This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the Duplication Policy section for more information.
This collection was rehoused and a summary created with support from the National Endowment for the Humanities; this finding aid was created with support from NC ECHO.
|Size||9.5 feet of linear shelf space (approximately 5,000 items)|
|Abstract||Lennox Polk McLendon (1890-1968) was a white lawyer in Durham, N.C., and Greensboro, N.C.; a leading supporter of public higher education in North Carolina; and, in 1963-1964, chief counsel for the Senate committee investigation of Bobby Baker. The collection includes papers relating to McLendon's public service activities, especially his membership on the State Board of Higher Education, 1955-1962, including his involvement in plans for desegregation of the University of North Carolina. Also included are materials about McLendon's military career with United States troops in Mexico, 1916, and with the 113th Field Artillery, American Expeditionary Forces, 1917-1918; his law practice in Durham and Greensboro; his political activities; and the Senate investigation of Bobby Baker, including tape recordings (some transcribed) of oral diary entries that McLendon made during the course of the hearings. There also are letters from McLendon to his wife, Mary Lily Aycock McLendon; from McLendon and his brother Moran McLendon to their mother, Sarah Josephine Polk McLendon, during World War I; account books tracking investments and real estate; a diary kept at Myrtle Beach, 1967; an unpublished memoir describing growing up in Anson County, N.C., in the late 1890s and early 1900s; and biographical materials and photographs relating to the McLendon and Poe families. There are also materials relating to the life and career of McLendon's father-in-law, Charles Brantley Aycock (1859-1912), governor of North Carolina, 1901-1905, and other Aycock family members.|
|Creator||McLendon, Lennox Polk, 1890-1968.|
The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.
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|1890||Lennox Polk McLendon born in Wadesboro, N.C., to Walter J. McLendon and Sarah Josephine Polk McLendon|
|1910||Received Bachelor's degree in Agriculture from North Carolina State College, Raleigh, N.C.|
|1912||Received Bachelor's degree in Laws from the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, N.C.|
|1913-1914||Mayor of Chapel Hill, N.C., and graduate manager of athletics at the University of North Carolina.|
|1914-1933||Practiced law in Durham, N.C.; was a senior partner at McLendon and Hedrick, 1916-1933|
|1916||First lieutenant, United States Army, with General John J. Pershing in Mexico.|
|1916||Elected to North Carolina General Assembly from Durham County.|
|1917||Married Mary Lily Aycock, daughter of Charles Brantley Aycock and Cora Woodard Aycock. Their children were Mary Louise, Lennox Polk Junior, Charles Aycock, William Woodard, and John Aycock.|
|1918-1919||Captain, and later major, Battery C, 113th Field Artillery, American Expeditionary Force, France|
|1921-1925||Solicitor, 10th Judicial District|
|1931||Special prosecutor for the State of North Carolina in the prosecution of Colonel Luke Lea, banker, newspaper publisher, and former United States senator from Tennessee, for bank fraud, Asheville, N.C.|
|1932||Manager, J. C. B. Ehringhaus's gubernatorial campaign|
|1932-1936||Chairman, State Board of Elections|
|1933-1968||Practiced law in Greensboro, N.C,|
|1939-1955||Member, Board of Trustees, Consolidated University of North Carolina|
|1949-1956||President, Medical Foundation of North Carolina|
|1955-1962||Served on State Board for Higher Education; vice-chairman, 1955-1959; chairman, 1959-1962|
|1961-1962||Member, Governor's Commission on Education Beyond the High School (Carlyle Commission)|
|1963-1964||Chief Counsel for United States Senate Rules Committee investigation of Bobby Baker|
|1968||Died, Greensboro, N.C.|
The collection includes papers relating to Lennox Polk McLendon's public service activities, especially his membership on the State Board of Higher Education, 1955- 1962, including his involvement in plans for desegregation of the University of North Carolina. Also included are materials about McLendon's military career with United States troops in Mexico, 1916, and with the 113th Field Artillery, American Expeditionary Forces, 1917-1918; his law practice in Durham and Greensboro; his political activities; and the Senate investigation of Bobby Baker, including tape recordings (some transcribed) of oral diary entries that McLendon made during the course of the hearings. There also are about 600 letters from McLendon to his wife, Mary Lily Aycock McLendon. Approximately 750 items relate to the life and career of McLendon's father-in-law, Charles Brantley Aycock (1859-1912), governor of North Carolina, 1901-1905.
The Addition of October 2019 includes biographical materials and photographs about Lennox Polk McLendon, Mary Aycock McLendon and their family; an unpublished memoir, "McLendons of Anson County," by Preston McLendon, describing growing up in Anson County, N.C., in the late 1890s and early 1900s; clippings, speeches, and letters relating to Major Lennox Polk McLendon's officer files and service on the State Board for Higher Education and as chief counsel for the U.S. Senate investigation of Bobby Baker; letters from McLendon to his wife, Mary Aycock McLendon, during his travels; letters from Lennox Polk McLendon and Moran McLendon to their mother, Sarah Josephine Polk McLendon, during World War I; account books tracking investments and real estate; a diary kept at Myrtle Beach, 1967; and materials relating to the death of Lennox Polk McLendon and Mary Aycock McLendon. There are also clippings and photographs relating to Charles Brantley Aycock, Clarence Poe, and other Aycock and Poe family members, and letters to Mary Aycock McLendon from Aycock family members.Back to Top
The bulk of the Lennox Polk McLendon correspondence begins in 1916 and deals primarily with McLendon's law practice and public service activities. Material, 1916-1918, concerns McLendon's military career both in the militia in Mexico in 1916 and with the American Expeditionary Force in France in World War I. There are also approximately 600 personal letters from McLendon to his wife. Most of the 1920s correspondence relates to McLendon's law practice in Durham, N.C. Similar correspondence continues to appear, although less frequently, through the 1930s. Approximately fifty items deal with McLendon's prosecution of Luke Lea, banker and former United States Senator from Tennessee, for bank fraud in 1931. Correspondence about Democratic party politics and state government in North Carolina begins in 1928 and continues through the 1930s. There is, however, no material relating to J. C. B. Ehringhaus's successful 1932 gubernatorial campaign which McLendon managed. Between 1932 and 1935 McLendon received a number of letters from various people seeking his assistance in obtaining state government jobs. In 1936 there are several letters from Clarence Poe, McLendon's brother-in-law, regarding the proposed revision of the North Carolina constitution. Items relating to North Carolina public schools also begin appearing in 1936.
Although there is scattered business and personal correspondence after 1940, material relating to McLendon's public service activities dominates the collection. Between 1941 and 1945 correspondence reflects McLendon's involvement with the Greensboro Community War Chest and other wartime projects, and his term as president of the University of North Carolina Alumni Association. In the 1950s and 1960s there is correspondence about plans for annual reunions of Battery C, 113th Field Artillery, American Expeditionary Force, which was McLendon's unit in World War I. The bulk of the post-1950 correspondence, however, deals with higher education in North Carolina, as McLendon served on the Board of Trustees of the Consolidated University of North Carolina, the State Board of Higher Education, the Medical Foundation of North Carolina, and the Governor's Commission on Education Beyond the High School. McLendon corresponded with William Carmichael, William Friday, Edward Kidder Graham, Frank Porter Graham, Gordon Gray, and others about proposed desegregation of state-supported colleges and universities in North Carolina, the medical and nursing schools at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, and administrative problems at UNC and the Woman's College, Greensboro, N.C. In 1955 much of the correspondence relates to the failure of the General Assembly to reappoint McLendon to the university's board of trustees. There is one folder of material McLendon collected about life in the Soviet Union, including information about agriculture, living conditions for Russian workers, and education.
Correspondence, 1955-1962, includes some material related to McLendon's service on the North Carolina State Board of Higher Education (SBHE). Correspondence for this period also includes a few personal letters, mostly from Clarence Poe; some material relating to McLendon's business affairs; correspondence about the Medical Foundation; and a few educational items not connected with the State Board of Higher Education. The SBHE material comprises both correspondence and other papers related to the board's business, including board meeting minutes, reports, budgets, enrollment statistics, and similar information collected by McLendon while he served on the Board. Correspondence, with other SBHE members, college and university administrators, and state officials, reflects the Board's interest in a wide range of issues affecting state-supported educational institutions in North Carolina including budges, enrollments, faculty salaries, housing, admission requirements, community colleges, nursing programs, and the teacher shortage. A large portion of the 1958 correspondence deals with a controversy between the trustess of the consolidated university over the limits of the Board's jurisdiction. There are a number of items, 1961-1962, relating to McLendon's participation on the Governor's Commission on Education Beyond High School, also known as the Carlyle Commission.
The remainder of the papers, 1963-1968, includes material relating to Richardshon Preyer's unsuccessful campaign for the Democratic gubernatorial nomination in 1964; items about Oak Ridge Military Institute, Oak Ridge, N.C.; and greeting cards. Most of the undated material consists of notes about politics and McLendon's law practice.
|Folder 1, 76-101|
|Folder 2, 99|
|Folder 4-5, 102|
Includes collected material about living conditions in the United Soviet Socialist Republic.
|Folder 59-75, 103-107|
|Folder 59-60, 108-121|
|Extra Oversize Paper Folder X-OPF-4044/1|
Legal papers include deeds, wills, depositions, court decisions and other material relating to the settlement of McLendon's parents' estate, his personal business affairs, and cases involving his clients. Also included are Articles of Incorporation for Greensboro Community Chest, 1925, and Greensboro Community War Chest, 1942.
|Extra Oversize Paper Folder X-OPF-4044/1|
Certificates, 1919-1966 and undated, include commissions, citations, awards, and membership cards. Printed material, 1912-1967 and undated, is composed of a variety of items, including programs and pamphlets. Programs are from a 1912 debate between the debating teams of the Univesity of North Carolina and Tulane University, commencement exercises, banquets, and meetings at which McLendon spoke. Pamphlets include a 1918 leaflet, "How to Stop the War," dropped by German planes over American encampments in France, reprints of articles and speeches by Paul F. Whitaker and D. Hiden Ramsey inscribed by the authors, and Wachovia Bank Annual Report, 1958. Newspaper clippings, 1916-1968 and undated, include obituaries, items about Lennox Polk McLendon, items about members of the McLendon family, and items about Clarence Poe.
|Extra Oversize Paper Folder X-OPF-4044/1|
Most of the material related to the Robert Gene Baker trial is printed, including transcripts of the Hearings Before the Committee on Rules and Administration, United States Senate, 88th Congress, Parts 1-27 and Report; H. R. 1035, introduced 16 April 1964, "A Bill to Establish a Commission on the Organization of the Congress;" and H. Con. Res. 288, introduced 16 April 1964, a concurrent resolution establishing a joint committee on ethics to draw up a Congressional Code of Ethics and investigate conflict-of-interest laws. There are also typed transcripts of McLendon's recorded diary entries, January-February 1964. One folder of miscellaneous material includes notes from magazine articles about the case and a copy of a student's research paper about the investigation. Finally, there are a few selected clippings, mostly editorials, about McLendon's role in the investigation.
Robert Gene Baker papers, 1964 #04044, Subseries: "1.4. Robert Gene (Bobby) Baker Materials, 1964." Folder 174-211
Includes House and Senate resolutions and hearing transcripts.
Speeches and speech notes include addresses by Lennox Polk McLendon and others, including J. C. B. Ehringhaus, 1930; Frank Porter Graham, 1951 and 1965; Fred Cole, 1957; William H. Cartwright, 1957; Gordon W. Blackwell, 1958 and 1959; Paul A. Johnston, 1958; and Luther Hodges, 1959. Many of the speeches are political or patriotic, and after 1950 many of them concern education. There is one speech, 1951, about Charles Brantley Aycock; one, undated, about Josephus Daniels; and two about legal problems: "The Relationship Between a Lawyer and His Client," 1958; and "Constitutional Aspects of Congressional Investigations as Illustrated by the Bobby Baker Case," 1965.
Includes correspondence and notes about the Aycock, Bishop, Branch, Caraway, Cox, Liles, McLendon, Polk, Stanton, Williams, and Woodard families. The 1792 item is a deed of a tract of land in Wayne County, N.C., from Thomas Woodward to John Barden. Much of the correspondence is between Lennox Polk McLendon and various other family members about the sale and distribution of Rosalind McLendon Redfearn's book McLendons of Anson County. Redfearn, who was McLendon's sister, died before the book was finished. McLendon completed it and had it published.
Volume 4: Diary, Lennox Polk McLendon, 1916 #04044, Subseries: "1.7. Volumes, 1911-1960 and undated." Folder 299
Diary kept by McLendon while he was with General Pershing's expedition into Mexico.
Volume 19: "Report to North Carolina Board of Higher Education by Engelhardt, Engelhardt, Leggett, and Cornell," 1958 #04044, Subseries: "1.7. Volumes, 1911-1960 and undated." Folder 310-320
Includes projected college enrollments in North Carolina, 1958-1970, and surveys of conditions at eight North Carolina colleges.
Volume 20: North Carolina Board of Higher Education Biennial Report, 1957-1959 #04044, Subseries: "1.7. Volumes, 1911-1960 and undated." Folder 321
Includes annotations by Lennox Polk McLendon
Volume 21: North Carolina Historical Review, 1960 #04044, Subseries: "1.7. Volumes, 1911-1960 and undated." Folder 322
Features several articles about Charles Brantley Aycock. Annotated.
Diary entries of Lennox Polk McLendon originally recorded on DictaBelts during the Congressional investigation of Robert Gene (Bobby) Baker.
Includes mostly unidentified and undated photographs of members of the McLendon, Aycock, and Woodard families and others. Most are studio portraits, with a few pictures taken at meetings and banquets.
Image Folder PF-4044/1-6
Acquisitions Information: Accession 103734
Photographs of McLendon and Aycock family members.
|Image Box 1|
Acquisitions Information: Accession 103734
The addition includes biographical materials about Lennox Polk McLendon, Mary Aycock McLendon and their family; an unpublished memoir, "McLendons of Anson County," by Preston McLendon, describing growing up in Anson County, N.C., in the late 1890s and early 1900s; clippings, speeches, and letters relating to Major Lennox Polk McLendon's officer files and service on the State Board for Higher Education and as chief counsel for the U.S. Senate investigation of Bobby Baker; letters from McLendon to his wife, Mary Aycock McLendon, during his travels; letters from Lennox Polk McLendon and Moran McLendon to their mother, Sarah Josephine Polk McLendon, during World War I; account books tracking investments and real estate; a diary kept at Myrtle Beach, 1967; and materials relating to the death of Lennox Polk McLendon and Mary Aycock McLendon.
Lennox Polk McLendon and Mary Aycock McLendon family #04044, Series: "1A. Lennox Polk McLendon Papers, 1890s-1982 (Addition of October 2019)." Box 16
Family history, photocopies of "Muff and Major" McLendon photograph album.
|Digital Folder DF-04044/1|
Officer files, 1950s #04044, Series: "1A. Lennox Polk McLendon Papers, 1890s-1982 (Addition of October 2019)." Box 16
Speeches, letters, clippings; includes mention of new University of North Carolina hospital in Chapel Hill, N.C.
Officer files, 1960s #04044, Series: "1A. Lennox Polk McLendon Papers, 1890s-1982 (Addition of October 2019)." Box 16
Speeches, letters, clippings.
Chief counsel for U.S. Senate investigation of Bobby Baker, 1963-1964 #04044, Series: "1A. Lennox Polk McLendon Papers, 1890s-1982 (Addition of October 2019)." Box 16
Biographical materials #04044, Series: "1A. Lennox Polk McLendon Papers, 1890s-1982 (Addition of October 2019)." Box 16
School, legal practice
Letters: Lennox Polk McLendon to Sarah Josephine Polk McLendon (Morven, N.C.), 1918 #04044, Series: "1A. Lennox Polk McLendon Papers, 1890s-1982 (Addition of October 2019)." Box 16
World War I.
Letters: Moran McLendon to Sarah Josephine Polk McLendon (Morven, N.C.), 1918 #04044, Series: "1A. Lennox Polk McLendon Papers, 1890s-1982 (Addition of October 2019)." Box 16
World War I.
Lennox Polk McLendon's death, 1968 #04044, Series: "1A. Lennox Polk McLendon Papers, 1890s-1982 (Addition of October 2019)." Box 16
Letters, telegrams, tributes.
Material, 1813 and 1875-1912, includes deeds, accounts, guardianship papers, leases, and correspondence relating to Aycock's law practice in Goldsboro, N.C. There are also tax bills and receipts and other personal financial affairs of Aycock's widow, Cora Woodard Aycock, and also includes letters from her son, Charles Brantley Aycock in Europe, 1927-1929.
Much of the correspondence, 1912-1960, deals with Aycock, Aycock memorials, and the restoration of the Aycock birthplace. Correspondents include Christopher Crittenden, Josephus Daniels, and Richard Sawyer of Raleigh, Oliver Orr of Chapel Hill, N.C., B. G. Thompson of Goldsboro, N.C., and Dr. Hiden Ramsey of Asheville, N.C. Most of the letters, however, are from Clarence Poe, Aycock's son-in-law.
Printed material includes programs from dedication ceremonies for Aycock memorials in 1929 and 1932 and for the restored Aycock birthplace, 1 November 1959. Also included is a pamphlet, "The Life and Services of Charles Brantley Aycock...Tributes Delivered at Joint Session of House and Senate, General Assembly of 1951, by Clyde R. Hoey and Frank Porter Graham," and two issues of Carolina Comments, July and November 1955, which contain articles about the Aycock birthplace. Newspaper clippings are arranged by decade. A few cancelled checks are also included.
|Oversize Image Folder OP-PF-4044/1|
Acquisitions Information: Accession 103734
Chiefly clippings relating to Charles Brantley Aycock, Clarence Poe, and other Aycock and Poe family members. There are also letters to Mary Aycock McLendon from Aycock family members.
Processed by: SHC Staff
Encoded by: Noah Huffman, December 2007
Revisions by: Kate Stratton and Jodi Berkowitz, February 2010; Nancy Kaiser, October 2019
This collection was rehoused and a summary created with support from the National Endowment for the Humanities.
This finding aid was created with support from NC ECHO.
Since August 2017, we have added ethnic and racial identities for individuals and families represented in collections. To determine identity, we rely on self-identification; other information supplied to the repository by collection creators or sources; public records, press accounts, and secondary sources; and contextual information in the collection materials. Omissions of ethnic and racial identities in finding aids created or updated after August 2017 are an indication of insufficient information to make an educated guess or an individual's preference for identity information to be excluded from description. When we have misidentified, please let us know at firstname.lastname@example.org.Back to Top