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Collection Number: 04301

Collection Title: A. L. M. Wiggins Papers, 1932-1980

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the Duplication Policy section for more information.

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Size 5.0 feet of linear shelf space (approximately 2000 items)
Abstract Archibald Lee Manning Wiggins of Hartsville, S.C., was a businessman; banker and, in 1943, president of the American Bankers Association; undersecretary of the U.S. Treasury, 1947-1948; in the 1950s, chairman of the board of the Atlantic Coast Line Railroad and the Louisville and Nashville Railroad and director of the American Telephone and Telegraph Company; and an officer and active participant in many charitable and educational organizations. Correspondence, speeches and articles by Wiggins, and other materials relating to Wiggins's work with the Atlantic Coast Line and Louisville and Nashville railroads, 1948-1962; the American Telephone and Telegraph Company, 1948-1952; the American Bankers Association, 1938-1953; the National Society for Crippled Children, 1950s; the Horace Williams Philosophical Society, 1946-1947; and other organizations.
Creator Wiggins, A. L. M. (Archibald Lee Manning), 1891-
Curatorial Unit University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Southern Historical Collection.
Language English
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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Information For Users

Restrictions to Access
No restrictions. Open for research.
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the A. L. M. Wiggins papers #4301, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Acquisitions Information
Received from Joseph L. Wiggins of Hartsville, S.C., in March 1982 and from the University of Louisville in August (Acc. 92123) and September (Acc. 92137) 1992, and May 1993 (Acc. 93056).
Gift of the Ekstrom Library, University of Louisville, in August 1992.
Gift of the Ekstrom Library, University of Louisville, in September 1992.
Gift of the Ekstrom Library, University of Louisville, in May 1993.
Sensitive Materials Statement
Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, the North Carolina Public Records Act (N.C.G.S. § 132 1 et seq.), and Article 7 of the North Carolina State Personnel Act (Privacy of State Employee Personnel Records, N.C.G.S. § 126-22 et seq.). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill assumes no responsibility.
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Processed by: Benjamin H. Trask, July 1987 and subsequent additions

Encoded by: ByteManagers Inc., 2008

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subject Headings

The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.

Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Biographical Information

Archibald Lee Manning Wiggins (1891-1981) was born in Durham, North Carolina, the son of Archie Lee and Margaret London Council Wiggins. In 1913, he graduated from the University of North Carolina. Two years later he married Pauline Lawton of Hartsville, South Carolina. The Wiggins family settled in Hartsville where Lee Wiggins began a business partnership with David R. Coker (1870-1933). Coker developed the Pedigreed Seed Company with the assistance of Wiggins (see The Encyclopedia of Southern History, 1979). By 1938, Wiggins had served as treasurer and business manager of the company, as well as general manager of J. L. Coker & Company, and organizer of Coker's Wholesale Company.

In addition to his ties with Coker, Wiggins held several positions with the Bank of Hartsville and purchased a publishing company that published The Hartsville Messenger. Wiggins also served as president of the Southern Retail Merchants Conference in Richmond. During the Depression, he was president of the South Carolina Independent Merchants Association, the South Carolina Bankers Association, and the South Carolina Federation of Commerce, Agriculture and Industry. He was also a member of the Federal Reserve Council and chairman of the Deposit Liquidation Committee for South Carolina.

In 1941, Wiggins started a seventeen-year tenure as a lecturer at the Graduate School of Banking at Rutgers University. Two years later, he was elected president of the American Bankers Association. From 1942 until 1960, Wiggins was a member of the A.B.A.'s committee on governmental borrowing. Shortly after World War II, Wiggins severed all business connections and resigned from his numerous positions to become undersecretary of the United States Treasury, an office he held from January 1947 until July 1948. Wiggins returned to private business as the chairman of the Board of Directors of the Atlantic Coast Line Railroad and Louisville and Nashville Railroad Companies, and director of the American Telephone and Telegraph Company. At the age of seventy, Wiggins retired from the railroad post but continued to fill various advisory roles.

Throughout his life, Wiggins dedicated much of his time, money, and financial expertise to a variety of charities and public service organizations, including the American Cancer Society, the American Red Cross, and state and national crippled children societies. He was greatly concerned with the quality of ducation in the South, donating money to his alma mater, serving as chairman of the Darlington County Board of Education from 1934 to 1942, chairing the South Carolina governor's task force on education, and holding membership in the Horace Williams Society.

For all of Wiggins's accomplishments and contributions he received a wealth of awards and honorary degrees. In 1940, he earned a certificate for distinguised service to agriculture from the Clemson Agricultural College (Clemson University). Coker College of South Carolina presented him with the Algernon Sydney Award. Additionally, he accepted honorary degrees from Campbell College, Duke University, and the Universities of North Carolina and South Carolina. Finally, in 1971, he was inducted into the Wisdom Hall of Fame.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Scope and Content

Over half of these papers are items received or generated by A. L. M. Wiggins, 1935-1960. This material includes letters, notes, reports, newspaper clippings, telegrams, and speeches concerning various business and governmental pursuits of Wiggins. Almost all the letters written by Wiggins are typed carbon copies. Along with his many corporate interests, this collection contains material on the development of the South Carolina educational system, crippled children societies, donations to the University of North Carolina, and membership in the Horace Williams Society.

This collection does not have any material related to Wiggin's early life in North Carolina, at the University of North Carolina, or as a young businessman in Hartsville, South Carolina. There are very few letters from family members, and no information concerning his involvement with the American Cancer Society or the American Red Cross. Also, the collection holds nothing covering his role as an educator at Rutgers University, and few items concerning his position as undersecretary of the Treasury.

Along with this group of materials housed at the Southern Historical Collection, other papers of A. L. M. Wiggins are held at the Hartsville, South Carolina Historical Society and the University of Louisville's collection of Louisville & Nashville Railroad Records. Further information on Wiggins may be found in his autobiography titled the Autobiography of A. Lee M. Wiggins (Columbia, S.C.: R. L. Bryan Co., circa 1969).

Materials relating to the Atlantic Coast Line Railroad and other ventures. Also personal correspondence.

Albemarle Papers Manufacturing Company, 1956

ALICO Land Development Corporation, 1962 (2 folders)

American Bankers Association, 1948-1954

American Telephone and Telegraph, 1954-1957 (5 folders)

Atlantic Coast Line Railroad

Hartsville Office, 1953-1955

New building, 1958-1960

Miscellaneous (2 folders)

Atlantic Land and Improvement Company, 1951-1958 (3 folders)

Carolina Power and Light Company, 1958

Kingsport, Tenn., 1951-1952

Lawton, Joe and Edgar, 1948-1957

Peninsula and Occidental Steamship Company, 1949-1958

Personal Correspondence, 1952-1953 (2 folders)

Public Relations, 1958 (2 folders)

South Carolina Governor's Tax Advisory Committee, 1951-1955 (8 folders)

South Carolina Reorganization Committee, 1948-1954

United States Chamber of Commerce, 1949-195

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Contents list

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 1. Business and Financial Papers, 1938-1961.

About 800 items.

See also addition of August 1992.

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 1.1. American Telephone and Telegraph Papers, 1950-1952.

About 175 items.

Arrangement: chronological.

Chiefly correspondence between senior officials of the company in New York City and Wiggins in Hartsville, South Carolina, and minutes of the meetings of the Board of Directors. Discussion topics include confidential letters related to stockholders' meetings and employee management relations. Among the noteworthy persons writing to Wiggins are Carroll Owen Bickelhaupt (1888 1954), Cleo F. Craig, Hal Stephens Dumas (b. 1914), Arthur C. Flatto, and Sealand Whitney Landon (b. 1896).

Folder 1-4

Folder 1

Folder 2

Folder 3

Folder 4


Folder 5-8

Folder 5

Folder 6

Folder 7

Folder 8


Folder 9-12

Folder 9

Folder 10

Folder 11

Folder 12


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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 1.2. Transportation Papers, 1948-1962.

About 550 items

Arrangement: chronological.

Mostly correspondence generated by Wiggins and other top officials of the Louisville and Nashville Railroad and Atlantic Coast Line Railroad Companies. Other correspondence concerns the Transportation Association of America and the Standard and Poors Corporation's assessment of the railway industry. The bulk of this material discusses stock options, profits and losses, the outlook of railroad companies in America, arrangements for meetings, distribution of free transportation passes to business officials, reports on operations, and a dinner in honor of Wiggins.

Some of the noteworthy correspondencts are: Donald Deans Conn (1894-1954), Robert Vedden Fleming (1890-1967), James Spencer Love (1896-1962), Thomas J. Groom (1899-1963), Percival Huntington Whaley (1880-1963), John Ringling North (b. 1903), Henry O. Havemeyer (1876-1965), John E. Tilford, Buford Scott, William Hersey Kendall (b. 1910), Harold Holmes Helm (b. 1900), Albert Carleton, Jr. (1902-1963), and Robert Edward McNeill, Jr. (b. 1906).

Folder 13

1948 (Railroads)

Folder 14

1948-1951 (Transportation Assoc. of America)

Folder 15

1949-1956, 1960 (Standards and Poor's)

Folder 16

1949 (Railroads)

Folder 17

1950-1951 (Railroads)

Folder 18

1952 (Railroads)

Folder 19

1952-1954 (Transportation Assoc. of America)

Folder 20

1953 (Railroads)

Folder 21-23

Folder 21

Folder 22

Folder 23

1954 (Railroads)

Folder 24

1955 (Railroads)

Folder 25-27

Folder 25

Folder 26

Folder 27

1956 (Railroads)

Folder 28

1957 (Railroads)

Folder 29

1958-1959 (Railroads)

Folder 30-34

Folder 30

Folder 31

Folder 32

Folder 33

Folder 34


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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 1.3. Banking Papers, 1938-1943, 1948-1953.

About 75 items.

Arrangement: chronological.

Mainly correspondence of A. L. M. Wiggins during his tenure as president of the American Bankers Association and his continued participation in that organization. The activities discussed include campaign literature from candidates running for offices in the A.B.A., publication of banking articles, travel plans, and the political positions of the A.B.A. concerning Federal legislation. Prominent correspondents include Eugene Christian Zorn, Jr. (b. 1916), Everett D. Resse (b. 1898), and Harold Stonier (1890-1957).

Folder 35


Folder 36


Folder 37


Folder 38-39

Folder 38

Folder 39


Folder 40


Folder 41


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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 2. Education and Philanthropic Papers, 1946-1979.

About 870 items.

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 2.1. Crippled Children Societies Papers, 1956-1958, 1975.

About 425 items.

Arrangement: chronological.

Correspondence and reports concerning Wiggins's involvement in the South Carolina and National Crippled Children and Adults Societies. Other correspondence is from related organizations discussing international cooperation. This material covers fund raising, building construction, and meetings. Notable correspondents include Edgar Kobak (1895-1962), Lawrence J. Linck (b. 1908), William Thomas Sanger, George Bell Timmerman, Jr., and Dean Winn Roberts (b. 1914).

Folder 42


Folder 43-49

Folder 43

Folder 44

Folder 45

Folder 46

Folder 47

Folder 48

Folder 49


Folder 50-57

Folder 50

Folder 51

Folder 52

Folder 53

Folder 54

Folder 55

Folder 56

Folder 57


Folder 58

1950, 1975

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 2.2. Horace Williams Society, 1946-1977.

About 150 items.

Arrangement: chronological.

Chiefly correspondence between Wiggins and Otho B. Ross, Sr., Floyd Miller, and J. Maryon "Spike" Saunders, concerning the Horace William Society. These letters discuss arrangement of meetings, membership, and publication of articles on Horace Williams.

Folder 59


Folder 60


Folder 61

1960, 1967

Folder 62-63

Folder 62

Folder 63


Folder 64


Folder 65


Folder 66-67

Folder 66

Folder 67


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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 2.3. Education Papers, 1936, 1951-1980.

About 225 items.

Arrangement: chronological.

Chiefly correspondence and newspaper clippings concerning Wiggins's support for student aid in South Carolina, higher education, and the General Alumni Association and Business Foundation at UNC. The South Carolina items mention the Fiscal Survey Commission and its impact on education, the 1962 State Advisory Commission on Higher Education, North Greenville Junior College, and South Carolina Student Aid Funds, Inc. The UNC material concerns financial contributions, business-education relations, the Order of the Golden Fleece, and the UNC Class of 1913. Notables in this subseries include William Brantley Aycock, Preston H. Epps, Fenton Keyes (b. 1915), Robert B. House, and Thomas Best, Jr.

Folder 68

1936, 1951-1955 (UNC)

Folder 69

1956-1959 (UNC)

Folder 70

1960-1961 (UNC)

Folder 71

1978-1980 (UNC)

Folder 72

1955-1956 (S.C. Colleges & Fiscal Survey Comm.)

Folder 73

1961-1963 (South Carolina Education)

Folder 74

1961-1962, 1971-1972 (N. Greenville Junior College/S. C. Junior Colleges)

Folder 75

1962 (South Carolina Student Aid)

Folder 76

1963-1964 (South Carolina Student Aid)

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 2.4. Other Papers, 1952-1979.

About 70 items.

Arrangement: chronological.

An assortment of letters touching on a variety of Wiggins's scholarly, financial, philanthropic, and religious interests. these items include material on a South Carolina task force to explore revenue problems, research foundations, and charities. The letters discussing the Harry S. Truman Scholarship Fund are from John Wesley Snyder (b. 1895), former U. S. Secretary of the Treasury.

Folder 77

1952-1955 (The Research Institute)

Folder 78

1954-1956 (Task Force 8)

Folder 79

1956 (Highway Dept/Task Force)

Folder 80

1974-1976 (Christian Action Council)

Folder 81

1975 (C. N. Davis Nursing Home)

Folder 82

1978-1979 (George C. Marshall Foundation)

Folder 83

1979 (Harry S. Truman Scholarship Fund)

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 3. Speeches and Articles, 1932-1970 undated.

About 200 items

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 3.1. Banking and Finance, 1932-1961.

Approximately 100 items.

Arrangement: chronological.

Chiefly speeches presented by Wiggins in his capacities as a banker, head of the South Carolina and National ABA, advisor to the Federal Government, and undersecretary of the Treasury. In addition, there are a few related articles about or by Wiggins. These lectures and articles discuss banking during wartime, interest rates, the impact of new legislation, economic deterrents to growth, and the influence of the economy on the banking industry. Requests for copies of some of these speeches may be found in folder 119.

Folder 84


Folder 85-86

Folder 85

Folder 86


Folder 87


Folder 88-89

Folder 88

Folder 89


Folder 90-92

Folder 90

Folder 91

Folder 92


Folder 93


Folder 94


Folder 95


Folder 96


Folder 97


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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 3.2. Other Speeches and Articles, 1935-1970, undated.

About 100 items.

Arrangement: chronological.

A variety of speeches and articles presented by Wiggins on issues in education, philosophy, religion, agriculture, charities, railroads, and politics. Many speeches relate particularly to the South, especially South Carolina and Hartsville. Requests for copies of some of these speeches may be found in folder 119.

Folder 98

1935-1939 (The South)

Folder 99

1940-1959 (The South)

Folder 100

1960-1964 (The South)

Folder 101

1977, n.d. (The South)

Folder 102

1955 (Crippled Children Societies)

Folder 103

1952-1967 (Philosophy and Religion)

Folder 104

1937-1949 (Education)

Folder 105

1952-1959 (Education)

Folder 106

1961-1963 (Education)

Folder 107

1964-1971 (Education)

Folder 108

1949-1957 (Transportation)

Folder 109

1944-1946 (Agriculture)

Folder 110

1941-1944 (Human Rights)

Folder 111

1945-1949 (Human Rights)

Folder 112

1938, 1970, undated (Political)

Folder 113-117

Folder 113

Folder 114

Folder 115

Folder 116

Folder 117

Undated (Miscellaneous Speech Notes)

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 4. Other Papers, 1932-1979.

About 80 items.

Arrangement: chronological.

An assortment of letters, interviews, newspaper clippings, carbon copies of correspondence, photographs, and reports covering politics, the Wisdom Hall of Fame, the U. S. Treasury, and personal matters. Many of the personal letters are requests for speeches. Political items discuss support for Franklin D. Roosevelt. Correspondents of the political papers include Sam Rayburn (1882-1961), and James Francis Byrnes (b. 1879).

Folder 118

1891-1981 (Biographical Items and Photographs)

Folder 119

1949-1954, 1978-1979 (Personal Papers)

Folder 120

1932 (Political Papers)

Folder 121-122

Folder 121

Folder 122

1936 (Political Papers)

Folder 123

1937-1938 (Political Papers)

Folder 124

1948 (U. S. Treasury Dept.)

Folder 125

1971, 1975 (Wisdom Hall of Fame)

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Addition of August 1992 (Acc. 92123).

Box 3-4

Box 3

Box 4


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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Addition of September 1992 (Acc. 92137).

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Addition of May 1993 (Acc. 93056).

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Photographs

Image Folder PF-4301/1


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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Items Separated

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