Collection Number: 12024

Collection Title: Bowman Gray Collection of First World War Photograph Albums and Scrapbooks, 1914-1919

This collection has access restrictions. For details, please see the restrictions.

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the Duplication Policy section for more information.


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Size 50 items
Abstract Albums and scrapbooks collected by Bowman Gray, Jr., of Winston-Salem, N.C., provide documentation of the First World War (1914-1918) through images created by photographers likely working for the French government or French Armée, through press coverage in clippings from the New York Times, and through printed items and ephemera reflecting the war effort on the American home front. Photograph albums contain more than 3000 captioned images taken in Europe and North Africa. Many images depict the destruction wrought by modern warfare and artillery on the villages and communes across France. The primary subject is the French Armée soldiers and officers on the front line in camps, cantonments, shelters, tunnels, and trenches before and after battles. Camp life is particularly well documented. Also pictured are colonial troops and cavalry including Spahis, Zouaves, Algerians, Moroccans, and Senegalese; troops from the countries comprising the Allies; German, Bulgarian, and Turk prisoners of war; nurses and doctors; refugees; civilians in towns, cities, schools, factories, and internment camps; wounded soldiers in the field and in hospitals; and disabled veterans "crippled" or blinded in the war. Loose images in the collection are photomechanical reproductions depicting French Armée officers and soldiers and colonial troops and cavalry.
Creator Gray, Bowman, Jr., 1907-1969.
Language English
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Restrictions to Access
Restrictions to Access: Photograph albums (PA-12024/1-30) are very fragile and cannot be handled without causing damage to the original items. The albums will be digitized and made available online. Contact staff at wilsonlibrary@unc.edu for more information about the progress of the digitization effort.
Restrictions to Use
No usage restrictions.
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the Bowman Gray Collection of First World War Photograph Albums and Scrapbooks #12024, Rare Book Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Acquisitions Information
Received from Bowman Gray circa 1961 (Acc. 103354).
Sensitive Materials Statement
Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, the North Carolina Public Records Act (N.C.G.S. § 132 1 et seq.), and Article 7 of the North Carolina State Personnel Act (Privacy of State Employee Personnel Records, N.C.G.S. § 126-22 et seq.). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill assumes no responsibility.
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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subject Headings

The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.

Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Biographical Information

Bowman Gray, Jr., (1907-1969), a white executive in the tobacco industry, was the son of Nathalie Fontaine Lyons Gray and Bowman Gray, Sr., president of the R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company in Winston-Salem, N.C.

Bowman Gray, Jr., graduated from The University of North Carolina in 1929 and began work with the R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company in 1930, first as a salesman. He served as president of the company from 1957 until 1959. He then became chairman of the board and chief executive officer and remained chairman until his death.

In 1936, Gray married Elizabeth Palmer Christian of Richmond, Va., and the couple had five sons: Bowman, Frank Christian, Robert Daniel, Lyons, and Peyton Randolph.

During the Second World War II, Gray served as an officer in the U.S. Navy Reserve and on active duty in in Norfolk, Va. He worked for the Navy's intelligence service and was credited with founding the branch known as operational intelligence, in which enemy operations were analyzed.

Gray's philanthropic support was expansive and included projects, funding, and board memberships for orphanages, schools, research, the YMCA, and his alma mater UNC. Bowman Gray donated his extensive collections about the two world wars to UNC in the 1960s.

*Information for this biographical note was compiled from an article in the Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, 6 volumes, edited by William S. Powell. Copyright ©1979-1996 by the University of North Carolina Press.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Scope and Content

Photograph albums contain more than 3000 captioned images from the First World War (1914-1918) in Europe, chiefly France, Belgium, and Greece, and in North Africa. Many images depict the destruction wrought by modern warfare and artillery on the villages and communes across France. Other subjects include weapons and ordnance; military transport vehicles and ambulances; supply and sanitation trains; battleships, cruisers, gun boats, man-of wars, and submarines; fighter planes; sausage balloons; dry docks and wharves; and graves, cemeteries, funerals, and burials. The primary subject is the French Armée soldiers and officers on the front line in camps, cantonments, shelters, tunnels, and trenches before and after battles. Camp life is particularly well documented. Numerous images show the armies' use of animals, especially dogs, mules, and horses. Also pictured are colonial troops and cavalry including Spahis, Zouaves, Algerians, Moroccans, and Senegalese; troops from the countries comprising the Allies; prisoners of war; nurses and doctors; refugees; civilians; internment camps; wounded soldiers; and disabled veterans.

Mechanically printed reproductions of photographs or plates (unbound) are chiefly of French Armée soldiers and officers, colonial troops, and ruins from heavy bombardment. Series also contains portraits of British figures including King George V. and Lord Kitchener.

Thirteen scrapbooks contain hundreds of New York Times newspaper articles about the war. The articles are pasted into the scrapbook in chronological order, but scrapbooks covering some dates are not in the collection. An additional scrapbook contains patriotic ephemera and printed items about the war effort on the American home front, especially in Cleveland, Ohio.

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Contents list

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series Quick Links

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 1. Photograph Albums, 1914-1918.

31 albums.
3033 photographs.

Restrictions to Access: Photograph albums (PA-12024/1-30) are very fragile and cannot be handled without causing damage to the original items. The albums will be digitized and made available online. Contact staff at wilsonlibrary@unc.edu for more information about the progress of the digitization effort.

Photograph albums contain more than 3000 captioned images from the First World War (1914-1918) in Europe, chiefly France, Belgium, and Greece, and in North Africa. Photographers working for the French government or army likely created these images. The person who assembled the albums and captioned the photographs is not identified. Captions are in English and employ expressions such as "Musselmen" for Muslims still in use during the first third of the twentieth century.

Many images depict the destruction wrought by modern warfare and artillery on the villages and communes across France. Other subjects include weapons and ordnance; military transport vehicles and ambulances; supply and sanitation trains; battleships, cruisers, gun boats, man-of wars, and submarines; fighter planes; sausage balloons; dry docks and wharves; and graves, cemeteries, funerals, and burials. The primary subject is the French Armée soldiers and officers on the front line in camps, cantonments, shelters, tunnels, and trenches before and after battles. Camp life is particularly well documented in images showing camp kitchens and barracks and soldiers working, constructing shelters and other structures, standing guard, wearing gas masks, cooking and eating, resting, washing, bathing, gardening, exercising, fishing, watching stage performances in camp theaters, celebrating Bastille Day (Fête nationale), and dancing. Numerous images show the armies' use of animals, especially dogs, mules, and horses.

Also pictured are colonial troops and cavalry including Spahis, Zouaves, Algerians, Moroccans, and Senegalese; troops from the countries comprising the Allies including England, Italy, Belgium, Greece, Serbia, Australia, and Russia; German, Bulgarian, and Turk prisoners of war; nurses and doctors; Greek, Serbian, and Anatolian refugees; civilians including Alsatians and Albanians in towns, cities, schools, factories, and internment camps; wounded soldiers in the field and in hospitals; and disabled veterans "crippled" or blinded in the war. Others represented in the images include engineers, aviators, sailors, gunners, cyclists, and musicians. Several images show street scenes in European and North African cities, a few with individuals derisively labeled in the captions as "A typical Jew" and "A typical Moor."

Only a few individuals including France's president Raymond Poincaré , British nobleman and the secretary of state for war Lord Horatio Kitchener, and French stage actress Sarah Bernhardt are identified in the captions. Poincaré appears in several images in which he is decorating French soldiers.

Processing Note: The titles for the photograph albums listed below were handwritten on bookmarks found within each album. It is unclear whether the collector himself or former library staff provided these titles for the albums.

Album 1. "French Armée Officers, " 1916

Subjects include fusiliers, English soldiers, Russian troops, aviators, Serbian officers, Italian troops, Legion of honor, Algerian officer, Council of War, headquarters, German defense works, trenches, Bulgarian camp, village, hospital, munition depot, airplanes, and sanitary train.

Individuals depicted include: France. President (1913-1920 : Poincaré), Kitchener, Horatio Herbert Kitchener, Earl, 1850-1916, Nikola I, King of Montenegro, 1841-1921, Albert I, King of the Belgians, 1875-1934, and Bernhardt, Sarah, 1844-1923.

Places depicted include: Alsace (France), Amiens (France), Chantilly (France), Marne (France), Meuse (France), Oise (France), Paris (France), Pas-de-Calais (France), Somme (France), Vardar River (Macedonia and Greece), and Verdun (France).

Photograph Album PA-12024/1

Original album #12024, Series: "Album 1. "French Armée Officers, " 1916 " PA-12024/1

133 images.

Black-and-White Photographic Prints.

Sepia Tone Photographic Prints.

Restrictions to Access: This item is not available for immediate or same day access. Please contact staff at wilsonlibrary@unc.edu to discuss options.

Digital Folder DF-12024/1

Digitized album #12024, Series: "Album 1. "French Armée Officers, " 1916 " DF-12024/1

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Album 2. "Hospitals," 1916-1917

Subjects include wounded German soldiers, "crippled" soldiers, blind soldiers, Australian troops, refugees, children, musicians, "Musselmen," Green Cross, Russian soldiers, clothing store, market, ruined buildings, Greek hospital, Dutch hospital, village, Trocadéro Palace, Citadel of Verdun, Montparnasse Station, American ambulances, and captured German cannons, guns, and shells.

Places depicted include: Paris (France), and Verdun (France).

Photograph Album PA-12024/2

Original album #12024, Series: "Album 2. "Hospitals," 1916-1917" PA-12024/2

83 images.

Black-and-White Photographic Prints.

Sepia Tone Photographic Prints.

Restrictions to Access: This item is not available for immediate or same day access. Please contact staff at wilsonlibrary@unc.edu to discuss options.

Digital Folder DF-12024/2

Digitized album #12024, Series: "Album 2. "Hospitals," 1916-1917" DF-12024/2

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Album 3. "Infantry," undated

Subjects include infantry on the march and under artillery fire, Senegalese soldier, English troops, gunners, cavalry, bombardiers, Poilus (common soldier), Russian watchman, sentinel, Swedish mission, Parlementary Mission, runner, telegraph operator, Catholic mass at midnight in trench, village, trenches, tunnels, telephone station, wire defenses, look-out post, cantonment, digging of trenches, telegraph and telegraph pole, gas masks, transport vehicle, dogs, mules, bell used as an alarm in case of a gas attack, bayonets, convoy, and a march.

Places depicted include: Haut-Rhin (France), Meuse (France), Pas-de-Calais (France), and Somme (France).

Photograph Album PA-12024/3

Original album #12024, Series: "Album 3. "Infantry," undated " PA-12024/3

136 images.

Black-and-White Photographic Prints.

Sepia Tone Photographic Prints.

Restrictions to Access: This item is not available for immediate or same day access. Please contact staff at wilsonlibrary@unc.edu to discuss options.

Digital Folder DF-12024/3

Digitized album #12024, Series: "Album 3. "Infantry," undated " DF-12024/3

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Album 4. "Camp Life," undated

Subjects include Zouaves, engineers, gunsmith, priest, chasseurs, military band, barber, tailor, shoemaker, artillery men, sharp shooter, musicians, performers, children, cantonment, shelters, trenches, barber shop, signal post, officers' shelters, well, railroad, theater in a camp, kitchen, blacksmith shop, headquarters, prison camp, dog ambulance, German gun, gas masks, and soldiers in camp eating meals, cooking, washing clothes, building shelters, attending mass, dancing, attending makeshift theater productions, playing cards, and bathing.

Places depicted include: Argonne (France) and Meuse (France).

Photograph Album PA-12024/4

Original album #12024, Series: "Album 4. "Camp Life," undated " PA-12024/4

119 images.

Black-and-White Photographic Prints.

Sepia Tone Photographic Prints.

Restrictions to Access: This item is not available for immediate or same day access. Please contact staff at wilsonlibrary@unc.edu to discuss options.

Digital Folder DF-12024/4

Digitized album #12024, Series: "Album 4. "Camp Life," undated " DF-12024/4

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Album 5. "Belgium and Alsace," 1915

Subjects include Belgian queen and minister of war, civilians, Belgian lancer, children, strolling merchant with wagon, Alpine soldiers, machine gunners, sentries, wounded soldier, soldiers in camp eating meals, maneorvres of a sausage balloon, Alsatian girls, laundresses, army photographer, kitchen, shelters, ruins, battlefield, Belgian camp, headquarters, Belgian and Alsatian villages, soldier with a monkey, cannon, torpedoes, snow, American ambulance, church, Alsatian school, mules, and dogs.

Places depicted include: Alsace (France), Alsace-Lorraine (Germany), Liège (Belgium), Louvain (Belgium), Metzeral (France), Rheims (France), and Ypres (Belgium).

Photograph Album PA-12024/5

Original album #12024, Series: "Album 5. "Belgium and Alsace," 1915 " PA-12024/5

113 images.

Black-and-White Photographic Prints.

Sepia Tone Photographic Prints.

Restrictions to Access: This item is not available for immediate or same day access. Please contact staff at wilsonlibrary@unc.edu to discuss options.

Digital Folder DF-12024/5

Digitized album #12024, Series: "Album 5. "Belgium and Alsace," 1915 " DF-12024/5

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Album 6. "On the Marne," undated

Pictured are infantry, Russian soldiers, aviator, stone cutters, Serbian refugees, Swedish mission, soldiers in camp eating meals, shelters, kitchens, cantonment, guardhouse, camps, barracks, underground hospitals, farms, churches, mills, trenches, munitions depot, ambulance, transport vehicles, train, gun carriage, Gatling gun, caisson, artillery, auto cannon, and decorations.

Places depicted include: Marne (France) and Rheims (France).

Photograph Album PA-12024/6

Original album #12024, Series: "Album 6. "On the Marne," undated" PA-12024/6

72 images.

Black-and-White Photographic Prints.

Sepia Tone Photographic Prints.

Restrictions to Access: This item is not available for immediate or same day access. Please contact staff at wilsonlibrary@unc.edu to discuss options.

Digital Folder DF-12024/6

Digitized album #12024, Series: "Album 6. "On the Marne," undated" DF-12024/6

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Album 7. "Marseilles, Le Havre, and Versailles," undated

Pictured are French Boy Scouts, Greek legionaries, Foreign Legion, Marocanis troops, Australian convoy, Serbian women, Serbian refugees, Serbian troops, children, "Hindoo" troops, British troops, Russian general, Russian troops, Argentine legionaries, Swiss soldiers, port, harbor, wharves, warehouses, train station, Palace in Versailles, seventeenth-century costumes, provision wagon, "Scotch dancing," fishing, and a religious ceremony.

Places depicted include: Marseilles (France), Seine-Maritime (France), and Versailles (France).

Photograph Album PA-12024/7

Original album #12024, Series: " Album 7. "Marseilles, Le Havre, and Versailles," undated" PA-12024/7

74 images.

Black-and-White Photographic Prints.

Sepia Tone Photographic Prints.

Restrictions to Access: This item is not available for immediate or same day access. Please contact staff at wilsonlibrary@unc.edu to discuss options.

Digital Folder DF-12024/7

Digitized album #12024, Series: " Album 7. "Marseilles, Le Havre, and Versailles," undated" DF-12024/7

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Album 8. "Prisoners," undated

Pictured are German prisoners and aviators, French soldiers, La Roche-Maurice prison camp, prison hospital, prisoners at work and roll call, and forced march of prisoners.

Places depicted include: Finistère (France), Gironde (France), and Meurthe-et-Moselle (France).

Photograph Album PA-12024/8

Original album #12024, Series: "Album 8. "Prisoners," undated " PA-12024/8

78 images.

Black-and-White Photographic Prints.

Sepia Tone Photographic Prints.

Restrictions to Access: This item is not available for immediate or same day access. Please contact staff at wilsonlibrary@unc.edu to discuss options.

Digital Folder DF-12024/8

Digitized album #12024, Series: "Album 8. "Prisoners," undated " DF-12024/8

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Album 9. "In Northern France," undated

Pictured are gunners, sentry, barber, Japanese mission, sharp shooters, Zouaves, engineer, German soldiers, shelters, church, ruins, telephone station, lumber yard, village, trenches, defense works, grotto, camp kitchen, farm, staff headquarters, aid station, cantonment, cave used as a saddle room, ambulances, soldiers in camp washing and eating, machine gun, evacuation of wounded, artillery, and reconstruction of a bridge.

Places depicted include: Aisne (France), Angers (France), Argonne (France), Champagne (France : Province), Clermont (France), Loos-en-Gohelle (France), Soissons (France), and Vardar River (Macedonia and Greece).

Photograph Album PA-12024/9

Original album #12024, Series: "Album 9. "In Northern France," undated " PA-12024/9

91 images.

Black-and-White Photographic Prints.

Sepia Tone Photographic Prints.

Restrictions to Access: This item is not available for immediate or same day access. Please contact staff at wilsonlibrary@unc.edu to discuss options.

Digital Folder DF-12024/9

Digitized album #12024, Series: "Album 9. "In Northern France," undated " DF-12024/9

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Album 10. "Spoils of War and Hospitals," undated

Pictured are troops, wounded soldiers, doctors, nurses, Red Cross, dentist, widow, dead, "crippled" soldiers, conquered German trench, hospital, aid station, operating room, cemetery, church, barracks, German gun, German shell, iron clad revolving cannon, remains of a zeppelin, captured German plane, German bombs (undetonated), soldiers in camp eating, dental visit, surgery, electrical treatment in a hospital, sanitary trains, gas masks, soldier's funeral, monuments, and burial.

Places depicted include: Chambéry (France).

Photograph Album PA-12024/10

Original album #12024, Series: "Album 10. "Spoils of War and Hospitals," undated " PA-12024/10

100 images.

Black-and-White Photographic Prints.

Sepia Tone Photographic Prints.

Restrictions to Access: This item is not available for immediate or same day access. Please contact staff at wilsonlibrary@unc.edu to discuss options.

Digital Folder DF-12024/10

Digitized album #12024, Series: "Album 10. "Spoils of War and Hospitals," undated " DF-12024/10

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Album 11. "Saloniki," undated

Pictured are English soldiers, bootblacks, Greek police, Greek refugees, "A typical Jew," Serbian soldiers, French officers, Italian troops, Russian troops and military band, "Colonial troops," Royal Serbian Guard, village, money changers shop, confectionery shop, mosque, Turkish consulate, street scene, outdoor concert, cinema, Liberty Square, market, bathing house, police station, Bulgarian Consulate, wharf, harbor, citadel, factory, Serbian camp, Serbian Consulate, burial, Jewish funeral, horses, and military supplies.

Places depicted include: Thessalonikē (Greece)

Photograph Album PA-12024/11

Original album #12024, Series: "Album 11. "Saloniki," undated " PA-12024/11

102 images.

Black-and-White Photographic Prints.

Sepia Tone Photographic Prints.

Restrictions to Access: This item is not available for immediate or same day access. Please contact staff at wilsonlibrary@unc.edu to discuss options.

Digital Folder DF-12024/11

Digitized album #12024, Series: "Album 11. "Saloniki," undated " DF-12024/11

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Album 12. "Vosges," undated

Pictured are Alpine soldiers, Spaniards, Norwegians, Swiss soldiers, Foreign Legion, French officers, wounded soldiers, ruins, tram station, shelters, staff headquarters, tunnel, village, Lake Noir, Lake Blanc, church, Alleaux woods, scenic views, monkey, snow, barbed wire, camp, artillery school, graves, train, Alaskan dogs, ambulance, mules, and soldiers in camp eating, skiing, bathing, and cooking.

Places depicted include: Gascony (France) and Vosges Mountains (France).

Photograph Album PA-12024/12

Original album #12024, Series: "Album 12. "Vosges," undated " PA-12024/12

77 images.

Black-and-White Photographic Prints.

Sepia Tone Photographic Prints.

Restrictions to Access: This item is not available for immediate or same day access. Please contact staff at wilsonlibrary@unc.edu to discuss options.

Digital Folder DF-12024/12

Digitized album #12024, Series: "Album 12. "Vosges," undated " DF-12024/12

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Album 13. "Artillery," undated

Pictured are machine gunners, artillery men, English gunners, grenadiers, shelter, sheltered battery, artillery park, artillery school, trenches, crater, cantonment, anti-aircraft cannon, munition train, horses, auto machine gun, mule convoy, soldiers in camp eating, German guns, horses, shell explosions, Gatling gun, howitzer, fête on July 14, shell cases, pneumatic gun, and the cleaning, repairing, loading, and firing of guns.

Places depicted include: Ligny (Belgium) and Saint-Hilaire (Essonne, France).

Photograph Album PA-12024/13

Original album #12024, Series: "Album 13. "Artillery," undated" PA-12024/13

120 images.

Black-and-White Photographic Prints.

Sepia Tone Photographic Prints.

Restrictions to Access: This item is not available for immediate or same day access. Please contact staff at wilsonlibrary@unc.edu to discuss options.

Digital Folder DF-12024/13

Digitized album #12024, Series: "Album 13. "Artillery," undated" DF-12024/13

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Album 14. "On the Oise," undated

Pictured are English gunners and soldiers, Senegalese soldiers, farrier, German prisoners and aviators, cavalry, army factory, machine shop, torpedo depot, munition storehouse, munition train, kitchen, telephone station, shelters, farm, ruins, bridge, village, prison camp, decorations, horses, cannon, bombarded omnibus, shell cases, German gun, German plane, graves, and soldiers in camp gardening, washing, exercising, and digging trenches.

Places depicted include: Oise (France) and Somme (France)

Photograph Album PA-12024/14

Original album #12024, Series: "Album 14. "On the Oise," undated" PA-12024/14

93 images.

Black-and-White Photographic Prints.

Sepia Tone Photographic Prints.

Restrictions to Access: This item is not available for immediate or same day access. Please contact staff at wilsonlibrary@unc.edu to discuss options.

Digital Folder DF-12024/14

Digitized album #12024, Series: "Album 14. "On the Oise," undated" DF-12024/14

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Album 15. "War Work," undated

Pictured are French soldiers, Senegalese, Zouaves, quartered soldiers, electrical engineers, military band, munition factory and depot, electric center, wharves, slaughter house, Dutch oil factory, dry dock, sawmill, bridge, women workers, shells, telegraph equipment, train, water wagon, casks of petroleum, cotton, lumber, soldiers reaping and harvesting, meat, oxen, sheep, buffalo, mules, laying of rail, construction, and pigeon house.

Photograph Album PA-12024/15

Original album #12024, Series: "Album 15. "War Work," undated " PA-12024/15

105 images.

Black-and-White Photographic Prints.

Sepia Tone Photographic Prints.

Restrictions to Access: This item is not available for immediate or same day access. Please contact staff at wilsonlibrary@unc.edu to discuss options.

Digital Folder DF-12024/15

Digitized album #12024, Series: "Album 15. "War Work," undated " DF-12024/15

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Album 16. "Prisoners," undated

Subjects include German prisoners including officers and an aviator, wounded prisoners, "prisoners taken at Combles," "prisoners taken before Verdun," "prisoners taken on the Hartman-Alsace," Bulgarian prisoners, Turk prisoners including officers, Prussian baron, "Turkish civil prisoners," "Austrian-German civilians interne camp," prison camp orchestra, prison tavern, prison library, concentration camp, artist's studio in internment camp, officer's room at prison camp, train, and a German cannon. Also includes an image of soldiers and Allied troops captioned "They throw them bread."

Places depicted include: Alsace (France), Angers (France), Aurillac (France), Brittany (France), Florina (Greece), Malta, Marne (France), Marseilles (France), Meuse (France), Orléans (France), Remiremont (France), Somme (France), and Thessalonikē (Greece).

Photograph Album PA-12024/16

Original album #12024, Series: "Album 16. "Prisoners," undated" PA-12024/16

101 images.

Black-and-White Photographic Prints.

Sepia Tone Photographic Prints.

Restrictions to Access: This item is not available for immediate or same day access. Please contact staff at wilsonlibrary@unc.edu to discuss options.

Digital Folder DF-12024/16

Digitized album #12024, Series: "Album 16. "Prisoners," undated" DF-12024/16

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Album 17. "Meurthe-et-Moselle," 1916

Subjects include an English general, Swedish mission, gunners, gas masks, farm, aid station, canal, inn, village, cantonment, machine stations, shelters, grave, cemetery, decorations for soldiers, large crowd of soldiers and civilians at an anniversary event, soldiers in camp washing, telephone wires, monument, Gatling gun, cannon, artillery training, and the ruins of cathedrals, museums, government buildings, hospital, homes, a chateau, and a synagogue.

Places depicted include: Arras (France), Gerbéviller (France), Lunéville (France), Meurthe-et-Moselle (France), Pas-de-Calais (France), and Raon-l'Etape (France).

Photograph Album PA-12024/17

Original album #12024, Series: "Album 17. "Meurthe-et-Moselle," 1916" PA-12024/17

133 images.

Black-and-White Photographic Prints.

Sepia Tone Photographic Prints.

Restrictions to Access: This item is not available for immediate or same day access. Please contact staff at wilsonlibrary@unc.edu to discuss options.

Digital Folder DF-12024/17

Digitized album #12024, Series: "Album 17. "Meurthe-et-Moselle," 1916" DF-12024/17

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Album 18. "Spahis and Marocanis," undated

Subjects include Spahis in camp roasting meat, dancing, playing games, training, and conducting bayonet practice, Spahis captain, Spahis cyclists, gunners, and trumpeters, "Spahis wife," Russian soldiers, "Maroconi troops" and band, wounded soldiers, children, Spahis cantonment and hospital, "Moorish café," village, trenches, shelter, kitchen, workshop, horses, and tents.

Places depicted include: Marne (France) , Oise (France), and Pas-de-Calais (France).

Photograph Album PA-12024/18

Original album #12024, Series: "Album 18. "Spahis and Marocanis," undated" PA-12024/18

96 images.

Black-and-White Photographic Prints.

Sepia Tone Photographic Prints.

Restrictions to Access: This item is not available for immediate or same day access. Please contact staff at wilsonlibrary@unc.edu to discuss options.

Digital Folder DF-12024/18

Digitized album #12024, Series: "Album 18. "Spahis and Marocanis," undated" DF-12024/18

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Album 19. "Ruins," 1914

Subjects include infantry, ruins, castle, home "destroyed by Zeppelin bomb," trenches, village, destroyed forest, electrical factory, telephone poles, evacuation of a village, tomb, burial, and cemetery.

Places depicted include: Berry au Bac Sites (France), Châlons-en-Champagne (France), Gerbéviller (France), Meurthe-et-Moselle (France), Meuse (France), Mortagne-au-Perche (France), Nieuwpoort (West Flanders, Belgium), and Pont-à-Mousson (France).

Photograph Album PA-12024/19

Original album #12024, Series: "Album 19. "Ruins," 1914" PA-12024/19

118 images.

Black-and-White Photographic Prints.

Sepia Tone Photographic Prints.

Restrictions to Access: This item is not available for immediate or same day access. Please contact staff at wilsonlibrary@unc.edu to discuss options.

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Album 20. "War Atrocities," undated

Subjects include troops, artillery men, prisoners, wounded soldiers, dragoons, refugees of Anatolia, Bois-Carre British Cemetery, dry dock, factory, church, ruins, synagogue, trenches, tunnel, shelters, camp, chapel, munition depot, school for the wounded, exercise room, concentration camp, navarin (stew), cruiser, tug-of-war game, German inscription on Joan of Arc Boulevard, graves, munitions, and German equipment.

Places depicted include: Bordeaux (Aquitaine, France), Brest (France), Châlons-en-Champagne (France), Clermont-Ferrand (France), Combles (France), Dunkerque (France), Fort de Douaumont (France), Fresnes (Val-de-Marne, France), Haut-Rhin (France), Lyon (France), Marcilly-Ogny (France), Marne (France), Meaux (France), Metzeral (France), Meurthe-et-Moselle (France), Meuse (France), Neuville-sur-Seine (France), Pas-de-Calais (France), Rennes (France), Sainte-Florine (France), Saint-Hilaire (Essonne, France), Saint-Nazaire (France), Senlis (France), Soissons (France), Somme (France), Toul (France), and Var (France).

Photograph Album PA-12024/20

Original album #12024, Series: "Album 20. "War Atrocities," undated" PA-12024/20

85 images.

Black-and-White Photographic Prints.

Sepia Tone Photographic Prints.

Restrictions to Access: This item is not available for immediate or same day access. Please contact staff at wilsonlibrary@unc.edu to discuss options.

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Album 21. "Eastern Front : Greece," undated

Subjects include Serbian soldiers, Serbian women, peasants, troops, Serbian barber, Serbian refugees, gunners, Greek soldiers, Alpine battalion, French officers, "Colonial general," Serbian officers, Albanian man, Serbian engineers, fusiliers, "Typical Orientals," seamen, Greek refugees, wounded soldiers, Turk prisoners, Serbian camp, market, citadel, hospital, bridge, street scenes, kitchen, ramparts, wharf, munition shelter, Senegalese camp, English camp, village, monastery, construction of barracks, vaccinations for cholera, flat boat, transport boat, musketoons, horses, telephoto camera, training, well, distribution of water, bread, and soup, and a Macedonian fête.

Places depicted include: Chalkidikē (Greece), Corfu Island (Greece), Lemnos Island (Greece), Macedonia, Thasos Island (Greece), and Thessaly (Greece).

Photograph Album PA-12024/21

Original album #12024, Series: "Album 21. "Eastern Front : Greece," undated" PA-12024/21

130 images.

Black-and-White Photographic Prints.

Sepia Tone Photographic Prints.

Restrictions to Access: This item is not available for immediate or same day access. Please contact staff at wilsonlibrary@unc.edu to discuss options.

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Album 22. "Navy," undated

Subjects include sailors, Marine Commission, admiral, cabin boys, infantry, blacksmiths, Russian soldiers, German cooks, Senegalese troops, Japanese naval officer, unloading of English automobiles, soldiers in camp bathing and eating, shells, Russian cruiser and man-of-war, sailboat, transport ship, mules, U boat, distribution of rations, torpedo boat, construction of a gun boat, submarine, cannon, cruiser, and anti-aircraft artillery.

Places depicted include: Aegean Sea, Bizerte (Tunisia), Mediterranean Sea, Messina, Strait of (Italy), Thessalonikē (Greece), and Toulon (France).

Photograph Album PA-12024/22

Original album #12024, Series: "Album 22. "Navy," undated" PA-12024/22

86 images

Black-and-White Photographic Prints.

Sepia Tone Photographic Prints.

Restrictions to Access: This item is not available for immediate or same day access. Please contact staff at wilsonlibrary@unc.edu to discuss options.

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Album 23. "On the Somme," undated

Subjects include troops, wounded soldiers, officers, prisoners, defense works, village, trenches, telephone station, farm, ruins, signal station, church, German trenches and canteen, barricades, telephone wires, construction, German cannon and guns, German grave, and burial of an aviator.

Places depicted include: Combles (France) and Somme (France).

Photograph Album PA-12024/23

Original album #12024, Series: "Album 23. "On the Somme," undated" PA-12024/23

105 images.

Black-and-White Photographic Prints.

Sepia Tone Photographic Prints.

Restrictions to Access: This item is not available for immediate or same day access. Please contact staff at wilsonlibrary@unc.edu to discuss options.

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Album 24. "Eastern Front : North Africa," undated

Subjects include "territorial troops," French officers and soldiers, sheiks, African horsemen and troops, Zouaves, Algerian gunners, interned civilians including artisans, English troops, Senegalese troops, "colonial soldier," "natives of Madagascar," "beggar," "A typical Moor," Senegalese soldier with a Cross of War, factory, artillery camp, temporary and country hospitals, refugee camp, mosque, recruiting station, oasis, battery, camp kitchen, street scene, Institut Pasteur de Tunis, trenches, internment camp including an artists' room, market, "colonial camp," salt basins, camp "in the Orient," cantonment, camel caravan, factory construction, obtaining of a smallpox vaccine, trepanning of a rabbit, digging of ditches, decoration of Algerians soldiers, Turkish burial, vaccinations for cholera and typhoid, fête, Bulgarian cemetery, Muslims at prayer, tents, and a "Mussulman Cemetery".

Places depicted include: Algiers (Algeria) , Casablanca (Morocco), Fez (Morocco : Province), Kavadarci (Macedonia), Oran (Algeria), Syria, and Tunisia.

Photograph Album PA-12024/24

Original album #12024, Series: "Album 24. "Eastern Front : North Africa," undated " PA-12024/24

138 images.

Black-and-White Photographic Prints.

Sepia Tone Photographic Prints.

Restrictions to Access: This item is not available for immediate or same day access. Please contact staff at wilsonlibrary@unc.edu to discuss options.

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Album 25. "On the Somme," undated

Subjects include trench diggers, gunner, Senegalese soldiers, English soldiers, artillery men, dragoons, English cavalry and infantry, trumpeters, cyclists, wounded soldiers, munitions station, ammunition park, ruins of a village, general's headquarters, hospital kitchen, cavalry camp, cantonment, German shelters, aid station, train, cattle, mules, auto cannon, shells, shell explosions, howitzers, bombardment, horses, marine cannon, anti-aircraft guns, caissons, gas masks, movable kitchen, Cross of War, and ambulances.

Places depicted include: Maurepas (France) and Somme (France).

Photograph Album PA-12024/25

Original album #12024, Series: "Album 25. "On the Somme," undated" PA-12024/25

88 images.

Black-and-White Photographic Prints.

Sepia Tone Photographic Prints.

Restrictions to Access: This item is not available for immediate or same day access. Please contact staff at wilsonlibrary@unc.edu to discuss options.

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Album 26. "Meuse," undated

Subjects include English officers, "newspaper men," military band, gunners, an "Arabian barber," Russian troops, sentinel, Poilus (common soldier), munition depot, artillery park, camp, ruins, cantonment, theater in a barn, soldiers' quarters, tobacco shop, aid station, trenches, railroad, fort, mill, village, shell cases, munitions, provision wagon, soup hour, casks, cooking, American ambulance, evacuation of wounded soldiers, digging of trenches, construction of shelter and defenses, gas masks, troops at rest, grave, and cemetery.

Places depicted include: Marne (France) and Meuse (France).

Photograph Album PA-12024/26

Original album #12024, Series: "Album 26. "Meuse," undated " PA-12024/26

103 images.

Black-and-White Photographic Prints.

Sepia Tone Photographic Prints.

Restrictions to Access: This item is not available for immediate or same day access. Please contact staff at wilsonlibrary@unc.edu to discuss options.

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Album 27. "Aerial Operations," undated

Subjects include aviators, aviation field, aviation camp, machine shop, hanger, armed plane, a downed LVG reconnaissance and artillery plane, Nieuport plane in flight, German planes, hydroplane, kite, inflation and loading of a sausage balloon, Fokker aircraft, and search light.

Places depicted include: Alsace (France), Chalkidikē (Greece), Corfu Island (Greece), Meurthe-et-Moselle (France), Somme (France), and Thessalonikē (Greece).

Photograph Album PA-12024/27

Original album #12024, Series: "Album 27. "Aerial Operations," undated " PA-12024/27

82 images.

Black-and-White Photographic Prints.

Sepia Tone Photographic Prints.

Restrictions to Access: This item is not available for immediate or same day access. Please contact staff at wilsonlibrary@unc.edu to discuss options.

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Album 28. "Saloniki," undated

Subjects include a German aviator, gunners, artillery men, wounded soldiers, Algerians, Albanian refugees, Italian troops, Africans, Russian regiment, engineers, Spahi (Algerian cavalry), English artillery men, Russian band, English band, English soldiers, Zouaves, "natives of Madagascar," Greek troops, ruins, camp kitchen, Bulgarian trench, cavalry station, digging of trenches, German plane, remains of a zeppelin, munition wagons, supply wagons, burial of a French soldier, a fête for wounded, battery, English convoy, artillery convoy, horses, Catholic mass, shells exploding, artifacts found in ruins, bridge construction, mules, tents, soldiers showering, Greek convoy, march, supply train, defense works, a general decorating soldiers, and a bivouac shelter.

Places depicted include: Thessalonikē (Greece).

Photograph Album PA-12024/28

Original album #12024, Series: "Album 28. "Saloniki," undated " PA-12024/28

109 images.

Black-and-White Photographic Prints.

Sepia Tone Photographic Prints.

Restrictions to Access: This item is not available for immediate or same day access. Please contact staff at wilsonlibrary@unc.edu to discuss options.

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Album 29. "Allied Armies," undated

Subjects include English camp, theater in the park, cantonment for American ambulance drivers, hospital tent, headquarters of Belgian War Administration, camp bread shop, quarry, trenches, moveable kitchen, dancing, tents, trucks, storehouse, guns, flat boats, construction of barracks, Pope blessing Russian troops, Russian religious ceremony, fête for wounded Russians, Canadian officers, English cooks, English battalion, Australian troops, Scotch soldiers and musicians, French musicians, Russian band, Russian soldiers, engineers, Russian mission, Russian consulate, Russian officers, and Serbian officers.

Places depicted include: Corfu Island (Greece).

Photograph Album PA-12024/29

Original album #12024, Series: "Album 29. "Allied Armies," undated" PA-12024/29

82 images.

Black-and-White Photographic Prints.

Sepia Tone Photographic Prints.

Restrictions to Access: This item is not available for immediate or same day access. Please contact staff at wilsonlibrary@unc.edu to discuss options.

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Album 30. "Toulon," undated

Subjects include wet and dry docks, embarkation of a "colonial regiment," a sentinel, foundry kegs of oil, machine shop and machinery, man-of-war (frigate), Russian cruiser, torpedo boat, wounded soldiers, mules, mechanics, munitions factory, women factory workers, naval hospital, electric crane, sanitary train, construction, and German prisoners of war.

Places depicted include: Toulon (France).

Photograph Album PA-12024/30

Original album #12024, Series: "Album 30. "Toulon," undated " PA-12024/30

81 images.

Black-and-White Photographic Prints.

Sepia Tone Photographic Prints.

Restrictions to Access: This item is not available for immediate or same day access. Please contact staff at wilsonlibrary@unc.edu to discuss options.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 2. Photo-mechanical Reproductions, undated.

134 images.

Mechanically printed reproductions of photographs are chiefly of French Armée soldiers and officers, colonial troops, and ruins from heavy bombardment. Series also contains portraits of British figures including King George V. and Lord Kitchener.

Image Folder PF-12024/1

Plates : "'Daily Mail' War Album," undated #12024, Series: "2. Photo-mechanical Reproductions, undated." PF-12024/1

5 images.

Black-and-White-Photo-mechanical Reproductions.

Photo-mechanical reproductions with portraits of British military officers and the king. "'Daily Mail' War Album" is printed at the top of the plates.

  • Admiral Sir John R. Jellicoe.
  • "His Majesty the King" (George V).
  • Winston Spencer Churchill.
  • Earl Kitchener.
  • Sir John French.
Photograph Album PA-12025/31

Plates : Guerre, 1914-1918 #12024, Series: "2. Photo-mechanical Reproductions, undated." PA-12025/31

129 images.

Black-and-White-Photo-mechanical Reproductions.

Subjects include French soldiers, generals, and cavalry, ruins and rubble, trenches, soldiers in camp, mines, German tank, derailed train, colonial troops, nuns, German graves, tanks, munitions factory, dead, parade, horses and oxen, and L'Arc de Triomphe.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 3. Scrapbooks, 1914-1919.

14 volumes.

The clippings scrapbooks contain hundreds of New York Times newspaper articles about the war. The articles are pasted into the scrapbook in chronological order, but scrapbooks covering some dates are not in the collection. The person who compiled the clippings scrapbooks is not identified. Series also contains a scrapbook with patriotic ephemera and printed items about the war effort on the American home front, especially in Cleveland, Ohio.

Oversize Volume SV-12024/1

Clippings, 30 September-14 October 1914 #12024, Series: "3. Scrapbooks, 1914-1919." SV-12024/1

Oversize Volume SV-12024/2

Clippings, 14-26 December 1914 #12024, Series: "3. Scrapbooks, 1914-1919." SV-12024/2

Oversize Volume SV-12024/3

Clippings, 9-24 April 1915 #12024, Series: "3. Scrapbooks, 1914-1919." SV-12024/3

Oversize Volume SV-12024/4

Clippings, 24 April-17 May 1915 #12024, Series: "3. Scrapbooks, 1914-1919." SV-12024/4

Oversize Volume SV-12024/5

Clippings, 17 August-18 September 1915 #12024, Series: "3. Scrapbooks, 1914-1919." SV-12024/5

Oversize Volume SV-12024/6

Clippings, 1 January-9 February 1916 #12024, Series: "3. Scrapbooks, 1914-1919." SV-12024/6

Oversize Volume SV-12024/7

Clippings, 2 June-3 July 1916 #12024, Series: "3. Scrapbooks, 1914-1919." SV-12024/7

Oversize Volume SV-12024/8

Clippings, 18 September-24 October 1916 #12024, Series: "3. Scrapbooks, 1914-1919." SV-12024/8

Oversize Volume SV-12024/9

Clippings, 2 May-13 June 1917 #12024, Series: "3. Scrapbooks, 1914-1919." SV-12024/9

Oversize Volume SV-12024/10

Clippings, 13-30 June 1917 #12024, Series: "3. Scrapbooks, 1914-1919." SV-12024/10

Oversize Volume SV-12024/11

Clippings, 2 July-7 August 1917 #12024, Series: "3. Scrapbooks, 1914-1919." SV-12024/11

Oversize Volume SV-12024/12

Clippings, 8 August-19 September 1917 #12024, Series: "3. Scrapbooks, 1914-1919." SV-12024/12

Oversize Volume SV-12024/13

Clippings, 3 November-12 December 1917 #12024, Series: "3. Scrapbooks, 1914-1919." SV-12024/13

Oversize Volume SV-12025/14

United States in the First World War, circa 1917-1919 #12024, Series: "3. Scrapbooks, 1914-1919." SV-12025/14

Scrapbook compiled by Frank M. Gregg of Cleveland, Ohio. Contains patriotic printed items and ephemera about the war effort on the home front. Subjects include rationing and thrift, the American flag, liberty loans, government bonds, war savings stamps, and the Red Cross. Some items are specific to Cleveland's local efforts.

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Processing Information

Processed by: Laura Hart, May 2018

Encoded by: Laura Hart, May 2018

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