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This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the Duplication Policy section for more information.
|Size||About 3,300 items (8.0 linear feet)|
|Abstract||The Old Hickory Council of the Boy Scouts of America grew from a single troop organized at Fairview Moravian Church in Winston-Salem, N.C., in 1911. The council operated Camp Raven Knob beginning in the 1950s. The collection consists of records, beginning in 1912, of the Old Hickory Council of the Boy Scouts of America. Included are letters, meeting minutes, reports, financial materials, clippings, training materials, membership lists, photographs, newsletters, pamphlets, and other items. Documentation is uneven; for some years, there are many informative letters, reports, and other materials, while other years are represented by only a few relatively minor items. Some items relate to scouting activities during World War I and World War II; many items document the planning and operation of camping sites, especially, beginning in the 1950s, Camp Raven Knob. Also included are photocopies of two 1964 documents relating to integration of the Council's troops; a videotape version of a 1955 film about Camp Raven Knob; and two audiotaped interviews, 1976 and 1982, with scout leaders; two photographs of African-American scouts associated with Mount Zion Baptist Church, Winston-Salem, N.C., 1944-1950s; and a CD of photographs entitled "Wahissa and CRK Images Vol. 1, 1500+ Photos," 1970s-1990s.|
|Creator||Boy Scouts of America. Old Hickory Council.|
The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.
Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.
The Old Hickory Council of the Boy Scouts of America began in 1911 on the initiative of Ralph B. Tucker, who moved to Winston-Salem from Pennsylvania. He became assistant scoutmaster at a troop formed at his church, Fairview Moravian Church. R. R. Kinney was the scoutmaster. Troop 1 was joined by at least 16 other troops by 1918. A second-class council was formed to organize scout troops in 1917. The first-class council was organized in 1919 and a full-time Scout executive, Roy C. Flanagan, was hired. In 1922, the Winston-Salem Community Chest (later the United Way of Forsyth County) was organized and began to handle annual fund campaigns. In 1928, the council expanded its initial base of Winston-Salem and its suburbs by adding Ashe, Watauga, Alleghany, Wilkes, Surry, Yadkin, and Forsyth counties. By 1929, there were 40 troops with 649 scouts. The first black troops were organized at Wilkesboro and Winston-Salem and registered in January 1934. Cub Pack 10 at St. Paul's Episcopal Church became the Council's first cub scout pack on 31 December 1936.
In June 1938 came the chartering of a lodge of the Order of the Arrow, a national brotherhood of honor campers who pledge themselves to the service of others. It adopted the name Wahissa Lodge.
In 1941, it was decided that the Council should contain five fully organized districts and expand the professional and office staffs in order to serve the seven-county area. A new name, "Old Hickory," was suggested in honor of former president Andrew Jackson who once practiced law in the area. Stokes County joined the Council in 1942.
The Council changed its constitution and bylaws to become racially integrated in the mid-1960s. Camp Robert Vaughn was opened in 1963 for black youth agencies by the United Way of Forsyth County, and the Council had 101 camper weeks there as opposed to 1,263 at Raven Knob.
The Council's articles of incorporation and bylaws were revised in the early 1970s to allow women and youth on the executive board. In 1974, Forsyth's two white districts and one black district were consolidated into the Daniel Boone District.
A $2 million capital campaign for improvements and new construction at Camp Raven Knob met its goal in 1989. At the end of 1988, the council had 263 units with 8,222 youth.
In 1994, the Wautauga and New River Districts were consolidated as Wautauga and Ashe counties became the Blue Ridge District. A $3.2 million capital campaign was completed in 1996 and construction began on a Scouting Center as well as projects at Raven Knob.Back to Top
The collection consists of records, beginning in 1912, of the Old Hickory Council of the Boy Scouts of America. Included are letters, meeting minutes, reports, financial materials, clippings, training materials, membership lists, photographs, newsletters, pamphlets, and other items. Documentation is uneven; for some years, there are many informative letters, reports, and other materials, while other years are represented by only a few relatively minor items. Some items relate to scouting activities during World War I and World War II; many items document the planning and operation of camping sites, especially, beginning in the 1950s, Camp Raven Knob, N.C. Also included are photocopies of two 1964 documents relating to integration of the Council's troops; a videotape version of a 1955 film about Camp Raven Knob; and two audiotaped interviews, 1976 and 1982, with scout leaders; two photographs of African-American scouts associated with Mount Zion Baptist Church, Winston-Salem, N.C., 1944-1950s; and a CD of photographs entitled "Wahissa and CRK Images Vol. 1, 1500+ Photos," 1970s-1990s.Back to Top
Processing note: See also Additions of June 2001 and August 2001.
|1917-1918||Correspondence, administrative materials relating to recruiting scoutmasters and awarding service medals, troop membership lists, and other items. Many items relate to homefront war efforts, especially liberty loan drives. Included are emergency circulars from the Boys Scouts of America National Council Headquarters with titles like Failure of All to Work Together May Be Disastrous.|
|1919||Troop lists; materials relating to the savings stamp and victory loan campaigns; pamphlets, including The Boy Scout Scheme in a Nutshell; and other items.|
|1920||Troop lists, a letter from the U.S. Treasury Department about a local scout who received a presidential commendation for war work, and other items.|
|1923-1924||Many items relating to Community Chest contributions designated for the Old Hickory Council. There is also material on the Safe Brake Campaign of the Winston-Salem Automobile Club, including a request for scouts to act as ushers at a colored choral concert for delegates from the Pan American Road Congress.|
|1925||Community Chest materials and other items.|
|1926||Community Chest materials and other items.|
|1927||Community Chest materials and other items, including a brief outline of Old Hickory Council activities, January-May.|
|1928||Budget information, activity lists, administrative items relating to shifting and forming troops.|
|1929||Budget information, activity lists, and other items.|
|1930||Copy of telegram from the U.S. Children's Bureau requesting Community Chest statistics on expenditures in Winston-Salem for family relief and money spent on transients and homeless people and other items.|
|1931||Budget information, description of benefits of scouting, brochure on Alaska Totem Pole Expedition, and other items.|
|1932||Materials relating to Alaska Totem Pole Expedition, including recommendations for a trip applicant, and other items.|
|1933||Executive Committee minutes.|
|1934||Executive Committee minutes.|
|1935-1936||Clipping, 1935, from the Twin City Sentinel tracing the history of the Old Hickory Council and a 1936 program from Camp Lasater.|
|1937||Materials relating to Troop 40, a newly formed group composed largely of Appalachian State Teachers College students who had never participated in scouting before and other items.|
|1938||Materials relating to Troop 40 (the only college-sponsored troop in the U.S.); Camp Lasater information; a letter from a boy in New Orleans who was interested in airplanes, and other items.|
|1939-1940||1939 Camp Lasater newsletters (some photocopies); information about a 1939 cub scout program; a 1940 Eagle Scout award list; and other items.|
|1941||Meeting minutes; cub scout and merit badge information; Survey for Growth of the Winston-Salem Scout Council; and other items.|
|1942||Materials relating to war work; notes for a course in camping; and other items.|
|1943||Materials relating to the Neighborhood Commissioner Training Course and other items.|
|1944||Report of a drowning and rescue; air scouting interest list; and other items.|
|1945||Materials relating to various training courses; issues of the Info-Fo-U newsletter; and other items.|
|1946||Info-Fo-U newsletters and other materials.|
|1948||Book of scouting songs, cub scout information, and other items.|
|1949||Materials relating to Camp Devotion, a gift of Elizabeth Dillard Reynolds to the Old Hickory Council, including a preliminary study for camp layout (OP-4688/1); items relating to the Midvale Trainer Event, a National Boys Scouts of America training activity; and other items.|
|1950||Report of a leadership training committee; notes on the Marks of a Good Troop; materials on the National Crusade to Strengthen the Arm of Liberty; troop lists with break-outs by race, including a photocopy of the Boy Scout Perpetual Inventory (OP-4688/1); and materials relating to a controversy over the Mayor's Civic Betterment Committee report that charged the Old Hickory Council with favoring one section of Winston-Salem over others.|
|1951||Minutes, detailed membership statistics, committee rosters, and other items.|
|1952||Local Council Monthly Reports to Regional Office (these reports continue through the 1950s), Development Plan for Camp Devotion (OP-4688/3), and other items.|
|1954||Materials relating to a camporee at Raven Knob Park, a new camping site; set of Raven Knob boundary maps and drawings of lodges and other structures, created 1940-1954 (OP-4688/1) detailed fiscal reports (these continue through the 1950s); and other items.|
|1955||Materials relating to Raven Knob Scout Reservation; film (F-4688/1) and videotape (VT- 4688/1) versions of A Snapshot Album of Raven Knob, filmed 1-2 April 1955; and other items. About 50 items.|
|1956||Raven Knob materials, Hickory Chips newsletter, and other items.|
|1958||Monthly reports and financial statements.|
|1960||Jamboree programs and routine materials.|
|1961||Monthly finance statements and reports to the regional office, Executive Board minutes, and issues of Hickory Chips.|
|1962||Executive Board minutes; lists of council members; issues of Hickory Chips and White Oak News & Views; monthly finance statements and reports to the regional office.|
|1963||Minutes and memoranda regarding the camp long-range planning committee; monthly reports and financial statements; issues of Hickory Chips; and other items.|
|1964||Photocopies of two documents relating to the Committee on Integration, showing the current racial makeup of Old Hickory Council divisions and Various Degrees of Integration for Consideration; documents pertaining to white flight in eastern Winston-Salem.|
|1965||A 15 September memorandum by district executive Walter Wilson concerning the need to organize new groups of scouts in an area into which blacks had started to move; monthly reports and financial statements; November issue of Hickory Chips focusing on the connection between scouting and sponsoring churches; newspaper clippings on a weekend camporee.|
|1966||Lists of district and committee chairmen; issues of Hickory Chips and White Acorns.|
|1967||District membership numbers; annual budget; monthly reports.|
|1968||List of council officers; membership reports; correspondence indicating the retirement of Roscoe Stevens as Scout Executive and his replacement by Ted Kellogg; Long-Range Camping Committee Report; operating income and expense summaries; newspaper clipping about Silver Beaver Award winners.|
|1969||Camp Raven Knob job descriptions; United Fund budget; council board and officer nominations and officer list; calendar of events; the May issue of Hickory Chips noting the passing of Boy Scout Executive Board member and former U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower; June's executive board meeting minutes restating in detail its racial nondiscrimination policy and noting the passing of former board member James Harry White; a proposed 1970 budget; a memorandum outlining the employee benefits program.|
|1970||May executive board meeting minutes noting plans for constructing a lodge building at Camp Raven Knob for the Wahissa Lodge of the Order of the Arrow and discussion of meeting the deficit between what the United Fund would provide and what the board had requested; a memorandum from Roy Hinshaw to the executive board and advisory council reporting his attendance at the national council meeting in Denver in May and noting on the issue of getting a more representative membership that success was more likely when councils were willing to be flexible and use indigenous council employees and teamwork with other agencies. There is also a memorandum on the Non-Scout and Needy Scout Program at Camp Robert Vaughn in June and July.|
|1971||June executive board meeting minutes indicating a dropping off of membership and some discussion over whether quantity of members should be emphasized over the quality of the program offered.|
|1972||Memorandum outlining amounts needed to help fund improvement projects at Raven Knob. April board minutes noting improvements in membership and plans to use Raven Knob exclusively as the council's summer camp with Camp Robert Vaughn used for camporees, field events, training, and weekend camping. Memorandum on district organization and operation.|
|1973||A Jewish Religious Service for Scouts and Explorers pamphlet; 19 March letter from Forsyth County United Way expressing the desire to see changes in the utilization of Camp Robert Vaughn; council articles of incorporation and bylaws; executive board meeting minutes.|
|1974||Materials relating to the first annual pot-luck recognition dinner of the newly consolidated Daniel Boone district; a council reorganization study; invitation to the dedication ceremony of the Wahissa Lodge Order of the Arrow building and training center at Camp Raven Knob; 15 July minutes of the Steering Committee on District Realignment, which was charged with merging the three districts located in Forsyth County into one unified district; an organization structure chart of the new Daniel Boone district; memorandum concerning the council's first troop leader development camp; materials on Operation Reach, a program designed to encourage scouts to avoid illegal drug use.|
|1975||Transcript of interview with Kyle Norman, Raven Knob camp ranger from 1954 through 1969; program from the annual Scout-o-rama.|
|1976||A taped interview (T-4688/1), ca. 1976, with Stanley A. Harris of Boone, N.C. Harris was a national Boy Scouts of America official who worked to organize local councils in the 1910s and 1920s. He was also the first Director of Inter-Racial Scouting and worked to develop African-American scout troops in the 1920s, 1930s, and 1940s. Membership and unit status reports.|
|1977||Copy of a NC Youth Camp Safety Bill.|
|1978||Memorandum concerning the 25th anniversary of the Yadkinville troop; a proposal to develop a deferred giving program for the benefit of the council trust fund; minutes from the council's 60th anniversary celebration committee; Wallace Potts' letter of resignation as Scout Executive.|
|1979||Long-range plan; Southeast Region Fact Book; 7 June memorandum on ushering Wake Forest football and basketball games; Daniel Boone District meeting minutes; executive board meeting minutes.|
|1980||List of Jewish Relationships Literature and Scouting in Synagogues and Centers. Southeast Region Fact Book; youth membership statistics; council charter renewal application; executive board meeting minutes; Scout-o-rama program.|
|1981||Council planning calendar; September issue of Hickory Chips recounting the visit of King Gustal XVI of Sweden with the council's representatives at the National Scout Jamboree; Kiwanis memorandum on Scouting as a Spiritual Influence.|
|1982||Taped interview (T-4688/2) with Robert Bob Andrews, long-time local scout leader, 17 July 1982, in Sparta, N.C.; Order of the Arrow materials; newsletters; and other items.|
|1983||Minutes of the Council Name Change Committee; Raven Knob summer camp flyer; Order of the Arrow Wahissa Lodge's Selected Songs of the Ponca.|
|1984||Raven Knob Scout Reservation Trading Post Staff Manual and other items.|
|1985||National Standards for Scout Camps materials, Raven Knob Scout Reservation Staff Manual, letter relating to fun in camp that led to equipment damage, and other items.|
|1986||Items relating to Camp Raven Knob, publicity materials for British boy scouting, and other items.|
|1987||Issues of The Raven.|
|1988||Camp Raven Knob materials, including items relating to a 1988 $2 million capital campaign, and other items.|
|1989||Organizations That Use Scouting: Keys to Relationships; issues of The Raven.|
|1990||Issues of The Raven.|
|1991||Issues of The Raven; How Scouting Dollars Serve flyer.|
|1992||Eagle Scout Registry, 1927-1992 (OP-4688/1), organized by district; flyer describing the National Society of the Sons of the American Revolution; Eagle Scout Recognition and Scholarship Program; December issue of The Raven describing the Boy Scouts' loss of funding by Bank of America, Wells Fargo, Levi Strauss, and the San Francisco Bay Area United Way as a result of its not admitting homosexuals as scouts and leaders.|
|1993||February issue of The Raven reporting the annual popcorn sale as the most successful unit fund-raising event in council history.|
|1994||Camp Raven Knob materials, posters and other items from the Boy Scout Troop Promotion Kit; 26 July letter to the Camp Raven Knob trading post director expressing offense at a presidential caricature; and other items.|
|1995||Camp Raven Knob materials and other items.|
|1996||Camp Raven Knob materials and other items.|
|1997||Lists of executive board members and council members at large; executive board manual.|
|Undated||Description of unidentified parcel of land, family camping directory, brochures on in-school boy and girl scouting.|
Arrangement: alphabetical by subject.
The Stanley Harris folder contains biographical information on Harris, a 1928 "Report of the Committee on Inter-racial Activities of the Boys Scouts of America," and bulletins on interracial scouting in 1946 and 1947. Order of the Arrow materials document the activities of the honor group of scouts. The Silver Beaver Award is awarded to adult scouters who have given exceptional service to the organization over a number of years, and the applications for this award are a good source of biographical information about many individuals connected with scouting. The Vigil Honor rewards adults and youths who have given exceptional service to the council's summer camp and to the scouting program.
Processing note: See also Additions of June 2001 and August 2001.
Arrangement: chronological by media type.
Photographs, audiotapes, films, and a videotape concerning the personnel and activities of the Old Hickory Council.
P-4688/1: Photograph of Old Hickory Council President John M. Brown and Secretary Della Reich Matthews, ca. 1945 #04688, Series 3. Media, 1945-1996.,
P-4688/2: Photograph of Old Hickory Council Executive W. E. "Skipper" Vaughan-Lloyd, ca. 1950 #04688, Series 3. Media, 1945-1996.,
P-4688/10: Photograph of group at Camp Raven Knob wilderness camp, 1978 #04688, Series 3. Media, 1945-1996.,
P-4688/11: Photograph of Camp Raven Knob waterfront staff, 1979 #04688, Series 3. Media, 1945-1996.,
P-4688/12: Photograph of Camp Raven Knob troop leader training, 1980 #04688, Series 3. Media, 1945-1996.,
T-4688/1: Interview with Stanley A. Harris of Boone, N.C., ca. 1976 #04688, Series 3. Media, 1945-1996.,
Processing note: The additions of June 2001 (Acc. 98963) and August 2001 (Acc. 99045) have been combined and arranged in the same way as, but have not been incorporated into, the original deposit of materials.
Photocopies of historical articles relating to the history of the Old Hickory Council from various Winston-Salem, N.C., newspapers, 1912-1939; irregularly issued editions of "The Raven Knob Staff Newspostcard" from the summers of 1974 and 1975; a paper about the folklore of Camp Raven Knob, 1989; and editions of the monthly newspaper, The Raven, 1997-2001.
Two photographs of African-American Boy Scouts and other youth groups associated with the Mount Zion Baptist Church, Winston-Salem, N.C., 1940s and 1950s, and a compact disc containing scanned photographs of Boy Scouts from the Wahissa Lodge and Camp Raven Knob taken during the 1970s, 1980s, and 1990s.
|Digital Folder DF-04688/1||
Wahissa Lodge and Camp Raven Knob images, 1970s-1990s #04688, Subseries: "3. Media, 1944-1990s." DF-04688/1
Migrated from DCD-4688/1.
Items separated include audiotapes (T-4688), films (F-4688), oversize papers (OP-4688), photographs (P-4688), a videotape (VT-4688), a compact disc (DCD-4688), and digital foler (DF-0488/1).Back to Top
The additions of June 2001 (Acc.98963) and August 2001 (Acc. 99045) have been combined and arranged in the same way as, but have not been incorporated into, the original deposit of materials.
Finding aid updated for digital processing by Biff Hollingsworth and Laura Smith, July 2019.Back to Top