Collection Number: 05656

Collection Title: Hugh MacRae Papers, 1887-1970s, 2006

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the Duplication Policy section for more information.


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Size 46.5 feet of linear shelf space (approximately 6500 items)
Abstract The collection documents the business dealings of white supremacist, industrialist, and agriculturalist Hugh MacRae, specifically through the Carolina Trucking Development Company, Hugh MacRae and Company, Oleander Development Company, and the Carolina Real Estate Trust Company. Collection materials include correspondence, ledgers, contracts, maps, and deeds, 1940s-1970s. Also included are items related to the neighborhoods and farming colonies established by MacRae in southeastern North Carolina, including Artesia, Audubon, Castle Hayne, Marathon, New Berlin, Long Bridge Bay, Noble Lands, Oleander, Penderlea, St. Helena, Van Eeden, Winter Park Heights, and Woodburn, and a small amount of material related to the Linville Land, Manufacturing, and Mining Company (later the Linville Improvement Company), Invershiel Farm, and the development of Wrightsville Beach. Acquired as part of the Southern Historical Collection.
Creator MacRae, Hugh, 1865-1951.
Language English
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Restrictions to Access
No restrictions. Open for research.
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the Hugh MacRae Papers #5656, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Acquisitions Information
Received Hugh MacRae II in October 2015 (Acc. 102328); and from the Pender County Library via Michael Taylor in October 2015 (Acc. 102330).
Sensitive Materials Statement
Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, the North Carolina Public Records Act (N.C.G.S. § 132 1 et seq.), and Article 7 of the North Carolina State Personnel Act (Privacy of State Employee Personnel Records, N.C.G.S. § 126-22 et seq.). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill assumes no responsibility.
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The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.

Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Biographical Information

Hugh MacRae (1865-1951) was a white industrialist and agriculturalist in twentieth-century North Carolina, as well as a leading figure in the 1898 massacre and coup in Wilmington, and grandfather to conservationist photographer Hugh Morton. MacRae began his career mining in western North Carolina, eventually purchasing tens of thousands of acres of land for tourist development. In the 1890s through early 1900s, MacRae moved to Wilmington and developed numerous consolidated transportation, power, real estate, and land development companies. MacRae played a central role in planning and executing the overthrow of the Republican-led government in Wilmington in November of 1898, by holding meetings at his home, drafting grievances, and organizing gatherings. During the twentieth century, he was most noted for developing a modern tourism economy in southeastern North Carolina beaches, and for spearheading experimental farming colonies geared toward attracting European immigrants to North Carolina.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Scope and Content

The collection documents the business dealings of white supremacist, industrialist, and agriculturalist Hugh MacRae, specifically through the Carolina Trucking Development Company, Hugh MacRae and Company, Oleander Development Company, and the Carolina Real Estate Trust Company. Collection materials include correspondence, ledgers, contracts, maps, and deeds, 1940s-1970s. Also included are items related to the neighborhoods and farming colonies established by MacRae in southeastern North Carolina, including Artesia, Audubon, Castle Hayne, Marathon, New Berlin, Long Bridge Bay, Noble Lands, Oleander, Penderlea, St. Helena, Van Eeden, Winter Park Heights, and Woodburn, and a small amount of material related to the Linville Land, Manufacturing, and Mining Company (later the Linville Improvement Company), Invershiel Farm, and the development of Wrightsville Beach.

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Contents list

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Hugh MacRae Papers, 1887-1970s, 2006.

About 6500 items.

Arrangement: as received.

Box 1-17

Box 1

Box 2

Box 3

Box 4

Box 5

Box 6

Box 7

Box 8

Box 9

Box 10

Box 11

Box 12

Box 13

Box 14

Box 15

Box 16

Box 17

Land deeds #05656, Series: "Hugh MacRae Papers, 1887-1970s, 2006." Box 1-17

Deeds are organized by lot.

Box 18

Artesia #05656, Series: "Hugh MacRae Papers, 1887-1970s, 2006." Box 18

Audobon #05656, Series: "Hugh MacRae Papers, 1887-1970s, 2006." Box 18

Brunswick County Tracts #05656, Series: "Hugh MacRae Papers, 1887-1970s, 2006." Box 18

Carolina Trucking Development Company Contracts #05656, Series: "Hugh MacRae Papers, 1887-1970s, 2006." Box 18

Castle Hayne #05656, Series: "Hugh MacRae Papers, 1887-1970s, 2006." Box 18

Box 19

Castle Hayne #05656, Series: "Hugh MacRae Papers, 1887-1970s, 2006." Box 19

Fort Fisher #05656, Series: "Hugh MacRae Papers, 1887-1970s, 2006." Box 19

Invershiel #05656, Series: "Hugh MacRae Papers, 1887-1970s, 2006." Box 19

Linville and Wrightsville Beach #05656, Series: "Hugh MacRae Papers, 1887-1970s, 2006." Box 19

MacRae Land and Business Records #05656, Series: "Hugh MacRae Papers, 1887-1970s, 2006." Box 19

Marathon #05656, Series: "Hugh MacRae Papers, 1887-1970s, 2006." Box 19

Box 20

Marathon #05656, Series: "Hugh MacRae Papers, 1887-1970s, 2006." Box 20

New Berlin #05656, Series: "Hugh MacRae Papers, 1887-1970s, 2006." Box 20

Oleander #05656, Series: "Hugh MacRae Papers, 1887-1970s, 2006." Box 20

Penderlea #05656, Series: "Hugh MacRae Papers, 1887-1970s, 2006." Box 20

Princess Place #05656, Series: "Hugh MacRae Papers, 1887-1970s, 2006." Box 20

St. Helena #05656, Series: "Hugh MacRae Papers, 1887-1970s, 2006." Box 20

Box 21

St. Helena #05656, Series: "Hugh MacRae Papers, 1887-1970s, 2006." Box 21

St. Helena, Churches of (Castle Hayne) #05656, Series: "Hugh MacRae Papers, 1887-1970s, 2006." Box 21

Samson County #05656, Series: "Hugh MacRae Papers, 1887-1970s, 2006." Box 21

Sandlin #05656, Series: "Hugh MacRae Papers, 1887-1970s, 2006." Box 21

Timber contracts #05656, Series: "Hugh MacRae Papers, 1887-1970s, 2006." Box 21

Van Eden #05656, Series: "Hugh MacRae Papers, 1887-1970s, 2006." Box 21

Winter Park #05656, Series: "Hugh MacRae Papers, 1887-1970s, 2006." Box 21

Agent contracts #05656, Series: "Hugh MacRae Papers, 1887-1970s, 2006." Box 21

General #05656, Series: "Hugh MacRae Papers, 1887-1970s, 2006." Box 21

Box 22

Carolina Development Trucking Company: Notice of Land Sale Index Cards, 1906-1912 #05656, Series: "Hugh MacRae Papers, 1887-1970s, 2006." Box 22

Box 23

Maps #05656, Series: "Hugh MacRae Papers, 1887-1970s, 2006." Box 23

Letterhead Drawings #05656, Series: "Hugh MacRae Papers, 1887-1970s, 2006." Box 23

Fernell Tract, Garden City, Audubon over Bunham #05656, Series: "Hugh MacRae Papers, 1887-1970s, 2006." Box 23

Penderlea News Articles #05656, Series: "Hugh MacRae Papers, 1887-1970s, 2006." Box 23

Hugh Morton Obituaries #05656, Series: "Hugh MacRae Papers, 1887-1970s, 2006." Box 23

Oleander Development Company #05656, Series: "Hugh MacRae Papers, 1887-1970s, 2006." Box 23

House of Representatives Pamphlets, 1927-1930 #05656, Series: "Hugh MacRae Papers, 1887-1970s, 2006." Box 23

Correspondence and Addresses on Penderlea Farms Development, 1929-1935 #05656, Series: "Hugh MacRae Papers, 1887-1970s, 2006." Box 23

Penderlea News Articles, 1927-1937; 2006 #05656, Series: "Hugh MacRae Papers, 1887-1970s, 2006." Box 23

71st Congress Bills Establishing Rural Communities, 1929-1930 #05656, Series: "Hugh MacRae Papers, 1887-1970s, 2006." Box 23

Radio Address on the Farm Tenant Homes Corporation Bill given by Senator J. H. Bankhead, 1935 #05656, Series: "Hugh MacRae Papers, 1887-1970s, 2006." Box 23

Minutes of Conference on Rural Life, Washington, D.C., March 4, 1935 #05656, Series: "Hugh MacRae Papers, 1887-1970s, 2006." Box 23

Farm Colonies Promotional Speeches and Writings #05656, Series: "Hugh MacRae Papers, 1887-1970s, 2006." Box 23

Hugh MacRae news clippings #05656, Series: "Hugh MacRae Papers, 1887-1970s, 2006." Box 23

Hugh MacRae's Practical Application of Common Sense in Colonization #05656, Series: "Hugh MacRae Papers, 1887-1970s, 2006." Box 23

Bringing Immigrants to the South by Hugh MacRae (pamphlet) #05656, Series: "Hugh MacRae Papers, 1887-1970s, 2006." Box 23

Translation of article in "La Vita Internazionale" (August 2, 1908) on St. Helena colony #05656, Series: "Hugh MacRae Papers, 1887-1970s, 2006." Box 23

La Vita Internazionale (magazine in original Italian) #05656, Series: "Hugh MacRae Papers, 1887-1970s, 2006." Box 23

"Will your Home be as Happy as Theirs?" Colliers' National Weekly 70.3, 15 July 1922 #05656, Series: "Hugh MacRae Papers, 1887-1970s, 2006." Box 23

Papers, 1900s-1930s #05656, Series: "Hugh MacRae Papers, 1887-1970s, 2006." Box 23

Acquisition Information: Accession 102330

Papers relating to Hugh MacRae's plan to develop agricultural colonies that would attract immigrant farmers to southeastern North Carolina. Materials include a map of Invershiel; a copy of map of "Colonies Established by Hugh MacRae & Co., Inc."; articles about the future of the southern plantation, farm tenancy, immigration, and agricultural, industrial, and urban social security that were published or presented at the Southern Policy Conference; the Conference on Reclamation, Settlement, ad Farm Development; and the Southeastern Council in 1937.

Box 24

Ledger: Oleander Development Company Sewer and Assessments, 1940-1943 #05656, Series: "Hugh MacRae Papers, 1887-1970s, 2006." Box 24

Ledgers (3): Invershiel, Inc. 1939-1950 #05656, Series: "Hugh MacRae Papers, 1887-1970s, 2006." Box 24

Box 25

Ledgers (2): Personal Hugh MacRae 1926-1952 #05656, Series: "Hugh MacRae Papers, 1887-1970s, 2006." Box 25

Box 26

Ledgers (3): Hugh MacRae and Co., 1918-1951 #05656, Series: "Hugh MacRae Papers, 1887-1970s, 2006." Box 26

Box 27

Ledgers (2): Hugh MacRae and Co., 1929-1942 #05656, Series: "Hugh MacRae Papers, 1887-1970s, 2006." Box 27

Box 28

Ledgers (3): Hugh MacRae and Co., 1926-1942 #05656, Series: "Hugh MacRae Papers, 1887-1970s, 2006." Box 28

Box 29

Ledgers (3): Hugh MacRae and Co., 1936-1944 #05656, Series: "Hugh MacRae Papers, 1887-1970s, 2006." Box 29

Box 30

Ledgers (2): Hugh MacRae and Co., 1926-1939 #05656, Series: "Hugh MacRae Papers, 1887-1970s, 2006." Box 30

Box 31

Ledger: Hugh MacRae and Co., 1928-1942 #05656, Series: "Hugh MacRae Papers, 1887-1970s, 2006." Box 31

Box 32

Ledgers (2): Hugh MacRae and Co., 1929-1945 #05656, Series: "Hugh MacRae Papers, 1887-1970s, 2006." Box 32

Box 33

Ledgers (2): Unlabled #05656, Series: "Hugh MacRae Papers, 1887-1970s, 2006." Box 33

Box 34

Ledger: Carolina Real Estate Trust Co., 1910-1943 #05656, Series: "Hugh MacRae Papers, 1887-1970s, 2006." Box 34

Ledger: Oleander Development Co. #05656, Series: "Hugh MacRae Papers, 1887-1970s, 2006." Box 34

Box 35

Ledger: Invershiel, Incorporated #05656, Series: "Hugh MacRae Papers, 1887-1970s, 2006." Box 35

Box 36

Ledger: Carolina Real Estate Trust Company #05656, Series: "Hugh MacRae Papers, 1887-1970s, 2006." Box 36

Box 37

Ledgers (2): unlabeled #05656, Series: "Hugh MacRae Papers, 1887-1970s, 2006." Box 37

Box 38

Ledgers (3): unlabled #05656, Series: "Hugh MacRae Papers, 1887-1970s, 2006." Box 38

Box 39

Ledger: Invershiel, Incorporated #05656, Series: "Hugh MacRae Papers, 1887-1970s, 2006." Box 39

Box 40

Ledger: Hugh MacRae and Co. #05656, Series: "Hugh MacRae Papers, 1887-1970s, 2006." Box 40

Ledger: unlabled #05656, Series: "Hugh MacRae Papers, 1887-1970s, 2006." Box 40

Ledger: Oleander Development Co. #05656, Series: "Hugh MacRae Papers, 1887-1970s, 2006." Box 40

Box 41

Assorted blueprints and maps (rolled) #05656, Series: "Hugh MacRae Papers, 1887-1970s, 2006." Box 41

Oversize Paper Folder OPF-5656/1-5

OPF-5656/1

OPF-5656/2

OPF-5656/3

OPF-5656/4

OPF-5656/5

Assorted blueprints and maps #05656, Series: "Hugh MacRae Papers, 1887-1970s, 2006." OPF-5656/1-5

Extra Oversize Paper Folder XOPF-5656/1

Assorted blueprints and maps #05656, Series: "Hugh MacRae Papers, 1887-1970s, 2006." XOPF-5656/1

Image Folder PF-5656/1-3

PF-5656/1

PF-5656/2

PF-5656/3

Farming colony photographs: Photograph album 1, circa 1920s #05656, Series: "Hugh MacRae Papers, 1887-1970s, 2006." PF-5656/1-3

Photograph Album (disassembled)

Image Folder PF-5656/4

Farming colony photographs: Photograph album 2, circa 1920s #05656, Series: "Hugh MacRae Papers, 1887-1970s, 2006." PF-5656/4

Photograph Album (disassembled)

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Processing Information

A summary description was created in August 2017 to provide information about unprocessed materials in Wilson Special Collections Library.

Encoded by: Laura Smith, August 2017

This finding aid compiles archival collecting, description, and preservation work performed by Biff Hollingsworth, Meaghan Alston, and Nancy Kaiser, May 2021

Since August 2017, we have added ethnic and racial identities for individuals and families represented in collections. To determine identity, we rely on self-identification; other information supplied to the repository by collection creators or sources; public records, press accounts, and secondary sources; and contextual information in the collection materials. Omissions of ethnic and racial identities in finding aids created or updated after August 2017 are an indication of insufficient information to make an educated guess or an individual's preference for identity information to be excluded from description. When we have misidentified, please let us know at wilsonlibrary@unc.edu.

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