Collection Number: 20023

Collection Title: Peter Hartman Collection, 1963-1974

This collection has access restrictions. For details, please see the restrictions.

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the Duplication Policy section for more information.


Archival processing of the Peter Hartman Collection was made possible through a grant from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.

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Size 24 items
Abstract The Peter Hartman Collection consists of audio recordings, 1963-1974, collected by folklorist, banjo player and businessman, Peter (Pete) Hartman, while he was an undergraduate student at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. The recordings primarily feature performances of Anglo-American Primitive Baptist hymns, interviews, and field recordings from the Blue Ridge Mountains region of Virginia. Topics discussed in these recordings include stories about the origins and functions of particular hymns, as well as anecdotes on Primitive Baptist preachers and singing schools. The collection also contains field recordings, 1974, of both Anglo-American and African American Primitive Baptist worship services that feature lined-out hymns, preaching, and prayers. Interviewees and subjects from the recordings include Guy Phillips and Oscar Harris, Anglo-American Primitive Baptists; the Anglo-American congregation of the Old Republican Primitive Baptist Church; A. C. Holloway (male) and Ollie Shively (female), Anglo-American Primitive Baptists from Sparta, N.C.; Elder William Holland, Anglo-American Primitive Baptist from Rocky Mount, Va., and the African American congregation of the Rockfield Primitive Baptist Church in Franklin County, Va. The collection also includes dubbed field recordings, 1963-1973, made at Primitive Baptist meeting houses in North Carolina, Virginia, Texas, Maryland, and Louisiana. These dubbed recordings were originally collected by Frank Simpkins of Roanoke, Va.
Creator Hartman, Peter, 1959-
Language English
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Restrictions to Access
Use of audio or moving image materials may require production of listening or viewing copies.
Restrictions to Use
No usage restrictions.
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the Peter Hartman Collection #20023, Southern Folklife Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Acquisitions Information
Received from Peter Hartman in September 1974 (Acc. 102542).
Sensitive Materials Statement
Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, the North Carolina Public Records Act (N.C.G.S. § 132 1 et seq.), and Article 7 of the North Carolina State Personnel Act (Privacy of State Employee Personnel Records, N.C.G.S. § 126-22 et seq.). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill assumes no responsibility.
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The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.

Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.

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Peter (Pete) Hartman was born in 1959 and grew up in Raleigh, N.C. Hartman, also a banjo player, holds a degree in Business Administration from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (1975) and an M.A. in American Folklore from Cooperstown (1978). As an undergraduate, Hartman began collecting primitive Baptist hymns, interviews and field recordings from the Blue Ridge Mountains region of Virginia.

After graduating from UNC-Chapel Hill, Hartman joined folklorist and librarian, Brett Sutton, to explore their mutual interest in religious folk music. In 1976, Hartman, Sutton, and UNC-Chapel Hill received a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) to document singing traditions in Virginia. For the duration of the grant, entitled "Religious Folksongs in the Virginia Mountains," Hartman and Sutton moved to southwestern Virginia. This region of Virginia, including Franklin, Lloyd, Henry and Patrick counties, was chosen because of the numerous resources in the archaic spiritual folksong style. From this research, a book and LP recording were produced, Primitive Baptist Hymns of the Blue Ridge, published in 1982 by the University of North Carolina Press. The original open reel audio recordings from this grant-funded project reside in the Brett Sutton and Peter Hartman Collection (#20042).

Hartman also briefly worked as program coordinator for the North Carolina Folklife Festival in Raleigh, N.C., and from 1977-1980 worked as Associate Director of the Blue Ridge Institute at Ferrum College in Ferrum, Va. In 1981 Hartman became Director of Planned Giving at Ferrum College. A year later, he entered a career in banking and financial services. He is now the Regional Director of Managed Accounts at Eaton Vance in Richmond, Va., and is an Accredited Investment fiduciary.

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The Peter Hartman Collection consists of 24 open reel audio recordings, 1963-1974, collected by folklorist, banjo player and businessman, Peter (Pete) Hartman, while he was an undergraduate student at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. The recordings primarily feature performances of Anglo-American Primitive Baptist hymns, interviews, and field recordings from the Blue Ridge Mountains region of Virginia. Topics discussed in these recordings include stories about the origins and functions of particular hymns, as well as anecdotes on Primitive Baptist preachers and singing schools. The collection also contains field recordings, 1974, of both Anglo-American and African American Primitive Baptist worship services that feature lined-out hymns, preaching, and prayers. Interviewees and subjects from the recordings include Guy Phillips and Oscar Harris, Anglo-American Primitive Baptists; the Anglo-American congregation of the Old Republican Primitive Baptist Church; A. C. Holloway (male) and Ollie Shively (female), Anglo-American Primitive Baptists from Sparta, N.C.; Elder William Holland, Anglo-American Primitive Baptist from Rocky Mount, Va., and the African American congregation of the Rockfield Primitive Baptist Church in Franklin County, Va. The collection also includes dubbed field recordings, 1963-1973, made at Primitive Baptist meeting houses in North Carolina, Virginia, Texas, Maryland, and Louisiana. These dubbed recordings were originally collected by Frank Simpkins of Roanoke, Va.

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Contents list

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Peter Hartman Collection, 1963-1974.

24 items

Arrangement: Original order has been maintained.

Titles and descriptions taken from SFC database and field notes.

Field notes for FT-20023/221-236, FT-20023/257-261, and FT-20023/1405-1407 reside in the Southern Folklife Collection Field Notes Collection (#30025).

SFC Audio Open Reel FT-20023/221

Guy Phillips, Primitive Baptist hymns, and related stories, 14 March 1974: reel 1 of 7 #20023, Series: "Peter Hartman Collection, 1963-1974." FT-20023/221

1/4" Open Reel Audio

5" reel

Recorded by Peter Hartman

Interview with Guy Phillips. Includes discussion of hymns, stories about travelling Primitive Baptist preachers, foot washing, selling ice cream at church meetings, and communions. Hymns discussed on the recording include "The Time Is Swiftly Rolling On," "Amazing Grace," "Hick's Farewell," and "How Firm a Foundation"

SFC Audio Open Reel FT-20023/222

Guy Phillips, Primitive Baptist hymns, and related stories, 14 March 1974: reel 2 of 7 #20023, Series: "Peter Hartman Collection, 1963-1974." FT-20023/222

1/4" Open Reel Audio

5" reel

Recorded by Peter Hartman

Interview with Guy Phillips. Includes discussion of hymns, pitching tunes, use of harmony, song composition, and good singers. Hymns discussed on the recording include "There Is A Spot to Me More Dear," "O Happy Day When Saints Shall Meet," and "Ye Pilgrims That Are Wandering Home"

SFC Audio Open Reel FT-20023/223

Guy Phillips, Primitive Baptist hymns, and related stories, 14 March 1974: reel 3 of 7 #20023, Series: "Peter Hartman Collection, 1963-1974." FT-20023/223

1/4" Open Reel Audio

5" reel

Recorded by Peter Hartman

Interview with Guy Phillips. Includes discussion of hymns, learning songs as a boy, funeral songs, secular songs, and love songs. Hymns discussed on the recording include "Blind Child," "Train FFV, Fastest on the Line," "Barbry Allen," "Going Home," "My Time Is Passing Swiftly By," "Why Do We Mourn Departing Friends," "O Happy Day," and "Little Romish Lady"

SFC Audio Open Reel FT-20023/224

Guy Phillips, Primitive Baptist hymns, and related stories, 14 March 1974: reel 4 of 7 #20023, Series: "Peter Hartman Collection, 1963-1974." FT-20023/224

1/4" Open Reel Audio

5" reel

Recorded by Peter Hartman

Interview with Guy Phillips. Includes discussion of hymns, August meetings as big social occasions, walking to church, and lives and religious experiences of preachers. Hymns discussed on the recording include "Little Romish Lady," "Down to the Sacred Wave," and "I Am a Lonely Pilgrm"

SFC Audio Open Reel FT-20023/225

Guy Phillips, Primitive Baptist hymns, and related stories, 14 March 1974: reel 5 of 7 #20023, Series: "Peter Hartman Collection, 1963-1974." FT-20023/225

1/4" Open Reel Audio

5" reel

Recorded by Peter Hartman

Interview with Guy Phillips. Includes discussion of hymns, religious experiences, opening hymns, Primitive Baptists songs as lullabyes, and secular activity (apple butter making, music and breakdowns). Hymns discussed on the recording include "Hungry and Faint," "Jeasus Thou Art the Sinner's Friend," "O Come with Me to the Old Church Yard," and "I need Thee Precious Jesus"

SFC Audio Open Reel FT-20023/226

Guy Phillips, Primitive Baptist hymns, and related stories, 14 March 1974: reel 6 of 7 #20023, Series: "Peter Hartman Collection, 1963-1974." FT-20023/226

1/4" Open Reel Audio

5" reel

Recorded by Peter Hartman

Interview with Guy Phillips. Includes discussion of hymns, singing schools, and shaped notes. Hymns discussed on the recording include "Tarry with Me O My Saviour," "In All My Lord's Appointed Ways," "Sweet Hour of Prayer," "We Speak of the Realms of the Blest," "Blind Child," and "One There Is Above All Others"

SFC Audio Open Reel FT-20023/227

Guy Phillips, Primitive Baptist hymns, and related stories, 14 March 1974: reel 7 of 7 #20023, Series: "Peter Hartman Collection, 1963-1974." FT-20023/227

1/4" Open Reel Audio

5" reel

Recorded by Peter Hartman

Interview with Guy Phillips. Includes discussion of hymns and singing schools. Hymns discussed on the recording include "An Alien From God and a Stranger to Grace," "Amid Scenes of Confusion," and "Dark and Thorny is the Desert"

SFC Audio Open Reel FT-20023/228

Oscar Harris, Primitive Baptist hymns, 9 March 1974: reel 1 of 2 #20023, Series: "Peter Hartman Collection, 1963-1974." FT-20023/228

1/4" Open Reel Audio

5" reel

Recorded by Peter Hartman

Hymns performed by Oscar Harris include "There Is a Place Where the Angels Dwelt," "Strangers Here Below," and "Amazing Grace"

SFC Audio Open Reel FT-20023/229

Oscar Harris, Primitive Baptist hymns, 9 March 1974: reel 1 of 2 #20023, Series: "Peter Hartman Collection, 1963-1974." FT-20023/229

1/4" Open Reel Audio

5" reel

Recorded by Peter Hartman

Hymns performed by Oscar Harris include "There Is a Spot to Me More Dear," "Home in Heaven, What a Joyful Thought," and "One Bright and Lovely Morning"

SFC Audio Open Reel FT-20023/230

Service at the Old Republican Baptist Church, 11 March 1974 #20023, Series: "Peter Hartman Collection, 1963-1974." FT-20023/230

1/4" Open Reel Audio

5" reel

Recorded by Peter Hartman

Field recording of a service at the Old Republican Baptist Church. Includes audio of white Primative Baptist congregation singing unaccompanied hymns. Identified hymns on this recording include "Jerusalem My Happy Home" and "Amazing Grace"

SFC Audio Open Reel FT-20023/231

A.C. Holloway, Primitive Baptist hymns, Sparta, N.C., 15 March 1974; Ollie Shively, Primitive Baptist hymns, 11 March 1974 #20023, Series: "Peter Hartman Collection, 1963-1974." FT-20023/231

1/4" Open Reel Audio

5" reel

Recorded by Peter Hartman

Singing is interspersed with interviews, stories about the origins of songs, anecdotes about Primitive Baptists, and disucssions about tunes. Hymns on this recording include "Amazing Grace" and "Deer Redeemer, Keep Me Free"

SFC Audio Open Reel FT-20023/232

Elder William Holland singing Primitive Baptist hymns, Rocky Mount, Va., 11 March 1974: reel 1 of 3 #20023, Series: "Peter Hartman Collection, 1963-1974." FT-20023/232

1/4" Open Reel Audio

5" reel

Recorded by Peter Hartman at the home of Elder William Holland

Singing is interspersed with interviews, including stories about the origins of songs and anecdotes about Primitive Baptists. Hymns on this recording include "I Am a Stranger Here Below," "On Jordan's Stormy Banks I Stand," "O Tell Me No More of This World's Vain Store," "The Day Is Past and Gone," "A Home In Heaven," "How Tedious and Tastless the Hours," "A Home in Heaven," and "Oh Beautiful Hills of Galilee"

SFC Audio Open Reel FT-20023/233

Elder William Holland singing Primitive Baptist hymns, Rocky Mount, Va., 11 March 1974: reel 2 of 3 #20023, Series: "Peter Hartman Collection, 1963-1974." FT-20023/233

1/4" Open Reel Audio

5" reel

Recorded by Peter Hartman at the home of Elder William Holland

Singing is interspersed with interviews, including stories about the origins of songs and anecdotes about Primitive Baptists and personal life. Hymns on this recording include "Oh Beautiful Hills of Galilee," "O Sing Me To Heaven" and "Nearer My God To Thee"

SFC Audio Open Reel FT-20023/234

Elder William Holland singing Primitive Baptist hymns, Rocky Mount, Va., 11 March 1974: reel 3 of 3 #20023, Series: "Peter Hartman Collection, 1963-1974." FT-20023/234

1/4" Open Reel Audio

5" reel

Recorded by Peter Hartman at the home of Elder William Holland

Singing is interspersed with interviews, including stories about the origins of songs and anecdotes about Job and predestination as a central Primitive Baptist doctrine. Hymns on this recording include "O How Happy Are They Who Their Savior Obey"

SFC Audio Open Reel FT-20023/235

Service at the Rockfield Primitive Baptist Church, 17 March 1974 #20023, Series: "Peter Hartman Collection, 1963-1974." FT-20023/235

1/4" Open Reel Audio

7" reel

Recorded by Peter Hartman

Field recording of a service at the Rockfield Primative Baptist Church lead by Elder T.E. Claytor. The recording includes prayer, preaching and lined-out hymns sung by a African American congreation.

SFC Audio Open Reel FT-20023/236

Service at the Charity Primitive Baptist Church, Charity, Va., 10 March 1974 #20023, Series: "Peter Hartman Collection, 1963-1974." FT-20023/236

1/4" Open Reel Audio

7" reel

Recorded by Peter Hartman

Field recording of a service at the Charity Primative Baptist Church in Charity, Va. The recording includes prayer, preaching and singing by a white congreation.

SFC Audio Open Reel FT-20023/257

Communion and footwashing service at the Rockfield Primitive Baptist Church, Franklin County, Va., 16 March 1974: reel 1 of 5 #20023, Series: "Peter Hartman Collection, 1963-1974." FT-20023/257

1/4" Open Reel Audio

7" reel

Recorded by Peter Hartman and Brett Sutton

Field recording of a communion and foot washing service at the Rockfield Primitive Baptist Church. This recording includes opening statements, hymns, prayer, comments, scripture reading and preaching. Those featured on the recording include Elder Claytor, Deacon Baker, Elder Young, Elder John Rhones[?], and Elder Sam Smith.

SFC Audio Open Reel FT-20023/258

Communion and footwashing service at the Rockfield Primitive Baptist Church, Franklin County, Va., 16 March 1974: reel 2 of 5 #20023, Series: "Peter Hartman Collection, 1963-1974." FT-20023/258

1/4" Open Reel Audio

7" reel

Recorded by Peter Hartman and Brett Sutton

Field recording of a communion and foot washing service at the Rockfield Primitive Baptist Church. This recording includes hymns, commenst, and preaching. Those featured on the recording include Elder Claytor, Elder B. "Mac" MacLauden, and Elder W.J. Edwards. Identified hymns include "I Will Trust In the Lord," "Amazing Grace," "I Am a Stranger Here Below," and "Oh Mary There Is Rest For Me"

SFC Audio Open Reel FT-20023/259

Communion and footwashing service at the Rockfield Primitive Baptist Church, Franklin County, Va., 16 March 1974: reel 3 of 5 #20023, Series: "Peter Hartman Collection, 1963-1974." FT-20023/259

1/4" Open Reel Audio

7" reel

Recorded by Peter Hartman and Brett Sutton

Field recording of a communion and foot washing service at the Rockfield Primitive Baptist Church. This recording includes preaching, hymns, and comments. Those featured on the recording include Elder W.J. Edwards, Elder Claytor, and Elder Young.

SFC Audio Open Reel FT-20023/260

Communion and footwashing service at the Rockfield Primitive Baptist Church, Franklin County, Va., 16 March 1974: reel 4 of 5 #20023, Series: "Peter Hartman Collection, 1963-1974." FT-20023/260

1/4" Open Reel Audio

7" reel

Recorded by Peter Hartman and Brett Sutton

Field recording of a communion and foot washing service at the Rockfield Primitive Baptist Church. This recording includes hymns, preaching, comments, and collection. Those featured on the recording include Elder Young and Elder Claytor. Identified hymns include "Hark the Voice of Love and Mercy," "I Want To Be at the Meeting," and "There Will Be Peace in the Valley Someday"

SFC Audio Open Reel FT-20023/261

Communion and footwashing service at the Rockfield Primitive Baptist Church, Franklin County, Va., 16 March 1974: reel 5 of 5 #20023, Series: "Peter Hartman Collection, 1963-1974." FT-20023/261

1/4" Open Reel Audio

7" reel

Recorded by Peter Hartman and Brett Sutton

Field recording of a communion and foot washing service at the Rockfield Primitive Baptist Church. This recording includes hymns, scripture, prayer, taking of the bread, taking of the wine, and footwashing. Those featured on the recording include Elder Edwards, Sam Smith, Deacon Edwards, Elder Claytor, and Elder Mac. Identified hymns include "When Christ the Lord Was Here Below," "Drinking of the Wine," "I Shall Not Be Moved," "O Lord, I'm a Motherless Child," and "Let Not Your Hearts Within You Grieve"

SFC Audio Open Reel FT-20023/1405

Primitive Baptist Meetings in North Carolina, Virginia, Texas, Maryland, and Louisiana, [1963-1973]: reel 1 of 3 #20023, Series: "Peter Hartman Collection, 1963-1974." FT-20023/1405

1/4" Open Reel Audio

7" reel

Dub of field recording originally collected by Frank Simpkins of Roanoke, Va.; Poor quality recording.

SFC Audio Open Reel FT-20023/1406

Primitive Baptist Meetings in North Carolina, Virginia, Texas, Maryland, and Louisiana, [1963-1973]: reel 2 of 3 #20023, Series: "Peter Hartman Collection, 1963-1974." FT-20023/1406

1/4" Open Reel Audio

7" reel

Dub of field recording originally collected by Frank Simpkins of Roanoke, Va.; Poor quality recording.

SFC Audio Open Reel FT-20023/1407

Primitive Baptist Meetings in North Carolina, Virginia, Texas, Maryland, and Louisiana, [1963-1973]: reel 3 of 3 #20023, Series: "Peter Hartman Collection, 1963-1974." FT-20023/1407

1/4" Open Reel Audio

7" reel

Dub of field recording originally collected by Frank Simpkins of Roanoke, Va.; Poor quality recording.

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Processing Information

Encoded by: Anne Wells, March 2016

Archival processing of the Peter Hartman Collection was made possible through a grant from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.

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