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This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the Duplication Policy section for more information.
|Size||14.0 feet of linear shelf space (approximately About 3500 items)|
|Abstract||The Caswell County Historical Association, headquartered in Yanceyville, N.C., was organized in 1954 to promote the study of local history and genealogy. The collection consists of materials collected by the Caswell County Historical Association, including family papers, photographs, video recordings, and account books.|
|Creator||Caswell County Historical Association.|
|Curatorial Unit||University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Southern Historical Collection.|
The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.
Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.
The Caswell County Historical Association, headquartered in Yanceyville, N.C., was organized in 1954 to promote the study of local history and genealogy. Part of Caswell County Historical Association's collection was transferred to the Southern Historical Collection in August 2008 and January 2009.Back to Top
The collection consists of materials collected by the Caswell County Historical Association. See series descriptions for details.Back to Top
The Caswell County Messenger has been serving rural Caswell County for more than 80 years. It is a weekly community newspaper that is committed to keeping and providing accurate and reliable coverage of local news while it is also seeks to reflect the values and traditions of the community it serves. Materials include photographs of people, places, and events in and around Caswell County, N.C.
|Image Folder PF-5401/Folder 1-56|
James Anderson Glenn (1765-1812), a native of Glasgow, Scotland, was a tobacco planter in Halifax County, Va., where he and his wife Isabella Wilson Glenn (1778-1846) lived in their plantation home called Bloomsbury. Isabella continued to run the plantation after her husband's death, and her personal estate included over 200 slaves. Materials are chiefly letters from James A. Glenn to his wife Isabella; to Glenn from his brother Archibald in Scotland; and to Isabella Glenn from her father John W. Wilson of Danville, Va., and others regarding family news and domestic and plantation affairs, 1791-1815. Also included are business accounts of Isabella, 1816 and 1822; lists of slaves belonging to her estate, circa 1846; accounts of tobacco sales of the Glenn's son-in-law John T. Garland, a planter in Milton, N.C., 1847; and an inventory of Garland's personal estate, 1874. In addition, there is information about the Glenn family and Bloomsburg from a website on Halifax County history. The information originally appeared as a local newspaper article.
Solomon Lea (1807-1897) was the son of William and Sarah McNeil Lea. He graduated from the University of North Carolina in 1833. In 1837, Lea married Sophia Ainger, an English woman. In 1846, he became the first president of Greensboro Female College, the first regularly chartered female college in North Carolina and the second one "south of the Potomac." He returned to Leasburg, N.C, in 1847 and, in 1848, founded the Somerville Female Institute, a school for young women; the school closed in 1892. Solomon Lea and Sophia Ainger Lea were the parents of eight children: Henrietta, Wilhemina, Lillian (Lily Ann), Anness, Addie, Eugenia, Edward, and Robert Lea. Materials include letters between Solomon Lea and his wife Sophia Ainger Lea and their children. In the 1900s, there are letters written to the Lea children from other relatives. Also included is an account book containing entries for tuition, board, schoolbooks, and supplies for students at Somerville Female Institute, 1856-1859, probably kept by principal Solomon Lea. [Adapted from the entry by Mary McAden Satterfield in The Heritage of Caswell County (1985).]
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Hugh McAden (circa 1730-20 January 1781) was a Presbyterian minister born in Pennsylvania. He graduated from the College of New Jersey (now Princeton University) in 1753; he received a master's degree in 1756. McAden also studied theology with John Blair at Fagg's Manor in Chester County, Pa., and was licensed in 1755 by the New Castle Presbytery, which sent him south as a missionary in 1755. During his stay in the South, he kept a journal. The original journal has been lost, but lengthy excerpts appear in William Henry Foote's Sketches of North Carolina (1846). McAden spent about two months in Virginia before he entered North Carolina, near the site of modern Milton in Caswell County. He visited the centers of nearly all of the early Presbyterian congregations during the nine months he spent in the colony. After his ordination in 1757 by the New Castle Presbytery, McAden returned to North Carolina to accept calls from the Duplin County congregations. His pastorate covered most of present-day Duplin, Pender, and New Hanover counties. In 1759, McAden joined the Hanover Presbytery in Virginia from which he was frequently assigned to preach at churches in North Carolina. In 1762, he married Catherine Scott of Lunenburg County, Va. He was buried at Red House Church in Caswell County, N.C. Two weeks after his death, a detachment of Lord Cornwallis's army occupied the church building and burned his library and papers. The Hugh McAden biography is a manuscript volume containing information collected by an unknown author from McAden's descendants. Included is information pertaining to the Farley, Dodson, Kersey, McMurray, and Yarbrough families. [Adapted from the entry by George W. Troxler in the Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, volume 4 (1991).]
John Henry McAden was a pharmacist who owned a dry-goods store in Semora, N.C. He was possibly the husband of Ella Temperance Yarbrough and the son-in-law of John B. Yarbrough. The account book, 1894-1901, contains entries with information for the Lea, Yarbrough, Scott, and other families. The account book, 1901-1911, contains entries for the Yarbrough, Covington, Davis, and other families. These accounts document food and other goods credited and purchased. There are also loose papers enclosed in the account book that are related to McAden's dry-goods store and pharmacy. Papers, 1904-1942, consists of receipts, post office and motor vehicle forms, and other items.
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John Henry McAden Jr.'s parents were J. H. McAden and Ella Temperance Yarbrough McAden of Semora, N.C. The baby book is titled "My Biography" and records events such as John Henry McAden Jr.'s marriage in 1933 and his death in 1967.
Ashel James McDade was born 15 October 1832 in Hudson, Caswell County, N.C. He served in the 31st North Carolina Infantry Regiment during the Civil War. McDade married Charlotte Jane Murphey on 17 October 1855 in Orange County, N.C. They had eight children before his death on 14 May 1900. His wife died 16 June 1921. The materials include receipts for taxes from Cedar Grove Township and insurance information relating to A. J. McDade and his family. There are also a few letters from G. Y. Burch and other letters from a cousin.
The Milton Women's Club, founded circa 1900, is a community development organization in Milton, N.C. Over the years, the Milton Women's Club has promoted the building of sidewalks, worked on establishing after-school activities for young children, and dealt with other issues that directly affect the community. Materials include notes and correspondence from the Milton Women's Club about the purchase and sale of the old railroad depot in Milton, N.C., and cemetery information for Caswell County families. The scrapbooks document the work of the Milton Women's Club using nursery rhyme themes.
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J. K. Montague Jr. possibly lived in Roanoke, Va. The account book documents purchases by individuals for food and other goods from J. K. Montague Jr.
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Caleb Hazard Richmond was born around 1 January 1805 in Newport, R.I. His parents were Nathaniel Richmond (b. ca. 1768) and Mary Hazard (b. ca. 1773). Caleb Hazard Richmond married his first wife Ann Samuel (Nancy) Rainey of Milton, N.C., on 11 April 1830; the couple had three children. After his first wife died on 17 February 1836, Richmond married Mary Randolph Dodson of Granville, N.C., on 28 September 1838. They had seven children. Richmond died 20 June 1861. Materials include contracts, notes, deeds, and other items relating to Caleb Hazard Richmond.
Members of the Royster family lived in Caswell County, N.C. The photograph depicts four people in a packhouse at Hycotee (noted on back of the photograph) in Caswell County, N.C. Shown in the photograph are Thelma, Anthony, Walter (Buster), and Bobby Royster.
|Image Folder PF-5401/Folder 60|
E. C. Yarbrough (Edgar Calvin Yarbrough) attended Agricultural and Mechanical College. He left school to serve in the Medical Corps during the Spanish-American War. After the war, he served as a superintendent with the Southern Bell Telephone and Telegraph Company for many years. He married Martha Scholar Harris. Lynn Banks Satterfield was born 1 January 1907, the son of John Lewis Satterfield and Ann Elizabeth Yancey Mebane. Lynn Banks Satterfield attended Smithdeal Business College in Richmond, Va. On 29 November 1933, he married Mary Yarbrough McAden, teacher; Milton, N.C., postmistress; and daughter of John Henry McAden and Ella Temperace Yarbrough McAden. Lynn Banks Satterfield was deputy director of the Tobacco Division of the United States Department of Agriculture and, for a number of years, superintendent of the Milton Methodist Sunday School. He died 30 September 1993. Materials include letters from E. C. Yarbrough primarily to Ella Yarbrough McAden and other family members. There are also facsimiles of letters between Kate M. Covington of Kentucky and her cousin Elizabeth McAden Butterworth of Petersburg, Va. Also included are letters of Lynn Banks Satterfield and Mary McAden Satterfield to various family members, friends, and organizations. [Adapted from entries by Mary McAden Satterfield in The Heritage of Caswell County (1985).]
Mary (Yarbrough) McAden Satterfield was born 15 March 1911 and died 24 June 2003. She was the daughter of John Henry McAden and Ella Temperance Yarbrough McAden. She graduated from Meredith College; taught school for many years; served as postmistress for Milton, N.C.; and was a charter member of the Milton Women's Club. She married Lynn Banks Satterfield on 29 November 1933. They had two sons: Lynn Banks Satterfield Jr. and John DeBerniere Satterfield. Materials include photographs of buildings, landscapes, and an unidentified woman. There is also a postmaster's account and cash book belonging to Mary McAden Satterfield containing information on receipts, payments, and records for postage stamp stock, printed stamped envelopes, and postage stamp cancellations.
|Image Folder PF-5401/Folder 58|
William L. Snipes was born about 1795 in Person County, N.C., and died around 1869 in Henderson County, Ky. He married Mary Y. Tapp on 5 June 1822 in Person County. Elijah Snipes was born 15 December 1808 in Person County. In 1832, he married Eliza Harriet Russell. He died 13 January 1886. Elijah and Eliza Russell Snipes were the parents of several children, two of whom were George Thomas, born 7 May 1838, and William Franklin Snipes, born 15 October 1849. Papers are chiefly receipts, possibly for personal loans and accounts relating to members of the Snipes family during the early and late 19th century.
John Walter Stephens (John "Chicken" Stephens) was born 14 October 1834 near Bruce's Crossroads, Guilford County, N.C. In 1857, he married Nannie (Nancy) E. Walters, who died two years later leaving an infant daughter. In 1860, he married Martha Frances Groom of Wentworth, N.C., who also gave birth to a daughter. An active Methodist, John Stephens was an agent for the American Bible and Tract Society for about a year. In 1866, Stephens moved to Yanceyville, N.C., where he served as an agent of the Freedmen's Bureau and became an active member of the Union League and the Republican Party. In 1868, he was elected to the state Senate. These activities led to him being socially ostracized and expelled from the Methodist Church. On 21 May 1870, while observing a Democratic Party county convention at the courthouse, he was lured away from the proceedings by Frank Wiley, a former Democratic sheriff, and murdered by Wiley and members of the Ku Klux Klan. Details of the murder were not revealed for 65 years, but the involvement of the Ku Klux Klan was suspected from the beginning. It was in response to this crime that Governor William W. Holden called out the militia under Colonel George W. Kirk (the Kirk-Holden War). Materials are chiefly newspaper clippings about the life and death of John Walter Stephens and the involvement of the Ku Klux Klan in his murder. There is also a videotape titled "The Murder of John Stephens" (a Piedmont Community College FVPT Production). [Adapted from the entry by Allen W. Trelease in the Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, volume 4 (1991).]
George Nicholas Thompson was born 18 March 1832. He received his license to practice law in 1855 after studying in Hillsborough, N.C., for two years. During the Civil War, Thompson was a major in the Home Guard. Thompson was married three times. In 1858, he married Bettie Johnston (1837-1880); they had five children: Luly, Mary, Roberta Lea, Samuel Nicholas, and Bessie Thompson. On 26 January 1876, he married Roberta Ann Neal; they had four children: Anabel Lea, James Neal, Sarah (Sallie) Lewis, and Ida Virginia. On 5 December 1883, he married Ella Williams Graves, who had graduated with diplomas in liberal arts and music from Roanoke College in 1868 (now Averett College) in Danville, Va. They had three children: Azariah Graves, Ella Graves, and George Nicholas Thompson Jr. George Nicholas Thompson served as superintendent of schools of Caswell County; as a trustee of the University of North Carolina; and, in 1885, as a representative in the North Carolina legislature. Ella Graves Thompson never married. She graduated from Meredith College in 1909 and then attended the University of Chicago. She taught at Meredith College for two years and then taught Latin at East Carolina Teachers College for a few years. In 1936, she toured Europe for three months and then returned to Leasburg, N.C., where she lived until her death in 1970. James Neal Thompson, a hotel manager in North Carolina and Florida, married Lillie Hammond in 1891. Materials are chiefly letters among the children of George Nicholas Thompson, chiefly Ella Graves Thompson and James Neal Thompson. Letters discuss family matters, education, travel, and news of family and friends. Also included are photographs, most of which show Thompson family members and their friends. Among the photographs is one with a letter written on the verso in which James Neal Thompson described the arrival of Charles A. Lindbergh in Havana, Cuba, on 8 February 1928. [Adapted from the entry by Ella Thompson Hobbs in The Heritage of Caswell County (1985).]
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Joseph Silas Totten (1806-1861) of Yanceyville, N.C., was a slave trader, planter, and president of the Yanceyville Plank Road Company. He and Allen Gunn of Yanceyville traded under the name of Totten & Gunn, and Totten traveled the South in his business of speculating in slaves. Among the children he and his wife Amanda McAlpin Totten (1821-1890) had was a son, Leroy Logan M. Totten (1843-1903), who served in the Confederate army during the Civil War. Materials are chiefly letters, 1833-1850s, to Joseph S. Totten from his business partner Allen Gunn and other associates in Caswell County, N.C., Gallatin and Jackson, Miss., and elsewhere in the South regarding debts and suits, the price of slaves, financial conditions, and related business matters. Included are receipts for the sale of slaves and other financial and legal documents related to Totten's business interests, including an action in equity brought against him by Gunn. There is also a photocopy of an account book kept by Totten, 1832-1858, recording credits and debits of the firm of Totten & Gunn, including lists of slaves bought and sold and other transactions, as well as some tobacco farming and Yanceyville Plank Road Company accounts and a few personal expenses. Other letters, 1850s-1876, are mostly to Totten's son Leroy Logan M. Totten and wife Amanda McAlpin Totten from friends and family on subjects including postwar economic conditions and political attitudes in North Carolina and elsewhere. In addition, there are receipts, legal papers, accounts, and an annual shareholders' report of the Yanceyville Plank Road Company, 1854-1861, as well as assorted tax, tuition, and medical receipts, 1835-1876. There are also three small record books that document the sale of slaves, travel expenses for Totten & Gunn, and other related matters.
Yanceyville, first incorporated in 1833, is the county seat of Caswell County, N.C. The original court house was completed circa 1861; located in the center of town, it is now a museum that houses historical records. The modern court house is located a few blocks away from the old court house. Materials include photographs and clippings of the old courthouse in Yanceyville, N.C., as well as items relating to its renovation. There are also photographs of other buildings, events, and people in Yanceyville, N.C.
|Image Folder PF-5401/Folder 59|
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Members of the Yarbrough family lived in Semora, N.C., in Caswell County, N.C. Daniel Harrison Yarbrough and Mary John Yarbrough were two of six of John B. Yarbrough's children. Daniel Harrison Yarbrough attended the local schools of Semora, N.C., and later went to Texas to become a conductor on the Cotton Belt Railroad. He married Cordie Heath. Mary John Yarbrough attended Milton Female Academy and the University of Virginia and became a teacher. She married Walter Lee Taylor. Materials include correspondence among members of the Yarbrough family, but chiefly between Daniel Harrison Yarbrough and Mary John Yarbrough. There are also letters from their other siblings, family members, and friends. The letters, written from Arkansas, North Carolina, Virginia, Texas, and other locations, discuss family, school, work, and other personal issues. [Adapted from the entry by Mary McAden Satterfield in the The Heritage of Caswell County (1985).]
John B. Yarbrough, a son of Joseph J. Yarbrough and his wife Mary Herring Yarbrough, was born 6 January 1841 in Caswell County, N.C., and died 7 January 1922. He attended Trinity College, and, after the Civil War, became a millwright and served as justice of the peace and county commissioner. He married his cousin Mary Louisa Harrison. In 1878, he and his family moved to Semora, N.C. John B. Yarbrough and his wife had six children: Jesse Walton Yarbrough, Ella Temperance Yarbrough, Louis Thomas Yarbrough, Mary John Yarbrough, Edgar Calvin Yarbrough, and Daniel Harrison Yarbrough. The court docket includes documentation of court proceedings and loan contracts between 1914 and 1920. [Adapted from the entry by Mary McAden Satterfield in The Heritage of Caswell County (1985).]
O. R. Yarbrough was a son of Henry Mitchelle Yarbrough and Ida Dixon Yarbrough. Materials are chiefly receipts and records of O. R. Yarbrough between 1930 and the 1940s. Included are the "Constitution of the Farmers' State Alliance of North Carolina, 1890 and 1892" and "Farm Business Summary and Comparison for 32 Farms in Person County, 1936." There are also inventories and farm sale records that show where and when tobacco, eggs, poultry, dairy, veal, and other related products were sold.
Yarbrough's Foundry was an ironworks near Milton, N.C., operated by Joseph Joel Yarbrough (1821-1896). Materials consist of a patent issued to Joseph Joel Yarbrough of Milton, N.C., for an "Improvement in Dressing Millstones," 1860, and a mimeographed typescript of "Yarbrough's Foundry: A Paper Read Before the Caswell County Historical Association, April 13th, 1960, at Yanceyville, N.C." by E. S. Yarbrough.
Dorothy Yarbrough Zimmerman was born 15 June 1916 to Webb C. and Ida Siddle Yarbrough of Caswell County, N.C. She was a educator. From 1950 to 1982, she served as curriculum supervisor of the Caswell County Schools. During that time, she also served as state president of the North Carolina Supervisors, was a state officer of Delta Kappa Gamma, and was a member of the North Carolina Textbook Commission. Prior to her supervisory work, she taught school in Ellerbe, N.C., Boston, Mass., Washington, D.C., and Caswell County. While teaching, she also worked with the Girls Scouts in summer camp and as an organizer of scouting in Caswell County, N.C. Materials include a diploma from Boston University's School of Education, newspaper clippings, report cards for Dorothy and her sister Zora, photographs of Dorothy Y. Zimmerman chiefly during her school years, and other items.
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Chiefly items where creators are unclear. Included is a payment receipt book for Person County, N.C., members of the Hospital Care Association Inc. of Durham, N.C., with blank payroll deduction forms and empty envelopes addressed to Rachel Duncan and Kirk Duncan; a grade book possibly belonging to Ella and Louis Yarbrough recording attendance, 1896-1907, at the Red House School, North View Academy School, Lebanon Academy, and a public school in District Number 32, Caswell County, N.C.; a memo book used for taking notes during trustee proceedings, 1907-1909, at the Semora, N.C., graded school with notations that document payments made to the school; a letter that was possibly written by G. W. Long addressed to "My Dear Sis"; a letter, on the same paper addressed to "My dear little granddaughter," which mentions the injury of the author's left arm in a fall, activities of family members and friends, fruit and vegetables grown, and the birth of kittens; burial permits for Semora and Caswell County; letters addressed to Bettie, Eugenia, Mary, and Willie; a handwritten document entitled "The Best Altitude of Woman"; Convention Sunday School records, 1929, for the Semora Baptist Sunday School; and two account books, one with entries, 1898-1913, for food and other items for citizens of Milton, N.C., and the other with entries, 1898-1900s, for food and other items for citizens of Caswell County, N.C.
Payment receipt book for members in Person Ccunty, N.C., of the Hospital Care Association Inc., Durham, N.C., 1950s #05401, Series: "24. Other Papers, 1870s-1950s and undated." Folder 19
Also contains blank payroll deduction forms, and empty envelopes addressed to Rachel Duncan and Kirk Duncan.
Grade Book and Memo Book, 1896-1909 #05401, Series: "24. Other Papers, 1870s-1950s and undated." Folder 20
Grade book possibly belonging to Ella and Louis Yarbrough. It records attendance, 1896-1907, for the Red House School, North View Academy School, Lebanon Academy, and a public school in District Number 32, Caswell County, N.C. The memo book was used for taking notes during trustee proceedings, 1907-1909, for the Semora, N.C., graded school. There are notations in the back of the book that document payments made to the school.
Letter addressed to "My Dear Sis" that possibly was written by G. W. Long; letter, on the same paper, addressed to "My dear little granddaughter," which mentions the injury of the author's left arm in a fall, activities of family members and friends, fruit and vegetables grown, and the birth of kittens.
Convention Sunday School Records, 1929 #05401, Series: "24. Other Papers, 1870s-1950s and undated." Folder 63
Records showing attendance, registry, reporting, and other information for the Semora Baptist Sunday School.
Contains letters addressed to Bettie, Eugenia, Mary, and Willie.
"The Best Altitude of Woman," undated #05401, Series: "24. Other Papers, 1870s-1950s and undated." Folder 65
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Contains accounts for food and other items for citizens of Milton, N.C.
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Contains accounts for food and other items for citizens of Caswell County, N.C.
Acquisitions Information: Accession 101162
Processing Note: Titles and descriptions compiled from original containers or cases. An additional videotape (VT-5401/1) resides in Series 15, John Walter Stephens Murder Clippings and Videotape.
Videotapes related to the Leasburg United Methodist Church in Caswell County, N.C. Most likely interviews with church members. Recordings are on MiniDV.
Processed by: Will Andersen, October 2008, and Jennifer Thompson, March 2009
Encoded by: Will Andersen, October 2008, and Jennifer Thompson, March 2009
Updated by: Nancy Kaiser, January 2021; Anne Wells, Andrew Crook, Melanie Meents, Shaw Lentz, August 2021Back to Top