Collection Number: 40098

Collection Title: Carolina Inn Records, 1843-1995 (bulk 1950-1995)

This collection has access restrictions. For details, please see the restrictions.

This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the Duplication Policy section for more information.


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Size 3.0 feet of linear shelf space (approximately 3400 items)
Abstract For many years Chapel Hill's only hotel, the Carolina Inn was built in 1923-1924 by John Sprunt Hill, a trustee and benefactor of the University of North Carolina. Hill operated the Inn as a private business until 1935, when he donated it to the University, which placed it administratively within its Business Organization (later the Division of Business and Finance). Until 1993, the manager of the Inn reported to the officer responsible for auxiliary enterprises. In accordance with Hill's gift, income from the Inn supported the Library's North Carolina Collection. The Inn was renovated in 1939 and 1969-1972. In 1993, the University hired Doubletree Hotels, Inc., of Phoenix, Ariz, to run the Inn, with the University using its share of the profits for library support. The collection includes administrative records relating to the operation of the Carolina Inn and oral history interviews (51 audiotapes and two videocassette tapes), photographs, and other materials assembled, 1989-1992, in preparation of a history of the Inn. The bulk of the administrative material dates from the 1950s and 1960s. Financial records include expense and revenue ledgers and employee pay records. There is also material relating to the Inn's food service, room rentals, and various renovations, and a series of logbooks kept by front desk clerks, 1987-1990. Material dated prior to the Inn's construction consists of photocopies of deeds and other documents pertaining to the property on which the Inn was built.
Creator Carolina Inn (Chapel Hill, N.C.)
Language English
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Restrictions to Access
Use of audio and video materials may require the production of listening or viewing copies.
Restrictions to Use
No usage restrictions.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the Carolina Inn Records #40098, University Archives, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Acquisitions Information
Transferred from the , 1995-2001.
Sensitive Materials Statement
Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, the North Carolina Public Records Act (N.C.G.S. § 132 1 et seq.), and Article 7 of the North Carolina State Personnel Act (Privacy of State Employee Personnel Records, N.C.G.S. § 126-22 et seq.). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill assumes no responsibility.
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The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection--such as folders or items.

Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library's online catalog.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Historical Information

Visitors to Chapel Hill in the years around 1920 faced a troubling dilemma. Hotel accommodations were scarce, and when the privately owned and sadly dilapidated University Inn was gutted by fire in November 1921, the town lost its only provider of short-term commercial lodging.

The following year, University of North Carolina alumnus and trustee John Sprunt Hill proposed to alleviate the accommodations shortage by forming the Carolina Club Inn Inc., a non-stock corporation devoted to securing funds for a combination alumni center, faculty club, and hotel for the use of the University community. As part of this plan, approved by the Board of Trustees on 2 November 1922, Hill offered to donate the old Graves property located at the intersection of Cameron Avenue and Pittsboro Road, former site of the eighteenth-century New Hope Chapel, from which Chapel Hill took its name.

The Carolina Club Inn corporation met with little success. Despite the widely acknowledged need for hotel rooms in Chapel Hill, few alumni bought the subscriptions required for Club membership, the corporation's main projected source of income. Hill refused to abandon the project, however, and investing some $200,000 of his own resources, financed the building of the Carolina Inn himself.

Construction commenced in the spring of 1923 and was finished by December of the following year. Designed by Arthur C. Nash of the T.C. Atwood firm and erected by contractor H.L. Smith of Durham, the original red-brick, Southern Colonial style Inn was situated at the corner of Cameron Avenue and Columbia Street and contained fifty-two bedrooms, a dining room, a ballroom, a lobby, and several parlors. A covered walkway connected the Inn proper to a white clapboard cafeteria, formerly the Graves residence and later a boarding house, which had been moved from the north end of the property to an area just south of the new building.

For more than a decade after its opening in December 1924, the Carolina Inn was run as a private business and was open to the general public, rather than only to University alumni and staff, as initially planned. The Inn's first manager, Irving Gattman, oversaw operations for owner John Sprunt Hill until 1930, when he was replaced by Annie Martin, who leased the Inn from Hill for a portion of her five-year tenure. Under Gattman and Martin, the Inn provided much-needed lodging for visitors to Chapel Hill and to the University. It also became a popular meeting place for conferences, conventions, civic groups, and the community at large, a function it would retain for the next sixty years.

Hill's dream of providing the University with its own hotel materialized in 1935, when he and his family donated the entire Carolina Inn property to the University. An inscribed plaque hanging in the Inn's lobby sums up their intentions: "This gift affords a cheerful inn for visitors, a town hall for the state, and a home for returning sons and daughters of alma mater." In a letter to Governor J.C.B. Ehringhaus, dated 5 June 1935, Hill described the Inn and continued:

"It is our desire that this property be held in trust by the Trustees of the University of North Carolina, and the income therefrom used: First: For the maintenance and upkeep of the above mentioned property. Second: For the maintenance and support of the University Library, and especially for the support of that collection of books and papers known as the North Caroliniana, a part of the University Library heretofore partially endowed by us."

With the Hill family gift, the Carolina Inn became a part of the University campus and its workers University employees. Its services were not, however, reserved exclusively for the University community. The Inn continued--and continues--to welcome members of the general public seeking food, lodging, or both.

Haywood Duke, hired as Inn manager by UNC to replace Annie Martin in 1935, turned operations over two years later to Leigh Skinner, who served until 1948. During Skinner's tenure, the Carolina Inn more than doubled in size, thanks to a Public Works Administration grant and to the sale of revenue bonds. In 1939, the old wooden cafeteria on the south side of the property was removed and a new complex, designed by architect George Watts Carr and stylistically matched to the original Inn building, was erected in its place.

The addition included forty-two bedrooms, a new cafeteria with a seating capacity of two hundred, a faculty club room, and offices for the General Alumni Association, which had occupied a suite in the Inn since 1936. The expansion also provided long-term housing facilities for faculty, staff, and married graduate students--namely, a wing of two-room apartments attached to the Inn and twelve three-room flats, the Bryan apartments, in a separate structure to the southeast.)

A second expansion, accompanied by changes in the existing buildings, took place between 1969 and 1972. Forty-five new bedrooms and a large banquet hall were added, the kitchen expanded and modernized, and the lobby divided into meeting rooms. The Inn's front entrance, which had faced Cameron Avenue since 1924, was moved to Pittsboro Street, and the 1939 cafeteria, entirely remodelled, became a lobby for the new entrance. The additions included a new cafeteria, as well, erected on the Pittsboro Street side of the complex and decorated in 1971 with animals from the Circus Parade, a wood carving made in the 1940s by Carl Boettcher and formerly displayed in the Circus Bar of the Monogram Club.

At the same time, the Bryan Apartments underwent a transformation, albeit of function rather than form. In 1969 the building was taken out of residential use and turned over to the General Alumni Association, which had outgrown its old quarters in the Carolina Inn. Known thereafter as Alumni House, the building housed the offices of the Alumni Association until 1993, when they were transferred to the George Watts Hill Alumni Center.

By the late 1980s, the Carolina Inn's sixty-year run as Chapel Hill's chief purveyor of hospitality had ended. New hotels and restaurants in the area had begun to draw business away from the Inn, significantly lowering its once-exceptional occupancy rate. An aging building compounded the problem. Lacking the amenities of newer hotels--reliable heating and air conditioning, soundproof rooms, modern plumbing, a swimming pool--the Inn was ill-equipped to survive in the newly competitive market and needed renovations estimated in 1989 at $6.5 million. The Inn's status as an arm of the University made it subject, moreover, to the same salary schedules and purchasing systems as other State agencies, a severe disadvantage with respect to privately-owned competitors.

By fiscal year 1988-1989, the Carolina Inn was operating at a loss of $73,000, a deficit that more than quadrupled the following year. Alarmed, University officials considered three strategies for saving the venerable hotel: seeking legislative relief, including special exemptions to state personnel and purchasing regulations; transferring Inn operations to a non-profit branch of the UNC-CH Foundation; and allowing a private corporation to manage the Inn on the University's behalf.

The first two options proved unworkable. A state budget crisis precluded significant financial input from the legislature, and by May 1990, it had become clear that entrusting the Inn to the UNC-Chapel Hill Foundation, which had no hotel management experience, would put both Inn and Foundation at risk. Only the third option remained, and in March 1991, the University announced that it would hire a private company to manage the Inn.

Bids were accepted in August 1991 and more detailed proposals requested of selected bidders in the fall. A year and a half of deliberations ensued. Finally, in April 1993, the University announced that Doubletree Hotels, Inc., of Phoenix, Ariz., had been selected. The decision was approved by the North Carolina Council of State in May and made effective on 1 July 1993, when Doubletree Hotels received the Inn under a renewable five-year lease from the University.

On 20 November 1994, the Carolina Inn closed for a nine-month, $13.5-million expansion and modernization. Improvements to the Inn had commenced roughly two months earlier with the demolition of Alumni House, which was removed to make way for a new, 56-room wing. Then, with the November closing, a thorough overhaul of the existing buildings, and in particular the original structure, began. The renovations were carried out by general contractor McDevitt Street Bovis of Charlotte, N.C., after plans by the Richmond firm of Glave Newman Anderson.

The project resulted in a total of 185 guest rooms and suites, as well as several formal parlors and executive meeting rooms, an executive lounge, and a restaurant and bar. The cafeteria was eliminated and replaced by the John Sprunt Hill Grand Ballroom. Guests could then enjoy comforts that the Inn in its former state could not offer: exercise facilities; individual climate control, voice mail, and data ports in every guest room; state-of-the-art mechanical systems and plumbing; and an enlarged, upscale restaurant with indoor and patio dining, as well as a buffet line to please the old cafeteria clientele. University administrators and Doubletree Hotels stressed, however, that the modernizations would not deprive the Inn of its old-fashioned charm.

For more information on the architectural history of the Carolina In, see Archibald Henderson, The Campus of the First State University (Chapel Hill, 1949) and Rachel Long, Building Notes: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (1993), both available in the North Carolina Collection.

Managers of the Carolina Inn and their tenures are listed below.

For John Sprunt Hill:

1924-1930 Irving Gattman
1930-1935 Annie Martin

For the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill:

1935-1937 Haywood Duke
1937-1948 Leigh Skinner
1948-1961 Livingston Bertram Rogerson
1962-1980 Carl Moser
1980-1984 William Milling, Director of Hotel and Conference Services
1980-1988 Gene Walton, General Manager
1985-1987 David Yawars, Director of Hotel and Conference Services
1987-1989 Edward Rehkopf, Director of Hotel and Conference Services
1989-1991 Edward Rehkopf, General Manager
1992-1993 Margaret Skinner, Acting General Manager

For Doubletree Hotels, Inc.:

1993-1994 Gary Walton
1994- Terry Murphy
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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Scope and Content

Records include correspondence and other materials relating to the administration and operation of the Carolina Inn; and oral history interviews (51 audiotapes and two videocassette tapes), photographs, and other materials assembled, 1989-1992, in preparation of a history of the Inn. The bulk of the administrative material dates from the 1950s and 1960s. Financial records include expense and revenue ledgers and employee pay records. There is also material relating to the Inn's food service, room rentals, and various renovations, and a series of logbooks kept by front desk clerks, 1987-1990. Materials dated prior to the Inn's construction consist of photocopies of deeds and other documents pertaining to the property on which the Inn was built.

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Contents list

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series Quick Links

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 1. Administrative Files, 1843-1991.

This series includes records pertaining to the administration of the Carolina Inn beginning in the late 1940s. Though fragmentary, the records provide a detailed picture of finances and working conditions at the Inn during two segments of its past: the 1950s and early 1960s; and the years between 1988 and 1990.

Records for the first period, which in some cases extend into the 1970s and 1980s, are particularly informative about the financial workings of the Inn's various departments under managers L.B. Rogerson and Carl Moser. These materials include sales analyses from the cafeteria and cigar stand, employee pay records, occupation-rate statistics for guest-rooms, and expense and revenue ledgers for the hotel at large. A few miscellaneous items, such as menus, recipes, Christmas cards, and guest registers, vivify the picture presented by the financial data.

The logbooks kept by front desk workers in the late 1980s offer lively images of a later era in the Inn's history. Instituted in the late 1980s by manager Edward Rehkopf, the logbooks were used by management and staff to make announcements, record problems, and communicate with desk workers on various shifts. They also provided a forum where the workers could vent their frustrations and make light of difficult situations.

For information on the history of the Carolina Inn buildings, see Building and Grounds: Development, Renovation, and Maintenance, below in this series.

Box 1

Building and Grounds: Development, Renovation, and Maintenance, 1843-1899; 1922-1928; 1953-1973; 1982-1989; 1991 #40098, Series: "1. Administrative Files, 1843-1991." Box 1

Includes photocopies of early deeds that predate construction of the Carolina Inn; see also Series 2: Interviews: Fearrington, Joe; Hill, George Watts Sr.; Kyser, Georgia; Perry, Velma, and Laura Reeves; and Vample, James "Sonny"

Building and Grounds: Floor Plans, mid-1950s?; 1970 #40098, Series: "1. Administrative Files, 1843-1991." Box 1

Cigar Stand Sales Analysis and Purchases, 1954-1955 #40098, Series: "1. Administrative Files, 1843-1991." Box 1

See also Financial Records: Sales Tax Reports.

Conferences and Conventions, 1982; 1989 #40098, Series: "1. Administrative Files, 1843-1991." Box 1

Includes North Carolina Writers Conference; see also Series 2: Newspaper and Magazine Articles; and Interviews: Giduz, Roland.

Financial Records: General, 1954-1975 #40098, Series: "1. Administrative Files, 1843-1991." Box 1

See also Cigar Stand; Food Service; and Room Rentals: Rates and Policies.

Financial Records: Disbursement Requests: Volume 1: 1 June 1947-31 December 1955 #40098, Series: "1. Administrative Files, 1843-1991." Box 1

Financial Records: Disbursement Requests: Volume 2: 9 January 1956-30 June 1972 #40098, Series: "1. Administrative Files, 1843-1991." Box 1

Oversize Box OB-40098/1

Financial Records: Expense Ledgers and Subsidaries: Volume 1: September 1953-June 1954 #40098, Series: "1. Administrative Files, 1843-1991." OB-40098/1

Financial Records: Expense Ledgers and Subsidaries: Volume 2: July 1954-June 1955 #40098, Series: "1. Administrative Files, 1843-1991." OB-40098/1

Financial Records: Expense Ledgers and Subsidaries: Volume 3: July 1955-June 1956 #40098, Series: "1. Administrative Files, 1843-1991." OB-40098/1

Financial Records: Expense Ledgers and Subsidaries: Volume 4: July 1956-June 1957 #40098, Series: "1. Administrative Files, 1843-1991." OB-40098/1

Financial Records: Expense Ledgers and Subsidaries: Volume 5: July 1957-June 1959 #40098, Series: "1. Administrative Files, 1843-1991." OB-40098/1

Oversize Box OB-40098/2

Financial Records: Expense Ledgers and Subsidaries: Volume 6: July 1959-June 1961 #40098, Series: "1. Administrative Files, 1843-1991." OB-40098/2

Financial Records: Expense Ledgers and Subsidaries: Volume 7: July 1961-June 1962 #40098, Series: "1. Administrative Files, 1843-1991." OB-40098/2

Financial Records: Expense Ledgers and Subsidaries: Volume 8: August 1962-May 1966 #40098, Series: "1. Administrative Files, 1843-1991." OB-40098/2

Financial Records: Expense Ledgers and Subsidaries: Volume 9: July 1962-May 1970 #40098, Series: "1. Administrative Files, 1843-1991." OB-40098/2

Oversize Box OB-40098/3

Financial Records: Revenue Ledgers: Volume 1: July 1952-September 1958 #40098, Series: "1. Administrative Files, 1843-1991." OB-40098/3

Financial Records: Revenue Ledgers: Volume 2: October 1958-December 1964 #40098, Series: "1. Administrative Files, 1843-1991." OB-40098/3

Financial Records: Revenue Ledgers: Volume 3: January 1965-March 1971 #40098, Series: "1. Administrative Files, 1843-1991." OB-40098/3

Financial Records: Revenue Ledgers: Volume 4: April 1971-Febraury 1978 #40098, Series: "1. Administrative Files, 1843-1991." OB-40098/3

Box 1

Financial Records: Revenue Statistics: Percentages by Source, 1953-1954 #40098, Series: "1. Administrative Files, 1843-1991." Box 1

Financial Records: Revenue Statistics: Services, 1952-1954 #40098, Series: "1. Administrative Files, 1843-1991." Box 1

Includes statistics on rooms sold and meals served.

Financial Records: Salaries and Wages: General, 1951-1952; 1970-1973 #40098, Series: "1. Administrative Files, 1843-1991." Box 1

Oversize Box OB-40098/4

Financial Records: Salaries and Wages: Employee Pay Records: Volume 1: 7 July 1950-25 May 1952 #40098, Series: "1. Administrative Files, 1843-1991." OB-40098/4

Oversize Box OB-40098/5

Financial Records: Salaries and Wages: Employee Pay Records: Volume 2: 8 July 1951-28 June 1953 #40098, Series: "1. Administrative Files, 1843-1991." OB-40098/5

Oversize Box OB-40098/6

Financial Records: Salaries and Wages: Employee Pay Records: Volume 3: 5 July 1953-3 July 1955 #40098, Series: "1. Administrative Files, 1843-1991." OB-40098/6

Box 1

Financial Records: Salaries and Wages: Lenoir Dining Hall Salaries and Wages Analysis, 1951 #40098, Series: "1. Administrative Files, 1843-1991." Box 1

Financial Records: Sales Tax Reports, 1953-1954 #40098, Series: "1. Administrative Files, 1843-1991." Box 1

Food Service: General, 1970-1974 #40098, Series: "1. Administrative Files, 1843-1991." Box 1

See also Financial Records: Disbursement Requests; Financial Records: Revenue Statistics; and Series 2: Interviews: Davis, Luke; and Simmons, David)

REFERENCE:

FOR Food Service: Bake Shop: General SEE Series 2: Interviews: Parsell, Paul #40098, Series: "1. Administrative Files, 1843-1991." REFERENCE:

Box 1

Food Service: Bake Shop: Cost Analysis, Inventory, and Pricing, circa 1955-1956 #40098, Series: "1. Administrative Files, 1843-1991." Box 1

Food Service: Bake Shop: Order Lists, 1955 #40098, Series: "1. Administrative Files, 1843-1991." Box 1

Food Service: Bake Shop: Production and Operating Reports, undated; 1955 #40098, Series: "1. Administrative Files, 1843-1991." Box 1

Food Service: Bake Shop: Recipes, mid-1950s? #40098, Series: "1. Administrative Files, 1843-1991." Box 1

REFERENCE:

FOR Food Service: Cafeteria: General SEE Series 2: Interviews: Haines, Harry Albert; Hinsdale, Charles Edwin; McCallum, Christine; and Monroe, Lillie #40098, Series: "1. Administrative Files, 1843-1991." REFERENCE:

Box 1

Food Service: Cafeteria: Sales Analysis Control: Daily Reports, 1955 #40098, Series: "1. Administrative Files, 1843-1991." Box 1

Food Service: Cafeteria: Sales Analysis Reports by Meal, 1954-1955 #40098, Series: "1. Administrative Files, 1843-1991." Box 1

Food Service: Daily Summary Report for Food Cost, 1954 #40098, Series: "1. Administrative Files, 1843-1991." Box 1

Food Service: Dining Room and Catering Menus, circa 1950-1990 #40098, Series: "1. Administrative Files, 1843-1991." Box 1

Food Service: Personnel, 1980 #40098, Series: "1. Administrative Files, 1843-1991." Box 1

See also Series 2: Interviews: Davis, Luke; Haines, Harry Albert; Hinsdale, Charles Edwin; McCallum, Christine; Monroe, Lillie; Parsell, Paul; and Simmons, David.

Food Service: Revenue: Cafeteria and Dining Room, 1953-1959 #40098, Series: "1. Administrative Files, 1843-1991." Box 1

Box 2

Front Desk Logbook: Volume 1: 2 November 1987-5 April 1988 #40098, Series: "1. Administrative Files, 1843-1991." Box 2

Instructions, comments, problems, and humor written by and for the front-desk staff; see also Series 2: Interviews: Hackney, Glynn, and Ruthie Lawson; Nelson, John; Raxter, Cindy.

Front Desk Logbook: Volume 2: 3 March-19 August 1988 #40098, Series: "1. Administrative Files, 1843-1991." Box 2

Front Desk Logbook: Volume 3: 19 August-5 December 1988 #40098, Series: "1. Administrative Files, 1843-1991." Box 2

Front Desk Logbook: Volume 4: 5 December 1988-12 April 1989 #40098, Series: "1. Administrative Files, 1843-1991." Box 2

Front Desk Logbook: Volume 5: 12 April-25 July 1989 #40098, Series: "1. Administrative Files, 1843-1991." Box 2

Front Desk Logbook: Volume 6: 25 July-25 October 1989 #40098, Series: "1. Administrative Files, 1843-1991." Box 2

Front Desk Logbook: Volume 7: 26 October 1989-9 January 1990 #40098, Series: "1. Administrative Files, 1843-1991." Box 2

Front Desk Logbook: Volume 8: 8 January-17 April 1990 #40098, Series: "1. Administrative Files, 1843-1991." Box 2

Front Desk Logbook: Volume 9: 17 April-27 July 1990 #40098, Series: "1. Administrative Files, 1843-1991." Box 2

Guest Comment Cards, 1950-1953; 1961; 1989 #40098, Series: "1. Administrative Files, 1843-1991." Box 2

Box 3

Guest Registers: Volume 1: 1949-1956 #40098, Series: "1. Administrative Files, 1843-1991." Box 3

See also Guest Comment Cards, above.

Guest Registers: Volume 2: 1954-1962 #40098, Series: "1. Administrative Files, 1843-1991." Box 3

See also Guest Comment Cards, above.

Guest Registers: Volume 3: 1959-1963 #40098, Series: "1. Administrative Files, 1843-1991." Box 3

See also Guest Comment Cards, above.

REFERENCE:

FOR Housekeeping SEE Personnel Policies and Procedures; and Series 2: Interviews: Hughes, Jimmie F.; Perry, Velma, and Laura Reeves #40098, Series: "1. Administrative Files, 1843-1991." REFERENCE:

Box 4

Personnel Policies and Procedures: General, 1956; 1962; 1968-1973; 1977 #40098, Series: "1. Administrative Files, 1843-1991." Box 4

See also Financial Records: Salaries and Wages; and Series 2: Interviews: Pollitt, Daniel.

Oversize Box OB-40098/1

Personnel Policies and Procedures: Notice to All Employees, 1959 #40098, Series: "1. Administrative Files, 1843-1991." OB-40098/1

Broadside.

Box 4

Publicity, 1950s-circa 1991 #40098, Series: "1. Administrative Files, 1843-1991." Box 4

Includes brochures, Christmas cards, and postcards. See also Series 2: Newpaper and Magazine Articles: Clippings.

Room Rentals: Bryan Apartments/Alumni House, 1940; 1970 #40098, Series: "1. Administrative Files, 1843-1991." Box 4

See also Series 2: Interviews: Aden, John Michael and Marie; Giduz, Roland; Hudson, James Giles Jr. and Jean; Peacock, William Henry Jr. and Helen Virginia Miller Peacock.

Room Rentals: Rates and Policies: Function Rooms, 1950s?; 1971-1974; 1978-1979 #40098, Series: "1. Administrative Files, 1843-1991." Box 4

Room Rentals: Rates and Policies: Guest Rooms, 1950s?-1973; 1979-1982 #40098, Series: "1. Administrative Files, 1843-1991." Box 4

Room Rentals: Statistics: Numbers of Guests, 1953-1959 #40098, Series: "1. Administrative Files, 1843-1991." Box 4

Room Rentals: Statistics: Sales of Rooms, 1953-1957 #40098, Series: "1. Administrative Files, 1843-1991." Box 4

Room Rentals: Statistics: Unit Distribution, 1955-1960 #40098, Series: "1. Administrative Files, 1843-1991." Box 4

Room Rentals: Statistics: Units Occupied, 1953-1960 #40098, Series: "1. Administrative Files, 1843-1991." Box 4

Security Problems and Accidents, 1959; 1980; 1982-1991 #40098, Series: "1. Administrative Files, 1843-1991." Box 4

See also Series 2: Interviews: Comar, Ned; Fearrington, Joe; Neal, Edward Max; Nelson, John; Perry, Velma, and Laura Reeves; Rehkopf, Edward N.; and Newspaper and Magazine Articles: Clippings.

Self-Study, 1972 #40098, Series: "1. Administrative Files, 1843-1991." Box 4

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Series 2. Carolina Inn History Project, 1922-1995.

In the late 1980s, Gretchen Case, a student at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, and Maria Karres, a native of Chapel Hill, set out to write a book-length history of the Carolina Inn. Between January 1989 and December 1991, Case and Karres interviewed past and present Inn managers, employees, guests, and friends--in all, more than 80 people associated with the Inn from its inception to the eve of its transfer to private management.

Case and Karres then used these individual recollections, along with newspaper articles and administrative records, to write a narrative history. An unpublished typescript of their text is preserved in this record group, as are materials that the women collected in the course of their research. These include correspondence, newspaper clippings and transcripts, photographs of the Inn and its staff, and written interviews with former Inn employees and guests. The interviews are especially rich in details about the Carolina Inn grounds and buildings, the cafeteria and dining halls during the 1940s and 1950s, and the lives of Inn workers and patrons. Approximately half of the interviews are available on audiocassette.

expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 2.1. General Materials, 1922-1995.

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 2.2. Interviews, 1961-1992.

Most interview files include release forms and full or partial transcripts. Some also include correspondence and clippings. There are recordings, on 51 audiocassettes, of 38 of the interviews.

Box 4

Aden, John Michael and Marie, November 1989 #40098, Subseries: "2.2. Interviews, 1961-1992." Box 4

Babb, Wayne A., May 1990 #40098, Subseries: "2.2. Interviews, 1961-1992." Box 4

Audiocassette available: C-40098/34.

Bolton, Elizabeth Grier, August 1991 #40098, Subseries: "2.2. Interviews, 1961-1992." Box 4

Boone, Samuel Moyle, April 1990 #40098, Subseries: "2.2. Interviews, 1961-1992." Box 4

Borgognoni, Mary (nee Mary Bynum Holmes), March 1990 #40098, Subseries: "2.2. Interviews, 1961-1992." Box 4

Bozymski, Mary Kay, January 1992 #40098, Subseries: "2.2. Interviews, 1961-1992." Box 4

Audiocassette available: C-40098/7.

Breckenridge, Jean, March 1991 #40098, Subseries: "2.2. Interviews, 1961-1992." Box 4

Audiocassette available: C-40098/22.

Carlisle, Douglas Hilton, March 1990 #40098, Subseries: "2.2. Interviews, 1961-1992." Box 4

Clay, James Baker, August 1990 #40098, Subseries: "2.2. Interviews, 1961-1992." Box 4

Comar, Ned, October 1989 #40098, Subseries: "2.2. Interviews, 1961-1992." Box 4

Audiocassette available: C-40098/45.

Daniel, Robert Michael, January 1991 #40098, Subseries: "2.2. Interviews, 1961-1992." Box 4

Davis, Luke, April 1990 #40098, Subseries: "2.2. Interviews, 1961-1992." Box 4

Audiocassette available: C-40098/36.

Dawson, Alvin H. Jr., September 1989 #40098, Subseries: "2.2. Interviews, 1961-1992." Box 4

Audiocassette available: C-40098/31.

Drucker, Bertram Morris, August 1990 #40098, Subseries: "2.2. Interviews, 1961-1992." Box 4

Embry, Constance Ridout, October-November 1991 #40098, Subseries: "2.2. Interviews, 1961-1992." Box 4

Fearrington, Joe A., January 1992 #40098, Subseries: "2.2. Interviews, 1961-1992." Box 4

Audiocassette available: C-40098/8.

Fordham, Christopher, September 1989 #40098, Subseries: "2.2. Interviews, 1961-1992." Box 4

Audiocassette available: C-40098/38.

Freedman, Joseph, April-May 1990 #40098, Subseries: "2.2. Interviews, 1961-1992." Box 4

Friday, William, September 1990 #40098, Subseries: "2.2. Interviews, 1961-1992." Box 4

Audiocassette available: C-40098/43.

Giduz, Roland, November 1989 #40098, Subseries: "2.2. Interviews, 1961-1992." Box 4

Audicassette available: C-40098/51. See also Photographs.

Hackney, Glynn, and Ruthie Lawson, December 1991 #40098, Subseries: "2.2. Interviews, 1961-1992." Box 4

Audiocassette available: C-40098/50-51.

Haines, Harry Albert, May 1990 #40098, Subseries: "2.2. Interviews, 1961-1992." Box 4

Hall, A.N., October 1990 #40098, Subseries: "2.2. Interviews, 1961-1992." Box 4

See also Newspaper and Magazine Articles: Clippings.

Helvey-Hayes, Jacqueline, June 1991 #40098, Subseries: "2.2. Interviews, 1961-1992." Box 4

Audiocassette available: C-40098/46-47.

Helms, Worth M., June 1991 #40098, Subseries: "2.2. Interviews, 1961-1992." Box 4

Heym, Mary Parke, 1961-1987; 1990 #40098, Subseries: "2.2. Interviews, 1961-1992." Box 4

This folder does not contain an interview but, rather, correspondence with and regarding Mary Parke Heym. See also interviews with Bolton, Elizabeth Grier; Bozymski, Mary Kay; and Weaver, James.

Hill, George Watts Sr., December 1987; March 1990 #40098, Subseries: "2.2. Interviews, 1961-1992." Box 4

Audiocassette available: C-40098/13.

Hilliard, Jack, January 1990 #40098, Subseries: "2.2. Interviews, 1961-1992." Box 4

Hinsdale, Charles Edwin, May 1990 #40098, Subseries: "2.2. Interviews, 1961-1992." Box 4

Audiocassette available: C-40098/29.

Holleman, William Arnold, September 1991 #40098, Subseries: "2.2. Interviews, 1961-1992." Box 4

Audiocassette available: C-40098/42-43.

REFERENCE:

FOR Holmes, Mary Bynum: SEE Borgognoni, Mary #40098, Subseries: "2.2. Interviews, 1961-1992." REFERENCE:

Box 4

Hudson, James Giles Jr., and Jean, October-December 1989 #40098, Subseries: "2.2. Interviews, 1961-1992." Box 4

Hughes, Jimmie F., Febraury 1990 #40098, Subseries: "2.2. Interviews, 1961-1992." Box 4

Hunt, Douglass, October 1989 #40098, Subseries: "2.2. Interviews, 1961-1992." Box 4

Hunt, William Lanier, late 1980s or early 1990s #40098, Subseries: "2.2. Interviews, 1961-1992." Box 4

Jacocks, Mr. and Mrs. Frank, September 1990 #40098, Subseries: "2.2. Interviews, 1961-1992." Box 4

Audiocassette available: C-40098/37.

REFERENCE:

FOR Jacocks, William Picard: SEE Jacocks, Mr. and Mrs. Frank #40098, Subseries: "2.2. Interviews, 1961-1992." REFERENCE:

Box 4

Jones, H.G., December 1991 #40098, Subseries: "2.2. Interviews, 1961-1992." Box 4

Kyser, Georgia, August 1991 #40098, Subseries: "2.2. Interviews, 1961-1992." Box 4

REFERENCE:

FOR Lawson, Ruthie: SEE Hackney, Glynn, and Ruthie Lawson #40098, Subseries: "2.2. Interviews, 1961-1992." REFERENCE:

Box 4

McCallum, Christine Boone, August 1990 #40098, Subseries: "2.2. Interviews, 1961-1992." Box 4

McGirt, Pauline, Febraury 1990 #40098, Subseries: "2.2. Interviews, 1961-1992." Box 4

Audiocassette available: C-40098/35.

REFERENCE:

FOR McKissick, Floyd: SEE Pollitt, Daniel #40098, Subseries: "2.2. Interviews, 1961-1992." REFERENCE:

Box 4

Miller, Daniel, October-December 1989 #40098, Subseries: "2.2. Interviews, 1961-1992." Box 4

Milling, William, December 1991 #40098, Subseries: "2.2. Interviews, 1961-1992." Box 4

Monroe, Lillie, December 1989 #40098, Subseries: "2.2. Interviews, 1961-1992." Box 4

Audiocassette available: C-40098/23. See also Peele, Carolyn E.

Moser, Carl, April 1990 #40098, Subseries: "2.2. Interviews, 1961-1992." Box 4

Audiocassette available: C-40098/32-33. See also Newspaper and Magazine Articles: Clippings.

Neal, Edward Max, January 1990 #40098, Subseries: "2.2. Interviews, 1961-1992." Box 4

Audiocassette available: C-40098/19.

Nelson, John, April 1990 #40098, Subseries: "2.2. Interviews, 1961-1992." Box 4

Audiocassette available: C-40098/49-50.

Oettinger, Elmer Rosenthal Jr., September 1989; November 1989 #40098, Subseries: "2.2. Interviews, 1961-1992." Box 4

Audiocassette available: C-40098/20-21.

Parker, Louise B., Febraury 1990 #40098, Subseries: "2.2. Interviews, 1961-1992." Box 4

Audiocassette available: C-40098/39-40.

Parsell, Paul, September 1989 #40098, Subseries: "2.2. Interviews, 1961-1992." Box 4

Audiocassette available: C-40098/44.

Peacock, William Henry Jr., and Helen Virginia Miller Peacock, September 1989 #40098, Subseries: "2.2. Interviews, 1961-1992." Box 4

Peele, Carolyn E., September 1989 #40098, Subseries: "2.2. Interviews, 1961-1992." Box 4

Audiocassette available: C-40098/44-45.

Perry, Velma, and Laura Reeves, September 1989 #40098, Subseries: "2.2. Interviews, 1961-1992." Box 4

Audiocassette available: C-40098/14.

Pollitt, Daniel, May 1991 #40098, Subseries: "2.2. Interviews, 1961-1992." Box 4

Audiocassette available: C-40098/15.

Powell, William, Febraury 1990 #40098, Subseries: "2.2. Interviews, 1961-1992." Box 4

Audiocassette available: C-40098/40.

Raxter, Cindy, November 1989; January 1990 #40098, Subseries: "2.2. Interviews, 1961-1992." Box 4

Audiocassette available: C-40098/16-18.

REFERENCE:

FOR Reeves, Laura: See Perry, Velma, and Laura Reeves #40098, Subseries: "2.2. Interviews, 1961-1992." REFERENCE:

Box 4

Rehkopf, Edward N., June 1991 #40098, Subseries: "2.2. Interviews, 1961-1992." Box 4

Audiocassette available: C-40098/47-48. See also interviews with Hill, George Watts Sr.; and Newspaper and Magazine Articles.

REFERENCE:

FOR Ridout, Constance: SEE Embry, Constance Ridout #40098, Subseries: "2.2. Interviews, 1961-1992." REFERENCE:

Box 4

Riggsbee, Vance, December 1991 #40098, Subseries: "2.2. Interviews, 1961-1992." Box 4

Audiocassette available: C-40098/37.

Scott, Donald Bruce, March-April 1990 #40098, Subseries: "2.2. Interviews, 1961-1992." Box 4

Seymour, Robert, September 1989 #40098, Subseries: "2.2. Interviews, 1961-1992." Box 4

Audiocassette available: C-40098/38.

Simmons, David, August 1991 #40098, Subseries: "2.2. Interviews, 1961-1992." Box 4

Audiocassette available: C-40098/41-42.

Skinner, Sally, April 1990 #40098, Subseries: "2.2. Interviews, 1961-1992." Box 4

Audiocassette available: C-40098/11-12.

Smith, Jordan M., January 1990 #40098, Subseries: "2.2. Interviews, 1961-1992." Box 4

Audiocassette available: C-40098/26-27.

Stout, Robert M., September 1989 #40098, Subseries: "2.2. Interviews, 1961-1992." Box 4

Audiocassette available: C-40098/48.

Vample, James "Sonny," January 1990 #40098, Subseries: "2.2. Interviews, 1961-1992." Box 4

Audiocassette available: C-40098/28.

Walker, Leroy E., January 1990 #40098, Subseries: "2.2. Interviews, 1961-1992." Box 4

Audiocassette available: C-40098/30.

Wall, Bennett Harrison, July 1990; August 1990 #40098, Subseries: "2.2. Interviews, 1961-1992." Box 4

Watts, Gladys (Mrs. Walter A. Watts), November 1990 #40098, Subseries: "2.2. Interviews, 1961-1992." Box 4

Audiocassette available: C-40098/24.

Weaver, James, Febraury 1990 (See also Interviews: Friday, William; Photographs: Personnel: Professional Waiters and Food-Service Staff; and Series 1: Food Service: Personnel) #40098, Subseries: "2.2. Interviews, 1961-1992." Box 4

Audiocassette available: C-40098/9-10. See also interview with Friday, William; Photographs: Personnel: Professional Waiters and Food-Service Staff; and Series 1: Food Service: Personnel.

Wesseling, Eleanor, November 19 #40098, Subseries: "2.2. Interviews, 1961-1992." Box 4

Audiocassette available: C-40098/25.

Winstead, Barden Jr., March 1990 #40098, Subseries: "2.2. Interviews, 1961-1992." Box 4

Wooten, Carl C. "Chris" Jr., Febraury-March 1990 #40098, Subseries: "2.2. Interviews, 1961-1992." Box 4

Yawars, David, November 1991 #40098, Subseries: "2.2. Interviews, 1961-1992." Box 4

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expand/collapse Expand/collapse Subseries 2.3. Photographs, 1920s-1991.

Negatives are available for some photographs. A small collection of photographic negatives for which there are no prints is also available. The Arthur C. Nash Papers (#4061) in the Southern Historical Collection also includes photographs of the Carolina Inn.

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General, early 1960s; circa 1991 #40098, Subseries: "2.3. Photographs, 1920s-1991." P-40098/1-14

(See also Series 1: Publicity; and Series 2: History of the Carolina Inn; and Series 2: Newspaper and Magazine Articles: Clippings)

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Carolina Inn Building: Exterior views: Cameron Avenue Facade, 1920s-1991 #40098, Subseries: "2.3. Photographs, 1920s-1991." P-40098/15-41

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Carolina Inn Building: Exterior Views: From Pittsboro Street and South Side, 1950s-circa 1991 #40098, Subseries: "2.3. Photographs, 1920s-1991." P-40098/42-56

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Carolina Inn Building: Exterior Views: From South Columbia Street, 1940-[1980s] #40098, Subseries: "2.3. Photographs, 1920s-1991." P-40098/57-68

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Carolina Inn Building: Interior Views: General, 1941-1954; 1977-1991 #40098, Subseries: "2.3. Photographs, 1920s-1991." P-40098/69-109

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Carolina Inn Building: Interior Views: Cafeteria and Circus Parade Carvings, circa 1948-1991 #40098, Subseries: "2.3. Photographs, 1920s-1991." P-40098/110-123

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Carolina Inn Building: Interior Views: Dining Rooms and Bar, 1960s; 1991 #40098, Subseries: "2.3. Photographs, 1920s-1991." P-40098/124-132

(See also Interviews: Giduz, Roland; Helvey-Hayes, Jacqueline.

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Personnel: General, circa 1955-1991 #40098, Subseries: "2.3. Photographs, 1920s-1991." P-40098/133-175

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Personnel: Professional Waiters and Food-Service Staff, 1942-1960s #40098, Subseries: "2.3. Photographs, 1920s-1991." P-40098/176-186

See also Interviews: McCallum, Christine; Weaver, James.

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Personnel: Student Waiters, 1953-1962 #40098, Subseries: "2.3. Photographs, 1920s-1991." P-40098/187-206

See also Interviews: Babb, Wayne A.; Helms, Worth N.

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Receptions and Banquets: Morehead Building, 1950s-1960s #40098, Subseries: "2.3. Photographs, 1920s-1991." P-40098/207-213

See also Interviews: Clay, James Baker; Hill, George Watts Sr.; Friday, William; Weaver, James.

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Receptions and Banquets: Weddings, 1952-circa 1956 #40098, Subseries: "2.3. Photographs, 1920s-1991." P-40098/214-237

See also Interviews: Clay, James Baker; Hill, George Watts Sr.; Friday, William; Weaver, James.

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Processing Information

Processed by: University Archives Staff

Encoded by: ByteManagers Inc., 2008

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