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|Size||16.5 feet of linear shelf space (approximately 11300 items)|
|Abstract||The collection of white farmer, educator, and pacifist, Morris Randolph Mitchell (1895-1976) contains personal and business correspondence and other papers of Morris R. Mitchell. Included are scattered financial records and letters to and from members of his family, colleagues, friends, and students, primarily concerning Putney Graduate School, Friends World College, and Macedonia Cooperative Community. Early correspondence describes Mitchell's experiences with the American Expeditionary Forces in France and Belgium in 1918; his graduate education at George Peabody College for Teachers in Nashville, Tenn.; his work as headmaster of Park School in Buffalo, N.Y.; his work with the Resettlement Administration and the Farm Security Administration during the New Deal; and his later work with the Southeastern Cooperative League. Correspondence for the 1940s provides an overview of activities at Macedonia Cooperative Community during that decade and a glimpse into Mitchell's teaching at Rochdale Institute in Wisconsin and at Walhalla Public Service Camp No. 30 (Mich.), a camp for conscientious objectors. Also included is information about related ventures in education, various cooperative communities, study tours that Mitchell either organized or directed, and the Cold War academic environment.|
|Creator||Mitchell, Morris R. (Morris Randolph), 1895-1976.|
|Curatorial Unit||University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Southern Historical Collection.|
The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.
Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.
Morris Randolph Mitchell was a pacifist and educator who, 1919-1924 and 1926-1929, farmed in Marston and Ellerbe, N.C., and served as principal and/or teacher in Ellerbe schools; founded Macedonia Cooperative Community in Clarkesville, Ga., in the 1940s; served as director of the Putney Graduate School in Putney, Vt., 1950-1964; and was president of Friends World College in Glen Head, N.Y., 1964-1972.
Morris Randolph Mitchell, son of Dr. Samuel Chiles Mitchell and Alice Broadus Mitchell, was born in Georgetown, Ky., 23 June 1895. He had three brothers--Broadus, Terry, and George--and one sister, Mary (Mrs. George Clifford).
After graduating from Hyatt's Park High School in 1912, Mitchell attended the University of South Carolina (September 1912-May 1913), the University of Virginia (September 1913-May 1914), and Delaware College (June 1914-April 1917). He served in World War I from April 1917 to December 1918, and returned to Delaware for his final semester in January 1919, graduating in June.
In 1919, Mitchell married Grace Lucille Gates, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Frederick T. Gates of Montclair, N.J. There were three children from this marriage--Morris Randolph Jr., Grace Anne, and Alice Broadus. Between June 1919 and May 1924, Mitchell farmed in Marston and Ellerbe, N.C., and became principal of schools in Ellerbe. He then began work toward his Ph.D. at George Peabody College for Teachers (June 1924-August 1925) and Columbia University (September 1925-May 1926). He graduated from Peabody in August 1926 after the summer session.
Mitchell returned to Ellerbe from September 1926 to May 1928, taught at Peabody and the University of North Carolina in the summer of 1928, and then took a job as headmaster of the Park School in Buffalo, N.Y., where he stayed until August 1933. From 1933 to July 1935, Mitchell traveled throughout Europe and the Soviet Union. On his return in July 1935, he joined the faculty of Columbia University's New College, through whose auspices he established Macedonia Cooperative Community in Clarkesville, Ga. Also in this period, he and Grace separated, eventually divorcing around 1936.
In 1939, Mitchell left New College to head the Department of Education at the State Teachers College in Florence, Ala. In addition, he worked on several educational and agricultural development projects in Alabama. In 1943, he married Barbara Jaynes of Florence. They had three children--Randolph, Nancy, and Mary.
From 1943 to 1949, Mitchell managed Macedonia, taking time off to teach at Rochdale Institute and Pendle Hill and to serve as director of the Walhalla Camp for Conscientious Objectors (summers, 1943-1944). He also became executive secretary of the Southeastern Cooperative League (1947-1950). Mitchell left Macedonia in 1950 to become director of the Putney Graduate School in Putney, Vt. He remained in this position until July 1964, when he assumed the presidency of the Friends World College, an international school headquartered in Glen Head, N.Y.Back to Top
Morris R. Mitchell's papers received in 1971 consist primarily of personal and business correspondence. There are numerous letters to and from members of his family and former students from Ellerbe and New College, Columbia University. The bulk of the papers are about Putney Graduate School and Friends World College. In addition, there is information about related ventures in education, various cooperative communities, and numerous study tours that Mitchell either organized or directed.
The November 1975 addition provides sources primarily on Macedonia and Putney Graduate School. Along with scattered financial records, Mitchell's correspondence with his second wife Barbara and with colleagues, friends, and students gives a good overview of activities at Macedonia during the 1940s and a glimpse into Mitchell's teaching at Rochdale Institute and at the Walhalla Camp for Conscientious Objectors. Business and personal correspondence for the 1950s adds information on Putney, numerous cooperative and educational ventures, study tours, and the Cold War academic environment.
Mitchell believed his papers would be of more value to a philosopher than to a historian. He described his life as one of ugliness and beauty--a contrast found in all human lives. Parts of his philosophy are expressed in his early letters to Grace, in his later letters to Barbara and friends, and in his scattered writings, but the papers give only a glimpse into the mind of the man.Back to Top
Material in these first folders deals with the separate lives of Morris R. Mitchell and Grace L. Gates, Mitchell's first wife. In 1898, there is a letter from Mrs. Frederick T. Gates to Grace. In 1915 and 1916, there is correspondence between Grace and Francis Stuart Stevenson ("Stu"), containing comments about Princeton, where Stu was a student, and each other's activities. Correspondence between Grace and Morris began in October 1916.
Items from Mitchell's childhood include a poem in 1904; themes in 1908, 1909, and 1912; and material concerning his graduating class at Hyatt's Park High School, including the 1912 class history. There is little material concerning Mitchell's college life, from September 1912 through May 1913 at the University of South Carolina; from September 1913 through May 1914 at the University of Virginia; and from the summer of 1914 through May 1917 at Delaware College. There are numerous letters from friends and family in October 1915, when Mitchell was in Johns Hopkins Hospital for a nose operation. There is a certificate that he received after attending a Military Instruction Camp at Plattsburg, New York, from 5 July to 8 August 1916. In 1916 and 1917, there is correspondence with Grace and other students about Kappa Alpha dances at Delaware College and the yearbook which he edited (see The Blue Hen, volume 3). Of note is a letter from Broadus Mitchell to his mother about preparation for war in Canada (9 July 1916, 5 pages).
Primarily of correspondence between Morris R. Mitchell and Grace L. Gates. Scattered throughout are letters from Mitchell's parents, Mary, Terry, and Broadus, as well as from numerous members of Grace's family.
Mitchell first attended Officers' Training Camp at Fort Myer, Va., and then was stationed at Camp Lee, Va. In July, he was offered a position as second lieutenant with a Delaware Regiment, but declined. On August 9, he received an official commission from the War Department as first lieutenant in the Infantry Reserve Officers' Corps. He was transferred from the 320th Infantry to the 315th Machine Gun Battalion on 19 October, and in November he was ordered to the Infantry School of Arms at Fort Sill, Okla. In January, he returned to Camp Lee, where he remained until he left for France in May. From May 1917 through April 1918, Mitchell's letters contain comments about camp life, including his impression of aliens in the army and the English officers conducting the training at Fort Sill. There are also plans for various trips to see Grace and other members of his family.
From May until December 1918, Mitchell was with the American Expeditionary Forces, primarily in France. He managed to save only a few letters that he received, and they are scattered throughout the letters that he wrote home. These papers contain descriptions of his landing at Saint Nazaire, France, his trip to the fron in Belgium in July, and his experiences at the front until October when he was sent to a hospital at Pangues les Eaux. The remainder of the year, his letters are about recuperation and trying to convince the doctors to send him back to the front. Many of Mitchell's letters to Grace describe the French countryside, homes, and customs; indicate a developing interest in farming; and discuss plans for their future in North Carolina.
The papers during these nine years consist primarily of letters between Morris R. Mitchell and Grace during periods that they were separated. Their letters contain family news, information about the children, descriptions of Mitchell's work, and discussions of future plans. There are also scattered letters from former Ellerbe students.
|1919||There are several themes written by Mitchell at Delaware College where he finished his undergraduate education in May. In addition there are letters from men that served with him in the American Expeditionary Forces. During the summer, when Mitchell was at Roslyn (near Marston, N.C.), starting a peach farm and building a house, the correspondence with Grace is primarily about wedding plans. They were married in September 1919.|
|1920||Correspondence extends primarily from May through August, while Grace was at Montclair, N.J., for the birth of their first child Morris Jr. (3 July). During this time, Broadus, Mary, and George all visited Mitchell in North Carolina, and many of his letters include information about their activities, family finances, and plans for moving to Ellerbe as principal of the school in September. Letters about Ellerbe include a description of the town and school, as well as details about the job. Of note is a letter about an African American revival meeting (9 August) and comments about Broadus's ideas on socialism (16 August).|
|1921||In November and December, while Grace was at Montclair for the birth of the second child Grace Anne (9 December), correspondence is about the building of a teacherage at Ellerbe. Of note is a letter from Edwin Key, a former student of Mitchell's, about school consolidation (11 January); a letter from Mary, Mitchell's sister, about the controversy over the location of the Medical College of the University of Virginia (11 January); copies of three letters written to Alice Gates, Grace's sister, from a friend in Moscow, Russia, about relief work in the Volga Valley (21 October); and a letter from Samuel C. Mitchell about Morris R. Mitchell's being elected president of the Principal's Association in Raleigh (6 December).|
|1923||In the very little correspondence for this year, there is an item about the National Council for the Prevention of War (6 November).|
|1924||During the early part of this year, there is correspondence about Mitchell's plans to do graduate work at Peabody. During the summer, while Grace is at Montclair, N.J., with the children and Mitchell is at George Peabody College for Teachers (Nashville, Tenn.), letters deal primarily with family matters. There is some discussion about Mitchell's getting his doctorate. In December, letters from both Grace's father and Mitchell's father mention the gift from James B. Duke to the state of North Carolina.|
|1925||Mitchell was granted another year's leave of absence from his position at Ellerbe to get his Ph.D. During the summer, the family was again at Montclair, while Mitchell finished his Masters at Peabody. On September 11, the third child Alice was born and that month Mitchell began his study under John Dewey at Columbia University. Correspondence with Grace and other members of his family--primarily his mother--is about an article titled Mine Own People, which was accepted by the Atlantic Monthly and published in October under the pseudonym Benjamin Harrison Chaffee. Following publication of the article, there is correspondence with Ellen Mason about money to help three Ellerbe graduates continue their education. The manuscript copy of this article, which was originally titled Without Benefit of Knowledge, is in the undated material for the year.|
|1926||Mitchell continued at Columbia until May. During this time there is correspondence with Mason about the scholarships, with Shelton Phelps about his dissertation at Peabody, and with his parents about their trip abroad. During the summer, Mitchell returned to Peabody and correspondence with Grace is primarily about his dissertation. In the undated material there is a survey of history books, which was probably part of his research. He was awarded the Ph.D. on 21 August, and he and the family returned to Ellerbe. In November, correspondence begins with the Park School at Buffalo about the possibility of his becoming headmaster.|
|1927||There is correspondence with Leslie Leland, Bryant Glenny, and Parton Swift about Park School. In October, Mitchell accepted the position as headmaster for the following year. Letters to Mason continue. There are also papers concerning his plans to teach during the first term of summer school at Peabody and during the second term at Chapel Hill. The papers contain some information about collecting funds for the Ellerbe colored school. Of note is a letter to J. G. Taylor, Acting Chief Clerk, Smithsonian Institute, about Indian mounds around Ellerbe (11 November).|
|January-August 1928||From January through May, the correspondence is mainly with members of the Park School staff about hiring teachers for the coming school year. There are also letters to his father and various candidates, including Richard Little, about a man to take Mitchell's job as principal at Ellerbe.|
During this period, Morris R. Mitchell was headmaster of the Park School. His son was suffering from an osteomyelitis condition, so much of the correspondence between Mitchell and Grace contains extensive descriptions about the different treatments Morris Jr. received, including heliotherapy and a maggot treatment used by Dr. William S. Baer of Baltimore, Md. There are scattered items giving information about Park School and some correspondence about several students who lived with Mitchell while Grace and the children were moving about for Morris Jr.'s health.
|October-December 1928||Grace was in Arizona with the children. Her letters described the heliotherapy treatment and told of daily activities. Of note is correspondence between Mitchell and Dr. Bruce Payne about a possible position in the School of Education at George Peabody College for Teachers.|
|1929||In January, Mitchell decided not to accept the offer at Peabody. Correspondence with Grace is about her parents' visit to Arizona and her father's death while there in February. In April, Grace moved with the children to Hamlet, N.C. Her letters this month were about quilting parties, plans for her sister's wedding at Montclair, N.J., in May, and Morris Jr.'s leg. For the remainder of the year the papers are mainly about the maggot treatment prescribed by Dr. Baer for Morris Jr. and about other family matters. Of note is a letter from George Mitchell about his travels in Europe and England (21 April).|
|1930||Letters from Grace are about the children and about another operation for Morris Jr., performed by Dr. Baer in May. In April, there are several letters from Broadus to Mitchell, about their father's future retirement. Of note is correspondence with Frank Porter Graham during the summer concerning the possibility of a job at the University of North Carolina.|
|1931||There are no letters until May and very few after that. Correspondence is with N. W. Walker of the University of North Carolina and Bruce R. Payne of Peabody.|
|1932||There are few letters this year. Several are from Mitchell's mother discussing plans for the summer at Blue Ridge and later plans for Christmas. Of note is one from her about Broadus's report on a lynching in Salisbury, Md. (5 February).|
|January-July 1933||In January, Mitchell resigned from Park School. The fact was announced in April and numerous notes followed. Letters during the summer, while the family was at Montclair, are about plans for their trip abroad.|
There are almost no papers reflecting the period that Morris R. Mitchell spent traveling in Europe and England. The little correspondence there is in this section of his life is with Dr. Bruce Payne about a possible position at Peabody and with Dr. Thomas Alexander about New College, an experimental program at the Teachers College, Columbia University. There are several letters to his parents about their trip in Europe and about possible places for them to stay. Of note is a letter about Mitchell's desire to remain in Europe to work with the international youth movement (20 Aug 1934) and a letter from his father about Mitchell's desire to work for peace (17 July 1935). In this last letter, Mitchell's concept of world community is mentioned.
During this period, Morris R. Mitchell was working with numerous projects promoting community development. Although his primary affiliation was with New College, he was released from his major responsibilities there to work with the Resettlement Administration from August 1936 through December 1937, and then to work with the Farm Security Administration for the following year. The papers contain little information about his work with these government agencies. There are numerous invitations to speak during these four years, but there are few copies of his remarks. Scattered throughout the papers are letters from his children and letters from students at New College, primarily discussing a proposed major in Community Planning.
|July-December 1935||Of note is a letter to Franklin D. Roosevelt about the Nicaragua Canal (30 July 1935) and a letter describing his experiences in Europe to the school children in Ellerbe, N.C. (30 September).|
|1936||There is some correspondence with Mitchell's father about collaborating on a book with Dr. Thomas Alexander about the growth of the community. During the summer, Mitchell was in Clarkesville, Ga., working with the Macedonia Cooperative Community, but there are only slight references to this in his papers. Of note is Preparing for a Summer at New College Community (18 May mimeographed); Memorandum on the Development of Community Centers (7 October); a Revised Proposal for Teacher Training Program in Rural Resettlement (about an agreement between New College and the Resettlement Administration, 26 October); Educational Policy of Rural Resettlement and Suggested Check-List for Community Center Buildings (13 November), Proposal for Educational Exhibit at the World's Fair by the Community Organization Group of New College (14 November).|
|1937||There is some correspondence with Phillip N. Powers and Fred Vreeland about a project for electricity on the East Fork of the Pigeon River, and with Allen Olmstead about Penderlea High School, Penderlea, N.C. Of note is a detailed letter giving some history of the Ellerbe Colored School (16 April) and Community Schools for Resettlement Communities (13 September, carbon copy). Among correspondents for the year are William H. Kilpatrick, Paul R. Morrow, Theor Vaughn, and Carleton Washburne.|
|1938||There is correspondence with Fred G. Wale and Allen Olmstead about Penderlea, N.C., in March and May. During the summer, Mitchell traveled with some students from New College, and in September he received letters from some of these students who were still in Sweden. In November, he was informed that the New College experiment was to be discontinued in June of the following year. He received numerous letters from students commenting on this decision. Of note is a copy of an article published in Progressive Education titled Taking Dewey Seriously (February), letters from his father about Dr. Will Alexander (14 October) and about Howard Odum and regionalism (22 October), a rural education proposal with Macedonia, Ga., as a laboratory community for majors in the field of Rural Education at New College (8 November), and a letter from Claude L. Purcell about President Roosevelt's visiting Habersham College (Ga.) (14 November).|
|January-June 1939||Very few papers cover these months. There are scattered items about purchasing black walnut trees for Macedonia. There is also a Farm Conservation Plan for Macedonia Cooperative Community.|
While head of the Department of Education at Florence State Teachers College, Morris R. Mitchell worked in surrounding counties in Alabama helping to develop community systems of education. In 1941 and 1942, he also served as a consultant and educational technician for the Arkansas Valley Regional Planning Project sponsored by the National Resources Planning Board. During the trips to Arkansas, there is correspondence between Mitchell and Barbara Jaynes (his second wife) about her work and the college. There is little information concerning his work with the college of the Arkansas project.
|October-December 1939||There is a letter from Samuel Chiles Mitchell indicating that Morris R. Mitchell was in Florence, Ala.|
|1940||In the early part of the year, there is some correspondence among members of Mitchell's family about his idea that they should all contribute a chapter to a book giving their views about the South. In October, most of the papers are about the article Teacher Education Through Useful Work, which appeared in theEducational Method (carbon copy).|
|1941||Letters are primarily between Mitchell and Barbara, since much of the time Mitchell is in Arkansas. There are letters to and from people at Macedonia in October.|
|1942||Letters from Barbara are about Macedonia during the first part of the year and about her work for E. R. Bowen in Chicago and her life at the Woodlawn Women's Cooperative during the later half of the year. Correspondence from Mitchell mentions numerous trips to Arkansas and plans for their marriage in November. Of note during this year, is a letter from Howard Odum about a regional workshop (4 May); a letter from J. A. Keller advising Mitchell to stay with the National Resources Planning Board in Dallas, Texas (June); mention of Morris Jr.'s death (September); correspondence about the possibility of the presidency of Kansas State Teachers College at Emporia (October); and correspondence with W. Earl Armstrong about serving as an educational consultant for community schools in Colorado (20 October).|
There are very few papers for this period. Most of the time Morris R. Mitchell spent dairying at the Macedonia Cooperative Community near Clarkesville, Ga. He served as Director of a School of Cooperative Living in a Civilian Public Service Camp for conscientious objectors at Wahalla, Mich., in 1943 and 1944. While he was at Wahalla, Barbara continued to work for Bowen in Chicago. Correspondence between the two includes information about the Arkansas Valley Plan, the Rochdale Institute (Wisc.), and Macedonia.
Of note is a short history and director of men at the Civilian Public Service Camp (mimeographed, 1944); material about the Rochdale Institute College Camp (24-29 September 1945); "Introduction to a Cooperative Society" (mimeographed, 25 October 1949); and notes about White Pines, Mitchell's home in Georgia.
Morris R. Mitchell's work with this experimental graduate school included recruiting students, hiring faculty members, raising money, and planning the curriculum. In keeping with his concept of study tours, he took his students on numerous trips to Puerto Rico, Mexico, Sweden, Denmark, parts of Europe, Africa, Asia, and around the world. Much of the papers concern plans for these trips. There are also letters from former students and acquaintances asking advice about jobs or trips they were taking.
In addition to information about the school, the papers for these years reflect Mitchell's participation in local affairs. There are numerous invitations to speak and frequent references to local projects in which he was involved. Few of the speeches are among the papers. Organizations with which his work at Putney overlapped included the Experiment in International Living, World Youth Argosy, Inc. (1950-1956), Woolman Hill at Deerfield, Mass. (1957-1964), and the Robert Flaherty Foundation (1957-1964). He maintained interest in these organizations even after his active participation had terminated. Therefore, there are scattered references to these groups in the remainder of the papers.
Each year while Mitchell was at Putney, there is some information about a Spring Conference for educators which he attended and scattered correspondence with people whom he had known at Macedonia. During this period, there is extensive correspondence with Ed Whitworth, Wilmer Brandt, Paris Whitworth, and Devereaux Stewart about his land in Georgia. These letters discuss timber stand improvement work, experimentation with black walnut trees, and surveying and establishing property lines.
|1950||Material is primarily about setting up the school and recruiting students. There are references to plans for an around the world study tour.|
|1951||Papers include minutes of incorporation (22 February) and numerous financial reports for the World Youth Argosy, in addition to extensive correspondence with its founders Monroe and Isabel Smith. There is a carbon copy of comments made by Mitchell to the National Citizens Commission for the Public Schools.|
|1952||There is correspondence with Dr. Edward Olsen about a revised edition of his book School and Community, to which Mitchell contributed two chapters; with Monroe Smith about plans for a Scandanavian study trip with Youth Argosy; and with Harvey W. Culp about the Foundation for Integrated Education, Inc.|
|1953||Topics of personal interest this year include the birth of a daughter Mary in May and information about a stroke suffered by Barbara's dad. There is correspondence with the Smiths about trips sponsored by Youth Argosy and with Constance Carr about an article for the February 1954 issue of Childhood Education titled The Whole Teacher in a Divided World. Of note is a report to the Trustees about Putney Graduate School (28 March).|
|1954||In these papers are plans for a study tour to Puerto Rico for the summer, information about the Young People's Socialist League, a write-up about John Calvin Metcalf and Samuel Chiles Mitchell (June), and a review of Harry S. Ashmore's book The Negro and the Schools (7 July).|
|1955||There is correspondence with Monroe and Isabel Smith about plans for a world study tour for Putney Graduate School and with C. J. McLanahan about the Michigan Credit Union League and Mitchell's speaking engagement at its Week-end Institute at Port Huron (September). Items of note include a fiscal report (30 September) and minutes of the annual meeting (31 December) of Youth Argosy, Inc., and a letter to Donald Russell, president of the University of South Carolina, protesting the dismissal of Dr. Travelstead (14 December).|
|1956||Much of the material this year is about the world study tour sponsored by the school and conducted by the Smiths. The group left in September, but the tour ended prematurely in December because of conflicts among the students and poor management of funds. There is scattered information about Koinonia Farm in Americus, Ga.; a discussion of the possibility of opening an interracial camp near Green Bay, Wisc.; correspondence with Dr. Carl F. Miller, an archeologist at the Smithsonian Institute, about footprints found near Barton, Ala.; and a letter to Senator Aiken with a Proposal for Executive Action in the Desegregation Issue (3 February). In addition, there are letters from Priscilla Roberts about the American Humanist Association and her job as editor of its magazine The Humanist and from A. J. Muste requesting an article for Liberation. Of special note are letters from Mitchell's sister Mary Clifford about her participation in a program sponsored by the Experiment in International Living. They include accounts of her travels in Japan and her stay with a Japanese family (April-June).|
|1957||Topics of correspondence include cooperative movements, a Mexican study tour, and the Robert Flaherty Foundation, as well as funds for Highlander Folk School and action taken to recover money for students who participated in the world study tour. There are letters form Alice, George Mitchell's wife, about their moving to Scotland and from Clarence Jordan about problems at Koinonia Farm (Americus, Ga.). Of note is correspondence with E. R. Bowen and an article by him titled How Consumer Cooperatives Develop Cooperative Individuals, (July, carbon copy).|
|1958||Papers include correspondence with Robert E. Markarian about an extension course that Mitchell taught in Northhampton, Mass., for Springfield College; mention of Koinonia Farm; numerous requests for financial aid for Putney Graduate School (Vt.) from various foundations; a discussion about a possible market for Putney chairs; and a copy of the by-laws of Woolman Hill (Deerfield, Mass.). Two items of note are a paper about Junior High Social Studies (March, 8 pages proposal, mimeographed) by John Eliot and The Shady Hill School Apprentice Training Program by H. Harry Giles (15 April, 28 pages).|
|1959||Topics include raising funds for the school, raising money for Highlander Folk School (Monteagle, Tenn.), the idea of a world university (May and June), and The Humanist. There is also some correspondence with members of the Society of Brothers, Inc. (referred to as the Bruderhof) and with Karl Jaeger about the International School of America. There are scattered minutes and financial reports about Woolman Hill, the First Draft of a Proposal for Production of a Series of Comparative Films on Education Systems by Franco Romagnoli, and Humanism and the Good Life by Harry Elmer Barnes (undated). In addition there are references to a recording of Uncle Remus stories that Mitchell was planning to make for Pathways of Sound (see folder 385).|
|1960||Papers contain plans for a trip to Sweden and Russia, more information about Wooman Hill (Mass.), and material pertaining to a study of the local tax structure of Putney, Vt. This year, Mitchell accepted a position as a member of the Board of Directors for Woolman Hill and also agreed to serve on a Tax Study Committee for Putney (see also folders 386 and 387).|
|1961||There are references to the Peace Corps and Youth Corps in the papers for this year, but not much substantial information about either. Correspondence is about the sales of Uncle Remus records, the graduate school, and Putney School. Of note is a Proposal for Michigan United titled Images Revealed - Images Beheld: A Study of Consumer Credit by the Research Department of the Michigan Credit Union League (dittoed, undated), and A Proposal for a Rural Areas Development Program for the New Hampshire Cooperative Extension Services (26 September).|
|1962||Papers include an itinerary for a summer study tour to Mexico and Puerto Rico; reports about Putney School; information about taxes in Putney, Vt.; letters about George Mitchell's death in April and a proposal for a George Sinclair Mitchell Memorial (30 April); a proposal by Agnes Baron for an educational community called EKATA at Ojai, Calif. (June); correspondence with G. E. Cheek and mimeographed material about a Memorial Recreation Forest Project at Warrenton, N.C.; references to work with the Rural Areas Development program; and a proposal for a World View College (enclosure, 17 November, 9 pages).|
|1963||There are notes for a speech titled Group Process and Its Application in connection with Mitchell's work with the Rural Areas Development program (undated); information about study tours to Sweden and Russia; references to a committee on the establishment of a world university; mention of an International Film Seminar; and proposals for a Putney zoning ordinance. There is an extensive correspondence concerning a search for a director at Woolman Hill and the possibilities for a Woolman Hill Overseas Service Preparedness Training Program. The possibility of a merger of the Putney Graduate School with Antioch College (Yellow Springs, Ohio) also appears in the correspondence.|
|January-June 1964||There is additional material about the Memorial Recreation Forest (N.C.), some plans for Mitchell's retirement, and correspondence about the conflict at Windham College (Vt.). Of note is a letter and outline of a Comprehensive Approach to the Problem of the Appalachian Region, which Mitchell sent to Franklin D. Roosevelt Jr. (18 February). Putney Graduate School merged with Antioch in June of this year.|
In organizing Friends World College, Morris R. Mitchell served as Director of Academic Programming, President, Provost, and faculty member. The educational program he envisioned and helped implement was one of international design. The seven centers affiliated with the college gave students the opportunity to study emerging concepts in cultures and countries throughout the world. During these years, he planned the academic program, raised money, recruited students and faculty members, and conducted various study tours. Finally he moved to Clarkesville, Ga., to head up the Southern Center of the college at his home at White Pines.
|July-December 1964||There is a letter to Orville Freeman about a guaranteed management income plan to help farmers upgrade their forest land (23 October) and correspondence with John L. Sweeney, Chairman of the Federal Development Planning Committee for Appalachia about the same topic. Material concerning Woolman Hill decreases, since Mitchell resigned from the Board of Directors.|
|1965||There is additional correspondence about Mitchell's income averaging proposal during the first part of the year with Jonas V. Morris. Mitchell spent April in Georgia writing a book titled World Education: A Revolutionary Concept (see volume 19). There is correspondence during most of the year about his land in Georgia and about funds for the College.|
|1966||There are statements from students about problems at Friends World College; information about various studytrips; a tentative budget for the College; and references to a trip around the world that started 27 December.|
|1967||There are only a few letters, primarily in February, and they are about Mitchell's being sick and having to leave the tour.|
|1968||The papers this year are about the book World Education and about work on Mitchell's land in Georgia.|
|1969||Letters are primarily about administrative decisions at Friends World College. There is a certificate of incorporation of the Association of World Colleges and Universities (12 December).|
|1970||The papers for this year primarily contain information about the Association of World Colleges and Universities, Inc. Included in this material is a copy of the by-laws, minutes of an organizational meeting at Wingspread in Racine, Wisc. (16-18 November), and numerous letters concerning proposals and plans for the group. There is also a log kept by Sidney Harman, president of Friends World College, on a trip he took around the world on behalf of the College. The additional papers reflect Mitchell's plans to move to Georgia and to establish a Southern Studies Center for the College, which would emphasize ecology, community development, and conservation. On 6 July, he resigned as Provost of the College. He was granted a position as a faculty member and his plans for the Georgia center were approved. Some of the papers are also about a revised edition of World Education: An Emerging Concept.|
|1971||There is a list of colleges, institutes, and organizations dealing with world education, as well as a report from E. P. Menon about the World Parliament of Youth held by the World Union International at the SRI Aurobindo Ashram, Pondichery, South India, 26 December 1970-1 January 1971 (enclosure, January 8). Of note is a review of Theodore Erameld's book Patterns of Educational Philosophy (27 April) and a sermon given by Robert Briggs about a Center for World Community at Cornell (enclosure, 7 June).|
|1972||The one item for this year is a honorary life membership given Mitchell by the Association of World Colleges and Universities.|
See Series 2 for post-1975 materials.
Notes, letters, and other materials #03832, Subseries: "1.11. Undated/Post-1975 Materials." Folder 376
Notes about the class members at Ellerbe, N.C.; letters from Grace L. Gates; information about the Memorial Recreation Forest in North Carolina; and a story titled "On Russia." There is a dittoed copy of a manuscript by Cary Robertson Jr., titled "Betram and His Accidents," and a list of manuscripts by Mitchell titled "A Thinking Teacher Speaks."
"Chapter on Ethics: The Theory of Relativity applied to Human Conduct" #03832, Subseries: "1.11. Undated/Post-1975 Materials." Folder 383
Notes about character building
Joel Chandler Harris As Told By Morris Mitchell, "Uncle Remus Stories Vol. I", 1961 #03832, Subseries: "1.12. Miscellaneous Material and Newspaper Clippings." D-3832/1
Pathways of Sound POS 1028
Sixteen themes written by Morris R. Mitchell in his last semester at Deleware College.
Notes Morris R. Mitchell made on a trip to Russia and expense accounts from the European tour he took with his family.
Morris R. Mitchell and his wife Grace agreed to a separation in November 1935 and divorced circa 1936. During this period, Mitchell grew increasingly interested in cooperatives and began his work at Macedonia.
|1938||Mimeographed fact sheets, informational brochures, and reports on work camps in Georgia (Macedonia), Pennsylvania, Michigan, Tennessee, and California.|
|1939||In early 1939, Mitchell began considering a teaching position at Florence State Teachers College, and he exchanged several letters with James Keller, the school's president, concerning this move. He also received a number of letters from W. Elmore Jackson of the American Friends Service Committee about plans for Macedonia's summer camp, and he maintained correspondence with the camp's directors. Other noteworthy materials for this year comprise notes from students, information sheets on youth hostels, a four-page packet on the Macedonia camp, and a notarized statement by Mitchell giving his brother Broadus a mortgage on his Georgia property in return for a loan.|
|October-December 1939||Correspondence for late 1939 is limited mainly to letters with friends at home and abroad. Of note are two letters from Olive Campbell of the Campbell Folk School (Brasstown, N.C.) and two letters from a young colleague (Edward Yeomans) discussing the state of American education.|
|1940||Correspondence with students and associates (including Edward Yeomans and Olive Campbell) concern their future plans and ideas about education and cooperative living. Of note is a letter to Mitchell's brother George describing a Farm Security Administration project in Coffee County, Ala. There are also several IOUs and a sketchy budget for the early 1940s. Personal correspondence includes two letters from a friend to Barbara Jaynes, Mitchell's second wife.|
|1941||Letters are mostly between Mitchell and his students and colleagues and concern Macedonia, other cooperative ventures, and American politics and education. Of interest are correspondence with Frank Roberts of the Smithsonian Institution about tracks found in Colbert County, Ala.; correspondence with the Woman's College of the University of North Carolina about a job possibility; and a letter from a Federal Bureau of Investigation agent to James Keller about Mitchell's patriotism. Also included are Mitchell's vita and several IOUs.|
|1942||Mitchell wrote Barbara almost daily in late 1942 when she was working for E.R. Bowen in Chicago and he was working at Macedonia. He described mostly his work and life at the cooperative and a speaking tour he took in November. Later letters discuss their plans to be married. Letters to Barbara from her friends and family pertain to the whereabouts and activities of old friends and her brother Melville. Letters from Mitchell's relatives welcome her to the family. Mitchell's correspondence with students and colleagues comments extensively on education and wartime politics. Of interest is a letter Mitchell wrote Franklin Roosevelt urging the president to push for peace and world cooperation. Mitchell wrote frequently to E.R. Bowen and continued his correspondence with Frank Roberts of the Smithsonian. Miscellaneous materials include scattered financial papers and a camper's short story.|
In 1943, Mitchell joined the Society of Friends and strengthened his commitments to pacifism and cooperative living. Between 1943 and 1946, he lived off and on at the Macedonia cooperative as its manager, worked summers as the director of a school at the Walhalla (Michigan) camp for conscientious objectors, and traveled to keep speaking and conference engagements. From 1946 to 1949, he split his time between teaching at the Rochdale Institute, leading summer study tours, and traveling. During these years Mitchell and Barbara spent much of their time apart. In 1943 and 1944, Barbara continued working for E. R. Bowen in Chicago, and then later in 1944 took up full residence at Macedonia. Most of the personal correspondence for this period consists of letters written during their separations.
|1943||Extensive correspondence between Mitchell and Barbara describes day to day events and problems at Macedonia and at the Walhalla camp and often comments on the difficulty of living apart. Other personal correspondence consists of letters from Barbara's father concerning her mother's poor health and letters from Mitchell's children. Mitchell also maintained considerable contact with students, friends, and colleagues related to Macedonia's operation, job prospects and references, cooperative philosophy, and his work at Walhalla. Correspondents of note are E. R. Bowen and Edward Yeomans.|
|1944||Letters from Barbara to Mitchell discuss details of the finances and operation of Macedonia and describe her feelings about her role there and about their marriage. Mitchell's letters with others focus on Macedonia and community development projects. Of note is correspondence with Abd el Hamid Zaki concerning a teaching position at the Egyptian Institute of Education. Several letters with family members discuss Mitchell's possibly taking this position. There is also a short mimeographed history and roster for the Walhalla camp.|
|1945||Letters from Barbara to Mitchell concern Macedonia and the birth of their first child, Randolph. Letters with other members of the Mitchell family focus primarily on his father's health. Macedonia, Rochdale Institute, and postwar plans for the cooperative movement dominate correspondence with students and campers. Other materials include mimeographed information on Rochdale, Mitchell's personal notes on cooperative philosophy, a report on the Walhalla camp, and loan papers for Macedonia.|
|1946||Barbara wrote Mitchell frequently from Macedonia while he was away at Walhalla during the summer, and her letters describe the activities, morale problems, and financial status of the cooperative. A number of records, including receipts, a farm plan, balance sheets, and correspondence with Macedonia residents provide other sources on Macedonia's finances. Miscellaneous letters discuss speaking engagements, workshop plans, and publications.|
|1947||Mitchell severed ties to Florence State Teachers College in 1947 and devoted himself fully to community development. Continuing as unofficial manager of Macedonia, he also became executive secretary of the Southeastern Cooperative League and worked to develop the fledgling organization. In these capacities, Mitchell corresponded frequently with students and others interested in Macedonia, with persons seeking aid or information from the League, and with colleagues concerning the status and goals of both enterprises. Significant correspondents are John J. DeBoer, president of the American Education Fellowship, W. B. Twitty (Bradley), C. J. McLanahan, education director of the Southeastern Cooperative League, and Harold Grey of Saline Valley Farms (Ann Arbor, Mich.). Of interest is a letter from Mitchell to Harry Truman encouraging him not to consider using atomic weapons again. Mitchell also maintained his academic ties, and correspondence includes letters with publishers, former students, and professional educators. In the fall Mitchell taught at Pendle Hill (Pennsylvania), travelled to speaking and conference engagements, and worked at Rochdale Institute. Letters for this period consist mostly of correspondence with Macedonia residents about the cooperative. Also present are tax records, Spring Conference materials, and a typescript article by Mitchell (Think or Fight) explaining why he left academics and his views on economics. Personal correspondence is limited to a few letters.|
|1948||Mitchell spent much of the spring working at Rochdale and then returned briefly to Macedonia before leading a summer study tour to Scandinavia. He then returned to Macedonia for the fall. The bulk of his correspondence is with students and with fellow educators and community organizers and concerns Macedonia, the study tour, pacifism, community development projects, and growing anxieties over the curtailment of academic freedom. Of special interest are letters and mimeographed publicity materials pertaining to the controversy over the firing of an Olivet College (Olivet, Mich.) professor T. Barton Akeley for his liberal views. Frequent correspondents are John J. DeBoer and B. Othanel Smith of the American Education Fellowship, W. Edwin Collier of the Philadelphia Ethical Society, and Edward G. Olsen of the Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development. Personal correspondence includes letters from Mitchell's father, letters with family members about his father's illness and death in August and about the settlement of his estate, and a number of letters from Barbara concerning the birth of their second child and Macedonia. Financial records include a tax return, royalty statements, and scattered letters. There are also several brochures on community development.|
|1949||In 1949, Mitchell relinquished responsibility for managing Macedonia and turned his full attention to the Southeastern Cooperative League. Besides conducting League business he travelled on the lecture circuit and led a study tour of English and Swedish cooperatives (see also Southeastern Cooperative League Records (#3597)). Other correspondence concerns the summer tour and the development of community schools. Mitchell carried on frequent correspondence with a variety of educators, including Edward Olsen, Ray Armstrong (Goldsboro, N.C.), and Theodore Brameld (New York University) concerning cooperative education. Miscellaneous educational materials include brochures and mimeographed information on study tours and the Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development and a speech by Mitchell titled Education in the World Crisis. There are also scattered financial papers and personal correspondence.|
|1950||A postcard and letter from Edward Yeomans and a grade sheet from a summer school course Mitchell taught at Marlboro College (Vermont).|
|1951||Mitchell's correspondence for this year covers a wide range of topics. Emerging as primary concerns are cooperative living and education; current affairs; political and economic philosophy; and academic freedom. Materials Mitchell kept on cooperatives include correspondence and promotional writings on the Quest community near Royal Oak, Mich.; the Community School in Detroit; a school in Winnetka, Ill.; Adelphi College in Garden City, N.Y.; and the Southeastern Cooperative League. Mitchell's keen interest in world affairs surfaces in letters he exchanged with politicians, colleagues, and business leaders concerning United States foreign policy. Of note is a letter to Senator Tom Connally urging him not to let political fears stop the shipment of grain to India. Letters with colleagues and friends show a crystallization of Mitchell's views on socialism. A set of letters with critics of his Fever Spots in American Education(The Nation) demonstrates not only his views but the responses other educators had to his embracing of socialistic principles. Several letters describing instances of academic censorship, racial discrimination, and public opposition to cooperatives demonstrate the increasingly conservative environment in which Mitchell worked. Correspondents of note are E. R. Bowen, Bradley Rowland, S. B. T. Easterling, Theodore Brameld, and Marian C. Cooch. As head of the Putney Graduate School, Mitchell maintained routine correspondence with prospective teachers, parents, and study tour participants. He also helped promote the building of a new grammar school in Putney, and there is considerable material on this project. Mitchell's financial records include loan papers, receipts, and purchase requisitions. Much of the personal correspondence for this year is between Barbara and her family and focuses on her mother's health and her brother Melville's tour of duty in Korea. Correspondence with Mitchell's sister Mary and other family members discusses a planned family reunion, the educational plans of Mitchell's niece Alice, and an extended visit Barbara had with her mother in the summer.|
|1952||Significant correspondence for this year includes letters with Mitchell's brother George about plans for the Penn School; with Isabel Smith concerning the Youth Argosy; and with several archaeologists about the footprints Mitchell found in Alabama. Mitchell also wrote frequently to students, parents, and colleagues concerning school programs at Putney, job references, and the Scandinavian summer tour he was to lead. Study tour materials and expense records are also included. Other correspondence focuses on the banning of textbooks, censorship of teachers, Universal Military Training, and the development of Glen Maples, Mitchell's Putney home. Frequent correspondents are Fred Brownlee and Edmond and Mary Lee Runcorn. Of note is a dedication program for the Ellerbe Colored High School (1952); an agenda for the New England Citizens Concerned for Peace's Second Annual Conference; and mimeographed material on the Spring Conference and on a New College reunion. Personal correspondence for the most part is with Mitchell's sister Mary Clifford and her daughter Alice and with his brother Broadus and Broadus's wife Louise. Letters discuss the proposed family reunion, their children, and Mary's decision to go on the Scandinavian tour with Mitchell.|
|1953||Limited correspondence discusses committee and Board meetings at Putney, other school affairs, and finances for the school and for the Glen Maples farm. An interesting letter from a Congregational minister addresses the treatment of African Americans by Brattleboro, Vt., barbers.|
|1954||Correspondence is chiefly with the directors of the Experiment in International Living (Putney, Vt.) and concerns developing closer working relations with the Putney Graduate School. Other school related correspondence involves Board meetings, recruitment of students, and finances. A few letters mention affairs at Glen Maples and the production of chairs there.|
|1955||A Graduate School bulletin on the summer study tour and notices of a Board meeting.|
|1956||Almost all the materials for this year concern a European study tour led by Monroe and Isabel Smith of the Youth Argosy. There are several bulletins and letters about plans for the tour and a considerable number of letters with the Smiths and with participants concerning complaints about the tour's management. Correspondents of note are Priscilla Johnson, Jean Mather, Margaret L. Frackenpohl, and Carmelita Hinton. Also included is Monroe Smith's expense account for the trip. There is a speech by Eugene Smathers titled God and Country, The Christian Faith and Community Concern.|
|1957||Correspondence with Monroe Smith and with students unhappy with the European tour continues through March.|
See Series 1 for undated materials.
Order books for the New Model Mandolin Guitar Harp, Morris Mitchel, salesman, 1913 #03832, Subseries: "2.9. Volumes, 1913-1971." Box 29
Volumes 1 and 2.
College annual that Mitchell edited.
Mitchell's notebook as United States infantry 1st lieutenant #03832, Subseries: "2.9. Volumes, 1913-1971." Box 29
Home Address: The Knoll, Newark, Del.; diary 17 May 1918-13 January 1919; list of 1st platoon, 1st squad (back of book).
Small blue notebook of quotations, sayings, and incidents, no order or date #03832, Subseries: "2.9. Volumes, 1913-1971." Box 29
Manuscript material, possibly for a book, that Mitchell may have been writing.
Springback black book, slightly charred, of letters and poems from Molly Slattery, probably written in the 1930s #03832, Subseries: "2.9. Volumes, 1913-1971." Box 30
One letter, 1950, at back of the book.
Black springback notebook with information about Habersham County, Ga. #03832, Subseries: "2.9. Volumes, 1913-1971." Box 30
In the back are carbon copies of letters from Clarkesville, Ga., but there is no information about who wrote the letters.
"Progress Through Planning in Alabama," Community Service Division, Work Projects Administration of Alabama, May 1941 #03832, Subseries: "2.9. Volumes, 1913-1971." Box 30
Prepared for the State Advisory Committee of the Community Service Division of the Work Projects Administration by William B. Singleton under Mitchell's for the Service Center, Progressive Education Association.
"Democratic Education: Suggestions for Education and National Defense Fourth Area: Education Must Help Us Feel that We Have a Part to Play in National Progress, Socially Useful Work to Perform" #03832, Subseries: "2.9. Volumes, 1913-1971." Box 30
Prepared under Mitchell's direction for the Service Center, Progressive Education Association.
Black looseleaf notebook with note reading: "General notebook of Morris R. Mitchell at Glen Maples" (Putney, Vt.) #03832, Subseries: "2.9. Volumes, 1913-1971." Box 31
Brown notebook containing notes about a study tour to Mexico, probably December-January 1963 #03832, Subseries: "2.9. Volumes, 1913-1971." Box 31
Dissertation by Bart Sobel titled "Morris Mitchell: Prophet of World Education," 1971 #03832, Subseries: "2.9. Volumes, 1913-1971." Box 31
Book titled World Education: Revolutionary Concept (1967) by Morris R. Mitchell #03832, Subseries: "2.9. Volumes, 1913-1971." Box 31
Daily calendars, 1952, 1954-1956, 1961, 1962, 1964, 1966-1971 #03832, Subseries: "2.9. Volumes, 1913-1971." Box 32-33
Calendars for 1954, 1956, 1961, 1962, 1964, and 1971 have only scattered entries about Mitchell's agenda. Calendars for 1952, 1955, and 1969 have frequent entries. Almost daily entries appear for 1966. For 1967, there are no entries between January and July, followed by frequent entries from August to December. For 1970, there are frequent entries from January to July, but few for the rest of the year
Image Folder PF-3832/1-9
Included are childhood, early adulthood, and World War I portraits and snapshots
Grace Anne (one photograph, 1935); Randolph (five photographs, 1946-1961); Nancy (five photographs, 1960s); Mary (seven photographs, 1957-1960s).
Includes one of the children from Mitchell's first marriage (1937) and 23 of the children from his second marriage (1946 through the 1950s). There is only one family portrait (includes Barbara but not Morris R. Mitchell). The remainder of the pictures are snapshots of the children or of the children with either Barbara or Mitchell.
Includes a 1920 portrait of Mitchell's sister Mary and one snapshot of S. B. T. Easterling, long-time principal of the Ellerbe Colored School in Ellerbe, N.C.
Group photos include pictures of Mitchell's grandfather, John A. Broadus; his parents, Samuel Chiles and Alice Mitchell; his brothers Broadus, George, and Terry; his sister Mary; and Mary's husband, George Clifford. Also included is a photograph of Mitchell's first in-laws, Mr. and Mrs. Frederick T. Gates.
Includes pictures of childhood and adult friends and their children.
Locations where Mitchell or his family lived and taught through the 1920s #03832, Series: "3. Photographs." PF-3832/1-9
Includes a mounted photograph of the Professor's Residence at Richmond College; one photograph of Locust Grove in Charlottesville, Va.; one photograph each of the Frederick T. Gates homes in Haffersen, N.C., and Montclair, N.J.; two exterior views and one interior view of Mitchell's home in Marston, N.C. (Roslyn); and three photographs of the principal's residence at Ellerbe High School. Also included are pictures of the Ellerbe elementary and high schools and a picture of downtown Ellerbe.
Sixteen photographs of Mitchell's Clarkesville, Ga., home, White Pines, including pictures of the house and surrounding land; five pictures of Glen Maples, Mitchell's Putney, Vt., home; one photograph of Harrow Hill, where Mitchell lived, circa 1963-1965.
Includes three pictures taken on a camping trip Mitchell made in 1913.
Arranged as follows: unidentified family pictures, other unidentified individuals and groups, unidentified scenes.
|Photograph Album PA-3832/1|
Accession Information: Accession 102061 (Addition of July 2014).
|Digital Folder DF-03832/1|
|Digital Folder DF-03832/2|
|Digital Folder DF-03832/3|
|Digital Folder DF-03832/4|
|Digital Folder DF-03832/5|
Accession Information: Accession 102498 (Addition of January 2016).
Children's sayings and stories, circa 1890s-1990s #03832, Subseries: "4.2 Children's sayings and stories, circa 1890s-1990s" Box 33
Materials gathered by Alice Broadus Mitchell (Morris Mitchell's mother), and Alice Armstrong Mitchell (wife of George Mitchell). Includes "The Children's Book," a compilation of children's sayings from 1898 to 1929, and stories as told to Ellen Armstrong Mitchell by her mother, Alice Armstrong Mitchell.
|Oversize Paper Folder OPF-3832/1|
|Oversize Image Folder OP-PF-3832/1|
Processed by: Karen Jackson and Jill Snider, 1973 and 1990
Encoded by: Roslyn Holdzkom, November 2006
Some materials from 1935 to 1937 returned to donor's family in 1995.
Materials in the 1975 addition have been ordered to reflect the arrangement of the original deposit.
Updated: May 2019; January 2021Back to Top