Collection Number: 05779

Collection Title: Jesse E. Oxendine Papers, 1860s-2015

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the Duplication Policy section for more information.


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Size 10.5 feet of linear shelf space (approximately 1200 items)
Abstract The Jesse E. Oxendine Papers, 1860s-2015, consist of letters, scrapbooks, photographs, and other materials of Jesse E. Oxendine (1926-2017), a Lumbee Indian from Pembroke, N.C. Letters, 1944-1954, were written by family and friends from Pembroke, Charlotte, Detroit, and Richmond, chiefly during Oxendine's World War II military service. Other topics include boy scout troop 27 in Pembroke; the history of the 82nd Airborne, 325th Glider Infantry Regiment, including their participation in the liberation of Wobbelin concentration camp near Ludwigslust, Germany; Holocaust education; Cherokee Indian Normal School and Pembroke State University; Pembroke local history during the 1940s; Civil War and Reconstruction era recipes and home concoctions; the W. M. Lowry General Merchandise Store; and a 1958 incident in which Lumbee Indians expelled the Ku Klux Klan from Maxton, N.C.
Creator Oxendine, Jesse E., 1926-2017.
Language English
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Restrictions to Access
No restrictions. Open for research.
Restrictions to Use
No usage restrictions.
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the Jesse E. Oxendine Papers #05779, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Acquisitions Information
Received as a gift from Mark Oxendine in June 2018 (Acc. 103374).
Sensitive Materials Statement
Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, the North Carolina Public Records Act (N.C.G.S. § 132 1 et seq.), and Article 7 of the North Carolina State Personnel Act (Privacy of State Employee Personnel Records, N.C.G.S. § 126-22 et seq.). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill assumes no responsibility.
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The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.

Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Biographical Information

Jesse Edward Oxendine (1926-2017) was born and raised in Pembroke, N.C. As a youth, Oxendine was active in scouting. He graduated from Pembroke High School in 1944 and was drafted into the military the same year. A member of the 82nd Airborne Division, 325th Glider Infantry, he helped to liberate the Wobbelin concentration camp near Ludwigslust, Germany on 2 May 1945. Following the war, Oxendine graduated from Pembroke State College where he was the quarterback of their first football team. He next attended the Medical College of South Carolina Pharmacy School and became the first licensed Native American pharmacist in North Carolina. He founded, owned, and operated King Drugs in Charlotte for over 40 years. In retirement, Oxendine organized reunions for the 82nd Airborne, served on the Board of Trustees at Pembroke State University, and spoke to school, synagogue, and church groups about his wartime experience and Wobbelin. His interest in the preservation and study of history extended to his Lumbee heritage. He donated treasured artifacts from his service in World War II to the Native American Resource Center in Pembroke and he wrote a memoir titled Memories of Pembroke, N.C. (2016).

Oxendine was married to Jewel Harmon Oxendine and had four children: Pamela Oxendine, Michelle Oxendine Banks, Jenny Oxendine D'Entremont, and Mark Edward Oxendine.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Scope and Content

The Jesse E. Oxendine Papers, 1860s-2015, consist of letters, scrapbooks, photographs, and other materials of Jesse E. Oxendine (1926-2017), a Lumbee Indian from Pembroke, N.C. Family and friends wrote letters, 1944-1954, from Pembroke, Charlotte, Detroit, and Richmond, to Oxendine, chiefly from 1944-1946, while he served in the 325th Glider Infantry Regiment of the 82nd Airborne Division of the U.S. Army. He also received letters, 1953-1954, from his wife, Jewell Harmon. Scrapbooks document Oxendine as a member of Boy Scout Troop 27 from Pembroke, Cape Fear Area Council; the history of the 82nd Airborne, 325th Glider Infantry Regiment, including their participation in the liberation of Wobbelin concentration camp near Ludwigslust, Germany on 2 May 1945; and Oxendine's work as a Holocaust educator in later life. Photographs depict the Oxendine family; Cherokee Indian Normal School and Pembroke State University; 82nd Airborne, 325th Glider Infantry Regiment; pre-war Berlin; and a Little Miss Lumbee parade float. Other items of note include a map, hand drawn on a window shade, with an accompanying index of local history annotations for the town of Pembroke at the time of Oxendine's childhood; a Civil War and Reconstruction era cookbook with recipes and home concoctions; two ledgers of the W. M. Lowry General Merchandise Store, 1920s-1930s; and clippings relating to a 1958 incident in which Lumbee Indians expelled the Ku Klux Klan from Maxton, N.C.

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Contents list

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 1. Papers, 1860s-2015.

1000 items.

Papers consist of letters, scrapbooks, and other materials. Family and friends wrote letters, 1944-1954, from Pembroke, Charlotte, Detroit, and Richmond, to Oxendine, chiefly from 1944-1946, while he served in the 325th Glider Infantry Regiment of the 82nd Airborne Division of the U.S. Army. He also received letters, 1953-1954, from his wife, Jewell Harmon. Scrapbooks document Oxendine as a member of Boy Scout Troop 27 from Pembroke, Cape Fear Area Council; the history of the 82nd Airborne, 325th Glider Infantry Regiment, including their participation in the liberation of Wobbelin concentration camp near Ludwigslust, Germany on 2 May 1945; and Oxendine's work as a Holocaust educator in later life. Other items of note include a map, hand drawn on a window shade, with an accompanying index of local history annotations for the town of Pembroke at the time of Oxendine's childhood; a Civil War and Reconstruction era cookbook with recipes and home concoctions; two ledgers of the W. M. Lowry General Merchandise Store, 1920s-1930s; and clippings relating to a 1958 incident in which Lumbee Indians expelled the Ku Klux Klan from Maxton, N.C.

Box 1

Biographical and family history #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 1

Cookbook, 1860s-1870s #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 1

Recipes and home concoctions, written by various hands on sheet music and Confederate paper backing.

Autograph book, 1944 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 1

Best wishes at graduation.

Exhibit labels #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 1

Military miscellaneous #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 1

Holocaust presentation #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 1

Lumbee-Ku Klux Klan clash at Maxton, 1958 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 1

Clippings.

Rolled Item R-05779/1

Maps of Pembroke, N.C. #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." R-05779/1

Two maps, one is drawn by hand on a window shade and the other is a photocopy of computer-generated line drawing of the same area. The companion index is a guide to the map on the window shade.

Box 1

Index to map of Pembroke, N.C. #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 1

Local history guide to the map drawn on a window shade.

Lumbee homecoming, 1989 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 1

Handwritten speech and printed program.

Box 2-3

Box 2

Box 3

82nd Airborne Division / 325th Glider Infantry #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 2-3

Includes 39th Infantry, 9th Division U.S. Army yearbook, 1941; history of the 325th Glider Infantry Regiment; photographs; Allied Airborne patches; recollections; 1994 reunion trip to Europe.

Box 3

Glider Tow Line, 1990s-2015 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 3

Berlin postcard book, circa 1940 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 3

Memoir, 2014 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 3

Email correspondence and notes concerning marketing of Oxendine's memoir, Memories of Pembroke, N.C. (2016).

Miscellaneous #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 3

Box 4

Scrapbook, 1940s #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 4

Membership cards, photographs of groups and activities of Boy Scout Troop 27 of Pembroke, Cape Fear Area Council; Walter Pinchbeck Day, 1969. Pinchbeck was a Cree Indian who joined the Pembroke Community.

Scrapbook #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 4

82nd Airborne Division / 325th Glider Infantry history.

Scrapbook #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 4

Speaking engagements at schools, synagogues, and churches.

Scrapbook #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 4

Holocaust educators conference.

Box 5

Correspondence: Edith Jacobs, July 1944-August 1944 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 5

Correspondence: Edith Jacobs, September 1944 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 5

Correspondence: Edith Jacobs, 2 October 1944-28 October 1944 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 5

Correspondence: Edith Jacobs, 6 November-24 November 1944 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 5

Correspondence: Edith Jacobs, 1 December 1944-31 Decemer 1944 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 5

Correspondence: Edith Jacobs, 2 January 1945-22 January 1945 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 5

Correspondence: Edith Jacobs, 11 February 1945-27 February 1945 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 5

Correspondence: Edith Jacobs, 21 March 1945-27 March 1945 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 5

Correspondence: Edith Jacobs, 1 April 1945-27 April 1945 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 5

Correspondence: Edith Jacobs, 1 May 1945-29 May 1945 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 5

Correspondence: Edith Jacobs, 1 June 1945-25 June 1945 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 5

Correspondence: Edith Jacobs, 2 July 1945-31 July 1945 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 5

Correspondence: Edith Jacobs, 1 August 1945-29 August 1945 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 5

Correspondence: Edith Jacobs, 1 September 1945-29 September 1945 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 5

Correspondence: Edith Jacobs, 1 October 1945-30 October 1945 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 5

Correspondence: Edith Jacobs, 1 November 1945-30 November 1945 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 5

Correspondence: Edith Jacobs, December 1945 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 5

Correspondence: Edith Jacobs, February 1946-May 1946 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 5

Correspondence: Edith Jacobs, June 1946-September 1946 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 5

Correspondence: Edith Jacobs, December 1950 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 5

Correspondence: Edith Jacobs, Undated #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 5

Correspondence: James C. Oxendine, October 1942 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 5

Correspondence: James C. Oxendine, October 1944-December 1944 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 5

Box 6

Correspondence: James C. Oxendine, January 1945-May 1945 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 6

Correspondence: James C. Oxendine, June 1945-September 1945 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 6

Correspondence: James C. Oxendine, October 1945-December 1945 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 6

Correspondence: James C. Oxendine, June 1950 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 6

Correspondence: James C. Oxendine, January 1952-March 1954 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 6

Correspondence: James C. Oxendine, Undated #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 6

Correspondence: Jessie Oxendine, October 1944-March 1946 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 6

Correspondence: Jessie Oxendine, April 1950-June 1952 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 6

Correspondence: Simeon Oxendine, September 1944-December 1944 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 6

Correspondence: Simeon Oxendine, January 1945-July 1945 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 6

Correspondence: Simeon Oxendine, December 1950-December 1951 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 6

Correspondence: James H. Oxendine, November 1944-December 1944 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 6

Correspondence: James H. Oxendine, March 1945-August 1945 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 6

Correspondence: James H. Oxendine, September 1948 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 6

Correspondence: J. Renkiewicz, November 1944-December 1944 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 6

Correspondence: J. Renkiewicz, March 1945-October 1945 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 6

Correspondence: J. Renkiewicz, September 1950-November 1952 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 6

Correspondence: James and Mary Lowry, October 1944-December 1944 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 6

Correspondence: James and Mary Lowry, April 1945-December 1945 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 6

Correspondence: Earl Oxendine, July 1944-December 1944 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 6

Correspondence: Earl Oxendine, April 1945-March 1945 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 6

Correspondence: Nova Godwin October 1944-August 1945 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 6

Correspondence: Bertie Call August 1944-July 1945 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 6

Correspondence: Pembroke State College, August 1944-December 1944 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 6

Correspondence: Pembroke State College, March 1945-May 1951 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 6

Correspondence: Pembroke State College, Undated #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 6

Box 7

Correspondence: Annie Neal Chonis, March 1949-December 1949 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 7

Correspondence: Annie Neal Chonis, January 1950-December 1950 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 7

Correspondence: Annie Neal Chonis, January 1951-October 1952 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 7

Correspondence: Jim Brown, August 1950-October 1950 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 7

Correspondence: Jim Brown, November 1950-August 1951 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 7

Correspondence: Ethel Chadwick, November 1944 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 7

Correspondence: James Evers, October 1944-October 1945 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 7

Correspondence: Hoover Floyd, October 1944-November 1945 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 7

Correspondence: Sally, July 1950-1951 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 7

Correspondence: Family and friends, August 1943-November 1943 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 7

Correspondence: Family and friends, April 1944-December 1944 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 7

Correspondence: Family and friends, January 1945-September 1945 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 7

Correspondence: Family and friends, February 1946-April 1946 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 7

Correspondence: Family and friends, April 1947-July 1949 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 7

Correspondence: Family and friends, January 1950-December 1950 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 7

Correspondence: Family and friends, Janaury 1951-December 1951 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 7

Correspondence: Family and friends, February 1952-December 1952 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 7

Correspondence: Family and friends, October 1953-October 1955 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 7

Correspondence: Family and friends, Undated #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 7

Correspondence: Gladys Hunt, August 1949-September 1950 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 7

Correspondence: Doris Lowry, January 1949-March 1951 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 7

Box 8

Correspondence: Jewell Harmon, Janaury 1951-July 1951 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 8

Correspondence: Jewell Harmon, May 1952-September 1952 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 8

Correspondence: Jewell Harmon, October 1952 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 8

Correspondence: Jewell Harmon, October 1952 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 8

Correspondence: Jewell Harmon, November 1952 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 8

Correspondence: Jewell Harmon, December 1952 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 8

Correspondence: Jewell Harmon, January 1953 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 8

Correspondence: Jewell Harmon, February 1953 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 8

Correspondence: Jewell Harmon, March 1953 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 8

Correspondence: Jewell Harmon, April 1953 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 8

Correspondence: Jewell Harmon, May 1953-September 1953 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 8

Correspondence: Jewell Harmon, October 1953 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 8

Box 9

Correspondence: Jewell Harmon, November 1953 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 9

Correspondence: Jewell Harmon, December 1953 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 9

Correspondence: Jewell Harmon, January 1954 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 9

Correspondence: Jewell Harmon, February 1954 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 9

Correspondence: Jewell Harmon, March 1954 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 9

Correspondence: Jewell Harmon, April 1954 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 9

Correspondence: Jewell Harmon, May 1954 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 9

Correspondence: Jewell Harmon, September 1954 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 9

Correspondence: Jewell Harmon, Undated #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 9

Correspondence: 1956 and undated #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 9

Correspondence: Dear Louise #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 9

Correspondence: Empty Enclosures #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 9

Correspondence: Holiday Cards #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." Box 9

Oversize Volume SV-05779/1

W. M. Lowry Store, General Merchandise Ledger, 1921-1922 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." SV-05779/1

Includes cotton and fertilizer sales records.

Oversize Volume SV-05779/2

W. M. Lowry Store, General Merchandise Ledger, 1931-1933 #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." SV-05779/2

Oversize Volume SV-05779/3

Berlin: wie es war... #05779, Series: "1. Papers, 1860s-2015." SV-05779/3

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 2. Photographs, 1910s-2000s.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 3. Video Recording, 2008

Video recording of Henry Hirschmann and Jesse Oxendine speaking at Rowan-Cabarrus Community College, Salisbury, N.C. on 15 April 2008. Jesse Edward Oxendine (1926-2017), a member of the Lumbee Tribe of North Carolina, was born and raised in Pembroke, N.C. A member of the 82nd Airborne Division, 325th Glider Infantry, he helped to liberate the Wobbelin concentration camp near Ludwigslust, Germany on 2 May 1945. Henry Hirschmann (1920-), born a Jew in Grossauheim, Germany, survived six months (Nov 1938 - May 1939) in the Buchenwald concentration camp near Weimar, Germany. After receiving sponsorship from an aunt and uncle in New York, Hirschmann was released from the camp and arrived in New York City in May 1939.

Digital Folder DF-05779/1

Rowan-Cabarrus Community College History guest speaker series, 2008 #05779, Series: "3. Video Recording, 2008" DF-05779/1

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Processing Information

Processed by: Nancy Kaiser, Patrick Cullom, and Bryan Giemza, August 2018

Encoded by: Nancy Kaiser, August 2018

Revisions by: Nancy Kaiser, October 2019

Since August 2017, we have added ethnic and racial identities for individuals and families represented in collections. To determine identity, we rely on self-identification; other information supplied to the repository by collection creators or sources; public records, press accounts, and secondary sources; and contextual information in the collection materials. Omissions of ethnic and racial identities in finding aids created or updated after August 2017 are an indication of insufficient information to make an educated guess or an individual's preference for identity information to be excluded from description. When we have misidentified, please let us know at wilsonlibrary@unc.edu.

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