Collection Number: 05503

Collection Title: Clegg Family Papers, circa 1840s-1935

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the Duplication Policy section for more information.


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Size 2.0 feet of linear shelf space (approximately 150 items)
Abstract The collection documents the white Clegg family and enslaved and (likely) formerly enslaved people who worked at the family's farms, mercantile businesses, and gold and mineral mines in Moore, Chatham, and Forsyth Counties, N.C. Materials include account ledgers and time books kept by brothers Isaac N. Clegg (1823-1864), Thomas J. Clegg (1828-1862), and William Baxter Clegg (1834-1912) for Rock Springs Steam Saw Mill and Soapstone Mills, with entries for enslaved people and (likely) formerly enslaved people, usually listed with only a first name; a copy of a January 1865 letter concerning conscription of people enslaved at the farm of William Baxter Clegg to work on fortifications for the Confederate States of America Army; scattered financial documents; documents from the mid-1870s pertaining to the establishment of a Moore County, N.C., chapter of the National Grange of the Order of Patrons of Husbandry; copies of an 1890s political newsletter titled "The Shooting Stick"; correspondence received by Marie Lee Clegg (1872-1960) in the late 1890s; and William Russell Clegg's University of North Carolina law school notebooks from circa 1905. Other white Clegg family members represented in the collection include Isaac N. Clegg (1823-1864) and Thomas J. Clegg (1828-1862).
Creator Clegg (Family : Moore County, N.C.)
Language English
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Restrictions to Access
No restrictions. Open for research.
Restrictions to Use
No usage restrictions.
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the Clegg Family Papers #05503, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Acquisitions Information
Received from William Russell Clegg in August 2011 (Acc. 101479).
Sensitive Materials Statement
Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, the North Carolina Public Records Act (N.C.G.S. § 132 1 et seq.), and Article 7 of the North Carolina State Personnel Act (Privacy of State Employee Personnel Records, N.C.G.S. § 126-22 et seq.). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill assumes no responsibility.
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The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.

Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Biographical Information

Clegg family members represented in the collection include brothers Isaac N. Clegg (1823-1864), Thomas J. Clegg (1828-1862), and William Baxter Clegg (1834-1912). The brothers owned farms and mercantile stores and other businesses in Chatham, Forsyth, and Moore Counties, N.C. Marie Lee Clegg (1872-1960) and William Russell Clegg are also represented.

Enslaved people and (likely) formerly enslaved people who worked on the Clegg farms and in the mills are also represented in the collection, but often by first name only. Included are Horace, Henry, and John, who worked on Clegg farms. Others represented in various account books are Gillis, Lorenzo, Dempsey, Silas, Solomon, Henderson, Jerry, Macolm [sic], Alfred, Bob, Dan, Manuel, Simon, Willis, Wesley, George, Isaac, Dave, Ben, Percy, Mary, Kidd, Cato, Bill, Cooper Alston, Harman Alston, James Brewer, Isabella Clegg, Emeline Clegg, Brantley Cheek, Redin Davis, Green Dowdy, Elias Hayes, Joseph Harrington, George Lane, Joseph Lane, George McRea, John Petty, Henry Peoples, Elias Phillips, Arch Rieves, William Rieves, John Roberts, Levy Tyson, Elisha Tyson, James Tyson, Essex Womble, Daniel Womble, Blake Womble, and John White.

Also included is an entry for a worker who was Indigenous: John Taylor.

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The collection documents the white Clegg family and people who were enslaved and (likely) formerly enslaved at the family's farms, mercantile businesses, and gold and mineral mines in Moore, Chatham, and Forsyth Counties, N.C. Materials include account ledgers and time books kept by brothers Isaac N. Clegg (1823-1864), Thomas J. Clegg (1828-1862), and William Baxter Clegg (1834-1912) for Rock Springs Steam Saw Mill and Soapstone Mills, with entries for enslaved people and (likely) formerly enslaved people, usually listed with only a first name; a copy of a January 1865 letter concerning conscription of people enslaved at the farm of William Baxter Clegg to work on fortifications for the Confederate States of America Army; scattered financial documents; documents from the mid-1870s pertaining to the establishment of a Moore County, N.C., chapter of the National Grange of the Order of Patrons of Husbandry; copies of an 1890s political newsletter titled "The Shooting Stick"; correspondence received by Marie Lee Clegg (1872-1960) in the late 1890s; and William Russell Clegg's University of North Carolina law school notebooks from circa 1905. Other white Clegg family members represented in the collection include Isaac N. Clegg (1823-1864) and Thomas J. Clegg (1828-1862).

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Contents list

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Clegg Family Papers, 1840s-1935.

150 items.

Arrangement: as received

Oversize Volume SV-5503/1

Account book and scrapbook, circa 1903 #05503, Series: "Clegg Family Papers, 1840s-1935." SV-5503/1

Includes alphabetical list of names, merchandise and interest entries, clippings on religion, spirituality, and philosophy.

Oversize Volume SV-5503/2

Rock Springs Steam Saw Mill, circa 1866-1868 #05503, Series: "Clegg Family Papers, 1840s-1935." SV-5503/2

Mill account includes entries documenting the work of people who were (likely) formerly enslaved, as indicated by use of first name only. Examples include but are not limited to: Gillis, Lorenzo, Dempsey, Silas, Solomon, Henderson, Jerry, Macolm.

Oversize Volume SV-5503/3

Mill account book, circa 1866-1868 #05503, Series: "Clegg Family Papers, 1840s-1935." SV-5503/3

Entries of mill workers and their debts and credits. Workers who were (likely) formerly enslaved are listed by their first name only. Examples include but are not limited to: Jerry (page 8); Henry (page 8); Bob (page 9); Lorenzo and Henderson (page 13); Dan, Manuel, and, Gillis (page 17); Simon (page 18); Solomon (page 19); Silas and Dempsey (page 22); Macolm (page 26); Willis (page 28); Wesley, George, and Isaac (page 29); Dave (page 32); Ben (page 36); Percy (page 51); Henry (page 56).

Oversize Volume SV-5503/4

Soapstone Mills merchandise account book, 1870 #05503, Series: "Clegg Family Papers, 1840s-1935." SV-5503/4

Folder 1

Account book with names of enslaved people, 1854-1860 #05503, Series: "Clegg Family Papers, 1840s-1935." Folder 1

Includes Alfred (Clegg) and Horace (Clegg), as well as John, an Indigenous person.

Folder 2

Accounts, circa 1854-1857 #05503, Series: "Clegg Family Papers, 1840s-1935." Folder 2

Folder 3

Accounts, circa 1854-1860 #05503, Series: "Clegg Family Papers, 1840s-1935." Folder 3

Folder 4

Day Book: Oak Grove, 1854, and Soapstone Mills, 1859 #05503, Series: "Clegg Family Papers, 1840s-1935." Folder 4

"Thomas J. Clegg Day Book Opened at Oak Grove Forsythe County North Carolina The 5th day of May 1857."

"Thomas J. Clegg and William B. Clegg Commenced the merchentile __ at the Soapstone Mills and bought the first _ in Fayetteville May 25th 1859."

Folder 5

White Soap Stone Co. receipt book, 1859-1861 #05503, Series: "Clegg Family Papers, 1840s-1935." Folder 5

Folder 6

Soapstone Mills merchandise account book, 1859 #05503, Series: "Clegg Family Papers, 1840s-1935." Folder 6

Folder 7

Soapstone Mills merchandise account book, 1860 #05503, Series: "Clegg Family Papers, 1840s-1935." Folder 7

Folder 8

Soapstone Mills merchandise account book, 1861 #05503, Series: "Clegg Family Papers, 1840s-1935." Folder 8

Folder 9

Accounts, circa 1860-1861 #05503, Series: "Clegg Family Papers, 1840s-1935." Folder 9

Folder 10

Accounts, 1864-1865 #05503, Series: "Clegg Family Papers, 1840s-1935." Folder 10

Folder 11

Soapstone Mills merchandise account book, 1869-1870 #05503, Series: "Clegg Family Papers, 1840s-1935." Folder 11

Folder 12

Soapstone Mills merchandise account book, circa 1869-1871 #05503, Series: "Clegg Family Papers, 1840s-1935." Folder 12

Includes entries for African American people who were (likely) formerly enslaved: Cooper Alston, Harman Alston, James Brewer, Isabella Clegg, Emeline Clegg, Brantley Cheek, Redin Davis, Green Dowdy, Elias Hayes, Joseph Harrington, George Lane, Joseph Lane, George McRea, John Petty, Henry Peoples, Elias Phillips, Arch Rieves, William Rieves, John Roberts, Levy Tyson, Elisha Tyson, James Tyson, Essex Womble, Daniel Womble, John White, Blake Womble.

Also included is an entry for a worker who was Indigenous: John Taylor.

Folder 13

Rock Spring Steam Saw Mill, circa 1866-1867 #05503, Series: "Clegg Family Papers, 1840s-1935." Folder 13

Includes entries for African American workers who were (likely) formerly enslaved: Jerry, Gillis, Lorenzo, Dempsey, Silas, Henderson, Henry, Dan, Wesley, John, Macolm.

Folder 14

Farm time book, circa 1865-1868 #05503, Series: "Clegg Family Papers, 1840s-1935." Folder 14

Includes entries for African American workers who were (likely) formerly enslaved: Dan, Henry, John, Simon, John, Cato, Bill, Emeline.

Folder 15

Rocky River Mill time book, 1865, 1875-1876 #05503, Series: "Clegg Family Papers, 1840s-1935." Folder 15

Includes entries for African American workers who were (likely) formerly enslaved: Solomon, Jerry, Mary.

Folder 16

Time book, circa 1872-1873 #05503, Series: "Clegg Family Papers, 1840s-1935." Folder 16

Includes entries for African American workers who were (likely) formerly enslaved: Solomon, Isaac, Mary.

Folder 17

Farm time book, circa 24 August 1873-1874 #05503, Series: "Clegg Family Papers, 1840s-1935." Folder 17

Includes entries for African American workers who were (likely) formerly enslaved: Horace, Kidd, Mary.

Folder 18

Goldmine, circa 1870,1874-1875 #05503, Series: "Clegg Family Papers, 1840s-1935." Folder 18

Folder 19

Time book, 1872 #05503, Series: "Clegg Family Papers, 1840s-1935." Folder 19

Folder 20

Correspondence, 1865 #05503, Series: "Clegg Family Papers, 1840s-1935." Folder 20

Letter to Colonel William Richardson, 6 January 1865, from Moore County, N.C., mentions Horace and Henry who were enslaved and working on W. B. Clegg's farm until fall 1863, when they were sent to Wilmington. Horace died at Wilmington and Henry returned to Clegg's farm too sick to work. The letter requests that the other people enslaved by Clegg family members not be conscripted to work on fortifications for the Confederate Army because they all had been trafficked out to other places at that time, or they were enslaved by minors. The only enslaved person remaining at the farm was John, who was enslaved by the letter writer’s brother Benjamin Franklin Clegg (1836-1926). John was considered to have mental and physical disabilities.

Folder 21

Marie Clegg correspondence, 1890s #05503, Series: "Clegg Family Papers, 1840s-1935." Folder 21

Folder 22

Scattered documents, circa 1860s-1870s #05503, Series: "Clegg Family Papers, 1840s-1935." Folder 22

Folder 23

Scattered documents, circa 1860s-1920s #05503, Series: "Clegg Family Papers, 1840s-1935." Folder 23

Folder 24

Grange, circa 1870s #05503, Series: "Clegg Family Papers, 1840s-1935." Folder 24

Folder 25

The Shooting Stick, circa 1864 #05503, Series: "Clegg Family Papers, 1840s-1935." Folder 25

Folder 26

Law school notebooks, circa 1905, 1935 #05503, Series: "Clegg Family Papers, 1840s-1935." Folder 26

Notebooks of William Russell Clegg (1877-1945). Also includes a copy of State of North Carolina v. Arnie Carlyle, Ed Gaddy, Luther Smith, and Robert Comer in the Supreme Court of Northa Carolina, fall term, 1935. Clegg served as attorney for Ed Gaddy.

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Processing Information

Processed by: Laura Hart, June 2019; Meaghan Alston and Nancy Kaiser, September 2021

Encoded by: Laura Hart, June 2019

Since August 2017, we have added ethnic and racial identities for individuals and families represented in collections. To determine identity, we rely on self-identification; other information supplied to the repository by collection creators or sources; public records, press accounts, and secondary sources; and contextual information in the collection materials. Omissions of ethnic and racial identities in finding aids created or updated after August 2017 are an indication of insufficient information to make an educated guess or an individual's preference for identity information to be excluded from description. When we have misidentified, please let us know at wilsonlibrary@unc.edu.

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