Ledgers and daybooks of a large Fayetteville, N.C., mercantile firm, chiefly in the 1880s, but also 1833-1835 and 1870s; and accounts of the firm with a black man who did hauling and errands, 1885-1888.
The A. M. Johnson Rayon Mills in Burlington, N.C., was originally built in 1927 and extensively expanded in 1929. The company was reorganized in 1930 as the Carolina Cotton Mills. The mill was closed in 1931.
Anderson Abercrombie was from Columbus, Ga.
The Abernathy family was located in Tennessee and Texas. Family members include Jesse Jones Abernathy (1817-1895), his wife Sarah Esther Howard Abernathy, and the Abernathys's children, Alfred (b. 1879) and Anesta (1880-1973). Both Jesse Jones Abernathy and Alfred Abernathy were physicians and professors at the Medical College of the University of the South, and Anesta Abernathy was a nurse. During the Civil War, Jesse Jones Abernathy worked as a Confederate Army surgeon in Bowling Green, Ky.
The collection is a Christmas letter, 26 December 1864, to C. P. Abernathy of Raleigh, N.C., from his sister in Mullberry Valley.
Personal papers of Milton "Ab" Abernethy and Minna K. Abernethy, white publishers of the journal Contempo and operators of the Intimate Bookshop in Chapel Hill, N.C. Materials include: Ab's correspondence from his student days at North Carolina State College of Agriculture and Engineering (now North Carolina State University) in 1928-1929 (he was thrown out of N.C. State by the Honor Court for publishing an article about widespread cheating on campus); drafts and other papers related to articles he published while at N.C. State; correspondence from North Carolina political leaders while Ab was running the student Democratic Club at N.C. State; a letter from Clarence Darrow (who Ab had written for help with his appeal for expulsion); papers from 1929-1930 about a project he was working on related to the conditions of textile workers in the South; photographs of the Intimate Bookshop; and other papers. Also included materials documenting Minna K. Abernethy's leadership in the Daniels Defense Committee, an ad hoc group (marked by the House Un-American Activities Committee as a Communist front group) who advocated for the exoneration of Bennie Daniels and Lloyd Ray Daniels, two Black men accused of the murder of a white taxi driver in Pitt County, N.C. Even though their appeal went all the way to the U.S. Supreme Court, the two men were ultimately executed. Daniels Defense Committee materials include correspondence with the Daniels' attorney, legal papers and research, papers on fundraising for a defense fund, leaflets with facts about the case, and other items. There is also a copy of The Enchanted Lake, signed by Joseph Caldwell.
Native of Tennessee; author, art collector, and Washington, D.C., lawyer. After his death Ackland's art collection and an endowment for a museum was given to the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Ackland's name was originally Acklen. Ackland travelled widely, spending part of each year in London and Florida, and moved in society in England and America. His papers, mostly dating from 1890, consist of extensive social correspondence; manuscripts of short stories, novels, and plays written by him; notebooks and scrapbooks on many subjects, especially reflecting social conditions during the Victorian age and into the early 20th century; personal diaries, 1894-1900 and 1927-1928; autograph letters and autographs of many British and American notables; reminiscences of his childhood near Nashville, Tenn., his education, and his legal practice and social life; and other items. Letters to Ackland include two, 1878 and 1879, from Henry W. Longfellow, and an eight-page letter, 1880, from Sidney Lanier about what he thought was involved in being a poet. Collected items incude single letters from Ralph Waldo Emerson, 1847, Oliver Wendell Holmes, 1884, and James Russell Lowell, 1886, and two letters from John Greenleaf Whittier.
The collection contains compilations of genealogical information for white North Carolina families related to Rita Adams Simpson (b. 1928) of Charlotte, N.C., and Joseph Bradford Simpson (1920-1979) of Salisbury and Rowan, N.C. Compilations contain family trees, family histories, biographical information, copies of related historical documents, newspaper clippings, correspondence, and photographs. Family lines represented in the genealogical information include Adams, Simpson, Roach, Gettys, Remer, Strait, Burns, Beckwith, Crowder, Ledford, Arnold, and Whisnant.
Agatha Boyd Adams was a University of North Carolina librarian.
The collection includes the correspondence of Charles C. Adams, director of the New York State Museum, concerning the writing and publication of a A Guide to the Winter Birds of the North Carolina Sandhills (1928), by Milton Philo Skinner (born 1879). Correspondence was mainly with John Warren Achorn (1857-1926), who originated the plans for the guide, financed it, and wrote some of the chapters; Skinner, field naturalist who wrote the major portion of the volume; and Edmund J. Sawyer (born 1880), who illustrated it. Also included are field study notes and photographs of the North Carolina sandhills area.
The collection includes letters received by E. F. Adams, of Vanceboro, N.C., from Benjamin Rice Lacy and J. S. Mann, rival candidates for treasurer of North Carolina in the Democratic primary of 1916, seeking Adams's support.
Correspondence, writings, interviews, and other material of white philosophy professor, E. Maynard Adams (1919-2003), chiefly documenting his professional life as a philosopher and faculty member at the University of North Carolina, but also including letters from Adams to his parents, 1937-1983. The collection contains Adams's professional correspondence and drafts of his writings as well as interviews with Adams by professors and students, films, and photographs of Adams. The interviews are primarily about Adams's ideas about important philosophical issues. Included are discussions of humanism, naturalism, metaphysics, logic, language, religion, morality, ethics, and Adams's criticisms of the economic system and ideas about structuring a humanistic economic system. Some interviews also discuss his life and the history of the University of North Carolina and its Department of Philosophy. Also included are audiocassettes of philosophy classes taught by Adams.
Ray T. Adams was a meat wholesaler in Washington, D.C., who purchased the Whalehead Club, which occupied a Corolla, N.C., beach mansion owned by Adams, 1939-1957. The collection includes scrapbooks, a guestbook, photograph albums, newspaper clippings, and other material of Ray T. Adams, relating to the Whalehead Club.
The Adams-Millis Corporation, a hosiery manufacturer, was founded in 1904 with headquarters in High Point, N.C. Adams-Millis produced socks for a number of different companies. One of its major clients was the Sara Lee Corporation, for which it manufactured Hanes brand socks. The idea of Sara Lee's acquiring Adams-Millis arose in 1985, when Adams-Millis was under the leadership of chairman and chief executive officer, James H. Millis, Sr. Serious meetings between Sara Lee and Adams-Millis officials concerning the prospect began in late 1986. The concept came to fruition in October of 1988, when Adams-Millis's stockholders approved the acquisition.
Kendall Addison was presumably a resident of the eastern shore of Virginia or Maryland. The collection includes accounts, presumably of Kendall Addison, of merchandise and shipping with some pages later used as a scrapbook for clippings, especially of recipes.
James Davis Jr. of Stokes County, N.C., married Elizabeth McAnally in 1817. Together they had 13 children including Mary Ann Davis, Emily Caroline Davis, and James William Davis. Mary Ann Davis married Wilson Fulton in 1841, and they had nine children. The Fulton family moved to Texas shortly before the Civil War. Emily Caroline Davis married Hiram Adkins, a tutor for the Davis family children, in 1858. Hiram became a preacher in the Davis family chapel and helped with its operations as well as running other businesses in Stokes County, N.C., including lumber mills.
Proceedings of the annual meetings of the North Carolina Conference of the African Methodist Episcopal (A.M.E.) Church for the years 1935, 1937, 1940, 1943-1946, and 1950. The meetings were held in Wilmington, Fayetteville, Kinston, and Rich Square, N.C. Presiding bishop for most of them was Monroe H. Davis of Baltimore, Md., who was suspended by the National Conference in 1946. Minutes for annual conferences begin with a roll of elders, deacons, lay members, prominent visitors, and other groups present. The Journal of Proceedings documents the activities of the Conference in three sessions per day over the five days of the Conference. Reports of the various committees are transcribed in the minutes, including most notably reports on the A.M.E. Church's missionary program and reports of the committees on the state of the country and the church, on education, and on temperance. Many of these reports are long essays that include, for example, statements on the meaning and value of education in general, for the African American community specifically, and the importance of supporting the A.M.E. Church's own Kittrell College. Reports on the state of the country describe economic hardships and work shortages in the Great Depression and World War II. The report on the state of the country for 1935 discusses the continuing problem of lynching, including the apparent tolerance of the white population for the practice, and notes recent Supreme Court decisions affecting the rights of African Americans. Conference minutes for each meeting close with detailed A.M.E. Church financial accounts, including the Dollar Money Report and reports of the treasurer, the Finance Committee, and others.
This collection consists of photographic images depicting African American members of the South Carolina African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church and surrounding communities including Yorkville, Chester, and Spartanburg, S.C., during the 1880s-1890s. These formats include tintypes, carte de vistas, an ambrotype, and a lithograph. Among the people identified in the images are Reverend E. Hinton, Reverend H. Blake, Reverend R. C. Collins, and J. E. Young. Also included is the original photograph album, from which the images have been removed.
The AfterWWards Club, founded in 1985, was a social club based in Chapel Hill, N.C., for people who were excluded from the Welcome Wagon Club when that club began limiting its membership to three years. The AfterWWards Club allowed former Welcome Wagon Club members to continue in Welcome Wagon-like activities. It hosted several social events throughout the year, including a Fall Coffee, a Pig Pickin', and a Spring Fling. The Club also organized book clubs, bridge clubs, and a gourmet club. Club membership ranged between 71 and 315 until it disbanded in 2009.
Samuel A. Agnew grew up and attended college and seminary in Due West, S.C. In 1852, he moved to Mississippi, and thereafter lived in the northeastern part of the state, chiefly in Tippah and Lee counties, where he was an Associate Reformed Presbyterian minister, teacher, farmer, and prominent local citizen. The collection contains a detailed diary of Agnew's thoughts, experiences, and activities; neighborhood news; public events, particularly as they affected the locality; relations with slaves and free blacks; the Civil War, during which he was in the area of operations of both armies; Reconstruction, which was tumultuous in his vicinity; the Ku Klux Klan; local and regional church affairs; farming and leadership in the local Grange; major natural events; frequent travels to Memphis and to other parts of Mississippi; and many other aspects of personal and public life that came within his view. There are occasional gaps in the diary before 1873 and after 1883.
David Wyatt Aiken (1828-1889), was a Confederate colonel, a South Carolina and United States representative, and an agricultural reformer.
Susan Grey Akers was dean of the School of Library Science at the University of North Carolina from 1932 until 1954. In 1950-1951, Akers served as a library science consultant in Tokyo, Japan. In 1954-1955, she was visiting lecturer in library science at the University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.
The contract (6 p.) and specifications (13 p.) for the construction of the Confederate commerce-raiding vessel, C.S.S. Alabama, agreed upon between John Laird Sons and Co., shipbuilders of Birkenhead, England, and Confederate naval agent, James Dunwody Bulloch (1823-1901).
Mimeographed booklet of Vol. 1, No. 6, of the monthly bulletin of the Alabama Department of Archives & History in Montgomery, Ala. This issue of the bulletin, dated June 1925, chiefly pertains to the deserted town of Cahaba, the onetime capital of Alabama.
The Alamance Cotton Mill was established by Edwin Michael Holt and his brother-in-law, William A. Carrigan, in 1837, signalling the start of industrial development in Alamance County, N.C. The Alamance factory was located on Great Alamance Creek, site of Holt's father's grist mill. The plant was under Holt management for 89 years, during which time the Holt family controlled most of the county's cotton manufacture. The Alamance Cotton Mill operated under various names, including Holt and Carrigan, E.M. Holt and Company, E.M. Holt's Sons, and the L. Banks Holt Manufacturing Company. Business records and scattered business correspondence of the Alamance Cotton Mill include production, shipping, and time records; store accounts; letter books; and other materials relating to manufacture and sales. Papers are chiefly dated 1838-1884, with a gap from 1853 to 1868.
MICROFILM ONLY. History and recollections of lead and zinc mines and mining in Southwest Virginia, particularly in Wythe County, from 1750 to 1930. Included are extracts from The Story of Austinville, Va., compiled in 1930 by W. D. Borcherdt.
Confederate ordnance officer and newspaper publisher in Greensboro and Asheville, N.C.
James L. Alcorn was a planter, brigadier general of Mississippi state forces during the Civil War, Republican governor, and U.S. senator.
Correspondence of members of a Fayetteville, N.C., family, including letters, 1874-1878, from William T. Purviance, a relative with a cotton brokerage firm in Galveston, Tex., and New York City, concerning personal and family matters; letters, 1877-1878, from William Colin Alderman, a student at the University of North Carolina about student life and campus and town events in Chapel Hill, N.C.; and miscellaneous other letters.
President of University of North Carolina, 1896-1900; president of Tulane University, 1900-1904; and president of University of Virginia, 1904-1931.
John Thomas Alderman (1853-1932) was an educator, North Carolina state senator, Baptist historian, and Mason. Correspondence of John Alderman relating to his position as Masonic leader and articles and lectures written by Alderman on various topics. Correspondence between Alderman and various Masons includes information about members, dues, conferences, initiations, conferring of degrees, officer elections, resignations, expulsion of members for various reasons, and the distribution of philanthropic funds. Included are several undated articles and lectures Alderman wrote on topics such as the history of the Masons, the history of the Netherlands, American national songs, famous jewels, the business of education, the role of the family, and the Civil War.
Penelope Alderman was the wife of the Rev. Amariah Biggs Alderman (1819-1889), a Baptist minister who organized and pastored churches in Sampson County, N.C.
Thomas M. Aldrich served in the 1st Rhode Island Light Artillery, United States Army, during the Civil War. The collection includes recollections, 25 pages, typescript, by Aldrich of his Civil War service, with a focus on the career of General Daniel Edgar Sickles, and two manuscript diagrams of the battle of Gettysburg, Pa., perhaps drawn by Aldrich in 1911.
Members of the white Alexander and Hillhouse families of Sunbury, Ga., Washington, Ga., and Savannah, Ga., owned plantations, relied on enslaved labor, and had business interests in Georgia, South Carolina, Tennesse, and New England, including Fairfield Plantation and Hopewell Plantation. The collection includes some materials documenting enslaved labor, free Black men, 20th century Black employees, and abolitionist movements, including a letter written by May Brown, an enslaved woman. The majority of the collection contains extensive family and personal correspondence, business correspondence, plantation accounts, physician's accounts, estate papers, travel journals, and genealogical materials, primarily documenting white family, political, and religious life in Washington and Savannah, Ga., and in Connecticut and New York.
The Alexander family of Mecklenburg County, N.C. included six signers of the Mecklenburg Declaration of Independence.
A. F. Alexander was a student at what is now Princeton University.
Eben Alexander (1851-1910) was a professor of Greek at the University of North Carolina, 1886-1910, and the United States minister to Greece, Romania, and Serbia, 1893-1897.
Edward Porter Alexander was an engineer, United States and Confederate army officer, university professor, businessman, and planter.
Chiefly letters, 1856-1870, to Emma Pauline Nicholson Alexander of Enfield, N.C., wife of Sydenham Benoni Alexander (1840-1921), from friends and relatives, particularly cousins, in various locations in North Carolina, including Tarboro, Hillsboro, Warrenton, and New Bern, and in Richmond, Va., Galveston, Tex., and Demopolis, Ala. Many of these letters are from friends who attended school with Emma either at the Salem Female Academy or at boarding school in Hillsboro, N.C. Writers of these letters tend to reminisce about school events, discuss classmates, or give news of their activities since leaving school. There are also many letters from Emma's cousins and other relatives. These letters chiefly discuss routine family affairs. There are a few letters that relate to the Civil War, including two 1864 letters from Emma's brother Edward A. T. Nicholson, who served as aide to Brigadier General Robert D. Johnston and was killed in the charge on Fort Stedman in 1864, about the conduct of the war and about an expedition into the Valley of Virginia; a letter, 8 November 1864, from Eugene B. Wiggins at Camp Manly to his cousin Emma; a 4 March 1865 letter from former classmate Mary H. Whitaker in Tarboro about rumors of Northern troops in the vicinity; and a 7 July 1865 letter to Emma about the death of her brothers. Also included are Emma's scrapbook containing poems, some of them clipped from newspapers and others handwritten, 1850s-1874, about fallen heros of the Civil War and the virtues of women, a few printed tracts, and other items.
Henry Quincy Alexander (1863-1929) was a physician working in the rural areas of Providence, N.C., and Matthews, N.C., in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Alexander was a member of the North Carolina state legislature for several terms, and one of the founders of the Mecklenburg Medical Society, where he served as the society's first president.
Isaac Alexander (born circa 1844) was a private in the 10th South Carolina Volunteers, Confederate Army, 1862-1865. The collection includes typed transcriptions of letters, 1862-1865, from Alexander to his mother, describing life in Confederate army camps and on the front, and commenting on commanding generals and on the situation in the South, as he moved from Mississippi to Kentucky to Tennessee. Also included is a bound volume, Letters of Isaac Alexander, 10th S.C. Volunteers, C.S.A./John Alexander, 1942, containing carbon copies of typed transcriptions of letters, many of which appear to duplicate those already on deposit. The volume includes an introduction, written by John Alexander, that contains background information about Isaac Alexander and his family.
The collection contains a typed copy of an original letter from P. G. T. Beauregard at Fairfax Court House, Va., to Judah P. Benjamin, Acting Secretary of War, Confederate States of America, concerning field defenses and the rank of Brigadier General M. L. Bonham.
The collection contains papers, chiefly 1775-1853, accumulated by Joseph McKnitt Alexander and others relating to the Mecklenburg Declaration and Resolves of May 1775, and the controversy over them, including later testimony of witnesses and copies of documents, papers of North Carolina officials concerning the publication of a pamphlet on the subject in 1831, and later letters related to aspects of the controversy.
Samuel Alfred Alexander was a schoolmaster and farmer in Alamance County, N.C.
William B. Alexander, a carpenter born in Plymouth, Mass., served as a second lieutenant in the 3rd Massachusetts Infantry Regiment, April-June 1861, and as a captain in the 23rd Massachusetts Infantry Regiment, December 1861-December 1862.
William D. Alexander (b. 1841), of Mecklenburg County, N.C., was a Confederate hospital steward who served with the 37th North Carolina Regiment.
William Sample Alexander was the son of Hezekiah Alexander (1728-1801), a prominent early settler of Mecklenburg County, N.C.
Algonquin books of Chapel Hill, Inc., is a publishing house incorporated in 1982 by University of North Carolina English professor Louis Rubin Jr., and Shannon Ravenel, a Saint Louis fiction editor who had been one of Rubin's creative writing students. The records of Algonquin Books of Chapel Hill, Inc., include correspondence and other papers of the company's founder Louis D. Rubin Jr., who served as president and editor-in-chief, and of Shannon Ravenel, vice-president and senior editor. There are also author files, editorial materials, production materials, illustrative materials, galleys and advance uncorrected proofs, advertising and sales materials, book reviews and review requests, subsidiary rights materials, financial records, inventory records, and legal files. The Addition of April 2013 is Workman Publishing Company's Algonquin Books website and the Algonquin Books blog. Note that not all authors published by Algonquin are currently represented in the collection as files are transferred only when Algonquin staff members determine that they are no longer active.
Joseph Dill Alison (fl. 1861-1863) of Dallas County, Ala., was a surgeon in the Confederate Army. The collection includes a typed transcript of Alison's diary while stationed with the Confederate Army at Pensacola, Fla., in the summer and early winter of 1861 and in Mississippi thereafter, describing daily activities, medical facilities, and the medical situation at Vicksburg. There are gaps in the spring of 1862 and between 30 June and 26 December 1862. The diary ends with the fall of Vicksburg, 4 July 1863.
The collection is a portion of the vestry journal of All Saints Church, an Episcopal church in Waccamaw, S.C., chiefly concerned with building and business matters.
William Allan (1837-1889) was a Confederate military officer and an educator. The collection contains letters, deeds, estate papers, business papers, diaries, reminiscences, and other material documenting the life of Allan and of members of his family. Allan's volumes include reminiscences, written in the 1880s, of his early life and of the Civil War, during which he served as a colonel and chief ordnance officer for generals Jackson, Ewell, and Early in the Army of Northern Virginia; notes on the 2nd Battle of Bull Run; notes on his conversations with General Robert E. Lee, 1867-1870 (typed transcriptions); and Allan's diaries, 1872-1873, while a professor at Washington College, Va., and 1882-1888, while principal of the McDonogh School, Baltimore, Md. Other volumes include the reminiscences of his wife, Elizabeth Randolph (Preston) Allan (1848-1933), published in Richmond, Va., in 1938; and the reminiscences (microfilm of typed transcriptions) of his father, Thomas Allan (1802-1873), who emigrated from Scotland in the 1830s and became a nurseryman and dairy farmer at Winchester, Va. Also included are copies of items relating to Preston family and Allan family history.
H. A. (Harry Ardell) Allard (1880-1963) was a native of Massachusetts, graduate of the University of North Carolina, 1905, naturalist, specialist in the United States Department of Agriculture, 1906-1946, and author of several hundred articles on biological subjects.
John Volney Allcott (1905- ) was professor of art at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and an architectural historian. These papers consist of correspondence, photographs, photocopies of manuscripts, and other material relating to the architectural history of North Carolina, particularly of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Much of this material was collected for use in two books by Allcott, Colonial Homes in North Carolina and The Campus at Chapel Hill: Two Hundred Years of Architecture.
Images depicting African American members of the Allen, Booth, and Snipes families of Chapel Hill, N.C. All three families have ties to the University of North Carolina. Included are images of Benjamin Booth and Easter Snipes, both of whom worked for the University during the later third of the nineteenth century. Some of the individuals depicted were likely enslaved by the University of North Carolina during their lives.
A. T. (Arch Turner) Allen was state superintendent of public instruction for North Carolina, 1923-1934.
Cornelius Tacitus Allen (1841-1915) had an interest in the history of Lunenburg County, Va. The collection contains chiefly research notes and biographical sketches related to Lunenburg County, Va., presumably by Cornelius Tacitus Allen. Also included are originals of minutes, 1840, of the Lunenburg Young Men's Literary Society, and a 20-page handwritten autobiography (written after 1843) by a Lunenburg man born in 1798.
Edward W. Allen of Eau Claire, Wis., was a sergeant and then second lieutenant in Company H of the 16th Regiment, Wisconsin Infantry Volunteers, during the Civil War. He was the son of James and Emily Allen. He had several siblings, including James F. (Fred) Allen who served in Company K, 36th Regiment of Wisconsin Volunteers. Correspondence, diary entries, and other papers of Edward W. Allen during the Civil War. Most of the letters are from Allen to his parents in 1864 and 1865. Also included are letters he wrote to friends and letters his parents wrote to him, as well as some pages of diary entries, which Allen apparently sent to his parents. Letters discuss camp life, supplies, health, troop movements, and battles. Some letters also discuss the army service, disappearance, imprisonment, probable death, and return home of Edward Allen's brother, Fred Allen, who served in the 36th Regiment of Wisconsin Volunteers. Edward W. Allen was at Camp Randall in Wisconsin, February 1863-February 1864; at Vicksburg, Miss., March 1864; at Pulaski, Tenn., May 1864; near Atlanta, Ga., June-September, 1864; in Savannah, Ga., December 1864; Columbia, S.C., February 1865; in Goldsboro, N.C., March-April 1865; in Virginia, May 1865; in Louisville, Ky., June-July 1865; and back in Wisconsin, July-August 1865.
Planter of Pelika and Lafayette, Ala.. Also represented are his brother, Alexander A. Allen (fl. 1832-1870), planter and lawyer of Bainbridge and Lexington, Ga.; Alexander's son, Alexander A. Allen (d. 1918), reporter and editor of Macon and Atlanta, Ga.; Willia M. (b. 1853) and Ruth Linton Allen (fl. 1891-1914), Alabama educators and travelers; and other Allen family members and their Wheat and Linton relations.
James Allen was a planter of Warren County, Miss. Charles B. Allen was his son.
Letters to John Mebane Allen of Arkansas from friends and relatives in Alamance County, N.C., and extracts from a journal kept by Allen during his move from North Carolina to Arkansas in 1852, and compiled and indexed by Elizabeth White Furman, circa 1974. Letters, 1853-1859, from North Carolina discuss personal, local and agricultural news and occasionally comment on politics, the economy, railroad building, operating a tannery, mining, and the hiring and sale of slaves. A version with virtually identical contents was privately published in 1974.
Educator, attorney, and Confederate officer Joseph Nathaniel Allen (also known as Nat Allen) was born in Warren County, N.C., in 1834 and died in 1917.
Colonel Julian Allen came from Russian Poland to New Orleans, La. in 1849, lived in New York from 1850, aided the United States government in connection with Sherman's occupation of Savannah, Ga., and settled after the war near Statesville in Iredell County, N.C., where he was prominent in farming.
Thomas Turner Allen (1841–1862) was born in Windsor, N.C. He attended the University of North Carolina, and was class valedictorian in 1861. He joined the Confederate Army the April before graduation, and served as a private in the Warren Guards, Company “F,” Twelfth North Carolina Regiment. Allen was killed on 1 July 1862 at the Battle of Malvern Hill. Janie Outlaw Allen Candler (1862-1884), was the daughter of Thomas Turner Allen and Janie Outlaw Allen (1843-1862). After the death of her parents, she was raised by her maternal aunt Victoria Outlaw Pugh (1838-1896). She was graduated from St. Mary’s School in Raleigh, N.C. She married Robert L. Candler in 1883, and died in May 1884.
W. G. Allen (1824-1867), an army chaplain with the 5th Georgia Infantry Regiment, wrote letters to his wife, Georgia Anne Swilling, from Chattanooga, Tenn., and Missionary Ridge, Tenn., from July to October 1863. Also included is one letter, 1866, written from Americus, Ga.
William C. Allen (fl. 1850-1859) was a merchant of Autauga County, Ala. The collection includes deeds, bills and accounts, promissory notes, receipts, and a few letters of Allen, chiefly related to estate settlements, including that of Dr. Hugh C. Hillhouse, Prattville, Ala., in the 1850s.
Captain William Allen served in the 39th North Carolina Infantry Regiment of the Confederate Army.
Chiefly deeds, estate records, and other financial and legal items, including slave bills of sale, relating to Young Allen of Wake County, N.C., and to members of his family. Also included are some correspondence of the Allen family with relatives and others, some of which relates to settling the frontier in Tennessee, Alabama, and Mississippi in the 1820s and 1830s, and a bawdy poem about a parson and a black woman.
Emma H. Allensworth was, in 1893, a young woman from Nashville, Tenn.
Charles M. Alley was a private in the 44th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment of the United States Army during the Civil War. After the war, he participated in a number of business ventures in Boston, Mass., and Hartford, Conn. He married around 1870 and had six children.
Chiefly genealogical materials relating to the Alexander, Allison, Barry, Cunningham, Graham, Johnston, Lockhart, Sample, Williams, and Young families of Cabarrus, Lincoln, Mecklenburg, and adjoining counties in North Carolina. Included is a family record book compiled by Reverend Thomas Johnston Allison of Mecklenburg County.
John Mack Allison Jr. of Brevard, N.C, served in the United States Army Air Corps during World War II. Allison flew many combat missions with the 321st Bomb Group in West Africa in 1943. He was discharged in 1946 and served in the Air Force Reserve, 1952-1955. Allison died in 1990.
Robert F. W. Allston was a rice planter and civil engineer; surveyor general of South Carolina, 1823; member of the General Assembly, 1828-1832; state senator, 1832-1856; and governor, 1856-1858.
S. S. Alsop was an attorney of Enfield, N.C., and a local historian. The collection includes notes and papers collected by Alsop for his history of Halifax County, N.C., and 160 pages of the original manuscript. Also included are items of information on prominent people of Halifax County and some correspondence, 1901-1907, about Alsop's writings.
Materials include land records, receipts, correspondence, and other papers pertaining to the Alston family of Chatham County, N.C. Most of the land records and all of the receipts are photocopies of original materials. The land records cover the period 1770-1831 and document transactions involving Joseph John Alston, William Alston, Gideon Alston, and others. Receipts primarily document the sale of clothing by Junius A. Alston, 1857-1897. Correspondence, 1851-1877, written by women and exchanged with relatives, contains news of family, literary pursuits, and bereavement. Other papers include a freedmen₂s contract and a proposal to open a school.
Archibald Davis Alston, lawyer and planter of Halifax County, N.C.
African-American artist Charles Henry Alston, nicknamed Spinky, was born 28 November 1907 in Charlotte, N.C. He was the youngest of five children born to the Reverend Primus Priss Alston, who was born into slavery in Chatham County, N.C., and Anna Miller Alston. After Primus's death, Anna married Harry Pierce Bearden, artist Romare Bearden's uncle, and moved the family to New York in 1913. Charles Alston worked as a painter, sculptor, graphic artist, illustrator, and educator, gaining national and international recognition. His works are found among the holdings of individuals and permanent museum and gallery collections around the world. Alston married Myra Logan, a noted surgeon at Harlem Hospital.
Joseph J. Alston lived in Selma, Ala.
The collection contains a printed copy of the last will and testament of Joseph John Alston, Halifax County, N.C., 5 January 1780.
Trudy Alston lived near Raymond, Miss., during the Civil War. She kept an occasional diary of events that occurred, 1861-1864, during which time her brother Robert (Bob) and friend Edgar fought in the Confederate Army. The diary of Trudy Alston, 1861-1864, reports on daily activities of the Alston family and their friends, as well as events such as the death of various acquaintances during the course of the Civil War. The diary contains several pages of description of the Battle of Raymond (1863), which occurred close to Alston's home, as well as notes from friends departing for service in the Confederate Army. The diary concludes with a entry detailing Alston's brother Robert's capture by Union troops, probably at the Battle of Nashville, and his subsequent incarceration at Camp Chase, Ohio.
Microfilm of a stud book of William Alston of Waccamaw, Georgetown County, S.C.
Willis Alston (1769-1837) was a United States representative from North Carolina, 1799-1815 and 1825-1831.
MICROFILM ONLY. Genealogy and copies of wills and other family documents, compiled by Henry P. Alves of Guntersville, Ala., 1940-1949, about the Alves, Hogg, Norwood, Gayle, Hodge, Rudy, Jordan, Rivers, Fennell, Allison, and related families. Also included is a typed transcription of a short diary of James William Fennell, surgeon, 9th Alabama Infantry Regiment, concerning military movements and camp life.
Walter Alves of Orange County, N.C., was the son of James Hogg (1730-1804) and Ann McDowal (Alves) Hogg (1732-1801) of Scotland. The family emigrated to America in 1774, settling in North Carolina. His father legally changed his sons' last names from Hogg to Alves in honor of their mother. Walter Alves married Mary Amelia Johnston, daughter of William Johnston (d. 1785) and had with her nine children. Alves, a staunch Federalist, served in the North Carolina General Assembly, 1793- 1795; was a trustee of the University of North Carolina, 1795-1813; and speculated heavily in North Carolina and Tennessee lands.
William R. Amberson was a professor at the University of Tennessee Medical School at Memphis, 1930-1937, advisor to the Southern Tenant Farmers' Union, and trustee of the Delta and Providence cooperative farms in Mississippi.
The American Association (later Alliance) for Health, Physical Education and Recreation, a division of the National Education Association, was formed in 1927 to awaken a wide and intelligent interest in physical and health education; to acquire and disseminate knowledge concerning it; and to promote such universal physical and health education as will provide well-trained teachers and secure adequate programs throughout the South. The Southern District includes Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, and Virginia.
Intermittent records of the Chapel Hill branch (later the Orange, Durham, Chatham Counties branch) of the American Association of University Women, including correspondence, membership information, annual reports of activities filed with the national office in Washington, D.C., programs submitted at conventions of the North Carolina state division, board meeting minutes, yearbooks, newsletters, and other miscellaneous materials. Volumes are chiefly minutes and scrapbooks, 1923-1972. There are no papers for the years 1923-1927, 1932-1933, 1936- 1937, 1939-1940, or 1941-1942.
The American Cancer Society is a non-profit organization involved in cancer research, education, advocacy, and service. William Clyde BillFriday acted as president of the North Carolina Division of the organization in the mid-1950s.
Sixteen-page document, which appears to be presented as a speech, explaining and justifying the purpose of the American Colonization Society. The speaker cites the 1821 acquisition of Cape Montserrado on west coast of Africa, population data from the 1830 census (warning about the dangers of a growing Black population in the United States), and the Southampton Insurrection led by Nat Turner in 1831 (claiming to be about 1-2 years since "we heard of whole states agitated & alarmed"), as well as providing a lengthy justification of colonization with the mission of Christianity. The speech concludes by noting the need for funding. The American Colonization Society (originally known as the Society for the Colonization of Free People of Color of America) was formed in 1816 to send free African Americans to Africa as an alternative to remaining in the United States.
In 1984, the Southern Furniture Manufacturers Association (SFMA) and the National Association of Furniture Manufacturers (NFMA) merged to form the American Furniture Manufacturers Association (AFMA). Headquartered in High Point, N.C., AFMA provides educational services to its member companies, a comprehensive public relations program to represent the industry to consumers, government relations to relay member interests to national agencies and officials, and statistical information about home furnishings manufacturing. Records of AFMA and its predecessors, SFMA and NAFM, include correspondence, meeting materials, reports, financial records, surveys, and publications. The collection documents AFMA's organizational structure, member services, and program. Among the topics covered are membership education, management training, government relations, furniture flammability, pollution, safety, consumer affairs, statistical information, and public relations.
The collection contains bulletins and correspondence about American Legion Auxiliary activities in North Carolina, 1936, and membership and officer lists, 1934-1937.
The Southern Division was one of several regional organizations formed from the American Nurses Association. The regional divisions were established to promote the interests of the nurses in the terrritory comprising the division; for the interchange of ideas, and to bring the nurses of the division into closer fellowship (1929). The Southern Division members wre Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia.
Clippings and manuscript notes of an undesignated Tennessean about national politics, chiefly about the American party, to which he was opposed.
Jessie Daniel Ames was a white civil rights worker of Atlanta, Ga., Georgetown, Tex., and Tryon, N.C. Beginning in 1922, Ames served separate roles as secretary and vice-president of the Texas Committee on Interracial Cooperation. By 1929, she had moved to Atlanta, where she was director of Women's Work for the Commission on Interracial Cooperation. During this time, Ames established the Association of Southern Women for the Prevention of Lynching, which functioned as a volunteer component within the Commission.
Scattered family papers of Rufus Amis of Granville County, N.C., including letters, 1848-1850, to his first wife, Elizabeth (Betty) Ann Ragland (1836-1900), from her brother, Robert L. Ragland in Colbert and Barton, Miss.; letters concerning Amis's illness and resignation from the Confederate Army; certificates; receipts; muster rolls, 1861, of Company I, 13th North Carolina Volunteers; and pages from the Amis and Chandler family Bibles and Amis family histories. Correspondence includes microfilm copies of two additional letters, one from Rufus to Bettie, 1857, telling her about prospects for settling in Arkansas and its advantages over North Carolina, and one, 1853, from John Barr Andrews, a student at the University of North Carolina.
North Carolina poet A. R. Ammons (1926- ), who, since 1961, has been on the English faculty of Cornell University. The collection contains letters from Ammons to his sister, Vida Ammons Cox; letters from Ammons to poet William Harmon of the English Department at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill; writings by Ammons, including poems and a World War II journal; photographs; and other items relating to Ammons. The Cox letters chiefly relate to family affairs and to Ammons's life while a student at the University of California at Berkeley and teacher in the Hatteras (N.C.) public school system; the Harmon letters chiefly deal with literary matters and with Ammons's college teaching career. There are also other Ammons materials.
Lysander H. Amsden (fl. 1836-1837) studied engineering and worked on a railroad survey in Virginia under Moncure Robinson (1802-1891). The collection includes letters from Amsden, written while he was on a railroad survey at various places in Virginia, to S. M. Robbe, a friend who was a student at Norwich, Vt. The letters discuss Amsden's surveying work, his impressions of Halifax County, Va., and people in the Shenandoah Valley, and other matters.
The Anderson Family Papers document the family of Charles William Anderson and Lois J. Anderson and their pastoral work at the United Institutional Baptist Church in Greensboro, N.C. Included are photographs of the African American family and church, biographical materials, awards and certificates, bible school yearbooks and writings, church financial records and printed materials, and audio reflections on life and ministry by Lois J. Anderson.
The Wilder and Anderson families were united when Page Wilder, daughter of Georgia King and Joseph J. Wilder, of Savannah, Ga., married J. Randolph Anderson (1861-1950), son of Edward C. Anderson, Jr. (1859-1876), also of Savannah, in 1895. The Andersons had three children: Page (Pagie) Anderson (b. 1899); J. R. Anderson (1902-1903); and Joseph (Joe) Wilder Anderson (b. 1904). Page Wilder Anderson married Henry N. Platt of Chestnut Hill, Philadelphia, Pa., in 1921.
Anderson Brothers was a general merchandise firm in Rowan County or Davie County, N.C.
MICROFILM ONLY. Confederate officer and congressman, and lawyer of Macon, Ga. Chiefly correspondence between Clifford Anderson and his wife Annie during the Civil War. Letters discuss Anderson's military career in Walker's Division, camp life, movements, fighting, and family matters. Other letters are from a soldier in the Macon Light Artillery. Also included are some personal and family letters from before and after the war.
Edward Clifford Anderson (1815-1883) of Savannah, Ga., was a United States Navy officer, planter, Confederate Army officer, mayor of Savannah, insurance company representative, and railroad director. He was married to Sarah McQueen Williamson (1816-1884).
Edwin Alexander Anderson (1860-1933) of Wilmington, N.C., was an officer in the United States Navy.
Elizabeth Willis Gloster Anderson was an Episcopalian of Warrenton, N.C., LaGrange, Tenn., and Texas.
The Janet Anderson and Eugene Anderson Collection documents African American life and culture in rural Fayette County, Tennessee, especially the intersection of African American health crises and civil rights concerns. The collection consists of an interview with Janet and Eugene Anderson in May 2019 in Rossville, Tennessee, and copies of newspaper clippings, photographs, and flyers that supplement their stories about African American health activism in Fayette County. Topics include Tent City (1959-1960); the Appalachian Student Health Coalition in Rossville, Tennessee; the Poor People's Health Council of Rossville, Tennessee in the late 1970s; the Fayette County, Tennessee Civic and Welfare League in the early 1990s; and Janet Anderson's campaign for Fayette County Court Clerk in 1978.
George Burgwyn Anderson was a general in the army of the Confederate States of America.
George Wayne Anderson (d. 1872) of Savannah, Ga., was president of Planters Bank of Savannah for 40 years, railroad director, property owner, and executor or administrator of various estates. He was active in the business life of Savannah from the mid 1820s to the early 1870s. His son, Edward Clifford Anderson Jr. (1839-1876), also was a banker as well as a planter; factor and commission merchant; major with the 7th Georgia Cavalry Regiment, Confederate States of America; and later a colonel and militia officer.
Herschel V. Anderson, a native of North Carolina and later South Dakota state librarian and director of the Mesa Public Library in Arizona, served as a cryptographer and then cryptographic security clerk, 93rd Signal Battalion, 7th United States Army, outside Stuttgart, Germany, January 1956-July 1957. The collection contains letters, postcards, and scrapbooks of Vince Anderson during his cryptography service with the United States Army in Germany, 1956-1957. Letters to his parents in Raleigh, N.C., describe daily life in the Army, his fellow soldiers, and his explorations of Germany and beyond. They tell of his travels in the Black Forest; to Heidelburg and other parts of Germany; to and around Lake Constance; into Switzerland and Liechtenstein; to Copenhagen, Denmark; to Sweden; to Brussels, Belgium; and to London, Cambridge, Ely, and York, England. The scrapbooks contain picture postcards and written descriptions of places that Anderson visited in Europe. The addition of September 2000 contains typed transcriptions of memoirs by Mary Octavia Kemper Anderson (1871-1960) and her son, Paul Kemper Anderson (1898-1987).
James Patton Anderson (1822-1873), native of Tennessee, was a politician in Mississippi and Florida, Mexican War officer, federal officer in the Washington Territory, and Confederate congressman and general. The collection is a typed copy of an autobiographical sketch by Anderson describing his service in political and military posts for both the United States and the Confederacy, with notes added by his wife and daughter for the period 1864-1872.
The collection of food and travel writer, cookbook author, and magazine editor Jean Anderson (1929-2023) contains diaries, scrapbooks, collected recipes in volumes and loose papers, subject files, research files, writings, and correspondence with chefs, food writers, editors, and others. Collection materials span her career from the 1940s until 2023. Subject files pertain to different foods, many associated with cuisines and foodways in the American South. Topics include "Muffins," "Gingerbread," "Corn pudding," and "Green Goddess" (salad dressing). Research files pertain to foodways and other topics including North Carolina pottery and travel in Portugal. A small sample of Anderson's extensive library of foodways publications she collected over her lifetime forms a published portion of this collection and includes community cookbooks and chefs' self-published cookbooks, chiefly from North Carolina and the South. Acquired as part of the Southern Historical Collection.
The collection contains four volumes of testimony in the case of the State vs. John L. Anderson, J. P. Hoggard, Tom Canipe, J. F. Haraway, Florence Blaylock, Howard Overman, Avery Kimery, and Jerry Furlough, concerning the dynamiting of the E. M. Holt Plaid Mill at Burlington, N.C., in September 1934, during the general textile strike called by the United Textile Workers of America.
The collection is a compilation of genealogical notes, 1966-1967, compiled by Marie Epps Anderson, on the descendants of John Caldwell of Cub Creek, Va., scattered over many states and three centuries, with index.
Robert Burton Anderson was a Presbyterian minister of Morganton, N.C.
A record of the distribution of slaves from the estate of H. Hunter, 1865, no place indicated; a license to practice medicine in South Carolina, 1819; and microfilm of a recipe book, 1804, belonging to Daniel Hughes and Elizabeth Potts of Maryland, containing recipes for foods, home remedies, and other items.
Andrew Methodist Chapel operated in Sampson County, N.C.
Alexander Boyd Andrews of North Carolina (1841-1915) was a Confederate Army officer, planter, and railroad executive.
Alexdander Boyd Andrews (1873-1946) of Raleigh, N.C., was a lawyer; active in the North Carolina and American Bar associations; chancellor of the Episcopal Diocese of North Carolina; Grand Master of Masons of North Carolina; amateur statistician; active member of the Roanoke Colony Memorial Association; and trustee of the University of North Carolina, East Carolina Teachers College, and Oxford Orphanage. The collection includes correspondence, autograph letters, and other papers of Alexander Boyd Andrews. The correspondence, chiefly 1911-1946, is with lawyers, judges, government officials in the United States and abroad, members of the Episcopal Church, newspaper editors, school administrators, and legislators. Subjects include Andrews's writings; his concern with gathering and disseminating information and statistics on legal education; his work on the American Bar Association committee on judicial salaries; adult illiteracy; the training of college teachers, including African Americans, in North Carolina; the Episcopal Church and the Diocese of North Carolina; the restoration of Fort Raleigh and a proposed monument to the Roanoake Colony; and other subjects of public concern and North Carolina historical interest. Included are four letters from William Howard Taft, 1921, 1923, and 1928. Also included are a scrapbook of clippings, composition notebooks with notes and references to Masonic history in North Carolina, and autograph letters collected by Andrews. The Addition of 1992 includes yearly files of correspondence, financial records, and other papers chiefly related to the Episcopal Church and North Carolina history.
The collection contains a letter, 16 March 1856, to Andrews of Rutherford County, N.C., from his brother, J. M. Andrews in Montezuma, Calif., describing his activities buying and selling gold dust, and his wish to come home; and an undated letter from a New York patent medicine dealer asking B. W. Andrews to be his agent for the area.
Charles Haynes Andrews (1835-1905) of Madison and Milledgeville, Ga., was a lawyer, businessman, Confederate Army captain, and author of a history of the 3rd Georgia Infantry Regiment (3rd Regiment of Georgia Volunteers), which served in Maryland, Virginia, and other locations. The collection consists of personal correspondence, writings, scrapbooks, and genealogical materials of Charles H. Andrews and other Andrews and Harris family members. There are only scattered items for the period 1795-1855, consisting of legal and personal papers of the Haynes and Andrews families and of unrelated persons. The bulk of the papers, 1858-1904, consists of personal papers of Andrews and his wife, Florence Emma Harris Andrews, including correspondence between them and with family and friends. Civil War materials include Andrews's letters describing military action and camp life, a report concerning activities of Wright's Brigade in the battle of Sharpsburg, and records of the 3rd Georgia Infantry Regiment. Other letters document land owned in Florida, positions as deputy clerk of Superior Court and judge of Morgan County, Ga., wartime and postwar hardships, and race relations. Beginning in 1890, a large amount of the correspondence concerns Confederate veterans' activities in Georgia and Andrews's writing of the history of the 3rd Georgia Infantry Regiment. There are only a few items for the period after 1904; they are chiefly letters to members of the Andrews family asking for information on the Harris family, about which Charles Haynes Andrews Jr. did research. Undated material includes a number of items on the history of the 3rd Georgia Infantry Regiment and Iverson Louis Harris's writings concerning his legal and political career in Georgia. A number of the volumes relate to Andrews's Confederate service, including diaries, Home Guard records, and the 3rd Georgia Infantry Regiment history. Also included are several scrapbooks of material on Milledgeville, Ga., and on the Andrews, Harris, and Hall families; a volume of original writings by Charles Eaton Haynes; Rebecca Ann Harris's commonplace book; a volume of data on the Harris and related families prepared by Iverson Louis Harris; a notebook containing an alphabetical list of persons buried in the Milledgeville cemetery; and printed materials, chiefly political, historical, literary, and scientific addresses, reports, and other writings.
Garnett Andrews (1837-1903) of Washington, Ga., Yazoo, Miss., and Chattanooga, Tenn. was a Confederate army officer, and served as Judge-Advocate at the Confederate court-martial trial of Lafayette McLaws (1821-1897) and Jerome Bonaparte Robertson (1815-1890). Varied papers of Andrews consisting of letters to him from Rosalie Beirne of Monroe County, W. Va., before and after their marriage in 1867; estate papers of Rosalie's father, Andrew Beirne of Monroe County; papers pertaining to the courts martial of Confederate generals Lafayette McLaws and Jerome Bonapart Robertson for actions during the Knoxville campaign (Andrews was a Confederate judge advocate); genealogical charts, correspondence, and other items relating primarily to the Andrews family, but also including material on the Beirne, Garnett, and Key families; and letters from, scrapbook of, and collection of autograph letters from famous persons to Andrews's sister, Eliza Frances Andrews of Georgia, author and illustrator under the name Elzey Hay. Persons represented in the autograph collection include Braxton Bragg, Henry Clay, Nathan Bedford Forrest, Asa Gray, Robert E. Lee, James Longstreet, Raphael Semmes, Alexander H. Stephens, and Robert Toombs.
George Reid Andrews (1886-1941) of Montgomery County, N.C., was a Methodist and Congregational minister and member of the Committee on Education and Religious Drama of the Federal Council of Churches, the Church and Drama Association, and the Church and Drama League of America.
Materials documenting the congressional career of Ike Franklin Andrews, a Democrat who represented North Carolina's Fourth Congressional District from 1972 to 1984. For all or part of this period, the Fourth District included Chatham, Franklin, Randolph, and Wake counties. These papers consist largely of constituent correspondence, office files, and campaign materials. Topics documented include relations between constituents and federal agencies, federal projects in Andrews's district, and public policy areas in which Andrews took a special interest, especially agriculture, education, health, veterans' affairs, and the aged. Files of constituent correspondence on such issues as abortion, the Watergate scandal, busing for school integration, and women's rights also are included.
Mildred Gwin Andrews was executive secretary of the Southern Combed Yarn Spinners Association (SCYSA), 1936-1946; expert consultant on textiles to the U.S. Army Office of Quartermaster General and member of the War Production Board's Committee on Industrial Salvage during World War II; field representative for Dudley, Anderson, and Yutzy, a public relations firm, 1946-1952; and director of public relations, 1952-1955, and executive secretary, 1955-1968, of the American Textile Machinery Association (ATMA). While associated with the ATMA, Andrews managed the American Textile Machinery Exhibitions-International, 1952-1965. In the mid-1950s, Andrews directed publicity for the Tungsten Institute. Throughout her life, Andrews published books and articles chiefly, but not exclusively, about textiles. After 1970, Andrews ran a public relations firm, Andrewtex, in Charlotte, N.C. She was also a consultant for the first International Trade Mart in Honduras and a lecturer on textile machinery in Asian countries.
Stephen Tippet Andrews served with the 85th New York Infantry Regiment during the Civil War. He helped organize Company F and was mustered in as first sergeant of the company in the second half of 1861. Andrews was captured with the Plymouth Pilgrims on 20 April 1864 and was held captive at an unknown location for roughly one year. On 8 April 1865, he was honorably discharged. After the Civil War, he married Margaret Little and worked in a general store. He was appointed postmaster by President Benjamin Harrison and served in this capacity until his death on 13 June 1891.
T. Wingate (Thomas Wingate) Andrews was a school superintendent, 1908-1937, in Orange County, N.C, Reidsville, N.C., Salisbury, N.C., and High Point, N.C.; an official in various religious and state and national educational organizations; and an author on religious and educational themes.
Letter from Mrs. William Johnston Andrews, a white woman, to "The Johnstonian," c/o Jane E. Ward, Secretary, Raleigh, N.C., announcing a gift to the Johnstonian book club of a year's membership in the "American Federation of Art Society."
Ledger and minutes book of the Anna Jackson Book Club, a literary club founded by women in Lincolnton, N.C., in 1895. The book contains accounts, a mission statement, minutes, and other reports, 1895-1899. Acquired as part of the Southern Historical Collection.
The Anne C. Stouffer Foundation was established in 1967 by Anne Forsyth of Winston-Salem, N.C., to promote the integration of preparatory schools in the South. Over its eight years of operation, the Foundation helped 142 students, chiefly African Americans, gain admission to preparatory schools in North Carolina, Virginia, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, and other southern states. A driving force in the Foundation's work was novelist John Ehle, who was active in recruiting and placing students. By 1975, the Foundation's goal of preparatory school integration was largely achieved, and the program was halted.
Henry Beasley Ansell (1832-1920) was a native of Knotts Island, Currituck County, N.C.
Lillie Vause Archbell (1854?-1946) of North Carolina was a leader in affairs of the United Daughters of the Confederacy.
The collection is two scrapbooks. The first contains clippings of poems, articles, and pictures from newspapers, circa 1870s-1880s, and including University of North Carolina commencement programs for 1882, 1885-1888, and 1891. The other scrapbook contains news items, poems, comic Valentines, etc., 1850s and 1862-1863, compiled by young women in the Archer family, Norfolk, Va. The clippings in the latter volume are pasted in what appears to be a letter book and register of the Spanish consul in Norfolk, circa 1831-1834. The volume is labeled Copiador de Cartas, and includes fifty pages not covered by clippings. These pages contain copies of some letters sent and records of others, all from 1834.
The collection includes mathematics exercise books from Orange County, N.C., 1794-1831; Lawrenceville, Va., undated; Wythe County, Va., 1829-1831; Moore County, N.C., 1841-1843; Lincoln County, N.C., 1842-1843, with two poems by Peter Stewart Ney (1787-1846); Person County, N.C., 1829-1838; Guilford County, N.C., 1817-1840; Nansemond County, Va., 1807-1809, with birth dates listed for members of the Scott family; County, N.C., 1812-1815, with remarks from later dates on purchasing slaves; and two volumes from an unknown location, 1832 and 1841-1874.
Grant Arledge was a farmer in Flat Rock, N.C. He raised cows and other animals; planted tobacco, potatoes, and other crops; cut and sold lumber; and manufactured and sold wine and spirits. Chiefly account books, 1899-1936, of Grant Arledge of Flat Rock, N.C, in which Arledge kept farm records, including notes on crops grown (tobacco, potatoes), livestock (calving, breeding, pasturing of cows), and other farm activities (wood cut and sold, fertilizers applied, beehives maintained). Also included are notes, some in the style of short diary entries, that include documentation of daily activities; recipes; and general facts and useful information. There is also much information that falls under the title "wet goods sold." Arledge was an active moonshiner, producing and selling non-tax-paid wine and liquor; the books list ingredients purchased, recipes for various concoctions, and when and to whom products were made and sold. Almost all of the books are account/memo books given away by banks, fertilizer companies, and other institutions. Most of these books include printed advertisements for goods and services offered by the company that distributed them. Many of Arledge's books were kept in Pierce's Memorandum and Account Books, distributed by R. V. Pierce's World's Dispensary Medical Association of Buffalo, N.Y. These books include advertisements for Pierce's patent medicines (especially the Golden Medical Discovery, which claimed to be effective against any number of ailments) and other services, including Pierce's Invalid's Hotel and urine analysis labs. Also included are general health and beauty tips and testimonials from satisfied customers, many with photographs.
A letter about routine family matters, 1796; a brief business letter, 1832; and forty-six deeds, plats, and pertinent legal papers relating to property and slaves in Bertie, Washington, and Chowan counties, N.C., purchased by Stark Armistead and other members of his family at Windsor and Plymouth, N.C.
MICROFILM ONLY. Letters, 1861-1864, from Edward Hall Armstrong with the 3rd North Carolina Regiment in Virginia, Pennsylvania, and Maryland, to his family in North Carolina, describing military experiences and camp life; scattered family letters and documents, 1859-1885; and transcriptions of Pearsall family Bible records.
Armstrong was the owner of Woodstock Plantation near Pine Bluff in Jefferson County, Ark., and a Confederate Army officer. His wife was Matilda Greene Armstrong (fl. 1832-1891). Also represented in the collection is his sister, Nancy (Nannie) Armstrong Percy (fl. 1850- 1888), wife of William Alexander Percy of Mississippi and mother of U.S. Senator LeRoy Percy (1860-1929).
John Armstrong lived in Orange County, N.C.
Martin W. B. Armstrong (fl. 1815-1819) attended the University of North Carolina, 1814-1819, but did not graduate from that institution.
The papers of the Lyman family and Appleton family of Waltham, Mass., and Savannah, Ga., the Arnold family of Providence, R.I., and White Hall plantation, Bryan County, Ga. comprise this collection. Central figures include Mary Ellen Lyman who married first J. Amory Appleton and second Charles S. Arnold; George Lyman Appleton (born 1841); and George's wife, Louisa Caroline Arnold, daughter of Samuel Green and Louisa Arnold. The collection includes correspondence, chiefly 1864-1870, of George Lyman Appleton while in Europe during the Civil War, and of his wife, Louisa; papers pertaining to the Lyman, Appleton, and Arnold families; diary, probably kept by Mrs. George W. Lyman during a trip to England in 1822; diary (1864-1869) kept by Mrs. Mary Ellen (Lyman) Appleton Arnold, telling of running the blockade from Wilmington, N.C., to Nassau, and life in Europe; personal diary (1864-1869) of Louisa Arnold; record (1842) of ships and cargoes of William Appleton and Company, Boston; and other miscellaneous family items.
Arnold family of Providence, R.I., and Bryan County, Ga., and Screven family of Savannah, Ga., as well as people enslaved by them at the familys' rice and other plantations. The Arnold plantations included White Hall, Cherry Hill, Silk Hope, Mulberry Hill, Sedgefield, and Orange Grove in Georgia. The Screven plantations included Nonchalance, Ceylon, and Brewton Hall, in Georgia; Proctor and Ferry in South Carolina; they also owned land on Tybee Island. Various members of the white families were also involved in medicine, law, railroad development, and politics. The collection includes business correspondence, financial and legal materials, and a farm journal of Richard James Arnold; and family and business correspondence, financial and legal materials, writings, farm journals, genealogical information, and other materials of members of the Screven and related families. Documentation about enslaved people, including names and birth and death information in some cases, as well as labor assignments and health conditions on plantations, is found in correspondence, estate disputes, medical receipts, deeds, and other papers in both subgroups.
Herman Frank Arnold (1837-1927), of Memphis, Tenn., was an American musician of Prussian birth.
Richard D. Arnold (1808-1876), native of Savannah, Ga., was a physician, educator, and Georgia state legislator. The collection includes letters received, mainly 1875-1876, by Richard D. Arnold from colleagues, patients, friends, and family. Also included is a scrapbook, 1850s to 1870s, concerning Savannah, Ga., civic affairs and state and national politics.
The collection documents Archibald Hunter Arrington, of Nash County, N.C., a white plantation and business owner and a Democratic congressman who held local, state, and national offices; his first wife Mary Jones Arrington (1820-1851); his second wife Kate Wimberly Arrington (1834-1871); his son John Peter Arrington (fl. 1851-1895), who was a sheriff of Nash County; his brother Samuel L. Arrington (fl. 1806-1866), who ran the family plantations in Montgomery County, Alabama; and the enslaved and freed people who provided the labor on the plantations. Papers relate to Arrington's agricultural and business pursuits in Nash County, N.C., and Montgomery County, Ala. Records documenting enslaved and freed people include provisions accounts, bills of sale, hiring out contracts, labor contracts for freed people, wills and estate inventories, and lists with ages and birthdates of enslaved people. Other materials include receipts for cotton sales; accounts with merchants; land records; and items relating to the purchase and sale of other goods and services. There are also business letters relating to the running of the family's plantations and personal letters that discuss family matters. Items relating to Arrington's political activity include a few published speeches and some notes on laws regulating the oversight of enslaved people; a series of letters, 1857-1858, to Arrington from D. K. McRae (1820-1888) on the latter's gubernatorial campaign and other matters; letters to Arrington reporting on voting and political alignment in Confederate regiments; a number of form letters to Arrington, in his capacity as a local official, from postwar military governments; and other letters that briefly comment on political matters, including letters from Bartholomew Figures Moore (1801-1878) and William Theophilus Dortch (1824-1889). Also included are several 1893 endorsements collected by J. P. Arrington in his quest for an appointment as deputy collector for the Internal Revenue.
George Wimberly Arrington of Nash County, N.C., was educated at schools in various North Carolina locations including Castalia, 1878-1879; Louisburg, 1879; the Bingham School at Mebane, 1880-1882; and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1883.
Katherine Clark Pendleton Arrington (1876-1955) of Warrenton, N.C., was the daughter of Major Arthur S. and Victoria Louis Pendleton. Through her mother she was related to several prominent Virgina families. She was president and chief organizer of the North Carolina State Art Society, a trustee of the University of North Carolinaa, and a member of several women's clubs and patriotic societies for descendants of various groups.
Mary Jones Arrington of Rocky Mount, N.C., taught school in Franklin County, N.C., and was interested in genealogy and local history of Nash County and Edgecombe County, N.C. The collection includes correspondence and collected data of Arrington related to family and local history, including copies of 19th- and 20th-century letters, wills, and Bible records. Families represented include: Arrington, Ballard, Bullock, Bunn, Burt, Clopton, Drake, Hight, Jarratt, Lenoir, Nicholson, Noe, Philips, Sclater, Sims, Swann, Swepson, Thorpe, Vick, and Weston. Also included are copies of 67 letters, 1809-1861, of the Drake family who migrated from North Carolina to various western states, chiefly letters to the family members who settled in Muhlenburg County, Ky., from James Perry Drake (1797-1876), United States land official in Indiana, and Benjamin Michael Drake (1800-1860) Methodist minister and college president in Mississippi. Volumes are mostly notebooks but include minutes of the Rocky Mount Women's Club, 1916-1921.
Peter Arrington (1869-1916) of Virginia was a business man. His brother-in-law was Malvern Hill Palmer (d. ca. 1897), an attorney in Warrenton, N.C.
Samuel Lewis Arrington was born in 1899, probably in Rocky Mount, N.C. He attended the University of North Carolina, 1919-1921, and was graduated from the Wake Forest College (now Wake Forest University) School of Law in 1922. The papers of Samuel Lewis Arrington consist of a scrapbook, several telegrams congratulating him on his graduation from law school in 1922, and a birthday card from his mother from 1928 on which is listed his birth year. The scrapbook contains memorabilia from Arrington's days at the University of North Carolina in Chapel Hill, N.C., 1919-1921. The book includes detailed listings of the rosters of various UNC athletic teams, comments and news clippings about their performance, and photographs detailing student life at UNC in the early 1920s.
William Joseph Eudy Billy Arthur, North Carolina editor, publisher, columnist, comedian, politician, and businessman. Arthur, a dwarf, toured on the vaudeville circuit, 1929-1930, then attended the University of North Carolina where he majored in journalism and was head cheerleader, 1931-1932. From the 1930s through the 1950s, he edited or wrote for several newspapers. He also represented Onslow County in the North Carolina House of Representatives, 1943-1945, and served as House reading clerk, 1955-1961. In 1962, Arthur opened a hobby shop in Chapel Hill, from which he retired in 1980.
Samuel E. Asbury (1872-1962), native of Granville County, N.C., was an historian of Texas, mainly concerned with North Carolinians in the Texas Republic.
Ashe family of Alabama and North Carolina.
John Ashe (1720?-1781) was a Major General in the Revolutionary War.
Samuel A'Court Ashe, Confederate soldier, lawyer, historian, Democratic Party politician, and editor, grew up near Wilmington, N.C, and spent much of his life in Raleigh. He served with the Confederate Army throughout the Civil War, rising to the rank of captain. He wrote about North Carolina history, the Civil War, and the post-war South.
Samuel Ashe (1725-1813) was governor of North Carolina, 1795-1798.
William Willard Ashe was a native of North Carolina; botanist, and forester with the North Carolina Geological Survey, 1892-1905, and the United States Forest Service, 1905-1932.
Lester Eugene Asheim (22 January 1914-1 July 1997), William Rand Kenan, Jr., Professor of Library Science at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1975-1984, previously served as assistant professor, 1948-1952; dean of students, 1951-1952; dean, 1952-1961; and professor, 1971-1974, at the Graduate Library School (GLS) of the University of Chicago. He was employed by the American Library Association (ALA) as director of its International Relations Office (IRO), 1961-1966, and director of its Office for Library Education (OLE), 1966-1971. Asheim published notable works on book selection, manpower for librarianship, communication, and international librarianship. Papers, 1940s-1990s, document Asheim's professional activities, including his participation in professional organizations, his work for the American Library Association, his research, and his teaching. Included are correspondence, mostly 1980s-1992, with colleagues and former students; reports on accreditation of library schools; diaries of trips, 1962-1965, to Asia, Africa, Latin America, and the Middle East, reporting on libraries and library education there; a diary of his summer 1979 in Brasilia as a Fulbright lecturer; daily record books, 1960-1992, containing brief comments on his appointments and activities; research papers, articles, talks, and reviews, 1950-1988; and teaching materials. The teaching materials include course outlines, notes, and other materials for courses on research methods for librarians, especially content analysis; the library in society, focusing on censorship and intellectual freedom; agencies and media of mass communication; library education; and communication.
C. Ashley (1790-1848) of Little Rock, Ark., was a lawyer and United States senator, 1844-1848. The collection includes typescript copies of papers of Ashley, including four letters, 1833-1836, from his father, William Ashley, in Hudson, N.Y., chiefly about financial matters.
Samuel Stanford Ashley was a congregational clergyman and educator. He was a member of the North Carolina Constitutional Convention, 1868 and the North Carolina State Superintendent of Public Instruction, 1868-1870.
John Durant Ashmore (1819-1871) was a planter of Sumter and Anderson districts, S.C.; member of S.C. House of Representatives, 1848-1852; comptroller-general, 1853-1857; and Democratic congressman, 1859-1860.
Letter from E. S. Askew (1874-1958) of Windsor, N.C., to Fred M. Vinson, chief justice of the U.S. Supreme Court, expounding his views on the superiority of the white race and the dangers of miscegenation.
The collection contains a typescript copy of the estate inventory of William Askew of Bertie County, N.C.
The Association of North Carolina Health and Science Libraries (ANCHASL) was formed in 1982 to promote excellence in health information services. The organization fosters resource sharing, information exchange, education, and professional growth of its members. It provides a forum for cooperation, communication, and exchange of ideas, and serves as a liaison to other organizations desiring input from ANCHASL members.
The collection contains a diploma, 1849, of Martha A. R. Malone of Limestone Country, Ala., from the Tennessee Conference Female Institute, Athens, Ala., signed by Daniel Coleman, George S. Houston, and others; and a resolution, 1852, of a citizens' committee against disorderly conduct of part of the citizenry.
The Athens Boiler and Machine Works was formed from companies that started in Athens, Ga., around 1848. In 1972, the company moved to Elberton, Ga. It ceased operations in 1994. The collection includes correspondence, financial records, pictures, and other records of Athens Boiler and Machine Works in Athens, Ga. Correspondence chiefly concerns buying and selling goods, including such matters as giving or receiving price quotations or settling questions regarding invoices. In the 1930s, most correspondence is with other companies in Georgia and concerns selling shot wheels, emery rings, or buffers, or buying engines or felt. During World War II, much correspondence concerns selling boilers. There are also records relating to government agencies and requirements, including the Office of Price Administration, the Office of Defense Transportation, and the War Production Board. In 1944 and 1945, there are many letters to and from school systems about boilers for canning plants. There is also correspondence with several boiler, burner, and granite organizations, including the American Monument Association. There are also ledgers, financial statements, daily journals, inventories, price lists, purchase orders, and other financial records, including accounts receivable and accounts payable, 1935-1986. Other records are chiefly related to advertising and promotion of products. Scattered personnel records relate to employees, employment policies, pay, and benefits. There are also pictures of boilers, polishing wheels, machinery, and aerial photographs of an unidentified industrial area.
The collection contains genealogical charts showing descendants of Lewis Atkins, of John Smith and Mary (Gilchrist) Smith, and of Archibald McNeill. The charts include Alexander, Cameron, McAllister, McCraney, McKeithan, Murphy, Neill, Parker, Pope, Rand, Reid, Robinson, Wilder, and other North Carolina family connections.
James Atkins (1850-1923) was a clergyman of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South; the bishop of North Carolina; the president of Asheville Female College, 1879-1889; and the president of Emory and Henry College, 1893-1896.
Belle Atkinson was a resident of San Marcos, Tex. The collection includes genealogical data and miscellaneous family papers of members of the Atkinson family of San Marcos and Gonzales County, Tex., 1860-1927; a letter about making friends at the University of Virginia, 1838; and a Confederate Memorial Day speech to a gathering of the United Daughters of the Confederacy, circa 1897, by M. A. Barber.
MICROFILM ONLY. Letters of F. A. Wayne, Methodist, concerning religious practices and theological questions, and two religious lectures; and letters of several unidentified Confederate soldiers in Virginia relating to religious, battlefield, and hospital conditions.
William F. Atkinson of Goldsboro, N.C., traveled to Switzerland, 1868-1869, to recruit immigrant laborers to work as planters in North Carolina.
The Atlantic Coast Line was based in Wilmington, N.C., and possessed rail that ran through Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Tennessee, and Florida. The Atlantic Coast Line later formed part of the CSX Transportation System.
William Attmore (1750-1800) was a merchant and shipper of Philadelphia, Pa., and New Bern, N.C., who married Sarah Sitgreaves (1771-1843) of New Bern in 1790. They had four children including a son, George Sitgreaves Attmore.
Atwood & Company was a Philadelphia, Pa., general merchandise wholesale firm. The collection includes correspondence of Atwood & Company. Letters are from merchants in the East, the Midwest, and scattered through the South, in regard to merchandise, shipment of goods, and payments and credit arrangements. Also included are letters from the merchants' bankers and lawyers.
Sergeant John Murray Atwood was a Union soldier who served in the 29th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment (29th Massachusetts Volunteers) and the 36th Massachusetts Volunteers.
August Wilhelm was the fourth son of Wilhelm II, German Emperor, (1859-1941). He continued to use the title Prince of Prussia after father's abdication in 1918; he supported the National Socialists in the 1930s.
Jacob Luther Aull (1835-1923) of Aull Hills, Newberry County, S.C., owned sawmills, flour mills, and gristmills in Newberry County, S.C., 1854-1871, and in Dyson, Edgefield County, S.C., 1872-1923.
Members of the white Auman family lived chiefly in Randolph and Moore counties, N.C. The collection includes letters, diaries, deeds, scrapbooks, family photographs, warrants, business records, school materials, printed epehemera, and other material pertaining to the Auman family in southern Randolph County, N.C., chiefly from the early 19th to the late 20th century. Topics include family life and domestic and social activities; love-letters; the Why Not Academy in Randolph County; writings and communications of adolescent and teenage girls; Civil War disease, drill, conditions on the home front, and Confederate conscription; education in North Carolina; the family peach business and a whiskey distillery; World War II military training and service as an Army Air Corps airman on a B-24; military sports leagues; civilian life in the United States in the early 1940s; family history and genealogical research; the Panama Canal Zone during World War I; teaching and coaching sports at Hillsboro High School in Hillsborough, N.C., in the 1950s and 1960s; the North Carolina Congress of Parents and Teachers; community organizations such as the Hillsborough Garden Club, the West End Woman's Club in Moore County, N.C., and the Durham-Orange Home Economics Association; public and private organizations in North Carolina concerned with access to abortion, disability services, education, mental health services, and human rights; legislative work on liquor laws; political correspondence and ephemera of the national Democratic Party, including a letter from Franklin Delano Roosevelt, 1932; and debt and various crimes in Moore County, N.C., during the 1850s-1880s.
In 1906 Frederick Aunspaugh, an insurance agent, married Ruth McCoy in Norfolk, Va., where they lived until 1925 when they moved to Raleigh, N.C. The Aunspaugh's daughter Ruth married Frank Daniels of Raleigh in 1929.
Jeremiah Austill (born 1794), a commission merchant, was involved in campaigns against Native Americans in Georgia and Alabama. The collection includes two typescripts: Partial autobiography of Jeremiah Austill, concerning his Indian campaigns in Georgia and Alabama, Andrew Jackson, and experiences as a commission merchant; and Early Life of Margaret Ervin Austill, including an account of the marriage of her parents, John Eades and Jenny Fee Eades, their emigration from Georgia to points south, and their experiences on the frontier and with the Cherokee Indians.
William Austine, of Connecticut, was a graduate of the United States Military Academy and an officer with the United States Army in Mexico.
The Avery family of Burke County, N.C., was prominent in western North Carolina, owning extensive tracts of land and actively participating in local and state politics. Family members include Waightstill Avery (1741-1821), who served on the committee that drew up the first North Carolina constitution and was the state's first attorney general; his wife, Leah Probart Franck Avery; their son, Isaac Thomas Avery (1785-1864); his wife, Harriet Erwin Avery; and their children, William Waightstill Avery (1816-1864), Clarke Moulton Avery (1819-1864), Thomas Lenoir Avery (1821-1852), Isaac Erwin Avery (1828-1863), Alphonso Calhoun Avery (1835-1913), and Willoughby Francis Avery (1843-1876). The collection includes personal and professional correspondence, legal papers, financial materials, and other papers relating to members of the Avery family and related Erwin, Lenoir, and Probert families. Personal correspondence concerns family affairs. Business correspondence concerns land; purchasing and hiring out of slaves; agriculture; politics; and financial, business, and legal affairs. Also included are several Civil War letters of Isaac Thomas Avery and Isaac Erwin Avery (1828-1863) with the 6th North Carolina Regiment, official war correspondence, letters concerning Isaac Erwin Avery's death at Gettysburg, and notes concerning deserters. Also included are bills; receipts; estate papers and wills; account books documenting the Avery plantation at Swan Ponds and other plantations, including the distribution of goods to slaves and purchase and hiring out of slaves; papers relating to gold purchases at the State Bank of North Carolina and gold mines; and a copy of Andrew Jackson's 1788 challenge to a duel with Waightstill Avery. Also included are biographical materials; genealogical materials; clippings; Civil War materials relating to Isaac Erwin Avery (1828-1863); publications by Isaac Erwin Avery (1871-1904); a recipe book and poetry of Harriet Erwin Avery; an undated, four-page dialogue poem, titled Folly's Dialogue, by the Colored Bard of North Carolina, the pen name of George Moses Horton, a Chatham County, N.C., slave and poet; and other materials.
MICROFILM ONLY. Avery and Marsh families of Petite Anse Island Plantation, later Avery Island, near New Iberia in Iberia Parish, La., and of Baton Rouge, La. Prominent family members were Dudley Avery (d. 1816), medical officer of the Drafted Militia in New Orleans, 1814-1816; his son, Daniel Dudley Avery (1810-1879) of Baton Rouge, lawyer, state senator, judge, and sugar planter; John Craig Marsh (1789-1857), who originally acquired Petite Anse Island Plantation; his son, George Marsh (d. 1859); and his daughter, Sarah Craig Marsh (1818-1878), who married Daniel Dudley Avery in 1837.
The collection contains personal and professional correspondence, legal papers, financial materials, and other papers of white lawyer and jurist Alphonso Calhoun Avery (1835-1913) of Burke County, N.C. Correspondence concerns family and business affairs, legal work, land transactions, politics, and various legal and historical publications to which he contributed. Included are letters from Avery's son, Isaac Erwin Avery, about his experiences in Shanghai, China, 1894-1895. Legal papers consist of deeds, indentures, surveyors' reports, land plats, powers of attorney, and papers relating to Avery's legal career. Financial papers consist of bills, receipts, purchase lists, and account books. Also included are legal and financial papers relating to Western North Carolina Railroad contractors Chambers and Avery and to various family members' estates. Other papers include biographical and genealogical materials relating to the Love, Erwin, Thomas, and other families; Avery's publications and writings on Civil War and western North Carolina history; Civil War papers relating to Avery and his brother, Colonel Isaac Erwin Avery; recipe and remedy books of Susan Washington Morrison Avery; and volumes containing notes on legal cases, lectures on legal topics, and Civil War clippings and letters. Also included are letters and legal papers relating to land holdings of William Holland Thomas, Sallie Love Thomas Avery's father, who represented the North Carolina Cherokee and acquired vast amounts of land that came under dispute following his financial collapse. Letters concern the Thomas heirs' legal claims, some handled by Charles Walter Tillett, to the land, mineral rights, and Cherokee land boundaries. Legal papers relate to court cases about the lands and include indentures, plats, petitions, notes, testimony, and Thomas's power of attorney for the North Carolina Cherokee.
Isaac Avery was presumably an Anglican clergyman of Virginia.
James Avery (1791-1872) was a planter, chairman of supervisors of Burke County, N.C., common schools, and justice of the peace.
Awards Committee for Education, Inc., a foundation based in Winston-Salem, N.C., founded in 1981 with the mission of identifying educationally talented young people in the state, honoring them through recognition, and enhancing their educational opportunities.
William B. Aycock was a professor in the University of North Carolina School of Law, 1948-1985, and served as chancellor of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1957-1964.
Cyrus Aydlett (1909- ) was a native of North Carolina, who enlisted in the U.S. Coast Guard as an ensign in 1942. He was a supply and coding officer for the Coast Guard and was sent to England in February 1944 on the U.S.S. Bayfield. He was involved in action at Iwo Jima, Okinawa, Normandy, and southern France. Discharged as a lieutenant in January 1946, he returned to his wife Augusta in Elizabeth City, N.C., and established the Elizabeth City Finance Company. The collection includes correspondence, journals, ship documents, military and travel memorabilia, newspaper clippings, and photographs chiefly relating to the World War II military career of Cyrus Aydlett; a few photographs from after World War II; photographs, 1918-1932, of Nags Head, N.C.; and yearbooks, 1923 and 1926, from the seventh grade of the Elizabeth City Grammar School, Elizabeth City, N.C. Correspondence is mainly between Aydlett and his wife Augusta and concerns daily life, family news, and Augusta's pregnancy and their new child, as well as Aydlett's travels in Europe and daily military life. Aydlett's journals, 1944-1945, provide information about life aboard his ship, the U.S.S. Bayfield, sailing conditions, Aydlett's duties as supply officer, and Aydlett's feelings and fears about going into battle. They describe visits to European cities and the devastation found in the bombed areas. They include considerable detail on the days leading to and following D-Day and the Battle of Normandy. Also included are photographs of European cities and people and various members of the Bayfield crew. There are several notable images of troops mobilizing at Iwo Jima.
Romeyn Beck Ayres (1825-1888) of New York was a United States Army officer. The collection includes the diary of Ayres, August 1847-June 1848, describing travel from New York to Vera Cruz, Mexico, events in places where he was garrisoned in Mexico (Jalapa, Perote, La Puebla de los Angelos, Fort Loretto, and Mexico City), and journeys between stations.


Ellyn Bache, writer of Wilmington, N.C., grew up in Washington, D.C., and attended the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in the mid-1960s. She has published non-fiction under the pen name Ellen Matthews, and, with her husband, young adult fiction under the pen name E. M. J. Benjamin. Much of Bache's writing is set in southern locales and deals with race relations and southern culture in general. Papers consist chiefly of writings, including drafts of novels, short stories, and screenplays; journal and newspaper articles; and a musical play. Clippings are of fiction and non-fiction works, mid 1970s-late 1980s. There are also subject files concerning character development and historical research conducted while writing and revising The Activist's Daughter (Spinster's Ink, 1997), a novel about student activists and racial unrest at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in 1963.
The collection contains a manuscript by Annie J. Backus, tracing the descent of Mrs. Thomas Pinckney Waring's family, of Savannah, Ga., from the Backus family of Norwich, England, 1637-1908. Genealogical research includes character and family sketches, ancestral anecdotes, and childhood recollections. Parents' marriage and courtship, mother's teaching school, and author's debut in society as well as encounters with Indians, condemned prisoners, and hurricanes are mentioned.
MICROFILM ONLY. United States senator from Georgia. Three diary volumes of Bacon, 1853, 1861, and 1868; and two letters, one from Bacon to his mother, 1864, and one to Bacon requesting aid in passing local bills. The 1853 volume, kept while Bacon attended school in Tuskegee, Ala., concerns school, play, church, relatives, and friends in Tuskegee. The 1864 volume deals with Bacon's experiences as an officer in the Ninth Georgia Regiment, including movement and engagements in the fall of 1864, with a map of the area around Bull Run and twenty- eight pages of extracts from letters Bacon had written home, August- November 1861. The 1868 volume concerns Bacon's trip from Macon, Ga., to New York City to attend the Democratic National Convention, and political meetings and related business in Georgia; it includes a copy of a speech Bacon delivered on September 5 in Covington, Ga.
Henry Bacon was a civil engineer, railroad executive, and stockbroker. He was a resident of Massachusetts; then Smithville (now Southport), N.C., 1867-1882; and Wilmington, N.C., 1882-1891. Bacon played a prominent part in the expansion of railroads throughout New England, the Middle West, and eastern North Carolina. The collection includes business papers and personal correspondence, 1836-1873, of Bacon, relating to the Boston and Maine, Great Falls and Conway, and Illinois Central railroads during their periods of building and expansion. Also included are maps, deeds, account books, and journals and diaries, which span the years 1867-1891, when Bacon lived in Smithville (now Southport), and Wilmington, N.C. The papers reflect Bacon's work, from 1876 until his death, with the United States Army Corps of Engineers on coastal surveys, channel improvements, port facilities, railroads, and army installations in Wilmington, along the Cape Fear River, and in Brunswick and New Hanover Counties.
Members of the Bacot family were cotton planters of the Mars Bluff Plantation near Florence in the Darlington District, S.C., and, beginning in 1865, partners in the Jarrot & Bacot Drug Store in Florence.
The collection is a Bible with birth and death dates for members of the Lord, Espy, and Bacot families of North Carolina.
Peter Brockington Bacot (1838-1924) was a physician of Florence and Charleston, S.C. The collection includes medical, drug, cotton, and personal accounts, scattered other medical and business papers of Bacot; and photocopies of items in other repositories.
The Badger family of North Carolina included George E. Badger, superior court judge, secretary of the Navy, and United States senator, 1844-1855, of Raleigh, N.C.; his third wife, Delia Haywood Williams Badger; their children, Mary Badger Hale (b. 1836) and Thomas Badger (b. 1843); Badger's daughter, Kate Badger Haigh (b. 1827); and his wife's daughter Melissa Williams.
George E. Badger, superior court judge, secretary of the Navy, and U.S. senator, 1844-1855, of Raleigh, N.C.
Kenneth W. Badgett of Dobson, Surry County, N.C., collected these materials. The collection includes items relating to Devotion, the Surry County estate that Richard J. Reynolds, Jr., and Elizabeth Dillard Reynolds built between 1930 and 1939 for entertaining and farming. Folger family materials include a bound memorial address for Alonzo Dillard Folger (1888-1941) of Dobson, who practiced law in Mount Airy, N.C., and served in the United States Congress, 1939-1941; three photographic portraits of John Hamlin Folger (1880-1963), also a lawyer and legislator of Mount Airy; and a photograph of the Folger house in Dobson, ca. 1900. Hamlin family materials include photocopies of clippings relating to fiddler Stephen Crawley Hamlin (1869-1936) and copies of photographs of Dobson and of family members. Materials relating to the W. E. Reid Company, general merchants of Dobson, include photocopies of letters, bills, and receipts, chiefly from 1931; a photocopy of a 1935 employee account book; a coin offering the bearer a $1.00 discount on merchandise at the store; and a copy of a photograph, ca. 1935, of the store. The addition of June 2001 contains research files compiled by Badgett relating to the Boy Scouts of America. Most of these materials are newspaper clippings, pamphlets, and other printed matter, 1913-2001, that broadly address the topic of the Boy Scouts and homosexuality. Also included is a file devoted to Boy Scouts and minorities and other more general materials relating to boys and scouting.
William Badham Junior, of Edenton, N.C., was a student at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1852-1855.
George William Bagby was an author and editor in Richmond, Va.
Bagley family members included William Henry Bagley (1833-1886), clerk of the North Carolina Supreme Court, 1868-1887; his wife Adelaide, daughter of Jonathan Worth; Worth Bagley, a United States naval cadet and ensign, who was killed in the Spanish- American War; William Henry Bagley (1877-1936), a newspaper executive in Raleigh, N.C.; Adelaide (Bagley) Daniels and her husband, Josephus Daniels, secretary of the Navy, United States ambassador to Mexico, and Raleigh newpaper publisher; and George C. Worth (1867-1937), a Presbyterian missionary in China.
Native of Currituck County, N.C., experimental farmer and seedsman, state and federal official. Personal and business papers of Dudley Warren Bagley, chiefly from the 1920s, relating to Bagley's activities as officer of many local, state, and national organizations concerned with cooperative marketing, political, practical, and scientific aspects of agriculture; as state legislator, 1933 and 1935; as trustee of North Carolina State College (now University) particularly interested in agricultural education; as an active Democrat; as civic leader for the multi-county area in the Albemarle-Currituck sounds region of North Carolina; and as 1st chairman, 1935-1940, of the North Carolina Rural Electrification Authority (unofficial papers). Considerable correspondence and two manuscript biographies concern Joseph Palmer Knapp (1864-1951), New York magazine publisher with a home in Currituck County, particularly relating to his interest in wildlife conservation and philanthropy. Ben Dixon MacNeill (1889-1960), North Carolina newspaperman, author, and authority on the North Carolina Outer Banks, was a regular correspondence. Bagley was a close friend from the early 1920s of Lindsay Carter Warren (born 1889), United States representative and comptroller-general and was in Washington, D.C., as Warren's assistant, 1940-1946 (unofficial papers). Separately arranged papers pertain to business affairs and plant experiments at Bagley's own farm where he bred new varieties of corn and other crops and grew high quality plants for sale as seed. Also included are papers of his wife, Ida Frost (Bray) Bagley (born 1896).
William Bagley was a white college student who attended the University of North Carolina in the 1840s. The collection consists of two volumes containing handwritten copies Bagley made of letters he sent to family and friends, chiefly while he was a student at the University of North Carolina, 1843-1845, and when he related local news from Plymouth and Williamston, N.C., 1845-1850. Also included is a transcription of an acrostic poem composed by George Moses Horton, a Black poet who was enslaved by the Horton family of Chatham County, N.C.
George F. Bahnson (1805-1869) was a Moravian minister and bishop in Lancaster, Pa., who moved to Salem, N.C., in 1849. The collection includes a diary, 1845-1846, of Bahnson, kept in a book in which daily devotions printed in German alternate with blank pages for diary entries. Bahnson kept his diary (in English) while he was serving as preacher and teacher in Lancaster, Pa. He recorded church and school affairs, congregational visits, personal and family events, and pious reflections.
Henry Theodore Bahnson was born in Lancaster, Pa., the son of George Frederic Bahnson, a Moravian bishop. In 1849, the family moved to Salem, N.C. Bahnson pursued theological studies at the Moravian Theological Seminary at Bethlehem, Pa. In 1862, Bahnson returned to North Carolina, where he served in the 2nd North Carolina Infantry Battalion until his capture at the Battle of Gettysburg. After six months of captivity divided between the Baltimore City Jail and Point Lookout, Md., he was exchanged and began service with the 1st North Carolina Sharpshooters Battalion. He served with this unit until his capture in the course of the Confederate surrender at Appomattox Court House, Va. After a brief internment in Virginia, he was released and made his way back to Salem, N.C. After the war, Bahnson studied medicine at the University of Pennsylvania; he spent the balance of his life practicing medicine in Salem, N.C.
The Bellamy and Bailey families of Florida and North Carolina included General William Bellamy (1790-1867), and Abram Bellamy (1799 or 1800-1839).
James B. Bailey (1820-1864), his wife, Mary N. Bailey, and their children, including their son, C.O. Bailey, moved from Hickory Bend, a plantation near Montgomery, Ala., to Alachua County, Fla., near Gainesville, in 1852. There, Bailey became active in local politics as county treasurer (circa 1857), candidate for commissioner of roads, and member of the county's Central Committee, which coordinated mobilization for the Civil War. During the war, Bailey served as Superintendant of Labor for the Engineers Department of Eastern District Florida. C.O. Bailey attended West Military Institute in Nashville, Tenn.
Writings and addresses by James Osler Bailey (1903-1979) about Thomas Hardy, Victorian literature, science fiction, and the teaching of reading and writing. Subject files include teaching plans, course syllabi, course examinations, subject notes, and a few letters from graduate students. Also included are a play, Strike Song: A play of the Southern mills, written by Bailey and his wife, Loretto Carroll Bailey, in 1929; material relating to William T. Couch; the Friends of the Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill; and Turkey, where Bailey taught, 1954-1957.
Jesse James Bailey was born in Madison County, N.C. He served as sheriff of Madison County, 1920-1922, and of Buncombe County, 1928-1930. Much of his career as sheriff was spent enforcing Prohibition laws. In addition to his work as sheriff, Bailey worked for 58 years as a telegrapher and a detective for the Southern Railroad.
John Lancaster Bailey was a resident of Pasquotank County, N.C., then Hillsborough, and, finally, Asheville, N.C. He was a superior court judge, served in the state legislature, 1827-1830, and was a delegate to the state convention of 1835. Bailey married Priscilla Brownrigg of Edenton, N.C., in 1821. Their daughter was Sarah Jane Bailey Cain (1828-1927), wife of William Cain (d. 1855) of Orange County. Among their grandchildren were Elizabeth B. Cain (1850-1929), who married John Steele Henderson in 1874, and William Cain (1847-1930), engineer and professor of mathematics at the University of North Carolina.
Mary E. Bailey (1845-1922) was likely the daughter of James B. Bailey of Alabama and Alachua County, Fla.
The documentary film Shalom Y'all, directed by third-generation southern Jew and New Orleans, La., native Brian Bain, details Jewish culture and identity in the American South. In the film, Bain travels 4,200 miles by car across the same route his grandfather took as a traveling salesman. Bain interviews a variety of southern Jews, including a Jewish African American police chief, a kosher butcher, a Golden Gloves boxer, and a former congressman. He also explores the role played by southern Jews in a variety of historical settings, such as the American Civil War, the civil rights movement, and the Ku Klux Klan.
Charles Wesley Bain (1864-1915) was professor of Greek at the University of South Carolina, 1898-1910, and at the University of North Carolina, 1910-1915. He was an author of textbooks and editor of classical texts. He was also a schoolmaster and teacher in the southern states before 1898. He received an M.A. in 1895 from the University of the South, graduated from the University of Virginia, and attended Colonel William Gordon McCabe's school in Virginia. The collection includes correspondence, notes, and writings of Bain, chiefly letters from southern classical scholars and other southern educators. Correspondents include Colonel William Gordon McCabe (1841-1920), founder and headmaster of the University School at Petersburg and Richmond, Va., and rector of the University of Virginia; Willis H. Bocock, professor of Greek at the University of Georgia; Eben Alexander; and Basil L. Gildersleeve (1831-1924).
Hope Bain (born 1795) was a Universalist minister who lived in Baltimore, Md., and in various towns in eastern North Carolina, finally settling in Goldsboro, N.C.
The collection of Isabel Plummer Bain and her husband Charles Wesley Bain (1864-1915), a white educator, author, and professor at the University of North Carolina, contains a scrapbook about Charles Bain, newspaper clippings, notebooks, miscellaneous papers, and letters, including a 1917 letter to Isabel Bain from Elizabeth Blackwell describing her sudden departure from Chapel Hill, N.C., in 1862 during the American Civil War.
Alfred H. Baird (born 1843) was a Confederate colonel from Asheville, N.C.
Herman Glenn Baity was an internationally-known white sanitary engineer and professor of sanitary engineering at the University of North Carolina, 1926-1955.
The Baker family resided in Locust Hill, Caswell County, N.C., and Louisa County, Va.
Members of the Baker family resided in various regions of North Carolina and Virginia and included Lawrence Baker, Henry Baker, Mary Baker, James Baker, and Richard W. Baker.
The Bakers and related families lived primarily in Virginia and North Carolina from the 17th century to the 1930s. This collection contains chiefly correspondence, compilations, and copies of wills, letters, and other papers concerning the history of the Baker and numerous related lines, including the Allen, Ballard, Bray, Brownrigg, Cooper, de Graffenreid, Gregory, Iredell, Johnson, Jones, Keeling, Norworthy, Pipkin, Pugh, and Wiles families, collected by Blanche Baker, 1890s to 1930s. Original items include antebellum family correspondence of her father, William J. Baker (fl. 1830-1889) of Gates County, N.C.; and his letters home, 1862-1865, while a Confederate officer in Virginia. Also included are two letters in diary form. One, July 1841, is that of a young girl, probably Sarah Collins (fl. 1830-1882), later wife of William J. Baker, addressed to William, describing her daily activities. The other, June 1841, was kept by William J. Baker for Sarah, while he was studying law in Richmond, Va., and describes his studies and social activities.
Baker, a native of Connecticut, wrote these letters home to his future wife, Adelaide Raphel, describing his impressions of Little Rock, Ark., business prospects there, and a trip to New Orleans, La.
This collection includes several volumes containing the personal diary of Everard Green Baker (1828-1890), a white plantation owner of Jefferson; Panola; and Hinds Counties, Mississippi. Included in the diary entries, kept between 1849-1876, are recounted events of what happened to the people Baker enslaved. Included are descriptions of the untimely death in 1850 of a young girl who was enslaved, who perished of worms; an obituary for an (name unknown) enslaved individual who died of diarrhea and “dropsy” (edema); and descriptions of a brutal fight between an overseer and an enslaved man. Also included are entries regarding Baker’s social life; remedies for illnesses; recipes for food; and instructions for growing vegetables and curing meat; descriptions of the home front during the American Civil War; a genealogical table of the Baker family of Jefferson County, Mississippi; a copy of Elizabeth Green’s will, 1833; and typed transcriptions of the volumes. 
George Washington Baker of Washington County, N.Y., served with Company K, 123rd New York Volunteers in the Civil War. The collection includes letters of Lt. George Washington Baker, who served with the Army of the Potomac. He was involved in campaigns in Maryland, Virginia, Georgia, and North Carolina, which he described in letters to his family in Upper Granville, N.Y. Included in these letters is much description of the Battle of Chancellorsville and the capture of Atlanta. He discussed at length army food, picket duty, and his opinions on current political issues, including the replacement of generals, the Emancipation Proclamation, and the presidential race. His sisters Lizzie and Ellen taught school in the South before the war, and the collection includes a few of their pre-war letters, among them Lizzie's description of a murder in Alabama, as well as other family letters written before and after the war.
The collection is a letter, 30 May 1807, to Isaac L. Baker, near Winchester, Va., from his uncle, Samuel Lewis, in Philadelphia, giving family news and describing the recent student rebellion at the College of New Jersey in Princeton.
Simmons Jones Baker appears to have been a physician of Scotland Neck, N.C.
William B. Baker of Goodales Corner, Me., was a federal soldier in Company D, 1st Maine Cavalry Regiment, Army of the Potomac during the Civil War.
George Beall Balch (1821-1908) of Tennessee received an appointment in 1837 from Alabama as midshipman in the U.S. Navy. On the Princeton and the Falcon he took part in the Mexican War. As a lieutenant on the Plymouth he was a member of the Perry expedition to Japan. Balch remained in the Navy through the Civil War, commanding the Pocahontas and the Pawnee in operations along the east coast from Jacksonville, Fla. to Georgetown, S.C. After the war, Balch held a series of posts with the Navy, retiring as a rear admiral in 1883.
Mary and Elizabeth Baldwin were the socially prominent daughters of Mr. and Mrs. Henry Baldwin. They hosted events first in Macon, Ga., and, after 1933, in Savannah, Ga., where they socialized with students from Wesleyan Conservatory, where Mary studied journalism, and Mercer University. Elizabeth married Adam Leopold Alexander in 1939 and had two children. The collection includes two scrapbooks, some letters, and other materials. The larger scrapbook, constructed by Mary Baldwin, ca. 1927-1934, contains newspaper clippings, invitations, greeting cards, dance cards, programs, letters and notes, telegrams, bridge tallies, and photographs. Her second, smaller, scrapbook contains signatures and toasts, as well as photographs of family and friends. There are several folders of letters that were removed from the scrapbook and loose materials that did not necessarily come from the scrapbooks. These folders contain miscellaneous notes, letters from Adam Leopold Alexander to Elizabeth, and a small number of clippings. Also included are photographs, most of which are unidentified.
Articulate, analytical, lengthy letters from Daniel H. Baldwin, merchant of Savannah, Ga., 1860-1861, and New York City, 1867-1869, to William Baldwin in Massachusetts, commenting on the secession crisis, the Republican Party, the economy, Reconstruction, and race relations; and a receipt, 1859.
George Johnson Baldwin (1856-1927), capitalist and civic leader, was born in Savannah, Ga. An 1877 graduate of Massachusetts Institute of Technology, he began his career as a chemist, but quickly became associated with diverse industries and companies, especially Stone & Webster, a Boston, Mass., firm of electrical engineers, financiers, and managers of street railway and public utilities companies. During World War I, Baldwin lent his business expertise to the shipping and shipbuilding industries. Throughout his life, he was an active Savannah civic leader and philanthropist.
J. A. Baldwin (fl. 1855-1864) was apparently a merchant of general goods in Covington, Richmond County, N.C.
John K. Baldwin was a skilled laborer of Bladen County, N.C., who did carpentry, blacksmithing, and mechanical work, and ran two sawmills.
The collection contains the autobiography of Lucy Hull Baldwin (died 1923), describing her childhood in Atlanta, Ga., during the Civil War, plantation life, living in New York, N.Y., and Savannah, Ga.; poems and short stories by her; and dramatizations of works by Charles Dickens.
Luther S. Baldwin was a general merchant of Lambville, Chatham County, N.C.
Russell Glenwood Baldwin (1925-2014) of Rocky Point and Leland, N.C., was a World War II veteran, graduate of the University of North Carolina, journalist, import-export business owner, technical writer, and founding mayor of Leland, N.C. Papers and photographs document his childhood; military service; education; political activism with organizations promoting world government and nuclear disarmament; and his successive careers. His writings document the intellectual life of a young man and include notes and essays on his reading habits and other self-reflective topics and fictional explorations of racism and interracial relationships, and the state of the world in the post-World War II era.
The collection contains miscellaneous items, 1940-1948, including a letter from Mrs. Hal Worth, North Carolina Society of County Historians, describing a trip into Randolph County, N.C., and enclosing a photograph of the tombstones of Andrew Balfour (died 1782), Elizabeth Balfour (died 1818), and their son; a newspaper clipping about Andrew Balfour's death; and a biographical sketch of Elizabeth Balfour from The State, 17 February 1940, who was appointed postmistress at Salisbury, N.C., in 1796.
MICROFILM ONLY. Lawyer, journalist, and farmer of Greenville, Miss. Diary giving detailed account of community culture, social and religious activity, and physical conditions around Greenville, Miss.
John Ball and Keating Simons Ball (1818-1891) were planters of Charleston District, S.C.
Records of three generations of the Ball family at a group of Cooper River plantations, Charleston District (later Berkeley County), S.C., including Cedar Hill, Halidon Hill, Hyde Park, Jericho, Limerick, Midway, and Quinby. Volumes include intermittent slave, planting, and weather records, 1804-1890; minutes, 1847-1858, of the Strawberry Agricultural Society; and a hog killing record, 1819-1834, detailing distribution of meat to slaves.
John Ballanfant of Pleasant Grove, Maury County, Tenn., was graduated from the University of North Carolina in 1844.
The collection documents Rice Carter Ballard (c. 1800-1860), a white trafficker of enslaved people, enslaver, and owner of cotton plantations in Louisiana, Arkansas, and Mississippi. Letters and financial records, 1820s-early 1830s, concern day-to-day operations of interstate trafficking of enslaved people between Ballard in Richmond, Va., with John Armfield in Alexandria, Va., and Isaac Franklin in Natchez, Miss., and New Orleans, La. There are also several letters from Henry Clay about court cases involving the legality of trafficking enslaved people and one from Mississippi Governor John Anthony Quitman about payment of a debt. Records, 1840s-1860, document Ballard's administration, in partnership with Judge Samuel S. Boyd, of a number of cotton plantations in Louisiana, Arkansas, and Mississippi, including Wagram, Magnolia, Elcho, Karnac, Laurell Hill, Golden Plains, Quattlebaum, and Outpost (or Pecan Grove). Letters from Boyd, from the overseers at the various places, and from Ballard's cotton commission merchants in New Orleans discuss the enslaved people, improvements on the plantations, family life, politics (especially the Know-Nothing Party), and financial arrangements. There are three letters from enslaved people, all from women asking Ballard for help with emancipation or with pending sales of themselves or others. Also included are letters to and from his wife Louise Berthe Ballard about her life in Louisville, Ky. Volumes and other materials in the collection supplement the letters with details of trafficking enslaved people, their labor that the plantations depended upon, and their family units; Ballard's other financial activities; and plantation life.
Courtship letters, 1901-1905, of Etta Blanche Tate and George Newton Ballou written while Etta Blanche Tate was a student in Greendale, Va., at Martha Washington College in Abingdon, Va., and employed as a teacher in various locations in Virginia. George Newton Ballou wrote from his home in Ashe County, N.C., from the Eastern Normal College in Front Royal, Va., and in various locations in Tennessee where he worked as a photographer. The collection also contains digital transcriptions of the letters and a small amount of related material.
The Bank of Cape Fear was chartered in 1804 in Wilmington, N.C., and opened its Hillsborough, N.C., branch in 1815.
The Bank of North Carlina, operating 1859-1874, succeeded the Bank of the State of North Carolina which liquidated in 1860, taking over its personnel, buildings, and activities.
Thaddeus Banks (1815-1879) was a lawyer of Hollidaysburg, Pa. The collection includes chiefly correspondence and business papers of Banks, consisting mostly of letters, 1839-1841, from Banks to his fiancee, Delia Jane Reynolds, and scattered letters to her, 1842-1864, after their marriage. Also included are letters of the Banks family of Pennsylvania; the Reynolds family, Quakers, of Cecil County, Md.; and John C. Reynolds, who was with the United States Office of Indian Affairs. Letters of John C. Reynolds concern fighting in the Second Seminole War and dealings with the Cherokee, Sac (or Sauk), and Fox Native Americans, and include a letter describing a trip, 1840, through Mammoth Cave. An 1807-1817 receipt book shows amounts paid for various expenses by Creswell Reynolds & Company, Reuben Reynolds, and others.
William A. Banks lived in Bryan, Tex.
The collection is a letter, 1857, from Joseph Banner to William B. Rodman describing the early history of Bath, N.C., as deduced from architectural remains and from the memories of old residents.
Lemuel Bannister was president of the Green Swamp Company, a lumber business based in Wilmington and Bolton, N.C.
C. F. (Charles F.) Bansemer was a native of Prussia, student at Lutheran Theological Seminary at Lexington, S.C., 1839-1841; pastor, teacher, and principal of academies in South Carolina and North Carolina.
MICROFILM ONLY. Register, 1860-1862, of Barbee's Hotel, High Point, N.C.; register, 1863-1865, of that hotel as a Confederate wayside hospital, listing soldiers' names, complaints, and treatment; and a volume, 1864, from the 2nd North Carolina Hospital at Petersburg, Va., giving names of patients and medicine and diet prescribed.
The collection contains an address delivered by Algernon Barbee at a Methodist Sunday school celebration, Chapel Hill, N.C.
Barkley family of Anderson District, S.C.
The collection includes military records, chiefly 1863-1865, of Benjamin F. Barnard, first lieutenant and quartermaster of the 23rd and the 59th Massachusetts infantry regiments, serving along the coasts of North Carolina and South Carolina and in Virginia, consisting of requisitions, invoices, receipts, reports, and other records.
Barnard was a member of the Gideonites who came to the South Carolina sea islands in 1862 in the Port Royal Experiment to educate freed slaves. He became superintendent of the Edisto Island School. Two letters, 1862, from Barnard in South Carolina to his uncle in Boston, and enclosures in those letters consisting of letters written to Major William Meggett Murray of Edisto Island in 1832 and 1860-1862. Barnard had found the letters to Murray hidden on Murray's plantation. Included among the letters to Murray are two, 1832, concerning a meeting of the State Rights and Free Trade Party of St. Johns Colleton, Charleston District, S.C.; two, 1860, about prospects for a convention in Columbia, S.C., and opposing participation in the presidential nomination process while favoring secession; and one, 1861, from the ordnance office in Charleston to Major Murray, requesting muskets.
Brothers George Washington Barnard (1832-1862) and William C. Barnard (1841-1862) of Camden, N.J., fought on opposite sides in the American Civil War. William C. Barnard was a second lieutenant with the 3rd New Jersey Volunteers, and George Washington Barnard served in the Confederacy. Both died from wounds sustained in battles in 1862.
Albert Barner served in Battery D of the 1st New York Light Artillery Regiment and Company E, 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division of the 175th New York Infantry Regiment during the Civil War. He was honorably discharged and mustered out on 30 June 1865 at Savannah, Ga.
Chiefly financial papers of various Wilson, N.C., residents, some of whom were members of the Carr, Barnes, or Branch families, including estate inventories and papers relating to the hiring of slaves and the renting of land. Also included is some correspondence, 1859, concerning the building and financing of a girls' school in Wilson.
David Alexander Barnes graduated from the University of North Carolina with an A.B. in 1840. He lived at Jackson (Northampton County), N.C., and was a member of the state House of Commons in 1844, 1846, 1850, and of the Convention of 1861. He was a superior court judge from 1865 to 1868 and a university trustee in 1868. In 1873, he married Bettie Vaughan.
Office and other papers, 1910s-1950s, of David Collin Barnes, lawyer of Murfreesboro, N.C. Included are materials relating to Barnes's business and personal affairs. Among the files are some relating to Barnes's service on the Appropriations Committee of the North Carolina State Highway and Public Works Commission in the late 1930s and early 1940s.
Richard T. Barnes (fl. 1861-1865), native of Murfreesboro, N.C., was a Confederate soldier with the Hertford Light Infantry.
Eugene Epperson Barnett was born in Florida and educated at Emory University, Vanderbilt University, and the University of North Carolina.
Mary A. Barnett was a farmer in Pineville, Mecklenburg County, N.C., whose husband, John W. Barnett, was killed in the Civil War. She maintained the family farm for several years after her husband's death.
Joseph Nicholson Barney (fl. 1839-1852) was a United States (and later Confederate) naval officer and native of Maryland. The collection includes a personal diary kept by Barney, containing ship's log entries while he was in Singapore and the East Indies, 1839, on the United States frigate Columbia, and diary and log entries while he was sailing up and down the Atlantic and Pacific coasts of North and South America, 1849-1852, on the U.S.S. Vincennes, with frequent and sometime lengthy stays in port. Diary entries describe in detail his impressions in 1850 of Rio de Janeiro, Guayaquil, Ecuador, various California ports, and other locations, and note social and other daily events and Barney's reflections on self and surroundings.
William Joseph Barnhart was born in Boonville, Mo., in 1923. Barnhart joined the military in 1943, serving in France and Austria for 18 months. Beginning in April 1946, Barnhart attended the University of Tennessee where he received a Bachelor of Arts in 1947 and a Masters of Arts in 1949. He received his Ph.D. from the University of North Carolina in 1955. Barnhart served as dean of Florida Memorial College in Saint Augustine, Fla., and was on the English faculty at Shepherd University in West Virginia. He died in 1978.
George Scarborough Barnsley of Woodlands Plantation, Cass County, Ga., and Sao Paulo, Brazil, was a Confederate soldier, hospital steward, medical student, and assistant surgeon in the 8th Georgia Regiment. He emigrated to Brazil after the Civil War. Members of Barnsley's family included his father, Godfrey Barnsley (1805-1873), his brother, Lucien Barnsley (1840-1892), and his sister, Julia Bernard Barnsley (b. 1836). The collection includes correspondence, reminiscences, scrapbooks, printed pamphlets, and other materials, chiefly 1846-1873, relating to George Barnsley's years at school and at Oglethorpe University, his service during the Civil War, and his emigration to Brazil. Included are letters from Godfrey and Lucien Barnsley and reflections on life in Brazil in the late nineteenth century.
The collection consists of two letters from B. T. Barret to his father, Dr. John S. Barret in Aylett, Va., November 1835. The letters were written while B. T. Barret traveled with enslaved people whom he was transporting from his father's plantation in Ampthill, Va., to Claiborne, Ala., and describe the dismantling of a family whose members were enslaved, relations between the parties, and travel conditions.
Gerald A. Barrett was a professor in the business school of the University of North Carolina in Chapel Hill, an expert in industrial-labor relations, and an arbitrator. Papers of Gerald A. Barrett are mostly files concerning hearings at which Barrett acted as arbitrator between labor unions and companies, mostly in the southeastern United States. Cases involve textile companies, tobacco companies, airlines, chemical companies, and others. Files may contain copies of original grievances, reports of Barrett's findings and decisions, Barrett's expense reports and invoices, correspondence with company and union representatives, and other items. Also included are Barrett's file on his membership in the National Academy of Arbitrators Committee on Professional Responsibility and Grievances, 1980-1983, and a few other letters.
Oliver Roger Barrett (1873-1950) was a lawyer, author, and collector of Chicago, Ill.
Daniel Moreau Barringer of Cabarrus County and Raleigh, N.C., was a lawyer; North Carolina state legislator; United States representative, 1843-1849; minister to Spain, 1849-1853; active Whig and later Democrat; and member of the North Carolina Democratic Party state executive committee, 1860, and chair, 1872.
Two volumes of financial records of the Osmond Barringer Garage Company, an automobile dealership in Charlotte, N.C. Volume 1 contains sales invoices, 4 August 1916-1 March 1926; volume 2 contains an audit report for 1921.
North Carolina lawyer, politician, and Civil War brigadier general Rufus Barringer (1821-1895) was born in Cabarrus County, N.C.; attended the University of North Carolina, from which he was graduated in 1842; represented Cabarrus County in the House of Commons, 1848-1850; was a delegate to the 1875 North Carolina Constitutional Convention; and practiced law in Concord and Charlotte, N.C. He served with the First North Carolina Cavalry and then as commander of North Carolina's cavalry brigade until his capture at Namozine Church, Va., in 1865.
Susanna Elizabeth Barringer (fl. 1784-1788), a native of Ratzeburg, Germany, resided in Dutch Buffalo Creek, Mecklenburg County (now Cabarrus County), N.C.
Victor Clay Barringer was a North Carolina state senator, professor, Confederate soldier, and international legal scholar.
Excerpts, 1818-1824, from a diary of James Barrow (1757-1828), a Baldwin County, Ga., planter; excerpts from his autobiography, written in 1818; and notes on the history of the Barrow family.
Henry W. Barrow was probably a student at the University of Georgia at Athens.
Robert Ruffin Barrow (b. 1798) was a sugar planter and canal operator in Terrebonne Parish, La. Barrow was the son of Bartholomew Barrow (d. 1852), a merchant of Fishing Creek, Halifax County, N.C., and later a planter in West Feliciana Parish, La., where he settled on his estate, Afton Villa, in 1820. The younger Barrow owned six Terrebonne Parish plantations, including Residence, Myrtle Grove, and Caillou Grove, as well as plantations in Lafourche, Assumption, and Ascension parishes and in Texas.
John Alexander Barry served in the Confederate army during the Civil War. After the war he was a wholesale merchant and commissioner in Atlanta, Ga.
J. S. Bartlett was a Confederate soldier in the 1st and 11th North Carolina regiments, serving in North Carolina and Virginia, 1861-1865.
Stephen Chaulker Bartlett (1839-1879) of North Guilford, Conn., was a medical student at Yale University and at United States government hospitals during the first part of the Civil War. He received a commission as assistant surgeon in the United States Navy and was assigned to the steamer Lenapee in 1865.
Savannah, Ga., lawyer, Confederate officer, state legislator, and president of the North Georgia Agricultural College at Dahlonega, 1885-1894. Chiefly letters from William Starr Basinger written during the Civil War while he was a major, 18th Georgia Battalion, Confederate States of America, in Virginia and as a prisoner at Old Capitol Prison and at Johnsons Island, 1865. Also included are letters from Eddie Basinger while hospitalized at City Point, Va., discussing the evacuation of Richmond. Additional materials (on microfilm) include W. S. Basinger's reminiscences, through 1896, of his legal career, Confederate service, and term as president of the North Georgia Agricultural College, along with family historical materials, and seven letters, 1835-1836, from W. E. Basinger (d. 1836) while serving with the United States Army in Florida during the Second Seminole War.
The collection contains correspondence, diaries, and family records, 1833-1863 (chiefly 1847-1863), of the Bassett family of Mercer County, Ill., and Lewis County, Ky. Principal figures in these papers are Isaac Bassett (1791-1863), his sons John Ray Bassett (born 1821) and Isaac Newton Bassett (1825-1920), and Isaac Newton's wife Scienda Moore Bassett (1825-1861). Included is John Ray Bassett's diary, written in Lewis County, 1847-1851, describing his reading in history, literature, and law, and his thoughts on these subjects, and expressing Whig views on current events. Bassett often mentioned floods and business-related Ohio River traffic. A diary of Isaac Bassett, January-October 1863, Lewis County, briefly mentions Civil War activities, locally and elsewhere, and the daily household activities and health of himself and his wife until shortly before his death.
John Y. Bassett (1805-1851) was a physician of Huntsville, Ala. The collection contains letters relating to medical, financial, and family matters of John Y. Bassett and family correspondence of his wife, Isaphoene Thompson Bassett. The correspondence includes letters from editors Theodore Parker and William Gilmore Simms, 1849-1850, criticizing Bassett's article on race ethnology. After her husband's death in 1852, there are letters to Mrs. Bassett from her children, including sons Watkins (died 1862) and Henry Willis. Watkins wrote from Waco, Tex., where he was living with his uncle. Henry joined the Confederate Army and wrote from camps in Mississippi.
Mary E. Bateman lived at Argyle Plantation near Greenville, Washington County, Miss., with her cousin, Margaret Tiedeman Campbell. Her sister was Lavinia Bateman Ball; Lavinia's husband was Dr. Spencer Ball.
Letters, 1835, containing news of family, friends, and slaves, from Batre in Mobile, Ala., to his friend Mrs. J. S. Walker in Tuscaloosa, Ala.
Ship captain Charles Wesley Battie is thought to have been a native of Massachusetts. He married Lizzie Scandlin (1858-1925) and lived with his wife and son, Herbert Scandlin Battie (1884-1942), aboard ship until around 1893, when the family settled in Greensboro, N.C.
The collection documents several generations of the white Battle family of Louisburg, Raleigh, and Chapel Hill, N.C., as well as enslaved people who were claimed in ownership by the Battles or were trafficked to them through hiring of their labor, skills, and knowledge. Early Battle family papers, especially letters of Lucy Martin Plummer Battle (1805-1874), concern many aspects of North Carolina history, including white family relationships with enslaved people and their forced labor, life on the Confederate homefront, and social conditions and race relations during Reconstruction. Letters of William Horn Battle (1802-1879) also describe a wide spectrum of people and events while he served on the North Carolina Supreme Court and traveled primarily to Raleigh and Morganton. There are also materials relating to the Episcopal Church, in which the Battles were active lay members; the Chatham County Railroad; and the University of North Carolina. Kemp Plummer Battle (1831-1919) materials include papers relating to his interest in the early history of North Carolina and of the University of North Carolina; his notes on the secret sessions of the North Carolina convention of 1861; clippings, notes, and drafts of his articles and speeches; a facsimile of his journal while he lived in Chapel Hill and worked as a tutor and studied for the Bar exam, 1851-1853; and correspondence of his family, including his wife Martha Ann Battle and their children. There are also many letters from Cornelia Phillips Spencer (1825-1908), who was related to the Battle family through marriage. Papers of William James Battle (1870-1955), professor of classics and university administrator at Texas and Cincinnati, document family, family history, and personal affairs, but do not include many items relating to his professional career. Volumes are chiefly student notes and personal accounts kept by William James Battle, 1885-1909. There are also images of Battle family members and others.
The collection is a pen and ink map, undated and unascribed, of the Battle of Bethel, 10 June 1861.
Ivan Proctor Battle, born 1880, studied medicine at the University of North Carolina, 1900-1902, before receiving his doctorate from Jefferson Medical College in 1904.
Unrelated letters collected for their autograph value by Jane Battle and a few personal letters to S. Westray Battle. Included are the following: an order, 1693, presumably from King Charles II of Spain, to officials in Mexico; a letter, 1780, from Abner Nash (1740-1786) about North Carolina troops; a letter, 1852, from John Tyler (1790-1862) with comments on current events; a letter, September 1864, from Benjamin Cummings Truman (1835-1916) predicting Sherman's march from Atlanta to Savannah; a letter, 1864, from Brig. Gen. W. L. Quarles, C.S.A., to North Carolina Governor Zebulon B. Vance about the status of officers of North Carolina regiments; a letter, 1866, from Horace Greeley advising against moving to California; a letter, 1865, from Queen Victoria in German; a letter, 1870, from William Dean Howells (1837-1920) about the lecture circuit; a letter, 1909, from Emmeline Pankhurst (1858-1928) briefly discussing her background and the status of the women's suffrage movement; and a letter, 1914, from Gustav Stresemann (1878-1929) about German- American relations. There are also notes from Charles George Gordon (1833- 1885), 1872; Rutherford B. Hayes, 1889; Thomas Nelson Page, 1903; Daniel Webster, undated; Matthew Arnold (1822-1888), undated; Edward Lear (1812- 1888), undated; and George Cruikshank (1792-1878), illustrated with drawings in ink, undated.
Kemp Plummer Battle (1831-1919) of Chapel Hill and Raleigh, N.C., was a lawyer and president of the Chatham Railroad. He was active in state affairs during the Civil War and served as state treasurer and as University of North Carolina president, 1876-1891, and professor of history, 1891-1907.
Lucy Plummer Battle of Raleigh, N.C., and Collier Cobb (1862-1954), professor of geology at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, were married in April 1904.
Leonidas Baugh was editor of the Abingdon, Va., Democrat.
John N. Baughman was a general store owner, tinner, scrivener, and postmaster who lived in Baughman Settlement in Hardy County, W. Va.
Frances Bavier was an actress chiefly remembered for her portrayal of Aunt Bee on the The Andy Griffith Show, which ran from 1960 to 1968 and for which she won an Emmy. Bavier retired in 1970 and, in 1972, moved to Siler City, N.C., where she lived a somewhat reclusive life. She died on 6 December 1989.
The collection contains the will of William Baxter, Rutherford County, N.C., dated 17 November 1845.
Poet Ronald H. Bayes (1932- ), resident of Laurinburg, N.C., began teaching creative writing at St. Andrews Presbyterian College in 1968. Bayes founded the St. Andrews Review and the St. Andrews Press, a magazine and small press dedicated to publishing both established and emerging writers, primarily poets, and created the St. Andrews Writers Forum. He published more than 16 poetry books and wrote reviews, poems, short stories, and a few plays. The collection contains correspondence, writings, and other materials, chiefly documenting Bayes's career as writer, editor, and college teacher. Cochran family correspondence includes letters exchanged by Cochran and Nessly family members, some in Oregon, chiefly about family news. There are also letters, mostly 1969-1972, from poets, Bayes's former students, editors, publishers, professors, friends, and politicians. Several of the letters have poems attached or included in the text. Correspondents include Carolyn Kizer, Dick Bakken, James Laughlin, Sam Ragan, Jo Slatton, Bill Butler, and Fred Parrott. Writings by Bayes, 1948-1999, are poetry chapbook manuscripts, single poems, book reviews, and a few plays and short stories. There are also writings edited by Bayes and writings by others, including poems submitted to Bayes for publication, a play by Romulus Linney, and short stories by Bill Butler. Collected publications include published anthologies and journals, most with contributions from Bayes; a few books, including several relating to Erza Pound; and a few newsletters. Also included are materials relating to the St. Andrews Review, the St. Andrews Press, the St. Andrews Writers Forum, St. Andrews Presbyterian College, and other topics; printed promotional materials, most relating to Bayes's career; clippings, some containing Bayes's writings; photographs; and audio and video recordings of Bayes at various speaking engagements. The addition of March 2023 includes scrapbooks, photographs, audiovisual materials, and unpublished writings and drafts.
John Gayle (1792-1859) was governor of Alabama; his wife was Sarah Ann Haynesworth Gayle; their son-in-law was Thomas L. Bayne (1824-1891), lawyer, of New Orleans, La., and Confederate army officer. Hugh A. Bayne (1870-1954) was a lawyer and Army officer of New Orleans.
Daily records of the extensive and varied agricultural activities and family and neighborhood happenings at Bayside, a large plantation on Bayou Teche (near New Iberia), La., and also, during part of the Civil War, at another plantation on Bayou Mallet, near Opelousas, La. The record was kept by a proprietor, Francis DuBose Richardson, by members of his family, and by various overseers, and discusses crop production and the management of slaves and, after the war, of free labor.
John W. Beal served with the 81st Engineers, 106 Infantry Division, during World War II.
Family of Joseph Hoomes Davis (1809-1879), Methodist minister and educator of Virginia and North Carolina, and Anne Turberville Beale Davis (1809-1894). Principal family members included Robert Beale Davis (1835- 1864), son of Joseph Davis and his first wife, Martha Beale; Richard L.T. Beale (1819-1893), brother of Anne Davis; and the four children of Joseph and Anne, Wilbur Fisk (b. 1839), John W.C. (b. 1840), Olin (b. 1844), and Martha Anne (b. 1846).
George Beale was purser of the S.S. Peacock.
The collection is family correspondence, chiefly 1850s, of the Beall, Harper, and Jones families of Rowan, Davidson, and Caldwell counties, N.C., including letters from students at the following North Carolina schools: Davidson College (Davidson), Edgeworth Female Seminary (Greensboro), Bingham School (Orange County), and St. Mary's School (Raleigh). Also, guardian and other accounts, bills, and receipts.
Amanda Davidson was born at Rural Hill Plantation in Mecklenburg County, N.C., where her father was a planter and developer. In 1875, she married Andrew Jackson Beall and the two moved to Charlotte, N.C. Andrew Jackson (Hick) Beall was born in Murray County, Ga. During the Civil War, he served as a corporal in the Confederate Army and was wounded twice in the Battle of Chickamauga. Beall travelled extensively as a railroad agent. Around 1880, he began work in the sales commission business and later worked for Royal Arcanum, a fraternal insurance organization.
Harold Cranston Beall was the fifth child of William Dixon Beall (b. 1862), a Maryland minister, and Hannah Simpson Beall (b. 1862). He studied engineering at Johns Hopkins University and worked for the Bureau of Public Roads of the U.S. Department of Commerce until he retired in 1963. He lived in Bismarck, N.D.; Pierre, S.D.; and Decatur, Ga. Beall was married to Mary Young of Denton, Tex.
John Bramblett Beall (1833-1917) was born in Carroll County, Ga. At the outbreak of the Civil War, he served in the 19th Georgia Infantry Regiment in the Virginia campaigns in 1861 and was wounded in the hip at Mechanicsville in 1862. During his recovery, he served as conscription officer at Manning, S.C., and tax collector in Carroll County, Ga. In 1864, he was elected major of a battalion of cavalry raised in Carroll and Heard counties. After the war, he served as a judge and edited several newspapers in Georgia, Alabama, and Tennessee. The papers of John Bramblett Beall consist of twelve letters, 1860-1865, addressed to his cousin (later his wife), Mary J. Merrill. The letters discuss various aspects of military life during Beall's service in the Confederate Army during the Civil War, including his time with the 19th Georgia Infantry Regiment and later as a conscription officer in Manning, S.C. Included are second-hand reports of military events, such as Shiloh and Jackson's victory at Winchester, Va., and a discussion of morale among Confederate troops and civilians when Beall was recruiting. The letters refer to aspects of everyday life on the home front in the Confederacy, including the price of food and lodgings in South Carolina.
John Yates Beall (1835-1865), Confederate soldier and acting master in the Confederate Navy. At the outbreak of the Civil War, Beall joined Company G of the 2nd Virginia Volunteers. After accepting a naval appointment in 1863, Beall led a failed attempt to free Confederate prisoners on Johnson's Island in Sandusky Bay, Ohio. He was captured soon after, tried before a Union military commission for espionage and violating the laws of war, and hanged at Governor's Island, N.Y., on 24 February 1865. The papers comprise two volumes, ca. 1865-1899 and ca. 1935-1942, documenting Beall's trial, his time in prison, efforts to free him, and his execution. The volumes contain transcripts of letters by and about Beall, and transcripts of miscellaneous items, including a biographical sketch of Beall; the warrant appointing Beall acting master in the Confederate Navy; his will; notes he made on his final wishes; and a clipping, 1935, regarding the legend of Beall's ghost. One letter from Beall's lawyer describes attempts to free Beall and Beall's last days. Letters written by Beall, who was imprisoned at Fort Lafayette in New York Harbor and at Fort Columbus on Governor's Island during February 1865, proclaim his innocence, communicate his last wishes, and request that his name be cleared. The biographical sketch mentions only briefly Beall's life as a student, a farmer, and a Confederate soldier prior to his trial.
Mary Harper Beall married Robert Beall, likely in 1858.
Jeffery Scott Beam is a white North Carolina poet. The collection includes papers, correspondence, poetry notebooks, publications, event programs and recordings, and other related materials of Jeffery Beam. Correspondence documents his role as an active member in the literary and gay communities. Also included are drafts and publication materials for his published books and files pertaining to his unpublished collections of poetry. There is also correspondence with poets Jonathan Williams, Thomas Meyer, James Broughton, Damon Sauve, editor of Oyster Boy Review, and others.
John Robert Beaman (1813-1892) spent his life in Sampson County, N.C. He married Elizabeth Robinson (1817-1895) in 1837 and built a house in Clinton, N.C. Elizabeth was the daughter of John Robinson (1792-1851), who was involved with a hotel. Both men were involved in the sale and hiring out of slaves, as well as the use of indentured servants. The Beaman and Robinson family papers consist of documentation of legal and financial transactions entered into by John Robert Beaman, John Robinson, or Robinson's agent, John Carroll. Included are indentures; bills of sale for slaves; notices of debts owed or paid; deeds of gift; wills; assessments of property; informal accounting lists; a survey of the Clinton Academy property; and correspondence of a financial nature. There is also a small number of the items relating to individuals with unspecified or unknown connections to either Beaman or Robinson, chiefly I. B. Cox and Charles Harrison.
Jesse S. Bean, of Saint Peter, Minn., served with the 4th Minnesota Infantry Regiment, Company H, during the Civil War.
MICROFILM ONLY. Lists of officers, members, and delegates to annual association meetings; rules of behavior, investigations of members, and excommunication proceedings; minutes of monthly meetings; and other records of the Bear Creek Baptist Church, Chatham County, N.C.
Grace Pierson James Beard managed, by herself, a plantation in Fairfield County, S.C., during the passage of Sherman's army, 1865.
The collection includes diaries of Beattie while serving as judge advocate of the Department of Tennessee, Confederate States of America, and nine volumes, 1883-1917 passim, while a sugar planter, lawyer, and judge in Thibodaux, La.; diary, 1843, of Beattie's mother, recording daily life in Thibodaux and trips to New Orleans; and one volume containing records of land entries in Kentucky in 1780 and memoranda, 1824-1849, of Walker Reid (born 1783) of Kentucky, concerning family history and his religious experiences.
The collection includes scattered daybooks and ledgers for general merchandise sold at Bath, N.C., and Washington, Beaufort County, N.C., and a shipping book from Washington, N.C. Firms represented include Ellison and Marsh, and Boyd's Mill.
The collection is a volume containing a federal registration record kept at Washington, N.C., of ownership, sales, physical characteristics, and other information about ships engaged in coastal trade.
William Beavans, a Confederate soldier from Halifax County, N.C., served with the 1st North Carolina Infantry Regiment, Company I, and with the 43rd North Carolina Infantry Regiment, Company D. He was wounded at Snicker's Gap, Va., on 18 July 1864 and died of his wounds at Winchester, Va., on 31 July 1864.
Sarah G. Beck (fl. 1863-1865) worked with the United States Sanitary Commission during the Civil War. The collection includes passes and letters to Beck relating to her work with the sick and wounded in the United States Army under the auspices of the United States Sanitary Commission in Washington, D.C., Pennsylvania, and North Carolina. One letter is from Edwin McMasters Stanton, Secretary of War.
Members of the Beckwith family include John W. Beckwith (1831-1890), an Episcopal priest in North Carolina, Maryland, Mississippi, Alabama, and Louisiana, and bishop of Georgia; his wife, Ella Brockenbrough Beckwith, and their daughter, Elizabeth Beckwith. The collection consists mostly of Civil War letters from Virginia relatives of Beckwith's wife, Ella; scattered papers of Beckwith as a Confederate chaplain and a volunteer aide to General William Joseph Hardee; and personal correspondence in the 1880s of Beckwith's daughter, Elizabeth.
Edmund Ruffin Beckwith (1890-1949) was a New York City lawyer.
In large part microfilm and photocopies. Family papers of James P. Beckwith of Durham, N.C. Included are letters and other papers, 1789-1869 (microfilm), reflecting the domestic and social life of the Arrington, Heath, Jones, Long, and Williams families, chiefly of Petersburg, Va., and Warrenton, N.C., especially the education of Dr. John Francis Heath (1819-1862) at Harvard University, the University of Berlin (including his journal while there), and the University of Pennsylvania; family Bible records (photocopy) of the family of Hugh Johnson (1762-1810) and Sally (Green) Johnson (1775-1848); genealogy of the Banister-Bolling-Eppes family (photocopy); and commonplace book, 1832-1865, of Mary Kearney (Davis) Williams of Montmorencie, Warrenton, N.C., containing diary entries, religious meditations, and copies of her letters to family members. Also included are the diaries, 1864-1865 and 1870 (microfilm) of Mary J. White of Warrenton, kept at Wilmiington, N.C., in 1864, while waiting with her father, John White, for an opportunity to run the Union blockade, and later at Ingleside, Warrenton, concerning church services and domestic affairs; recollections of General Robert E. Lee's visit to Warrenton, 1869-1870 (microfilm), written in 1934 by Mrs. Mary J. Beckwith; A Short History of the A.E.O.C. (a Harvard University social club), 1835, by Thomas Pinckney Rutledge (1815-1838), edited by James P. Beckwith; and account books, 1925-1961 (6 volumes) of Robert Paine Beckwith (1888-1969), physician of Roanoke Rapids, N.C., who specialized in pediatrics and obstectrics from the 1920s through the 1950s. Marginal notes contain genealogical information about his Halifax and Northampton counties, N.C., and Brunswick County, Va., patients, many of whom were from textile mill families.
During the Civil War, many Confederate states, including Virginia, required slaveholders to contribute slaves to serve in the Confederate Army.
Ledger, 1868, consisting of records of Bedford's work as administrator of the estate of B. W. Bedford Junior, Panola County, Miss., including accounts for provisions advanced to farm laborers, and a summary of transactions, 1866-1868 and 1871.
Harvey E. Beech was born in Kinston, N.C., in 1923. He was a lawyer, philanthropist, and advocate of civil rights. While studying law in the early 1950s, Beech was asked to join a case against the University of North Carolina School of Law. In 1951, after a lengthy court battle, Beech and four other students became the first African Americans admitted to the UNC law school. He graduated in June 1952 and went on to practice law for more than 35 years. Harvey Beech died in August 2005.
Charles Oscar Beers (1834-1910) was the co-founder of the North Carolina Lumber Company, Lake Waccamaw, N.C.
Business records of Beeson Hardware and Lumber Company of High Point, N.C., dating from 1917 to 1931. The store was founded in 1893 by Newell Beeson and purchased by Amos Ragan in 1896. Robert R. Ragan took over store management duties in 1908. The business records document store inventory from 1917 to 1931 with equipment, merchandise, and prices listed. Also present are store account ledgers for 1907 to 1922. Undated indices by customer are present for some ledgers.
Members of the Beggs and Janssen families of New Orleans, La.
Oliver Beirne (fl. 1860-1896) was a landowner of West Virginia and Louisiana and postmaster of Sweet Springs, W. Va. The collection includes business papers, including letters from a business associate, John Echols (1823-1899), and correspondence between Beirne's son-in-law, William Porcher Miles (1822-1899) and Beverly R. Johnston over a lawsuit involving a property dispute with John Smith Preston (1809-1881) of Abingdon, Va. Also included are bills, receipts, financial records, railroad stocks, and papers relating to the management of the Houmas Plantation, Ascension Parish, La.
Robert C. Belden (1811- ) lived in Maryland.
Microfilm of printed almanacs for 1792, 1797, and 1798, with notes on rice planting in Louisiana by Allard Belin.
MICROFILM ONLY. Brief intermittent entries by Bell of New York, later rear admiral, United States Navy, of places visited while a midshipman on Lake Ontario during the War of 1812 and under Stephen Decatur in the Mediterranean; and notes on other voyages along the Atlantic coast of the U.S., and in the Baltic and the Mediterranean. A description of Lord Byron, May 1822, is included.
Indentures, deeds, bonds, and other legal papers, 1738-1841, of Hamon Bell of Camden County, N.C.; letters received by Bell; and Bell family data. Included are items pertaining to the sale and exchange of land and slaves with Caleb Dozier, members of the Sawyer and Lamb families, and Samuel F. Aydelette, and to the settlement of the estates of Alexandria Hastings and others. Letters, 1840-1841, are from Louisa Hastings Berry and her husband, M. R. Berry, of Shelby County, Tenn., giving personal and family news and descriptions of Shelby County social life.
Land grants, deeds, bills, accounts, wills, other business Papers, and some family correspondence of David Coffield (d. 1818?) of Edgecombe County, N.C.; his sons, Spier W. Coffield and John W. Coffield; and their Whitaker, Bellamy, Hall, and other relatives in Edgecombe, Nash, and Halifax counties, N.C. Papers after 1835 are chiefly from the Bellamy family. Included are papers of various estates; papers of Stephen W. Carney (1762-1811) relating to racehorse breeding near Scotland Neck, N.C.; Dr. John F. Bellamy's business papers in Nash County; and a daybook, 1860-1861 (480 p.) of Whitaker, Batchelor & Co., a general mercantile firm in Enfield, N.C.
John Dillard Bellamy (24 March 1853-25 September 1942) was a Democratic congressman, North Carolina legislator, politician, lawyer, and manufacturer. He was born in Wilmington, N.C., the son of Dr. John Dillard Bellamy and Eliza McIlhenny Harriss. He served in the North Carolina Senate, 1891-1892, and in the United States Congress from 1899 to 1903. The collection includes five letters, 1894-1901, to John Dillard Bellamy about politics and business matters; one letter, 1891, written by Bellamy; an 1888 legal form; and an undated advertisement to lawyers from the Trust Department of the Commercial National Bank of Raleigh, N.C.
Marsden Bellamy, of Wilmington, N.C., was a paymaster in the Confederate Navy.
William James Harriss Bellamy was a native of Wilmington, N.C.
The collection contains a photostatic copy of an advertisement from a New York firm for an Iberville Parish, La., sugar plantation, containing a detailed description of the lands, farm, and woodlands, and an architect's drawing of the front and side elevation of the house, with floor plans of the interior.
Thomas Michael Bello (Tommy) was born in Raleigh, N.C. From March 1970 to March 1971, he was the student body president at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. In May 1970, campus life was disrupted by student unrest over the war in Vietnam and specifically the killing of four students at Kent State University. Bello was instrumental in guiding the student body and communicating with the faculty and administration during this time.
Family correspondence of Harriet Armistead Ryan Benbury (1833- 1877), later Harriet Armistead Ryan Benbury Carter, of Edenton, N.C., consisting chiefly of Civil War letters from her husband, John Avery Benbury (1827-1862), captain in the 1st North Carolina Regiment, Confederate States of America, in Virginia, describing battles, casualties, changes of command, and camp conditions; and letters from relatives and friends. Also included is later correspondence of the Benburys' daughter, Emily Benbury (Mrs. Hubert) Haywood, about family history.
George D. Benedict served in Company G of the 1st New York Dragoons during the Civil War. He was married to Sarah Benedict, who lived in Allegany County, N.Y. The 1st New York Dragoons originated as the 130th New York Infantry Regiment in 1862 and became the 1st New York Dragoons in 1863. The unit was mustered out 1865. The collection consists of letters, 1863-1864, from George D. Benedict, a Union soldier serving with the 1st New York Dragoons in Virginia and Maryland, to his wife, Sarah Benedict, at Belvidere, Allegany County, N.Y., and one letter from James Hall to Sarah Benedict telling her that her husband had been severely wounded. Benedict's letters describe military life, including picket duty, food, pay, and health, as well as news of fighting and news about friends.
Hill and Bennett family members include John E. Hill (b. 1836), a shoemaker who served with the Confederacy; his wife, Mary Eugenia Bennett Hill; her father, Risden H. Bennett; and her brothers Samuel Pines Bennett, who served in Clingman's Brigade and was killed in the Battle of Seven Pines in 1865, and Presly Lemuel Bennett, who served in the 2nd North Carolina Infantry Regiment. The Hill family lived in Tiverton, Devonshire, England, and the Bennetts in Wadesboro, Anson County, N.C. John E. Hill settled in North Carolina in the 1850s.
Hugh H. (Hugh Hammond) Bennett (1881-1960), originally from Wadesboro, N.C., was a white soil scientist and conservationist with the United States Department of Agriculture, 1903-1951. This collection contains professional correspondence, photographs, and other materials of Bennett, concerning soil conservation surveys and projects in the western United States, Latin America, South Africa, and the West Indies; the Association of American Geographers, 1943-1945; and Bennett's writings. Also included are a diary, 1949, of a conservation survey trip to France, Italy, Tunisia, and Algeria; technical articles; biographical data; clippings, some arranged into scrapbooks, covering Bennett's life and work, 1935-1955; personal and family correspondence; and genealogical materials. Photographs are of land features; meetings with farmers, including members of the Navajo and Crow nations; community and other public events; and family. There are also films, including one about farm machinery produced by the New Holland Machine Co.
J. Kelly Bennette (fl. 1861-1864) of Wythe County, Va., served with the medical corps, 8th Virginia Cavalry, Confederate States of America.
Confederate Army officer, having served as colonel with the 17th Georgia Volunteers and after as brigadier general of the 15th, 20th, and 2nd Georgia regiments (Toombs' Brigade), 1st Division, Army of Northern Virginia.
Berry Benson (1843-1923) of Hamburg, S.C., was a white Confederate army soldier in the 1st South Carolina Regiment. After the war he lived at Augusta, Ga., where he was a teacher, cotton trader, author, and inventor of a remunerative bookkeeping technique. The collection contains correspondence, writings, notes, American Civil War diary and reminiscences, and other papers of Benson relating to his early life, family history, and Civil War career. Writings include fiction; poetry; plays; humor; and commentary related to the Civil War, including Benson's experiences at the battles of Fredericksburg, Mechanicsville, Cold Harbor, Bull Run, Winchester, Antietam, Chancellorsville, and the Wilderness; his escape from Elmira Prison; manners and mores; and other subjects. Other papers relate to Benson's expertise in handwriting, codes, ciphers, mycology, and other matters. Also included are full diaries from 1880 and 1884 regarding his travels in Mexico, Cuba, and Texas.
The collection is chiefly bills, receipts, and some family correspondence, chiefly 1853-1857, of members of the Benson family, farmers of Alamance County, N.C., Gentryville, Mo., and Arkansas. Also included are gubernatorial election returns for Orange County, N.C., 1838 and 1840.
The Rev. James M. Benson (1853-1919) was a Methodist minister from 1896 or 1897 until his death in 1919. A native of Hyde County, N.C., Benson attended Trinity College and served churches throughout eastern North Carolina.
John Benson was a justice of the peace and militia member of Lake Comfort, Hyde County, N.C.
Bentley Gordon Bentley lived in Hope, N.C., near Windsor, Bertie County.
Nelson Benton (1924-1988) was a native of Danville, Va., and 1949 graduate of the University of North Carolina. Benton was a television and radio news correspondent, who spent most of his career working for various divisions within CBS News, which he joined in 1960. Prior to that, he had worked for WBTV, the CBS television affiliate in Charlotte, N.C.
The collection contains a letter, 6 January 1832, from Daniel Webster to Benton about a disagreement concerning a publication agreement; and a letter of introduction, 1856, from Benton to the American minister in Russia written for Mr. and Mrs. William H. Appleton of New York.
Photocopies of letters, 1830s-1870s, to and from Moses Ashley Curtis, Episcopal priest, teacher, and noted mycologist, who lived in Wilmington, Raleigh, and Hillsborough, N.C., and Society Hill, S.C. These documents were collected by Edmund and Dorothy Smith Berkeley in preparation for their biography of Curtis, published in 1986 as A Yankee Botanist in the Carolinas: the Reverend Moses Ashley Curtis, D.D. (1808- 1872), and were gathered from repositories in the United States and Europe. Many of the letters are grouped together according to where the originals are housed. Letters chiefly relate to Curtis's botanical studies, particularly to his investigations of various kinds of mushrooms.
Rabbi Dr. Sidney M. Berkowitz, originally of Terre Haute, Ind., graduated from the University of Cincinnati in 1933 and from Hebrew Union College in 1936, at which time he was ordained as a rabbi. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Cambridge in 1939. Berkowitz became rabbi of Congregation Sha'arai Shomayim (the Gates of Heaven), Mobile, Ala., in 1940 and volunteered to be a chaplain in the United States Army in 1942, where he served 42 months and was discharged with the rank of Major. Berkowitz became rabbi of Congregation Rodef Sholom, Youngstown, Ohio, where he served until a month before his death. He was committed to interfaith cooperation and had a deep and longstanding friendship with Bishop James W. Malone, who gave the eulogy at Berkowitz's funeral. Berkowitz married Pauline Anderson of England; they had two sons, Roger and R. Laurence.
The Michael Kalen Berkut Papers are a collection of essays that record Berkut's memories of military service during World War II. Berkut wrote about the 325th Glider Infantry Regiment on active duty in North Africa, Italy, the D-Day invasion of Normandy, and the Battle of the Bulge in Netherlands. Also included is a copy of Il Fuhrer in Italia (1938).
Bernard of Petersburg, Va., was a lawyer, active Confederate veteran, and author (compiler and editor) of War Talks of Confederate Veterans, a collection of addresses delivered before the A. P. Hill Camp of Confederate veterans of Petersburg. This collection includes correspondence, reminiscences, and fragments of a historical work by Bernard, chiefly concerning the 12th Virginia Regiment.
Diaries of Overton Bernard and his son, Jesse. Overton Bernard kept his diary while serving as a Methodist minister in Edenton, N.C., 1824, and as a bank employee in Portsmouth, Va., 1858-1863. Entries include description of church work and the progress of the Civil War around Norfolk, Va. Jesse Bernard, lawyer of Alachua County, Fla., kept his diary sporadically from 1856 to 1891. It contains entries relating to local religious affairs, lawyering, visits to Virginia, and the Civil War. There are few entries after 1861.
The Bernhardt-Seagle Company was a family-owned store that operated under the ownership of members of either the Harper or Bernhardt families from 1829 to 2008 in Lenoir, N.C. It sold general merchandise, furniture, household appliances, and hardware.
Edward M. Bernstein, professor of economics at the University of North Carolina, 1935-1940; principal economist for the United States Treasury Department, 1940-1946; assistant to the secretary of the United States Treasury Department, 1946; research director of the International Monetary Fund, 1944-1958; president of EMB (Ltd.) Research Economists, 1958-1981; and guest scholar at the Brookings Institution beginning in 1982. The collection includes reports and other writings on topics in international economics, particularly international finance and monetary policy, by Edward M. Bernstein and EMB (Ltd.) Research Economists; materials concerning the United Nations Monetary and Financial Conference in Bretton Woods, N.H., in 1944, materials about meetings of United States Treasury Department staff, and other materials relating to the establishment and research operations of the International Monetary Fund; some personal papers; and pictures, including pictures of the Bretton Woods conference.
Lawyer, U.S. senator from Georgia, and U.S. attorney general.
MICROFILM ONLY. Travel diary, October 1830-January 1831, of Berry's sister, Francenia Usher; letters, 1839-1843, from Berry's brother, Patrick Usher; and undated physicians' accounts. The travel diary was kept by Francenia Usher on a trip from Emittsburgh, Md., by way of the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers to Fort Jackson, La., to visit her sister, Eliza Usher Berry, wife of William Augustus Berry, a United States Army doctor. Francenia Usher, a Roman Catholic, particularly noted churches, convents, and co-religionists encountered on her trip. The letters from Patrick Usher, were written in Texas and in prison in Mexico to his sister, Eliza Berry, in Wilmington, N.C. Patrick Usher's letters concern conditions and politics in Texas and details of a private invasion of Mexico in 1842.
Born in Hillsborough, N.C., the daughter of John and Mary Strayhorn Berry, Harriet Morehead Berry graduated from the State Normal and Industrial College at Greensboro, N.C., in 1897 and taught school from 1897 to 1901. From 1901 to 1921, she was employed by the State Geological and Economic Survey. During the absence of State Geologist Joseph Hyde Pratt during World War I, Berry acted as director of the Survey. During this period, she also took over Pratt's duties as secretary of the North Carolina Good Roads Association. After losing her job with the Geological and Economic Survey in 1921, Berry became editor of industry and commerce for the Greensboro Daily News, 1922-1924. In 1924, she was a delegate to the Democratic National Convention and was an early supporter of John W. Davis. During 1924 and 1925, she was secretary of the North Carolina Credit Union Association. From 1925 to 1937, she was employed by the State Department of Agriculture as an editor of Market News and director of publicity for credit unions. In 1927, she was appointed state superintendent of credit unions. Bad health forced her resignation in 1937.
Mary E. Strayhorn Berry (died 1934) was the daughter of William F. and Harriet Holden (Nichols) Strayhorn; and niece of Thomas Jackson Strayhorn (1831-1864), member of the Orange Guards, Company G, 27th North Carolina Infantry Regiment, Confederate States of America.
Microfilm copy of typed copy of sketch of Hyde County, N.C., written by Mary Leta Berry before she was graduated from the North Carolina College for Women in spring 1911. The sketch includes information on the county's history, social customs, and other matters.
Mainly the prenuptial correspondence, 1838-1840, of Elizabeth Sprague of Massachusetts and Oliver Arms of Lincoln County, N.C., mentioning climate, finances, crops, religious freedom of slaves, furniture, and selection of a place to settle. Also included are miscellaneous papers of the Berryhill family of Mecklenburg County, N.C.
Walter Reece Berryhill was director of student health services, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, 1933-1941, and dean of the University of North Carolina School of Medicine, 1941-1964.
William Louis Rose Fortune Berson was a jeweler or clockmaker. He was a refugee from Santo Domingo who by 1830 had settled in Franklin, Tenn.
Julia A. Cotten Bethel (fl. 1858-1875) of Thomaston, Ga., was married to Thomas F. Bethel. The collection includes chiefly scattered letters to Julia A. Cotten Bethel from her brother, J. K. Cotten at Powder Springs and Acworth, both in Cobb County, Ga., 1858-1859, 1868, 1870, and 1875; and letters to Julia and Thomas F. Bethel, from her nephew, Joseph A. Cotten, with the 7th Georgia Infantry Regiment at Winchester, Va., and Manassas, Va., June-September 1861. J. K. Cotten wrote about financial difficulties in practicing medicine, about health and activities of family members, and about spiritual yearnings. Joseph Cotten wrote of conditions in camp and battle, especially at the First Battle of Bull Run. Also included are a few other family letters.
The collection is the personal diary of Mary Jeffreys Bethell of Rockingham County, N.C. The first part of the book contains short reminiscences of her immediate family. After her marriage in 1840, the diary contains entries relating to her home, neighborhood, the Methodist Church, constant religious activities including camp-meetings, her children, several of whom died young, and the Torian children, whom she referred to as nieces and nephews, and who lived in the Bethell household for years. There is frequent mention of journeys with her husband to Louisiana, Tennessee, and Arkansas, with the possible intention of moving the family, and her negative reaction to the idea. During the Civil War, there is mention of her sons Willie and George entering the Confederate Army, and of news and visits from them. George, in the 55th Regiment, North Carolina Troops, was captured and imprisoned at Johnsons Island. Mary's husband entered the army in 1864 and she wrote of the difficulties at home after he left, including the departure of slaves. There are also reports of rumors and news of the fighting. After the war there are references to social conditions, difficulties with servants, etc.
Letters received by Betton, African American vice president of the National Agricultural Workers Union at St. Louis, Mo., from Harry Leland Mitchell and others, concerning the Southern Tenant Farmers Union and its successor organizations, and related printed material.
A. D. Betts was a minister of the North Carolina Conference, Methodist Episcopal Church, South, and Confederate chaplain.
Doris Betts (1932-2012) was a white North Carolina author and Alumni Distinguished Professor of English at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. The collection consists of correspondence, manuscripts, printed material, speeches, audio recordings, video recordings, photographs, and other materials. The bulk of Betts's correspondence is with editors, publishers, other college English professors, and literary organizations, although there are also some personal letters. Among these are personal letters from Doris Betts to Louise Abbot, friend and writer from Louisville, Ga., with reflections on the births of her three children, her writing career, books read, day-to-day life, and the illness and death of her husband. Manuscript materials by Betts are extensive, and typically include drafts; galleys; various publishing states, chiefly the printed literary journals and anthologies in which her writings appeared; reviews; and publicity. Betts is best known for her novels and short stories, but her archive also includes a significant collection of reviews and articles published in newspapers, newsletters, scholarly journals, popular magazines, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill publications, and other periodicals. Besides Betts's writing, there are also reviews, literary criticism, and bibliographies of her work; interviews and other articles about her; materials relating to awards she received; and publicity for speaking engagements and other literary programs in which she participated. In some cases, the text and/or audio and/or video recordings of the speeches she gave at these events are included. Other audio and video recordings include radio programs featuring Betts, such as the Storylines Southeast series. Betts's participation in various programs and committees at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill is also documented. Other materials include photographs of Betts; letters from Anne Beatty to her parents about her Peace Corps experiences in Nepal; and family history materials and writings. The additions consist of speeches and programs, correspondence with Joseph Flora, printed materials, and annotated drafts and books.
Microfilm of typescript of Recollections of the Spratt Family by Thomas D. Spratt, Fort Mill, S.C., 1875, including Spratt, Polk, Barnett, McNeal, and related families in Mecklenburg County, N.C., and upper South Carolina; and Some Extracts of Revolutionary Interest in Upper South Carolina Taken From Memoirs, Tradition, and History of Rocky Mount and Vicinity, by L. M. Ford, undated.
The family papers collected by William H. Biggers, M.D., of Atlanta, Ga., include an 1843 record of an enslaved thirteen-year-old girl named Minto, an 1849 note certifying a local preacher for the Methodist Episcopal Church South; an 1852 receipt; Confederate money; photocopies and reprints of photographs and a scientific paper relating to a solar eclipse viewing party in Wadesboro, N.C., in May 1900; and time tables, 1945-1946 and 1962, for Seaboard Air Line Railroad Company.
The collection of white lawyer, judge, legislator, and United States Senator from North Carolina, Asa Biggs (1811-1878), contains an 1857 biographical sketch of Biggs, possibly written by Cushing B. Hassell; photocopy of a travel diary (7 p.) kept by Biggs on a trip from Williamston N.C., to Ocracoke, N.C., in 1832; and family history and biographical materials, including Some Bible and Cemetery Records of the Asa Biggs Family, compiled by Edwin R. MacKethan III in July 2003.
Martin County, N.C., was established 14 March 1774.
Herman Biggs (1832-1887) was a United States Army officer and native of New Jersey. The collection includes Civil War military papers of Biggs as chief quartermaster of the Department of North Carolina and Virginia, including telegrams received, many from Ambrose Everett Burnside, and two letterpress copy books of outgoing official messages. Also included are some personal letters and an album with photographs of more than 100 federal officers.
James Crawford Biggs was an attorney in various North Carolina locations, 1894-1933 and 1935-1950; solicitor general of the United States, 1933-1935; and federally-appointed trustee for the Wheeling and Lake Erie Railroad Company.
Joseph W. Bigham and John Bigham were brothers from Mississippi who served with the Confederate Army.
Bill of sale for Bill, an enslaved person 17 years of age, who was trafficked by Weeks Parker to John W. Suttle in Philadelphia County, Pa., 24 July 1839. Bill is described as being of mixed race. The sale was witnessed by Silas Wright and W. C. Henry. Attached to the bill of sale is a political cartoon, circa 1861-1865, depicting enslaved people escaping to Union forces at Fort Monroe, Va., during the Civil War.
Bill of sale for Ester, an enslaved girl of 16 years of age, who on 1 January 1850 was trafficked through sale by William L. Perkins to A. W. Marshall in North Carolina. J. N. Pearce signed as witness to the sale.
Bill of sale for Sam, an enslaved person of 20 years of age, who was trafficked by John A. Watkins to Mumford D. Watkins, in Anson County, N.C., 11 January 1841. The sale was witnessed by G. D. Boggan.
John Houston Bills was a Tennessee planter who was active in the Democratic Party, the Freemasons, a temperance society, and was a friend of President James K. Polk (1795-1849).
The collection includes letters exchanged between John Billups (fl. 1845), Deerbrook, Noxubee County, Miss., and Sarah M. Phinizy (fl. 1845-1859), his fiancee (later his wife) of Athens, Ga., discussing their courtship and upcoming marriage; and a letter of 6 June 1859 from Sarah in Philadelphia, Pa., to Joe Billups (fl. 1859), then her brother-in-law, discussing the care of her family during her absence.
The Bingham Military School (originally the Bingham School) was located near Mebane Station, N.C., 1865-1891, and moved to Asheville, N.C., in 1891. Robert Bingham was superintendent from 1873 to 1920.
Robert Bingham (1838-1927) of Hillsborough, N.C., was a captain in the 44th North Carolina Regiment, Confederate States of America. The collection includes two volumes of a diary Bingham kept, 1863-1864, while he was a prisoner at Norfolk, Va., Fort Delaware, Johnson's Island, Ohio, and Point Lookout, Md.; and a letter, 14 March 1923, from him to his granddaughter, Henrietta Bingham, describing his Civil War experiences in Virginia, his capture, and his imprisonment. The diary, marked intended only for my wife, records thoughts Bingham hesitated to put into letters to his wife. The diary describes prison life, including quarters, gambling, work, escape plots, sermons, food, illness, and hospitals at various prison camps. Included are descriptions of the trip from Johnson's Island to Point Lookout; of Bingham's work making chairs and gold and silver rings, needles, and buttons; of his exchange of books with other inmates and guards; and of rumors, including rumors of cessation of prison exchanges, return of North Carolina to the Union, and Confederate privates signing oaths of allegiance.
The collection is a letter from D. G. Conrad, Scuppernong, N.C., to F. W. Bird, discussing native wine and asking for election news.
Diary, photocopy, circa 90 p., of Henry A. Birdsall with the 11th Michigan Cavalry Regiment chiefly in Virginia and western North Carolina. Birdsall wrote almost daily entries from 1 January 1865, when he was stationed near Lexington, Va., until 29 July 1865, when he was on his way home, having been discharged on 19 July. Entries average a few sentences in length and discuss Birdsall's work with muster rolls and payrolls, troop movements, and general military life. Entries beginning in March 1865 describe the 11th Michigan Cavalry's journey through western North Carolina and include detials of several skirmishes with remnants of Confederate troops. On 24 April 1865, Birdsall noted the assassination of Abraham Lincoln, which ..caused considerable excitement among the soldiers. They feel more like fighting than ever. Also included are a few pages listing expenditures and letters written and some pages of miscellaneous scribblings, including a Love Letter and a poem entitled Woman.
Alice McLellan Birney (1859-1907) of Marietta, Ga., was the founder of the National Congress of Mothers (later known as the National Congress of Parents and Teachers).
William Birnie (fl. 1842-1864) was a Charleston, S.C., merchant and president of the Bank of South Carolina. The collection includes letters, 1842-1864, to Birnie, from members of the Birnie and Ferguson families, mostly in Aberdeen, Scotland, about family affairs, commerce, economic conditions, and current events; letters from American relatives which contain information about life and industries in Charleston, S.C., in the early 1800s, railroad enterprises, and agricultural trade; and letters, 1862-1864, to Birnie in Greenville, S.C., from his nephews, who were managing his affairs in Charleston.
Catherine Ward Bishir (1942-) is a white architectural historian and historic preservation planner, chiefly working under the auspices of the North Carolina Division of Archives and History. Materials, circa 1976-1990, relating to Bishir's publications, most of which concern architectural history, architects, and historic preservation, particularly in North Carolina. Most items pertain to North Carolina Architecture (with Tim Buchman, 1990); guides to the historic architecture of eastern, piedmont, and western North Carolina (with Michael T. Southern and Jennifer F. Martin, 1996, 1999, 2003); or Architects and Builders in North Carolina: A History of the Practice of Building (with Charlotte V. Brown, Carl R. Lounsbury, and Ernest H. Wood III, 1990). Included are letters, financial and legal materials, notes, publicity materials, and background research files. Also included are a number of Bishir's shorter works on architecture and historic preservation, as well as a few files relating to meetings and conferences of several professional organizations in which she has been active.
Edwin Bjorkman (1866-1951) was a Swedish-American literary critic, translator, newspaperman, and author, and, from 1925, a resident of North Carolina. The collection includes literary, personal, and business correspondence, chiefly from 1907, writings and collected writings, of Edwin Bjorkman. His correspondence is divided into two series: Professional (literary), and Personal. The Professional series includes letters from many significant twentieth century authors, including Zoe Akins, Van Wyck Brooks, James Branch Cabell, Olive Tilford Dargan, John Galsworthy, Francis Grierson, Archibald Henderson, Henry Goddard Leach, William Lyon Phelps, Upton Sinclair, Freeman Tilden, and Allan Eugene Updegraff. Topics include Bjorkman's work as a translator of Swedish literature and drama, his World War I experiences in Sweden as an employee of the British Department of Information and the American Committee on Public Information, and his work in North Carolina as literary editor of the Asheville Times newspaper and, after 1935, as director of the North Carolina Federal Writers' Project. The Personal series consists of correspondence of and writings of Bjorkman's family, including his four wives. The bulk of the papers consists of Bjorkman's writings and collected manuscripts, clippings, photographs, and miscellaneous items.
Members of the Black family lived in Virginia, Louisiana, and Mississippi. The collection contains correspondence and letters, business papers, newspaper clippings, Confederate army records, notes, genealogical material, and other papers related to the Black family. There are frequent gaps in dates. Earlier papers are business and family letters of David Black, merchant ship captain of Alexandria, Va., including five letters, 1833-1848, from relatives in Scotland, who were linen weavers, discussing labor conditions and politics. The bulk of the papers regard the financial affairs of Robert Martin of Erwinton, S.C., and his Erwin relatives in the 1840s and after the Civil War. There also are business letters of U. M. Robert of Albany, Ga.
Archibald Ray Black (died 1889) was a graduate of the University of North Carolina, 1853; teacher; county superintendent of public instruction; and sheriff of New Hanover County, N.C. He also acted as the administrator for the estate of his father-in-law, James McDuffee.
James Conquest Cross Black (1842-1928) of Kentucky was a Confederate soldier in the 9th Kentucky Calvary Regiment, lawyer, state legislator, and United States representative of Augusta, Ga.
Collection of Lewis Black, a white Jewish actor and author best known for his stand-up comedy on television shows such as The Daily Show and Lewis Black's Root of All Evil. This collection primarily documents Black’s work as a playwright from the 1970s through 2000s, with some earlier materials documenting Black's high school and college days, including performances in Chapel Hill, N.C. Other materials document his stand-up comedy, films, and television appearances. The collection primarily includes drafts, scripts, notes, press and publicity materials, scrapbooks, and audiovisual materials. Materials pertaining to educational projects from Baltimore Public Television and the 52nd Street Project are also included.
Microfilm of typed transcriptions. Papers of and pertaining to residents of Hardeman County, Tenn., chiefly antebellum. Among the items are thirty letters, 1821-1832, received by David Woods from his parents in Orange County, N.C., concerning family, social, and economic news; a diary, 1862-1863, of William J. Rogers of the 13th Tennessee Regiment, Confederate States of America; a memoir of antebellum society; letters, 1851-1853, from Hardeman County people who had moved to Paris, Tex., with personal, crop, and stock news; and other items.
Microfilm copy of tobacco warehouse records, 1816-1817; blacksmith accounts, 1835- 1836; horse stud records, 1844-1864; scattered miscellaneous accounts; and a few family records of George Blackburn, planter of Woodford County, Ky.
Blackford Family Papers document members of the Blackford and Minor families of Virginia, as well as some of the people who were enslaved and manumitted by them. Correspondence consists chiefly of three generations of personal letters containing news of family and friends, but it is also a rich source for their perspectives on politics, slavery, abolition, race, and other topics; correspondence of Mary Berkeley Minor Blackford (1802-1896) with the American Colonization Society and missionaries in Liberia; diplomatic and personal correspondence of William Matthews Blackford as U.S. charge d'affaires in the Republic of New Granada (Bogota, Colombia); and letters written by members of the Blackford family serving in the Confederate Army during the American Civil War and in the armed services in both the First and Second World Wars. There are also a few letters written by enslaved, or formerly enslaved people. Other materials include 2 lists of enslaved people; diaries; photograph albums; the 1852 manuscript "Recipes in the Culinary Art Together with Hints on Housewifery &c."; and family history and genealogical files containing correspondence between family members, clippings, transcriptions and copies of historical documents, family charts, photographs, memoirs, reminiscences, and other narratives. Other items of note are a bill of sale, photograph, and estate papers for Peggy Dean, who was enslaved and later manumitted by the Blackfords; an address in 1837 to Cherokee Indians, Red Clay, E. Tennessee, advising them of the advantages of removal; issues of a newspaper published in Cavalla, West Africa in 1854; and childrens' writings, including a newspaper created by Blackford children. The Ambler, Byrd, Grey, Jacquelin, McClatchey, Mason, Morris, Washington, and Willis families are also represented in the collection, as are several plantations in eastern Virginia and near Tigerville, Louisiana.
B. L. (Benjamin Lewis) Blackford, who was white, worked for a time at an insurance company in Washington, D.C. The collection includes family correspondence of B. L. Blackford, his mother, and his brothers, Charles Minor and Launcelot Minor Blackford, including an 1853 letter from Charles Minor Blackford, a student at the University of Virginia, describing student life and including two diagrams of his room. There are also 4 cartoon drawings about the insurance industry by Blackford.
Chiefly unrelated 19th-century letters from several different states collected by James Baylor Blackford of Richmond, Va. Topics include politics, military affairs, education, travel, migration within the United States, home life, religion, business, and agriculture. Included are letters referring to political events in Missouri, New Hampshire, South Carolina, and North Carolina; preparations for war with Mexico; employment of slaves in Mississippi and discipline of slaves in Texas; the education and social lives of teachers and students in Georgia, Maryland, and North Carolina; travel experiences of visitors to Mississippi, Tennesee, North Carolina, and South Carolina; experiences of men and women who migrated to Kentucky, Mississippi, Alabama, Tennessee, Texas, and California; domestic and family news from people in North Carolina, Kentucky, Maryland, South Carolina, Mississippi, and Virginia; and business and agricultural activities and prospects in Kentucky, Alabama, Mississippi, Tennessee, North Carolina, Texas, and California.
Head of the Episcopal High School for boys in Alexandria, Va., 1870-1913.
Contains research files, interviews, correspondence, photographs, and publicity materials documenting the career of Ann Blackman, a white journalist and author. This collection primarily pertains to Blackman's years as correspondent in Time's Moscow bureau (1987-1990), and her work on the books Seasons of Her Life: A Biography of Madeleine Korbel Albright (Scribner/Simon & Schuster, 1998), The Spy Next Door: The Extraordinary Secret Life of Robert Philip Hanssen, the Most Damaging FBI Agent in U.S. History (Little Brown, 2002), and Wild Rose: Rose O'Neale Greenhow, Civil War Spy (Random House, 2005).
William Cole Blackmer (fl. 1876-1878) of Salisbury, N.C., was a student at Trinity College, Hartford, Conn., 1876 (class of 1878).
Daily records of patients and treatment given by a U.S. Navy surgeon at sea and in various ports, May-September 1845. Blacknall's ship is not identified.
The collection is a blacksmith's ledger, 1833-1835, probably kept by a member of the Sayers family of Williamson County, Tenn., with accounts for horseshoeing, sharpening tools, fixing wagons, and other jobs. Also included are miscellaneous accounts, memoranda, and copies, presumably made at the time they were sent, of letters concerning employment and a family visit from J. K. Sayers of Arrington, Tenn., and J. S. Sayers and others from Williamson County, 1875-1885.
Ruth Blackwelder, North Carolina writer and historian. Materials compiled by Ruth Blackwelder in the process of writing The Age of Orange: Political and Intellectual Leadership in North Carolina, 1752-1861 (1961).
Elizabeth Goodwin Blackwell (fl. 1814-1819) was a resident of Lunenburg County, Va. The collection includes miscellaneous accounts, 1814-1819, of Blackwell with members of her family and with a blacksmith; and other items including two personal notes to Miss Willie Haskins from W. L. Dalby, 1863 and 1865.
Margaret E. Blackwell of Murray's Ferry, S.C., tended the home front while her husband and sons fought in the Civil War. The collection consists primarily of letters, 1861-1865, received by Margaret E. Blackwell from family members in Pontotoc County, Miss., during the Civil War. Letters discuss home front conditions in Mississippi; the occupation of Fort Sumter; the fall of Vicksburg, Miss.; and the battle at Gettysburg, Pa. Members of the Blackwell family serving in the 2nd Mississippi Regiment and their role at Gettysburg are mentioned. Other letters discuss plantation management, and one letter from 1865 describes the treatment, especially medical care, of slaves and freedmen working on family plantations.
The Blackwood family of Orange County, N.C., included Robert P. Blackwood, an engineer for the Southern Railway Company who married Alice M. Craig around 1896. The couple's children included Mattie E. (1889- 1977), Annie, Florence, Vernon, Samuel, and Carl. While the family home appears to have been in Chapel Hill, family members made frequent visits to friends and relatives in Hillsborough and Reidsville, including the Rev. D. Irvin Craig, who was clerk of the Synod of the North Carolina and Orange Presbytery.
Frank P. Blair was a general in the Union Army during the Civil War.
William A. Blair lived in Winston-Salem, N.C.
The Florence Arabella Blaisdell Diary, 1918-1919, was written while on a cross country tour with a traveling theater company that included her son, child actor Billy Blaisdell. Her entries record locations and her impressions of hotels, food, surroundings, and the company's performances of "Pollyanna." Of note are entries for southern towns in which prevailing attitudes about race are recorded.
Joel Clifton Blake (1831-1863) was a planter of Miccosukee, Fla., who was killed at Gettysburg while serving in the Confederate army.
William Kennedy Blake was a teacher in Texas, 1848-1850, and in North Carolina, 1850-1859. He was president of a Methodist women's college in Spartanburg, S.C., from 1859 until shortly after the Civil War. He was a merchant in Spartanburg, S.C., after the Civil War.
John A. (John Augustus) Blakemore (1894-1986) of Washington County, Va., was co-founder and business manager of the White Top Folk Festival, held on White Top Mountain, Grayson County, Va., 1931-1936 and 1938-1939. The festival featured traditional singers, musicians, and dancers.
MICROFILM ONLY. Dean of Medical Department, University of the South. Travel diary, June-October 1881, of Blanc, later a noted physician, on a 102-day trip by railroad and steamer, from his home in New Orleans to Richmond, Va.; Niagara Falls; Montreal; New York City; and Washington, D.C.; returning by way of Georgia.
Elizabeth Amis Cameron Hooper Blanchard (1873-1956), a white author, art collector, and interior decorator, was related by birth and marriage to the Amis, Hooper, Blanchard, and Butterworth families, many members of which are represented in the collection. Materials include Blanchard's personal correspondence, chiefly with her mother Mary Emily ("Mamie") Amis Hooper, and notes, memoranda, diary entries, clippings, pictures, and breeding and racing records, relating to Blanchard's book, The Life and Times of Sir Archie: The Story of America's Greatest Thoroughbred. There are also genealogical materials on the Amis and Dulany families and copies of Amis and Cameron family wills. Family letters of the Amis, Butterworth, and Blanchard families, include letters to and from the four Amis sisters after the death of their mother Sarah Greene Davis Amis in 1852, while they travelled in Europe and lived with their Butterworth relatives in New York and Morristown, N.J.; letters among the Amises and Butterworths after the latter moved, in 1864, to California, where Samuel Butterworth was managing a mine at Almaden; letters from Thomas Amis, who went to live with relatives in Madison Parish, La., in 1870; and correspondence to and from the Blanchards after their marriage when they travelled to Japan, 1906. Also of note are letters from Sarah Greene Davis Amis while she was living on a plantation near Columbus, Miss., in the 1830s and 1840s, to her grandomother in Warrenton, N.C., that document people enslaved by the Amis and Davis families. Additions to the collection include scattered correspondence of Elizabeth Amis Cameron Hooper Blanchard between 1907 and 1954; the expansive memoir of Mary ("Mamie") Emily Amis Hooper, which mentions several enslaved or formerly enslaved people connected to the Amis family and describes enslaved life at Moorfield (Northampton County, N.C.), Little River (Lowndes County, Miss.), and Fortune's Fork (Madison Parish, La.), from the perspective of a white woman; miscellaneous other papers and volumes; and photographs chiefly depicting friends and family members and places visited.
The Lebey, Bland, and Courtenay families lived in Augusta and Savannah, Ga., Jacksonville, Fla., and other locations.
The collection includes the will of James Blount, 1685, of Albemarle County, N.C.; bookplate of F. L. Blount; and a typescript history (2 copies) of the Blount family in North Carolina from the arrival of Sir James Blount in America, about 1662, to 1896.
Blue family members included Malcolm James Blue; his wife, Margaret Monroe Blue (d. 1934); and their seven children. The family lived in Efland, N.C., until Malcolm Blue's death in 1914. Lena Blue (b. 1880) moved to Raeford, N.C. Jane Cameron Blue (b. 1883) and Jean P. Blue (b. 1890) moved to Raleigh, the latter after serving as an army nurse in Brest, France, and Coblenz, Germany. John Wilmer Blue (1892-1934) joined the United States Army in 1917 and served with the American Expeditionary Forces in Siberia. He was killed playing polo at Fort Benning, Ga, in 1934.
Victor Blue (1865-1928) of South Carolina was a United States naval officer from 1887-1919. He served in the United States, Europe, the Caribbean, and Asia, and retired as a rear admiral. This collection contains naval assignment records, reports, letters, telegrams, notes, commissions, expense accounts and memoranda, and other records of Blue. Official naval assignment records constitute the bulk of the material. Personal papers include letters, invitations, calling cards, and photographs. The collection includes reports and reminiscences of an expedition into Cuba during the Spanish-American War; orders during the Boxer rebellion; and a manuscript article about Magdalena Bay, Baja California.
William LeGette Blythe (1900-1993), native of Huntersville, N.C., was the author of several Biblical novels, award-winning biographies of prominent North Carolinians, and symphonic (outdoor) dramas based on the history of Charlotte and Mecklenburg County, N.C. Blythe graduated in 1921 from the University of North Carolina in Chapel Hill, where he was a member of the original Carolina Playmakers and a classmate of Thomas Wolfe. He died in Huntersville in 1993.
Thomas Frederick Boatwright was a lieutenant in the 44th Virginia Infantry Regiment, Confederate States of America. Boatwright was killed at the Battle of Spotsylvania Courthouse in May 1864.
William Haywood Bobbitt was a lawyer who served as resident judge of the 14th judicial district of North Carolina between 1938 and 1954. In 1954, Bobbitt was appointed associate justice of the North Carolina Supreme Court. In 1969, he was promoted to chief justice of the Court. He retired in 1974.
Willis P. Bocock was a plantation owner of Marengo County, Alabama.
Papers, bound volumes, and audio recordings related chiefly to white folklorist and professor of Romance Languages at the University of North Carolina, Ralph Steele Boggs (1901-1994), and Dominican folklorist, Edna Garrido de Boggs, careers in folklore. Included is correspondence with folklore scholars in the United States and in Latin America and scrapbook volumes, compiled by Ralph Steele Boggs that contain items documenting his professional life, his family, and post-retirement travel. Also included are manuscript volumes, apparently purchased by Boggs, containing eighteenth-century Spanish plays, one by Antonio Redondo; research materials created and compiled by Edna Garrido de Boggs on Dominican folk music and folklore; and audio recordings containing dubbed 1940s field recordings and commentary by Ralph Steele Boggs on the history of UNC Curriculum in Folklore, which he helped found in 1939.
Robert Lewis Bolton, Baptist minister of New Orleans, La., and Millen, Ga. He married Lizzie Gary Griffith Compton (1882-1964), a nurse from Charlotte, N.C., in 1911. In 1935, Bolton and his family moved to Chapel Hill, N.C., where Lizzie Bolton became a travelling salesperson for The Farmer's Wife, a national magazine.
Members of the Bond family and Fentriss family include Louisa Fentriss Bond, her children, John M. Bond, T. C. Bond, and Sarah P. Bond Harlan, and her father, Frederick Fentriss, of Guilford County, N.C.
Richmond Pugh Bond (1899-1979) was a professor of English at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. The collection is chiefly photocopies of 17th-century and 18th-century British newspapers, journals, and other printed materials used by Bond in his research on American and British printing history. Also included are papers relating to Bond's service as a United States Naval Reserve aviation officer on active duty with the Pacific Fleet during World War II, including military papers and personal correspondence; and materials used by Bond as he prepared his book, Queen Anne's American Kings (1952), about Mohawk Indians in London.
Nine manuscript volumes of recollections written, 1916-1925, by Bondurant, daughter of Rev. James Morrison, Presbyterian minister, describing her childhood in Rockbridge County, Va., and her life as wife and mother in Buckingham County, Va., after her marriage in 1859. Also included is a 24-page manuscript by her husband, Alexander Joseph Bondurant (1836-1910) about his family background and childhood in Virginia, written in 1897, and five miscellaneous Papers, 1864-1919, including the by-laws of Buckingham County agricultural societies.
Jennette E. Bonebrake (fl. 1862-1866) was a resident of Warren County, Ind. The collection includes Civil War letters received by Bonebrake from her brother, Ben F. Bonebrake, and other federal soldiers, including John F. Leonard (1843-1924), serving with the 125th Illinois Regiment in Tennessee, Kentucky, and Georgia. Also included are letters from Martha E. Miller, a friend in Indiana, and photocopies of United States Army pension records of four veterans of the 125th Illinois.
Papers include a contract, 1764, between George Collins and Durham Leigh; a deed, 1795, from Duplin County, N.C.; and a fragment of a deed, undated.
John Henry William Bonitz was a German immigrant who came to Goldsboro, N.C., in 1859. He married Mary Stegner (1845-1921), also a German immigrant, in 1862, and moved to Wilmington, N.C., in 1887. He was proprietor, with his brother Julius, of the Goldsboro, N.C., Messenger and the Wilmington, N.C., Messenger newspapers, a hotel, and a farm.
Herbert Covington Bonner, of Washington, N.C., was a member of the United StatesHouse of Representatives from 1940 until his death in 1965. He was chairman of the House Merchant Marine and Fisheries Committee, 1955-1965, and chairman, 1951-1955, of the Intergovernmental Relations Subcommittee ("watchdog committee") of the Expenditures in the Executive Departments Committee, which made changes designed to eliminate waste in the handling of war surplus material and in military supply procurement. The papers consist of Bonner's office files, dating from November 1940, when he succeeded Lindsay C. Warren as representative from the First North Carolina District, which included, at one time or another, 14 counties of the northeastern corner of the state. In addition to the main chronological series, there are subject- and format-based series. The Rivers and Harbors series, 1940-1965, concerns federally-funded projects, such as channel and harbor improvements, erosion problems, dredging, etc., and the operation of the Dismal Swamp Canal. The Hoover Commission series, January-October 1950, concerns the proposed reorganization of the government that came out of the Commission on Organization of the Executive Branch of the Government. The Bombing Ranges series, 1959-1965, concerns objections to having a weapons range or ranges in northeastern North Carolina. The Political series, 1959-1965, concerns the mechanics of Democratic Party organization and election campaigns. The Community Public Works Programs series, 1962-1965, concerns local public works projects that received federal funds. The National Seashore Park series, 1937-1965, concerns the establishment of a national park that spanned Bodie, Hatteras, and Ocracoke islands, N.C. Also included are private bills, with related papers attached; scrapbooks, 1940-1965; speeches, 1940-1964; photographs, and photocopies of presidential memorabilia, some relating to the inauguration of President John F. Kennedy.
Macon Bonner (born 1836) of Washington, N.C., was a Confederate artillery officer who served in coastal North Carolina.
Elsie H. Booker (1923- ) of Durham County, N.C., is a white collector of antiques, artifacts, and papers of various families. Series 1 Markham, Leigh, and related families: Correspondence, business and legal papers, account books, genealogical information, pictures, and other materials of the Markham, Leigh, and other related families, chiefly of North Carolina. Markham family correspondence includes letters, 1873-1928, from William David Markham of Missouri, the Indian Territory, Texas, and New Mexico, containing information about crop and herd conditions, religion, business, and politics; and letters, 1880s-1900s, mostly from Wake County, N.C., and Bayboro, Ga., concerning Baptists, pregnancy, childbirth, education, deaths, and other matters. Also included are records relating to enslaved people; legal documents, 1867-1869, pertaining to the bankruptcy proceedings of Elizabeth C. Yancey of Chapel Hill and Durham, N.C.; post cards, 1907, picturing men hanged in Durham; scrapbooks of materials collected by Harold Cole Markham, while he was a high school student in Durham, N.C., and during his World War II tour of duty in the United States and Europe; photographs, collectors' cards, and prints, circa 1935-1945, relating to Adolf Hitler, the German military, and scenes in Europe during World War II; and ballads. Series 2 Durham and Lloyd families: Documents relating to the Lloyd and Durham families of Chapel Hill, N.C., include a teacher's application, 1900, for a position at a black public school, probably in Orange County, N.C.; an extensive series of love letters, 1941-1942, discussing dating, high school, and other topics of concern to teenagers; and a labor payroll schedule, 1947-1948, for state roadway construction work in Granville County, N.C. There are also twenty merchant's account books, 1884-1928, many of which probably belonged to W. A. Lloyd, and a diary, 1934-1938, documenting work on a roadway construction crew in piedmont and western North Carolina. Series 3. Abernathy, Blackwood, and other families: Items relating to the Abernathy, Blackwood, Moore, Peeler, Shepherd, Steele, and other unrelated families consist of private letters, business and legal materials, pictures, and other materials chiefly from North Carolina, with some items from Virginia and Pennsylvania. Correspondence covers such topics as family and social life, church meetings and religious revivals, farming and other work, elementary and higher education, military and home life during World War I, and the enjoyment of phonograph records and motion pictures. Also included are court documents, circa 1795, concerning a lawsuit involving the University of North Carolina; a Confederate parole record; and other items. Series 4. Pope, Hudson, and related families papers, 1884-1948: Chiefly private letters and scrapbooks of Elsie Hudson Booker and of other members of the Pope, Hudson, and related families of Durham, N.C. Of particular interest are 43 letters, 1914-1918, from Edna Pearl Pope to her future husband W. Curtis Hudson, discussing school, church, visiting, dating, movies, and other topics; more than 650 letters, 1938-1947, to Elsie Hudson from servicemen pen pals stationed in the European and Pacific theaters and stateside during World War II, including letters from Hudson's fiancee Marine Corps Pvt. Arnold Ellis of Durham, who was killed on Saipan Island in June 1944; and scrapbooks, 1939-1948, belonging to Elsie Hudson Booker, which contain letters, newspaper clippings, photographs, cards, souvenirs, and other miscellaneous items concerning her high school years, her undergraduate experience at the University of North Carolina, the death of her fiancee, and the birth of her son Curtis Booker.
The collection consists of a land grant, 28 June 1762, from the Earl of Granville to Daniel Booth of Orange County, N.C.
Borden family of North Carolina and Lacy family of North Carolina, Virginia, and Washington, D.C. Family members worked in businesses, such as Southern Cotton Oil Co. and Borden Manufacturing Co. in Goldsboro, N.C., and as Presbyterian missionaries in China. Correspondence, scrapbooks, pictures, and other items of the Borden and Lacy families. Included is correspondence, chiefly 1880s-1940s, relating to family and Presbyterian Church matters. Also included are letters and other materials relating to Sallie McGavock Lacy's work, 1910- 1923, with the Southern Presbyterian Mission in China. There are also scrapbooks of newspaper clippings about world and family affairs, books of postcards from around the world, and genealogical materials about the Borden and Lacy families and also the Smith, Wissler, and Jones families to which they were related. The Addition of September 2018 includes letters from Captain William L. "Nick" Palmer, a UNC-Chapel Hill alum, to the family of Dana Lacy, written while serving in the Vietnam War during 1969-1970, and other materials related to Palmer.
The collection of the Borden, Broadhurst, and Taylor families of Wayne and Johnston Counties, N.C., contains correspondence, typed transcriptions of handwritten letters in the collection, and miscellaneous papers of the three related white families. The majority of correspondence dates from the first half of the twentieth century and includes letters sent from family members serving in the military during the Second World War and the Vietnam War. Primary correspondents are Mabel Borden Broadhurst (1876-1969), her son Edwin Borden Broadhurst (1915-1965), who served in the United States Army Air Corps and later the Air Force, and her daughter Ellen Broadhurst Taylor (1913-2000), who assembled this collection and transcribed most of the correspondence. Mabel Borden Broadhurst's correspondence includes letters exchanged with members of the Weil family of Goldsboro, N.C., including Jewish American suffragist and social activist Gertrude Weil. Letters from Edwin Borden Broadhurst were written from the Citadel where he attended school for a year, from the United States Military Academy where he graduated in 1937, and from various locations where he was stationed with the Air Force including the Pacific theater during World War II. Ellen Broadhurst Taylor's correspondence includes letters from her son Jack Taylor, an officer in the United States Air Force during the Vietnam War. Other papers pertain chiefly to Ellen Broadhurst Taylor's civic activities, garden society memberships, and interest in environmental protection, and to Edwin Borden Broadhurst's military career and tributes on the occasion of his death including U.S. Senator Sam Ervin's statement which was read into the Congressional record. Also included are documents related to Jack Taylor's military service and to the estates of Mabel Borden Broadhurst's father Edwin Borden (1831-1918) and her husband businessman Jack Johnson Broadhurst (1873-1939).
Edwin B. Borden was president of the Bank of New Hanover in Goldsboro, N.C., in the 1880s and 1890s and president of the Bank of Wayne in Goldsboro, N.C., in the early 1900s. He was married to Ella Lambert Borden, originally of Richmond, Va.
Letters from officers of southern colleges and universities answering an inquiry about the status of graduate education in the South, graduate study by blacks, and southerners educated in Europe before 1900. These letters were solicited as part of Borgognoni (also known as Mary Bynum Holmes Ricks) research for her doctoral thesis, A History of Graduate Work in the South.
MICROFILM ONLY. Records of several generations of the Anderson family, physicians and planters near Stateburg, S.C., chiefly their account books containing records of physicians' fees, planting, advances to freedmen, estates, and lumber. Also included are a diary, 1853-1857, of John Benjamin Anderson at Stateburg; Stateburg tavern accounts, 1834-1838; plantation records of Samuel Porcher Gaillard, 1863-1868; minutes of the Stateburg Democratic Club, 1890-1910; and a letterbook of Col. Thomas Childs (1796-1853) of Massachusetts as U.S. military governor of Puebla, Mexico, 1848.
Papers and audio recordings on the Brown Lung Association (BLA) compiled by white author and political science professor, Robert E. Botsch. The majority of the materials relate to Botsch's 1993 publication, Organizing the Breathless: Cotton Dust, Southern Politics, and the Brown Lung Association, which recounts the history of the BLA and the organizing efforts of textile workers in the Southeastern United States in the 1970s. Papers consist of newsletters, meeting agendas, pamphlets, and other materials produced by the BLA and related organizations, as well as Botsch's personal research files, including clippings, notes, and correspondence related to grassroots organizing efforts and the organizational, legal, and financial activities of the BLA. Topics include recruitment, fundraising, dust standards, and workers' compensation. Audio recordings consist of interviews conducted by Botsch with politicians and BLA organizers, as well as recordings from a 1982 symposium on "Cotton Dust Standards".
Albert Pike Bourland (1861-1927) was a professor at George Peabody College for Teachers, Nashville, Tenn., and executive of various education foundations. The collection includes miscellaneous papers of Bourland, including social letters from other educators and friends; papers concerning arrangements with Peabody College for leave to study in Leipzig, Germany, 1907-1909; a few items relating to Bourland's stay in Leipzig; personal financial papers; and other scattered items.
The collection contains miscellaneous papers of Benjamin Franklin Boushelle, including a brief essay on the virtues of home; a Bible containing family records; and a poem commemorating the days of his youth at the Academy, Chapel Hill, N.C., 1845-1850.
Nathaniel Fleming Bowe (1810-1875) was a Richmond, Va., tobacco merchant.
The Southall, Bowen, Wheeler, Moore, and Peebles families resided in Lowndes County, Miss.; Northampton County, N.C.; Hertford County, N.C.; Denver, Colo.; Norfolk, Va.; Wayne County, Mich.; Ramsey County, Minn.; and Bulloch County, Ga. The collection contains the family correspondence and other papers of these families. Included are mostly brief and routine family letters, 1846-1860; affectionate letters during the Civil War between sisters in Columbus, Miss., and Hertford County, N.C., about family and community affairs and their teaching careers; letters from Confederate soldiers in many places, especially Wilmington, N.C., 1863-1864; and letters from Thomas L. Moore, officer on the C.S.S. Florida. Also included are letters written by family members about their lives and careers, including the work of William Cornelius (Neil) Bowen (died 1912), lawyer of Jackson, N.C., and Denver, Colo.; Episcopal Church affairs; community matters; and family activities and household management. Among the later papers are letters, 1890s, from students at St. Mary's School in Raleigh, N.C. There are also diaries of Sarah Clifton Southall of Columbus, Miss., 1859-1860; of Emily Bland Southall of Jackson, N.C., 1862, including a detailed description of the federal invasion of North Carolina; and of Julia M. Southall, 1862- 1876, written while she was teaching in Columbus, Miss., at Wesleyan Female College in Murfreesboro, N.C., and in West Point, N.Y., and including her reflections on teaching.
George W. Bowen, musical director and later drum major of the Drum Corps, 1st North Carolina Heavy Artillery (African Descent), United States Army, during the Civil War. The volume was printed as a diary for 1864, with three days per page. Bowen kept daily entries, 1 January-8 May, 24 June-8 August, and 11-23 September 1864. At the end, five entries from April and May 1863 appear. During most of this period, Bowen and his regiment were encamped in Washington, N.C., but, in late April 1864, they moved north towards Richmond, Va. Between 1871 and 1881, Bowen used the diary for miscellaneous notes and calculations. War-time entries describe Drum Corps practices; monitoring and fighting Confederates; the regiment's social life in Washington, N.C.; the move into Virginia; and a furlough to Pennsylvania. Included are lists of letters send and received, clothing and its cost, instruments for a band, and a financial account. The notes from later in his life include, among other things, several songs and recipes, measurements for shoes, and the amounts due from his boarders.
James G. Bowen (fl. 1847-1875) resided in Beaufort County, N.C., and acted as administrator of the estates of Thomas B. Latham and Zachariah Boyd.
Thomas Contee Bowie lived in Tensas Parish, La., between 1857 and 1877, during which time he kept bee hives and operated a cotton gin.
James Cloyd Bowman (1880-1961) was a native of Ohio, English professor in Iowa and Michigan, and an author of children's literature. The collection includes typescripts of The Adventures of Paul Bunyan and of eleven volumes of unpublished poems and fiction by Bowman.
The Old Hickory Council of the Boy Scouts of America grew from a single troop organized at Fairview Moravian Church in Winston-Salem, N.C., in 1911. The council operated Camp Raven Knob beginning in the 1950s. The collection consists of records, beginning in 1912, of the Old Hickory Council of the Boy Scouts of America. Included are letters, meeting minutes, reports, financial materials, clippings, training materials, membership lists, photographs, newsletters, pamphlets, and other items. Documentation is uneven; for some years, there are many informative letters, reports, and other materials, while other years are represented by only a few relatively minor items. Some items relate to scouting activities during World War I and World War II; many items document the planning and operation of camping sites, especially, beginning in the 1950s, Camp Raven Knob. Also included are photocopies of two 1964 documents relating to integration of the Council's troops; a videotape version of a 1955 film about Camp Raven Knob; and two audiotaped interviews, 1976 and 1982, with scout leaders; two photographs of African-American scouts associated with Mount Zion Baptist Church, Winston-Salem, N.C., 1944-1950s; and a CD of photographs entitled Wahissa and CRK Images Vol. 1, 1500+ Photos, 1970s-1990s.
William Henry Boyce of Bangor, Me., served in the United States army during the Civil War.
Boyd family of Warrenton, N.C., and the related Burwell, Massenburg, Norwood, Davis, and other families. Family members include William Henry Burwell (d. 1917); planter John Early Boyd (1812-1883) and his wife, Ann Bignall Jones Boyd (1816-1882); and their son, lawyer Henry Armistead Boyd (1855-1929) and his wife, Elizabeth Massenburg Norwood Boyd (1863-1944).
Bernard Henry Boyd (1910-1975), professor of religion at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1950-1975, was recognized as an inspiring teacher and interdenominational leader. He was particularly interested in Biblical archaeology and led summer archeological expeditions in Israel.
David French Boyd (1834-1899) was an officer in the Confederate Army. The collection is a typed transcription of a letter, 7 April 1864, from David French Boyd while a prisoner of war on a Union boat moored in Alexandria, La., to his friend General William T. Sherman concerning treatment Boyd received in New Orleans, La., and Boyd's views of the war and the South.
George W. Boyd (fl. 1832) was an agent of the New Potosi Company of New York, N.Y. The collection includes a letter from Boyd to his superior at the New Potosi Company, Richard Ray Ward, concerning gold properties he had examined in Georgia and the alleged efforts of two members of the firm in Georgia to deceive Boyd and defraud the company.
James Boyd (1888-1944) was an American author and journalist.
John Boyd was born in County Antrim, Northern Ireland, on 18 February 1783, and died on 30 July 1858 at his plantation, Oak Grove. He owned a plantation on Bayou Lettsworth in Pointe Coupee Parish, La., which may or may not have been this Oak Grove. He may also have owned property near Donaldsonville, La. One of his daughters, Margaret Bruce, married Col. Henry T. Williams of Montgomery County, Md., and the Williams's daughter, Clara D., married Lt. Edward D. Seghers of the Confederate Army.
The collection documents the education and career of James Alexander Boyer (1909-1998), an African American educator, professor of English, dean of the College, and College president at St. Augustine's College of Raleigh, N.C., and his father, Charles Henry Boyer (1869-1942), who also was an African American educator and dean at St. Augustine's College. It contains scattered records and publications of St. Augustine's College, including histories and speeches, and materials relating to the work of James Alexander Boyer and the Educational Leadership and Human Relations Center to ameliorate the problems of desegregation of public education in North Carolina during the late 1960s. Other materials document James Alexander Boyer's intellectual interests; his service on the "slaveship" S.S. Naushon steamship and as a literacy remediation instructor in the U.S. Navy during World War II; and Boyer family history, including their friendship with Bessie and Sadie Delany. Audio tapes include discussions about prominent African American political figures and a 1997 conversation involving Boyer and others about the history of college athletics at St. Augustine's.
The Boykin family of Camden, S.C., included Alexander Hamilton Boykin (1815-1866), cotton planter, state legislator, and Confederate officer. The collection includes family, business, and military papers of Boykin family members, chiefly 1830s through 1862. Much of this material is correspondence and accounts with Reeder & DeSaussure, Charleston cotton factors, regarding cotton produced at the Plane Hill, the Boykin family plantation near Camden; bills of sale for land and slaves; legal papers; and correspondence among members of the Boykin and DeSaussure families, including Alexander Hamilton Boykin's wife, Sarah Jones DeSaussure Boykin (fl. 1835-1866) and his son, Alexander Hamilton Boykin, Jr. (1846-1923). There is also Civil War military material pertaining to Boykin's Rangers, which became Company A of the Second South Carolina Cavalry and which Boykin commanded in Virginia, 1861-1862. Items relating to Boykin family genealogy are also included.
Francis A. Boyle (1838-1907) of Plymouth, N.C., was an officer in the 32nd North Carolina Infantry Regiment who was captured and sent to Point Lookout, Md., May 1864. He was subsequently transferred to Fort Delaware, Del., June 1864, where he became involved in the Christian Association of Confederate Prisoners, later called Confederate States Christian Association for the Relief of Prisoner.
Charles William Bradbury was an insurance agent of New Orleans, La. Other members of the Bradbury family were of Manlius and Canandaigua, N.Y.; Cincinnati and Montgomery, Ohio; Madison, Ind.; and New Orleans, La. Besides Charles, family members represented include Jacob Bradbury (fl. 1817-1825); Cornelius S. Bradbury (fl. 1818-1848); Elizabth A. Bradbury (fl. 1817-1825); and Charles's wife, Sarah (fl. 1821-1844). Charles's mistress, Madaline Selima Edwards (fl. 1843-1848), is also represented.
Malcolm Bradfield, son of John W. and Bessie Davidson Bradfield, was raised in Charlotte, N.C.
Henry Bradford (fl. 1804-1811) of Halifax County, N.C., was the son of John Bradford (d. 1786?) and presumably a Methodist minister.
Records, correspondence, and printed material related to the involvement of white environmentalist J. W. Bradley with Save Our Cumberland Mountains (SOCM), an organization founded to support community issues arising from the increase in strip mining in Eastern Tennessee during the 1970s and 1980s. Materials in the collection include correspondence, legal documents, and printed material related to the issues of strip mining, truck weights, taxes, mining regulation, water pollution, and land equalization. Also included are copies of testimonies given by J. W. Bradley and Neil McBride to congressional committees; SOCM reports; and publications and correspondence from organizations including the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA), Coal Creek Mining Manufacturing Company, and Beech Grove Mining Company.
Harriet Ellis Bradshaw was eight years old at the time of the events she describes.
The collection contains notes, articles, biographical sketches, a few letters, and miscellaneous other items collected by Annie Campbell Bradwell, relating to the 19th-century history of Bainbridge and Decatur counties, Ga.
Elias Brady of Warren County, Ind., enlisted as a musician in Company D, 86th Indiana Volunteer Infantry Regiment, Army of the Cumberland, in August 1862. He served until he died of smallpox in December 1863. His brother-in-law, Lieutenant Harris Gass, also served with the 86th. The collection consists of letters written home by Elias Brady and Harris Gass. The majority of the letters are from Elias Brady to his wife, Martha Gass Brady, sister of Harris Gass and daughter of John Gass. The letters, written from Kentucky, Murfreesboro, Tenn., and Chattanooga, Tenn., discuss picket duty, camp life, troop movements, prisoner exchange, foraging, confiscating food, and news of casualties. Also included are letters from Harris Gass to John Gass at Rainsville, Ind., and copies of the Indiana state records of the military service of the two men.
Braxton Bragg (1817-1876) was a United States Army officer, Louisiana planter, Confederate Army general, and a civil engineer in Alabama and Texas following the Civil War. The collection includes military letters and telegrams from Bragg while he was serving with the United States Army in Missouri, 1852-1855, and as a Confederate general, 1862-1864, and a letter from him to his wife, 1853.
John Bragg was a Mobile, Ala., lawyer, planter, and politician. The collection includes papers consisting mostly of political and constituent correspondence, 1851-1853, while Bragg was a Democratic United States representative, concerning Mobile, Alabama, and national politics, especially political appointments. Also included are some letters during the same period from John's brothers, Braxton Bragg (1817-1876), then a United States Army officer, and Thomas Bragg (1810-1872), governor and United States Senator of North Carolina, discussing political events in Washington, D.C., especially concerning the Army, and elections and politics in North Carolina. Also available are extensive papers relating to the management of John Bragg's cotton plantation in Lowndes County, Ala., 1866-1877.
Thomas Bragg was governor of North Carolina, 1855-1859; a United States senator from North Carolina, 1859-1861; and Attorney General of the Confederate States of America, 1861-1863.
William Stanley Braithwaite of Arlington Heights, Mass., was a poet and the editor of the annual Anthology of Magazine Verse. He also taught at Atlanta University.
William G. Bramham (1875-1947) was a minor league baseball president who presided over the North Carolina State League from 1916 to 1917, the Piedmont League from its inception in 1920 until 1932, the South Atlantic League from 1924 to 1930, the Virginia League from 1925 to 1928, and the Eastern Carolina League from 1928 to 1929. Bramham was elected the third president of the National Association of Professional Baseball Leagues, the umbrella organization for minor leagues, in 1933 and held this position until his retirement in 1946.
Prominent members of the Branch family included John Branch (1782-1863), governor of North Carolina, U.S. representative and senator, secretary of the Navy, governor of the Florida Territory, and a planter in North Carolina and Florida; his son, William Henry Branch (1823-1910), cotton planter in Florida and merchant and farmer in Georgia; and his grandson, William Horton Branch (1852-1920), also a merchant and farmer in Georgia.
Joseph Branch (died 1864) was a lawyer of Tallahassee, Fla. The collection includes papers, chiefly from the 1840s, of Branch dealing with the legal and business affairs of clients, both individuals and firms, including the Southern Life Insurance Company.
Taylor Branch, journalist and historian, is best known for his research and writing on Martin Luther King and the civil rights movement of the 1960s.
D. S. Brandon was a physician of Thomasville, Ga.
E. C. (Eugene Cunningham) Branson (1861-1933) was an educator, author, and editor, president of the State Normal School of Georgia, 1900-1912, head of its department of rural economics and sociology, 1912-1914, and founder and head of the rural social economics program at the University of North Carolina. The collection includes personal and professional correspondence and writings of E. C. Branson. The collection includes papers pertaining to research into all aspects of rural life in the South and in Europe, including an international correspondence and many writings; to his activities as professor at the University of North Carolina; and to varied other public and civic issues, in particular farm tenancy, illiteracy, and rural credit. He was actively involved in North Carolina movements concerning the reclamation of farm land, better port terminal facilities, and good roads. Few papers pertain to Branson's teaching career before 1914.
Emily Branson was the sister of Thomas Branson, Company F, 46th North Carolina Regiment.
Lanier Branson was a textile manufacturer of West Point, Ga.
Walter Brashear (1776-1860) was a physician in Kentucky before 1822 when he moved to St. Mary Parish, La., where, after acquiring Belle Island Plantation and other landholdings in the area, he became a sugar planter and state legislator. The family of Effingham (d. 1850) and Ann Townsend Lawrence (fl. 1802-1830s) lived in Bayside, N.Y., until sons Robert (fl. 1820s-1850s), Samuel Townsend (d. 1839), Henry Effingham (1809-1876?), and Effingham, Jr. (1820?-1878) moved to New Orleans to take up merchandizing and sugar planting. Henry Effingham Lawrence married Frances Emily Brashear, daughter of Walter and Margaret Barr Brashear, in 1844.
Correspondence, sermons, lectures, lessons for Bible classes, notebooks, military records, drafts and offprints of articles, subject and research files, and photographs comprise the collection of Robert G. Bratcher, a white Southern Baptist minister and translator of the New Testament for the 1966 edition titled Good News for Modern Man. Correspondence is largely professional in nature and pertains to Bratcher's biblical scholarship and his affiliation with organizations including the American Bible Society from which he resigned in 1981 following a controversy with Christian fundamentalists. Military records reflect Bratcher's service in the United States Navy Reserve in the 1940s and 1950s. The collection also includes newspaper clippings, financial items, printed materials, and files on the New Testament edition titled Today's English Version. Of interest are materials related to the country of Brazil where Bratcher was born in 1920 to missionary parents from Kentucky. Materials include an original 1937 diary documenting a trip into Brazil's interior, a typed edition of his father Lewis Bratcher's 1925 journals from "An Exploratory Visit to the Interior of Brazil," and photographs of students and faculty at the Colegio Batista Brasileiro in Campos, Brazil during the 1920s.
Physician, state legislator, and Confederate Army officer, from Winnsboro, S.C.
Gustave Maurice Braune (1872-1930) was dean of engineering at the University of North Carolina, 1922-1930. The collection includes notes, mostly in German, on engineering and related sciences, 1891-1892, taken by Braune while he was a student at the Royal Polytechnic Institute in Dresden, Germany.
Contains approximately 100 letters written by Alim Braxton to Mark Katz, dated August 2019 to April 2022. Braxton (artist name is Rrome Alone) is a Black writer, rapper, and death row inmate who has been incarcerated since 1993. Born Michael Jerome Braxton, he took the name "Alim" when he accepted Islam while in prison. Braxton has been collaborating Mark Katz, a white professor in the Department of Music at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, on an album,  Mercy on My Soul, and a book,  Rap and Redemption on Death Row.
Philip Northern Bray (1858-1938), of Currituck County, N.C., was a farmer and lumberman, and owner of a country store and barroom in Sligo, N.C.
Map of the French Broad River from Asheville, N.C., to Paint Rock, from Robert H. B. Brazier's survey in 1826. There is also a small piece containing the Tuckasegee River. Appears to be a copy of the survey for the western section of the Buncombe Turnpike, made by Brazier in 1826 at the expense of the Board for Internal Improvements. The maps are manuscript copies on glazed cloth.
In 1866, an unidentified southerner possibly from Mobile, Ala., traveled to Brazil to investigate emigrating there. He chronicled the events of his journey in a diary. He sailed from Baltimore, Md., stopping at the Caribbean port of Saint Thomas and at Pernambuco, Brazil, to refuel. He arrived in the Harbor of Rio and spent three months travelling in southeastern Brazil. After making a final stop in the city of Sao Paolo, he departed for the United States.
Microfilm of autobiography of John Hutchins (born 1774), son of Anthony Hutchins, an early Natchez, Miss., settler, with accounts of primitive agriculture, the Revolutionary War, frontier adventures, and trips down the Mississippi River to New Orleans and thence to New York or England. Also memoirs by Florence Bowmar Carson of daily life on Oasis Plantation in Coahoma County, Miss., 1892-1903, emphasizing the lives of blacks.
Breese family of Charleston, S.C., and Asheville and Brevard, N.C. William Cebra Breese was cashier of the First National Bank of Charleston until his death in 1883. William Edmond Breese, son of Cornelia Edmond and William Cebra Breese, served in the Confederate Army's South Carolina Cadets and saw action at Kennesaw Mountain and other Georgia, North Carolina, and South Carolina battles. In 1883, he succeeded his father as cashier of the First National Bank of Charleston. In 1885, he moved to Asheville, N.C., for the health of his son, William Edmond Breese, Jr., and established the First National Bank of Asheville. When the bank failed in 1897, he was arrested and charged with conspiracy, embezzlement, abstraction, and misapplication. After six trials, he was acquitted of all charges. William Edmond Breese, Jr., son of Margaret Lowndes Perroneau and William Edmond Breese, graduated from the University of North Carolina and was active in politics. He served as a member of the North Carolina Senate and was mayor of Brevard, N.C. He married Rebekah Nicolson Woodbridge.
Adolph Bregman, mettalurgist with a specialization in non- ferreous metals, whose avocation was collecting and performing folk songs from all parts of the United States.
Addison Gorgas Brenizer (born 1839) of Charlotte, N.C., was a businessman and served in the Confederate army. His mother-in-law was Juliana Paisley Gilmer, wife of John Adams Gilmer of Greensboro, N.C., United States representative (American Party), 1857-1861, and later a Confederate congressman.
Mrs. Gilmer Brenizer (Nellie Waddell Brenizer) of Washington, D.C., worked for the Forestry Division of the U.S. Department of Agriculture as a scientific illustrator. The collection includes genealogical materials relating to the Moore, Waddell, Yeamans, Swann, Brownrigg, Wright, Gilmer, Brenizer, and related families; personal and family correspondence, including letters from her father, L. R. Waddell of Smithfield, N.C.; photographs; scrapbooks; clippings; and materials dealing with the Daughters of the American Revolution, United Daughters of the Confederacy, and various other ancestral societies. Also included is material relating to Mrs. Brenizer's work with the Forestry Division, U.S. Department of Agriculture, and a story written about the renovation of an 1810 house in Georgetown, Washington, D.C.
The Brevard family included brothers Alexander (1755-1829) of Lincoln County, N.C., and Joseph (1766-1821), lawyer of Camden, S.C. The Brevards were related to the McDowell family of Charlotte, N.C. McDowell family members included Rebecca Brevard McDowell (1823-1904) and newspaper editor and businessman Franklin Brevard McDowell (1849-1928).
Ephraim Brevard (1744-1781) was a physician of Charlotte, N.C.
Theodorus Washington Brevard (died 1877) was a lawyer and politician of North Carolina, South Carolina, Alabama, and Florida.
Thomas Brevard was a teacher of North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, and Kentucky.
Brewer and Paschal families of Chatham County, N.C., including Stephen Wiley Brewer (1835-1897), Confederate officer and county sheriff; his wife Mary Catharine Paschal Brewer (1846-1922); R. B. Paschal (1820-1870), who was elected Chatham County sheriff in 1854 and served six successive terms; and George Washington Paschal (1869-1956). There are also materials of the related Tilley family, including Bert Q. Tilley, motorcycle enthusiast and owner of Tilley's Cyclery, Raleigh, N.C., who was also a partner in Raleigh Flying Serice, operators of Raleigh Airport, Inc., and Poindexter Field.
Papers, 1800-1982, of the Kennedy, Bridgers, and Flowers family of Goldsboro and Raleigh, N.C., including correspondence, books, pamphlets, deeds, certificates, and promissory notes. Many of the 19th-century materials relate to Richard Lee Kennedy of Goldsboro, N.C.; James H. Everett, attorney, of Wayne County, N.C.; and D. H. (David Henderson) Bridgers, landowner, of Goldsboro, N.C.
Correspondence, writings, newspaper and magazine clippings, photographs, and other materials of Ann Preston Bridgers (1891-1967), North Carolina actress and writer. Most of the collection consists of drafts and other materials relating to plays, novels, and short stories written by Bridgers. There is a large body of material relating to John C. Calhoun, apparently collected by Bridgers as background for her play, This Beautiful Structure. The remainder of the collection consists of letters from family members and friends, including letters from George Abbott, with whom Bridgers collaborated on the play Coquette, and letters from her brother- in-law, Jonathan Daniels; business correspondence and other material relating to a controversy over the rights to Coquette; and photographs.
John Luther Bridgers (1850-1932), lawyer and planter of Edgecombe County, N.C., was the son of John Luther Bridgers (1821-1884), lawyer, planter, and Confederate colonel. The collection includes letters, 1864, from John Luther Bridgers (1821-1884) to his son, John Luther Bridgers (1850-1932); letters 1870-1872, from friends and relatives to John Luther Bridgers (1850-1932); and letters, January-February 1861, from John Luther Bridgers (1821-1884) to W. E. Jones regarding tents for the Edgecombe Guards (later Company A, 1st North Carolina Infantry Regiment, Confederate States of America Army). The letters of 1864 from John Luther Brigers (1821-1884) to his son while the younger Bridgers was at school give advice about work and play and about relationships as well as news of home and family. The letters of 1870-1872 include some to John Luther Bridgers (1850-1932) from friends at the Virginia Military Institute, giving news of student activities and other matters. Also included are letters to Bridgers from his sister Routh in Kittrell, N.C., and in Richmond, Va., where she was in school, giving news of family and friends; letters from John L. Brigers (1821-1884) in Red Sulphur Springs, W.Va., and White Sulphur Springs, W.Va., describing his life and health, advising his son, and inquiring about his affairs at home; and other letters from family and friends.
The collection contains genealogical materials and copies of related documents compiled 1920s-1960s by Lindsay M. (Mrs. Bernis) Brien of Dayton, Ohio, concerning the Bryan (Briand, Bryant) family of Ireland, Pennsylvania, Virginia, North Carolina, Kentucky, and other places, especially the descendants of Morgan Bryan, who settled at the forks of the Yadkin River in North Carolina in 1748.
Willis Grandy Briggs (1875-1954) was a Raleigh, N.C., lawyer and postmaster, and served as Republican Party chair for Wake County, N.C.
D. A. Brigham (fl. 1885-1887) was a Presbyterian minister. The collection includes minutes of sessions, 1867-1887, and a register of communicants, baptisms, and funerals of the Cumberland Presbyterian congregation at Clarksville, Tenn., of which Reverend D. A. Brigham took charge in April 1885; and a catalog of Sunday school library books and their circulation, 1872-1873, probably of the Cumberland Presbyterian church at Dyersburg, Tenn.
J. W. Brigham was a physician of Erin, Houston County, Tenn. The collection includes account books of Brigham, showing names of patients, dates of professional visits, and, in some entries, charges and prescriptions.
John Morgan Bright (1817-1911) was a lawyer, Confederate officer, and Democratic United States representative from Tennessee, of Fayetteville, Tenn. This collection contains letters, legal documents, speeches, newspaper clippings, pictures, and account books. The correspondence chiefly consists of letters received by Bright while he was in Congress (1871-1881). The letters concern politics, interests of constituents, and the business of the Committee on Claims of which he was chairman. Most letters relate to pensions and Civil War damages. Other papers include family correspondence, manuscript speeches, articles written for the Fayetteville (Tenn.) Observer on Biblical topics, and account books of domestic expenses and of the law firms of Bright and Bright and Bright and Sons.
Herbert Hutchinson Brimley was a naturalist, author, and, for more than fifty years, director of the North Carolina State Museum in Raleigh.
Richard L. Brindley grew up on the family plantation in Wilmington, Del. Never married, he enlisted in the Union Army on 3 May 1861 and was commissioned a second lieutenant in the 2nd Deleware Infantry Regiment. On 14 May 1861, he was promoted to first lieutenant and was promoted to captain on 15 March 1862. Brindley was killed in action on 27 June 1862 while leading a charge during the Battle of Gaines's Mill in Virginia and was posthumously promoted to the rank of major.
The collection contains deeds and land transfer papers for land in Onslow County, N.C., owned in the 1860s and later by George Brinson (1815-1871) and his son John William Brinson (1848-1933). Also included are records copied from the Brinson family Bible.
The collection contains photostats, typed transcriptions, and microfilm copies of miscellaneous records from the British Public Record Office, arranged loosely into series as follows: records of cases in Chancery and the Star Chamber, 1600-circa 1630; port records of sailings, exports, imports, duties, etc., for forty British North American ports, 1768-1773; selected pages containing records, 1733-1770, relating to church silver supplied to North Carolina colonial governors Johnston, Dobbs, Tryon, and Martin; correspondence, 1758-1763, between North Carolina governor Arthur Dobbs (1689-1765) and the successive commanders of British forces in North America, including James Abercrombie, John Campbell, fourth Earl of Loudoun, and Jeffery Amherst (bound typescripts); fragment of a government account book, undated (18th century, 10 pages); account of the Gross Produce of the Stamp Duties for the year ending August 1, 1713; correspondence and reports, 1663-1782, of the royal governors of Carolina and North Carolina with various departments of the British government, including land records and legislative journals (30 microfilm reels); disbursement records of the militia and loyalist refugees at Charleston, 1780-1782 (5 microfilm reels); and a list of the names of members of the Company of the Levant, circa 1606.
The collection contains financial and legal papers, and family correspondence (chiefly 1850-1889) of the Blodgett, Britton, and Moore families of Philadelphia, Pa., Northampton County, N.C., and New Orleans, La. Included are correspondence and legal items relating to land transactions in Philadelphia, the Blodgett Claim to land in central Washington, D.C., and various family estates; letters about life in New Orleans and rice production in Louisiana, 1845-1860; letters regarding community affairs in Philadelphia and in Warrenton, Va., 1871-1890, and J. Blodgett Britton's work as an industrial chemist in the late nineteenth century; and account books of Cornelius Godwin Cotten Moore (died 1888), physician of Northampton County.
Four ledgers from Britton's Store, a general store that operated near present-day Roxobel, N.C., in the early 19th century. The ledgers provide detailed accounts and records of the customers, transactions, and merchandise at Britton's Store, 1815-1819. Two of the ledgers are day books, listing detailed information about the store's daily transactions. The other two ledgers are account books, listing each customer's purchases over a four-year period. The account book for 1815-1816 contains an alphabetical listing of customers with their corresponding account numbers. It was reused by an unknown business concern to record accounts 1866-1872.
Charles Wetmore Broadfoot was a Confederate officer, state legislator, 1870-1872, trustee of the University of North Carolina, and lawyer, of Fayetteville, N.C. He married Kate Huske, 1877.
The Brock Family Papers, 1801-1904, pertain to the Brock Family of Jones County, N.C., who were white farmers who owned land and enslaved people until the Civil War. Most of the papers are related to Benjamin Brock Sr. (1829-1905). The collection consists of accounting records, including receipts for goods, medical, and other services, chiefly procured in New Bern, N.C.; estate settlements; deeds; indentures; and bills of sale of enslaved people. Correspondence and other records document Brock's household purchases, farming habits, and how he educated his children. Of note is a cipher book. Reconstruction era and later records indicate that formerly enslaved people worked as hired hands and sharecroppers on Brock's properties. The Kinsey, Franks, and Koonce families are also documented.
John Grammar Brodnax, physician and Confederate surgeon, was born in Dinwiddie County, Va. He practiced medicine in Petersburg, Va., and Rockingham County, N.C., where he also farmed. During the Civil War, Brodnax supervised several Confederate hospitals. The collection is chiefly family correspondence, 1827-1920, involving members of the Brodnax, Ruffin, Jones, Roulhac, Adams, Glenn, and related families of North Carolina and Virginia, and a few financial and legal items. Early items include several 1845 letters to Mary Brodnax, student at St. Mary's School in Raleigh, N.C., and one from North Carolina Chief Justice Thomas Ruffin in Raleigh to Robert Brodnax in Pittsylvania County, Va., about Mary's progress in school; and an 1849 letter to John Grammar Brodnax from relatives in Alabama about buying land there. Also included are letters, beginning in 1849, to John Grammar Brodnax from his uncle Thomas Withers, physician of Petersburg, Va., chiefly about family matters. Civil War era materials include letters and other items relating to Brodnax's army career, which he spent, for the most part, around Petersburg, Va. Included is a printed circular from the Confederate Surgeon General about administering smallpox vaccine. There are also several letters from Thomas Ruffin during this period that are chiefly about family affairs. Among the few items after 1865 is a 1908 letter from Nannie Roulhac about whether or not certain individuals had ever belonged to the Ku Klux Klan.
John Wilkes Brodnax was a physician and professor at the Medical College of Virginia, Richmond, Va.
Willis J. Brogden was an attorney in Durham, N.C., and associate justice of the North Carolina Supreme Court. Lila Markham Brogden was his wife.
The collection contains nostalgic recollections of plantation life just before the Civil War and an account of the war experiences and flight of the women and children of the Harris family from their Vicksburg, Miss., home.
Lawyer, and U.S. Representative, 1873-1875, from Mobile, Ala.
The collection is a typed genealogy of the English origins of the Brooke and Forester families from about 837 A.D., including a description of Bamborough Castle in Northumberland.
George Mercer Brooke (died 1851), native of Virginia, was an officer in the United States Army. The collection includes four letters from Colonel Brooke in Boston, Mass., May-July 1819, to Major Loring Austin, Cambridge, Mass., relating to Brooke's taking over Austin's army duties at Boston and arrangements for Austin's resignation due to ill health.
John Mercer Brooke was a United States and Confederate naval officer, scientist, inventor, and professor at Virginia Military Institute.
Iveson Lewis Brookes, teacher, Baptist minister, and planter, was born in Rockingham County, N.C. Brookes, a 1819 graduate of the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, N.C., amassed, through marriage and purchase, considerable holdings of land and slaves in Jasper and Jones counties in Georgia and Edgefield County and other locations in South Carolina. He also worked in schools for much of his life (teacher at Greensboro Academy, Greensboro, N.C., 1819; rector of Eatonton Academy, Eatonton, Ga., 1820s; principal of Penfield Female Academy, Penfield, Ga., 1840s), employing overseers to manage his plantations while he taught and preached at various Baptist churches. He was also active in national and local Baptist affairs and was a staunch defender of slavery.
The collection consists of a detailed diary, 1 January-6 August 1862, of Captain Brooks, 46th Pennsylvania Regiment, while he was serving in Maryland and the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia during General Stonewall Jackson's Valley Campaign. Brooks noted weather, his reading, camp life, plans and speculations, marches and movements, drills and inspections, news of Jackson's movements, his own paperwork, characteristics of areas he passed through, and events among soldiers. A few accounts and memoranda are included.
Audio recordings and related materials mostly containing radio programs, 1958-1961 and undated sponsored by the Haywood, Calif., chapter of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). Gilbert Brooks, an African American radio host and son of Buster Allen Brooks, who founded the Haywood chapter of the NAACP, hosts the majority of the radio programs, which are mostly concerned with the status of African Americans in the mid-20th century; civil rights, education, employment, and the history of the NAACP are among the topics discussed. Select recordings include interviews or commentary by C. L. Dellums, an African American labor activist who was part of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, as well as a speech by Franklin Williams, an African American lawyer and civil rights leader. Also included are several tapes containing recordings of NAACP meetings and other activities.
MICROFILM ONLY. Civil War letters from Captain Brooks, 20th North Carolina Regiment at camps in North Carolina and Virginia, to his family in Brunswick County, N.C., describing his battle experiences in Virginia, and his and other officers' controversies with their brigade commander, General Alfred Iverson, over promotions.
Preston S. Brooks was a United States representative from South Carolina, 1853-1857.
William H. Broughton mustered into the Union Army on 4 August 1862 and was later made captain of Company D, 16th Maine Infantry Regiment. He was captured at Weldon Railroad, Va., circa August 1864, and mustered out on 5 June 1865.
Diary of Catherine B. Broun, wife of Edwin Broun, describing events and conditions in the area near her home at Sunny Bank, Middleburg, Loudoun County, Va., during and after the Civil War. Mrs. Broun wrote detailed descriptions of life situated between the opposing armies, her dealing with soldiers from both sides, difficulties in obtaining supplies, family affairs, activities of Mosby's raiders, behavior of slaves and freedmen, her husband's imprisonment by the federal authorities, hardships suffered by her family and friends, and, after the war, the education of her children. Also included are copies of Broun family letters, 1861 (9 items), written from Confederate Army camps in Charleston, Va. [now W. Va.], and 1863 (3 items) from Washington, D.C., and Loudoun County.
John Peter Broun was a planter of Richland County, S.C., and Lowndes County, Ala. His wife was Abby Hinman Day Broun of New York, N.Y. Family correspondence of Broun, planter of Richland County, S.C., and Lowndes County, Ala., and of his wife, Abby Hinman Day Broun of New York, before and after the Civil War. Included are letters from Broun in New York to his children; letters from his granddaughter, Decca Coles Singleton (Mrs. Leroy) Halsey, on family history and recollections of her childhood; earlier correspondence on plantation life; and slave lists.
Nathaniel Clenroy Browder (10 February 1904-7 November 1984) was born in Hickory, N.C., the son of Caroline Elizabeth Deitz and Nathaniel Clenroy Browder. He received an A.B.Ed. degree from the University of North Carolina in 1930 and taught high school in North Carolina. He worked for the Federal Writers' Project in Chapel Hill, N.C., 1939-1940. He took a drafting course at North Carolina State College in 1940 and then worked for the State Highway Department. In 1943, he went to work for the Signal Corps in Arlington, Va., and stayed on with the National Security Agency until his retirement. Browder returned to North Carolina and wrote, edited, and published books relating to North Carolina history.
The Brower family included John Morehead Brower (1845-1913), Republican United States representative, and Thomas M. Brower (fl. 1876-1877).
Joseph Brown was born in Columbus County, NC, on 9 July 1863. In 1890, he became interested in agriculture, and was chiefly responsible for the development of the strawberry-growing industry in North Carolina. Brown was elected to the North Carolina State Senate in 1893 and served there until 1928. During his first term as senator, Brown met Minnie McIver; the couple was married on 9 June 1898. Joseph Brown died 26 June 1937. Minnie McIver, born 1 January 1874 in Moore County, NC, taught music at high schools in Henrietta and Whitehall, NC, until she married Joseph Brown. Minnie Brown was active in many organizations and clubs in Columbus County, NC, and as a result, she was appointed to the State Board of Charities and Public Welfare; she served in that position from 1925 to 1937. In 1925 she became a member of the consolidated University of North Carolina's Board of Trustees. Minnie Brown died on 21 January 1957.
The Brown Lung Association (BLA) Records consist chiefly records of the central office of the Brown Lung Association, as well as related organizations, including the Southern Institute for Occupational Health and the Brown Lung Legal Center. Records document the organizational, legal, and financial activities of these groups. Topics include special projects, fundraising, staffing, state legislation, workers' compensation, federal regulations, and research on brown lung disease. Also included are materials relating to byssinosis cases heard before the North Carolina Industrial Commission between 1977 and 1981. Frequent defendants in these cases are J. P. Stevens, Burlington Industries, Cone Mills, and Fieldcrest Mills. Also included are a set of volumes that provide information on the North Carolina Industrial Commission, the Asheboro and Greensboro BLA chapters, medical panels, North Carolina legislation, and the North Carolina Governor's Panel on Brown Lung; photographs of unidentified textile workers; and audiovisual materials related to BLA events and textile workers.
Alexander Haskell Brown was a colonel in the Confederate Army, and a provost marshal of Charleston, S.C., during the Civil War.
The collection includes a letter, 12 December 1767, from John Wesley (1703-1791), London, to Dear Madam, concerning four women about whom the addressee may have heard some untruths; an anonymous letter, 23[?] April 1827, to John Randolph (1773-1833) concerning his duel with Henry Clay; and biographical sketches and steel engravings of Wesley and Randolph.
Bedford Brown (1795 – 1870), was a white United States senator and state legislator from Caswell County, North Carolina; whose son, Livingston Brown, married Ann E. Clark. Papers include a letter, dated 12 May 1860, written by an enslaved individual to his Uncle Ned on a neighboring plantation and a bill of sale for Lucy, an enslaved woman. Also included are family letters dated 1836; political correspondence of Bedford Brown in 1860; and of Livingston Brown, 1866 – 1876; and Caswell County deeds and miscellaneous papers. 
Bryant Council Brown was a student of Professor Horace Williams at the University of North Carolina. He went on to positions as secretary and legal counsel to the U.S. Congress's Joint Committee on Internal Revenue Taxation and as counsel to the American Mutual Insurance Alliance, a private group of insurance companies. Correspondence, pictures, and other items of Bryant C. Brown. Correspondence deals with personal and social matters and includes a discussion of classes with Horace Williams and three letters from Williams. Other items include materials relating to Brown's work with the Joint Committee on Internal Revenue Taxation, 1933-1957, and with the American Mutual Insurance Alliance, 1957-1964.
Campbell Brown was a Confederate Army officer. The collection includes negative photostats of Campbell Brown's reminiscences, written 1867-1870, of his service as a major in the Confederate Army, especially in Virginia, 1861-1863, and during the Gettysburg campaign. He was sometime on the staffs of generals J. E. Johnston and R. S. Ewell. The reminiscences include minute details and incidents of camp life and battles and information about and comments on the officers Brown associated with.
Diaries of Evelyn N. Brown, a nurse who worked in various cities in Missouri. Diaries date between 1984 and 2009. Entries contain information on her day-to-day life, including the weather, errands ran, friends met, and some reflection. Also included is Brown's funeral program.
Fred Taylor Brown, Jr., served as an Army captain and colonel in the North Carolina Air Guard/U.S. Air Force. He earned a master's degree in public health administration from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in 1981 and established the Brendle Brothers Scholarship for Veterans (named after Fred's uncles) with his wife, Laura Brown. The collection contains three photographs, three corresponding name plates, and information about the Brendle Brothers Scholarship. The photographs are military portraits of Clell, Paul, and Jim Brendle.
Three generations of a prominent family from Wilkes County, N.C., and Maury County, Tenn. Persons represented include John Brown (1738-1812), immigrant from Ulster, early landowner in western North Carolina and in Tennessee; his son, Hamilton (1786-1870), planter, businessman, sheriff, and militia officer of Wilkes County; Hamilton's sons Hugh Thomas Brown (1835-1861) and Hamilton Allen Brown (1837-1917); and Gordon, Gwyn, Finley, Lenoir, and McDowell relatives, including James Byron Gordon (1822-1864), Confederate general.
J. Smith Brown (born 1835) of Yates County, N.Y., was an officer in the 1st United States Sharpshooters and the 126th New York Regiment. The collection includes a handwritten statement by Brown giving an autobiographical sketch and detailed narrative of his Civil War service to 1864 as an officer of the 1st United States Sharpshooters in Virginia, and a description of the service of his brother, Captain Morris Brown Junior (1842-1864) in the 126th New York Regiment.
John H. Brown of Marblehead, Mass., served in the 24th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment during the Civil War.
John Judson Brown (1865-1953) was the Georgia state commissioner of agriculture, 1917-1927. The collection includes papers of Brown and of his son, Walter J. Brown, relating chiefly to the duties and activities of John Judson Brown as commissioner of agriculture. Topics include state regulation of dairying; inspection and analysis of foodstuffs, cotton seed meal, oil, fertilizer, and peanuts; statistics on acreage of flax, tobacco, cotton, and peanuts; food production and crop reports; labor shortage; diversification; combatting the boll weevil; work of county agricultural agents; corn and canning clubs; cotton ginners' cooperative associations; use of fertilizer in the southern states; and the campaign for the economic development of middle Georgia, 1923. The collection also includes papers of Brown's predecessor, James D. Price, and papers pertaining to the election campaign of 1926 in which Brown was defeated by Eugene Talmadge.
John L. Brown (b. 1829) was a Charlotte, N.C., merchant and state legislator.
Microfilm of typescript. Native of Tennessee who migrated to Arkansas; lawyer, landowner, insurance company executive, and planter. The diary, which contains daily entries of various lengths, covers the period of September 1821-March 1822, with a summary for the remainder of 1822, and the period July 1852-July 1865. The 1821-1822 entries deal chiefly with Brown's residence in Louisville, Ky., and his study of law with John Rowan of that place. They tell of his trip from home in Tennessee to Louisville, his course of study, his daily activities, and his trip home by steamboat. The diary ends with a summary for the remainder of 1822, chiefly discussing his settlement in Memphis, Tenn., where he practiced law. Interspersed in the diary are copies of letters to friends and relatives telling of his activities in Louisville, and several compositions. The diary for 1852-1865 contains a record of Brown's daily activities connected with farming, legal business, payment and collection of debts, purchases of supplies for the family, and work with an insurance company in Camden, Ark. It gives a full account of occurrences in the family circle, including illnesses, marriages, births, deaths, schooling, and participation in community activities. Brown discussed the weather frequently and noted its effect on the crops and on the river, which was the chief means of communication with the markets where crops were sold and supplies purchased. Also, he recorded names of books he read, his views on religion, and his political views as a Whig and later a member of the American Party. He was strongly opposed to secession and the diary contains many criticisms of the civil and military policies of the Confederacy throughout the Civil War. The entries for 1861-1865 indicate that he continued his legal and business activities until June 1864, when he accepted a position as funding agent for the Treasurer of the Trans-Mississippi Department of the Confederate Army. Brown wrote much about monetary inflation, the difficulty of getting enough food and clothing, and the thefts and destruction by soldiers of both armies who were stationed in the vicinity of Camden. The last entries of the diary record the break-up of the Confederate armies in Arkansas, the arrival of Federal troops, and the beginning of Reconstruction.
The collection consists of a facsimile of a letter to Mrs. George Stevens, of Boston, Mass., from abolitionist John Brown, written while he was in prison in Chestertown, Va., anticipating his execution.
Joseph Emerson Brown (1821-1894) was the governor of Georgia between 1857 and 1865 and a United States senator from 1880 to 1891.
Larry Brown was born in 1951 in Oxford, Miss. He briefly attended the University of Mississippi, but did not graduate. Brown served in the United States Marine Corps, 1970-1972, then worked as a firefighter for the Oxford Fire Department, 1973-1990. While a firefighter, Brown began to write fiction. His first book was Facing the Music (1988), a collection of short stories, and his first novel was Dirty Work (1989). Other novels include Big Bad Love (1990), Joe: A Novel (1991), Father and Son (1996), and Fay (2000). He twice won the Southern Book Critics Circle Award. Brown died in Oxford in 2004.
The papers of African American coal miner Major Brown and his spouse Leona Brown are chiefly financial items reflecting their household expenses and income from the 1960s, 1970s, and early 1980s in Lynch, Ky., a United States Steel Corporation company town in the Appalachian Mountains of Kentucky. Bills, receipts, cashed checks, and account balances for utilities, department and specialty stores, medical care, and life insurance form the bulk of the collection. Other materials include employment and pension documents, property records including taxes paid on their home in Lynch, documents related to the Lynch Independent Public Schools, funeral programs and death notices, and vital records for the birth of one of their children, social insurance, and the 1920 census. The collection contains only two letters, both from former Lynch residents, one post card, and a few greeting cards.
Letters, bills, and receipts, 1791-1797, sent to Moses Brown, merchant of Newburyport, Mass., from various shipping firms and commission agents in Wilmington, N.C. Included are papers relating to the shipping and sale of sugar, molasses, beef, and other items, and to the arrival and departure of vessels, including frequent reference to the Brig Polly, which was apparently owned by Brown, and its captain, Sam Chandler.
Robert V. N. Brown (1933-2006) was born in Belle Harbor, N.Y., and grew up in the Bronx, N.Y. In 1958, Brown moved to Chapel Hill, N.C., to study southern history at the University of North Carolina. In 1961, Brown began publishing the literary magazine Reflections from Chapel Hill. In 1963-1964, at the height of the local civil rights movement, Brown published The Chapel Hill Conscience, a newsletter of the Committee for Open Business. His role in the Chapel Hill civil rights movement is chronicled in John Ehle's book The Free Men (1965). In 1966, Brown, along with writer Leon Rooke, began publishing the alternative newspaper The North Carolina Anvil, which ran until 1983, when Brown retired from publishing. Brown also operated a job printing studio called Buffalo Printing during the 1970s and 1980s to support his other activities. He died on 5 February 2006 in Hillsborough, N.C.
Roy M. (Roy Melton) Brown held various administrative positions in North Carolina state public welfare agencies, 1921-1934, and was director of the Division of Public Welfare and Social Work (now the School of Social Work), University of North Carolina, 1936-1945.
Sara Martin Brown of Liberty County, Ga., was married to Roberts H. Brown, a lawyer who served as speaker of the Alabama House of State Representatives, 1951-1953. Sara Brown's mother was Corrie McDowell Martin, and her sister, Mary Louise Perkins, was an artist who died in a plane crash on 3 June 1962 at the end of a European tour sponsored by the Atlanta Art Association. The collection consists chiefly of correspondence and other items, 1895-1979, relating to Sara Martin Brown and to members of the Martin, Perkins, and Brown families of Georgia, Alabama, and Texas. The largest concentration of correspondence is to and from Sara Martin in 1935 during her engagement to Roberts H. Brown. These letters document their daily lives, wedding plans, family affairs, and education. Scattered family correspondence includes letters discussing military life in World War II, business endeavors, education, health, social engagements, and travel; 1924 letters from Roberts H. Brown's family to him at Culver Military Academy; and 1962 postcards from Mary Louise Perkins describing her experiences on the Atlanta Art Association's European tour. Newspaper clippings include accounts of Mary Louise Perkins's death and the civic activities of other family members. There are also a few photographs of Sara Martin Brown and Roberts H. Brown.
Tarleton Brown was born in 1757 and moved with his family to South Carolina in 1769. During the Revolutionary War, Brown enlisted as a private; he was eventually promoted to captain. After the war, he was active in public service and politics. He later moved to Boiling Springs, S.C., where he built several mills. The collection consists of an undated 20-page typed transcription of a microfilm copy of the 1862 publication of Tarleton Brown's memoir of the Revolutionary War, which he wrote sometime before his death in 1845. Brown began by describing the South Carolina countryside before the Revolutionary War, when it was a frontier society and still being settled. The bulk of his memoir relates to his experiences in the Revolutionary War, 1775-1780, when he fought under such commanders as William Harden, Francis Marion, and Andrew Pickens. Brown discussed his participation in the First Siege of Savannah, the Battle of Monk's Corner, and the Siege of Augusta, as well as his work as an army scout in both South Carolina and Georgia. The memoir also describes the relationship between Tories and Whigs in South Carolina. Included is a brief synopsis of his life after the war.
Weldon A. Brown is a historian of Blacksburg, Va.
A native of Leeds, York County, England, Martin Browne worked in the early 1770s as a merchant's clerk in Leeds, and later became a haberdasher in London. Between 1778 and 1789, he immigrated to Virginia and opened a tavern in Frederick County outside Winchester, Va. Browne also farmed; speculated in the flour trade between the Shenandoah Valley and Alexandria and Fredericksburg, Va.; and traded in cloth. His wife Molly was a weaver and also helped run the tavern until its close around 1805.
The collection contains Craven County, N.C., deeds, receipts, and miscellany, 1738-1821, and a letter, 8 November 1873, from W. E. Roberts of New Bern, N.C., to Mary S. Shepard that were collected by Mary Catherine Boyd Browne.
Richard Horace Browne was born in Southampton County, Va., in 1830. He graduated from Jefferson College (later Washington and Jefferson College) in 1851. In 1853, he moved to New Orleans, La., to attend the University of Louisiana Law School. After graduating, he remained in New Orleans and practiced law, primarily in United States courts. In March 1862, he joined the Louisiana Guard Artillery (Confederate Guards Response Battalion) commanded by Major Franklin H. Clack. He later served in the Army of Tennessee. After the war, he returned to New Orleans and continued working as a lawyer.
Howard Browning was a resident of Littleton, N C., and owned a general merchandise and cotton merchant business. He was the executor for the will of S. L. Barrell and, subsequently, the guardian of J. M. Barrell.
The Brownrigg family of Wicklow County, Ireland; Chowan, Pasquotank, and Hertford counties, N.C.; and Mississippi included Richard Brownrigg (d. 1771) of Ireland; brothers John and Thomas Brownrigg; Thomas's wife, Ruth; their son, Gen. Richard Thomas Brownrigg (b. 1793); and their daughter, Elizabeth Brownrigg, who married the Hon. John L. Bailey.
George Wolfe Bruce of New York was the son of George Bruce, co-founder and co-owner of Bruce Type Foundry, New York, and the brother of David Wolfe Bruce, Matilda Bruce, and Catherine Bruce.
The collection contains three apparently unrelated letters, 1862-1865, from Confederate soldiers in federal prisons at Point Lookout, Md., Elmira, N.Y., and Fort Warren, Boston, Mass., to their friends in Alexandria, Va.; a provost marshal's pass, 1862; and a scrapbook, kept by a grandmother of Anne B. Bruin (otherwise unidentified), containing newspaper clippings about the Confederacy as well as poetry, religious articles, and some articles on historic Virginia and the South, mostly dating from the 1880s and 1890s.
Sarah Catherine Brumby Simpson (1840-1915), daughter of John Greening Brumby (fl. 1830-1871) and Catherine Sarah Remley Brumby (d. 1863) of Benton and Goodman, Miss., is the central figure in these papers. Sarah had at least five brothers: Arnoldus (1832-1892), Robert E. (1834-1864), John Greening (1838-1863?), James R. (b. 1846), and Thomas Micajah (b. 1852); and three sisters: Virginia Carolina (1836-1915), who married a Mr. Wellons; Mary E. or Mollie (1844-1907), who married Augustus Vaughan; and Emily (b. 1848). In 1858, Sarah married Richard Simpson (d. 1871) of Covington, La., and Goodman, Miss. A businessman, Simpson traveled frequently througout Louisiana and Texas. Together they had four children.
The collection includes miscellaneous items of Laura Margaret Cole (Mrs. James R.) Smith (b. 1806) of South Carolina; her daughter, Laura Smith Brumby (fl. 1866- 1885); and her son-in-law, James R. Brumby (b. 1846). Included are a diary, 1833-1834, of Laura Margaret Cole Smith, with entries discussing courting, death and dying, and the nullification crisis of 1832, and her reminiscences, written as epsitolary fiction, recounting her childhood and daily life. Also included is a diary, 1884-1885, of Laura Brumby, describing a wagon trip from Thomasville, Ga., to Clearwater and Tampa, Fla.; and reminiscences, written in 1929, of James R. Brumby, a native of Holmes and Yazoo counties, Miss., Confederate soldier who served with the 7th Georgia Cavalry in the Army of Northern Virginia, and chair manufacturer of Marietta, Ga., in which he detailed family history, including his experiences during the Civil War and Brumby family activities in the furniture business.
Ann Eliza Brumby was the daughter of Richard Trapier Brumby (1804-1875), a geologist from South Carolina. She attended school at Tuskegee, Ala.
Jane H. Jackson was born in Patterson, N.J., in 1829. She married Burroughs P. Brunner on 23 August 1854, and the couple subsequently moved to Charleston, S.C. Brunner appears to have died after a brief illness in October 1862. The papers of Jane Jackson Brunner include several poems, genealogical records, and a letter, all apparently written by Brunner. Also included are a plan for her tombstone; several news clippings relating to marriages and deaths in the Brunner and Kingsland families; two photographs, one of a portrait of Jane Jackson Brunner and the other of Brunner's house in Charleston, S.C.; a certificate of marriage that appears to relate to Brunner's sister, Kate A. Jackson, and another relating to Brunner's father, Joseph Jackson; and an exchange of letters in 1993 between Carol Melton and Elizabeth Bennoitt about the details of Brunner's life.
Represented are members of the related Bryan, Leventhorpe, Davenport, and Avery families, including Edmund (1791-1874) and Ursilla (Hampton) Bryan of Rutherfordton, N.C.; their daughters, Ann Eliza (Bryan) Mills and Louise (Bryan) Leventhorpe; Louise's husband, Collett Leventhorpe (1815-1899), an English-born officer in the Confederate Army; and their descendants, including members of the Hampton family of Henry County, Tenn., and the Avery family of North Carolina.
Bryan and Minor families of Georgia and Virginia, descendants of Jonathan Bryan.
Bryan and related Blount, Donnell, Shepard, Spaight, and Washington families of New Bern, N.C., and vicinity. Prominent family members included John Heritage Bryan (1798-1870), congressman and lawyer of New Bern and Raleigh, N.C.; his brother, James West Bryan (1805-1864), lawyer of New Bern; James W. Bryan's son, James Augustus Washington Bryan (1839-1923), Confederate ordnance officer and bank and railroad president, of New Bern; and James A. Bryan's son, Charles Shepard Bryan (1865-1956), businessman of New York and Asheville, N.C.
The collection contains grants, deeds, indentures, and land surveys, 1767-1855, of Clement Bryan and Needham Bryan of Johnston County, N.C., bearing the signatures of Benjamin Williams, Richard Caswell, Alexander Martin, and others.
George W. Bryan (fl. 1860-1880) was a planter and lawyer of Henry County and Worth County, Ga. He was married to Cornelia Stokes Bryan.
The collection is a scrapbook of Mary Biddle Norcott Bryan, wife of Henry Ravenscroft Bryan (1835-1919), a New Bern, N.C., judge. Included are Mary Bryan's reminiscences (about 80 p.) of her family, her life before her marriage in 1860, her wedding trip to Alabama, her life in Raleigh, N.C., during the Civil War, and her life in New Bern, N.C., after the war. Also included are newspaper clippings about family members; letters, 1830s-1890s, between members of the Norcott, Biddle, and Bryan families; items pertaining to the legal and judicial career of Henry R. Bryan; and other items. Of particular interest are letters, 1853-1855, written by Henry R. Bryan while he was a student at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill; letters, 1857, from Henry R. Bryan in Paris to his sister and his brother, describing his visits to England and Switzerland; and letters from Mary B. N. Bryan to her mother, describing her wedding trip to the southwest, especially to Mobile, Ala.
Shepard Bryan was a lawyer and judge, of Atlanta, Ga., and graduate of the University of North Carolina, 1891. The papers are chiefly letters, 1909-1945, from William Watkins Davies (1868-1945), also a lawyer (in Georgia and later, Kentucky) and University of North Carolina graduate, to Shepard Bryan. Beginning in 1941 there are also carbon copies of Bryan's letters to Davies. The correspondence is concerned with reminiscences of the University of North Carolina, life in Chapel Hill, N.C., and Hillsborough, N.C., anecdotes from the past, and news and memories of friends; current affairs, including comments on national and international events, political figures and trends, opinions, analyses, and predictions; books being swapped and read and discussed; and personal news of family, health, gardens, birds, travel, including Davies's trip around the world in 1928-1929, and other trips. Included in the correspondence are letters dealing with Davies's efforts to get his manuscript, Southborough, published; plans for the 50th reunion of the Class of 1891 at Chapel Hill; and many letters written during World War II about the war's progress, armchair strategy, and predictions. In addition to the letters of Davies and Bryan, there are scattered letters of: Robert W. Bingham, Arthur Lucas, Josephus Daniels, John M. Morehead, and Armand L. DeRosset. One folder contains articles and speeches by Davies.
V. S. Bryan lived in Savannah, Ga.
William S. (William Shepard) Bryan (1827-1906), native of Raleigh, N.C., practiced law in Baltimore, Md.
Journalist in Charlotte, N.C., Missoula, Mont., and Washington, D.C.
The collection includes a letter from John Screven to his son, John Screven Junior, 1801; record of a slave sale, 1858; letter to Mrs. Franklin Buchanan from James C. Palmer mentioning Admiral Buchanan's defeat by Farragut, 1864; two letters from Henry N. Marmaduke of the United States Navy Department Library enclosing sketches of Admiral Franklin Buchanan and Captain Catesby Jones, 1913; and three newspaper clippings on Admiral Buchanan.
Prominent members of the Buchanan family of Warren and Lincoln counties, Tenn., and McClellan family of Limestone County, Ala., included Andrew Buchanan (fl. 1820-1865), planter and merchant; his son, Felix Grundy Buchanan (d. circa 1910), Confederate soldier; Thomas Joyce McClellan (fl. 1836-1880), planter, Whig politician, and member of the Alabama Secession Convention of 1861; Thomas's son, William C. McClellan (d. 1869), Confederate soldier; William's son, Thomas Nicholas McClellan (1853-1906), Alabama state senator, 1880-1884, attorney general, 1884-1889, associate justice of the Alabama supreme court, 1889-1898, and Alabama chief justice, 1898-1906; and William's daughters, Matilda McClellan (fl. 1859-1914) and Kate McClellan Buchanan (fl. 1859-1917).
Annabel Morris Buchanan, composer, author, folk music collector, and officer of the National Federation of Music Clubs.
Franklin Buchanan of Maryland was a United States Navy officer and later admiral in the Confederate States Navy.
William R. Buchanan of Philadelphia, Pa., served with Company A of the 29th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment. During this time, his unit was posted in Atlanta, Ga., where he was company clerk, working on the books and muster rolls, and later marched across Georgia with General William T. Sherman into Savannah, Ga.
The collection includes scattered family correspondence of the Haskew, Henderson, and Buchanan families of Virginia, Tennessee, and North Carolina, chiefly during the 1850s, discussing family and social life. Most letters were written from Memphis, Tenn.
Irving A. Buck of Front Royal, Va., served in the Confederate Army.
The collection of North Carolina author, poet, and educator, Sally Buckner (1931-), contains correspondence, materials relating to Buckner's editorial work, writings, materials documenting teaching and other literary activities, and other items. Correspondence is primarily with writers--among them Betty Adcock, Doris Betts, Fred Chappell, Ruth Moose, Sam Ragan, and Shelby Stephenson--but there are also letters from editors, educators, friends, and political figures. Editorial files relate to the anthologies Words and Witness: 100 Years of North Carolina Poetry (1995) and Our Words, Our Ways: Reading and Writing in North Carolina (1999). Also included are published and unpublished writings; teaching materials relating to creative writing courses for college, high school, and middle school students; materials documenting her work with the North Carolina Poetry Society, the International Poetry Festival, and the North Carolina Literary Hall of Fame; photographs of Buckner and her family; and other items.
Thomas B. Buell, a retired naval officer, is author of The Warrior Generals: Combat Leadership in the Civil War (1997); Master of Sea Power: A Biography of Fleet Admiral Ernest J. King (1980); and The Quiet Warrior: A Biography of Admiral Raymond A. Spruance (1974). The collection contains drafts of Buell's book, The Warrior Generals: Combat Leadership in the Civil War; comments by Jim Abrahamson, Don Higginbotham, and Herman Wouk, and others on the book; research notes; and other items relating to the book. Also included is material relating to a two-act play, The Puritan and the Cavalier, by Buell, adapted in 1998 from The Warrior Generals.
The collection contains scattered miscellaneous papers, including a copy of a deed, 1753, to John and Naomi Lynn; a contract, 1833, between Thomas Barbee and the trustees of Unity Session School; a receipt, 1856; an obituary, 1909, of Johnston Murdock; articles relating to Lutheran churches in North Carolina; and two letters, 1943-1944, to Miss Bessie from Miriam B. Morgan of Raleigh, N.C., regarding genealogy.
Collection contains anthropological work of Terry Buffington (1947- ), a Black cultural anthropologist and social activist originally from West Point, Miss. Buffington's research focused on Black men from West Point, Miss., who came of age during the civil rights movement and were influenced by SNCC field organizers like Ralph Featherstone and Stokely Carmichael. In addition to tapes and transcripts of this work, the collection contains materials documenting life and work in Clay County, Miss., 1950s-1970s, materials from Buffington's late husband, John Buffington, and a scrapbook highlighting the Oxford-Afro Cultural Center, 1981-1983, with which Terry Buffington was heavily involved. Also included are photographs, printed materials, LPs, and a commemorative poster of a SNCC organizational chart.
Letters and papers are comprised of three parts: 1) papers relating to the Packwood and Harris families, which include genealogical records, a legal document relating to the division of William Packwood's estate in Connecticut, and two letters, 1864, from the Harris brothers, prisoners at Johnson's Island, to their wives; 2) papers relating to the Duffel, Seghers, and Steel families, including genealogical records, three issues, 1792-1793, of the Belgian Journal de la Societe des Amis de la Liberte et de L'Egalite, papers relating to the Duffel estate, and five Duffel family letters, 1814-1818, which speak of the burning of Washington, D.C., during the War of 1812, family news, army recruitment, speculations on new commercial ventures made possible by the war's conclusion, and detailed accounts, 1818, of the deaths of Edward Duffel's wife and John West Leonard; and 3) papers, 1832-1843, relating to the Claiborne family of Mississippi and Louisiana, including family gossip, discussions relating to marriage plans, and children's letters to their grandmother.
Munson Monroe Buford was born in Union County, S.C. He was a Confederate soldier, enlisting in 1862 in Company K, 5th South Carolina Cavalry. He accompanied General Wade Hampton's chief of staff in delivering dispatches arranging for the surrender of Confederate General Joseph E. Johnston. After the war, Buford became a farmer, landowner, trial justice, and sheriff of Newberry County, S.C. In the 1870s, Buford participated in the activities of the Red Shirts, a Democratic Party movement. He was the only member of the Ku Klux Klan ever brought to trial from Newberry County, S.C., in the United States Court. This trial (1872) ended in a hung jury and a mistrial. He was a member of the United Confederate Veterans, the Masons, and the Knights of Pythias and advocated for pension increases and tax exemptions for Confederate veterans, including securing pensions for slaves who went to war with their masters.
Microfilm copy of record book with lists of births, marriages, and deaths, 1799- 1906, of Hardin, Bugg, and Hartridge family members and some related families, chiefly of Georgia.
Henry Buinicky was born in 1918 in Charleston, N.H. He enlisted in the United States Army on 3 September 1943 and was soon after stationed at Fort Bragg, N.C., for artillery training. Following World War II, he married Priscilla Langdon in 1947. He died in 2002.
The collection contains Berkeley and Colleton County, S.C., deeds and grants, 1705-1748, primarily relating to William and Mary Bull, Burnaby Bull, John Bull, John Wamsley, Elizabeth Peartree, and Thomas Elliot. Included are plats, 1869, from Beaufort County, S.C.
Edward William Bullard was a chief petty officer at the Norfolk Navy Yard (now the Norfolk Naval Shipyard), Portsmouth, Va., and later a gunnery officer on various United States Navy ships during World War II. His wife, Clara Kale Bullard, lived in Belmont, N.C., during the War. The collection includes personal correspondence, 1942-1945, between Edgar William Bullard, on active duty with the United States Navy, first as a chief petty officer at the Norfolk Navy Yard and later as a gunnery officer on various ships during World War II, and Clara Kale Bullard at home in Belmont, N.C. More recent materials document the Bullards' post-war activities in North Carolina.
In part, microfilm. The majority of the collection is correspondence. Included are letters to Mildred Ann (Fry) Bullitt at Oxmoor Plantation, Louisville, Ky., from friends and relatives, and a few from Virginia, Missouri, Alabama, Ohio, New Mexico, and England. The letters relate principally to family and community news. Many of the Civil War-era letters are from Confederate prisoners of war. Other letters relate to Morgan's raid of July 1862 and efforts to get aid to Confederate prisoners. Most late 19th-century letters were written by Thomas Walker Bullitt to his wife while he travelled on business for his law firm. He wrote from New York, Canada, and London, among other places. Letters in the late 1890s and early 1900s are from James Bell Bullitt to his parents while he was a student at Washington and Lee University and in medical school at the University of Virginia. Letters for the period 1903-1920 are principally of James B. Bullitt and his family in Oxford, Miss., and Chapel Hill, N.C., where he was teaching in the medical schools. During World War I he was stationed at a military hospital in France and wrote of his daily life. Letters from the period 1920-1945 are from James B. Bullitt's sister, Agatha Bullitt Grabisch, from Berlin, Germany, where she was a journalist and teacher. She wrote about economic and political conditions as well as about visitors and family affairs. Volumes include three diaries, 1857-1864, of T. W. Bullitt during his time as a student at Centre College, Danville, Ky.; while studying law in Philadelphia; and during the Civil War. John Bell Bullitt's diary, 1928-1929, describes his travels in western Europe. Materials on microfilm are items from the genealogical files of William Marshall Bullitt (1873-1957). Families represented include the Bullitts, Christians, Logans, and Frys.
Prominent family members included William Bellinger Bulloch (1777-1852) of Georgia, mayor of Savannah, U.S. District Attorney, solicitor general of the state, collector of customs, state legislator, U.S. senator in 1813 (appointed), and founder and president of the State Bank of Georgia, 1816-1843; his daughter, Laura, who married Joseph Lorenzo Locke (d. 1864), an officer in the United States Army from 1828 to 1836 and a major in the Confederate Army and Chief Commissary of the state of Georgia; and Joseph Gaston Baillie Bulloch (b. 1852), a physician and genealogist, of Georgia and Washington, D.C.
James Dunwody Bulloch (1823-1901) was a United States Navy officer and later a Confederate naval agent. The collection includes letters, 11 July and 30 October 1849, from Bulloch to his friends Thomas Holdup Stevens (1819-1896) and Anna Maria Christie Stevens of Pennsylvania, discussing Bulloch's recent trip from Pennsylvania to his home at Roswell, Ga., United States Navy activities, and other matters.
The collection of the white Bullock and Evans families of Vance County, N.C., and Granville County, N.C., contain late nineteenth and early twentieth-century women's journals kept by Sarah Cobb Bullock, Lillian Bullock, and Mary E. Bullock; Lillian Bullock's 1917 photograph album with images of Watts School of Nursing in Durham, N.C., and the Sarah Elizabeth Hospital in Henderson, N.C.; an 1860s autograph book of Richard A. Bullock from his student days at the University of North Carolina shortly before the Civil War; day planners of David Pirie Evans related to the construction and maintenance of the Kerr Lake Recreation Area in North Carolina in the early 1950s; genealogical and family history information; and materials related to the University of North Carolina.
The collection documents the white Bullock, Hamilton, Coleman, Tarry, and Watkins families of Granville (now Vance) County, N.C., Mecklenburg County, Va., and Lowndes County, Miss., as well as people who were enslaved by them; Sally Fain, "a free woman of colour"; and Claiborn Littlejohn, a free Black person of New Orleans, La. Bullock family material consists of correspondence; financial and legal papers, including receipts and wills that document enslaved people and how they were trafficked; genealogical information; printed material; manuscript volumes of general store accounts; and some diary entries for the Bullock family of Granville County, N.C., especially William Bullock (1776-1829) and his son John Bullock (1799-1866). Early twentieth-century letters are chiefly to Mary E. Bullock from family members in Henderson, Williamsboro, Montpelier, and Nutbush, N.C. Materials of members of the Hamilton and related families concern Charles Eaton Hamilton, a plantation owner of Granville County, N.C., and Lowndes County, Miss.; people enslaved by him; and the families of his wives, Jane Coleman (d. 1850) and Sally Tarry Watkins, both of Mecklenburg County, Va. Correspondence concerns the trafficking of enslaved people and cases of self-emancipation by enslaved people; family and neighborhood news; courtship, child raising and the role of women as wives and mothers; the management of the family's plantations, including references to Indigenous people harvesting cotton in Mississippi; crop and land sales; Episcopal Church matters; the Civil War; and descriptions of life in Mobile, Ala., after the Civil War. There are also a few financial and legal papers, including a list of enslaved people with name, age, and in some cases familial relationships and occupational information, and a record book detailing plantation expenses in Mississippi, as well as other miscellaneous financial and legal documents belonging to unknown individuals.
The collection contains letters to and from Jefferson Davis, including an 1856 invitation from A. T. Bledsoe to Jefferson Davis to an evening party; a typescript copy of a letter, June 1823, from Sam Davis to his son Jefferson concerning family and personal news; and typescript and photostatic copies of a letter from Jefferson Davis to Major Walker Taylor in 1889, denying the rumor that he had intended to capture or assassinate Abraham Lincoln. Also included are photostatic copies of other items, including a bill, 1854, from Oak Hill Cemetery for burial expenses for Jefferson Davis' son; a letter, 20 March 1862, from S. Mullens, secretary of the Navy, Confederate States of America, to Jefferson Davis regarding the battle of the Monitor and the Virginia (Merrimac); a letter, 27 February 1865, from Mrs. M. E. Trotter and Miss E. P. Buel, to Jefferson Davis, offering their services, perhaps as spies, to the Confederacy; and a letter, 18 December 1878, from Jefferson Davis to C. E. Hooker responding to inquiries about former personal belongings. Additional items include a typescript copy of a letter, 3 September 1883, from Jefferson Davis to Hancock Taylor, General Abe Buford, and R. H. Taylor, declining an invitation to appear at the dedication of a monument to Zachary Taylor; and a printed reproduction of a portrait of Stonewall Jackson, with a photostatic copy of an explanation from the artist, J. R. Graham.
Alabama lawyer, legislator, and secessionist, whose father came south from Rhode Island.
The Frank W. Bullock Papers, 1982-2006, consist of legal documents and notes for civil and criminal cases Judge Bullock presided over in the United States District Court for the Middle District of North Carolina and opinions he wrote when he sat by designation on the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit. Topics include free speech, antitrust, environment, class action lawsuits, product liability matters, aviation disasters, federal securities law litigation, discrimination in employment and education, patent and trademark disputes, civil rights, campaign finance, and attorney's fees, among others. Acquired as part of the Southern Historical Collection.
The collection includes diaries, scattered correspondence, and writings of a family of Methodist ministers and editors of church publications of North Carolina. Among other volumes are the diary, 1838-1844, and autobiography, 1842, of Sidney D. Bumpass (1808-1851), while a minister and editor at various places in North Carolina, and the diary, 1842-1854, of his wife, Frances Moore Webb Bumpass (1819-1898), editor and publisher of the "Weekly Message" of Greensboro, N.C., 1851-1871, and officer in the Women's Foreign Missionary Society. There is very little information about Frances's editing or missionary activities. Also among the volumes are the intermittent diary, 1874-1899, of Sidney and Frances's son, Robah Fidus Bumpass (1850-1933), who was a Methodist minister in the North Carolina Conference for 54 years, and a diary of Robah's 1906 trip to Europe and the Middle East. In addition, there are scattered letters, including one from 1847 about a service Sidney Bumpass led that was attended by Siamese twins Chang and Eng Bunker; poems by family members; and stories by Robah Fidus Bumpass. There are also four scrapbooks, chiefly containing 20th-century clippings on church and world affairs, and material collected by Paul F. Bumpass about racial violence in Tennessee in 1946 when he was the district attorney responsible for investigating and prosecuting the cases.
The Buncombe family, Goelet family, Rogers family, and Smith family lived in North Carolina, Alabama, and Louisiana, dating from the colonial period to the 20th century.
Chang and Eng Bunker, the original Siamese twins, married sisters Sarah and Adelaide Yates in 1843 and established homes and families in Wilkes County and later Surry County, N.C. The collection includes correspondence, bills, and receipts, including slave bills of sale, of Siamese twins Chang and Eng Bunker relating to their North Carolina property, planting interests, family matters, and arrangements for exhibition tours. Also included are an account book, 1833-1839, showing income from public appearances and itinerary; clippings; photographs; articles about the twins by Worth B. Daniels and Jonathan Daniels and related material; and Joined at Birth, a 1998 videotape about the twins that was made by Advanced Medical Productions of Chapel Hill, N.C., for the Discovery Channel. The Addition of November 2011 is a ledger with entries presumably penned by Chang and Eng's business manager Charles Harris detailing the business-related and personal expenses of Chang and Eng during exhibition tours of Cuba, Europe, and the United States and for a period after they settled in North Carolina in 1839.
Christopher Wren Bunker served in the Confederate Army in eastern Tennessee and western Virginia. He was captured 7 August 1864 and imprisoned at Camp Chase, Ohio. The collection consists of seven letters, 1863-1864, from Christopher Wren Bunker serving in Tennessee and Virginia to his sister, and one letter, 12 October 1864, from Bunker in prison to his father, mother, brother, and sisters. The letters describe the weather and conditions in the army and give news of friends. The letter from prison discloses that Bunker had been captured and had been ill with smallpox at Camp Chase. The collection also contains an account book, 1880s, documenting personal and farm financial records of Christopher Wren Bunker.
Papers of white lawyer, North Carolina state legislator, congressman, and Democratic Party politician, Benjamin Hickman Bunn (1844-1907) include political correspondence, legal documents, financial materials, and some items related to the Bunn family of Nash County, N.C. Political correspondence chiefly concerns congressional elections and North Carolina Democratic Party conventions in the 1880s and 1890s and contains frequent references to the North Carolina Farmers' Alliance. Other political materials are speeches, petitions to the North Carolina General Assembly and to U.S. Representative Bunn who represented North Carolina's fourth congressional district. Slight family correspondence is primarily with Bunn's daughters. Legal documents include deeds, indentures, contracts, a will, and court documents, such as summons for relief, depositions, reports of referees, and criminal and civil case dockets. Of note are court documents for Hilliard v. Rowland which originated in Nash County, N.C., and was heard by the State Supreme Court of North Carolina in 1873. Financial materials are chiefly receipts and account balance sheets. Other items include an essay on "Bootlicking" (circa 1855) by Bunn's brother William, a University of North Carolina student, notebooks with remedies and pharmaceutical uses for various substances, certificates of membership to masonic temples, a wedding invitation, and a genealogical file compiled by descendants.
Maude Davis Bunn was born in 1888 in Yadkin County, N.C. She attended Meredith College in Raleigh, where she met lawyer J. Wilbur Bunn. They married on 17 September 1913 and had five children. Maude Davis Bunn was active in community and political affairs, traveled widely, and wrote a column based on her experiences for the Raleigh Times.
The Bunting Family resided in Wilmington, N.C.
Leonard M. Burford was a cotton planter of Lowndes County, Ala.
Burgess and Hunter was a Raleigh, N.C., firm of physicians and druggists. Albridgeton S. H. Burgess practiced medicine in Raleigh circa 1810-1822.
Emsley Burgess lived in Franklinville, Randolph County, N.C. His wife was Nancy Caviness. Burgess was buried in the Franklinville Methodist Cemetery. Tinsmith Thomas T. Hunt was born in Guilford County, N.C. He married Nancy Dougherty Stockton in 1822. The Hunts were Quakers, who had a large family and, by 1849, a small tract of land in Franklinville. The collection includes four items that relate to Emsley Burgess and his family and a diary, with entries 1845-1847, that was most likely written by Quaker tinsmith and farmer Thomas T. Hunt, while he and his family lived in Guilford County, N.C. The Emsley papers are two Randolph County, N.C., deeds of land, 24 December 1846 and 29 March 1849, to Burgess; a 25 April 1850 letter from J. A. Leach of Trinity College to William Burgess asking William to work for him in Thomasville during the summer; and a 27 May 1866 letter from B. C. Burgess in Westfield, Indiana, to his father, Emsley Burgess, about wages and job prospects in Indiana. The diary details farm and mechanical work, activities of family members, visits from neighbors, deaths, health, and attendance at Friends meetings in North Carolina. It ends just before the Hunts moved from Guilford County to Randolph County. Also included is a photocopy of Diary of a Tinsmith by L. W. Cates, which appeared in the Randolph County, N.C., Genealogical Journal (Fall 1996 and Spring 1997). The article argues for Thomas T. Hunt as author of the diary and provides a transcript of it.
Lucy D. Burgess taught English in schools in Gatesville, Gates County, N.C., and South Mills, Camden County, N.C., in the 1940s. She also wrote poetry, plays, and stories, and supplied newspapers with feature and local news articles. Her husband Fred Ross Burgess was principal of Gatesville High School, 1940-1941, and of South Mills High School, 1942- 1944. Their two sons were Fred Ross, Jr., and Colburn Randolph Burgess.
Joseph Benjamin Burgin (1835-1913) of Burke County, N.C., served in the Civil War in the 22nd North Carolina Infantry Regiment, Company K, from 1861 until 1863, during which time he was promoted to Sergeant and then 2nd Lieutenant. After the Civil War, Burgin worked for the Western North Carolina Railroad and lived near Old Fort, N.C. Burgin married Margaret E. Burgin in 1859. They had four children.
The Burgwyns, a white family of Northampton County, N.C., included such prominent family members as Henry King Burgwyn (1813-1877), planter, and his sons Henry King Burgwyn Jr. (1841-1863), a graduate of the University of North Carolina and a colonel in the 26th North Carolina Regiment, C.S.A.; William Hyslop Sumner Burgwyn (1845-1913), who served in the 35th North Carolina Regiment, was a graduate of the University of North Carolina and Harvard Law School, and a lawyer in Baltimore, Md., and Henderson, N.C., where he also ran a bank; John Alveston Burgwyn (1850-1898), planter, merchant, and government official of Northampton County; and Thomas Williams Mason Long, husband of Maria Greenough Burgwyn Long and a North Carolina state senator and physician who was active in the field of public health. The collection includes miscellaneous papers of the Burgwyn family of Northampton County, N.C. The bulk of the papers, other than the volumes, are those of William Hyslop Sumner Burgwyn of Henderson, N.C., chiefly in the 1880s, and consist of deeds, family letters, and papers pertaining to Henderson Female College. Volumes include a plantation diary, 1885-1889, and account books, 1880-1907, of John Alveston Burgwyn, and a record of cotton pickers' wages, 1919. Other items include copies of six colonial family letters from Wilmington, N.C.; a plantation account book and letters to the overseer from Henry King Burgwyn in Europe in 1851; letters from and diaries of Henry King Burgwyn Jr., as a Confederate officer, and a few of his other papers; and Maria Greenough Burgwyn Long's records of the Episcopal women's auxiliary at Roanoke Rapids, N.C., 1915-1917. The Additions of 2005, 2006, and 2013 consist primarily of correspondence among various Burgwyn family members, including George Pollock Burgwyn, Anna Greenough Burgwyn, Margaret Ann Bynum Jordan Ridley, Thomas Ridley Burgwyn, Marian Greenough Burgwyn Long, and Frank Patterson Hunter Jr., 1850-1994, discussing family matters. There are also some Burgwyn family portraits, 1860s-1890s; papers concerning Thomas Williams Mason Long and his career in public health, 1908-1964; and photographs of Long's early twentieth-century mosquito eradication project in Roanoke Rapids, N.C.
William Hyslop Sumner Burgwyn, lawyer, judge, and bank president, of Woodland, Northampton County, N.C. Among other activities, Burgwyn was president of the Farmers Bank of Woodland; superior court judge, 1937-1953; and member of the North Carolina legislature from 1917 through the mid- 1920s. He married Josephine Griffin of Woodland in 1911 and had four children: John Griffin; W. H. S. Jr.; Margaret E.; and Henry K.
William R. Burk is the former head of the John N. Couch Biology Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. His areas of research include the history of the Department of Botany at the University of North Carolina. Alma Holland Beers was the first woman research assistant in the Department of Botany at the University of North Carolina. From 1926 to 1944 she taught courses in general botany, classification and morphology of ferns, and the history of botany. Beers collaborated on two books with Department of Botany Chairman William Chambers Coker: The Boletaceae of North Carolina, 1943; and The Stipitate Hydnums of the Eastern United States, 1951.
Accounts kept by Burke of Rowan County, N.C., as guardian of Joseph D. Cowan, and, presumably, as a general merchant, including records of hiring slaves and selling tobacco.
Thomas Burke was a native of Ireland who emigrated first to Virginia where he practiced medicine, then to North Carolina (1771) where he was a lawyer. He served in the provincial congress; was a delegate to the Continental Congress; and was governor, 1781-1782.
William B. Burke (1864-1947) was a Methodist missionary in Shanghai, China. The collection includes letters to Burke and his wife Addie from his mother and his father, John William Burke, publisher and stationer of Macon, Ga. Topics discussed include the yellow fever epidemic in Florida, 1888; American politics and immigration legislation affecting the Chinese, 1890; and the business depression in the United States, 1891. Volumes are a handwritten sketch of the life of John William Burke, by George G. Smith, and two scrapbooks of a newspaper column, Life's Reflections.
Burlington Industries, Inc., founded by James Spencer Love (1896-1962), opened its first cotton manufacturing plant in 1924 in Burlington, N.C. The company found success throughout the 1900s, focusing on the development of diverse products, innovative technology, and a well-trained workforce. The company continued to grow until the 1990s, when significant financial losses led to its bankruptcy filing in 2001, and subsequent purchase in 2003 and merging with Cone Mills in 2004 into International Textile Group (ITG). The collection consists of the records of Burlington Industries, Inc., including office files of James Spencer Love in which he corresponded with management, other industry-related companies and organizations, and with politicians and other public figures about the textile business, organized labor, and international relations, particularly with Cuba; corporate history materials; accounting and operations records for various mills; public relations materials; photographic and audiovisual materials that depict employees, machinery, plants, products, and company events, including the Greater Greensboro Open golf tournament; product samples; and other related materials.
The Burnett family, farmers of Granville, N.C., included Atlas A. Burnett, (fl. 1842-1863); Zach Burnett, one time resident of Chapel Hill, N.C., (fl. 1842-1863); Ferrington Burnett, (fl. 1842); Martha Burnett, (fl. 1842); and Anna Burnett.
The collection consists of a typescript copy of an account of the life and Confederate service of Marcus LaFayette Burnett (b. 1845), describing his family history, his grandfather's emigration to Old Fort, N.C., in 1770; pioneer life; hunting; Revolutionary War battles in North Carolina and South Carolina; and Marcus LaFayette Burnett's Civil War experiences, including his service under Wade Hampton and descriptions of battles and camp life.
The John Henry Burnett Papers, 1914-2007, consist of scattered legal and political correspondence; a letter with family news from his wife, Ruth Deaton Burnett; handwritten religious writings; the Pender County Centennial commemorative book; and "Life Was Full: A Biographical Synopsis of John Henry Burnett and Ruth Deaton Burnett."
Microfilm of scrapbook with clippings and other materials relating to Civil War battles, Abraham Lincoln's assassination, and the Burnett family of Kentucky. Also included are a few poems and reminiscences.
Memoir written by Edwina Burnley and Bertha Burnley Ricketts, describing their family and their childhood at Somerset plantation, near Hazlehurst in Copiah County, Miss. Their father, Edwin Burnley (b. 1798), moved to Mississippi from Virginia in 1832 and married Maria Louisa Baxter (1820-1907) of Persippany, N.J., in 1852. The memoir describes plantation life, including many details about activities, relatives, neighbors, and slaves.
The Burns family had members and relatives located in Pennsylvania and North Carolina.
MICROFILM ONLY. Selections from scrapbooks compiled by Burroughs for his children, including letters, clippings, pictures, and other papers of and about the Burroughs family of Brunswick, Ga., and their Berrien, Hazelhurst, MacPherson, Johnston, and other relatives. Most items are of William Berrien Burroughs (1842-1917), including 19th-century family correspondence, letters he wrote while serving with the 7th Georgia Cavalry in the Civil War, and clippings of his historical articles. A copy of a letter, 1870, from Sidney Lanier, and of letters from Lanier's wife, Mary D. Lanier, are included.
The collection is a map of Columbus, Ga., during the Civil War, showing the location of major buildings, drawn from memory by George J. Burrus, 1928.
Alfred M. Burton was one of several sons of Robert and Agatha Burton of Granville County, N.C. He was licensed to practice law in North Carolina, 1807, and in Tennessee, 1808, and settled in Lincoln County, N.C., in the first decade of the 19th century. His seventh child, Sarah Virginia, married Robert Simonton Young of Cabarrus County, N.C., who was killed in the Civil War, leaving her with four children and property in North Carolina and in Milan County, Tex.
H. G. (Hutchins Gordon) Burton was a United States representative (1819-1824) from and governor (1824-1827) of North Carolina.
Robert Burton, Revolutionary War officer, delegate to the Continental Congress, lawyer, and politician, owned a large plantation near Williamsboro in Granville County (now Vance County), N.C., as well as much land in what eventually became Tennessee.
Thomas W. Burton and his wife Nancy lived in Yanceyville, Caswell County, N.C., from about 1850 to 1908.
The Burtwell family was chiefly in western Tennessee and Florence, Ala. The collection includes correspondence of members of the Burtwell family, chiefly discussing family news and travel to West Point, N.Y., and Washington, D.C.
Burwell family of Warren, Vance, and Granville counties, N.C., and Mecklenburg County, Va., and the Williams family of Warren County, N.C. Prominent Burwell family members were Armistead (d. 1819), Lewis (fl. 1792-1848), and Spotswood (1785-1855), all tobacco and cotton farmers in Mecklenburg County, Va.; Spotswood's children, William Armistead (1809-1887), tobacco and cotton farmer of North Carolina, Lewis D. (1813-1874), Blair (1815-1848), Armistead Ravenscroft (1820-1867), George Washington (1823-1873), Robert Randolph (1829-1892), and Mary Anne Spotswood (1825-1874), who married Dr. Otis Frederick Manson.; and William Armistead's son William Henry (1835-1917), also a tobacco and cotton farmer in North Carolina and Virginia. Personal, business, financial, and legal papers of the Burwell family, including items concerning growing and selling tobacco, cotton, and other crops; slave purchases, sales, and births; runaway slaves; plantation management by Lucy Crawley Burwell in the 1820s; gold-mining in Burke County, N.C.; horse breeding; civilian conditions during the Civil War and William Henry Burwell's purchase of a substitute to take his place in the Confederate army; taxes, farm, and household expenses; William Armistead Burwell's tenure as chairman of the Board of Superintendents of the Common Schools of Vance County, N.C.; estate settlements; the genealogy of the Burwell family; and records relating to the Tabernacle Methodist Episcopal Church and to a black school in Vance County, N.C., in the 1880s. Also included is an album of photographs taken and developed by Fannie Brodie Burwell, a young woman in Wilson, N.C., before her marriage in 1907. Papers of the Williams family include letters regarding the establishment of local academies in North Carolina and letters from students at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in the 1810s and 1830s. There are also two letters from Patrick Henry (1736-1799) about selling beef and slaves.
Armistead Burwell (1839-1913) was a lawyer of Charlotte, N.C., state senator, and North Carolina supreme court judge.
Edmund Strudwick Burwell was one of twelve children of Robert Armistead and Anna (Robertson) Burwell, both Presbyterian educators. Edmund S. Burwell attended Mr. Ralph Grave's school in Granville, N.C., during the Civil War, while his father and four older brothers served in the Confederate Army. He attended Hampden-Sidney College, 1866-1867, and later became a businessman in Charlotte, N.C.
George W. Burwell was a physician, planter, and businessman of Mecklenburg County, Va. He had family and business connections to Henderson, Granville County, N.C., and other locations along the North Carolina-Virginia border, largely through his brothers H. H., Louis, William, and Armistead R., and the family of his wife Elizabeth Gayle Burwell, particulary her parents Thomas Gayle (d. 1855?) and Elizabeth Gayle (d. 1868?).
Isabelle Busbee resided in Raleigh, N.C., in the first decade of the 20th century. In May 1906, she and several companions traveled to Europe, sailing from New York on the SS Haverford. In the course of her travels, she visited England, Scotland, France, Belgium, Germany, Switzerland, and Italy. In the last days of her journey, she visited Rome where she received an audience with the Pope on 19 August 1906. She returned to the United States aboard the RMS Carpathia, arriving in New York on 9 September 1906. The papers of Isabelle Busbee include a diary detailing her trip to Europe in the summer of 1906 and papers related to her travels. The diary contains details of daily excursions undertaken by Busbee and her traveling companions. Entries discuss the historic and cultural sites they visited in England, Scotland, France, Germany, Switzerland, and Italy. Most diary entries relate to travel circumstances and accommodations. Related items include a restaurant receipt, an itinerary of the trip, and schedules for activities aboard the Haverford and the Carpathia.
Trent Busby (1921-1991), gynecologist and obstetrician of Salisbury, N.C., was a graduate of the University of North Carolina and of Johns Hopkins Medical School (1946). In 1953, he opened his practice in Salisbury. In 1963, he became chief of staff at Rowan Memorial Hospital, where he had also served as head of OB/GYN. He retired in 1990. The collection comprises medical records, 1950s-1990s, of Trent Busby's patients. Records provide information on specific illnesses and treatments and on women's health in general.
Bush & Lobdell of Wilmington, Del., was a firm that supplied heavy machinery, parts, and tools for gins, textile works, railroads, and agriculture. Principals in the firm were Charles Bush and George G. Lobdell. The collection includes letters to Bush & Lobdell written by agents in Mobile, Ala., New Orleans, La., and Macon and Savannah, Ga., concerning orders, finance, and politics; and by southern railroad companies requesting wheels and axles.
John Bush was an adjutant officer to North Carolina troops in the Revolutionary War.
The Bushyhead Family Collection consists of materials relating to the Cherokee language project created by Robert H. Bushyhead and Jean L. Bushyhead Blanton, of Cherokee, N.C. There are audiocassettes, videotapes, and handwritten and typed preschool through twelth grade curriculum materials; notes related to the development of the preschool Cherokee language curriculum in reservation child care facilities; unpublished Cherokee and English language dictionaries; supporting project documentation; biographical materials and clippings about Cherokee language preservation; and miscellaneous items.
The Chapel Hill Business and Professional Women's Club held its first meeting on 12 May 1943. The club was affiliated with the National Federation of Business and Professional Women's Clubs, Inc. and with the North Carolina State Federation of Business and Professional Women's Clubs, Inc. The collection contains the records of the Chapel Hill Business and Professional Women's Club of North Carolina.
The collection contains papers of the Butler family of North Carolina, including a promissory note, a receipt, and a land survey, 1768-1788, relating to William Butler, Regulator leader; papers of William Butler's son and grandson, 1823-1834, regarding a disputed inheritance; and a volume, 1882-1885, kept by an unidentified school teacher (possibly a member of the Butler family) in Yadkin County, N.C., containing pupils' names and daily grades.
MICROFILM ONLY. Scattered items from the Butler family, including The Butler Family of South Carolina, 1610-1895, a memoir written in 1906 by Mrs. H. B. McBee of Greenville, S.C., describing Brooks, McBee, Thompson, and other family connections; The Young Heroes of Shiloh, an undated pamphlet published by the South Carolina Colportage Board, Charleston, S.C.; God Save Carolina and Victory of Manassas, two handwritten war songs; and three letters from women, 1865-1868, reflecting feelings after the war, comments on current reading, and personal matters.
Algernon Lee Butler, attorney in Sampson County, N.C., 1931-1959; active member of the Republican Party; and U.S. District Judge for Eastern North Carolina, 1959-1978.
James W. Tufts was a New England manufacturer and the founder and owner of a resort at Pinehurst, N.C. His son, Leonard W. Tufts, followed his father as owner of Pinehurst.
Charles S. Butler (1875-1944), a native of Tennessee and an admiral in the United States Navy, entered the Medical Corps of the Navy in 1900.
The collection of Texas jurist Edward F. Butler (1937-) contains digital copies of his self-published travel writings. Destinations described in (2004) and (2003) include Europe, Russia, Belarus, Oman, United Arab Emirates, India, Nepal, Singapore, Myanmar, Malaysia, and Thailand. Acquired as part of the Southern Historical Collection.
Florence Faison Butler was an active member of patriotic genealogical organizations and the wife of United States Senator and Populist leader Marion Butler.
George Edwin Butler was co-superintendent of public instruction of Sampson County, N.C., and lawyer of Clinton, N.C.; trustee of the University of North Carolina; director of the Bank of Clinton; member of the North Carolina House of Representatives, 1905; member of the Republican State Executive Committee; delegate to several Republican national conventions; and unsuccessful candidate for several offices, including state attorney general, U.S. Senator, Superior Court judge, and Supreme Court Judge.
Major George P. Butler was principal and commandant at Richmond Academy, Augusta, Ga. His wife was Livy Carlton Butler, daughter of Hon. and Mrs. H. H. Carlton of Athens, Ga.
MICROFILM OF TYPESCRIPT. Correspondence of Lucy Wood Butler of Charlottesville, Va., and Waddy B. Butler, who met while Waddy Butler was a student at the University of Virginia. They were married on 3 July 1861. The majority of Waddy's ten letters to Lucy were written from Fernandina, Fla., where he was attempting to make a career as a lawyer and also dabbling in state politics. He was an officer in a local militia group and entered the Confederate service at the outbreak of the war. Lucy Wood's diary begins in the spring of 1861 and continues with few significant interruptions until the spring of 1863. She speaks of her work sewing uniforms and treating ill soldiers, reports of skirmishes and battles (1st Manassas, Fort Donelson, and Shiloh among them), her struggle with typhoid fever, the deaths of friends and relatives, her reflections on the nobility of the Southern cause and a woman's role in it, and her growing sadness with the course of the war.
Marion Butler of Sampson County, N.C., was president of the North Carolina and National Farmers' Alliance and Industrial Union; state and national Populist Party leader; member of the North Carolina Senate; United States senator, 1895-1901; and Republican Party leader after 1904. He owned and edited a newspaper, the Caucasian, located at various times in Clinton, Goldsboro, and Raleigh, N.C. He practiced law in Washington, D.C., 1901-1938.
The Regulator movement in colonial North Carolina was a rebellion initiated by residents of the colony's inland region who believed that royal government officials were charging them excessive fees, falsifying records, and engaging in other mistreatments.
Microfilm of two pamphlets on rice growing in Louisiana, one by William Butler and another by an unknown author.
G. K. Butterfield (1947-) is a Black civil rights activist, U.S. Army veteran, lawyer, judge, and U.S. representative from Wilson, N.C. The collection consists chiefly of photographs, speeches, printed materials, newspapers, political ephemera, audiovisual materials, and artifacts that document G. K. Butterfield's personal and professional life; Black history, including judicial, political, and civic leaders in Wilson, N.C., the state of North Carolina, and in the United States; and politics and political figures in Washington, D.C., while Butterfield served in the U.S. House of Representatives and as chair of the Congressional Black Caucus. Topics include Butterfield's education at Charles H. Darden High School and North Carolina Central University; his career in law (at Fitch, Butterfield, and Wynn), in the judiciary (North Carolina Superior Court and North Carolina Supreme Court), and in politics (representing the 1st district of North Carolina in U.S. Congress); his lifelong social justice activism, especially for voting rights; awards and recognition, including congratulatory and thank you correspondence from presidents, Congressional colleagues, and others; local and national news coverage of current events, including September 11th, and national politics, including elections and impeachment; Butterfield's perspective on the Obama presidency; celebratory events, such as swearing-in ceremonies and anniversary observances of historic people and events, including the death of John Lewis and the Selma March; and G. K. Butterfield Sr.'s affiliation with the Old North State Dental Society. There are also files of ephemera, photographs, and artifacts curated by Butterfield that relate to his personal and professional life, work, and interests.
Joseph Button was Virginia Commisioner of Insurance, 1925-1929. He also served on the Virginia Military Institute's Board of Visitors and was a member of the Noble Order of the Blue Goose and of the Shriners. He became president of Union Life Insurance Company, Richmond, Va., in 1929.
Ralph Potts Buxton was a Fayetteville, N.C., lawyer, judge, Republican Party leader, member of the state convention of 1875, and candidate for governor, 1880.
School notebook, circa 1867, of Jess Bynum, containing translations of Homer, later used as a scrapbook of clippings about the Civil War, Reconstruction, slavery, and other topics.
John Bowen Bynum was a lawyer of Northampton County, N.C.; member of University of North Carolina class of 1848; and member of N.C. state legislature, 1853.
William Preston Bynum (1820-1909), Republican, lawyer, prosecutor, and associate justice of the North Carolina Supreme Court. The collection includes papers of William Preston Bynum (1820-1909) and members of the Bynum family. The bulk of the collection consists of correspondence, legal papers, and financial papers relating to legal matters, 1850s through 1910s. Civil War and political correspondence is slight. Papers chiefly concern land and estate settlements, mortgages, paying of notes, sale of land in Virginia and North Carolina, the business of the High Shoals Manufacturing Company, the Adams Mining and Reduction Company, and the King's Mountain Gold Mine. Also in the collection are letters, essays, and financial papers of Bynum's brother, John Gray Bynum (d. 1857), and John Gray Bynum's record book, April-June 1838, kept when he was serving as a colonel commanding North Carolina volunteers assisting in Cherokee removal in western North Carolina. Papers of the family of Moses Ashley Curtis include journals of Armand DeRosset Curtis (1839-1856) as a boy traveling with his father from North Carolina to Massachusetts in 1851 and to Charleston in an unknown year, as well as an account book and an unidentified volume that appear to have belonged to Moses Ashley Curtis. The addition of June 2002 includes additional material relating to legal matters, to the High Shoals Manufacturing Company, and to personal matters, as well as a few papers of Curtis A. Bynum. The addition of July 2012 includes letters to Bynum written by Archibald Henderson and W. M. Bond, 1913-1915. The addition of August 2022 includes a handwritten ledger,1849-1861, of John Gray Bynum, William Preston Bynum's brother; a loose sheet of paper with sums and amounts calculated; a loose copy of a 1928 promissory deed for furniture and 500 dollars to Mr. Curtis Bynum of Asheville, N.C.; and a slip of paper with a handwritten inventory of the journal's contents, presumably written by the donor Hank Barnet.
The collection includes photocopies of seven items, 1794-1834, including an undated manuscript map, pertaining to property, land titles, and business transactions of the Dismal Swamp Canal Company, Norfolk County, Va., and Camden County, N.C.; and two unrelated items, a United States Treasury order, 1854, and a letter asking help in locating a Mr. Cooper, 1855.
Lois Tomlinson Byrd, a white journalist, received her A.B. in journalism from the University of North Carolina in 1935. After graduation, she worked at the Tribune in New Bern, N.C. In mid-1936, she became the first director of the Meredith College News Bureau. The original deposit consists mostly of letters, 1934-1937, to Lois Tomlinson Byrd from former fellow co-eds at the University of North Carolina. Letters discuss social life, careers, memories of university days, husbands and relatives, and other matters. Also included are a few items relating to a co-ed sponsored dance that Byrd organized at UNC in 1935, and photocopies of some of Byrd's comments about materials in the collection. The additions consist of correspondence; subject files; and printed material, including newspaper clippings, brochures, and ephemera. Topics include Harnett County cultural resources student life for women students at the University of North Carolna at Chapel Hill during the 1930s, as well as alumnae relations; women's clubs during the 1950s; the Republican Party, civic engagement, governance, and services in Lee County, N.C.; North Carolina history; get well cards; churches; and other local concerns. Also included are newspaper articles (Social Notes and The Lee Scene), biographies, and other writings by Lois Byrd.
Sam Byrd was an author, actor, and producer, of Mt. Olive, N.C.
William M. Byrd of Linden, Ala., was a lawyer, state legislator, and state supreme court judge.
The collection consists of two notebooks that contain transcripts of about 92 letters, written by William Byrd II between 1717 and 1724; poems; a short story manuscript; character sketches; an epitaph for Edward Nott's monument; and a diary written in code covering the years from 1739 to 1741.
James R. D. Byrn was a resident of Orange County, N.C.


The C.S. Brown Regional Cultural Arts Center and Museum Records document the history of the C.S. Brown building in Winton, Hertford County, N.C., as it served the African American community from its inception as the Chowan Academy in 1886 through its subsequent reconstitutions as the Waters Normal Institute (1886-1943), C.S. Brown High School (1943-circa 1970), C.S. Brown School (circa 1970-1986), and finally as it is known today, C.S. Brown Regional Cultural Arts Center and Museum (1986-). Materials include institutional histories, scrapbooks, photographs, diplomas and awards, student letters and work, programs and invitations, school publications, Parent Teacher Association minutes, and bound journals documenting student accounts, cafeteria records, and student grades.
Contains audio and video recordings of interviews with plaintiffs and attorneys who were involved in the 1971 Griggs v. Duke Power Supreme Court case, a landmark employment discrimination case. These oral histories were conducted by Latino American attorney and historian Raymond Caballero in 1991, at the time of the 20th anniversary of the ruling. The case was brought against Duke Power Company by thirteen Black men who were employed as janitors at Duke Power's Dan River hydroelectric power plant in Draper, N.C., to challenge discriminatory hiring and promotion practices. Caballero interviewed several of the plaintiffs, Julius Chambers (lead attorney, working on behalf of the NAACP Legal Defense Fund), Kelly Alexander, Jr. (the son of the state president of the NAACP at the time of the case), and attorneys who represented Duke Power.
The Cabarrus and Slade families of North Carolina included Stephen Cabarrus (1754-1808), a French immigrant, North Carolina politician, and namesake of Cabarrus County, N.C.
George Hovey Cadman was a soldier in the 39th Ohio Infantry Regiment during the Civil War.
The Caffery and Richardson families of Iberia Parish, La. Prominent family members include Bethia Liddell Richardson (d. 1852); her husband, Francis DuBose Richardson (b. 1812), sugar planter at Bayside Plantation on Bayou Teche and state legislator; their daughter, Bethia (Richardson) Caffery (fl. 1866-1907); and her husband, Donelson Caffery (1835-1906), son of Donelson Caffery (fl. 1830s) and Lydia Murphy Caffery McKerall (fl. 1835-1881), lawyer of Franklin, La., sugar planter, Confederate soldier, state legislator, and U.S. senator, 1892-1901.
The collection contains genealogical data for the Caffey family and one letter from W. S. Catts.
Members of the Cain family resided in North Carolina and Mississippi during the 1940s.
William Cain (1847-1930) was a mathematician and civil engineer.
The Calder family resided in Wilmington, N.C. Prominent members included brothers William Calder (b. 1844) and Robert E. Calder.
David Franklin Caldwell was a politician and businessman of Greensboro, N.C. Caldwell was a member of the North Carolina legislature, 1848-1858, 1864, and 1879.
Letters, 1929-1931, from Erskine Caldwell (1903- ), to Richard Johns (1904-1970), editor of Pagany, about material submitted by Caldwell to the magazine, the craft of writing, other material in Pagany, other magazines and writers, and Caldwell's own work and publishing plans. There are a few family letters, 1943, to Margaret Bourke-White, from whom Caldwell had just been divorced; clippings about Caldwell; a typescript of a chapter from a biography of Caldwell dealing with his marriage to Helen Caldwell Cushman; and other items.
James B. Caldwell of Alabama was 19 years old when he entered the Civil War in the 13th Tennessee Infantry Regiment. He served in the regiment in Tennessee, Missouri, Kentucky, Arkansas, and Mississippi.
John Caldwell was a merchant of Morganton, N.C.
Joseph Caldwell was the first president of the University of North Carolina where he was also a professor of mathematics.
Samuel Caldwell (1750-1825) and his wife Elizabeth Gullick Caldwell resided in Gaston County, N.C.
Tod Robinson Caldwell was a lawyer and Republican governor of North Carolina, 1871-1874, from Burke County, N.C.
Wallace Everett Caldwell was a native of Brooklyn, N.Y. He was professor of history at the University of North Carolina, 1922-1961, and author of books and articles on ancient history. The collection includes professional correspondence, 1923-1962, chiefly relating to Wallace Everett Caldwell's career as a professor of ancient history at the University of North Carolina, and Caldwell's writings about ancient history. Also included are personal letters, 1931-1961; subject files; photographs; diplomas; clippings; and other items, among them a photograph album from Caldwell's honeymoon in 1915. In the subject files is an 1864 letter from Henry Wadsworth Longfellow to R. S. Jennings about a copy of Martel's Picture of Central Park; the connection between this letter and Caldwell is unclear. Other materials pertain to Caldwell's membership in the Masonic Order and his service as Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of North Carolina, 1950-1951. There are also photographs and other pictures relating to various aspects of Caldwell's life, including his Masonic work.
Creighton Lee Calhoun (1934-2020) was a white heirloom southern apple collector, author, and retired Army lieutenant colonel who lived in Chatham County, N.C. The Creighton Lee Calhoun Papers on Southern Apples consist of notebook binders of images of apples, Calhoun's correspondence with apple cultivators in the South, his annotated research files documenting southern apple varieties and their origins, and newspaper clippings about apple varieties and his apple research. Also included are several visual catalogs used by traveling nursery vendors that illustrate apples.
William Calk (fl. 1775) traveled from Prince William County, Va., to Boone's Fort on the Kentucky River in 1775. The collection is a typescript copy of a daily journal, 13 March 1775-2 May 1775, kept by Calk while on this trip.
The Callahan family of Vinton, Va., included brothers Thomas William Callahan and Warren E. Callahan. Thomas Callahan served in the United States Marines (1st Marines) during World War II in Japan, 1943-1945; Warren served in the United States Army (32nd Infantry) in Japan and Korea during the Korean War, 1949-1951. The collection includes war-time letters from Thomas William Callahan and Warren E. Callahan. Thomas's letters, 1943-1945, follow him from the Marine barracks at Parris Island, S.C., to Japan, and finally to Portsmouth, Va. The letters, about half of which date from January to May 1944, mainly describe everyday military life, including food, weather, and health issues. Two of the letters are from cousin Bill Sheaff, who fought in the war with a different unit. Warren's letters, January 1949-October 1951, follow him from Fort Jackson, S.C., to Japan and Korea. The letters mainly detail everyday military life in training camps and overseas. He also described civilian life in Korea and Japan. Three photocopies of wartime photographs accompany Warren's final letter, 20 October 1951.
The collection is a partial genealogical sketch, 1945, involving Cadwallader Jones, Willie Jones, and the Brodnax and Callum families of North Carolina and Virginia.
MICROFILM ONLY. Record of baptisms, confirmations, communicants, marriages, burials, and special offerings at Calvary Church, Tarboro, N.C., and a history of the Episcopal Church in Edgecombe County written in 1878 by Joseph Blount Cheshire.
The collection contains a marriage settlement between John P. C. Whitehead of Burke County, Ga., and Catherine E. Fitzsimmons, Richland County, S.C., in trust to Charles A. Rowland.
Sallie Wood Moore was born in Hertford County, N.C. She married Samuel James Calvert (1856-1944) in 1878. The Calverts lived in Jackson, Northampton County, N.C., and had five children.,
The Orange County, Durham County, Person County, and Raleigh, N.C. plantations of the Cameron family were home to several generations of white Cameron and Bennehan family members and more than one thousand people enslaved by them. The Camerons also owned substantial plantations and enslaved people in Greene County, Ala., and Tunica County, Miss. North Carolina plantations and family houses included Belvin's Quarter, Bennehan Square, Bennehan Mill (later Red Mill), Bobbitt's, Brick House, Burnside, Eno Mill, Eno Quarters, Fairntosh (sometimes referred to as "Home House"), Fish Dam, Horton Grove, Hunt's Place, Jim Ray's, Jones's Quarter, Leathers, Little River, McKissack's, Mill Quarter (or Person's Mill), North Point, Peaksville Place, Person, Snow Hill, and Stagville. The bulk of the collection consists of correspondence, financial and legal documents, and account books that detail plantation management, as well as the relationships, social lives, and well-being of wealthy white men, their wives and children, and the community of enslaved people whose forced labor generated the family's wealth. Of note are materials that identify or document enslaved people, including plantation lists and ledgers that record names, ages, family relationships, labor, and provisioning; bills of sale; account records that show medical care, labor, and supplies; and legal case files that concern enslaved people claimed as property. There is extensive information about Richard Bennehan's store at Stagville, N.C., and the Stagville and Fairntosh plantations, including crop records. Other topics include Duncan Cameron's legal career, the State Bank of North Carolina and the banking industry, the education of the Cameron children at various schools, the development of the University of North Carolina, the state militia, the Episcopal Church, railroads, and state government. There are also speeches, writings, printed material, pictures, and miscellaneous other types of personal papers.
Bennehan Cameron, a white plantation owner, railroad executive, industrialist, and promoter of good roads, of Fairntosh and Stagville plantations, Durham County, N.C., and Raleigh, N.C. Correspondence, diaries, financial papers, farm account books, breeding records, family history materials, and other items relating to Bennehan Cameron's many interests and activities. Documented are his involvement in agricultural organizations, farming and dairying operations, the North Carolina National Guard, railroads, the Good Roads movement in North Carolina and elsewhere in the South, the North Carolina legislatures of 1915-1921, the construction of Revolutionary and Confederate monuments, horse breeding and racing, the Society of the Cincinnati, and Anglo-American amity organizations. Included is extensive correspondence reflecting the activities of the Cameron family of Hillsborough, N.C., and the family of Bennehan Cameron's wife Sallie Mayo Cameron of Richmond, Va.; genealogical materials relating to the Bland, Broadnax, Cameron, Mayo, Nash, Roane, and Ruffin families; and broadsides opposing women's suffrage.
D.C. Cameron was a farmer in Moore County, N.C.
John Donald Cameron (1820-1897) lived in Fayetteville, N.C.
Sarah Rebecca Cameron of Hillsborough, N.C., daughter of William Cameron (1816-1893) and Emma S. (Moore) Cameron, was a novelist under the pseudonym of H. M. Legrange, and author of articles and poems for children's and religious magazines. She was an active supporter of the Confederate cause. In the 1870s and 1880s she was employed by the U.S. Treasury Department.
Records of Camp Sea Gull and Camp Seafarer, YMCA coastal sailing camps located at Arapahoe, N.C. Office files, printed materials, operations manuals, photographs, and audiovisual materials document the work of white founding director Wyatt Taylor and the board of directors, the early years of the camp and ongoing development and expansion, advertising, communications across the broader YMCA network, counselor training, and campers and the camp experience.
John Archibald Campbell (1811-1889) was associate justice of the United States Supreme Court and assistant secretary of the Confederate War Department and related to the Campbell, Colston, Groner, and other families represented in this collection.
Allen Leroy Campbell (1921-2011), of Statesville, N.C., served in the United States Navy during World War II. Campbell attended boot camp at Camp Peary, Va., and was in Gulfport, Miss., and Camp Shoemaker, Calif., before boarding the U.S.S. Oakland, where he was stationed until his separation from the Navy at Camp Shelton, Va., on 22 January 1946. He and his wife, Hazel, had two children, Allen, Jr., and Virginia.
Elizabeth Rose Campbell was born in 1952 in Rocky Mount, N.C. She received her B.A. in studio art and journalism from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in 1975. She worked as assistant editor of the Southern Economic Journal, 1975-1976, and as assistant editor of the Chapel Hill, N.C., based The Sun, A Magazine of Ideas, 1977-1981. Campbell worked at the Omega Institute for Holistic Studies in Rhinebeck, N.Y., in 1982; she began publishing her own essays and poems in The Rose Reader in 1984; and she started an astrological consulting service called Wild Rose Consulting in 1985. Beginning in 1989, Campbell typically spent summers in Tivoli, N.Y., and winters in Chapel Hill, N.C. Intuitive Astrology: Follow Your Best Instincts to Become Who You Always Intended to Be was published in 2003. Campbell died of cancer in 2004.
Given Campbell (1835-1906) was a lawyer from Saint Louis, Mo. At the outbreak of the Civil War, he joined the Confederate Army, was commissioned a captain, and served with Nathan Bedford Forrest's cavalry. By the end of the war, he was given charge of Jefferson Davis's personal escort.
Josiah Abigail Patterson Campbell was a Confederate congressman and officer, lawyer and Mississippi supreme court justice.
The collection contains genealogical correspondence, 1920s and 1930s, of J. Bulow Campbell of Atlanta, Ga., and an accumulation of family papers and data concerning the Campbell, Bulow, Orme, Hay, Paine, Baldwin, Crowell, Edmonston, Beall, Crawford, Geddes, McChesney, Wilson, and related families. Nineteenth century documents include three letters, 1820-1821, from David Crowell Campbell (1800?-1862), a student at Hamilton College, Clinton, N.Y.; other Campbell family letters, 1809-1825; and papers relating to land and slaves owned by John Bulow Campbell (1829-1885) of Baldwin County, Ga.
Letters to Professor Campbell, Washington College (Lexington, Va.) from Thomas Jonathan Jackson, 1858, about the Lexington Sabbath School for Negroes, and from Gen. Robert E. Lee, 1867 and 1870, about college matters.
The collection of white missionary teacher John Charles Campbell (1867-1919) and white educator Olive Dame Campbell (1882-1954) contains diaries, notebooks, correspondence, articles, reports for organizations and foundations, printed items, and photographs documenting the New England couple’s work in education and community organizing in the southern region of Appalachia during the first half of the twentieth century. Diaries and notebooks chronicle Olive’s travel in the mountains of Georgia, Kentucky, North Carolina, and Tennessee and later Scandinavia where she studied the Nordic folk school movement. Notes and diary entries written in southern Appalachia contain her detailed observations about the region, its inhabitants and their traditions, fellow missionaries, folk music particularly English ballads, and mountain travel. Articles, reports, correspondence, and printed materials pertain chiefly to mountain work conducted by the Russell Sage Foundation, Council of Southern Mountain Workers, Mountain Valley Cooperative, Inc., Southern Highlands Handicraft Guild, Southern Highlanders, Inc., other organizations, and the John C. Campbell Folk School, which was founded by Olive after John's death. Photographs depict members of the Campbell and Dame families, modes of travel in the mountains, industry especially logging, scenic vistas, mountain homes and families, John C. Campbell Folk School students and their craftwork, other schools in Appalachia and Scandinavia, illegal distilling operations, and the American southwest where John traveled in 1892. Also included are images made by photographer Doris Ulmann, who visited the Folk School in 1933.
The Tillerow Campbell papers consist of the 1858 bill of sale documenting the purchase of Tillerow Campbell, a three-year-old African American child, for $335 by L. V. Campbell, a white lawyer in Union Grove, Iredell County, N.C.; the loyalty oath of L. V. Campbell, signed 3 August 1865, in which he swore to "abide by faithfully and support all laws and proclamations made during the existing rebellion with reference to the emancipation of slaves"; a letter, 1872, to L. V. Campbell from Richard A. McLaughlin, a lawyer and accountant, concerning an estate settlement for which Campbell had been charged for "negro hire" for 1863-1865, rent of land, and principle and interest on "one-third of a Negro Boy sold Sept 21st 1854...to 1st Apl 1872 is $244.47"; an undated cash valuation of L. V. Campbell's property; and two newspaper clippings with death notices for L. V. Campbell and his wife, Mrs. L. P. Bennett, who remarried after his death.
W. Creighton Campbell (fl. 1876-1880) was a Presbyterian minister in West Virginia. The collection contains two volumes. The first is a diary kept by Campbell for just over one year, 28 May 1879 to 1 April 1880, relating to his life and ministry in Harper's Ferry, W.Va. The second, earlier volume, dated 1876 to 1879, is comprised of four main sections: the constitution, bylaws, and meeting minutes of the Berkeley Springs Library and Reading Room Association of which Campbell was one of four directors; notes on the history of Protestant churches since the Reformation; sermon notes on prophecy and three books of the New Testament; and 14 undated diary entries.
Charles Henry Campfield (fl. 1835-1847) was a resident of Savannah, Ga.
Harry L. Canfield, an Ohio native, was a Universalist minister in Greensboro, N.C., and Kinston, N.C., 1922-1936.
Mrs. Charles Albert Cannon (Ruth C. Cannon) was an active member of the Garden Club of North Carolina and a resident of Concord, N.C.
Correspondence, subject files, photographs, tapes, clippings, and other material, circa 1920-1991, documenting the life of Isabella Walton Cannon (b. 1904), mayor of Raleigh, N.C., 1977-1979. Included is documentation of Cannon's activities as mayor, as well as material relating to her interests in women's rights, senior citizens, and other civic affairs, and correspondence and other items from her years as the wife of a U.S. State Department official serving in China and Liberia, 1945-1954.
The collection contains a land grant to John Cannon, February 5, 1787, signed by William Moultrie, governor of South Carolina.
Speech by Joseph Gurney Cannon (1836-1926) of Illinois, speaker of the United States House of Representatives, at the Guilford College Meeting House near his birthplace, concerning the contributions to American life of North Carolina Quakers and the responsibilities of the Caucasian race.
Since at least the eighteenth century, members of the Cantrell family have lived throughout the South, including in North Carolina, Tennessee, and Arkansas.
John Lucas Paul Cantwell (1828-1909) was born in Charleston, S.C., the son of Patrick Cantwell, an Irish immigrant, and Lydia Lucas Cantwell. In between stints working as a drug clerk in Charleston, S.C., and New Orleans, La., Cantwell served in the Mexican War as a member of the Palmetto Regiment, South Carolina Volunteers. Sometime during the 1850s, he moved to Wilmington, N.C., and began serving in the 30th North Carolina Militia. During the Civil War, he served in several Confederate military units and spent time in federal prison at Fort Delaware, Del., Morris Island, S.C., and Fort Pulaski, Ga., as a member of the Immortal 600, a group of prisoners taken to Morris Island, Fort Pulaski, and Hilton Head, S.C., by federal forces in an attempt to save those places from Confederate fire. After the war, he became a produce broker in Wilmington and kept up his connection with the Wilmington Light Infantry and with Confederate veterans' organizations.
The collection includes correspondence, volumes, financial items, and other materials, mostly 1811-1899, of the Capehart family of Scotch Hall Plantation, Bertie County, N.C., plus some material of the related Martin family of Philadelphia. Correspondents include Susan Bryan Martin (b. 1815), who married George Washington Capehart, and her father, Peter Boyd Martin (1777-1838), who settled in Alexandria, La. Letters discuss personal and family matters, including fears and hardships endured by members of the family and their friends in Virginia or in areas of North Carolina occupied by Union forces during the Civil War. Of particular interest are the letters of William Rhodes Capehart, son of George W. and Susan (Martin) Capehart, describing his life as a surgeon and soldier in the Confederate Army. Also included are volumes containing slave records, 1840-1864; miscellaneous accounts; genealogical information; and a recipe book containing a list of the names of former slaves who remained at Scotch Hall after the war. The Addition of September 2007 contains materials documenting later generations of the Capehart Family, primarily William Selby Harney, Jr., and his mother, Clara Capehart Harney. Clara Capehart Harney was the daugther of William Rhodes Capehart. Included is a photograph album of the Capehart family, with most of the images identified; four scrapbooks documenting Capehart and Harney family history compiled by William Selby Harney, Jr.; one scrapbook of items relating to William Selby Harney, Jr., compiled by Clara Capehart Harney; and an oral history interview with William Selby Harney, Jr., conducted by his niece, Helen Harney Conrad.
Family records in two Bibles: Capehart records of marriages, births, and deaths, 1800-1851; and Capehart and Rhodes records of marriages, births, and deaths, 1822-1878.
The collection is primarily Civil War letters to Meeta A. Capehart of Kittrells, Granville County, N.C., from her husband, Captain Baldy Ashburn Capehart, assistant quartermaster, 15th North Carolina Battalion, in Virginia and North Carolina, describing his activities and duties and advising his wife on the management of their farm. Also included are scattered Armistead and Capehart family papers and colonial land grants from the Albemarle Sound region of North Carolina.
The collection is chiefly family letters from Susan Bryan Martin Capehart and George W. Capehart of Bertie County, N.C., to their son, William Rhodes Capehart, who was attending school in Edenton, N.C., 1846-1849, giving him news of home and advice. Also included are seven letters from William R. Capehart serving as a Confederate soldier, apparently with the 10th North Carolina Regiment, chiefly at Cheraw, S.C., October 1863-March 1864, about military and personal matters; a routine personal note, 1867, from Robert E. Lee; and other scattered family letters.
Ellison Capers (1837-1908) was a Confederate brigadier general and Episcopal bishop in South Carolina. The collection includes letters to Capers: one from General Stephen Dill Lee concerning responsibility for strategic errors at Spring Hill, in the Nashville-Franklin campaign, 1864; and two about a Bible given by Capers to William Rowlinski during the Civil War.
The Cardinal Health Agency was a Lumberton, N.C., organization created under the National Health Planning and Resources Development Act of 1974. The organization's mission was to assess health needs in southeastern North Carolina and to plan ways to meet them in an efficient, cost-effective manner. The collection documents the work of the Cardinal Health Agency of Lumberton, N.C., through reports, memoranda, correspondence, audiotapes, and photographs. Office files include various versions of Cardinal Health Agency's Health System Plan and Annual Implementation Plan, as well as health project evaluation records. The Executive Reading File contains correspondence, internal memoranda, project evaluations, news releases, and director's updates. Project Review files include materials relating to decisions on proposed health projects that required federal funding. Files relating to other North Carolina health systems agencies, including the Piedmont Health Systems Agency and the Western North Carolina Health Systems Agency, contain health system plans, annual implementation plans, and project review manuals. Also included are photographs of members of the board of directors and audiotapes of board and committee meetings.
Thomas J. Carey of New Branford, Conn., served as a private with Company E of the 15th Connecticut Infantry Regiment in the spring and early summer of 1865. The collection contains the diary kept by Thomas J. Carey during the Civil War, with a few later entries. During the Civil War, his unit was posted to Lenoir County, N.C., and Craven County, N.C., in eastern North Carolina. Carey's diary contains descriptions of New Bern, N.C.; various skirmishes; the Battle of Wise Forks; provost duty at Kinston, N.C.; friendly relationships and conversations with local inhabitants; and his reactions to Lee's surrender and Lincoln's assassination. Company E was mustered out of service on 27 June 1865 and returned home to New Haven, Conn., to be discharged on 12 July 1865. Later entries address Carey's reintegration into civilian life and his wedding. A partial transcript is included.
Carhart & Roff was a merchant firm based in Macon, Ga., that was founded in 1841. The firm was named for its originators and principal investors, Elijah H. Carhart (1827-1885) and Aaron A. Roff (1815-1880).
Edward Ward Carmack (1858-1908) of Sumner County, Tenn., was a lawyer, editor of Nashville and Memphis, Tenn., newspapers, prohibitionist, United States representative, 1897-1901, and senator, 1901-1907. The collection contains the papers of Edward Ward Carmack, chiefly pertaining to his elections to the House, 1896 and 1898; his Senate re-election defeat in 1906; and his defeat in the Democratic gubernatorial primary, 1908. Included are correspondence and papers relating to the campaigns along with speeches and letters of congratulations; political scrapbooks including one concerning the Philippines; clippings; messages received about Carmack's assassination; personal and business papers of Carmack's widow and son in the 1920s, including items relating to land in Lakeland, Fla.; a lettercopy book of a lumber business in Burnside, Ky., 1894-1895; pictures primarily of unidentified individuals, including postcards of African American agricultural laborers; and two photograph albums of African American agricultural laborers from the Rosemary farm or plantation, probably in Alabama.
Francis McMillan Carmack was a teacher and Campbellite Christian (Disciples of Christ) preacher.
The Carmichael family lived in Augusta, Ga.
John F. Carmichael (1761-1837) of Fort Adams, Miss., and Pinckneyville, Miss., U.S. Army surgeon, cotton planter, postmaster, and collector for the Mississippi District for the United States Treasury; John Carmichael Jenkins (d. 1855), doctor, horticulturist, and cotton planter of Natchez, Miss.; and an unidentified individual, surname Winchester (possibly Josiah Winchester, who served as guardian to Jenkins's children after Jenkins's death). Both Carmichael and Jenkins were natives of Pennsylvania. Papers include correspondence with cotton factors, business agents, and overseers; business and personal accounts and receipts; legal papers; medical notes; lists of supplies; and other items. Items, 1779-1834, belong, with one exception, to John F. Carmichael. Items dated 1833, 1838-1855, belong to John Carmichael Jenkins, and four items, 1871-1872, 1882, and 1896, are possibly those of Josiah Winchester. Undated papers belong mostly to Jenkins, with a few for Carmichael. Carmichael's papers document medical supplies and postal accounts at Fort Adams, Miss.; shipping along the Mississippi River between Natchez, Miss., and New Orleans, La.; and the sale of cotton grown at his Cold Spring Plantation in Wilkinson County, Miss. Jenkins's papers document crops and the work of slaves on River Place Plantation in Adams County, Miss.; the cotton market; experimentation with fruit growing; outbreaks of disease in and around Natchez; and, to a small extent, Jenkins family life and activities at Elgin Plantation outside Natchez, where Jenkins seems to have operated an apothecary.
MICROFILM ONLY. Reminiscences and family correspondence of Carmouche, daughter of John Tinsley Jeter (1799-1862), Point Coupee Parish, La., sugar planter, and wife of Emile A. Carmouche (died 1885) of St. Landry and Shreveport, La. Reminiscences (266 pages), written 1913-1915, concern plantation, family, and social life before and after the Civil War, and life in New Orleans during the war. Most items are family letters, including letters, chiefly 1850s, from Carmouche's father, John Tinsley Jeter, to her mother, Ann Watkins McAshan (1814-1878), and letters, 1860s, from Emile A. Carmouche to Annie. These letters deal with activities in Point Coupee and New Orleans, Emile's imprisonment by Union forces in New Orleans, and other matters.
Carney family of Wilmington, N.C., including brothers H. Gaston Carney and Marshall F. Carney, and Marshall Carney's daughter, Lucy Ann Glover. H. Gaston Carney and Marshall Carney were soldiers in World War I. The collection contains World War I items, photographs, souvenirs, and newspaper clippings chiefly relating to H. Gaston Carney and Marshall F. Carney. Materials mainly date from 1918 to 1964, although a few of the photographs are from the late 1890s. Included are five small diaries kept by H. Gaston Carney, September 1918-March 1919, that document his everyday experiences as a soldier in France during World War I. The diaries were transcribed by Lucy Ann Glover in 2002. Photographs include images of military and civilian life. Newspaper clippings relate to the 1927 American Legion reunion in France that Marshall Carney attended and document H. Gaston Carney's insurance industry honors and love of golf. Also included are souvenirs from the American Legion reunion, brochures from a trip to Cuba, and other items.
Kate S. Carney was the daughter of a merchant of Murfreesboro, Tenn.
In 1873, the Wilmington, Charlotte, and Rutherfordton Railroad was reorganized as the Carolina Central Railway Company. In 1875, the company completed a line to Shelby, N.C.
The Carolina Feed and Lumber Company was located in Cherokee County, N.C.
The Carolina Panel Company of Lexington, N.C., began manufacturing high quality hardwood plywood in 1927 to supply the local furniture industry's demand for plywood. Roswell B. Robbins served as secretary-treasurer and general manager of the company, 1927-1938. Upon Robbins's death in 1938, C. Hamilton Hargrave took over as manager. Over the years, Carolina Panel's business expanded to include furniture makers all over the eastern United States. By 1988, however, a marketing research survey found that the demand for the plywood produced by Carolina Panel was drying up. In 1990, the board of directors sold the company to R. E. Lineberry, Inc. Records of the Carolina Panel Company, 1970-1991, include pictures of employees working at the company's factory, a 1970 article about the company, comparative profit statistics, a marketing research survey about the future of the industry, and documents concerning the sale of the company.
Milton Stover Carothers (1932-2004) of Tallahassee, Fla., was a Presbyterian minister who worked for significant periods of time in Virginia, North Carolina, and Florida. A 1954 graduate of Florida State University, he held pastorates in Salisbury, N.C., 1958-1963, and Covington, Va., 1963-1969, and served in campus ministries at Duke University, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, and, for 17 years, at Florida State University.
The Carpenter family of Virginia and North Carolina included Bushrod Carpenter and Corydon Carpenter.
The collection is the will, 23 October 1784, of George Carpenter of Burke County, N.C.
Typescript of Anthology of death on Three Mile Creek by Jake Carpenter of Avery County, N.C. From 1842 until 1900, Carpenter recorded local deaths and frequently added comments on the life of the deceased and the cause of death. In 1915, he added a comment on the death of bank robber Frank James. Later this material was read to Naomi Barrier Cuthbertson, who added remarks which have been recorded with her name after each. This typed copy was prepared from the original by Denise M. Abbey with the aid of Mary M. Sloop and Theron Dellinger, preserving Carpenter's spelling from his own handwritten record.
James O. (James Ozborn) Carr, a lawyer of Wilmington, N.C., was a state legislator, served as United States District Attorney, 1916-1919 and 1933-1945, and was a leader in the North Carolina Democratic Party.
John M. Carr (fl. 1864) was a federal soldier who served with the 100th Indiana Infantry Regiment, campaigning in Georgia. The collection includes a typed transcription of Carr's diary while he was serving in Georgia, June-December, 1864. The diary describes troop movements, camp life, and the towns through which Carr passed.
The papers of white businessman and public figure Julian Shakespeare Carr (1845-1924) of Chapel Hill and Durham, N.C., document his financial interests in tobacco, textiles, and banking; affiliations with the Methodist Church, the Democratic Party in North Carolina, and organizations commemorating the Confederacy; and philanthropic support of institutions of higher education, particularly the University of North Carolina (UNC). Papers include letters, printed items, business records, legal documents, diaries, photographs, lessons for Sunday school, and addresses written and delivered by Carr. The rhetoric in many addresses reflects Carr’s positions on what he and his contemporaries called "the race problem." In keeping with white supremacy movements in North Carolina at the turn of the twentieth century, Carr defended the institution of slavery, claiming it had been beneficial to the enslaved, and argued for denying full citizenship rights to African Americans. Included are Carr's 1899 speech supporting an amendment to the North Carolina constitution that disenfranchised African Americans and his address at the 1913 dedication of the Confederate monument later known as "Silent Sam" on the UNC campus.
Laura Noell Carr, of Durham, N.C., was married to Austin Heaton Carr (1894-1942), president of Durham Hosiery Mills. They had two children, Austin Heaton Carr Junior (born 1920) and Charles Noell Carr (born circa 1930).
The Leslie G. Carr Papers, 1966-1969, consist of a copy of Carr's FBI file and loose papers documenting his social and political activism, particularly his involvement with Students for a Democratic Society at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Thomas Neely Carruthers (1900-1960) was an Episcopal clergyman and bishop of South Carolina.
The collection pertains to Eve Carson, Morehead Scholar and student body president at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 2007-2008, who was shot and killed in March 2008. The collection contains emails from her campaign for student body president, as well as an additional email and card.
The collection contains typed copies of notes on the Corstorphen (originally Corstorphine) family of Scotland, who settled, after 1746, in Halifax County, N.C.
David Miller Carter was a lawyer and landowner of eastern North Carolina; Confederate colonel and military judge; legislator, 1862-1865; resident of Washington, N.C., until he moved to Raleigh in 1874.
David Carter was a planter of Hyde County, N.C.
Farish Carter was a planter, land speculator, and entrepreneur of Scottsborough Plantation, near Milledgeville, Baldwin County, Ga., and owner of a plantation at Coosawattee, Murray County, Ga. Carter married Eliza McDonald, sister of Charles J. McDonald (1793-1860), and had five children: Mary Ann (d. 1844), Catherine (d. 1851), James Farish (b. 1821), Samuel McDonald, and Benjamin Franklin (d. 1856).
Hodding Carter III, a white journalist and politician, was born in New Orleans, La., on 7 April 1935 to journalist and publisher Hodding Carter II and Betty Werlein. He grew up in Greenville, Miss., and graduated from Princeton University in 1957. Carter served in the United States Marine Corps after college and then began working at the Delta Democrat-Times as a reporter, then managing editor, and finally associate publisher. Carter was co-chair of the delegation that ousted Mississippi's white Democratic Party delegation at the Democratic National Convention in Chicago in 1968. He participated in Lyndon Johnson and Jimmy Carter's presidential campaigns and was named Assistant Secretary of State for Public Affairs and State Department spokesman during the Jimmy Carter administration. In the 1980s and early 1990s, Carter worked in various capacities for public affairs television shows and was a frequent contributor to newspapers and magazines. From 1995 to 1997, Carter taught journalism at the University of Maryland. He became president of the John S. and James L. Knight Foundation in 1998. In January 2006, Carter became the University Professor of Leadership and Public Policy at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Carter married Patricia Derian, Assistant Secretary of State for Human Rights under President Jimmy Carter, in 1978.
W. Horace Carter (1921- ) of Tabor City, N.C., was a Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist, who was editor of the Tabor City Tribune and writer of books and articles on fresh-water fishing and deer and duck hunting.
Robert Looney Caruthers was a Lebanon, Tenn., lawyer, state legislator, Whig politician, founder and professor of law at Cumberland University, United States Representative, 1841-1843, state supreme court justice, and Confederate governor of Tennessee.
Thomas Casey (died 1847), a native of South Carolina, was appointed to the United States Military Academy at West Point, N.Y., in 1834. The collection includes a letter from Casey to Marien Passage in Mobile, Ala., describing his situation as a new cadet at the United States Military Academy.
Caswell County, N.C., was established in 1777.
The Caswell County Historical Association, headquartered in Yanceyville, N.C., was organized in 1954 to promote the study of local history and genealogy.
The collection contains miscellaneous Revolutionary War papers, chiefly relating to North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia, 1781-1782. The collection includes letters, reports, invoices, and other papers of the North Carolina General Assembly and of Governor Richard Caswell concerning military activities and supplies, records of local proceedings, and other items.
Richard Caswell was governor of North Carolina, 1776-1779 and 1785-1787, general in the state forces during the Revolutionary War, state comptroller, and speaker of the state senate.
William Richard Caswell (1809-1862) of Tennessee was an officer in the United States Army who served as aide-de-camp to Major General Gideon J. Pillow during the Mexican War. The collection includes letters written from Mexico during the Mexican War by Caswell, addressed to Ephraim H. Foster and Thomas Hord in Tennessee, describing camp life and the progress of the war.
William Richard Caswell of Dandridge and Knoxville, Tenn., was a lawyer, planter, railroad director, volunteer army officer in the Mexican War, and Tennessee militia general early in the Civil War.
MICROFILM ONLY. Register of guests at Catawba Springs Hotel, Lincoln County, N.C., in two volumes, 1838-1854, showing names, residences, and destinations. Also included are notes by historian Chalmers G. Davidson concerning the history of the hotel.
Geraldine Gerry Spinks Cate (1910-1998) was a musician, music educator, and social activist in chiefly in Raleigh, N.C. She studied at the University of South Carolina; Westminster Choir College; Teachers College, Columbia University; and the Juilliard School. Cate held positions at Silliman University in the Philippines, where she was sponsored by the Board of Foreign Missions of the Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A.; Peace College, the Pullen Memorial Baptist Church, and Saint Mary's College, all in Raleigh; the North Carolina School of the Arts in Winston-Salem, N.C.; and other institutions. Cate was especially dedicated to interracial reconciliation.
Correspondence, business records, and other papers of members of the Cates family of Burlington, N.C. These papers document John Wesley Cates's activities as a businessman, school board member, and city booster; his daughter, Bertha Cates's, activities as a coal merchant in Burlington; his daughter, Verna Cates Stackhouse's, activites as a supervisor at the King Cotton Mill in Burlington and as an active Democrat; and a number of personal and civic concerns of the family. The papers include thirty-three diary volumes kept by Bertha Cates, discussing her daily activities, 1937- 1979. Organizations with which members of the Cates family were involved include the Burlington Merchants Association, the North Carolina Retail Coal Merchants Association, the First Baptist Church of Burlington (of which John W. Cates was a founder), the Burlington Business and Professional Women's Club (of which Bertha Cates was a founder), and the North Carolina Retail Coal Merchants Association.
The collection contains detailed records of two trips made by Henry L. Cathell of New York City. On the first trip, 22 November 1851-29 April 1852, undertaken to recover his health, Cathell and his family travelled by boat to Savannah, Ga.; by railroad to Macon, Ga.; and by stagecoach to Quincy, Fla., where they spent 6 December 1851-5 April 1852 hunting, fishing, and socializing. The travellers returned by way of Macon, Chattanooga, Tenn., the Tennessee and Mississippi rivers, Cleveland, Ohio, the Great Lakes, Buffalo, and Albany, N.Y. On the second trip, 3 February-2 March 1856, while in mourning for his wife, Cathell visited Savannah and Quincy and passed through Wilmington, N.C., Richmond, Va., Washington, D.C., Baltimore, Md., and Philadelphia, Pa. In addition to the travel narratives the volumes contain itemized accounts of expenses and a record of letters written.
Boyd Cathey of Raleigh, N.C., is a white conservative political activist. The collection contains materials relating to the political campaigns of several North Carolina and national conservative political candidates. Included are clippings, campaign literature, some correspondence, and other items from the campaigns of David B. Funderburk for United States Senate, 1985-1986; Pat Robertson for president, 1987-1988; Jesse Helms for United States Senate, 1988-1990; and Pat Buchanan for president, 1991-1992. Cathey was particularly active in the Robertson and Buchanan campaigns. There are also a few letters from Senator Sam Ervin Jr., Terry Sanford, historian Gene Genovese, writer Russell Kirk, film critic Norman Stewart, and Vincent S. Waters, Roman Catholic bishop of Raleigh. Materials in additions are similar to the materials in the original political deposit and relate to elections in 1992 and 1996.
Joseph Cathey was a farmer, miller, and merchant in Haywood County, N.C. He was the son of William Cathey, one of the earliest Haywood County settlers. Cathey represented Haywood County at the North Carolina Constitutional Convention of 1835, and he served one term in the North Carolina Senate in 1842.
Cavin and Leonard family, chiefly farmers and teachers of Iredell County, N.C. Among Arabella Cavin's children was John H. Cavin. John H. and Sarah Cavin's children included John Y. Cavin, who taught school in Texas, and Milas, who taught in North Carolina. Milas and Laura Freeland Cavin's children included Meta; Ida; Wyatt; and Wade, who married Pearle Leonard and lived in Troutman, N.C. Wade and Pearle's children included Robert W. and Wade Leonard Cavin, who served with the U.S. Navy in World War II. Leonard family members included Margaret Bustle, who, after the death of John Bustle, married Martin S. Leonard in 1833. Their children included Robert R. Leonard, father of Pearle Leonard Cavin.
Handwritten funeral announcements, 1900-1918, for local circulation, giving names of the deceased and the dates and hours for burial services to be held in Cedar Grove Cemetery, probably in Wilson County, N.C.
The collection includes land grants and surveys, bills of sale, court orders, contracts, business agreements, debt settlements, correspondence, military reports concerning the strength and condition of militia units, a will, and a marriage contract. Many items originated in Davidson County, Tenn., and Cheatham County, Tenn, though Williamson, Sumner, and Crockett counties are also represented.
James Chalmers (fl. 1820) resided in Halifax, Va., and had two daughters who attended school in Salem, N.C.
Hope Summerell Chamberlain of Raleigh, N.C., wife of Joseph Weddington Chamberlain, was a clubwoman and author of local history.
The collectionincludes manuscripts by and about members of the Chambers family of Iredell County, N.C. Volumes include the account book, 1816-1865, of Joseph Chambers (1791-1848); account book, 1841-1884, of Joseph Chambers and his son, Pinckney Brown Chambers at Farmville, an Iredell County plantation, and at Morganton and Statesville; merchants' accounts, 1852- 1854, kept at Salisbury, N.C.; captain's record book, 1865, for Company C, 49th North Carolina Regiment, C.S.A.; three volumes of Chambers family history from 1708 to 1918; and miscellaneous letters.
Henry A. (Henry Alexander) Chambers was a native of North Carolina who became a lawyer, historian, legislator, member of the Tennessee House of Representatives, and United States Post Office agent in Tennessee.
Lenoir Chambers was a native of North Carolina. Chambers worked as a newspaper editor in Norfolk, Va., 1929- 1961, and was the author of Stonewall Jackson (1959) and Salt Water and Printer's Ink (1967).
Charles Lyon Chandler (b. 1883) was a United States foreign service officer, Philadelphia banker, history professor, and author.
Margaret Rogers Chandler (fl. 1780s-1860), daughter of John Rogers (1723-1789), patriot leader, member of the Continental Congress, and first chancellor of Maryland, was also descended from the Lee family of Virginia. She married Walter Story Chandler in 1799 and resided in Georgetown, D.C., where she raised a large number of children. One of her sons, Colonel Daniel Thomas Chandler (1820-1877) served on General Robert E. Lee's staff during the Civil War. The collection includes letters, family histories, genealogical papers, and financial and legal documents relating mainly to members of the Chandler, Lee, and Rogers families of Virginia and Maryland during the 18th and early 19th centuries. Many of these papers were apparently compiled through genealogical research conducted by Margaret Rogers Chandler. Letters from family members often include genealogical information in reply to Margaret Chandler's inquiries. Most of the correspondence is with Chandler's son, Colonel Daniel Thomas Chandler (1820-1877), concerning family history and family business. Many of the legal and financial documents relate to Daniel Thomas Chandler and his sister, Mary Chandler. Financial information concerns bank dealings and taxes. Legal documents include wills, real estate dealings, deeds, and promises of indenture. A 1926 real estate agreement's connection to the collection is unclear.
Records kept by various Chapel Hill, N.C., weather observers, including records, 1854-1862, by Professor James Phillips; and records, December 1879-1882, by Professors W.B. Phillips and Francis Preston Venable. Also included are weather records, July-August 1880, for Roan Mountain, Mitchell County, N.C.
Minutes, financial records, correspondence, bird lists, mimeographed bulletins, and reports and advertising received by the Club; letters, 1975-1976, from William W. Thomas Junior, of Peking, China, and Joe Jones of Albany, Ga., recounting the history of the Club; and other items.
The Chapel Hill Board of Trade of Chapel Hill, N.C., was established by Chapel Hill business people in July 1905 and endured at least through April 1907. Members who led the organization included J. H. Pratt, H. H. Patterson, and R. L. Strowd. The group met several times a year.
The Chapel Hill Choral Club operated under the aegis of the Music Department of the University of North Carolina in Chapel Hill. Its members were drawn from both the University and the surrounding communities. From 1949 to 1963, Joel Carter, a professor in the Music Department was the Club's musical director.
The Chapel Hill Council of Churches was an interdenominational organization established in Chapel Hill, N.C., in 1947.
The Chapel Hill Country Club apparently was founded in 1907.
The Chapel Hill General Store in Chapel Hill, N.C., was in operation around 1893.
The Chapel Hill Historical Society was formed in 1966 in Chapel Hill, N.C. In 1974, the oral history committee was established to conduct interviews with local Chapel Hill and Carrboro, N.C., residents in an effort to preserve first-hand recollections about the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, local African American communities, and local mill-worker communities. One of the first major projects conducted was a series of interviews with men and women who had worked in the Carrboro textile mills in the early and mid-20th century.
The Chapel Hill Iron Mountain Company was incorporated in 1879 and organized in 1880 to mine iron ore found about one mile north of the University of North Carolina. At the time of the company's organization, there were five stockholders: William J. Askew, Preston L. Bridgers, R.R. Bridgers, Robert F. Hoke, and William S. Primrose. Robert Hoke was elected chair of the company and William Primrose was elected secretary. Mining began in November 1880 and appears to have continued into the 1890s. By 1892, however, the mine seems to have closed.
Chapel Hill Presbyterian Church was located in Chapel Hill, N.C.
The Chapel Hill Telephone Company of Chapel Hill, N.C., apparently began operating in 1901.
Records of the Chapel Hill Woman's Club, Chapel Hill, N.C., including board and general meeting minutes, secretary's reports, treasurer's files, yearbooks, pamphlets, club directories, periodicals, and other materials.
The collection of the Chapel of the Cross, an Episcopal church in Chapel Hill, N.C., includes a minute book, 1895-1897, of the meetings of the Brotherhood of St. Andrew at the Chapel of the Cross and blueprints and other materials, 1913-1979, concerning construction and renovations of the building and grounds of the church.
Sophia Chapin Tunnell (fl. 1852-1896) was a native of New England who moved to teach school in South Carolina and Kansas. The collection is chiefly papers of Sophia Chapin (later Mrs. Robert M. Tunnell), including letters from her to her father, Moses Chapin, in Massachusetts and Vermont, describing life in Abbeville District, S.C., in the 1850s; her occasional diary, 1870-1896, while she was living in Kansas; letters from relatives in Brandenburg, Ky., 1859-1860; autograph albums; and other items.
F. Stuart Chapin, noted urban and regional planner, whose primary research interests included urban and regional growth systems and human activity patterns. Chapin was professor of urban and regional planning at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, where he also founded and directed the Center for Urban and Regional Studies and worked with the Institute for Research in Social Science.
Alfred Chapman (1813-1876), native of Orange County, Va., was an official of the United States and Confederate war departments.
Charles Albert Chapman, apparently a Virginia native, attended the United States Army's Command and General Staff School of the General Service Schools at Fort Leavenworth, Kan., 1925-1926. In 1926, he began a tour of duty as an instructor at an Army school in Hawaii. In 1931-1933, he was at various Army camps in Illinois. Agnes Gray Butterworth, also from Virginia, taught school in Hampton, Va. An undated business card included in the collection suggests that she may later have been an interior decorator with the Hecht Company in Washington, D.C.
John Kenyon Chapman (1947-2009), known as Yonni, was a white, life-long social justice activist, organizer, and historian who focused his academic and social efforts on workers rights and African American empowerment in central North Carolina. Chapman was born in Shaker Heights, Ohio, in 1947; graduated from Harvard University in 1969; and then moved to Atlanta, Ga., to join the fight for African American equality. He relocated to North Carolina in 1975 and worked as a laboratory technician at the North Carolina Memorial Hospital for about ten years. During this time, Chapman became active in local social justice struggles and community organizations. He helped organize his coworkers against unfair working conditions, became involved with the Communist Workers Party, and participated in African liberation and anti-apartheid struggles. Chapman was a survivor of the Greensboro Massacre of 1979. Throughout the 1980s, he was active in progressive social justice campaigns. In the 1990s and 2000s, Chapman was a graduate student at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, where he focused his activism and academic work on historical accuracy, African American empowerment, and civil rights education in and around Chapel Hill. During this time, Chapman founded and directed two racial and social justice organizations: the Freedom Legacy Project in 1995 and the Campaign for Historical Accuracy and Truth in 2005. From 2002 to 2005, Chapman ran a successful campaign to abolish the Cornelia Phillips Spencer Bell Award on campus, an action that opened a dialogue about the history of slavery and racism on campus. After a 30-year battle with cancer, Chapman died on 22 October 2009 in Chapel Hill. The collection documents Yonni Chapman's social activism and academic activities, covering nearly four decades of progressive racial, social, and economic justice struggles in central North Carolina. Organizational correspondence, notes, newsletters, and reports document the activities of the Communist Workers Party, the Federation for Progress, the Orange County Rainbow Coalition of Conscience, the New Democratic Movement, the Freedom Legacy Project, and the Campaign for Historical Accuracy and Truth, among other organizations on the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill campus and in Chapel Hill, Durham, Raleigh, and Greensboro. Workers rights and racial justice campaigns and commemorations, including the Greensboro Massacre and the campaign to end the Cornelia Phillips Spencer Bell Award on campus, are documented in paper, audio, visual, and photographic formats. Photographs, slides, contact prints, photographic negatives, posters, banners, signs, and screen-printed t-shirts, chiefly created by Chapman, document a variety of demonstrations, meetings, and social justice events. Audio and video materials, largely created by Chapman include documentaries, meetings, speeches, and demonstrations captured on audio cassettes, VHS tapes, 8mm video cassettes, and DVDs. Research materials for Chapman's graduate doctoral work include audio and paper files of interviews with participants in the Chapel Hill civil rights movement. There are also audio files recorded by Chapman on a digital voice recorder in the year leading up to his death that contain lengthy discussions with local activists about continuing his social justice work after his death; audio recordings and a video photograph montage from Chapman's 2009 memorial service; photographs of Chapman with friends and family; and other items.
Kena King Chapman (1839-1892) of Smithfield, Va., was an ordnance officer and 2nd lieutenant in Company A, 19th Virginia Battalion, Crutchfield's Artillery Brigade, Confederate States of America. The collection is Chapman's diary, 3 April-24 April 1865, while serving in the Confederate army, describing the surrender at Appomattox and the closing days of the war, as well as his journey home to Smithfield, Va. The diary also includes some financial accounts, a list of men present at the surrender at Appomattox, and poems.
William Gerard Chapman (1877-1945) was the president of the International Press Bureau of Chicago.
The collection contains a ledger of customers' accounts in Charleston, S.C., for gunsmithing, blacksmithing, brass work, clock repair, locks and keys, buggy and boat repairs, and various kinds of home repairs.
The collection is a volume containing minutes, October 1819-April 1836, of monthly meetings of the Charleston Board of Fire Masters, including reports on the condition of the public fire squads and their equipment, expenses incurred in recent fires, work on public wells and pumps, water casks, engine houses and other necessities, and names and members of various squads; and clippings, 1880s and 1890s, concerning the Veteran Volunteer Firemen's Association of Charleston.
Established in 1972 by Robert M. Hicklin, Jr., the Charleston Renaissance Gallery is a fine art dealer in Charleston, S.C. The collection contains reference files prepared by the gallery on the artists that they represented. Files contain articles, photographic materials, and other information about artists and their works as well as materials relating to the transactions managed by the gallery. Also included is the Charlston Renaissance Gallery website, harvest beginning March 2019.
Alexander Charns, a lawyer from Durham, N.C., wrote Cloak and Gavel (1992), a study of the relationship between the United States Supreme Court and the Federal Bureau of Investigation.
Albert A. Chase served in the 28th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry Regiment as acting assistant surgeon from 7 April to 28 June 1865. At the end of the war, Chase was contracted by the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Land, commonly known as the Freedmen's Bureau, to serve as a physician in the Raleigh district of North Carolina.
Harry Woodburn Chase (1883-1955), a native of Massachusetts, was professor, 1910-1918, and president, 1919-1930, of the University of North Carolina; president of the University of Illinois, 1930-1933; and later chancellor of New York University.
Nancy Winbon Chase of Eureka, Wayne County, N.C., chaired the Women's Division of the North Carolina Farm Bureau, 1951-1961, and was the representative from Wayne County in the North Carolina House of Representatives, 1962-1978.
The collection is a 1936 typed manuscript titled "A Soldier in the Saddle: Portraying the Life and Character of Lieutenant-General Nathan Bedford Forrest" by Claude McVeigh Chastain, a white salesman, department store manager, and self-taught historian residing in Charlotte, N.C. This biography is focused on the Confederate officer's experience during the American Civil War and does not touch on Forrest's Ku Klux Klan leadership during Reconstruction.
The collection contains records of unrelated businesses in, and of the local government of Chatham County, N.C., including general merchants' ledgers and daybooks; blacksmiths' accounts; trustees' and executors' accounts; the docket book of a local court, 1825-1848; accounts reported by local officials, 1846- 1868, including the sheriff and superintendents of common schools; and a record of hours worked and wages paid, 1898-1900, at a Bynum textile mill owned by John Milton Odell (born 1831). Among the persons represented are James Gaines, William Merony, Robert Ragland, Charles Judson Williams, H. C. Luther, William Patterson, J. W. Hooker, George W. Thompson, Eliza A. Leach, Isaac Clegg, Thomas J. Clegg, Womack & Moore, James M. Farrar, and W. A. Nash. Among the localities represented are Pittsboro, St. Lawrence, Oak Forest, and Bymun.
The collection contains detailed letters, 25 March and 31 March 1777, and reports from James Milles, manager of the iron furnace on Tick Creek, Chatham County, N.C., for the Revolutionary government of North Carolina. The reports are directed to Archibald Maclaine (1728-1790), a state commissioner.
Richard Thurmond Chatham, Democratic congressman, industrialist, and philanthropist of Elkin, N.C., worked for the Chatham Manufacturing Company, owned by his family and the world's largest manufacturer of blankets, 1919-1955; served in the U.S. Navy, 1917-1919 and 1942-1945; and served in the U.S. Congress, 1949-1957, where he was a member of the House Foreign Affairs Committee.
Letters from Kemp Battle, W. B. Phillips, and J. M. Horner to Edward A. Oldham on the life and character of John Chavis, African-American educator.
The Cheairs and Hughes families of Maury County, Tenn. included Nathaniel Francis Cheairs (1818-1914).
MICROFILM ONLY. Benjamin Franklin Cheatham (1820-1886) was born in Nashville, Tenn. He served in the United States Army as captain and colonel in the Mexican War, later going to California, 1849-1853, and returning to Tennessee to serve as major general in the state militia during the 1850s. Cheatham became a major-general in the Confederate Army in 1862 and served under Polk, Hardee, and Hood. Personal correspondence and military papers of Benjamin Franklin Cheatham, relating chiefly to his Mexican War experiences, his Civil War activities, and post-war discussions of Confederate military activity. Fragments of reports of Civil War military engagements, Confederate Army maps, and Mexican War muster rolls. Three volumes contain a diary and memoranda covering parts of Cheatham's Mexican War experiences; muster rolls of a company of the 1st Regiment 1st Brigade, Tennessee Volunteer Militia (circa 1846), which Cheatham led; and notes and rolls of a Nashville military company, 1892-1893, led by one B. F. Cheatham, presumably Cheatham's son.
John Cheesborough was born in Georgetown, S.C. He was cashier of the Bank of Charleston, first in Charleston, S.C., and later in Columbia, S.C. Anderson died at Biltmore, N.C.
William Cherry was a resident of Edgecombe County, N.C.
Joseph Blount Cheshire (1850-1932) was Episcopal bishop of North Carolina from 1893 until 1932.
Members of the Cheves and Wagner families lived in South Carolina and Georgia. Prominent family members included Ann Hrabowska Wagner (fl. 1814-1818) of Charleston, S.C.; Langdon Cheves (1776-1857) of South Carolina, speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives (1814-1815) and president of the Bank of the United States (1819-1822); Mrs. Charles West (fl. 1879-1919) of Baltimore, apparently Langdon Cheves's daughter; and Charlotte McCord Cheves (fl. 1853-1878) of Savannah, Ga., wife of Cheves's son, Langdon Cheves, Jr.
Francis Thornton Chew was a Confederate naval officer.
James Saxon Childers (1899-1965) of Alabama was a writer and editor.
The collection is one sheet of a ledger account, 1851, for groceries and supplies purchased from Robert Childers by C. C. Green, location unknown.
Members of the Norton, Chilton, and Dameron families were planters of Louisiana and Mississippi.
Edward J. Chilton was a student at the University of North Carolina who served in the Confederate Army during the American Civil War. He was born in Brownsville, Tenn., in October 1840. After working as a farmer, he entered the University of North Carolina in 1859, where he was a member of the Dialectic Society. He died at the Siege of Yorktown in 1862.
William D. Chipley was an officer in the 9th Kentucky Infantry Regiment, Confederate States of America. The collection includes a book of autographs of fellow prisoners and songs and poems by various authors, collected by Chipley while he was a prisoner at Johnson's Island, Ohio.
Mrs. W. S. Chisholm was a resident of Savannah, Ga.
The collection chiefly contains papers of James Heyward North (1815-1893) of Charleston, S.C., United States and Confederate naval officer, and purchasing agent for the Confederate Navy in Europe. He and his wife, Emily, wrote from sea, from England and France in 1861-1866, and from their farm, to his sisters and his daughter Eliza Drayton (Mrs. Alfred) Chisolm in South Carolina. The letters concern family matters and their travels. Also letters of Alfred and John Chisolm while serving in the Confederate Army with the Marion Artillery and Boykin's Rangers in Virginia, on the coast of South Carolina, and in North Carolina, to their mother, Jane Chisolm (Mrs. William C.) Bee.
Michael Chitwood, a freelance writer living in Chapel Hill, N.C., was raised in the foothills of the Blue Ridge Mountains in Virginia. He has published books of poetry, including Whet (1995), Salt Works (1992), and The Weave Room (1998). The collection consists chiefly of published poems in journals and other publications of Michael Chitwood, 1978-1997. Also included are poetry journals; handwritten drafts of poems from Salt Works, Whet, and The Weave Room; drafts of miscellaneous poems; a small amount of correspondence; and some other materials regarding Chitwood's published works.
Eliza Williams Chotard (b. 1798), wife of William P. Gould, grew up in Alabama and other southern states. The collection is Chotard's autobiography, written circa 1868 for her daughter, about her early life in the South, the Chotard family experiences in New Orleans during the war with the British in 1812, and Williams, Chotard, and Willis family background. It consists of the handwritten original of pages 9-28 and microfilm of a typed transcription of the entire work (32 pages).
The Church of the Saviour was an Episcopal church in Jackson, Northampton County, N.C., that was founded before the Civil War.
Clinton A. Cilley, native of New Hampshire, lawyer, and U.S. Army colonel in the Civil War, who moved to Lenoir and Hickory in western North Carolina after the war, became a judge, and married Emma Sophia Harper (1844-1922), daughter of James Clarence Harper (1819-1890).
The collection contains miscellaneous papers relating to United States forces during and immediately after the Civil War, including United States naval orders and correspondence, 1863-1865; muster rolls and pay rolls, 1864; a United States Bureau of Information manuscript, 1863, listing the organization of the Army of Northern Virginia; a narrative report of signal activities at Beaufort, N.C., in connection with seige of Fort Macon, N.C., 1862; a manuscript outline of General George Stoneman's last cavalry raid, 1865, written in 1867 by a participant; maps of waterways in Vicksburg, Miss., and Savannah, Ga.; an account of the siege of Fort Pulaski, Ga., by a member of the 48th New York Infantry Regiment, which operated siege guns on Jones and Daufuskie Island, S.C.; a Union soldier's description of treatment in rebel jails, 1865; a letter of complaint regarding the federal occupation of the North Carolina Military Institute, 1865; and miscellaneous pictures, biographical sketches, and other papers.
The collection contains collected specimens of unused envelopes, decorated with Union and Confederate patriotic and polemic sentiments, mottos, cartoons, and emblems, mounted in an album. There are 350 Union items, 215 Confederate. The spine of the album is imprinted Envelopes of the Great Rebellion, 1861-1865.
Letters to Clack of Brownsville, Granville County, N.C., mainly from Allie S. Clack, her brother, while he was serving with the 23rd North Carolina Regiment, C.S.A., in Virginia and North Carolina and recovering in a Virginia hospital, concerning his experiences in camp, battle, and hospital. One other letter, 2 October 1862, is from Carrie Clack's cousin, John R. Clack, describing the Confederate victory at Harper's Ferry, W.Va.
J.F.H. Claiborne was a white lawyer, U.S. Representative, editor, planter, and historian of Mississippi and Louisiana. The collection has relatively few items pertaining to Claiborne's personal activities but includes letters he wrote while a law student in Wytheville, Va.; records of the 1842-1843 commission on Choctaw Indian claims; a few papers of Governor John Anthony Quitman; diary of Willis Herbert Claiborne as a Confederate officer at Vicksburg in April-July 1863; J.L. Power's notes on the Mississippi secession convention; materials collected by Claiborne in preparation of his history of Mississippi, among them biographical and autobiographical material on prominent leaders, including photographs of Colonel William F. Dowd; writings of Claiborne and others on a wide variety of contemporary and historical subjects; and a Mississippi pocket map.
Chiefly letters received, 1813-1836, by Magdalene Hutchins Claiborne, wife of Ferdinand Leigh Claiborne, near Natchez, Miss., from her Louisiana and Virginia relatives about personal and family matters. Also included are printed funeral notices and other correspondence, including a letter from Jefferson and Varina Davis accepting a wedding invitation.
Thomas Claiborne was a United States and Confederate army officer from Nashville, Tenn. The collection includes family correspondence, military papers, and reminiscences of Claiborne, including military records, letters to his wife Annie A. (Maxwell) Claiborne, and letters from relatives and fellow officers while he was with the United States army in Oregon, New Mexico, and other places in the West, 1849-1861; personal and military correspondence as a Confederate staff and cavalry officer in both the Virginia and Tennessee theaters of the Civil War; and slight postwar correspondence. The recollections, written circa 1890's, cover the Mexican War, frontier service, and the early part of the Civil War.
MICROFILM ONLY. Contemporary transcriptions of business letters and original records of accounts of Clark and Carnal of Plymouth, Washington County, N.C., factors dealing in corn, rum, salt, tar, cotton yarn, and other commodities.
Members of the Clark and Blizzard families resided chiefly in Clinton and Fayetteville, N.C., and in Patterson, N.J., as did members of the related Kernshaw and Hightower families.
Henry Toole Clark, Jr. (1917-), of Scotland Neck, N.C., was a white medical doctor, professor of community medicine, and university administrator in medical schools in the United States and the West Indies, and a consultant on planning and operating university health centers. Henry Toole Clark Jr.'s papers document his professional career, civic activities, and personal life. The bulk of the collection relates to Clark's employment as a medical administrator at the University of Rochester, Vanderbilt University, the University of North Carolina, and as director of the Connecticut Regional Medical Program (CRMP). Much material relates to his work as director of Project Hope in Jamaica, and his extensive consulting activity at the Tuskegee Institute, in Puerto Rico, in the Dominican Republic, and at the University of Leiden and the National Institutes of Health. Materials relating to his participation in professional organizations, including the Society of American Administrators, the American Hospital Association, and the Association for Academic Health Centers, are also included. In addition, Clark's involvement with tennis, church, and and charities, such as Habitat for Humanity, in Chapel Hill, N.C., and in Woodbridge, Conn., and with alumni affairs at the University of North Carolina, with Sigma Nu fraternity, and at the University of Rochester are also documented.
James Clark (1779-1839) was a circuit judge, state legislator, United States representative, and governor of Kentucky. The collection includes a letter from Clark, while a United States representative from Kentucky in Washington, D.C., to Colonel Leslie Combs, Lexington, Ky., commenting on proposed changes in the judiciary system, Creek Indian lands in Georgia, and confidential sessions on nominations for the United States representative to the Panama Congress to be held later that year.
MICROFILM ONLY. Ten letters, 1854, 1861-1863, and 1879, to or from Amanda Farr Hall, her husband, and brothers of Hinds County, Miss.; and a farm journal, 1853-1856, of William Henry Anderson, Hinds County. Most of the letters are to Hall from her husband, B. F. Hall, serving in the Confederate Army in Tennessee, discussing camp life, impending battles, concern about Vicksburg, and other matters. The journal is a record of a variety of farm tasks and also includes descriptions of personal and family activities.
Walter Clark (1846-1924) was a Confederate soldier, orator, historian, and chief justice of North Carolina. The collection includes scattered papers including speeches on political, religious, and civic occasions; miscellaneous literary writings; notes concerning legal rights of women; bills from a European trip, 1881; clippings; and miscellaneous other papers of Clark. Included is a letter, 1889, from William Jennings Bryan to Clark about the popular election of judges and senators and the Philippines. Also included are Civil War reminiscences by two North Carolina women. One of these, handwritten with typed transcription, is unascribed; it was written about experiences in Hillsborough, N.C. The other, typescript only, is apparently by a Mrs. Wiswall of Washington, N.C.
Desmond Clarke was a librarian of the Royal Dublin Society and biographer of Arthur Dobbs (1868-1765), colonial governor of North Carolina.
Henry S. Clarke was a member of the United States House of Representatives from North Carolina, 1845-1847, and afterwards a lawyer in Greenville, N.C.
Mary Bayard Clarke (1827-1886) was poet and novelist of North Carolina and Texas.
Confederate soldier. Chiefly letters, 1862-1863, to Clarke from his father, Colin Clarke (1792-1865), planter and lawyer, living at Warner Hall, Gloucester County, Va., describing hardships of life under occupation by Union forces during the Civil War. The letters describe difficulties obtaining food and clothing, trouble with slaves, prices of commodities, methods of smuggling articles through the Union lines, and depredations by federal troops. Also included are a short autobiography of Maxwell Clarke, written in 1890, describing his education in the antebellum period and his Confederate Army experiences; some Confederate commissions and orders; and genealogical material on the Clarke, Goode, and Bland families.
William J. Clarke of New Bern and Raleigh, N.C., was a businessman, Confederate officer, and postwar Republican leader. Clarke married poet and novelist Mary Bayard (Devereux) Clarke (1827-1886).
Francis Osborne Clarkson (1895-1984), of Charlotte, N.C., was a University of North Carolina alumnus (1916), lawyer, North Carolina Senator, and North Carolina Superior Court judge. He was married to Cama Burgess Clarkson. His father, North Carolina Supreme Court Judge Heriot Clarkson (1863-1942), and his mother, Mary Osborne Clarkson, also lived in Charlotte, N.C. The Clarkson family spent significant time in Little Switzerland, a vacation community in Western North Carolina that was founded circa 1909 by Heriot Clarkson. Josephine A. Osborne (1880-1966) was Francis O. Clarkson's aunt. Her father, Edwin Augustus Osborne (1837-1926), was a lawyer, Confederate colonel, Episcopal priest, and superintendent of Thompson Orphanage, Charlotte, N.C.; he also served as a chaplain in the Spanish-American War.
Heriot Clarkson (1863-1942) of Charlotte, N.C., was a lawyer, state and local official, and justice of the North Carolina Supreme Court, 1923-1942.
Undated account (10 p.) of a white eyewitness, Thomas W. Clawson, then city editor of the Wilmington (N.C.) Messenger, of the November 1898 Wilmington massacre and coup, called "race riots" by its white supremacist supporters, that murdered Black citizens, overthrew elected government, drove opposition Black and white political leaders out of Wilmington, and destroyed Black-owned property and businesses. Also included is a notarized copy of the editorial, 18 August 1898, concerning southern womanhood by African American newspaper editor Alexander L. Manly, which was used by white supremacists to incite the massacre and coup.
MICROFILM ONLY. Letters, 1832-1839, to Francis Sorrel of Savannah, Ga., from Alexander Claxton, native of Maryland and commodore in the United States Navy, concerning family and professional matters in Baltimore, Md., and New York, N.Y.
Charles Clay was an Anglican priest and farmer in Albemarle and Bedford counties, Va.
Letter, 29 July 1818, from Thomas Fearn, an Alabamian in London, to C. C. Clay, Huntsville, Ala., discussing his plan for emancipating the slaves in Alabama, his medical studies, and a proposed reading room in Huntsville.
Henry Clay (1777-1852) of Kentucky was a United States Senator, Representative, Speaker of the House of Representatives, and unsuccessful presidential candidate. The collection contains three original letters (two from Henry Clay, one to him); an undated note from Clay to Louisa Smith; a newspaper clipping of a letter from Clay to J. M. Clayton, 1844; photoprints of two letters from Clay; and a statement about two of the original letters. The original letters are one from Charles Burchard and John J. Foote to Clay, 1844, asking him to issue a statement of his stand on slavery; Clay's response to Burchard and Foote, indicating that his stand was well known; and one from Clay to S. W. Whiting, 1844, about an error made in the publication of one of Clay's speeches. The photoprints are of a letter, 1837, from Clay to Seth Wheatley about political matters, and from Clay to Hamilton Smith, 1834, about politics and commerce.
Papers of Joseph Clay, mainly 1860-1865, including Confederate passes, circulars, military orders, tax returns, army engineers' records of slaves impressed to work on Savannah defenses, bills, and receipts; and property papers from Chatham, Bryan, and Thomas counties, Ga.
The collection is a letter from Mary Clay (1766-1803), a teenage girl in Camden, S.C., to her sister Anne (Nancy) Clay in Savannah, Ga., with a description of a dance she attended and a brief reference to the British occupation of Charleston, S.C.
Frances Broadfoot Claypoole was a genealogist from New Bern, N.C. The collection is primarily letters written to Claypoole during the 1930s and 1940s requesting data on branches of her family and various other New Bern families. Also included are a few financial and legal papers and letters, 1766-1856, the earlier ones relating to business in Boston, Mass., and the later ones to land ownership and other business in eastern North Carolina.
Thomas L. Clayton (1834-1905) of Asheville, N.C., was the son of Ephraim Clayton (1804-1892) and Nancy McElroy Clayton (d. 1892). He married Emma A. Clayton (1829-1887). During the Civil War, Clayton served in the Confederate army, stationed in Georgia during the Atlanta campaign in 1864, and later in Alabama. After the war, Clayton became a contractor with the Western North Carolina Railroad. Chiefly letters between Thomas L. Clayton and his wife Emma, many written while he was serving in the Confederate army. Other correspondents include Clayton's father, mother, brother, and friends in the Confederate army. Topics include the election of Abraham Lincoln and the southern reaction, fears of possible slave uprisings, and feelings in Asheville about secession. After Thomas Clayton joined the Confederate army, there are letters relating to Thomas's war experiences, including reports of battles around Atlanta, Ga., and Emma's trials on the homefront. Post-war letters are chiefly about routine personal and business affairs. Also included are a few items relating to railroad surveying, damage caused by federal troops, and other matters.
Vera Allen Cleaver (1919- ) and Bill (William Joseph) Cleaver (1920-1981) were married in 1945. They collaboratively wrote hundreds of stories for pulp magazines and sixteen novels for children and young adults.
The collection documents the white Clegg family and enslaved and (likely) formerly enslaved people who worked at the family's farms, mercantile businesses, and gold and mineral mines in Moore, Chatham, and Forsyth Counties, N.C. Materials include account ledgers and time books kept by brothers Isaac N. Clegg (1823-1864), Thomas J. Clegg (1828-1862), and William Baxter Clegg (1834-1912) for Rock Springs Steam Saw Mill and Soapstone Mills, with entries for enslaved people and (likely) formerly enslaved people, usually listed with only a first name; a copy of a January 1865 letter concerning conscription of people enslaved at the farm of William Baxter Clegg to work on fortifications for the Confederate States of America Army; scattered financial documents; documents from the mid-1870s pertaining to the establishment of a Moore County, N.C., chapter of the National Grange of the Order of Patrons of Husbandry; copies of an 1890s political newsletter titled The Shooting Stick; correspondence received by Marie Lee Clegg (1872-1960) in the late 1890s; and William Russell Clegg's University of North Carolina law school notebooks from circa 1905. Other white Clegg family members represented in the collection include Isaac N. Clegg (1823-1864) and Thomas J. Clegg (1828-1862).
Cyril Clemens (1902- ) was editor of the Mark Twain Journal and president of an international Mark Twain society. The collection includes letters received by Clemens in connection with the Mark Twain Journal, including responses to inquiries about George Santayana; two letters (photocopies), 1936 and 1951, from Robert Frost to Clemens, about Frost's habits as a correspondent and other matters; and a letter (photocopy), 1943, from Winston Churchill to Clemens, pertaining to Churchill's contact with Mark Twain.
Jesse A. Clement was a farmer of Mocksville, Davie County, N.C.
Josephine Dobbs Clement (1919-1998) was raised in Atlanta, Ga., and received her B.S. degree from Spelman College in 1937. She received her M.A. degree from Columbia University the following year. In the late 1940s, she moved with her husband, William A. Clement, to Durham, N.C., where she was active in civic affairs and in Durham and North Carolina politics. Her activities included co-chairing the successful gubernatorial campaigns of Democrat James Hunt's in Durham County in 1980 and 1984. The collection includes correspondence relating to Josephine Clement's work with a variety of business and civic organizations in Durham, N.C., and Durham County, N.C., including the Durham City Board of Education; the Durham County Board of Commissioners; the North Carolina Democratic Party, especially on James Hunt's 1980 and 1984 gubernatorial campaigns; and the White Rock Baptist Church. There are also letters and other materials pertaining to Clement's personal life and to the lives and civic work of her husband, William A. Clement, and their children, including William A. Clement, Jr. Also included are materials relating to other Dobbs, Jackson, and Clement family members, among them Mattiwilda Dobbs, June Dobbs Butts, and Maynard H. Jackson.
William A. Clement was an executive of North Carolina Mutual Life Insurance Company and a business and civic leader in Durham, N.C. He was married to Josephine Dobbs Clement and was the father of six children. The collection contains personal and professional papers of Clement, including correspondence, clippings, speeches, reports, pictures, and other items documenting his family life, career, and business and civic activities, as well as his participation in church and fraternal organizations. Included are letters and other materials relating to North Carolina Mutual Life Insurance Company; insurance organizations, including American College of Bryn Mawr, Pa. (formerly the American College of Chartered Life Underwriters), the Life Insurance Agency Management Association, Life Insurance Marketing and Research Association, and the National Insurance Association; Penn Community Services (formerly Penn Normal, Industrial and Agricultural School) of St. Helena Island, S.C.; corporate boards, such as Wachovia Bank and North Carolina Central University; civic and fraternal organizations, such as the Raleigh-Durham Airport Authority, Durham Committee on the Affairs of Black People, Prince Hall Grand Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons, Sigma Pi Phi Fraternity, the Occoneechee Council of the Boy Scouts of America, the Democratic Party, Durham Academy, the Madeira School, Talladega College Alumni Association, the United Fund of Durham and Durham County, and White Rock Baptist Church. Clement's business and civic expertise and influence also connected him to Durham political and economic issues, including urban renewal of the Hayti Shopping Center. There are also photographs, apparently from the 1930s and 1940s, of African American men and women, both portraits and in groups engaged in social activities.
A. H. Cleveland served in the 10th and 12th Wisconsin Light Artillery regiments during the Civil War. During April 1865, Cleveland's unit occupied Raleigh, N.C. Following news of General Robert E. Lee's surrender, Cleveland marched with General William T. Sherman's army towards Washington, D.C.
Edmund Janes Cleveland (1842-1902) of New Jersey was a federal soldier with Company K, 9th New Jersey Infantry Regiment who served during the Civil War in eastern North Carolina, 1864-1865.
The collection contains a poem entitled A Prayer for Louisiana, by Zuleika Haralson Cleveland, written during Reconstruction, praying for deliverance from Republican control.
The collection includes the papers of the Click family of Rowan County, N.C., consisting chiefly of deeds and wills; a letter, 1835, from relatives who had moved to Indiana reporting conditions there; family letters and papers related to the sale of tobacco, 1880-1895; and scattered items pertaining to the Lutheran church in North Carolina. The family name was also spelled Glucke and Gluicke.
The collection includes three daybooks, 1833-1835, 1841-1843, and 1861-1865, for Young and Allison and R. W. Allison, general merchants in Concord, N.C., and another, 1841-1843, from Hallowell, Me., each showing names of customers, items purchased, and prices in a chronological record of transactions.
William Pinkney Cline was a smith from Catawba County, N.C., who joined the Confederate Army as a private in the 46th North Carolina Infantry Regiment, also known as the Catawba Braves, on 13 March 1862. He saw action at Antietam and Fredericksburg. He deserted on 19 August 1863, returning on 28 September 1863. After a stay in the guardhouse, he returned to duty in the spring of 1864 and was killed in action at the Wilderness on 5 May 1864.
The collection includes family, political, and business papers of several prominent western North Carolinians, including Mrs. Jane (Poindexter) Clingman of Yadkin county, chiefly family correspondence; her son-in-law, Richard Clauselle Puryear (1801-1867), Yadkin planter, Whig U.S. representative, 1853-1857, and member of the Confederate Congress, including bills, receipts, accounts, letters written from Washington, D.C., letters written and received at Richmond, Va., during the Civil War, and an account book for blacksmith and wagon-body work; and her son, Thomas Lanier Clingman (1812-1897), U.S. senator and Confederate general. T. L. Clingman's Papers, 1828-1890, chefly concern his mining and mineral interests, including gold mines in Georgia, the Chestatee Hydraulic Company of New York and Georgia, the Yahoola Rver and Cane Creek Hydraulic Hose Mining Company of Boston, and lands and minerals in western North Carolina. Political correspondence for the 1850s is included, relating primarily to North Carolina. Also available is an account of General George Stoneman's Raid, April 1865, on the Puryear family home in Yadkin County.
T. L. (Thomas Lanier) Clingman was a businessman, mountain explorer, Confederate officer, and legislator for North Carolina and the United States.
The collection is the monthly records of cotton weighed in the Port of New York, including New York City warehouses, New York docks, Staten Island, New York Warehousing Company, Franklin Stores, Harbeck V. Watson Stores, Clinton Stores, unlicensed stores, on shipboard, and at presses.
Caroline Elizabeth Burgwin Clitherall was a plantation owner's wife and school teacher who lived in Belleville and Walterboro, S.C., at Thornbury Plantation in North Carolina, and in Greensboro, Tuscaloosa, and Mobile, Ala. Her husband George Campbell Clitherall (d. 1829) was a planter and physician. Her children Eliza Inglis Clitherall Moore (1802-1886), Harriet A. Clitherall Spotts (1808-1834), George Bush Burgwin Clitherall (1814-1889), Frances King Clitherall Battle (1817-1849), Madeleine Clitherall Battle (b. 1818), and Alexander Baron Clitherall (1820-1869). She was the daughter of John Burgwin (fl. 1751-1800) and Eliza Bush Burgwin (d. 1787) of the Hermitage near Wilmington, N.C.
James Clitherall travelled as an escort to Mary Izard Middleton (Mrs. Arthur) and Henrietta Middleton Rutledge (Mrs. Edward), wives of two members of the Continental Congress, from Charleston, S.C., to Philadelphia, Pa., in April-July 1776.
Susan Letitia Rice Clotworthy (1885-1931), of Hillman, Ga., and Atlanta, Ga., compiled genealogical data regarding the Gaines and related families, who were located in many places in the South and West, including Alabama, California, Georgia, and Mississippi. The collection includes chiefly correspondence, 1885-1936, and genealogical data about inter-related southern families, including the Booker, Broaddus, Carnahan, Dalton, Everett, Gaines, Hall, Jennings, Lyne, Madison, Martin, Nicklin, Pendleton, Potter, Rice, Royce, and Taylor families. Eighteenth-century items are chiefly wills and copied letters, and early 19th-century items are very scattered correspondence of members of the Gaines family located in many places in the South and West, including George Strother Gaines (1784-1873), pioneer of Alabama and Mississippi.
The Club, a women's social group in Chapel Hill, N.C., that functioned from 1932 to 1982. The main purpose of the Club was for the members to become better acquainted with each other over their mending bags and baskets, but most meetings also included short programs of intellectual value presented by each member in turn. Membership was limited to 12 persons.
The Coalition for Alternatives to Shearon Harris (CASH) was an organization founded in the aftermath of the Chernobyl disaster in spring of 1986 to oppose the opening of Carolina Power and Light Company's Shearon Harris Nuclear Power Plant in Wake County, N.C.
William Coalman served in the 6th Regiment of North Carolina Troops in the army of the Confederate States of America. Howell A. Curtis served in this regiment as well. Coalman was married to Elizabeth Curtis, sister of Howell A. Curtis and daughter of Madison Curtis, the recipient of the letter.
Albert Coates (1896-1989) was director of the Institute of Government at the University, 1931-1962, and a professor in the University of North Carolina's School of Law. In 1928, he married Gladys Jane Hall (1902-2002), who by all accounts played an important and integral role in many of the projects that Albert Coates undertook.
MICROFILM AND PAPER: All but one item (speech of Carrie Hunter) are microfilm of originals in private hands at time of filming. Miscellaneous papers of two families, the Cobbs of Georgia and the Hunters of Alabama, united in the marriage of James Edward Cobb of Thomaston Ga., and Liberty Tex., and Caroline (Carrie) Elizabeth Hunter of Tuskegee, Ala. The collection includes fragments of a young man's diary of a journey, 1819, from Georgia to Cahaba, Ala., to locate new lands; a book of William A. Cobb of Georgia, father of J. E. Cobb, with memoranda of dealings with overseers and notes on his experiences while a volunteer officer in the 1836 Creek War; Carrie Hunter's extensive diary, 1860-1868, at Tuskegee; letters of Carrie's brothers, James (d. 1863?) and Hope, who joined the Confederate Army, and her speech to their company upon presenting them with a flag sewn by the ladies of Tuskegee; J. E. Cobb's diary, 1862-1864, as a Confederate officer in the 5th Texas Regiment serving in Virginia, and his letters from federal prisons, 1864-1865, to a young lady from Baltimore; the diary and memoranda, 1863, of Captain D. U. Barziza of the 5th Texas Regiment, during the Gettysburg Campaign; and other items.
Collier Cobb, a white geologist and professor at the University of North Carolina, was born in 1862 in Wayne County, N.C., the eldest of the seven children of Martha Louisa Cobb and Needham Bryan Cobb, a Baptist minister and the first person to receive a Master's degree from the University of North Carolina in 1856. Collier Cobb attended Wake Forest College, 1878-1880, and the University of North Carolina briefly in 1880. In 1879, he completed hisSchool Map of North Carolina, which was adopted by the State Board of Education and went through six editions. From 1889 to 1886, he taught school. From 1885 to 1889, he studied at the Marine Biological Laboratory in Annisquan, Mass., and at Harvard University, where he studied geology and also worked as an assistant on the United States Geological Survey. In 1892, he returned to Chapel Hill to become assistant professor of geology at the University of North Carolina. He eventually became head of the Geology Department, retiring in 1933. Besides teaching at the University, Cobb was also involved in community activities, especially those relating to schools. Cobb was married first Mary Lindsay Battle, with whom he had three children (William Cobb, Collier Cobb Jr., and Mary Louisa Cobb), second Lucy Battle, a cousin of his first wife; and third Mary Knox Gatlin of Little Rock, Ark. Cobb's sister, Lucy M. Cobb, was a writer, genealogist, and active member of the Daughters of the American Revolution, and his daughter, Mary Louisa Cobb, was chief of the Correspondence Bureau of the UNC Extension Division, 1922-1954. The collection chiefly consists of materials relating to the lives and work of Collier Cobb and his sister, Lucy M. Cobb, but there are also materials relating to Collier Cobb's father, Needham Bryan Cobb; Collier Cobb's three wives; his daughter, Mary Louisa Cobb, especially while she was attending Fassifern, a school for girls at Hendersonville, N.C.; his son, Collier Cobb Jr.; and other members of the Cobb family. Included are letters and related materials, both personal and professional. Among the correspondents are botanist Harriet E. Freeman of Boston and geographer/botanist Roland M. Harper. There are also clippings relating to the Cobb family or to scientific subjects and writings by Lucy M. Cobb; Collier Cobb, including a book manuscript on evolution and biographical sketches of Kemp Plummer Battle, Maria Edgeworth, Nicholas Marcellus Hentz, Joseph Austin Holmes, George Horton, Matthew Fontaine Maury, Denison Olmsted, Laura Battle Philips, William George Randall, and others; as well as journals, account books, address books, a commonplace book, a recipe book, and a family Bible with annotations and enclosed ephemera. Some of the volumes relate to Needham Bryan Cobb's ministerial activities before, during, and after the Civil War. Pictures are of members of Cobb family members, friends, and relatives; the family's Mount Auburn Plantation; the Cobb family homes in Chapel Hill; the University of North Carolina campus; geological field expeditions; and travels. Included is a series of glass plate negatives depicting the University of North Carolina campus, people, travels to Alaska and China, and other subjects. There are also maps; childhood drawings; genealogical materials relating to Lucy M. Cobb's career as genealogical researcher for hire; financial and legal documents belonging to Needham Bryan Cobb; diplomas, including the first Master's degree awarded by the University of North Carolina; and other items. The Addition of 2009 includes Collier Cobb correspondence, writings, and other materials, as well as materials relating to the Chapel Hill, N.C., community activities of Collier Cobb Jr. and his wife, Emma Cobb. There are also photographs of University of North Carolina faculty, Collier Cobb, Nancy Cobb, Collier Cobb Jr., and Emma Cobb.
The Cobb and Whitfield families of North Carolina and Florida included John P. Cobb (1834-1923), who was born in Wayne County, N.C., married Sally Eliza Whitfield in 1865, and moved to Florida, and James Bryan Whitfield (1809-1841) of Falling Creek and Strabane, Lenoir County, N.C., who was a planter, state senator, and major general in the North Carolina militia. The collection includes 18th- and early 19th-century Cobb and Whitfield family deeds, land grants, and legal agreements from eastern North Carolina, especially Wayne, Craven, and Duplin counties. Also included is family correspondence, after 1837, of James Bryan Whitfield, including two letters, 1840, from United States Senator Robert Strange regarding the admission of Florida to the United States as a slave state.
Gaston D. Cobb of Caswell County, N.C., was a surgeon in the United States Army.
The collection contains a typed transcription of the will of Howell Cobb (1772-1818), of Cherry Hill Plantation in Jefferson County, Ga. Cobb emancipates William Hill from enslavement and leaves $50 per year to another enslaved man, Fellow Ben. At the discretion of his brother, John A. Cobb, Howell Cobb leaves much of his estate to his nephew, also named Howell Cobb (1815-1868). There is also a $50 check, dated 11 January 1851 and signed by Speaker of the House Howell Cobb, written to U.S. House of Representatives member David Rumsey, Jr., a representative from New York.
Lucy Maria Cobb (1877-1969) was a teacher, professional genealogist, and free-lance writer of Raleigh, N.C.
The collection consists of interviews of Ned Cobb (1885-1973), an African American farmer and a former member of the Alabama Sharecroppers Union in Tallapoosa County, Ala., and his family, by Theodore Rosengarten (1944- ), a white historian of American civilization. The interviews describe Cobb's life as a sharecropper, then independent farmer, in east-central Alabama, his involvement with the Alabama Sharecroppers Union, his 12-year imprisonment for shooting at sheriff's deputies intent on seizing a neighbor's livestock, and his life after leaving prison. Included are 18 tapes of interviews with Ned Cobb, 20 tapes of interviews with his family, and five tapes of interviews with unidentified persons. There is also a small number of tapes containing music and other recordings. Rosengarten edited and re-ordered the interviews for his book All God's Dangers: The Life of Nate Shaw (1974).
Thomas Read Rootes Cobb (1823-1862) was a lawyer of Georgia and later a Confederate brigadier general. The collection includes typed transcriptions, chiefly letters, 1858, from Cobb to William Letcher Mitchell (1805-1882), Georgia lawyer, educator, and engineer, written while Cobb was on a trip to New Orleans, up the Mississippi River, to New York City, and south through Virginia. The letters describe the journey and discuss religion and Presbyterian church affairs. Also included is an undated letter from Robert E. Lee to Cobb's brother, Major General Howell Cobb, on the death of Thomas Red Rootes Cobb, who was killed at the Battle of Fredericksburg.
William Borden Cobb of Goldsboro, N.C., served a sergeant in the Chemical Warfare Services section of the American Expeditionary Forces during World War I. Cobb was stationed in La Pallice and Saint Sulpice, France. When the war ended, he attended the American Expeditionary Forces University in Beune, France.
Two mid-19th-century mathematics notebooks of William Kerr Cochran. The notebooks contain mathematical rules, examples, and computations. Cochran, of Scottish descent, is thought to have lived in Rutherford County, N.C. His daughter Mary Jane Cochran (b. 1838) was a school teacher there before moving to Texas around 1883 to live with her sister and brother-in-law John Morehead.
William McWhorter Cochrane (1917- ) of Newton and Chapel Hill, N.C., and Washington, D.C., worked for the United States Senate in various capacities for more than 40 years.
Microfilm of correspondence and other papers of Cocke family members of Virginia, Alabama, and Mississippi, especially General John Hartwell Cocke (1780-1866) and his sons and sons-in-law. Included are materials documenting plantations owned by family members, family letters, and other items.
Harrison Henry Cocke was a U.S. Navy officer of Prince George County, Va.
Philip Charles Cocke (1879-1949) of Asheville, N.C., was a lawyer, Democratic Party worker, local official, and member of many fraternal orders. He was known as an impromtu speaker and orator for local occasions and celebrations.
William Michael Cocke (1815-1896) of Tennessee was a lawyer, judge, and United States representative, 1845-1849.
Monroe F. Cockrell (born 1884) of Chicago, Ill., was a writer on historical topics. The collection includes miscellaneous papers including maps of the military campaigns of Nathan Bedford Forrest, including the Battle of Franklin, Tenn., 1864, and the Battle of Corinth, Miss., 1862, compiled by Monroe F. Cockrell in the 1940s; a chart of the descendants of Andrew Cockrell; articles on Chapel Hill College of Missouri; information about the burial places of generals killed in the Battle of Franklin; and historical articles, presumably unpublished, by Cockrell, on the Confederacy, specifically concerning Major Wilmer McLean, McLean's homes at Appomattox and Bull Run, Va., P. G. T. Beauregard, and other topics (articles written 1952, 1959, 1963, and distributed by the author in 1964).
MICROFILM ONLY. Scattered family correspondence of Coffee, chiefly letters, 1860- 1862 and undated, from his wife, Somerville Smith Coffee, at Galveston to him while he was in Collin County in north Texas. Somerville Coffee's letters discuss her daily activities, neighbors, and how much she missed her husband. Also included are two letters, 1840 and 1848, from Thomas J. Coffee of Mississippi to his family.
Alexander Donelson Coffee (1821 or 2-1901) of Florence, Ala., son of General John Coffee (1772-1833), was a planter and Confederate captain in the 16th Alabama Infantry Regiment.
The collection contains two military order books for a Tennessee militia regiment and a brigade under the command of John Coffee (1772-1833) during the War of 1812 and the American war on the Creek Nation known as the Creek War (1813-1814) or Red Stick War. The order books are dated November 1812 to April 1813 and September 1814 to March 1815.
Oscar Jackson Coffin was a journalist, professor of journalism, 1926-1956, and the first dean of the School of Journalism at the University of North Carolina, 1950-1953.
The Willa Cofield Brick School Collection, 1895-1990s, documents the history of the Joseph Keasbey Brick Agricultural, Domestic, and Normal School (later renamed Brick Junior College), a traditional and trade school for African American students founded by the American Missionary Association near Enfield, Edgecombe County, N.C. Included are lists of students, images of students and buildings, printed materials, published and unpublished histories of the school, interviews with alumni and their children about daily life at school, and other materials that relate to Cofield's Brick School history project.
The collection contains letters from Coghill, serving with the 23rd North Carolina Regiment in Virginia, Maryland, and Pennsylvania, to his family in Granville County, N.C., concerning camp life, military movements, and battles, including the battle of Gettysburg.
Samuel J. Cohen (Jimmy) and Luba Tooter Cohen, both Jewish immigrants from Russia, were married in New York, N.Y., in 1920. They moved to Blytheville, Ark., where Jimmy worked in construction, evenutally opening his own business, S. J. Cohen Company. Their son Jerome Cohen (1922-2013) later joined the family business. Both Jimmy and Jerry served in World War II. The collection includes papers, family histories, photographs, home movies, and sound recordings relating to the Cohen, Tooter (also spelled Tudor), Dimand, and Freedman families, chiefly of Blytheville, Ark.; New London, Conn.; New York, N.Y.; and Minsk and Odessa, Russia. Papers document military service with the Seabees, a Naval construction regiment, during World War II; the S. J. Cohen Company; elementary education in Russia; civil engineering education in the United States; immigration; and ethnic cooking. Materials include personal and business correspondence, immigration and citizenship papers, military papers, school materials, recipes, newspaper clippings, postcards, and financial materials. Some of the school materials are in Russian (translations included). Family history materials include oral history interviews and transcripts, recorded by Marcie Cohen Ferris, that document emigration of Russian Jews and their adjustment to life in the United States in the 1910s. Family photographs document children and adults at play and family gatherings from the early 1900s to the 1960s, Russian military dress in the 1910s, a United States military base in the Pacific during World War II, and construction sites related to work done by the S. J. Cohen Company. Other photographs document African American sharecroppers, cotton farming, and a hunting camp. Home movies, filmed by Jerry Cohen, record the history of significant construction and engineering projects of S. J. Cohen Company. The films also record daily life in the Cohen family, including Temple Israel and the Jewish community of Blytheville, as well as family vacations and visits to Huddy Howoritz Cohen's home and family in New London. Slides are chiefly of family vacations and S. J. Cohen Company engineering projects. Sound recordings consist of spoken work recordings that were possibly created by Samuel J. Cohen. The Addition of 2016 consists of Black-and-white photographic prints depicting construction work and civil-engineering projects by the S. J. Cohen Company at various locations in northeastern Arkansas, 1920s-1940s.
Rebecca Gratz (1781-1869) was a philanthropist of Philadelphia, Pa. Her niece, whom she raised, was Miriam Gratz Moses Cohen (Mrs. Solomon Cohen) of Charleston, S.C., and Savannah, Ga. The collection includes letters of a close-knit Jewish family, including letters, 1837- 1862, from Rebecca Gratz to her niece Miriam Gratz Moses Cohen concerning southern Jews, social and cultural events in Philadelphia and Charleston, and family members; letters, 1842- 1853, from Grace Aguilar (d. 1847), British Jewish author, discussing religious beliefs, literature, and personal news, and from her mother, Sarah Aguilar, after Grace's death; letters, 1860-1864, to Miriam from her son, Gratz, in Confederate army camps, at Georgia Military Institute, and at the University of Virginia about school activities, religion and philosophy, Jewish-Gentile relations, the sadness of family separations caused by the war, and other family- and war-related matters; and miscellaneous family papers. Volumes, 1824-1829 and undated, include Miriam's commonplace and poetry books.
The collection contains two nineteenth-century ledger volumes with accounts for stores in Louisiana and Mississippi that were owned by the Cohn Brothers, a business founded by Jewish merchants who emigrated from Alsace, France. One ledger dated 1876 to 1884 documents business transactions for stores in Bayou Sara, La. and St. Francisville, La. The second ledger dated 1878 to 1879 documents business transactions for stores in Mississippi, including Clifton, Miss. Transactions noted in the volumes include freight charges and purchases of dry goods, sugar, coffee, liquor, beer, fabric, thread, buttons, shoes, tobacco, lumber, bricks, photographs, stamps, and other items. Accounting entries provide sales details for hundreds of customers including formerly enslaved African Americans.
Octavius Coke (1840-1895) was an lawyer, Democratic politician, and North Carolina secretary of state, 1891-1895. He was born in Williamsburg, Va., moved to Edenton, N.C., after the Civil War and to Raleigh in 1880. With his first wife, who died in 1876, he had two children, Carolina and Octavius, Jr. With his second wife, Kate Fisher, he had four more children. The collection includes letters, notes on tariffs and state banks, and an internal revenue statement for 1891. Three of the letters were written by Octavius Coke, Jr., in the 1890s. Letters to his sister Caroline and to his stepmother in 1897 describe his position with the American Tobacco Company and his life in Cincinnati. A letter, 14 January 1899, to his stepmother from Havana, Cuba, describes his life in the 1st North Carolina Volunteer Infantry during the Spanish-American War.
Robert Ervin Coker (1876-1967) was a zoologist and marine biologist, associated with the United States Bureau of Fisheries from 1902 to 1923, professor at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, from 1923 to 1949, and author.
William Chambers Coker was a botanist, teacher, writer, who taught at the University of North Carolina, 1902-1945, serving as chair of the Department of Botany and editor of the journal of the Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society.
The collection includes copies of three Colcock family letters. Also includes are items relating to Dr. Henry Woodward, South Carolina settler, and the military career of Richard W. Colcock. Genealogical data on Colcock, Hutson, Bacot, and de Saussure families is included.
MICROFILM ONLY. Autobiography of the personal life, ancestry, and family events of William F. Colcock of Jasper and Beaufort counties and Charleston, S.C., planter, lawyer, speaker of South Carolina House of Representatives, Democratic United States representative, 1849-1853, and collector of the port of Charleston, 1853-1865. The narrative, written in 1877 and 1886 (with later notes in another hand), mentions events of his public life, but relates mainly to family life.
Prominent Cole and Taylor family members include James C. Cole and his wife, Mary Catharine Cole (1799-1862), of New Bern, N.C., who were the parents of four daughters and two sons. Three of the daughters--Mary Catherine (d. 1900), Harriot G. (circa 1826-1921), and Sarah A. (d. 1900), wife of Alexander Taylor--lived together in Chapel Hill after about 1862 while running a boarding house. James Cole Taylor (b. 1855), surveyor, chemist, metallurgist, railroad superintendent, and banker, was the son of Sarah A. Cole Taylor.
Emmett Cole of Barry County, Mich., was mustered into Company F, 8th Michigan Infantry Regiment in September 1861. In October 1861, his unit sailed for the Carolinas, eventually encamping on Hilton Head Island, S.C. He participated in several campaigns and was wounded and apparently captured. He appears to have died of his wounds in Charleston, S.C., around the end of June 1862.
MICROFILM, except for 4 photographs. Correspondence, a pocket diary, photographs, and other material of Jesse Wilson Cole, of Sanford and Pinehurst, N.C., chiefly dating from 1944 when he was receiving training in the United States Army Air Corps and on active duty with the 491st Bomber Group, and letters of condolence, to Cole's parents late in 1944 and early in 1945 when he was reported missing and after his death was confirmed. Letters from Cole concern his training and experiences in England; letters to him relate largely to family matters. The diary contains notes by Cole about his activities in England.
Lucy Davis (Cole) Cole lived in Richmond, Va. and compiled genealogical information about her family. The collection contains genealogical papers, including A Sketch of the Family of Charles William Cole (1848-1914) and his wife Julia Quincy Cole of Warren County, N.C., with records of Davis, White, Quincy, and Mayfield family connections, compiled Cole in 1951; Quincy Notes, records of the Quincy family and its Adair and Hancock connections, compiled by Winifred Lovering Holman for Lucy Cole in 1950; and letters, 1941-1943, to Lucy Cole from John White Hicks (1860-1943) concerning old days in Warren County, N.C., especially recollections of friends and relatives there before he left in 1885.
MICROFILM ONLY. Letters of Sgt. Cole, Medical Division, 21st Field Artillery Regiment, 5th Infantry Division, to his mother in Mebane, N.C., during his service with the AEF in France and occupied Germany. Military operations described include the St. Mihiel and Meuse-Argonne offensives.
William Coleman married Cynthia Swain in 1812 and then Ann Evelina Baird in 1831.
Confederate Captain D. Coleman was an officer with various units of the Army of Tennessee and with detached cavalry in Bedford County, Tullahoma, Chattanooga, and Lookout Mountain, Tenn., and Chicamauga, Ringgold, and Dalton, Ga.
Dorothy Meares Coleman (1890-1981) was a native and resident of Fairfield County, S.C. Her parents were Richard Ashe Meares, an engineer who participated in bringing electricity to rural areas of South Carolina, and Louise Woodward Palmer. Dorothy had five siblings: Kate DeRosset Meares, Harriet Woodward Meares, Gertrude Palmer Meares, Gaston Meares, and Elizabeth Bessie Meares. Dorothy Meares married Allen Coleman in 1920 and with him had Louise, who married John Fowler in 1942. The collection includes scattered correspondence, clippings, writings, printed materials, and photographs of Dorothy Meares Coleman and family, chiefly 1895-1979. Also included are genealogical and biographical materials concerning the Palmer, Woodward, DeRosset, and Meares families of South Carolina; materials concerning Woodward Baptisit Church in Chester, S.C., and St. Stephen's Episcopal Church in Ridgeway, S.C.; two 1861 certificates of Disability for Discharge; an 1862 letter to Lieutenant Edward Spearman from the auditor's office of the North Carolina Troops Headquarters; and family photographs, including a daguerreotype of Harriet Woodward.
Elizabeth Pendleton Coles was the daughter of Edmund Pendleton (1823-1899), member of the first graduating class at the Virginia Military Institute, 1842; lawyer in Botetourt County, Va., Cincinnati, Ohio, and New Orleans, La., before the Civil War; colonel of the 15th Louisiana Regiment in the Army of Northern Virginia; lawyer in Buchanan, Va., and Lexington, Va., after the war; and member of the Virginia state legislature, 1869. She was the second wife of Walter Coles, whom she married in 1872. Their son, Edmund Pendleton Coles, was born in 1873.
Robert Coles is a child psychiatrist who worked at Harvard University, social activist, and prolific author. His work especially concerns the experiences of children, but he has also written about contemporary literature, psychology, religion, and other dimensions of American culture.
John Ewing Colhoun was a planter, lawyer, South Carolina legislator, and U.S. Senator.
Elizabeth Collier was a young woman who lived at Everittsville, a village near Goldsboro, N.C. In 1865, she took refuge in Hillsborough, N.C.
Anne Cameron Collins, daughter of Paul Carrington Cameron (1808-1891) and Anne (Ruffin) Cameron (d. 1897), of Hillsborough, N.C.; wife of George Pumpelly Collins (1835-1903), plantation manager in Tunica County, Miss.
Benjamin Mosely Collins was born 18 August 1840, to Mary Ann Cottrell and Michael Collins, at Pleasant Hill, the family's home plantation near Ridgeway, Warren County, N.C. During the Civil War, he served as a captain in the Confederate Army. He died 8 March 1913. His father, Michael Collins, was born 16 May 1778, to Elizabeth Collins and Michael Collins. He was a planter, slave owner, and mill owner with assets in Rockingham County, N.C.; Vance County, N.C.; and Warren County, N.C. He died in 1856.
Private William A. Collins of Statesville, N.C., served in Company C of the 48th North Carolina Infantry Regiment from March 1862 until his death in December 1862.
George Colmer (1807-1878) graduated from Tulane University in New Orleans, La., and lived in the town of Springfield in Livingston Parish, La., from 1841 until his death in 1878. Colmer practiced medicine, served as Justice of the Peace, was a land owner and land agent, and built and operated a slave hospital. Colmer is credited with identifying the first epidemic of polio reported in medical history in West Feliciana, La., in 1841.
The Colonial Dames of America, founded in 1890, is an international society of women whose direct ancestors held positions of leadership in the Thirteen Colonies. Headquarted in New York City, N.Y., the organization's goals include historical education and preservation.
The Colonial Dames of the XVII Century, Sir Humphrey Gilbert Chapter (Chapel Hill, N.C.) Records consist of scrapbooks of programs and events, invitations, meeting agendas, menus, photographs of events, membership lists, recording and corresponding secretary records.
David Grant Colson (1861-1904) was a Kentucky lawyer and state legislator, Republican United States representative, 1895-1899, with the United States Pension Bureau, 1882-1886, and an army officer during the Spanish-American War. The collection includes a scrapbook containing clippings about Colson's career, promotional items from his election campaigns, and military commissions.
Raleigh Edward Colston (1825-1896) was born in France of American parents. He was a college professor in Virginia; Confederate brigadier general; headmaster of military schools in North Carolina; on the general staff of the Egyptian Army, 1873-1878; lecturer and author; and clerk in the United States War Department, 1883-1894. The collection is primarily military correspondence of Colston concerning Confederate Army movements and organization in Virginia, and personal letters to his family during and after the war. The personal correspondence includes letters to his daughters, Lou (Colston) Byrne Ragland and Mary (Colston) Lippitt, containing fatherly advice; and discussions of his health, especially as he began to need nursing care. Also included is correspondence with Egyptian and Confederate army officers, American magazine editors, appreciative readers, and friends; a diary (10 volumes), 1874-1896, brief and irregular, describing life in the Egyptian Army and travels in Africa and Europe, as well as life in Washington, D.C., and gradually declining health; clippings of magazine articles by Colston, mainly on Confederate and Egyptian topics; and a few letters in the 1840s from his parents, Virginians living in France.
Marie Watters Colton of Asheville, Buncombe County, N.C., represented the 51st district in the North Carolina House of Representatives, 1978-1994. A University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill graduate, Colton married Henry E. Colton. The couple lived first in Chapel Hill and later in Asheville. After her husband, an Asheville City councilman, declined to run for state office, Marie Colton campaigned for and won the seat. Colton, a Democrat, was the first female Speaker Pro Tempore of the House, serving in that role from 1991 to 1994. In recognition of her advocacy of women and children's issues, Colton was appointed to the United Nations Commission on the Status of Women in 1994.
Simeon Colton (1785-1868), native of Connecticut, was a Congregational and Presbyterian minister, who lived for some time near Fayetteville and Asheboro, N.C., where he taught at schools and preached to Presbyterian and Methodist churches.
The collection contains a list of the honorary members of the Columbian Institute for the Promotion of Arts and Sciences, Washington, D.C.
Arthur St. Clair Colyar (1818-1907) was a lawyer, newspaper editor, businessman, and Confederate congressman of Nashville, Tenn.
The Comer family, white cotton planters, lumber yard owners, and enslavers of Barbour County, Ala., included Catherine Lucinda Comer (d. 1898), who, widowed in 1858, continued to farm cotton and to operate the family's corn mill and lumber yard, and her six sons. People enslaved by the Comers included Burrell, who was a personal assitant to John Wallace Comer during the Civil War. The collection includes letters, 1860-1864 and undated, to and from various members of the Comer family, chiefly about family and business matters. The earliest letters are from Catherine Lucinda Comer in Barbour County, Ala., to Hugh Moss Comer at school in Warrior Stand, Ala.. Letters describe family and neighborhood life, including details of the family businesses and finances and news of the farm and of the people enslaved by the family. During the Civil War, there are letters relating to the service of John Wallace Comer with the Army of Tennessee. Undated items include a poem about a faithless sweetheart and a letter from Hugh to Catherine about having shoes made for him. Also included is a photograph of Burrell and John Wallace Comer in his Civil War uniform.
Braxton Bragg Comer of Birmingham and Comer, Barbour County, Ala., was president of Avondale Cotton Mills, planter, merchant, and prominent politician, who served as president of the Alabama Railroad Commission, 1904-1907; governor of Alabama, 1908-1911; and U.S. senator, 1920.
John Fletcher Comer was a cotton planter of Barbour County, Ala., where he also ran a sawmill and corn mill. J.F. Comer was the father of Braxton Bragg Comer, who, in 1906, became governor of Alabama.
Laura Beecher Comer (1817-1900) was a native of Connecticut and niece of prominent clergyman Henry Ward Beecher. In 1848 she married James Comer (1797-1864), a cotton planter in Alabama. They moved in 1853 to Columbus, Ga., where she lived until her death in 1900.
The Commercial was a newspaper in Wilmington, N.C.
The collection is a carbon copy of letter, 1931, concerning the privately printed volume, Ivey Mills, 1729-1886, by Joseph Willcox, referring to genealogical data concerning the White and Willcox families of Philadelphia, Pa.
John H. Comstock (fl. 1861-1863) was a Confederate naval officer. The collection includes letters received by Comstock and Comstock's Confederate naval commission. One letter, 1862, from a friend, [I. E.?] Fiske, describes river engagements near Yazoo City, Miss. The other, 1863, from Comstock's father, discusses fighting around Clinton, La.
The Concord Steam Cotton Factory, also referred to as the Concord Manufacturing Company, was organized by Paul Barringer and others in Concord, N.C., in 1836. It produced cotton yarn, shirting, and nails. It was succeeded in 1879 by the Odell Manufacturing Company, which went out of business in 1907. The collection contains an 1856 letter to stockholders, acts of incorporation, records of stocks and property, minutes of meetings of the board of directors and general stockholders for the Concord Steam Cotton Factory, minutes of stockholders' meetings for the Odell Manufacturing Company, and related items.
Cone Mills Corporation (and predecessor Proximity Manufacturing Company and its other subsidiary and affiliated companies) manufactured denim and other textiles chiefly in North Carolina and South Carolina. Moses Herman Cone (1857-1908), Ceasar Cone (1859-1917), and other Cone family members began investing in the textile industry in the late nineteenth century and for much of the twentieth century were world leaders in textile manufacturing.
Herman Cone (originally Herman Kahn) was born in 1828. He was a Jewish-German immigrant who left Bavaria, Germany, for the United States in 1845. Cone eventually settled in Jonesborough, Tenn., where he successfully ran a dry goods store. Two of Cone's sons were founders of the Cone Mills Corporation, a textile manufacturing company in Greensboro, N.C. Cone died in 1897.
The collection includes miscellaneous papers from various sources divided into the following series: correspondence, 1861-1865; songs, poems, clippings, photographs; maps, diagrams, and drawings; Benjamin W. Austin's collection of Confederate autographs, photographs, and clippings; official papers (including printed forms, North Carolina and other muster rolls); scrapbooks; recollections; and other items.
An assembled collection of printed song texts and poems for the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War (1861-1865).
The collection contains reminiscences, written circa 1924-1925, by Confederate soldiers of North Carolina and their civilian contemporaries and collected by the United Daughters of the Confederacy of North Carolina; letters to Mrs. John H. Anderson, Fayetteville, N.C., a U.D.C. official; and a long letter to James Boyd reacting to his book, Drums. The reminiscences deal with memories of various wartime affairs; two deal with wartime Christmases.
The collection contains speeches to Confederate veterans' groups, recollections of North Carolina and Virginia soldiers and civilians, and biographical sketches of Confederate generals and Civil War battlegrounds. Items include reminiscences of Confederate soldiers in the 3rd Virginia Volunteers, and the 35th, 59th, and the 67th North Carolina Regiments, describing camp life, troop movements, and battles; a description of an expedition from Marion, N.C., to the coast during the Civil War, using slaves and equipment to obtain salt from seawater; reminiscences of family life, slaves, household work, cooking and dyeing, on Meadow Hill plantation in New Hanover (now Pender) County, N.C.; and several addresses on Robert E. Lee (1807-1870) and John Hunt Morgan (1825-1864).
Papers from the Confederate army engineer's office at Charleston, S.C., including drawings of railroad bridges, accounts for slave and free labor, military messages, and lists of personnel.
Company H of the 49th North Carolina Infantry Regiment of the Confederate States of America Army was known as the Gaston Rangers. The company was formed in Gaston County, N.C., and, on 21 April 1862, became part of the 49th Regiment. It was led by Captain Charles Q. Petty, 22 March 1862-5 August 1864.
The 21st North Carolina Infantry Regiment of the Army of the Confederate States of America was organized in Danville, Va., on 18 June 1861 as the 11th Regiment North Carolina Volunteers. The designation was changed to the 21st North Carolina Infantry Regiment in November 1861. William W. Kirkland of Orange County, N.C., was elected colonel on 3 July 1861. The Regiment was part of the Army of Northern Virginia. The collection consists of an order book with entries, 12 July 1861-6 April 1864. Orders were issued by Robert E. Lee, P. G. T. Beauregard, J. E. Johnston, I. G. Trimble, G. B. Crittenden, J. A. Early, R. S. Ewell, G. W. Smith, Stonewall Jackson, the secretary of war, and others. Orders concern troop movements, camp life, discharges, furloughs, and supplies, among other things. Included are Lee's outline of the Confederate victory at Manassas, Va., and Beauregard's order concerning General Butler's treatment of women in New Orleans, La. There are also records of articles passed by the Confederate government and announcements of days of fasting and prayer issued by Jefferson Davis.
The collection contains daily records of men on leave from various companies of the Eutaw Regiment (25th South Carolina Infantry Regiment), Confederate States of America, and a few other records of the Regiment.
The Confederate States of America Bureau of Conscription, 7th North Carolina Congressional District was concerned with enrollment, exemptions, substitutes, work details, partially disabled soldiers on limited service, senior reserves, deserters and other absentees from active units, and manpower problems related to Confederate soldiers from Anson, Chatham, Davidson, Montgomery, Moore, Randolph, and Stanly counties, and was responsible to the state conscript office at Raleigh, N.C.
Edward Conigland was an Irish immigrant, lawyer, member of the North Carolina constitutional convention of 1865, and counsel for Governor William W. Holden at his impeachment, 1871.
The collection contains genealogical papers of the Williams family of Caswell County, N.C., and Halifax, Va., including a genealogical table, 1948, tracing the descent of John Kerr Connally from John Williams; ten letters, 1948, from Mrs. Oliver (Connally) Posfay about her family history; and the family Bible of John Kerr Connally, containing birth and death records of Williams family members.
William L. Connelly (fl. 1817-1838) of Burke County, N.C., was commissioned justice of the peace, 1817, and later was captain of a company of North Carolina militia volunteers serving in the effort to remove the Cherokees from North Carolina (Trail of Tears).
James Conner (1829-1883) was a Confederate brigadier general. The collection includes typed transcriptions of letters from Conner, in Richmond, Va., and New Market, Va., September and October 1864, to his mother in South Carolina discussing conditions in Richmond, desolation in the Valley of Virginia, the current military situations, and his own needs and reputation.
Juliana Margaret Courtney Conner was the wife of Henry Workman Conner of Charleston, S.C.
Henry G. Connor was a lawyer, legislator, bank president, and judge of Wilson, N.C.
Otelia Carrington Cunningham (Mrs. David M.) Connor of Durham and Chapel Hill, N.C., clubwoman and newspaper feature writer.
Educator, historian, secretary of the North Carolina Historical Commission, University of North Carolina professor, first archivist of the United States, and author of numerous books and articles on North Carolina history.
The Conservation Council of North Carolina Records, 1969-1974, consists of correspondence, press releases, and reports documenting efforts to develop a coordinated program to cultivate public understanding and support for natural resource conservation issues and to influence environmental policies at state and federal levels. Acquired as part of the Southern Historical Collection.
The collection contains, in part, photostatic copies of a broadside presenting the constitution and a list of members of the Constitutional Society, organized in Richmond, Va., 11 June 1784, for the preservation of liberty; and some printed minutes of the Society.
Contempo was a journal of literature and social commentary published by Milton Abernethy and Anthony Buttitta in Chapel Hill, N.C., from 1931 to 1934.
Cecelia Conway was a leader in the Coalition for Alternatives to Shearon Harris (CASH), an organization founded in the aftermath of the Chernobyl disaster in spring of 1986 to oppose the opening of Carolina Power and Light2 s Shearon Harris Nuclear Power Plant in Wake County, N.C.
The Cook Family Papers chiefly consist of Civil War military records and letters of C. J. Cook, David Haze Cook, and Carolina Cook. Military records concern medical furloughs. Letters from family and friends at home in Mt. Gilead, N.C., discuss health, farming and social activities, religion, cavalry horses, the locations of other family and friends serving in the Confederate Army, and rumors of a Negro uprising.
Charles Alston Cook (1848-1916) of Warrenton, N.C., and Muscogee, Okla., was a lawyer; planter; active Republican; associate justice of the North Carolina Supreme Court, 1901-1903; and member of the Oklahoma state legislature, 1909-1910.
Records, December 1863, of Homer A. Cooke, a U.S. Army quartermaster in the New Bern, N.C., area, including financial and personnel records, accounts of clothing, camp and garrison equipage, and records of quartermasters' stores. Many of the personnel were former slaves hired as laborers.
James Wallace Cooke (1812-1869) was a United States and Confederate naval officer of Beaufort, N.C.
Robert Bruce Cooke, born in Swepsonville, N.C., who held positions in various textile mills in Virginia and North and South Carolina until 1941 when he became a supervisor at the Erwin Cotton Mills, Durham, N.C., from which he retired around 1963. He and his wife Aylene Edwards Cooke, who worked as a librarian when the couple lived in Rutherfordton, N.C., were active in many historical and art associations in the state.
Mrs. William J. Cooke was active in conservation efforts in North Carolina during the 1910s.
MICROFILM ONLY. List of persons buried in the Cool Springs Baptist Church Graveyard, Lee County, N.C., compiled by Richard Groce around 1940.
The collection, a community archive developed and organized between 1989 and 2016 by the Cooleemee Historical Association (CHA) in Davie County, N.C., documents work life in the Erwin Cotton Mills No. 3 and social life in the company town of Cooleemee, N.C. between 1898 and 1969 when the mill closed. Materials collected by CHA board members Jim Rumley and Lynn Rumley include blueprints of the plant and other structures in town, financial ledgers, employment records, telephone directories, research files, subject files, scrapbooks, yearbooks, trade union publications, and family and personal papers donated by Cooleemee residents. Organizations reflected in the materials are the Local No. 251 of the Textile Workers Union of America, the company's commissary, post office, churches, schools, fraternal orders and social clubs such as the Odd Fellows and Daughters of Liberty, and local business including the drug store, movie theater, hotel, dairy, bank, beauty parlor, and newspaper the Cooleemee Journal. Topics reflected in the materials include construction of the mill and town, work in the mill on the shop floor particularly in time studies, athletics and recreation, health and medical care, military service and the world wars, food, African Americans in Cooleemee, public education, and the textile industry.
The records of the Cooleemee Historical Association (CHA), founded in 1989, document the work of Jim Rumley, Lynn Rumley, and the CHA board to establish and operate the Textile Heritage Center and Mill House Museum in Cooleemee, N.C.; to promote the study of North Carolina's cotton mill culture; and to preserve and disseminate the history of Erwin Cotton Mill No. 3 and its company town in Davie County, N.C., that were operated by Cooleemee Water Power & Manufacturing Company and later Burlington Industries from 1892 to 1969. Records include cotton mill family life surveys completed by former mill town residents; correspondence; financial reports; materials related to the annual Textile Heritage Festival; educational materials for the CHA program "Discovering Our Heritage" for elementary school children and for the Kids' History Club; materials pertaining to the Southwide Textile Heritage Initiative including its publication Bobbin and Shuttle; museum records including visitor logs of the Textile Heritage Center; CHA publications including the newsletter Cooleemee History Loom; and CHA promotional materials.
Harold Dunbar Cooley was United States representative from North Carolina's Fourth Congressional District, 1934-1966, and chair of the House Committee on Agriculture, 1949-1966.
Herbert Arthur Cooley (fl. 1863-1864) of Lockport, N.Y., served in the 3rd New York Calvalry near New Bern, N.C., and Kinston, N.C., Newport News, Va., and Portsmouth, Va., and other locations in eastern North Carolina and Virginia.
William Henry Cooley (also spelled Coley) was the son of Zalmon Cooley of Cold Spring, Fairfield County, Conn. He served in Company H, 1st Regiment of Connecticut Volunteers in the summer of 1861 and re-enlisted in the fall in Company G of the 7th Regiment of Connecticut Volunteers. The collection includes Civil War letters written to his family by Cooley serving in northern Virginia and on the coasts of South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida. The letters contain considerable information on military life, conditions at camp, events around him, rumors, activity of his unit, guesses about the future, and other matters. Also included are a tintype of William Henry Cooley; three letters written by his sister, Eliza Gilbert; and a fragment of a letter by Eliza Gilbert's husband Walter.
Educator, educational historian, and child labor reformer Charles L. Coon taught in Lincoln County and Charlotte, N.C., and served as superintendent of schools in Salisbury, N.C., 1903; as superintendent of African American normal schools in North Carolina, 1904-1906; as chief clerk of the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction, 1907; and as superintendent of schools in Wilson and Wilson County, N.C., 1907-1927.
Douglas Hancock Cooper (1815-1879) of Mississippi was a soldier in the Mexican War and the Confederate Army, and an Indian claims agent.
Hugh C. Cooper (fl. 1858-1875) was a resident of Christian County, Ky. The collection includes personal correspondence of Cooper, including letters, 1858-1875, from friends in Kentucky, Texas, and Tennessee, concerning personal, social, and political affairs. Included is a letter, 1860, from Cooper's brother-in-law, James Andrew McKenzie (1840- 1904), a Kentucky state legislator, member of Congress, 1877-1883, minister to Peru, 1893, and prominent member of the Democratic Party, concerning his move to Texas.
Lenox Gore Cooper was the son of William Bryant Cooper (1866-1959) and Frances Ada Gore Cooper of Wilmington, N.C. He graduated from the University of North Carolina in 1921, served with the United States Navy in World War II, was a real estate and insurance executive in Wilmington, and served on the Board of Trustees of the University of North Carolina, 1957- 1972, and the Board of Governors, 1972-1975. Correspondence, clippings, programs, photographs, and memorabilia chiefly relating to Cooper's work with the University and his other philanthropic, educational, and civic activities.
Samuel Cooper was a native of New Jersey, adjutant general in the United States Army, and adjutant general and inspector general in the Confederate Army.
Thomas Cooper, born in London in 1759, immigrated to Pennsylvania in 1794. Well-known for his political beliefs, Cooper eventually pursued a career as a science professor and became the second president of South Carolina College in 1821.
William Bryan Cooper (1866-1959), merchant of Wilmington, N.C., served as lieutenant governor of North Carolina in the administration of Governor Cameron Morrison, 1921-1925.
William Cooper was a planter of Tuscumbia, Colbert County, Ala., and Magnolia Plantation, Coahoma County, Miss. He travelled frequently between his home at Tuscumbia, Ala., and his plantation in Coahoma County, Miss.
MICROFILM ONLY. Papers of David Thomas Copeland, including a diary of Copeland and his son James Isaac (1868-1929), farmers of Laurens County, S.C.; about fifty letters between David Thomas Copeland, with the Third South Carolina Volunteers, 1861-1865, and his fiancee, Mattie Adair, in Laurens District, S.C.; and a few other items. The diary describes daily work, family and social activities and J. I. Copeland's schooling. David Thomas Copeland's Civil War letters deal with his military experiences in Virginia, North Carolina, and South Carolina, including the Battle of First Manassas, the battles of Fisher's Hill and Cedar Creek, 1864, and Johnston's final campaign, 1865. Adair's letters deal with community life, farm work, and other matters.
James Isaac Copeland (1910-1995) was a historian and the director of the Southern Historical Collection at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1967-1975.
Members of the Copp family resided in Savannah, Ga. The collection includes correspondence and other papers, chiefly 1820-1850, of members of the Copp family. Correspondence, 1820-1850, consists primarily of letters to D. D. Copp (died 1856?) of Savannah from his brothers Joseph A. Copp and William J. Copp, and his friend, A. H. (Alexander Hamilton) Avery, as well as one letter each from his brothers, Belton A. Copp of Groton, Conn., and George Copp of Plymouth, Lowndes County, Miss., and a few other letters. Joseph A. Copp, apparently a minister, wrote from Sag Harbour, Long Island, N.Y., primarily about religious matters. William J. Copp wrote first from Winchester, Tenn., about his decision to study and practice law, and about economic problems, the currency issue, and presidential politics in Tennessee; later from Aberdeen, Miss., primarily about family matters; and still later from Prescott, Wisc., again about family matters. Alexander Hamilton Avery wrote from Springfield [Mass.?], about his business there and comparing life there to life in Savannah. Other papers include a letter, 21 August 1861, from Charles Copp at Camp Mercer, Tybee Island, Ga., about camp life; papers of Mary Copp Wilbur, 1866-1900, about her family, local charities, and Presbyterian Sunday School matters; and manuscript poems and fiction by Fedora Isabel Copp Wilbur concerning Civil War and Reconstruction issues and other matters.
Burwell J. Corban (born 1853) was a farmer, merchant, and magistrate of Corbandale and Palmyra, Montgomery Country, Tenn. This collection contains records of Burwell J. Corban and his father. Volumes are chiefly daybooks and ledgers for general merchandise business in the 1850s and 1865-1878. Also included are records of judgments in minor cases tried by a Montgomery County, Tenn., magistrate, 1854-1877; a magistrate's docket, 1858-1890; physician's accounts, 1852; scattered accounts for lumber milling, blacksmith work, and wages; a schedule of local mails; and a list of local subscribers of newspapers, 1850-1861.
Alma Jordan Corbitt was secretary and, beginning in 1940, executive clerk in the North Carolina Governor's office during the McLean, Gardner, Ehringhaus, Hoey, Broughton, Cherry, and Kerr Scott terms. She also worked for several judges on Superior Court cases.
James Larkin Pearson (1879-1981) of Wilkes County and Guilford County, N.C., was the North Carolina poet laureate, 1953-1981, and a newspaper publisher.
John Hamilton Cornish (1815-1878) was an Episcopal minister of Aiken, S.C. Cornish left his home in Michigan Territory in 1833 to attend Washington College, Hartford, Conn., from which he graduated in 1839. He then studied at the General Theological Seminary in New York City but did not complete his education. He became a tutor on an Edisto Island, S.C., plantation and later ran an academy there. He was ordained in 1843 and thereafter served in many Sea Island and Low Country churches before becoming rector of Saint Thaddeus in Aiken in 1846. He married Martha Jenkins of Edisto Island and had several children, including Rhoda Cornish, Mattie Cornish, Mary Cornish, Sadie Cornish, Ernest Cornish, and Joseph Cornish, who also attended the General Theological Seminary.
Susan Cornwall Shewmake (circa 1825-1905), of Alexander (Burke Co.), Ga., was the daughter of Francis Cornwall and the wife of Oscar Lassiter Shewmake (fl. 1820-1885).
The collection is a letter, 2 November 1796, from Vice Admiral Cornwallis, uncle of General Cornwallis, to Mr. Scott respecting the Pondicherry prize money.
John Kincaid (died circa 1869) of Burke County, N.C., was a planter and business man. He served as justice of the peace for Burke County and as agent of a gold mine company. Andrew Jackson Corpening (1818-1904) was the administrator of John Kincaid's estate. His brother was John E. Corpening (fl. 1852-1879) of Caldwell County, N.C.
Montgomery D. Corse (1816-1895) served as a general in the Confederate States Army during the Civil War. He was born and died in Alexandria, Va.
R. R. Corson, of the 1st Pennsylvania Reserve Cavalry, served as captain and Assistant Adjunct General to Brigadier General George D. Bayard.
Dabney Cosby (1779-1862) of Raleigh, N.C., was a builder engaged in contructing courthouses, jails, houses, and other buildings in Virginia and North Carolina.
Emma Lee Hutchison Cosby was raised in Bath County, Va. She married Henry Preston Cooley and taught in a private school in Warm Springs, Va. Later she worked briefly as secretary to temperance leader Carrie Nation and pursued interests in genealogy and writing.
Lucy S. Costen of Gatesville, N.C., was chairperson of the Gates County Civil War Centennial observations.
Cotten family members include Robert Randolph Cotten of Pitt County, N.C., his wife, Sallie (Southall) Cotten, (1846-1929), and their children and grandchildren.
Bruce Cotten (1873-1954) was born in Wilson, N.C., and over his lifetime became a serious collector of books and other materials related to North Carolina. The collection includes volumes acquired by Cotten including merchandise daybooks and ledgers of several firms