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|Abstract||Members of the MacRae family, primarily of North Carolina and Maryland, included Duncan MacRae Sr. (1891-1980), who graduated from the University of North Carolina in 1908; his wife Rebecca Kyle MacRae (1893-1980); their son Duncan MacRae Jr. (1921- ); his wife Edith Krugelis MacRae (1919-1995); and their daughter Amy Frances MacRae (1958- ). Duncan MacRae Sr. was a chemist who spent much of his career at the United States Army's Edgewood Arsenal in Maryland. Duncan MacRae Jr., Edith MacRae, and Amy MacRae were all university professors, Duncan at the University of California at Berkeley, the University of Chicago, and the University of North Carolina in Chapel Hill; biologist Edith at the medical schools of the University of Illinois at Chicago and the University of North Carolina; and Amy, also a biologist, at the University of Missouri in Saint Louis and Saint Louis University. The collection includes correspondence, genealogical information, school and professional materials, travel files, writings, estate materials, clippings, photographs, and other papers. The bulk of the correspondence, 1938-1980, is between the senior MacRaes and Duncan Jr., Edith, and Amy, and is about family and career news, academic interests, world events, and other topics. Genealogical materials include family trees and reflect Duncan Sr.'s steady interest in the MacRae, Shackleford, and related families. Most school materials relate to Duncan Jr.'s early education through his years as an undergraduate at Johns Hopkins University. Professional materials are limited to those of Duncan MacRae Sr. and Edith MacRae, and include manuscripts and reprints of scientific journal articles. The travels of Edith and Duncan MacRae Jr. are reflected in itineraries, tickets, photographs, and sometimes journals, including one written on the Ile de France ocean liner during its rescue of the passengers of the sinking Andrea Doria, 1956. Items, including professional materials, pertaining more exclusively to Edith MacRae apart from her relationship to the MacRae family are also present. Many of these materials, particularly correspondence, date from her years as a graduate student at Columbia University, 1940-1946.|
The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.
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Duncan MacRae Sr. (1891-1980) was born in Fayetteville, N.C., on 7 March 1891, the ninth and youngest child of James Cameron and Frances Broadfoot Hinsdale MacRae. He earned a bachelors degree at the University of North Carolina in Chapel Hill in 1909 and a doctorate in physical chemistry from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1917. On 23 June 1920 in Norfolk, Va., MacRae married Rebecca Devereux Kyle, also a native of Fayetteville and a graduate of Saint Mary's School in Raleigh, N.C. They had two children, Duncan Jr., born 30 September 1921 in Glen Ridge, N.J., and Anne Wingate (later Bouton), born 31 March 1925.
After working briefly for the Westinghouse Lamp Company, Duncan MacRae Sr. became a captain in the development department of the Chemical Warfare Service of the United States Army during World War I. He returned to Westinghouse at the close of the war, working as a research chemist at its Bloomingfield, N.J., site. While at Westinghouse, MacRae devised patented improvements in incandescent electric lamps and radio tubes. In 1925, he left to manage the research laboratory of Guggenheim Brothers in Yonkers, N.Y.
Most of the latter part of MacRae's career was spent at the Army's Edgewood Arsenal near Bel Air, Md., beginning in 1929. His time there was interrupted for work with the National Defense Research Committee, 1943-1945, necessitating a temporary relocation with his wife and daughter to Evanston, Ill. In 1953, he retired from Edgewood Arsenal as chief chemist and technical director, but continued to publish in scientific journals for many years. Duncan MacRae Sr. died on 12 April 1980. Rebecca Kyle MacRae died later that year on 22 September 1980.
Duncan MacRae Jr. (1921- ) earned a bachelors degree in chemistry and physics from Johns Hopkins University in 1942 and a masters degree in electronic physics from Harvard University in 1943. He worked on projects for the military in the M.I.T. Radiation Lab, 1943-1946, then returned to study at Harvard with a new focus on social science. In 1950, MacRae completed a doctorate in social psychology shortly before he wed Edith Judith Krugelis on 24 June 1950.
Edith Krugelis was born on 24 January 1919 in Waterbury, Conn., to Lithuanian immigrant parents. She completed a bachelors of chemistry and biology at Bates College in Lewiston, Me., in 1940, and both a masters, 1941, and doctorate, 1946, in zoology at Columbia University. She taught at Vassar College and then spent two years, 1947-1949, as a postdoctoral fellow at the Carlsberg Laboratory in Copenhagen, Denmark.
During their courtship, which began in late 1949, and their first year of marriage, the couple lived in separate states. Duncan had begun teaching at Princeton University while writing his Harvard dissertation and continued to work there until 1951. Edith was conducting postdoctoral research at Yale University. The two moved together to Boston in the fall of 1951, as Duncan took on a postdoctoral study of the Massachusetts state legislature and Edith became the first female member of the biology faculty at M.I.T.. In 1953, the MacRaes moved across country to take positions at the University of California at Berkeley, Duncan with the sociology faculty and Edith as a zoology researcher.
After spending 1956-1957 in France on Duncan's Fulbright scholarship, the two moved to Chicago. Duncan joined the political science and sociology departments at the University of Chicago while Edith taught anatomy at the medical school of the University of Illinois. While in Chicago, daughter Amy Frances was born on 7 November 1958. In 1971, the family moved to Chapel Hill, N.C. There, at UNC, Duncan became the William R. Kenan Jr. Professor of Political Science and Sociology, and Edith a professor of cell biology and anatomy in the medical school.
Over the course of her career, Edith MacRae published several articles in scientific journals and was honored with teaching awards from the University of Illinois and UNC. In addition to teaching and research, she committed herself to the recruitment and preparation of minority students for medical school, working extensively with the Medical Education Development and "3000 by 2000" programs at the UNC School of Medicine. She died on 7 October 1995.
Duncan MacRae Jr. wrote numerous scholarly articles and authored or edited at least nine books, including Policy Analysis for Public Decisions and The Social Function of Social Science. Among the awards he received are the American Political Science Association's Woodrow Wilson Award, 1968, and the Donald T. Campbell Award, 1983, given by the Policy Studies Organization for outstanding innovation in public policy studies methodology. MacRae is also a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. On 17 May 1997, he married environmentalist Jane Stiles Sharp (1917- ) in Chapel Hill.
Amy MacRae graduated from Concord Academy in Massachusetts in 1976. She began her undergraduate education at Swarthmore College in Pennsylvania, then transferred to UNC, where she earned a bachelors degree in zoology in 1981. She then obtained a masters degree in marine science from the University of South Carolina, 1983, and a doctorate in genetics from the University of Georgia, 1988. Amy MacRae has served on the biology faculties of the University of Missouri in Saint Louis and Saint Louis University. She married Gary Kent Brown (1958- ) on 1 May 1992.
To clarify extended family relationships, see "The Descendants of James Cameron MacRae and Frances Broadfoot (Hinsdale) MacRae," a family tree last updated in 1998. It is located in Series 2, folder 121.Back to Top
The collection includes correspondence, genealogical information, school and professional materials, travel files, writings, clippings, estate materials, photographs, and other papers of chemist Duncan MacRae Sr. (1891-1980), Rebecca Kyle MacRae, and university professors Duncan MacRae Jr. (1921- ), Edith Krugelis MacRae, and Amy Frances MacRae, primarily of North Carolina and Maryland. While correspondence includes a handful of 19th-century items, the bulk falls between the years 1938 and 1980. During this time Duncan Jr., and at times wife Edith and daughter Amy, exchanged frequent letters with his parents on family and career news, academic interests, world events, and other topics. Genealogical materials include family trees and reflect Duncan Sr.'s steady interest in the MacRae and Shackleford family lines. Most school materials relate to Duncan Jr.'s early education, through his years as an undergraduate at Johns Hopkins University. Professional materials are limited to those of Duncan MacRae Sr. and Edith MacRae, and include manuscripts and reprints of scientific journal articles. The travels of Edith and Duncan MacRae Jr. are reflected in itineraries, tickets, photographs, and sometimes journals, including one written on the Ile de France ocean liner during its rescue of the passengers of the sinking Andrea Doria in 1956. Items, such as professional materials, pertaining more exclusively to Edith MacRae apart from her relationship to the MacRae family are filed in Series 8. Many of these materials, particularly correspondence, date from her years as a graduate student at Columbia University, 1940-1946.Back to Top
Correspondence pertaining to several generations of the MacRae family. The bulk of materials relate to Duncan Sr. and Rebecca Kyle MacRae, Duncan Jr. and Edith Krugelis MacRae, and their daughter Amy MacRae. Letters between Edith Krugelis MacRae and individuals who were not members of the MacRae family can be found in Series 8.1.
Two of only three 19th-century letters are addressed to members of the MacRae family. One of these, 1837, gives details of its author's travels through Macon, Ga., and Mobile and Montgomery, Ala., relaying news of several murders, lynchings, and a thwarted attempt to burn a bridge and subsequently "plunder" the town of Macon. A handwritten partial transcript of this letter, begun by Duncan MacRae Jr. (1921- ) in 2001, is included. Most of the items dated after 1900 are general updates from family and friends written to Duncan MacRae Sr. (1891-1980) while he attended the University of North Carolina in Chapel Hill, N.C., worked as an instructor at the Academy of Richmond County military school in Augusta, Ga., and began his studies at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Several letters, mainly from siblings, were written in reaction to the death of Duncan MacRae Sr.'s mother in 1912.
Duncan MacRae Sr.'s professional work as a chemist and research laboratory manager figures into several items, including collegial exchanges on theory and practice, and letters arranging changes in employment. Moving into the early 1930s, the bulk of letters are more personal in nature, largely dealing with the financial and health troubles of two of MacRae's siblings, brother Theodore and widowed sister Elizabeth MacRae Lilly. Letters show brothers John, James (Jimmie), and Cameron MacRae working with Duncan Sr. to help the two satisfy their creditors, even while the Depression strained their own finances. Duncan Sr.'s side of the correspondence, where included, is represented in handwritten copies and typewriter carbons. During 1938-1941, frequent letters from Rebecca Kyle MacRae to son Duncan Jr. at Johns Hopkins University update him on family news and offer motherly advice. After Duncan Jr.'s enrollment in Harvard University in 1942, his letters to his family become more frequent and detailed. A major concern at this time was the question of where and how he would be involved in the war effort, finally resulting in work at the M.I.T. Radiation Laboratory. Duncan Jr.'s letters then begin to speak of plans to move into the social sciences and detail his reasons for the shift.
Letters from Duncan MacRae Jr. to his parents in early 1949 show him considering options for future employment. November 1949 marked the beginning of his courtship of Edith Krugelis. Their frequent letters range from plans for weekend meetings to philosophies of love and politics, and include his proposal to her on 17 March 1950. Explanatory notes and a word-processed transcript of most of the courtship letters, organized by Duncan MacRae Jr. in 2003, are also included. Correspondence remained crucial to the couple while spending their first year of marriage, 1950-1951, apart. From 1951 to 1980, the bulk of correspondence is between the senior MacRaes in Maryland and Duncan Jr., Edith, and daughter Amy. Father and son exchanged thoughts on problems in chemistry and physics, as well as sociology, religion, world events, and economics. Letters from Duncan Jr. and Edith also touch on their professional activities, including teaching, research, publishing, and committee work. During the 1970s, Amy MacRae wrote her grandparents at some length about her education at Concord Academy, Swarthmore College, and UNC. Many of Duncan MacRae Sr.'s letters are in carbon copy form and unsigned. Among his other correspondents was nephew Edmund Lilly, sometimes referred to as "Cousin Edmund." There are occasional letters from and frequent references to Duncan Jr.'s sister Anne, her husband Harry Bouton, and their seven children, as well as Edith's sisters Bertha (Bertie) and Eleanor (Ely), and their husbands Bob Kelner and Jim Heron. Friends from the universities at which Duncan Jr. and Edith had worked also sent news as the couple moved from place to place.
Coming after the 1980 deaths of Duncan Sr. and Rebecca Kyle MacRae, this subseries for the most part lacks the presence of a profuse, two-sided correspondence. Amy MacRae emerges as the most frequent writer, updating her parents while in graduate school in South Carolina and Georgia; doing postdoctoral work in Riverside, Calif., and Columbia, Mo.; and teaching in Saint Louis, Mo. Occasional letters from Duncan Jr. and Edith MacRae's siblings, nieces, and nephews, as well as brother-in-law Bob Kelner, are also included. Beginning in 1985, unsigned copies of word-processed letters from Edith MacRae to her daughter, the Boutons, and other family members appear. According to Duncan MacRae Jr., some of the dates on these letters may have been altered during file conversion. Printouts of emails from Edith MacRae's account consist largely of brief messages passed between her and Amy MacRae. Christmas updates from friends around the world constitute a large portion of the materials from certain years, particularly 1994.
Amy MacRae again emerges as the principal correspondent, writing her father from Saint Louis, Mo. Her letters contain updates on her professional and personal life, seek advice on scholarly papers and grant proposals, and reference plans to commemorate her mother's life by writing or commissioning a biography. Several of Amy's later letters to her father are also addressed to his second wife, Jane Sharp, whom she sometimes refers to as "Mama Jane." General updates from other family members and friends make up most of the remaining materials from this period.
Correspondents and topics among the undated letters largely mirror those of the dated group. There are several letters to Duncan MacRae Sr. from his sister Elizabeth MacRae Lilly and her daughter Frances, likely dating from the early 1930s, while he was helping them through financial troubles. A letter written to Duncan MacRae Sr. from another niece, author Frances Gray Patton, expresses gratitude for the encouragement he had extended to her throughout her life. A small number of letter fragments hold portions of intellectual discussions between Duncan Jr. and his father, and also brother-in-law Bob Kelner. Other items chiefly contain news from family and friends.
This series is largely composed of information gathered by Duncan MacRae Sr. as part of his longtime interest in family history. Much of MacRae's research focused on his grandmother Mary Shackleford MacRae and the Shackleford line, and uncle Alexander McRae, a North Carolina native who died a Union soldier in the Civil War. An explanation of the alternating usage of the "McRae" and "MacRae" spellings of the family name is given in a family tree entitled "The Descendants of James Cameron MacRae and Frances Broadfoot (Hinsdale) MacRae." Both the original 1966 version of this document, compiled by Duncan MacRae Sr., and a 1998 revision are included. Two biographical articles discuss the life of Duncan MacRae's father, James Cameron MacRae. The lineage of Rebecca Kyle MacRae, who was distantly related to her husband, is also represented. Among the miscellaneous materials is a small volume of family history written by her grandmother, Rebecca Stokes MacRae, in 1916.
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Most of the materials in this series relate to Duncan MacRae Jr. They include essays, math problems, and other assignments from his early school career; newsletters and a 1938 Bel Air (Md.) High School yearbook containing contributions by Duncan Jr.; report cards; his high school diploma; and assorted papers from his time at Johns Hopkins University, 1938-1942. Other school materials include report cards of Duncan MacRae Sr. while at UNC, 1906-1908; Anne MacRae while in grade school; and Amy MacRae in middle school, 1970. A 1913 Saint Mary's School, Raleigh, N.C., yearbook belonging to Rebecca Devereux Kyle, and a program from Anne MacRae's 1946 Northwestern University commencement constitute some of the miscellaneous items.
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The professional career of Duncan MacRae Sr. is represented here, chiefly by drafts and published versions of his scholarly articles in the fields of chemistry and physics. Miscellaneous papers include patent paperwork for an electron emitting device he created while at Westinghouse Lamp Company; a copy of his contract with Guggenheim Brothers, 1925; his handwritten statement, 1926, on a suspicious incident involving two Guggenheim employees; and several group photographs of Edgewood Arsenal and National Defense Research Committee staff members. A handful of small volumes include a grade book MacRae kept while teaching at M.I.T., 1911; programs from conferences at which he was a speaker; and The Story of the Development Division, Chemical Warfare Service, a General Electric Company publication about the division MacRae served with in World War I. See also Series 1.2 for scattered professional correspondence dating from the early years of MacRae's career.
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Mementos of various trips taken by Duncan Jr., Edith, and Amy MacRae include tickets, detailed itineraries, receipts, and occasionally written reminiscences. Duncan Jr. and Edith's year spent in France on his Fulbright scholarship, 1956-1957, is heavily represented through official documents such as passports, student visas, and driver's licenses, as well as clippings and an extensive journal the pair kept jointly. As their trip began on the Ile de France liner, July 1956, the journal's early entries are consumed with that ship's rescue of passengers from the ill-fated Andrea Doria. Particularly in the late 1980s and 1990s, Edith MacRae often used her travels to locations such as the Grand Canyon and Iceland as the subject of talks given to geology classes and community groups. Some of her lecture notes and visual aids are included here. Another short trip diary marks a visit made by Duncan and Amy MacRae to the Grand Canyon, 1996, to honor Edith's memory.
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Many of the items in this series are papers reflecting a young Duncan MacRae Jr.'s accomplishments in contests for spelling and safe driving and as a golfer. His 1940 feat of two holes-in-one scored in one game is marked by recognition from the Professional Golfers' Association of America and Ripley's Believe it or Not. Among the biographical materials is a draft of Duncan Jr.'s unpublished autobiography, "An Academic Odyssey," 2001. Miscellaneous papers include a handwritten set of instructions to a grand jury, likely dating from the 1800s, with several comments urging protection of slavery as one of the "Southern institutions"; scattered financial and legal materials belonging to Duncan Sr., 1921-1923; a series of doctor reports, 1936, pertaining to Duncan Jr.; sample cocktail invitations made by Edith MacRae, circa 1950-1951; and an inventory of the books in Duncan Sr. and Rebecca MacRae's home, 1969. A guest log contains signatures of visitors to Duncan Jr. and Edith MacRae's homes, 1953-1979. Papers tied to the couple's estate planning are closed until 2015.
The earliest clipping, 1899, features an Arbor Day poem by Frances Hinsdale MacRae, mother of Duncan MacRae Sr. Other clippings pertain to various achievements and landmark events in MacRae family history, including the 1953 retirement of Duncan Sr.; events of interest to the family such as the restoration of the Dodd-Hinsdale House in Raleigh, N.C.; and political news and commentary.
Items in this series relate specifically to Edith Krugelis MacRae. Letters, travel diaries, photographs, and other items that also relate to other MacRae family members are filed in Series 1-7 and Series 9.
Slightly more than half of the letters in this series were written before Edith Krugelis's marriage to Duncan MacRae Jr. A large number, 1940-1944, were sent to her at Columbia University from friends she had made at Bates College. Materials from the first half of 1945 consist chiefly of letters from a friend who was then teaching at a military school in Lakeland, Fla. Some were meant jointly for Edith, her sister Eleanor (Ely), and their roommate Gaby Dickinson, and are therefore addressed to either "G.E.E." or "Dickinson Krugelis." Ely appears as a frequent correspondent in 1946, while Edith was teaching at Vassar College. There are no letters reflecting the period of Edith's postdoctoral fellowship at Carlsberg Laboratory in Copenhagen, Denmark, 1947-1949. Invitations to her wedding, 1950, drew a number of responses from friends and family. Correspondence is largely scattered after this point, as Edith's life and letters became entwined with the MacRaes. See Series 1.3 and 1.4 for correspondence involving Edith and other members of the MacRae family, beginning in 1949 with the courtship letters she exchanged with Duncan Jr. Items that are filed here include updates from former associates at the University of Illinois School of Medicine; letters from sisters Ely and Bertha (Bertie), many from the 1970s regarding care of their elderly mother; and emails exchanged with a UNC colleague, 1990-1995, some containing early drafts for a planned histology dictionary they were writing together.
The bulk of materials in this series come from a group of files kept by Edith Krugelis under the collective label of "Thesis." Individual file contents have been maintained and include drafts of her Columbia University doctoral thesis; data sets; papers she had written on related topics; and comments from the editor of The Biological Bulletin, the journal that published her thesis. Miscellaneous items include her 1932 diploma from B. W. Tinker Grammar School in Waterbury, Conn.; a series of handwritten compositions, including an autobiography, from Krugelis's first semester at Bates College, 1936; and her undated Graduate Record Examination scores.
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Various papers collected by Edith Krugelis MacRae in relation to her teaching and research. The majority of materials come from files she kept while at the UNC School of Medicine and include manuscripts submitted to scientific journals; reprints of her published articles; subject files on topics in histology; and curriculum statements and syllabi, 1994-1995, for the "3000 by 2000" program, which sought to encourage minorities to pursue medical careers. When known, original file labels and groupings have been maintained. Miscellaneous items include scattered receipts and a salary statement from Vassar College, 1946, and a handwritten list detailing, according to its title, "Immaturity and lack of independence of students," 1978-1979.
A looseleaf journal, 1940, entitled "Thoughts in Solitude," follows Edith Krugelis through her first three months of graduate school at Columbia University. See also Series 5 for travel journals with entries by Edith and her husband Duncan MacRae Jr. Among the poems collected here are a small number of handwritten, often humorous examples. Another group of poems, later compiled and annotated by Duncan Jr. and Amy MacRae, were written by Edith in the early 1990s on topics such as family, the passage of time, and travel impressions. Several thought pieces, 1951-1955, focus on politics, social reform, and utopias. While most are the work of Edith alone, a few contain notes and responses contributed by Duncan Jr.
Various papers related to the execution of Edith MacRae's estate, including her will, 1985, and subsequent additions, 1988 and 1990; statements from various estate accounts; tax documents; inventories; and papers related to Duncan MacRae Jr.'s role as executor.
Among the papers in this series are a number of poems and song lyrics collected by Edith Krugelis MacRae; items related to the planning of her wedding, including "The Bride's Book," which gives advice on everything from telling one's parents of an engagement to the type of honeymoon to choose; a file on friend Tony Levy with clippings about his death in a mountain-climbing accident; health-related clippings and scattered paperwork from hospital visits; and drafts of the eulogy she gave at the funeral of brother-in-law Jim Heron, 1980. Miscellaneous items include a small Vassar College publication with cartoon illustrations, 1946. The booklet, entitled "Everything Correlates," offers a humorous take on the female college experience.
Photographs of Edith Krugelis MacRae, her Krugelis relatives, and friends, primarily in the years before her 1950 marriage to Duncan MacRae Jr. The two chronological file groupings, 1932-1946 and 1946-1947, have been maintained according to MacRae's own organization. The first group covers scenes from Edith's youth in Waterbury, Conn., and at Bates College and Columbia University. The second group shows her in the midst of professional and leisure activities while a postdoctoral fellow at Carlsberg Laboratory in Copenhagen, Denmark. Later images include photographs of MacRae teaching at the University of Illinois. Individual snapshots of her appear to have been taken in the 1940s to the 1990s. Miscellaneous photographs are of unidentified individuals and locations.
Photographs span several generations of the MacRae family and include images from the Kyle and Haigh families, from whom Rebecca Kyle MacRae descended. Photographs are arranged by individuals or groupings of individuals where applicable. In addition to loose photos, the files of Duncan MacRae Sr. and Rebecca Kyle each contain one photograph album kept in the years before their marriage. There are also two later family albums, 1921-circa 1935, showing them with their children, Duncan Jr. and Anne. Snapshots of Duncan Jr. and Edith Krugelis MacRae, 1950-1971 and undated, include one from their wedding day and several taken at talks and other gatherings during their time in Chicago. Other photographs of the couple can be found among the travel files in Series 5. These range from images of their year in France, 1956-1957, through vacations in the 1990s. Photographs of Edith Krugelis MacRae alone, as well as images of her with individuals who are not part of the MacRae family, are filed in Subseries 8.7. In order to clarify the relationships among various families, such as the Lambs and Lillys, connected through the siblings of Duncan MacRae Sr., it may be helpful to consult the family tree found in Series 2, folder 121.
Processed by: Jessica Tyree, February 2005
Encoded by: Jessica Tyree, February 2005Back to Top