Collection Number: 04481

Collection Title: Frank Arthur Daniels Papers, 1894-1985.

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the Duplication Policy section for more information.

This collection was processed with support from the Randleigh Foundation Trust.

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Size 6.5 feet of linear shelf space (approximately 4,000 items)
Abstract Publisher of the Raleigh, N.C., "News and Observer"; civic leader in Raleigh, N.C.; son of Adelaide Worth Bagley and Josephus Daniels, founder of the "News and Observer," secretary of the Navy, and U.S. Ambassador to Mexico. Correspondence, reference material, financial and legal Papers, clippings, pictures, and other material documenting the business, civic, and personal life of Frank Arthur Daniels and the experience of his father, Josephus Daniels, as U.S. Ambassador to Mexico. Most of the material about Frank Daniels dates from the early 1970s and relates to his business and civic activities. The operation of the "News and Observer," the activities of the News and Observer Foundation, and Daniels's service on the Rex Hospital board of trustees are among the most important topics. The material that relates to Josephus Daniels's service as U.S. Ambassador to Mexico consists primarily of "letter-diaries" that he sent to his family. These missives report on social activities of the diplomatic corps and describe people and places in Mexico, but only occasionally refer to Daniels's official duties as ambassador.
Creator Daniels, Frank Arthur, 1904-1986.
Curatorial Unit University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Southern Historical Collection.
Language English
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Restrictions to Access
No restrictions. Open for research.
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the Frank Arthur Daniels Papers #4481, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Acquisitions Information
Received from Frank Arthur Daniels, Jr., of Raleigh, N.C., in 1987.
Sensitive Materials Statement
Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, the North Carolina Public Records Act (N.C.G.S. § 132 1 et seq.), and Article 7 of the North Carolina State Personnel Act (Privacy of State Employee Personnel Records, N.C.G.S. § 126-22 et seq.). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill assumes no responsibility.
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Processed by: Linda Sellars, August 1987; Revised by: Suzanne Ruffing, March 1996

Encoded by: ByteManagers Inc., 2008

This collection was processed with support from the Randleigh Foundation Trust.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subject Headings

The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.

Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Biographical Information

The fourth son of Adelaide Worth Bagley and Josephus Daniels was born 8 June 1904 and was named for his father's older brother, Frank Arthur Daniels. Josephus Daniels was editor of the Raleigh News and Observer; secretary of the Navy, 1913-1921; and United States Ambassador to Mexico, 1933-1941.

Frank Daniels received an A.B. degree from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in 1927. He married Ruth Aunspaugh on 20 November 1929. They had two children: Frank Arthur Daniels, Jr., born 7 September 1931, and Patricia (Patsy) Bagley Daniels (Mrs. Robert M. Woronoff), born 21 July 1933.

Frank Daniels made his career with the News and Observer, beginning in the pressroom. According to the News and Observer of 6 May 1986, Daniels was made treasurer in 1937, general manager in 1942, president in 1956, publisher in 1966, and chairman of the board in 1970. (Note: Who's Who in the South and Southwest, 1969-1970, gives a different set of dates: treasurer, 1932-1956; general manager, 1942- ; president, 1956-; publisher, News and Observer and Raleigh Times.) He was active in professional organizations, serving as a member of the board of directors of the Associated Press; president of the North Carolina Publishers Association, 1948-1949; president of the Southern Newspaper Publishers Association, 1951; a director of the American Newspaper Publishers Association, 1955-1964; and treasurer of the American Newspaper Publishers Association, 1963-1964.

In addition to his business activities, Daniels was involved in many civic activities. He was a member of the board of trustees of Rex Hospital in Raleigh from 1937 until 1968 and was chairman for the last eighteen of those years. He was president of the Raleigh Community Chest and chairman of the group that organized the United Fund in Raleigh. From 1948 to 1956, Daniels was chairman of the North Carolina Board of Public Welfare. From 1956 to 1957, he was a member of the North Carolina Tax Study Commission. He was also a trustee of the consolidated University of North Carolina and a member of the executive committee of the Research Triangle Institute.

Frank Daniels died in Raleigh, North Carolina, on 5 May 1986.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Scope and Content

This collection contains correspondence, reference material, financial and legal Papers, clippings, pictures, and other material that document the business, civic, and personal life of Frank Arthur Daniels and the experience of his father, Josephus Daniels, as United States Ambassador to Mexico. Most of the material about Frank Daniels dates from the early 1970s and has to do with his business and civic activities. The operation of the News and Observer, the activities of the News and Observer Foundation, and Daniels's service on the Rex Hospital Board of Trustees are among the most important topics. This material is filed mainly in Series 2.

The material that relates to Josephus Daniels's service as United States Ambassador to Mexico consists primarily of "letter-diaries" that he sent to his family. These missives describe people and places in Mexico, but only occasionally refer to Daniels's work as ambassador. Most of this material is in Series 1. Almost all of the material in Subseries 4.1 concerns Josephus Daniels.

The file titles and order established by Frank Daniels were retained in the subject files in Series 2. The remainder of the material was loose when received at the Southern Historical Collection

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Contents list

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series Quick Links

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 1. Correspondence, 1894-1985.

About 1200 items.

Arrangement: chronological.

Chiefly letters of Josephus Daniels and Adelaide Worth (Bagley) Daniels to their son Frank and to Frank's wife and children. There is also some other Daniels family correspondence. Most of the correspondence dates from the years 1933-1941 when Josephus Daniels was United States Ambassador to Mexico. These letters were in envelopes when received at the Southern Historical Collection and were arranged in chronological order during processing. There is also correspondence in Series 2; that correspondence remains in the files in which Frank Daniels placed it.

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 1894-1932.

A few letters from the years before Josephus Daniels went to Mexico City as ambassador. The earliest is a copy of a letter Josephus sent in 1894 to 100 Democrats asking each to invest $100 in the News and Observer. Letters in 1916 and 1917 from Josephus and Addie to their 12- and 13-year-old son, Frank, give advice on behavior, family news, and family plans. Three letters from 1919 describe Josephus and Addie's trip to Paris and Rome. There is a 1931 letter from A. Mitchell Palmer to Josephus asking for an autographed letter to put in his copy of Daniels's Life of Wilson. Also in that year, there are letters about an eastern park-to-park highway. In 1932, letters from Addie to her sons in Raleigh describe their father's condition after an accident in Atlanta.

Folder 1

1894, 1916-1917

Folder 2


Folder 3


Folder 4


Folder 5


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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 1933-1941.

Mostly letters from Josephus Daniels to his son Frank, with some letters from Josephus to Frank's wife, Ruth Aunspaugh Daniels, and to Frank's children, Frank, Jr., and Patricia, and letters from Addie Worth Daniels to Frank's family. Some letters are addressed to "Dear Boys" or "Dear Children" and were apparently intended for all three of the Daniels's sons who lived in Raleigh--Josephus, Jr., Jonathan, and Frank--and sometimes for their families as well.

Much of the correspondence consists of carbon copies of typed "diary-letters" that Josephus Daniels wrote while in Mexico and sent to his family about once a week. (Note: the originals of these diary-letters may be in the Josephus Daniels Papers in the Library of Congress.) The diary described for his family the people and places Josephus encountered in Mexico. Only occasionally did it tell anything about his work as ambassador. The diary did reflect Josephus's interest in understanding the Mexican Revolution, in Mexican feeling toward the United States, in the church-state controversy in Mexico, in education, and in agrarian reform.

In the diary entries he sent to his children, Josephus always described the Daniels's social engagements in Mexico City--luncheons, dinners, and teas given and attended. He mentioned many of their better known guests, but seldom told anything of substance about them. He also described the Daniels's visits to other parts of Mexico--to Cuernavaca, Oaxaca, Nogales, Mazatlan, Veracruz, Cozumel, and other places.

Josephus referred to his duties as ambassador only on rare occasions. In August 1933, he reported that he had succeeded in reorganizing the American Embassy, Consulate, and Commercial Attache into one agency. In October 1933 and April 1934, he remarked that negotiating a settlement of American claims arising from the Mexican Revolution took a great deal of his time. On 17 August 1934, he sent a letter describing President Rodriguez of Mexico to President Roosevelt. On 26 October 1934, he sent Roosevelt another letter explaining the church-state controversy in Mexico. He sent copies of these letters to his children with his diaries. Throughout 1938, 1939, and 1940, Josephus wrote in his diary about the difficulty of settling the oil problem and the Mexican expropriation of land owned by American oil companies.

Throughout his tenure in Mexico, but especially in the early years, Josephus pursued an understanding of the Mexican Revolution and the reforms that flowed from it. He reported many conversations in which he questioned people who had been involved in the Revolution about their motives and about what had really happened in the Revolution. He was also interested in learning how Mexicans felt about Woodrow Wilson's policy toward Mexico. As he travelled in Mexico, he reported on the social and economic changes that had come to Mexico since the Revolution. He was especially interested in relations between church and state, in education, and in agrarian reform.

Most of the letters that Josephus wrote in addition to the diary were short and concerned personal matters or the business of the News and Observer. In these letters, Josephus sometimes commented on North Carolina politics and, in 1936, speculated on the possibility that he might run for the United States Senate that year. Occasionally he sent news items about himself or Mrs. Daniels or copies of his correspondence with Franklin Roosevelt. There are also letters from Addie Daniels to Frank and his family.

Also included are letters written by Frank Daniels in the summer of 1935 to his wife Ruth while she and their children were at St. Simon's Island, Georgia, during a polio epidemic in Raleigh. Frank also wrote to Ruth in the summer of 1937 when she and the children were at Lake Junaluska with his mother, Addie Daniels.

Folder 6-15

Folder 6

Folder 7

Folder 8

Folder 9

Folder 10

Folder 11

Folder 12

Folder 13

Folder 14

Folder 15


Folder 16-28

Folder 16

Folder 17

Folder 18

Folder 19

Folder 20

Folder 21

Folder 22

Folder 23

Folder 24

Folder 25

Folder 26

Folder 27

Folder 28


Folder 29-38

Folder 29

Folder 30

Folder 31

Folder 32

Folder 33

Folder 34

Folder 35

Folder 36

Folder 37

Folder 38


Folder 39-52

Folder 39

Folder 40

Folder 41

Folder 42

Folder 43

Folder 44

Folder 45

Folder 46

Folder 47

Folder 48

Folder 49

Folder 50

Folder 51

Folder 52


Folder 53-62

Folder 53

Folder 54

Folder 55

Folder 56

Folder 57

Folder 58

Folder 59

Folder 60

Folder 61

Folder 62


Folder 63-72

Folder 63

Folder 64

Folder 65

Folder 66

Folder 67

Folder 68

Folder 69

Folder 70

Folder 71

Folder 72


Folder 73-80

Folder 73

Folder 74

Folder 75

Folder 76

Folder 77

Folder 78

Folder 79

Folder 80


Folder 81-89

Folder 81

Folder 82

Folder 83

Folder 84

Folder 85

Folder 86

Folder 87

Folder 88

Folder 89


Folder 90-98

Folder 90

Folder 91

Folder 92

Folder 93

Folder 94

Folder 95

Folder 96

Folder 97

Folder 98


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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 1942-1985 and undated.

Scattered family letters after Josephus and Addie Daniels returned to Raleigh from Mexico. There are letters of sympathy on Addie's death in December 1943 and a letter from Josephus to Frank in 1944 about the christening of the ship Addie Bagley Daniels.

The letters in the 1950s, in 1970, and in 1985 are letters of the Frank Daniels family, including a group of letters to Ruth and Frank Daniels when they were on a trip to Europe and a group of letters of sympathy to Frank after Ruth's death in 1985.

Folder 99


Folder 100


Folder 101


Folder 102


Folder 103


Folder 104


Folder 105


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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 2. Subject Files, 1958-1976.

About 2000 items.

Arrangement: alphabetical by file title, then roughly chronological.

Correspondence and reference materials concerning Frank Daniels's business and civic activities. The majority of this material dates from the early 1970s. Some of it pertains to the operation of the News and Observer; more relates to Daniels' contributions to charities and civic organizations, his service on the boards of directors of local businesses and organizations, and the operation of the Josephus Daniels Charitable Foundation (later the News and Observer Foundation). Family and business correspondence with his brothers, Jonathan and Worth Daniels, is filed under "Daniels, Frank." Within each subject, material is arranged roughly in chronological order. These files were established and titled by Frank Daniels.

Folder 106-107

Folder 106

Folder 107


Folder 108-109

Folder 108

Folder 109

American Newspapers Publishers Association (ANPA)

Folder 110

ANPA Research Institute

Folder 111

Associated Press

Folder 112-113

Folder 112

Folder 113


Folder 114


Folder 115

Branham Scholarship

Folder 116

Business Luncheons

Folder 117


Folder 118-119

Folder 118

Folder 119


Folder 120-131

Folder 120

Folder 121

Folder 122

Folder 123

Folder 124

Folder 125

Folder 126

Folder 127

Folder 128

Folder 129

Folder 130

Folder 131


Folder 132

Coosa River Letters

Folder 133

Cox Newsprint

Folder 134-159

Folder 134

Folder 135

Folder 136

Folder 137

Folder 138

Folder 139

Folder 140

Folder 141

Folder 142

Folder 143

Folder 144

Folder 145

Folder 146

Folder 147

Folder 148

Folder 149

Folder 150

Folder 151

Folder 152

Folder 153

Folder 154

Folder 155

Folder 156

Folder 157

Folder 158

Folder 159

Daniels, Frank

Folder 160

Daniels, Jonathan--Biography

Folder 161

Daniels, Josephus--Biography

Folder 162-163

Folder 162

Folder 163

Daniels, Worth

Folder 164

Demurrage Bills

Folder 165

Employees' Retirement Fund

Folder 166-169

Folder 166

Folder 167

Folder 168

Folder 169

"Family Affairs"

Folder 170-174

Folder 170

Folder 171

Folder 172

Folder 173

Folder 174


Folder 175

Great Northern

Folder 176

Inman, Tom--Biography

Folder 177


Folder 178-179

Folder 178

Folder 179

International Paper

Folder 180-181

Folder 180

Folder 181


Folder 182


Folder 183


Folder 184-194

Folder 184

Folder 185

Folder 186

Folder 187

Folder 188

Folder 189

Folder 190

Folder 191

Folder 192

Folder 193

Folder 194

Miscellaneous Correspondence

Folder 195

Nash Square

Folder 196-198

Folder 196

Folder 197

Folder 198


Folder 199

NC Press Association

Folder 200

News & Observer Biography

Folder 201-205

Folder 201

Folder 202

Folder 203

Folder 204

Folder 205


Folder 206

Purchase Orders

Folder 207-221

Folder 207

Folder 208

Folder 209

Folder 210

Folder 211

Folder 212

Folder 213

Folder 214

Folder 215

Folder 216

Folder 217

Folder 218

Folder 219

Folder 220

Folder 221

Research Triangle

Folder 222-225

Folder 222

Folder 223

Folder 224

Folder 225

Rex Hospital

Folder 226-227

Folder 226

Folder 227


Folder 228-233

Folder 228

Folder 229

Folder 230

Folder 231

Folder 232

Folder 233

"The Scene" Libel Suit

Folder 234

Sheriff, Seymour

Folder 235-236

Folder 235

Folder 236

SNPA (Southern Newspaper Publishers Association)

Folder 237

Southern Letters

Folder 238

Southern Production Program

Folder 239


Folder 240

Telephone Bills

Folder 241

Urban League

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 3. Financial and Legal Papers, 1926-1946 and undated.

About 30 items.

Arrangement: chronological.

Financial and legal papers of Frank Arthur Daniels and the Daniels family. Items include tax bills and receipts, cancelled checks for taxes and charitable contributions, and other bills and papers. Of particular interest are the Articles of Incorporation of the News and Observer Publishing Company (1926) and a copy of Josephus Daniels's will (1946).

Folder 242


Folder 243


Folder 244


Folder 245


Folder 246


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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 4. Other Papers.

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 4.1. Clippings, 1926-1979 and undated.

About 200 items.

Arrangement: chronological.

News clippings about members of the Daniels family and their activities. Most of the clippings concern Josephus Daniels, especially his appointment as United States Ambassador to Mexico in March 1933 and his arrival in Mexico in April 1933.

Folder 247


Folder 248

March 1933

Folder 249

April 1933

Folder 250

May-December 1933

Folder 251


Folder 252


Folder 253


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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 4.2. Miscellaneous Papers, 1929-1965 and undated.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 5. Pictures, 1880s-1960s.

138 items.

Mostly black and white pictures of members of the Josephus Daniels family.

Image P-4481/1-3




Early photographs of Josephus Daniels taken in Petersburg, Virginia, and Wilson, North Carolina, circa 1880-1895.

Image P-4481/4-26
























Group photos of Josephus Daniels, while he served as the Secretary of the Navy, with Franklin D. Roosevelt (Undersecretary of the Navy), naval and marine officers, Addie Worth Bagley Daniels, President Woodrow Wilson, and Wilson's Cabinet members, General John J. Pershing, President Porras of Panama. circa 1916-920.

Image P-4481/27-30





Group photos of Josephus Daniels, while he served as the Secretary of the Navy, as the reviewing officer on board United States naval vessels. circa 1916-1920.

Image P-4481/31-36







Photos of Josephus Daniels, as the reviewing officer for dress parades, two of which were taken at the Great Lakes Training Station, Illinois, July 1920 (4481/31-32). circa 1916-1920.

Image P-4481/37

Photograph of a painting that may have been in Josephus Daniels's office.

Image P-4481/38

Photograph of an office, with a portrait of Josephus Daniels in the background.

Image P-4481/39-43






Josephus Daniels as reviewing officer, and decorating officers and men of the 2nd U. S. Division in Vallendan, Germany.

Image P-4481/44-45



Photographs of Josephus Daniels and Franklin D. Roosevelt.

Image P-4481/46-47



Josephus Daniels and King Albert of Belgium, circa October 1919.

Image P-4481/48-50




Josephus Daniels and staff officers in Brest, France, 1937.

Image P-4481/51-53




Josephus Daniels speaking in Brest, France, at the dedication of the monument to the American soldiers of World War I, 12 August 1937.

Image P-4481/54-59







Josephus Daniels and other dignitaries, including Senator Russell, Admiral Devin, and the Senator-Mayor of Brest at Brest, France, 12 August 1937.

Image P-4481/60-61



Josephus Daniels, the Senator-Mayor of Brest, and others on board a ship, August 1937.

Image P-4481/62-64




Photographs with Christmas greetings--Mr. and Mrs. Josephus Daniels at the American Embassy in Mexico, undated and 1940; cross in front of volcanoes Popocatepetl and Ixtaccihuatl, 1939.

Image P-4481/65

Mrs. Josephus Daniels and Mrs. Rodriguez, wife of the president of Mexico, at the Castle of Chapultepec, 26 April 1933.

Image P-4481/66

Josephus Daniels standing in front of caricatures of himself.

Image P-4481/67-68



Josephus Daniels, October 1941.

Image P-4481/69-73






Josephus Daniels at United States Navy Pre-Flight School, Chapel Hill, North Carolina.

Image P-4481/74-81









Josephus Daniels.

Oversize Image OP-P-4481/82

Engraving of portrait of Josephus Daniels.

Oversize Image OP-P-4481/83

Photograph of Josephus Daniels by Robert Davis, 1935.

Image P-4481/84

Photograph of three boys in front of a bust of Josephus Daniels.

Image P-4481/85

Cloth picture of Josephus Daniels.

Image P-4481/86a

Mr. and Mrs. Josephus Daniels with Embassy staff and children, Christmas Day, 1934.

Image P-4481/86b

Mr. and Mrs. Josephus Daniels with four unidentified young men, undated.

Image P-4481/87

Mrs. Josephus Daniels, Nan Lockett, Mary Aguirre, and two others, May 1939.

Image P-4481/88-89



Josephus Daniels, Jr.

Image P-4481/90

Worth B. Daniels.

Image P-4481/91-98









Jonathan Worth Daniels.

Image P-4481/99-104







Jonathan Worth Daniels.

Image P-4481/105-110







Photographs of Jonathan Daniels with others including Eleanor Roosevelt, Ladybird Johnson, Paul Green, and John Fitzgerald Kennedy

Image P-4481/111

Bridal photograph of Ruth Aunspaugh (Daniels).

Image P-4481/112

Elizabeth Daniels Squire.

Image P-4481/113

"Adeleade" (possibly Jonathan Daniels's daughter Adelaide).

Image P-4481/114

Lucy Daniels.

Image P-4481/115

Mary Cleves Daniels.

Image P-4481/116

Worth B. Daniels, Frank A. Daniels, Jonathan Daniels.

Image P-4481/117

Group photograph of the sons of Josephus Daniels with their wives, children, and children's spouses.

Image P-4481/118

Jonathan Daniels family.

Image P-4481/119

Color photograph of Mr. and Mrs. Frank Daniels, Jr., and two children.

Image P-4481/120

Color photograph of Patsy Daniels Woronoff and four children.

Image P-4481/121

Color photograph of Mr. and Mrs. Frank Daniels, Jr., Patsy Daniels Woronoff, and six children.

Image P-4481/122

Color photograph of Frank Daniels, Sr., and six children.

Image P-4481/123

Governor John G. Richards of South Carolina operating steamshovel at groundbreaking for industrial city development at Calhoun Falls, South Carolina.

Image P-4481/124

Unidentified man with William Fox Sunshine Comedy Bathing Girls.

Image P-4481/125-127




Unidentified man, boy, and girl.

Image P-4481/128-129



Unidentified group.

Image P-4481/130

Worth B. Daniels, Josephus Daniels, Jr., Frank A. Daniels, Herbert North Jackson, Jonathan Daniels at Morehead City, North Carolina, 1911.

Image P-4481/131-132



House under construction, 1935.

Image P-4481/133

Coblentz from Ehrenbreitstein (1937?).

Image P-4481/134-136




Monuments and plaque to Confederate dead, Chicora Cemetery.

Image P-4481/137

Monument erected by the North Carolina Daughters of the American Revolution to mark Andrew Jackson's birthplace.

Image P-4481/138

"Lebannon," home of Eugene Smith. Known during Civil War as Farquard Smith home.

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