This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the Duplication Policy section for more information.
|Size||15.0 feet of linear shelf space (approximately 4400 items)|
|Abstract||Family correspondence, business Papers, student notebooks, photographs, and other materials of members of the Little family of Richmond County, N.C., especially of children and grandchildren of John Phillips (circa 1827-1899) and Fanny Myers (b. circa 1833) Little. These Papers, chiefly 1884-1956, document at least three generations of Little family members. Papers record such activities as cotton ginning, timber business, education, World War I (including letters from soldiers), daily family life, and many other activities, including William Little's service with the U.S. Consulate in Honduras, 1894-1896. Correspondence includes letters of prominent individual family members, including William Myers Little (b. 1867), Emma Ray Little, Ann Elizabeth Leak Little (b. 1885), Rosa Leak Little (b. 1890), and Calvin Myers Little (1892-1982). Financial and legal papers chiefly document land ownership, estates, and business ventures. Miscellaneous papers include genealogical information, school and military Papers, writings and printed material by or about family members, and other items. Volumes comprise the bulk of the collection. They fall into three catagories--business, school-related, and other volumes. Most of the volumes relate to the Little's cotton ginning and timber operations; the school volumes document the educational pursuits of nearly all of the children of Calvin M. and Alice Leak Little.|
|Creator||Little (Family : Richmond County, N.C.)|
|Curatorial Unit||University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Southern Historical Collection.|
Processed by: Jane H. Odom, July 1985
Encoded by: ByteManagers Inc., 2008
Revised by: Dawne Howard Lucas, February 2022Back to Top
The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.
Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.
This line of the Little family is descended from Thomas Little of England who came to the United States around 1808, settling first in South Carolina and later moving to the Mangum section of upper Richmond County, North Carolina. His son, John Phillips Little, was born in 1827.
John first married Sarah Ann Covington; they had two children--Thomas Hunter (d. 1899) and Benjamin Franklin (circa 1852-1901). Around 1853, John married Fanny Myers Little (b. 1832). Together, they had eleven children--John Phillips, Calvin Myers, Albert Johnston, Adeline Haliburton, Julian Hampton, William Myers, Emma Ray, Fanny, Laura Glenn, and two others whose names are unknown.
John Phillips Little served as a captain in the Confederacy and lived until 1905; Fanny Myers Little died in 1924. Their son, Calvin, married Alice Leak in 1884. They settled in Wadesboro, North Carolina, and had six children--Ann Elizabeth (Lila) Leak, Fanny Myers, Alice Leak, Rosa Leak, James Augustus Leak, and Calvin Myers.
Of the children of John and Fanny Little the following is known. Calvin Myers Little (b. 1860), a cotton buyer for Heath Company of Wadesboro(?), NC, and his wife Alice Leak (b. 1862) both died young--Calvin in 1897, Alice in 1893--leaving behind six children. These children were raised by their grandparents and possibly by their uncle Julian.
Albert (Abbie) Johnston Little (1861-1946) and his nephews Calvin and James were responsible for the cotton ginning and timber operations at Little's Mill (the family homeplace) in Richmond County, North Carolina, during the early to mid 1900s. From around 1887 until the turn of the century, Albert Johnston Little served as a judge in the area. Julian Little (1865-1955) was educated at the University of North Carolina in 1888, worked for a cotton company for several years, and later became vice president and subsequently president of Charlotte (NC) National Bank. He ultimately became president of Independence Corporation, a lending institution in Charlotte. Julian and his sister Emma shared an interest in the timber operation at Little's Mill. William Myers Little (b. 1867) graduated from the University of North Carolina with an undergraduate degree in 1888 and a law degree in 1891. He taught for several years and later practiced law in Charlotte. In 1894, he received was appointed to a consular position in Honduras, and served in this capacity for two years. He was also literary editor of The Charlotte Observer for a number of years.
Emma Little (fl. circa 1870-1950) graduated from the New York Polyclinic Medical School and Hospital in 1903 with a nursing degree and gained practical experience at Watts Hospital in Durham, North Carolina, and George Washington University Hospital in Washington, DC. She furthered her education by attending Greensboro (NC) Normal College (circa 1912-1914) and travelled to France to attend the Universite de Paris in 1914. Eventually, John, Jr., Julian, and Fanny (Turner) came to settle in Charlotte; Addie, William, and Laura in Atlanta; and Abbie and Emma in Richmond County.
Of the children of Calvin Myers and Alice Leak Little, Lila (b. 1885), Alice (1888-1970), and Rosa (b. 1890), all attended Salem Academy and College in Winston-Salem at some time during the first two decades of the twentieth century. Alice graduated from Shorter College in Rome, Georgia, probably around 1910. James Leak Little (1891-1973) was educated at the University of North Carolina, served in World War I in France, and in World War II under General Douglas McArthur in the Rainbow Division. Rosa Leak Little (b. 1890) worked in Washington, DC, during World War I for the War Department and, at some point, for a congressman. Rosa and James were the only two of Calvin and Alice's children marry--James married Kathleen (?) in 1945; they had child. Rosa married Lynwood L. Jackson, a veteran of World War I and later an electrical contractor; they settled in Miami, Florida.
Calvin Myers Little, Jr. (1892-1984) served in World War I in the American Expeditionary Forces in France. He was trained at Fort Oglethorpe, Georgia, and stationed at Camp Jackson in Columbia (SC), Camp St. Sulpice in France, and aboard the USS Mercury. He achieved the rank of second lieutenant in the Infantry Division.Back to Top
These papers document at least three generations of Little family members, primarily covering the dates 1884-1956. This family, located in and around Richmond County, North Carolina, retained correspondence, financial and legal Papers, miscellaneous Papers, volumes, and pictures that record such activities as a cotton ginning operation, a timber business, educational pursuits, World War I, daily family life, and many other activities.
Five subseries of the correspondence series consist of letters of prominent individual family members. Financial and legal papers chiefly document land ownership, estates, and business ventures of the family. Miscellaneous papers include genealogical information, school and military Papers, writings and printed material by or about the family, and other items.
The volumes comprise the bulk of the collection. They fall into three categories--business, school-related, and other volumes. The business volumes, which make up the bulk of the series, include information on the Littles's cotton ginning and timber operations; the school volumes document the educational pursuits of nearly all of the children of Calvin M. and Alice Leak Little. More than half of the pictures are photographs of John Phillips and Fanny Myers Little and three generations of their descendants. Other pictures include photographs of possibly family friends, many unidentified individuals and scenes, scenes from Little's Mill, postcard collections, and several hundred negatives.
Because the collection had little or no order when received, series and subseries divisions were imposed during processing. This imposed order has sometimes resulting in the possibility that correspondence of a family member named in a subseries may also be found in the "other correspondence" subseries.Back to Top
Letters from family members to William Little at the University of North Carolina, mainly concerning routine family matters. Several letters mention a John Hopkins scholarship he was awarded but declined to use.
Letters from family members, particularly brothers and sisters, about routine family matters. Some letters express opposition to Emma's pending trip to France. Several letters from her brother Julian discuss the timber business and their interest in it. Letters from friends are personal in nature, occasionally mentioning job possibilities.
Letters from friends and family to Lila while at school in Winston-Salem, North Carolina, concerning personal matters. Undated letters are almost all notes from friends at school.
Letters from family and friends, again concerning personal matters. A few letters from offices of members of Congress discussing the possibility of employment with them.
Letters dated 1917-1918 to his sister Rosa concerning conditions in France and Germany during World War I. Also included are some military documents, such as leaves and special orders from commanding officers. Letters to Calvin are from his friend C. P. Stewart concerning life in France and correspondence from the U. S. Veterans Bureau, chiefly concerning life insurance matters.
Chiefly correspondence between family members and friends concerning routine matters. In a letter dated 18 August 1863 from A. Myers (sister-in-law(?) of Fannie Myers Little) to her son, the writer expresses feelings about how the Civil War has affected the family and concern that her son may have been injured in the Battle of Gettysburg. Another letter, dated 23 April 1864, is to Fannie (?) Myers from her brother Pat, who was being held in a federal prison in Ohio. Letters dated 1895-1898 were chiefly written to family members by William Little while he was serving in Honduras. Correspondence, 1917-1918, concerns Calvin Little's military engagement in France. Also included is one folder of letters written in French to Emma and Calvin Little and two folders of fragmented letters.
This series includes deeds and land grants tracing the Little's ownership of land in Richmond County, North Carolina. Also included are wills and final estate accounts of numerous members of the Little family; bills, receipts, mortgages, promissory notes, and tax records; and records showing stock and certificate ownership and trading. There is some business correspondence belonging to Calvin M. Little and a few records document cotton ginning and sales, lumber sales, and general farm expenses.
Arrangement: by type.
Included are genealogical materials of the Little family; papers relating to William M. Little's Honduran consulate position, 1894-1896; news clippings mainly of weddings and deaths of family members; and school-related materials of Emma Little as well as compositions written by various family members and several oversize diplomas. The World War I materials include notes made by Calvin M. Little, poetry, duty rosters, orders, and certificates. A few poems and compositions, probably written by Little family members, are also included. Other material includes property maps and drawings (many of which are oversize), certificates, invitations, playbills, and other ephemera.
|Oversize Paper Folder OPF-4396/1b||
Includes property maps and drawings, certificates, and literary reviews
|Extra Oversize Paper Folder XOPF-4396/1a||
Includes property maps and drawings
Arrangement: by type.
This series consists chiefly of business-related volumes (most with over-lapping dates) recording cotton ginning information such as amount of cotton picked and sold, cotton weights, and occasionally the amount stored in warehouses. Also occasionally entered in these volumes is the amount of timber cut and information on fertilizers. Many of the volumes record "credit sales" to workers. Others record workers names, amount of time worked, and amount of cotton picked and baled by each worker. The volumes belonged to A.J. (Albert J?) Little, Calvin M. Little, James L. Little, and possibly others. They deal with operations in Richmond and Montgomery counties. Approximately half of the business volumes originally received were retained.
Many school-related volumes are included, documenting the educational pursuits of Little family members in the late 1800s to the early 1900s. Other volumes include a diary kept by Rosa Little, A.J. Little's Justice's Docket, and volumes of news clippings and writings.
Arrangement: by category.
About 690 black and white and a few color photographs, over 100 picture postcards, and several hundred negatives of the Little family, relatives, and friends. Over half of these photos are of members and relatives of the family. The remainder of the collection includes photos of identified, partially identified, and, most often, unidentified people, perhaps friends of the family; several unidentified special format images; identified, partially identified, and unidentified scenes; postcard collections of several family members; and approximately 400 negatives of family photographs (few corresponding to prints).
Arrangement is by category as noted below. Images within each family member grouping are chronological. Postcards are in much the same order as they were in the albums before being dismantled during processing. Negatives are unnumbered, and the few that correspond to prints are unmatched.
Rosa Leak Little from childhood to adulthood.Early photos include Rosa at age 10, another picturing her in graduation regalia (Salem College, 1908), and a formal portrait (possibly a wedding portrait). Photos of Rosa Leak Little with friends, her husband Jack, children, and others, mostly unidentified. Numerous snapshots of outings and trips; social gatherings; and a variety of other occasions. Two large photos show Rosa and other employees of the War Department in Washington, DC in 1917. A few turn-of-the-century photos taken by Farrell & Edwards of Winston-Salem, NC. circa 1900-1970
Calvin Myers Little from childhood through service in World War I. Includes one cabinet card of Calvin at age two, several photos taken at Little's Mill of Calvin as a young boy, and numerous pictures of Calvin Little and other unidentified servicemen during World War I. A photostatic copy of Calvin in uniform is also included. circa 1894-1920.
Members and relatives of the Little Family. Chiefly partially identified group photos of previously pictured individuals, and photos of James A. L. Little, Fanny Myers Little, Adeline H. Little, James A. Little, Jr., and others. Included are several cabinet cards. Identified photographers include Van Ness of Charlotte, NC, and Rochelle of High Point, NC. circa 1894-1920.
Identified or partially identified individuals alone and occasionally in groups. Included are numerous snapshots of children, several photos of servicemen, and many portraits of individuals. Identified photographers include Farrell & Edwards and Leary, of Winston-Salem, NC; Carrington, Thomas & Co. of Charleston, SC; O. J. Rader(?) of Charlotte; Alderman's Studio and L. W. Andrews of Greensboro, NC; and Johnson of Durham, NC. circa 1900-1970
|Special Format Image SF-P-4396/432|
|Special Format Image SF-P-4396/433|
|Special Format Image SF-P-4396/434|
|Special Format Image SF-P-4396/435|
|Special Format Image SF-P-4396/436|
Unidentified individuals alone and in groups. Included are numerous snapshots, mounted albumen prints, and portraits of children, servicemen, and others, probably family friends. Most are posed rather than candid shots, often in rural settings, a few on the beach, and in numerous other settings. Identified photographers include Alderman and the Eutsler Studio of Greensboro, NC; Van Ness of Charlotte, NC; Watson of Raleigh, NC; Leary of Winston-Salem, NC; Cole & Holladay of Durham and Winston-Salem, NC; Anderson of Charlestown, SC; and W. W. Washburn of New Orleans, LA. circa 1900-1960.
|Extra Oversize Image Folder XOP-PF-4396/1a||
Includes P-4396/19-20, P-4396/38, P-4396/215A-215B, P-4396/215B, P-4396/354-355, P-4396/430-431
|Photograph Album PA-4396/1||
Postcard album of Alice Little (dismantled during processing) including postcards sent to Alice Little at Shorter College in Rome, GA, Little's Mill, and Salem Female Academy in Winston-Salem, NC. A few postcards were sent to other family members and probably collected by Alice Little. The postcards originate from Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, Virginia, Tennessee, New York, Pennsylvania, Massachusetts, New Jersey, Maine, the District of Columbia, Little's Mill, and numerous other locations in North Carolina. 1906-1908.
|Photograph Album PA-4396/2||
Postcard album of Rosa Little (dismantled during processing) including postcards sent to Rosa at Little's Mill and Salem Female Academy in Winston-Salem, NC. A few postcards were sent to other family members and probably collected by Rosa Little. The postcards originate from Louisiana, Alabama, Georgia, Tennessee, Virginia, the District of Columbia, New Jersey, New York, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Maine, Canada, France, and North Carolina. 1906-1909.
|Image Folder PF-4396/74|