Collection Number: 05088

Collection Title: James Alexander Boyer Papers, 1893-2000

This collection has access restrictions. For details, please see the restrictions.

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the Duplication Policy section for more information.


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Size About 1300 items (5.0 linear feet)
Abstract The collection documents the education and career of James Alexander Boyer (1909-1998), an African American educator, professor of English, dean of the College, and College president at St. Augustine's College of Raleigh, N.C., and his father, Charles Henry Boyer (1869-1942), who also was an African American educator and dean at St. Augustine's College. It contains scattered records and publications of St. Augustine's College, including histories and speeches, and materials relating to the work of James Alexander Boyer and the Educational Leadership and Human Relations Center to ameliorate the problems of desegregation of public education in North Carolina during the late 1960s. Other materials document James Alexander Boyer's intellectual interests; his service on the "slaveship" S.S. Naushon steamship and as a literacy remediation instructor in the U.S. Navy during World War II; and Boyer family history, including their friendship with Bessie and Sadie Delany. Audio tapes include discussions about prominent African American political figures and a 1997 conversation involving Boyer and others about the history of college athletics at St. Augustine's.
Creator Boyer, James Alexander, 1909-1998.
Curatorial Unit University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Southern Historical Collection.
Language English.
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Restrictions to Access
Use of audio materials may require production of listening copies.
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the James Alexander Boyer Papers #5088, Southern Historical Collection, Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Provenance
Received from Edna Rich-Ballentine of Raleigh, N.C., in January 2002 (Acc. 99189), June 2002 (Acc. 099260), August 2002 (Acc. 99305), May 2012 (Acc. 101596), and February 2019 (Acc. 103359).
Sensitive Materials Statement
Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, the North Carolina Public Records Act (N.C.G.S. § 132 1 et seq.), and Article 7 of the North Carolina State Personnel Act (Privacy of State Employee Personnel Records, N.C.G.S. § 126-22 et seq.). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill assumes no responsibility.
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The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.

Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Biographical Information

James Alexander Boyer's life was inextricably bound to St. Augustine's College of Raleigh, N.C. On 15 June 1909, he was born on its campus, where his father, Charles H. Boyer, taught and later served as the institution's first African American dean.

James Alexander Boyer received his elementary and secondary education at St. Augustine's. After completing the two years of post-secondary instruction that were then offered by the College, Boyer went on to finish his bachelor's degree at Morehouse College in 1931. In 1934, he earned a master's degree from Atlanta University and returned to St. Augustine's as chair of its English department. In 1940, he began work in a doctoral program at the University of Michigan, but his studies were interrupted by service in the United States Navy, 1942-1946. After his discharge, Boyer returned briefly to St. Augustine's and then resumed his doctoral work at Michigan.

After receiving his Ph.D., Boyer became dean of the College at St. Augustine's. After serving in this capacity from 1949 to 1955, he assumed the presidency of the College and served in this capacity until 1967. Upon his retirement, he continued to teach and play an active role within the St. Augustine's community until his death on 28 Feburary 1998.

Charles Henry Boyer (1869-1942), the father of James Alexander Boyer, graduated from Yale University in 1896. He joined the faculty at St. Augustine's College the same year to teach mathematics, Greek, and athletics. He retired in 1936 as dean of St. Augustine's College.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Scope and Content

The collection includes papers that reflect the career of James Alexander Boyer, an African American educator, who was professor of English, dean of the College, and president at St. Augustine's College in Raleigh, N.C. Documented are Boyer's intellectual interests and honors received, his education, his service in the United States Navy during World War II, Boyer family history, and scattered St. Augustine's College records and publications. With the exception of speaking notes and a few lesson planners, there are no documents relating to Boyer's official duties and responsibilities at St. Augustine's. Also included are materials relating to the work of James Alexander Boyer and the Educational Leadership and Human Relations Center to ameliorate the problems of desegregation of public education in North Carolina during the late 1960s. Other materials document James Alexander Boyer's service on the "slaveship" S.S. Naushon steamship and as a literacy remediation instructor in the U.S. Navy during World War II; his dissertation on Thomas Henry Huxley; and the Boyer family friendship with Bessie and Sadie Delany. Audio recordings in the collection include discussions about prominent African American political figures and a 1997 conversation involving Boyer and others about the history of college athletics at St. Augustine's. Photographs depict James A. Boyer at different points in his life, including his childhood, years at St. Augustine's, service in the U.S. Navy, and the Boyer family from the early 1900s-1960s.

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Contents list

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 1. Papers, 1893-2000.

About 1300 items.

Acquisitions Information: Accessions 99189, 99260, 99305, 101596, 103359

Arrangement: Alphabetical by subject.

The collection includes papers that reflect the career of James Alexander Boyer, an African American educator, who was professor of English, dean of the College, and president at St. Augustine's College in Raleigh, N.C. Documented are Boyer's intellectual interests and honors received, his education, his service in the United States Navy during World War II, Boyer family history, and scattered St. Augustine's College records and publications. With the exception of speaking notes and a few lesson planners, there are no documents relating to Boyer's official duties and responsibilities at St. Augustine's. Also included are materials relating to the work of James Alexander Boyer and the Educational Leadership and Human Relations Center to ameliorate the problems of desegregation of public education in North Carolina during the late 1960s. Other materials document James Alexander Boyer's service on the "slaveship" S.S. Naushon steamship and as a literacy remediation instructor in the U.S. Navy during World War II; his dissertation on Thomas Henry Huxley; and the Boyer family friendship with Bessie and Sadie Delany.

Also included are five audio recordings on 1/4" open reel audio and audiocassette. The first recording contains the second half of Johnson's 1967 State of the Union address and comments about the speech from news reports and public interviews. The first recording continues with a discussion opposed to the Washington school track system, a message from Grover Maddox of Georgia, and further discussion about Congressman Powell and African Americans in general. The second recording contains a discussion "for and against" Congressman Adam Clayton Powell and Senator Edward Brooks, President Lyndon Johnson's 1967 State of the Union Address, and a discussion between Francis O. Wilcox of Johns Hopkins University and James M. Nabrit of Howard University. The third recording contains a 1966-1967 talk show hosted by Jamie Brag Top of Washington, D.C.. The fourth tape, recorded 25 July 1997, contains a conversation among James Alexander Boyer, Coach H. Heartley, L. Simmons Henry, and Emma Perry Boyer about the history of college athletics at St. Augustine's.

Folder 1-6

Folder 1

Folder 2

Folder 3

Folder 4

Folder 5

Folder 6

Biographical information, 1930s-1980s

Biographical information for James Alexander Boyer and Charles H. Boyer (12 November 1869-11 March 1942) consists of oral history, will, curriculum vitae and timelines, vital records, school records from Morehouse, the University of Michigan, and Yale, copies of photographs of home in Raleigh, pension and retirement records, honors, and diplomas.

Folder 7

Biographical information: Awards and diplomas

Includes items received by James Alexander Boyer and Charles H. Boyer.

Folder 8

Biographical information: Honorary degree from St. Augustine's College for James Alexander Boyer, 13 May 1984

Folder 9

Boyer family materials, 1935-1970, 1998

Includes a letter, 1935, from Charles H. Boyer to Mrs. Annie (or Anna) E. F. Washington, a copy of the Yale Obituary Record for Charles H. Boyer, a Boyer family tree, and a letter and telegram received by Emma Boyer following the death of James A. Boyer, 1998.

Folder 10

Charles H. Boyer notebook, 1908-1909

Entries include a list of books read and quotations with reflections.

Folder 11

Book of Common Prayer of Dr. James A. Boyer

Folder 12-14

Folder 12

Folder 13

Folder 14

Clippings, 1949-1993

Primarily cover topics of St. Augustine's College and the Boyer family, and are largely from The Carolinian and other local Raleigh papers.

Folder 15-16

Folder 15

Folder 16

Bessie and Sadie Delany family papers

The Delany sisters, Annie Elizabeth ("Dr. Bessie") Delany (3 September 1891-September 1995) and Sarah Louise ("Sadie") Delany (19 September 1889-25 January 1999), were the daughters of Rev. Henry Beard Delany and Nanny Logan Delany. Rev. Delany was vice-principal of St. Augustine's School (later College) in Raleigh, N.C. and the first elected bishop of color of the Episcopal Church, and Mrs. Delany was a teacher and administrator. Dr. Bessie Delany was a 1911 graduate of St. Augustine's School and in 1923 earned a doctor of dental surgery degree from Columbia University, becoming the second Black woman dentist licented to practice dentistry in New York, which she did until her retirement in 1950. Sadie was a graduate of St. Augustine's School and earned a Bachelor of Science degree from Pratt Institute in New York and a Master's degree from Teacher's College, Columbia University.

Papers include correspondence between Bessie and Sadie Delany and James and Emma Boyer, copies of photographs of the Delany family, funeral programs for Bessie and Sadie Delany, and clippings.

Audiocassette C-5088/2

Bessie and Sadie Delany family: Having Our Say

Audiocassette

Folder 17-21

Folder 17

Folder 18

Folder 19

Folder 20

Folder 21

Diaries, 1942-1946

Entries describe work as an instructor in literacy remediation at Great Lakes, Ill., and other service assignments in the U.S. Navy.

Folder 22-25

Folder 22

Folder 23

Folder 24

Folder 25

Dissertation of James A. Boyer on Thomas Henry Huxley, 1949

Folder 26-29

Folder 26

Folder 27

Folder 28

Folder 29

Educational Leadership and Human Relations Center monthly reports, 1968-1970

The Educational Leadership and Human Relations Center was sponsored by the U.S. Department of Education and hosted on the campus of St. Augustine's College. The Center sought to help "the educational and community leaders of North Carolina attain the insights and skills necessary to cope with administrative, instructional and community problems rising out of school desegregation" (The Center / A Purpose booklet)

Folder 30

Educational Leadership and Human Relations Center notebook, 1968

Folder 31

Educational Leadership and Human Relations Center notebook, 1969

Folder 32

Educational Leadership and Human Relations Center notes, 1966-1967 and undated

Notes taken at conferences and other meetings, possibly Advisory Council meetings, on loose papers and in notebooks.

Folder 33

Educational Leadership and Human Relations Center papers, 1965-1970

Materials include:

  • a 1965 adverstisement for Prestwould Plantation Estates, an intentionally all white development in Clarksville, Va.
  • annual letter to parents from the superintendent of Raleigh Public Schools with a plan for school desegregation in 1966
  • program and minutes of the Eleventh District PTA School of Instruction in 1968
  • letters and meeting announcements relating to the Advisory Council and workshops of the Educational Leadership and Human Relations Center
  • presentation notes on "Human Relations and Desegregation," "Basic Points for Working Programs of Instruction," and "Reading Comprehension in the Content Area of English and Social Studies"
  • curriculum vitaes for Dorothy S. Williams and Prezell R. Robinson
  • personnel forms for consultants to the Educational Leadership and Human Relations Center
  • survey for participants in workshops on desegregation in school systems
  • The Center / A Purpose booklet about the history, purpose, and activities of Educational Leadership and Human Relations Center; a pamphlet for the North Carolina Council on Human Relations
  • miscellaneous other papers

Folder 34-37

Folder 34

Folder 35

Folder 36

Folder 37

Educational Leadership and Human Relations Center printed material, 1959-1970

Titles include:

  • The Efficiency of Freedom: Report of the Committee on Government and Higher Education, 1959.
  • Racial Prejudice by Cornelius C. Tarplee.
  • "Not Like Other Children" by Bernard Asbell
  • Department of Health, Education, and Welfare notices and guideliness relating to school desegregation plan under Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Higher Education Act of 1965.
  • Review of The Linguistic Sciences and Language Teaching by M. A. K. Halliday, et al.
  • National Endowment for the Humanities, First Annual Report, 1966
  • October House General Catalogue, 1968
  • "Nobody Wanted School Desegregation," 1967
  • Saturday Review, March 1968: articles on revitalization and "What White America Must Do"
  • Selective Service, 1968
  • The Educator: Chatham County Schools, 1968
  • Concerning Dissent and Civil Disobedience by Abe Fortas
  • Inner City Issues, 1969
  • "Black Children Need More Love from Parents," March 1970
  • Michigan Civil Rights Commission Newsletter, August 1970
  • Black News, November 1970
  • "Knowing the Beauty of What We Are" by Nathan Wright Jr.
  • "Facts about North Carolina"
  • Help Wanted...Or Is It? A Look at White Collar Job Inequalities for Minorities and Women
  • "Population Change and School Desegregation: A Sociological Look at Education in North Carolina" by Charles A. Glatt.
  • Prejudice in Children: A Conversation with Doctor Spock.
  • Prejudiced--How Do People Get That Way by William Van Til.
  • For the Love of Learning: A Position Paper on Individualized Instruction, North Carolina Department of Public Instruction.
  • Developing Skills for Coping (for Minority Students at Predominantly White Institutions; but Maybe for all Students) by Lee F. Browne, 1977

Folder 38

Educational Leadership and Human Relations Center proposals

Titles include:

  • "An institute to help school counselors (elementary and secondary) to develop understandings, skills, and techniques in working with the Desegreagtion problems in North Carolina"
  • "Proposal for a Special Training Institute for Guidance Counselors to Prepare them on Problems of School Desegregation"
  • "Proposal for Special Training Institute on Problems of School Desegregation"

Other materials include a proposal for an operating grant for St. Augustine's College for a project to address the need for "raising the level of professional competence of school personnel in eastern North Carolina schools that either have recently desegregated or else are in the process of desegregating."

Folder 39

Educational Leadership and Human Relations Center reports, Guide, and other supporting material

Titles include:

  • "Educational Leadership and Human Relations Center on Problems of School Desegregation for the State of North Carolina"
  • "Preliminary Report of the Educational Leadership Training Program for Majority-Negro Rural-Isolated School Districts in North Carolina"
  • "Helping and Human Relations: A Brief Guide for Training Lay Helpers"
  • "A Description of Helper Responses to Helper Stimulus Expressions: An Index of Discrimination"

Other supporting materials include an overview of and a budget for the Educational Leadership and Human Relations Center for Civil Rights; reading lists on group guidance and group counseling; African American lived experience, racism, and socioeconomic conditions.

Folder 40-41

Folder 40

Folder 41

Educational Leadership and Human Relations Center workshops and conferences, 1966-1972

Titles include:

  • "Problems of School Desegregation for Public School Personnel"
  • "The Difference in the Value System of Students of Different Ethnic and Racial Backgrounds"
  • "Equal Educational Opportunities Conference"
  • "North Carolina Conference on Teacher Education and School Integration"
  • "The Role of the School Board in Preparing for Desegregation"
  • "Special Training Institute for Guidance Counselors to Prepare Them to Work with Problems Incident to School Desegregation"
  • "Superintendents of Majority-Negro School Districts of North Carolina"
  • "Methods and Techniques of Operating in an Integrated Environment"
  • "Student Teaching and School Integration"
  • "Problems Incident to School Desegregation"
  • "Advanced Training in Reading Instruction for Teachers in Desegregated Schools"
  • "Group Leadership Dynamics"
  • "Human Relations in Education"
  • "Educational Development Program in Leadership Training for Personnel in Rural-Isolated, Majority Negro School Districts"

Folder 42

Educational Leadership and Human Relations Center workbooks, 1969 and undated

Titles include:

  • "Participant's Manual for the Self-Study Procedure for Equal Educational Opportunities in Desegregated Schools"
  • "Problems Analysis for Desegregating Schools: A Workbook for Development of Strategies Designed (1) to Improve the Quality of Educational Experiences, (2) to Equalize and to Extend Educational Opportunities, and (3) to Reduce Racial Isolation in a Unitary School System"

Folder 43

Freemason material, 1949

Includes the initiation form of James A. Boyer and a membership list.

Folder 44

Lesson plans, 1936-1940

Folder 45

Lesson plans, 1946-1948

Folder 46

Miscellaneous materials, 1943-1964

Includes printed articles and typed essays ("The Negro in Art").

Folder 47

Naushon Steamship, 1930s, 1984

James A. Boyer worked on the Naushon steamship, a vessel of the New Bedford, Martha's Vineyard, and Nantucket Line, to support himself during college and graduate school. Items include numerous certificates from the U.S. Department of Commerce, receipts and cards documenting his membership in the Seafarers' International Union of North America, a copy of the contract between the Union and the Steamship company, and clippings.

Folder 48-51

Folder 48

Folder 49

Folder 50

Folder 51

Speeches, 1958-1965 and undated

Transcripts and notes of speeches given by James A. Boyer in his capacity as president of St. Augustine's College. Most of these speeches are prepared on index cards on topics including Boyer's notions of the proper behavior and educational goals of college freshmen, the virtues of acquiring an education at St. Augustine's College, and the then current state of African American education; five notebooks that Boyer used as lesson planners for Freshman English 1A and Advanced Composition that he taught 1938-1940 and 1946-1948; and a variety of printed materials related to events at or about St. Augustine's that Boyer attended. These occasions ranged from church services at the campus chapel and graduation cermonies to building dedications and the awarding of honorary degrees.

Folder 52

"A History of St. Augustine's College"

Folder 53

History of Athletics at St. Augustine's College interview questions, 1997

Audiocassette C-5088/1

Dr. James A. Boyer, history of athletics at St. Augustine's, 25 July 1997

Audiocassette

Folder 54-55

Folder 54

Folder 55

St. Augustine's College publications, 1947-2000

Includes yearbooks, commencements, histories of the college.

Folder 56-67

Folder 56

Folder 57

Folder 58

Folder 59

Folder 60

Folder 61

Folder 62

Folder 63

Folder 64

Folder 65

Folder 66

Folder 67

St. Augustine's College records, 1950s-1992

Includes speeches, contracts, clippings, notes on 125th anniversary planning, 1956 inauguration, speech at 1966 retirement from presidency, plots owned at Oakwood Cemetery.

Folder 68

The Teacher and Integration by Gertrude Noar

Contains marginal notes by James A. Boyer.

Folder 69

U.S. Navy service records, 1942-1946

Folder 70-72

Folder 70

Folder 71

Folder 72

U.S. Navy, 1942-1946

Includes discharge papers, clippings about literacy remediation school, correspondence.

Folder 73

Yale Pot-Pourri, 1893

Audiotape T-5088/1

President Johnson's State of the Union Message continued, 1967; arguments against Washington School track system, a message from Governor Maddox of Georgia and comments from Congressman Powell

1/4" Open Reel Audio

Audiotape T-5088/2

Comments for and against Adam Clayton Powell, Mr. Edwards Brooks goes to Washington, and President Johnson's State of the Union, 1967; Comments by Dr. Francis O. Wilcoks and guest of John Hopkins University, Dr. James M. Nabrit, from Howard University

1/4" Open Reel Audio

Audiotape T-5088/3

Jamie Brag top Washington D.C. talk program, 1966-1967

1/4" Open Reel Audio

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 2. Photographs, circa 1900s-1970s (Addition of May 2012 and February 2019).

About 50 items.

Acquisitions Information: Accessions 101596 and 103559

Photographs depict James A. Boyer at different points of his life, including 4th-5th grade class portrait at Crosby-Garfield school in Raleigh, ca. 1919; St. Augustine's athletics, his service on the "slaveship" S.S. Naushon and in the U.S. Navy, as well as some family photographs. Also included are images of James A. Boyer's father, Charles H. Boyer, depicting him on campus as a faculty member and as Dean, as well as some family photographs.

Descriptions in quotation marks were transcribed from original captions or notes found with materials.

Image Folder PF-5088/1

"4-5th grade class at Crosby-Garfeild Elementary School, Raleigh, N.C.," circa 1920s

Black-and-white photographic prints and photographic negative (copy)

3 images; printed materials

Notes indicate image includes Dr. James Boyer, who was in the 5th grade.

Image Folder PF-5088/2

"St. Augustine's 1926 Champions," St. Augustine's University, Raleigh, N.C.: Football(player), circa 1926-1927

Color digital print (office paper)
Image Folder PF-5088/3

"The team that defeated Shaw University, 1935 Football Team," St. Augustine's University, Raleigh, N.C.: Football(coach), circa 1920s-1930s

Black-and-white photographic prints
Image Folder PF-5088/4

"S.S. Naushon," circa 1930s

Black-and-white photographic prints

5 images

James A. Boyer worked on the crew of this ship. Images depict both the ship itself and Boyer.

Verso 1: "Slave ship 'Naushon' my 'ticket' through college and grad. school"

Verso 2:"Slaveship New Bedford, Woods Hole, Martha's Vineyard, Nantucket."

Image Folder PF-5088/5

"Chas H. Boyer (Papa) and Jas. A. Boyer at 1935 commencement of St. A.," St. Augustine's University, Raleigh, N.C., 1935

Black-and-white photographic prints
Image Folder PF-5088/6

"Navy photos," circa 1942-1945

Black-and-white photographic prints

3 images

Image Folder PF-5088/7

"New Bedford and Navy," circa 1942-1945

Black-and-white photographic prints

6 images

Image Folder PF-5088/8

"Company 502 1942, E.J. O'Brien, C.S.P. Co. Com'd, July 16 1942, U.S. Naval Training Station, Great Lakes, Ill.," circa 1942-1945

Black-and-white photographic print

Boyer with his Naval training class.

Image Folder PF-5088/9-12

PF-5088/9

PF-5088/10

PF-5088/11

PF-5088/12

Photographic negatives

Black-and-white photographic negatives

8 images

Photographic negatives for some prints in PF-5088/3-5.

Image Folder PF-5088/13

James A. Boyer, circa 1930s-1940s

Black-and-white photographic negatives

8 images

Accession 103559 (Addition of February 2019).

Image Folder PF-5088/14-18

PF-5088/14

PF-5088/15

PF-5088/16

PF-5088/17

PF-5088/18

James A. Boyer family snapshots and family portraits, circa 1930s-1940s

Black-and-white photographic prints

8 images

Image Folder PF-5088/19

James A. Boyer family snapshots and family portraits, circa 1950s-1960s

Black-and-white photographic prints
Image Folder PF-5088/20

Charles H. Boyer at St. Augustine's University, Raleigh, N.C., circa 1909-1970s

Black-and-white photographic prints

Includes 3 images from original deposits (Acc. 99189 and 99305): 2 portraits of Boyer's father Charles Boyer with graduating class and one image of the Boyer family at the dedication of the Charles Henry Boyer Classroom Building on the campus of St. Augustine's College, Raleigh, N.C., 1970.

Image Folder PF-5088/21-22

PF-5088/21

PF-5088/22

Charles H. Boyer family portrait and snapshots, circa 1926

Black-and-white photographic prints

Oversize Image Folder OP-PF-5088/1

Graduates of Meharry Medical College in Nashville, Tenn., 1924

Black-and-white photographic print

Original deposits (Acc. 99189 and 99305)

Image Folder PF-5088/23

Portraits of Charles Boyer Jr., circa 1930s

Black-and-white photographic prints and Printed material

Image Folder PF-5088/24

St. Augustine's University, Raleigh, N.C.: Chapel, circa 1900s-1920s

Black-and-white photographic prints

Accession 103559 (Addition of February 2019).

Image Folder PF-5088/25

Boyer family: Halftone engravings

Engraving

3 images

Includes an image of the Boyer Family, circa 1920s and two portraits of James A. Boyer, circa 1960s

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Processing Information

Processed by: Matthew Turi, September 2002

Encoded by: Matthew Turi, September 2002

Updated by: Nancy Kaiser, March 2019; Anne Wells, August 2019; Patrick Cullom, July 2022; Jodi Berkowitz, November 2022

Since August 2017, we have added ethnic and racial identities for individuals and families represented in collections. To determine identity, we rely on self-identification; other information supplied to the repository by collection creators or sources; public records, press accounts, and secondary sources; and contextual information in the collection materials. Omissions of ethnic and racial identities in finding aids created or updated after August 2017 are an indication of insufficient information to make an educated guess or an individual's preference for identity information to be excluded from description. When we have misidentified, please let us know at wilsonlibrary@unc.edu.

In November 2022 the decision was made to integrate all accessions (Acc. 99189, 99260, 99305, 101596, 103359).

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