Collection Number: 05765

Collection Title: James Eddie McCoy Collection on Granville County (N.C.) African American Churches and Schools, 1980-2010s

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the Duplication Policy section for more information.


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Size 4.5 feet of linear shelf space (approximately 2000 items)
Abstract Research files documenting African American churches, schools, and communities in Granville County, N.C., compiled by African American oral historian James Eddie McCoy. These files, 1980s-2016, include notes and photocopies of historical church documents related to their founding, membership, and activities, and explain how different churches emerged from other churches, especially during the Fusion Politics time period in North Carolina when African Americans were disenfranchised. Many churches were founded by Reverend Walter Pattillo, a leader of the Black Populism movement. School history files, 1980s-2010s, include copies of nineteenth- and twentieth-century land deeds and other county records; alumni association materials; local school board records dating from the 1880s; biographical information about founders, principals, and teachers; and a few scattered original materials. There are also research materials on lynchings in Granville County.
Creator McCoy, James Eddie (James Edward), 1942-
Language English
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Restrictions to Access
No restrictions. Open for research.
Restrictions to Use
No usage restrictions.
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the James Eddie McCoy Collection on Granville County (N.C.) African American Churches and Schools, #5765, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Acquisitions Information
Received from James Eddie McCoy in 2017 (Acc. 103182) and October 2019 (Acc. 103740).
Sensitive Materials Statement
Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, the North Carolina Public Records Act (N.C.G.S. § 132 1 et seq.), and Article 7 of the North Carolina State Personnel Act (Privacy of State Employee Personnel Records, N.C.G.S. § 126-22 et seq.). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill assumes no responsibility.
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The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.

Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.

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James Eddie McCoy (born 1942) is an African American self-taught local historian and resident of Oxford, N.C. He is also a businessman and an activist whose involvement in the civil rights movement spurred a dedication to the pursuit of justice and fairness. McCoy is featured in Timothy B. Tyson's autobiographical historical book, Blood Done Sign My Name.

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Research files documenting African American churches, schools, and communities in Granville County (N.C.) compiled by African American oral historian James Eddie McCoy. Church history files, 1980-2016, include notes and photocopies of historical church documents related to their founding, membership, and activities, and explain how different churches emerged from other churches, especially during the Fusion Politics time period in North Carolina when African Americans were disenfranchised. Many churches were founded by Reverend Walter Pattillo, a leader of the Black Populism movement. School history files, 1980s-2010s, include copies of nineteenth- and twentieth-century land deeds and other county records; alumni association materials; local school board records dating from the 1880s; biographical information about founders, principals, and teachers; and a few scattered original materials, including "A History of Mary Potter School" by Owena Hunter Davis. There is also a binder of photocopied research materials on lynchings in Granville County.

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Contents list

expand/collapse Expand/collapse James Eddie McCoy Collection on Granville County (N.C.) African American Churches, 1980-2016.

1000 items.

Arrangement: Files representing individual churches are arranged according to each church's origins, e.g., churches thought to descend from a single church are grouped together.

Research files documenting African American churches and communities in Granville County (N.C.) compiled by oral historian James Eddie McCoy. These files, 1980s-2016, include notes and photocopies of historical church documents related to their founding, membership, and activities, and explain how different churches emerged from other churches, especially during the Fusion Politics time period in North Carolina when African Americans were disenfranchised. Many churches were founded by Reverend Walter Pattillo, a leader of the Black Populism movement.

McCoy collated his research and prepared files for each church studied, as well as charts indicating the relationships, or possible relationships, between churches. Information gleaned from those charts follows.

Flat Creek Baptist Church was organized in 1866 in Granville County (N.C.) (later Vance County (N.C.). It emerged from Island Creek Baptist Church, Big Grassy Creek Baptist Church, and Old St. John's Episcopal Church. Timothy Darling Presybterian Church was organized in 1888 and it, along with the Oxford Presbyterian Church, emerged from the Cape Fear Presbytery.

Penn Avenue Baptist Church, New Hope Baptist Church, and St. Luke's Christian Church descended from the First Baptist Church of Oxford, N.C.

Big Zion A.M.E. Zion Church, Salem Methodist Church, and Union Chapel A.M.E. Church possibly constituted the African Methodist Episcopal Church Zion District. Smilarly, the Zoar Chapel United Methodist Church, St. Peter's United Methodist Church, and Harris Grove Methodist Church possibly constituted the United Methodist Church District. The Episcopal Diocese included St. Stephen's Episcopal Church, St. Simeon's Episcopal Church, and St. Cyprian's Episcopal Church. Rock Spring United Church of Christ, Church of Christ of the Apostolic Faith (later Refuge Temple), Bibleway Church of Christ, and Church of God in Christ of Berea (later Holy Temple Church of God in Christ) are believed to be related.

The following churches are related: Morning Star Baptist Church (founded 1913), Huntsville Baptist Church (founded 1878), New Light Baptist Church (founded 1860/1868), Olive Grove Baptist Church (founded 1865), Oak Grove Baptist Church (founded 1865/1879), New Hope Granville Baptist Church (founded 1888), White Rock Colored Church (founded 1919), Mt. Spring Baptist Church (founded 1934), River Zion Holiness Church (founded 1939), Vernon Hill Bpatist Church (founded 1885), Ilong Baptist Church (founded 1867), Pettiford Grove Baptist Church (founded 1924), Oak Level Lodge/Hawkins Chapel (founded 1875), Antioch Missionary Baptist Church (founded 1876?), Belton Creek Baptist Church (founded 1891?), Raleigh Rd. Baptist Church/Odd Fellows Lodge (founded 1898), Rock Spring Baptist Church (founded 1887), Synama Grove Baptist Church (founded 1861), and Greenfield Baptist Church (founded 1887).

The East Cedar Grove Missionary Baptist Association (founded 1895) included Lodge Rock Baptist Church (founded 1863/1891), Union Chapel Baptist Church (founded 1949), First Baptist Church Christian Faith Center (founded 1911), Moore's Grove Baptist Church (founded 1899), Mt. Level Baptist Church (founded 1864/1872), Tally Ho Missionary Baptist Church (founded 1883), Mount Vernon Baptist Church (founded 1872), and Pine Grove Baptist Church (founded 1870, descended from Concord Baptist Church).

The following Baptist churches are connected: Grassy Creek Baptist Church and New Jonathan Creek Baptist Church (founded 1873 (1875)); Bethel Hill Baptist Church and Blue Wing Baptist Church (founded 1867 (1868?)); New Corinth Baptist Church (founded 1876), St. Matthew Baptist Church (founded 1909), Aaron's Creek Baptist Church (founded 1912 (1914)), New Grassy Creek Baptist Church (founded 1908), and Mt. Moriah Primitive Baptist Church (founded 1946).

The following Baptist churches are connected: Michael Creek Baptist Church (founded 1873), Stovall First Baptist Church (founded 1917?), Hardie Grove (Mt. Sinai Colored Church, founded 1919?), Whetstone Baptist Church (founded 1913), Baptist Grove Church (founded 1905), Davis Chapel Baptist Church (founded 1898), and Lewis Chapel United Church of Christ (founded 1894?).

A small amount of material about the following churches is present: Mount Zion Holy Church, Mount Calvary Holy Church, Belltown Sunday School, and Saint Cyprians Episcopal Church (Refuge Temple).

Box 1

Flat Creek Baptist Church #05765, Series: "James Eddie McCoy Collection on Granville County (N.C.) African American Churches, 1980-2016." Box 1

Timothy Darling Presbyterian Church #05765, Series: "James Eddie McCoy Collection on Granville County (N.C.) African American Churches, 1980-2016." Box 1

First Baptist Church #05765, Series: "James Eddie McCoy Collection on Granville County (N.C.) African American Churches, 1980-2016." Box 1

Penn Avenue Baptist Church #05765, Series: "James Eddie McCoy Collection on Granville County (N.C.) African American Churches, 1980-2016." Box 1

New Hope Baptist Church and St. Luke's Christian Church #05765, Series: "James Eddie McCoy Collection on Granville County (N.C.) African American Churches, 1980-2016." Box 1

Big Zion A.M.E. Zion Church #05765, Series: "James Eddie McCoy Collection on Granville County (N.C.) African American Churches, 1980-2016." Box 1

Union Chapel A.M.E. Zion Church #05765, Series: "James Eddie McCoy Collection on Granville County (N.C.) African American Churches, 1980-2016." Box 1

Church of God in Christ and Holy Temple Church of God #05765, Series: "James Eddie McCoy Collection on Granville County (N.C.) African American Churches, 1980-2016." Box 1

Rock Spring United Church of Christ #05765, Series: "James Eddie McCoy Collection on Granville County (N.C.) African American Churches, 1980-2016." Box 1

Methodist Episcopal Church and Rock Spring Church #05765, Series: "James Eddie McCoy Collection on Granville County (N.C.) African American Churches, 1980-2016." Box 1

Zion Methodist Church Bullock #05765, Series: "James Eddie McCoy Collection on Granville County (N.C.) African American Churches, 1980-2016." Box 1

St. Peter's United Methodist Church #05765, Series: "James Eddie McCoy Collection on Granville County (N.C.) African American Churches, 1980-2016." Box 1

Harris Grove Methodist Church #05765, Series: "James Eddie McCoy Collection on Granville County (N.C.) African American Churches, 1980-2016." Box 1

A.M.E. Zion Church, Lyon Street, Creedmoor #05765, Series: "James Eddie McCoy Collection on Granville County (N.C.) African American Churches, 1980-2016." Box 1

Box 2

A.M.E. Zion Church on Orange Street (Moved to Spring Street); St. Joseph A.M.E. Zion Church #05765, Series: "James Eddie McCoy Collection on Granville County (N.C.) African American Churches, 1980-2016." Box 2

Greenfield Baptist Church #05765, Series: "James Eddie McCoy Collection on Granville County (N.C.) African American Churches, 1980-2016." Box 2

Synama Grove Baptist Church #05765, Series: "James Eddie McCoy Collection on Granville County (N.C.) African American Churches, 1980-2016." Box 2

Rock Spring Baptist Church #05765, Series: "James Eddie McCoy Collection on Granville County (N.C.) African American Churches, 1980-2016." Box 2

Raleigh Road Baptist Church #05765, Series: "James Eddie McCoy Collection on Granville County (N.C.) African American Churches, 1980-2016." Box 2

Belton Creek Baptist Church #05765, Series: "James Eddie McCoy Collection on Granville County (N.C.) African American Churches, 1980-2016." Box 2

Antioch Baptist Church #05765, Series: "James Eddie McCoy Collection on Granville County (N.C.) African American Churches, 1980-2016." Box 2

Ilong Baptist Church #05765, Series: "James Eddie McCoy Collection on Granville County (N.C.) African American Churches, 1980-2016." Box 2

Pettiford Grove Baptist Church #05765, Series: "James Eddie McCoy Collection on Granville County (N.C.) African American Churches, 1980-2016." Box 2

Oak Level Lodge/Hawkins Chapel #05765, Series: "James Eddie McCoy Collection on Granville County (N.C.) African American Churches, 1980-2016." Box 2

New Hope Granville Baptist Church #05765, Series: "James Eddie McCoy Collection on Granville County (N.C.) African American Churches, 1980-2016." Box 2

White Rock Cloud Baptist Church #05765, Series: "James Eddie McCoy Collection on Granville County (N.C.) African American Churches, 1980-2016." Box 2

Mount Spring Baptist Church #05765, Series: "James Eddie McCoy Collection on Granville County (N.C.) African American Churches, 1980-2016." Box 2

River Zion Holiness Church #05765, Series: "James Eddie McCoy Collection on Granville County (N.C.) African American Churches, 1980-2016." Box 2

Vernon Hill Baptist Church #05765, Series: "James Eddie McCoy Collection on Granville County (N.C.) African American Churches, 1980-2016." Box 2

Oak Grove Baptist Church #05765, Series: "James Eddie McCoy Collection on Granville County (N.C.) African American Churches, 1980-2016." Box 2

Olive Grove Baptist Church #05765, Series: "James Eddie McCoy Collection on Granville County (N.C.) African American Churches, 1980-2016." Box 2

New Light Baptist Church #05765, Series: "James Eddie McCoy Collection on Granville County (N.C.) African American Churches, 1980-2016." Box 2

Huntsville Baptist Church #05765, Series: "James Eddie McCoy Collection on Granville County (N.C.) African American Churches, 1980-2016." Box 2

Morningstar Baptist Church #05765, Series: "James Eddie McCoy Collection on Granville County (N.C.) African American Churches, 1980-2016." Box 2

East Cedar Grove Missionary Baptist Association #05765, Series: "James Eddie McCoy Collection on Granville County (N.C.) African American Churches, 1980-2016." Box 2

Lodge RockBaptist Church #05765, Series: "James Eddie McCoy Collection on Granville County (N.C.) African American Churches, 1980-2016." Box 2

Union Chapel Baptist Church #05765, Series: "James Eddie McCoy Collection on Granville County (N.C.) African American Churches, 1980-2016." Box 2

First Baptist Church Christian Faith Center #05765, Series: "James Eddie McCoy Collection on Granville County (N.C.) African American Churches, 1980-2016." Box 2

Moore's Grove Baptist Church #05765, Series: "James Eddie McCoy Collection on Granville County (N.C.) African American Churches, 1980-2016." Box 2

Mt. Level Baptist Church #05765, Series: "James Eddie McCoy Collection on Granville County (N.C.) African American Churches, 1980-2016." Box 2

Tally Ho Baptist Church #05765, Series: "James Eddie McCoy Collection on Granville County (N.C.) African American Churches, 1980-2016." Box 2

Box 3

Folder 003001

Mount Vernon Baptist Church #05765, Series: "James Eddie McCoy Collection on Granville County (N.C.) African American Churches, 1980-2016." Box 3, Folder 003001

Box 3

Folder 003002

Pine Grove Baptist Church #05765, Series: "James Eddie McCoy Collection on Granville County (N.C.) African American Churches, 1980-2016." Box 3, Folder 003002

Box 3

Folder 003003

New Jonathan Creek Baptist Church #05765, Series: "James Eddie McCoy Collection on Granville County (N.C.) African American Churches, 1980-2016." Box 3, Folder 003003

Box 3

Folder 003004

Blue Wing Grove Church; Blue Wing Baptist Church #05765, Series: "James Eddie McCoy Collection on Granville County (N.C.) African American Churches, 1980-2016." Box 3, Folder 003004

Box 3

Folder 003005

New Corinth Baptist Church #05765, Series: "James Eddie McCoy Collection on Granville County (N.C.) African American Churches, 1980-2016." Box 3, Folder 003005

Box 3

Folder 003006

St. Matthew Baptist Church #05765, Series: "James Eddie McCoy Collection on Granville County (N.C.) African American Churches, 1980-2016." Box 3, Folder 003006

Box 3

Folder 003007

Aaron Creek Baptist Church #05765, Series: "James Eddie McCoy Collection on Granville County (N.C.) African American Churches, 1980-2016." Box 3, Folder 003007

Box 3

Folder 003008

New Grassy Creek Baptist Church #05765, Series: "James Eddie McCoy Collection on Granville County (N.C.) African American Churches, 1980-2016." Box 3, Folder 003008

Box 3

Folder 003009

Mt. Moriah Primitive Baptist Church #05765, Series: "James Eddie McCoy Collection on Granville County (N.C.) African American Churches, 1980-2016." Box 3, Folder 003009

Box 3

Folder 003010

Michael Creek Baptist Church #05765, Series: "James Eddie McCoy Collection on Granville County (N.C.) African American Churches, 1980-2016." Box 3, Folder 003010

Box 3

Folder 003011

Hardy Grove Baptist Church #05765, Series: "James Eddie McCoy Collection on Granville County (N.C.) African American Churches, 1980-2016." Box 3, Folder 003011

Box 3

Folder 003012

Whetstone Baptist Church #05765, Series: "James Eddie McCoy Collection on Granville County (N.C.) African American Churches, 1980-2016." Box 3, Folder 003012

Box 3

Folder 003013

Stovall First Baptist Church #05765, Series: "James Eddie McCoy Collection on Granville County (N.C.) African American Churches, 1980-2016." Box 3, Folder 003013

Box 3

Folder 003014

Baptist Grove Baptist Church #05765, Series: "James Eddie McCoy Collection on Granville County (N.C.) African American Churches, 1980-2016." Box 3, Folder 003014

Box 3

Folder 003015

Davis Chapel Baptist Church #05765, Series: "James Eddie McCoy Collection on Granville County (N.C.) African American Churches, 1980-2016." Box 3, Folder 003015

Box 3

Folder 003016

Lewis Chapel United Church of Christ #05765, Series: "James Eddie McCoy Collection on Granville County (N.C.) African American Churches, 1980-2016." Box 3, Folder 003016

Box 3

Folder 003017

Philadelphia Baptist Church #05765, Series: "James Eddie McCoy Collection on Granville County (N.C.) African American Churches, 1980-2016." Box 3, Folder 003017

Box 3

Folder 003018

Mount Zion Holy Church #05765, Series: "James Eddie McCoy Collection on Granville County (N.C.) African American Churches, 1980-2016." Box 3, Folder 003018

Box 3

Folder 003019

Mount Calvary Holy Church #05765, Series: "James Eddie McCoy Collection on Granville County (N.C.) African American Churches, 1980-2016." Box 3, Folder 003019

Box 3

Folder 003020

Belltown Sunday School #05765, Series: "James Eddie McCoy Collection on Granville County (N.C.) African American Churches, 1980-2016." Box 3, Folder 003020

Box 4

Saint Cyprian's Episcopal Church #05765, Series: "James Eddie McCoy Collection on Granville County (N.C.) African American Churches, 1980-2016." Box 4

Refuge Temple Church #05765, Series: "James Eddie McCoy Collection on Granville County (N.C.) African American Churches, 1980-2016." Box 4

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 1A. James Eddie McCoy Collection on Granville County (N.C.) African American Churches and Schools 1980s-2010s (Addition of October 2019).

1000 items.

Acquisitions Information: Accession 103740

Arrangement: as received.

The addition consists of folders of photocopied newspaper clippings, church publications, and church records about Black churches in Granville County, North Carolina; a binder of photocopied newspaper clippings and court documents on lynchings in Granville County; and binders of photocopied newspaper articles about Granville County schools, including Belltown School, Toler-Oak Hill Elementary and Mary Potter Middle School, as well as copies of land deeds and other county records, alumni association materials, local school board records dating from the 1880s, and biographical information about founders, principals, and teachers. There are also scattered original materials, including "A History of Mary Potter School" by Owena Hunter Davis.

Box 5

East Cedar Grove Missionary Baptist Church #05765, Series: "1A. James Eddie McCoy Collection on Granville County (N.C.) African American Churches and Schools 1980s-2010s (Addition of October 2019)." Box 5

Ilong Baptist Church #05765, Series: "1A. James Eddie McCoy Collection on Granville County (N.C.) African American Churches and Schools 1980s-2010s (Addition of October 2019)." Box 5

Rev. Walter H. Pattillo #05765, Series: "1A. James Eddie McCoy Collection on Granville County (N.C.) African American Churches and Schools 1980s-2010s (Addition of October 2019)." Box 5

St. Peter's United Methodist Church #05765, Series: "1A. James Eddie McCoy Collection on Granville County (N.C.) African American Churches and Schools 1980s-2010s (Addition of October 2019)." Box 5

Blue Wing Grove Church, Blue Wing Baptist Church #05765, Series: "1A. James Eddie McCoy Collection on Granville County (N.C.) African American Churches and Schools 1980s-2010s (Addition of October 2019)." Box 5

Penn Avenue Baptist Church #05765, Series: "1A. James Eddie McCoy Collection on Granville County (N.C.) African American Churches and Schools 1980s-2010s (Addition of October 2019)." Box 5

Union Chapel A.M.E. Zion Church #05765, Series: "1A. James Eddie McCoy Collection on Granville County (N.C.) African American Churches and Schools 1980s-2010s (Addition of October 2019)." Box 5

New Light Baptist Church #05765, Series: "1A. James Eddie McCoy Collection on Granville County (N.C.) African American Churches and Schools 1980s-2010s (Addition of October 2019)." Box 5

Pine Grove Baptist Church #05765, Series: "1A. James Eddie McCoy Collection on Granville County (N.C.) African American Churches and Schools 1980s-2010s (Addition of October 2019)." Box 5

Timothy Darling Presbyterian Church #05765, Series: "1A. James Eddie McCoy Collection on Granville County (N.C.) African American Churches and Schools 1980s-2010s (Addition of October 2019)." Box 5

Box 6

Granville County Schools #05765, Series: "1A. James Eddie McCoy Collection on Granville County (N.C.) African American Churches and Schools 1980s-2010s (Addition of October 2019)." Box 6

Box 7

Lynching #05765, Series: "1A. James Eddie McCoy Collection on Granville County (N.C.) African American Churches and Schools 1980s-2010s (Addition of October 2019)." Box 7

Belltown school #05765, Series: "1A. James Eddie McCoy Collection on Granville County (N.C.) African American Churches and Schools 1980s-2010s (Addition of October 2019)." Box 7

Integration of schools, 1967-1970 #05765, Series: "1A. James Eddie McCoy Collection on Granville County (N.C.) African American Churches and Schools 1980s-2010s (Addition of October 2019)." Box 7

Includes "The Gradual Integration of Schools in Granville County, North Carolina" by Joy Marie Kinney.

"The Traditions and Spirit of Mary Potter High School Lives On" by Raleigh F. Greene #05765, Series: "1A. James Eddie McCoy Collection on Granville County (N.C.) African American Churches and Schools 1980s-2010s (Addition of October 2019)." Box 7

G.C. Shaw #05765, Series: "1A. James Eddie McCoy Collection on Granville County (N.C.) African American Churches and Schools 1980s-2010s (Addition of October 2019)." Box 7

John Chavis, 1763-1838: A Remarkable Negro Who Conducted a School in North Carolina for White Boys and Girls by G.C. Shaw, 1931 #05765, Series: "1A. James Eddie McCoy Collection on Granville County (N.C.) African American Churches and Schools 1980s-2010s (Addition of October 2019)." Box 7

Oversize Paper Folder OPF-05765/1-2

OPF-05765/1

OPF-05765/2

School board records #05765, Series: "1A. James Eddie McCoy Collection on Granville County (N.C.) African American Churches and Schools 1980s-2010s (Addition of October 2019)." OPF-05765/1-2

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Processing Information

Processed by: Jodi Berkowitz, December 2017

Encoded by: Jodi Berkowitz, December 2017

Revisions by: Staff, July 2018; Nancy Kaiser and Biff Hollingsworth, December 2019

Since August 2017, we have added ethnic and racial identities for individuals and families represented in collections. To determine identity, we rely on self-identification; other information supplied to the repository by collection creators or sources; public records, press accounts, and secondary sources; and contextual information in the collection materials. Omissions of ethnic and racial identities in finding aids created or updated after August 2017 are an indication of insufficient information to make an educated guess or an individual's preference for identity information to be excluded from description. When we have misidentified, please let us know at wilsonlibrary@unc.edu.

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