This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the Duplication Policy section for more information.
|Size||7.5 feet of linear shelf space (approximately 1000 items)|
|Abstract||Junius Irving Scales (1920-2002), native of Greensboro, N.C., and graduate of the University of North Carolina in Chapel Hill, was Communist Party chair for North and South Carolina, 1948-1956. Personal and political papers of Junius Scales, including Communist party Papers, a small amount of material about the Progressive Party (1948), personal correspondence, the proceedings of Scales's 1958 trial under the Smith Act, drafts of his two books, and other personal papers.|
|Creator||Scales, Junius Irving.|
|Curatorial Unit||University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Southern Historical Collection.|
Processed by: Adera Scheinker, August 1997
Encoded by: ByteManagers Inc., 2008
Updated by: Jodi Berkowitz, May 2019; Davia Webb and Laura Smith, October 2023Back to Top
The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.
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Junius Scales, a native of Greensboro, N.C., and graduate of the University of North Carolina in Chapel Hill, was the chair of the Communist Party of North Carolina and South Carolina from 1948 to 1956. He was the first individual imprisoned under the Smith Act for membership in the Communist Party and suspected plotting to overthrow the United States government. He served fourteen months before his sentence was commuted by President John F. Kennedy. A play was written in 1976 about his trial.Back to Top
This collection contains personal and political papers of Junius Scales, including Communist party propaganda, personal correspondence, the proceedings of his trial, drafts of his two books, and other personal papers.Back to Top
Arrangement: by subject.
Political papers and memorabilia and publications of the Communist Party and of related groups, including the Progressive Party.
Personal letters both from Scales and to Scales by family and friends. Included are Christmas cards sent to Scales while he was in jail in 1962.
Acquisitions Information: Accession 102052
Two letters written by Junius Scales to friends. One letter includes photographs of himself and his correspondent.
Acquisitions Information: Accession 20221116.2.
Includes type reproductions of two letters from Junius Scales I, during his imprisonment in Lewisburg Penitentiary, to his daughter Barbara, 1961. Also includes an original letter to Charlotte Adams, 12 December 1987.
Arrangement: chronological and by trial type.
Publicity, legal correspondence, petitions, and trial proceedings from Scales's trial in 1958.
Arrangement: by book title.
Drafts of Once Upon a Felon, a book written by Scales, and Rebel with a Lost Cause, written by Scales and Richard Nickson.
Arrangement: by type.
Personal papers of Scales including financial Papers, military records, diaries, Communist School notes, and miscellaneous notes. The war records and papers include a few U.S. Army forms, but mostly consist of guide-books and political pamphlets that Scales acquired in Italy during World War II. The diaries are small volumes in which Scales recorded expenses, appointments, and a few notes.