Collection Number: 04474-z

Collection Title: Concord Steam Cotton Factory Records, 1839-1902

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the Duplication Policy section for more information.


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Size 5 items
Abstract The Concord Steam Cotton Factory, also referred to as the Concord Manufacturing Company, was organized by Paul Barringer and others in Concord, N.C., in 1836. It produced cotton yarn, shirting, and nails. It was succeeded in 1879 by the Odell Manufacturing Company, which went out of business in 1907. The collection contains an 1856 letter to stockholders, acts of incorporation, records of stocks and property, minutes of meetings of the board of directors and general stockholders for the Concord Steam Cotton Factory, minutes of stockholders' meetings for the Odell Manufacturing Company, and related items.
Creator Concord Steam Cotton Factory (Concord, N.C.)
Language English
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Restrictions to Access
No restrictions. Open for research.
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the Concord Steam Cotton Factory Records #4474-z, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Acquisitions Information
Received from John K. P. Odell through the Charles A. Cannon Memorial Library of Concord, N.C., in October 1986 and March 1988 and from Clarence Horton in February 2015 (Acc. 86167, 88088, and 102163).
Sensitive Materials Statement
Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, the North Carolina Public Records Act (N.C.G.S. § 132 1 et seq.), and Article 7 of the North Carolina State Personnel Act (Privacy of State Employee Personnel Records, N.C.G.S. § 126-22 et seq.). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill assumes no responsibility.
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The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.

Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.

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The Concord Steam Cotton Factory, also referred to as the Concord Manufacturing Company, was organized 16 February 1839 by a group of six entrepreneurs. General Paul Barringer served as the first president. Other notable founders included John T. Phifer, Daniel Moreau Barringer (1806-1873), and Robert Washington Allison (1809-1898). The business started with capital of $24,000 and 600 spindles shipped from Fishkill, N.Y. This was the first cotton mill on record in Cabarrus County, N.C.

William Jenks, a Pennsylvanian, was the mill's first mechanic, but was replaced by John McDonald, also from Pennsylvania, before operations actually began. By April 1842, the mill was in full operation, producing cotton yarn, shirting, and nails. A year later, the company paid its first dividend at three percent per share. In 1859, John McDonald took over the ownership and management of the mill. The factory remained in operation during the Civil War and supplied cloth for uniforms.

In 1879, John Milton Odell purchased the firm and, with financial backing from seven other stockholders, built the Odell Manufacturing Company on the same property. Odell was the president and major stockholder, and his son William was secretary- treasurer. The Odell Manufacturing Company operated until 1907, when, in the face of worsening economic conditions and declining profits, the firm went bankrupt. Most of the mill itself burned in August 1908.

Source: Gary Freeze, unpublished dissertation, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, and information supplied by the Charles A. Cannon Memorial Library.

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The collection contains an 1856 letter to stockholders, acts of incorporation, records of stocks and property, minutes of meetings of the board of directors and general stockholders for the Concord Steam Cotton Factory, minutes of stockholders' meetings for the Odell Manufacturing Company, and related items.

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Contents list

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Concord Steam Cotton Factory Records, 1839-1902.

Folder 1

Stockholders, 1856 #04474-z, Series: "Concord Steam Cotton Factory Records, 1839-1902." Folder 1

A list of stockholders with an accompanying column of figures that may represent dividends, and a letter to the stockholders from the president and directors of the Concord Manufacturing Company.

Folder 2

Volume 1, 1839-1861 #04474-z, Series: "Concord Steam Cotton Factory Records, 1839-1902." Folder 2

161 pages, with pages 1-85 and 143-154 used to record information pertaining to the stockholders and board of directors. Included are acts of incorporation, meeting minutes for the board of directors and general stockholders, records of property, value reports, and records of stocks purchased and transferred.

Folder 3

Volume 2, 10 January 1879-16 January 1902 #04474-z, Series: "Concord Steam Cotton Factory Records, 1839-1902." Folder 3

Typed carbon copies of the minutes of Odell Manufacturing Company stockholders' meetings.

Folder 4

Volume 3, 16 February 1839-30 April 1861 #04474-z, Series: "Concord Steam Cotton Factory Records, 1839-1902." Folder 4

Acquisition Information: Accession 102163 received (Addition of February 2015).

Concord Manufacturing Company original director’s book.

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Processing Information

Processed by: Benjamin H. Trask, January 1987; Roslyn Holdzkom, October 1988

Updated: March 2019

Encoded by: ByteManagers Inc., 2008

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