115

Correspondence, 1895 January-July

Folder 116

Correspondence, 1895 August-December

Folder 117

Correspondence, 1896 January-August

Folder 118

Correspondence, 1896 September-December

Folder 119

Correspondence, 1897 January-June

Folder 120

Correspondence, 1897 July-December

Folder 121

Correspondence, 1898 January-July

Folder 122

Correspondence, 1898 August-December

Folder 123

Correspondence, 1899 January-March

Folder 124

Correspondence, 1899 April-June

Folder 125

Correspondence, 1899 July-September

Folder 126

Correspondence, 1899 October-December

Folder 127

Correspondence, 1900-1901

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 2.1.9 Letterpress Copybooks, 1872-1887.

6 items

Copies of John Screven's outgoing business and personal correspondence. These volumes, marked "private" by Screven, contain letters about the William Duncan estate, railroad business, family matters, and other topics common to Subseries 2.1.7 and 2.1.8. These letters, in ink on thin paper, are very difficult to read.

Folder 128

Correspondence, 1872-1874

700 pages

Folder 129

Correspondence, 1874-1877

493 pages

Folder 130

Correspondence, 1873-1880

255 pages

Folder 131

Correspondence, 1881-1883

499 pages

Folder 132

Correspondence, 1874-1884

295 pages

Folder 133

Correspondence, 1883-1887

477 pages

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 2.1.10 Correspondence, Undated.

About 100 items

Undated letters and letter fragments of Arnold, Screven, and related families. The letters, which chiefly relate to family matters, are arranged by family name. Arnold family correspondence relates to the family of Bessie Woodbridge Screven Arnold.

Folder 134

Correspondence: Arnold Family

Folder 135

Correspondence: Arnold Family

Folder 136

Correspondence: Screven Family

Folder 137

Correspondence: Screven Family

Folder 138

Correspondence: Related Families and unknown

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 2.2 Financial and Legal Papers, 1772-1900.

About 355 items

Arrangement: chronological.

Financial and legal papers and volumes. Subseries for the unbound papers are divided according to dates which indicate significant changes in the content and/or creator of the documents.

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 2.2.1 Financial and Legal Papers, 1762-1826.

About 80 items

Financial and legal papers of Joseph Bryan and John Screven. There are no lists of enslaved people for this time period; however, there are medical bills, often with the names of enslaved people and procedures performed, as well as deeds and other papers that document health events for enslaved people. The earliest papers for this period consist of deeds and indentures which provide ownership histories of land eventually purchased by the Screvens. Other documents in this subseries include personal and household sundries accounts of Joseph Bryan; information regarding the Joseph Bryan estate for which John Screven served as executor; and school bills for Georgia Bryan and John Randolph Bryan. Among the many legal materials relating to Screven land holdings are several plats of plantations and tracts they purchased. Although there are no crop lists, an 1820 account for Delia Bryan indicates that she used cotton to pay for corn, blankets, bagging, and other plantation items.

Folder 139

Financial and legal papers, 1762

Folder 140

Financial and legal papers, 1770-1797

Folder 141

Financial and legal papers, 1799-1800

Folder 142

Financial and legal papers, 1801-1805

Folder 143

Financial and legal papers, 1808-1813

Folder 144

Financial and legal papers, 1815

Folder 145

Financial and legal papers, 1817-1818

Folder 146

Financial and legal papers, 1819-1826

Oversize Paper Folder OPF-3419/1

Financial and legal papers: Oversize papers

Portraits, maps, plats, indentures.

Extra Oversize Paper Folder XOPF-3419/1

Financial and legal papers: Extra oversize papers

Plats, mats, indentures, marriage contracts, wills, and other papers.

XOPF-3419/14: Indenture, 1805: enslaved people mentioned by name include Hannibal, Doctor, Alexander, Cicero, Pompey, Francois, Helen, Betty, Nancy, Jenny, Martisette, Sylvia (commonly called Bahama Sylvia), Sue and her son Abraham, Jacob, Charlotte his wife, and their children Charles, Jacob, Sampson, Sam, Andrew, George, Peter and Fanny.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 2.2.2 Financial and Legal Papers, 1827-1866.

About 120 items

Financial and legal papers of James Proctor Screven and his son John. This period opens with the marriage settlement of James Proctor Screven. The subseries chiefly documents Screven family land holdings--both plantations and town lots. It was during this period that the Screvens purchased Brewton Hill, Ceylon, part of Tybee Island, and other properties. This accumulation of land is recorded in deeds, indentures, insurance policies, bills, receipts, plats, and other legal documents.

John Screven first appears in this subseries in bills for Edgehill school. His application for admission to practice law in Georgia was submitted in 1849, and although there are no records of fees charged for his services, Screven's legal career is documented by various certificates and commissions scattered through the period.

Papers for the 1850s show Screven family involvement in the Savannah Hotel Company and the Savannah, Albany & Gulf Railroad. Of particular note is an 1859 inventory of the James Proctor Screven estate summarizing Screven family holdings accumulated during much of this period.

Enslaved people are documented in financial receipts that show that the Screvens family trafficked them out to the Confederate government. Financial support of the Confederacy also is evident in Confederate bonds, and other papers. The subseries ends with the presidential pardons of the Screven brothers and documents showing restoration of their lands following the Civil War.

Folder 147

Financial and legal papers, 1827-1828

Folder 148

Financial and legal papers, 1829-1830

Folder 149

Financial and legal papers, 1832-1838

Folder 150

Financial and legal papers, 1841-1842

Folder 151

Financial and legal papers, 1843-1847

Folder 152

Financial and legal papers, 1848-1849

Folder 153

Financial and legal papers, 1851-1855

Folder 154

Financial and legal papers, 1857

Folder 155

Financial and legal papers, 1858-1859

Folder 156

Financial and legal papers, 1860-1861

Folder 157

Financial and legal papers, 1862-1863

Folder 158

Financial and legal papers, 1864-1866

Oversize Paper Folder OPF-3419/1

Financial and legal papers: Oversize papers

Portraits, maps, plats, indentures.

Extra Oversize Paper Folder XOPF-3419/1

Financial and legal papers: Extra oversize papers

Plats, mats, indentures, marriage contracts, wills, and other papers.

XOPF-3419/21: Will of John Scriven, 1841: enslaved people mentioned by name in the will include Cretia, Sarah, Hetty, Clarin, Peter, Flora, Jim, Dye, Tom, Juba, Stephen, Juno, Tyra, Maria, Caty, Pompey, Pender, Primus, Caffee, Moses, Sylvia, Bella, Molsy, Selina, Charlotte, Patience, Penny, William, and Isaac.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 2.2.3 Financial and Legal Papers, 1867-1900.

About 150 items

Financial and legal papers of John Screven, relating primarily to land and railroad matters. Documents dealing with property for this period refer to rents, improvements, and sales more than to family acquisitions. Railroad papers reflect the increasing financial tribulations of the Atlantic & Gulf Railroad Company. In 1879 and afterward, legal papers show John Screven's involvement in Duncan and Woodbridge family estate disputes; and in the 1890s, his activities as receiver of the City & Suburban Railway of Savannah. A group of accounts listing the amount of rice from Proctor's plantation milled by R. W. Woodbridge, 1879-1880, represents the primary record of plantation activities for this subseries. One of the volumes in Subseries 2.2.4 contains more complete plantation account information for the postwar period.

Some financial papers of Thomas Clay Arnold also appear in this subseries during the 1870s, including a few estate papers following his death in 1875.

Folder 159

Financial and legal papers, 1867-1869

Folder 160

Financial and legal papers, 1870-1873

Folder 161

Financial and legal papers, 1874

Folder 162

Financial and legal papers, 1875

Folder 163

Financial and legal papers, 1876

Folder 164

Financial and legal papers, 1877

Folder 165

Financial and legal papers, 1878

Folder 166

Financial and legal papers, 1879

Folder 167

Financial and legal papers, 1880-1884

Folder 168

Financial and legal papers, 1885-1889

Folder 169

Financial and legal papers, 1890-1896

Folder 170

Financial and legal papers, June-December 1898

Folder 171

Financial and legal papers, circa 1898

Folder 172

Financial and legal papers, 1900

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 2.2.4 Financial and Legal Volumes, 1879-1896.

3 items.

Bound financial and legal papers of John Screven. The volume relating to the William Duncan estate contains copies of pertinent documents, such as Duncan's will and marriage settlement; and journal-like notes of John Screven about his activities in the case, first as an executor and later as Martha Nesbitt Duncan's advisor. John Screven's plantation account book shows various accounts for the Proctor plantation including labor, insurance, repairs, equipment, stock feed and rations, cash summary, and an 1892 crop list. Another account book, which Screven titled "Securities, Bills Payable," lists securities held by John and other family members, but chiefly contains lists of notes and bills owed by him, and includes some information about life insurance. See also subseries 2.3.1.

Folder 173

Duncan Case Memoranda, 1879-1881

81 pages.

Folder 174

Plantation Account, 1882-1893

Folder 175

"Securities, Bills Payable," 1879-1896

72 pages.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 2.2.5 Financial and legal papers, Undated.

About 15 items

These papers are comparable to other financial and legal materials in Series 2.2.

Folder 176

Financial and legal papers, Undated

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 2.3. Other Materials, 1814-1900

About 185 items

Farm journals, writings, genealogical notes and family histories, railroad materials, school reports and other papers relating chiefly to John Screven.

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 2.3.1 Journals, 1831-1900.

5 items

Arrangement: chronological.

Lists of enslaved laborers, including their births and deaths, are noted in farm journals kept by John Screven. These plantation volumes also include notes about agricultural activities performed, ditching tables, crop lists, tool lists, and a variety of other information, primarily about Proctor and Ferry plantations.

There are also two volumes kept by John Screven unrelated to plantation work. One (Folder 179) contains notes on military affairs and was probably made while Screven commanded the Savannah Volunteer Guard in the Civil War. This volume also contains a brief diary of Screven's trip to New York immediately following the war, and an 1895 list of books in Screven's library. A Reconstruction-era volume (Folder 180) is chiefly related to business concerns but opens with an account of Screven's trip to Montgomery, Alabama, and includes entries from a trip to Europe.

The author of the 1831 journal is unidentified. It contains brief entries about farm activities and weather conditions, mentioning in particular the "W. F. place" and "Bond's."

Folder 177

Farm Journal, 1831

Folder 178

Farm Journal, 1849-1851

Folder 179

Journal, 1864; 1866; 1895

Folder 180

Journal 1873-1877

Folder 181

Farm Journal, 1891-1900

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 2.3.2. Writings, 1850-1999 and undated.

About 20 items

Writings by John Screven and others.

Folder 182

"History of the Florida or Seminole War," by John Screven

44 pages

A discussion of events in 1835 and 1836 in the Second Seminole War.

Folder 183

"The Wreck of the Pulaski," 31 January 1886

87 pages

According to a note by John Screven this account was copied from the original, written by Mrs. McLeod (Miss Rebecca Lamar). Virginia Bryan MacKay, daughter of Joseph and Delia Bryan, was drowned with her two children in the wreck of the Pulaski in 1838. The volume is initialed "L.M.S."

Folder 184

Speeches and Other Writings

Chiefly speeches and other writings by John Screven on historical subjects, also includes a eulogy for General Andrew Jackson by Thomas F. Screven.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 2.3.4. Genealogy and Family History, 1850-1901 and undated.

About 45 items

Obituaries, biographical sketches, charts, and family histories chiefly collected or written by John Screven relating to his interest in Bryan and Screven family history. See also 2.3.6.

Folder 185

"Bryan Memoranda, No. 1," 1890

Folder 186

"Bryan Memoranda, No. 2," 1890

Folder 187

"Bryan Memoranda, No. 3," 1890

Folder 188

Genealogical notes

Folder 189

Genealogical notes

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 2.3.5. Railroad Materials, 1874-1877.

About 70 items

Materials relating to the Atlantic & Gulf Railroad Company, of which John Screven was president.

Folder 190

Extracts of Minutes of Board of Directors, 1876-1877

Folder 191

Scrip

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 2.3.6. School Reports, 1814-1841.

About 25 items

Grade reports of John Screven (1814) at Chatham Academy; Joseph Bryan (1828) at St. Mary's College of Baltimore; and John Screven (1839-1841) at Edgehill School, Princeton, New Jersey.

Folder 192

1814-1841

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 2.3.7. Miscellaneous, 1865-1898.

About 20 items

Collected materials in scrapbook, commonplace book, and unbound printed materials, including Civil War circulars and proclamations.

Folder 193

Scrapbook, Georgia Bryan Screven, 1875

Folder 194

Commonplace Book, John Screven, circa 1886

Chiefly collected quotations, but also includes brief notes on Bryan family history.

Folder 195

Miscellaneous papers

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 2.4. Pictures, circa 1865-1910.

23 items.
Image P-3419/1

Martha Screven, circa 1870

Carte-de-visite

Photographer: Ryan, Savannah, Ga.

Info. beneath image: "Pattie." Image has been lightly hand-tinted.

Special Format Image SF-P-3419/2

Mary Eleanor (Nesbitt) Brown Screven ("Nellie"), circa 1865

Tintype

Image has been lightly hand-tinted.

Image P-3419/3

Hattie Lowe, circa 1870

Cabinet card

Photographer: Jabez Hughes, Isle of Wight, Great Britain.

Info. on verso: "Miss Hattie Lowe of England - friend of my dear Aunt Georgia Screven."

Image P-3419/4-6

P-3419/4

P-3419/5

P-3419/6

Thomas Screven, circa 1898

Cabinet cards

Son of John Screven and Mary ? Screven.

Photographer: W. M. Hoffman, Savannah, Ga.

Biographical details on versos.

Image P-3419/7

Thomas Screven, circa 1898

Cabinet card

Photographer: Morast, Tampa, Fla.

Biographical info. on verso.

Image P-3419/8

James Proctor Screven, circa 1830-1840

Photo. (reproduction of painting)

Photographer: Moltz [?], Washington, D.C.

Image P-3419/9

"Grandmother Proctor," circa 1700-1750

Photo. (reproduction of painting)

Info. on verso: "Grandmother of Dr. James Proctor Screven."

Image P-3419/10

Hannah Georgia Bryan Screven, circa 1815-1825

Photo (reproduction of painting)

Photographer: Moltz [?], Washington, D.C.

On verso: "wife of Dr. James Proctor Screven."

Image P-3419/11

James Habersham, circa 1715-1800

Engraving (reproduction of painting)

Engraver: John Sartain, Philadelphia [?]

Image P-3419/12

James Proctor Screven, circa 1830-1840

Cabinet card (reproduction of painting)

Photographer: Launey & Goebel, Savannah, Ga.

Image P-3419/13

Unidentified little girl, circa 1865

Carte-de-visite

Photographer: D. J. Ryan, Savannah, Ga.

Image P-3419/14

Unidentified little girl, circa 1865

Carte-de-visite

Photographer: D. J. Ryan, Savannah, Ga.

Image P 3419/15

Unidentified young man, circa 1870

Carte-de-visite

Photographer: D. J. Ryan, Savannah, Ga.

Image P-3419/16

Unidentified man, circa 1870-1875

Carte-de-visite

Photographer: Otto Wagner, New York.

Image P-3419/17

Unidentified young woman, circa 1870-1880

Carte-de-visite

Photographer: Marius, Paris.

Image P-3419/18

Unidentified young man in 18th-century costume

Cabinet card

Photographer: Larney & Goebel, Savannah, Ga.

Image P-3419/19

"The Late General Hood's Family"

Photograph of Hood's ten orphaned children in an artificial parlor setting, with their names and descriptions printed in the lower border. The picture, taken by Lilienthal of New Orleans, La., was commercially distributed to raise money for the support of the children.

Image P-3419/20

Mary Appleton Gratz Myers and her three children, circa 1880-1890

Photographer: S. S. Silverstein, Savannah, Ga.

Image P-3419/21

United Confederate Veterans Officers' reunion, 1899

Photographer: M. Edward Wilson, Savannah, Ga.

Image P-3419/22

Unveiling of a monument to Sgt. William Jasper, Savannah, Ga., circa 1890-1910

Photographer: Wm. E. Wilson, Savannah, Ga.

William Jasper served in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War.

Image P-3419/23

View of the front hall of the John Screven home, Savannah, Ga., circa 1890-1910

Information concerning the house is found on verso.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Items Separated

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